Frontiers | BOLD responses to negative reward prediction errors in human habenula | Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
We provide conclusive evidence for activation in human habenula to negative reward prediction errors. ... especially during putamen activation after juice delivery (Figure 3 C, red trace habenula, black trace putamen). ... activation maps showing activation close to the habenular region only. (C) Brain activation (sagittal, coronal and axial) was ... C) Putamen activation at the (unexpected) juice delivery time during run 1 (coronal; 50 subjects, p , 0.000001, FDR corrected, ...https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnhum.2010.00036/full
Frontiers | How Situational Context Impacts Empathic Responses and Brain Activation Patterns | Frontiers in Behavioral...
... breaks down the mediation effect of the putamen on context-dependent valence ratings. Overall, the study demonstrates how ... However, how work experience modulates the empathic responses and brain activation patterns in medical professions remains ... breaks down the mediation effect of the putamen on context-dependent valence ratings. Overall, the study demonstrates how ... However, how work experience modulates the empathic responses and brain activation patterns in medical professions remains ...https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnbeh.2017.00165/full
Current methodological designs of fMRI studies of panic disorder: can data be compared?
An fMRI motor activation paradigm demonstrates abnormalities of putamen activation in females with panic disorder. Journal of ... In women, significant activation of the bilateral amygdala was observed in response to fearful faces but, in men, no ... 2008) used neuronal activation elicited by emotional stimuli as an endophenotype to study the association with PD and found ... They also concluded that both the 5-HT1A 1019 C/G and 5HTTLPR polymorphisms play a role in amygdala activation in response to ...http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1983-32882011000300013&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
The Effects of Dopamine on Reward Processing - Tabular View - ClinicalTrials.gov
This statistic shows the effect (beta) that the combination of diagnosis and drug has on putamen activation (beta) after reward ... This statistic shows the effect (beta) that the combination of diagnosis and drug has on putamen activation after presentation ... Brain activation during a task involving monetary rewards. [ Time Frame: one-time task, administered at session 2 ] ... This statistic shows the effect (beta) that the combination of diagnosis and drug has on caudate activation after presentation ...https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT01253421
Action selection and refinement in subcortical loops through basal ganglia and cerebellum | Philosophical Transactions of the...
The activation seen for putamen presumably results from a greater dependence on postsynaptic inhibition. The cause for this ... Functional imaging of Replicate reveals activation patterns in a large network of brain areas (§2b), larger than the network of ... Differential BOLD activity in the right and left head of the caudate and putamen for the Decode (grey) and Execute (black) ... These authors promoted an activation-based serial order memory analogous to the one that appears in the model by Beiser & Houk ...http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/362/1485/1573
Motor Systems Flashcards by Kevin Bradley | Brainscape
2. Putamen (-). 3. Globus pallidus (-). 4. VLo (+). 5. SMA (+). This loop shows that cortical activation of the putamen causes ... Alpha motor neuron activation alone (no gamma motor neuron activity) would cause the Ia axons of the muscle spindle to do what ... So when it is inhibited by putamen neurons, the inhibition on the VL stops and the VL is allowed to excite the SMA. ... This loop may function as a basal ganglia filtering funnel, where a threshold amount of activation of the SMA must be reached. ...https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/motor-systems-723779/packs/1010534
Frontiers | Evolution of Neuroplasticity in Response to Physical Activity in Old Age: The Case for Dancing | Frontiers in Aging...
2006) have reported dance-induced activations in the putamen, the primary motor cortex and the supplementary motor area (SMA), ... Putamen and superior frontal gyrus and the results of Hüfner et al. (2011), which report reduced volumes in several brain ...https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnagi.2017.00056/full
MyCNS - Cognitive Neuroscience Society
Furthermore, we find the activation of Putamen, however, Bayesian parameter between Putamen and other regions are zeros, which ... Putamen,Thalamus and Primary Motor Cortex (M1) in cognitive control network. The results from whole brain contrasts and dynamic ...https://www.cogneurosociety.org/mycns/?page=poster_detail&id=11486
Biology of obsessive-compulsive disorder - Wikipedia
Decreased likelihood of activation in right putamen and cerebellum was reported during Go/no go. During interference tasks, ... During affective tasks hyperactivation has been observed in the ACC, insula and head of the caudate and putamen, regions ... An ALE meta analysis found increased grey matter in the left postcentral gyrus, middle frontal region, putamen, thalamus, left ... Symptom provocation is associated with increased likelihood of activation in the bilateral orbitofrontal cortex(OFC), right ...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biology_of_obsessive%E2%80%93compulsive_disorder
Brain Activation [image] | EurekAlert! Science News
The red color indicates areas of activation. P: Putamen. ... This shows brain activation during acupuncture at the Yongquan ... The red color indicates areas of activation. P: Putamen. ... This shows brain activation during acupuncture at the Yongquan ... Neuronal activation by acupuncture at Yongquan and sham acupoints for DOC: A PET study. Neural Regeneration Research ...https://www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/73360.php?from=267846
State Versus Trait Diagnostic Biomarkers in Psychiatry and the Issue of Translation
