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*  Marine Drugs | Free Full-Text | APETx4, a Novel Sea Anemone Toxin and a Modulator of the Cancer-Relevant Potassium Channel...
Fractions that showed activity on Kv10.1 were further purified by RP-HPLC. The amino acid sequence of the peptide was ... Purified sea anemone fractions were screened for inhibitory activity on KV10.1 by measuring whole-cell currents as expressed in ... Here, we report the activity-guided purification and electrophysiological characterization of a novel KV10.1 inhibitor from the ... Although several venom peptides are known to exhibit therapeutic effects by interacting with ion channels [23], only one venom ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1660-3397/15/9/287/htm
*  Toxins | Free Full-Text | Ancient Venom Systems: A Review on Cnidaria Toxins
Utilizing specialized penetrating nematocysts, cnidarians inject the nematocyst content or ... Cnidarians are the oldest extant lineage of venomous animals. Despite their simple anatomy, they are capable of subduing or ... Neurotoxins exhibit rapid ion channel specific activities. In addition, certain cnidarian venoms contain or induce the release ... venom; enzymes; pore forming toxins; neurotoxins; vasodilatory biogenic amines; human envenomation cnidarians; venom; enzymes; ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6651/7/6/2251
*  Cnidarian Venoms Summary Report | CureHunter
Venoms from jellyfish; CORALS; SEA ANEMONES; etc. They contain hemo-, cardio-, dermo- , and neuro-toxic substances and probably ... and both Ca2+ channel blockers and antioxidants could be useful candidates against the hemolytic activity of jellyfish venoms." ... Venom, Chironex; Venom, Cnidarian; Venom, Jellyfish; Venom, Portuguese Man-of-War; Venom, Sea Anemone; Venoms, Chironex; Venoms ... Chironex Venom; Cnidarian Venom; Jellyfish Venom; Portuguese Man-of-War Venom; Sea Anemone Venom; Portuguese Man of War Venom; ...
  http://www.curehunter.com/public/keywordSummaryD003064-Cnidarian-Venoms.do
*  Pharmacological characterization of cnidarian extracts from the Caribbean Sea: evaluation of anti-snake venom and antitumor...
All cnidarian extracts were able to inhibit hemorrhagic activity induced by Bothrops moojeni venom. Only the C. gigantea (body ... The cnidarian extracts analyzed showed relevant in vitro inhibitory potential over the activities induced by Bothrops venoms; ... edema-inducing and cytotoxic activities. All cnidarian extracts showed indirect hemolytic activity, but only S. helianthus ... Cnidarian extracts were able to neutralize clotting induced by Bothrops jararacussu snake venom, except M. alcicornis. ...
  https://jvat.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40409-018-0161-z
*  VAPAGuide - Diagnosis & treatment - Cnidarians (Jellyfish, Corals and Anemones)
Cnidarian venoms are (thermo-)labile. It is assumed that they lose their activity within 15-20 min after absorption into the ... Cnidarian venoms are (thermo-)labile. At body temperature they lose their activity. Thus even if specific treatment, e.g. ... In principle any cnidarian sting can lead to severe anaphylactic reactions if the patient is already sensitised (Togias et al. ... With one exception, systemic signs of envenoming following cnidarian stings occur more or less immediately after the sting. ...
  http://vapaguide.info/therapy/CNI-HO
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Nuria Sánchez-Puig (Translated to Danish)
In this study, we tested the activity of a low molecular weight fraction from the venom of P. caribaeorum on voltage-gated ... Toxin peptides from other cnidarian venoms, like sea anemones, target sodium and potassium voltage-gated channels. ... A Purified Palythoa Venom Fraction Delays Sodium Current Inactivation in Sympathetic Neurons Toxicon : Official Journal of the ... Multiple in vivo and in vitro bioassays are coupled to the purification process to search for the biological activity of ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Nuria_S%C3%A1nchez-Puig?language=Danish
*  Jellyfish: Ecology, Distribution Patterns and Human Interactions
Cnidarian Venoms and Alternative Research Methods: From Cell Damage to Possible Applications => pp. 257-276 (Gian Luigi ... Pharmacological Activity of the Jellyfish Cassiopea xamachana Crude Extract => pp. 245-256 (I. Maravilla-Ulloa, E. Rangel-Lopez ... Cnidarian jellyfish are among the most elegant and dazzling organisms inhabiting the global aquatic environment, due to their ... and coastal waters by interfering with bathing and other recreational and vocational activities linked to the sea. In addition ...
  https://www.novapublishers.com/catalog/product_info.php?products_id=59142
*  Cnidaria Envenomation Publications and Abstracts | PubFacts.com
Cnidarians may negatively impact human activities and public health but concomitantly their venom represents a rich source of ... In the natural world, there are many creatures with venoms that have interesting and varied activities. Although the sea ... High throughput mass spectrometry profiling of cnidarian venoms has become increasingly popular since the first description of ... Utilizing specialized penetrating nematocysts, cnidarians inject the nematocyst content or "venom" that initiates toxic and ...
  https://www.pubfacts.com/search/Cnidaria+Envenomation
*  Toxins | Free Full-Text | Cytotoxic and Cytolytic Cnidarian Venoms. A Review on Health Implications and Possible Therapeutic...
... such as the activity on cell survival, functioning and metabolism, and to improve the knowledge about the mechanisms of action ... Several cnidarian venoms have been found to have cytotoxic properties and have been also shown to cause hemolytic effects. Some ... During the last decades, the mechanisms of cell injury caused by cnidarian venoms have been studied utilizing extracts from ... The review aims to emphasize the up-to-date knowledge about this subject taking in consideration the importance of such venoms ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6651/6/1/108/notes
*  Interaction between Sorbitol and Hen Egg White Lysozyme: From Dynamics to Structure - ISMJ
Amini Khoei Z. Venoms and medicinal properties of cnidarians. Iran South Med J 2015; 18(4): 898-916. (Persian) [Google Scholar ... Solvent effects on the structure, dynamics and activity of lysozyme. J Biosci 1985; 8(1-2): 25-35. [Google Scholar] ... Baharloei M , khodabandeh S. Assessment of hemolytical activity of proteins from tentacles of sea anemone, Stichodactyla ...
  http://ismj.bpums.ac.ir/article-1-831-en.html
*  Thinking Inside The Box: Insights Into One Of The World's Deadliest Venoms - Science Sushi
... scientists may be able to create a better treatment regime that stops the venom's most deadly activities. ... The team also found new variations of the known cnidarian pore-forming proteins, or porins, that have been detected in a ... and then separate the venom excreted from the capsule itself. That venom product could then be separated into individual ... Many venoms are complex chemical cocktails with diverse toxins. But for now, the team has more than enough to work with. ...
  http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/science-sushi/2015/06/02/thinking-inside-the-box-insights-into-one-of-the-worlds-deadliest-venoms/
*  Toxins | Free Full-Text | Evaluation of Cyanea capillata Sting Management Protocols Using Ex Vivo and In Vitro Envenomation...
... first aid care protocols using previously described envenomation models that allow for direct measurements of venom activity. ... a direct representation of venom load, by over 90%. Ice pack treatment had no effect on sting severity. These results indicate ... induced significant increases in venom delivery, while rinsing with vinegar or Sting No More® Spray did not. Post-sting ... As is the case for most cnidarian stings, recommended medical protocols in response to such stings lack rigorous scientific ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6651/9/7/215
*  Toxins | Free Full-Text | Short Toxin-like Proteins Abound in Cnidaria Genomes | HTML
In most Cnidarians, a "nettle" has evolved for effective injection of venom into the prey. Such a device is found in jellyfish ... The short proteins that carry toxin activity and those that share toxin-like compact structures are collectively called TOLIPs ... Understanding and utilising mammalian venom via a platypus venom transcriptome. J. Proteomics 2009, 72, 155-164. [Google ... The Cnidarian Short Proteome. Currently, there are over 83,000 known proteins for the different branches of Cnidaria. Most of ...
  http://mdpi.com/2072-6651/4/11/1367/htm
*  Recent Articles | Venom, Evolution And Culture | The Scientist Magazine®| Page 4
A study of a simple marine animal suggests that the common ancestor of cnidarians and bilaterians may have had three germ ... scientists have found graphite with a carbon signature that indicates biological activity. ...
  https://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.list/tagNo/1242,8,3/tags/venom,evolution,culture/pageNo/4/
*  Most recent papers with the keyword Irukandji | Read by QxMD
... first aid care protocols using previously described envenomation models that allow for direct measurements of venom activity. ... As is the case for most cnidarian stings, recommended medical protocols in response to such stings lack rigorous scientific ... induced significant increases in venom delivery, while rinsing with vinegar or Sting No More(®) Spray did not... ... suggest an underlying catecholamine storm with research demonstrating that Carukia barnesi venom causes a significant rise in ...
  https://www.readbyqxmd.com/keyword/20995
*  Most recent papers with the keyword Lion's mane | Read by QxMD
... first aid care protocols using previously described envenomation models that allow for direct measurements of venom activity. ... As is the case for most cnidarian stings, recommended medical protocols in response to such stings lack rigorous scientific ... Anti-Gastric Ulcer Activity of Polysaccharide Fraction Isolated from Mycelium Culture of Lion's Mane Medicinal Mushroom, ... Inhibitory effect on in vitro LDL oxidation and HMG Co-A reductase activity of the liquid-liquid partitioned fractions of ...
  https://www.readbyqxmd.com/keyword/98479
*  Top Ten Scariest Animals - TheTopTens®
Scorpion's venom can be stronger than cyanide, but it's not very deadly because they only inject it in small doses. Also, all ... We can't just label our whole species as cruel because of a few cruel people who spread all of the inhumane activity in the ... Box jellyfish are cnidarian invertebrates distinguished by their cube-shaped medusae. Some species of box jellyfish produce ... It's venom can kill within minutes and is extremely painful. Not only this but it is practically invisible in the water and ...
  https://www.thetoptens.com/scariest-animals/
*  Cnidaria - Wikipedia
Cnidarians' activities are coordinated by a decentralized nerve net and simple receptors. Several free-swimming species of ... Nematocysts inject venom into prey, and usually have barbs to keep them embedded in the victims. Most species have nematocysts. ... Prey of cnidarians ranges from plankton to animals several times larger than themselves.[34][37] Some cnidarians are parasites ... Recent phylogenetic analyses support monophyly of cnidarians, as well as the position of cnidarians as the sister group of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cnidarian
*  List of MeSH codes (D23) - Wikipedia
... wasp venoms MeSH D23.946.833.230 --- cnidarian venoms MeSH D23.946.833.370 --- fish venoms MeSH D23.946.833.590 --- mollusk ... nonsuppressible insulin-like activity MeSH D23.348.900.700 --- transforming growth factor alpha MeSH D23.348.900.720 --- ... cnidarian venoms MeSH D23.946.580.370 --- fish venoms MeSH D23.946.580.450 --- holothurin MeSH D23.946.580.565 --- lyngbya ... arthropod venoms MeSH D23.946.833.065.055 --- ant venoms MeSH D23.946.833.065.115 --- bee venoms MeSH D23.946.833.065.115.060 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_MeSH_codes_(D23)
*  Toxins | Free Full-Text | Sea Anemones: Quiet Achievers in the Field of Peptide Toxins | HTML
The venom from P. semoni has caused acute renal failure in humans, with a protein toxin (PsTX-115) from this venom causing ... However, AsK132958 showed no activity against grass shrimp, Artemia nauplii, or any of the KV channels tested, owing partly to ... Mizuno, M. Envenomation by cnidarians and renal injuries. In The Cnidaria, Past, Present and Future: The World of Medusa and ... 2. Venom Apparatus. Sea anemones, in common with other members of the phylum Cnidaria, possess numerous specialized stinging ...
  http://mdpi.com/2072-6651/10/1/36/htm
*  Coral - Wikipedia
The venom is injected through the hollow filament to immobilise the prey; the tentacles then manoeuvre the prey to the mouth. ... These activities can damage coral but international projects such as Green Fins that encourage dive and snorkel centres to ... Corals are sessile animals in the class Anthozoa and differ from most other cnidarians in not having a medusa stage in their ... These cells carry venom which they rapidly release in response to contact with another organism. A dormant nematocyst ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coral
*  Sea anemone - Wikipedia
The venom is a mix of toxins, including neurotoxins, that paralyzes the prey so the anemone can move it to the mouth for ... Unlike other cnidarians, anemones (and other anthozoans) entirely lack the free-swimming medusal stage of their lifecycle; the ... These fishing activities significantly impact the populations of anemones and anemone fish by drastically reducing the ... As cnidarians, sea anemones are related to corals, jellyfish, tube-dwelling anemones, and Hydra. Unlike jellyfish, sea anemones ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sea_anemone
*  toxin III (Anemonia sulcata) - Semantic Scholar
Conformational Stability and Hemolytic Activity of Actinoporin RTX-SII from the Sea Anemone Radianthus macrodactylus ... Cnidarian Venoms. Papers overview. Semantic Scholar uses AI to extract papers important to this topic. ...
  https://www.semanticscholar.org/topic/toxin-III-%28Anemonia-sulcata%29/7058789
*  Giant fish-killing water bug reveals ancient and dynamic venom evolution in Heteroptera | SpringerLink
However, little is known about the molecular evolution of the venom toxins... ... produce venom or saliva with diverse bioactivities depending on their feeding strategies. ... little is known about the molecular evolution of the venom toxins underlying these biological activities. We examined venom of ... highly similar sequences exist in the GenBank nr database originating from diverse bilaterian and cnidarian animals (BLASTp E ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00018-018-2768-1
*  Pollen: Facts, Discussion Forum, and Encyclopedia Article
Pollen has been used to trace activity at mass graves in Bosnia, catch a burglar who brushed against a Hypericum. Hypericum ... Spiders are air-breathing arthropods that have eight legs, and chelicerae with fangs that inject venom. They are the largest ... Animals with indirect development such as insects, amphibians, or cnidarians typically have a larval phase of their life cycle ... Numbering over 4,000 distinct species, many of these compounds have antioxidant activity in vitro but are unlikely to have ...
  http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Pollen