increased activation in right putamen and right anterior insula; decreased right hippocampal volume ... Brain activation predicts treatment improvement in patients with major depressive disorder. J Psychiatr Res. 2011; 45: 1214- ... with greater pre-treatment activation in dorsomedial PFC, posterior Cingulate Cortex, and superior frontal gyrus when viewing ... greater relative anterior cingulate activation at baseline in response to negative versus neutral stimuli ...http://austinpublishinggroup.com/biomarkers/fulltext/biomarkers-v1-id1008.php
3, left panel). Another very strong activation was present in the left basal ganglia (putamen). Other left hemispheric areas ... subvocal rehearsal should induce left insular activations in addition to the right activations. Thus, the absence of activation ... The bilateral insular activation (as opposed to a left-lateralized activation) may reflect a combination of these strategies. ... Basal ganglia activations were observed in both tasks and both subject groups. Similar activations were observed in other ...http://www.jneurosci.org/content/24/41/9153
Controlling instabilities in manipulation requires specific cortical-striatal-cerebellar networks. - PubMed - NCBI
... caudate nucleus and putamen) and thalamus; cyclic compression (orange) activation in visual cortex. Bottom row, right: small ... All spring 1 activation above a t-threshold of 2.975 (P = 0.01) is plotted in red, whereas all spring 4 activation (above t- ... All sustained compression activation above a t = 2.975 (P , 0.01) is plotted in red, whereas all cyclic compression activation ... Top row, right: overlap of activation in ipsilateral PMv; sustained compression (red) activation in bilateral caudate; cyclic ...https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21228301?dopt=Abstract
Neuroanatomy of intimacy - Wikipedia
... while females had activations in the right putamen, right superior temporal gyrus, left supramarginal gyrus, left inferior ... In males, activation of brain areas that were induced by sexual infidelity laden statements included the visual cortex, middle ... In females, activations in the visual cortex, medial frontal gyrus, middle frontal gyrus, angular gyrus, thalamus, and ... Male activations were greater in the precentral gyrus, insula, hippocampus, hypothalamus, and cerebellum, while women shower ...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neuroanatomy_of_intimacy
... we would have expected a bilateral activation also in the putamen, given that the thalamus is deeper than the putamen. Second, ... The thalamus and caudate nucleus displayed a clear bilateral activation, whereas the GP and putamen showed primarily an ... 1996) Motor areas of the medial wall: a review of their location and functional activation. Cereb Cortex 6:342-353, doi:10.1093 ... To map brain activations and FC patterns to specific anatomical brain networks, single-subject brain parcellation can be ...http://www.jneurosci.org/content/37/4/839
Listen, Learn, Like! Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex Involved in the Mere Exposure Effect in Music
We found activation of the dorsal part of the striatum, namely, the putamen and caudate nucleus. The dorsal striatum has been ... Brain areas showing liking-related activation included the anterior insula, and the dorsal striatum (putamen and caudate ... Table 2: Liking- and exposure-related brain activations. Overview of activations related to liking and to previous exposure ... The rolandic operculum also showed liking-related activation, although the exact location of the activation peak proved ...https://www.hindawi.com/journals/nri/2012/846270/
fMRI + Marketing = Consumer Control? - Slashdot
... activation' in the ventral putamen) is pretty much meaningless. The experiment also doesn't control for the possibility that ...https://slashdot.org/story/03/10/24/2158224/fmri--marketing--consumer-control
Network-wide reorganization of procedural memory during NREM sleep revealed by fMRI | eLife
... between the MSL and CTL activation maps during the learning session are related to increased activations in bilateral putamen, ... Learning and consolidated activation patterns. We identified distinct brain activation patterns recruited during the learning ... including the putamen and cerebellar cortex) revealed significantly greater activation during the retest compared to the ... Consistent with the active role of the putamen found during NREM sleep, this analysis revealed that the ventrolateral putamen ( ...https://elifesciences.org/articles/24987
Antisaccade task - Wikipedia
Anti-saccades required increased activation of the FEF, SMA and putamen. Currently, the AS task is utilized as a gross ... the thalamus and putamen. Anti-saccades require an intention to will the movement and inhibit a reflexive response. It was ...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antisaccade_task
Frontiers | Dynamic connectivity states estimated from resting fMRI Identify differences among Schizophrenia, bipolar disorder,...
The SC networks are represented by four components (ICs 48, 91, 78, and 61) with activations focused in the amygdala, putamen ... In state 3 and 5, the DMN regions show strong synchronous activation with themselves, and mostly asynchronous activation with ... putamen head, putamen tail, and thalamus) and sensori-motor, auditory, and VIS cortex were found. Cerebellum also shows this ... 2009). Correspondence of the brain's functional architecture during activation and rest. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106, ...https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnhum.2014.00897/full
Cortico-cerebellar functional connectivity and sequencing of movements in schizophrenia | BMC Psychiatry | Full Text
A previous fMRI study, using a similar behavioral paradigm, found reduced activation of the pallidum and putamen . Our data ... Brain activation during sequential finger-tapping task. Positive effect of condition (sequential finger-tapping task vs. rest) ... We were not able to find any effect of movement sequencing abnormalities on the pattern or magnitude of brain activation during ... Brain activation patterns during the sequential finger-tapping task included sensorimotor cortical areas, prefrontal and ...https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-244X-12-17
Frontiers | Cortico-Striatal-Thalamic Loop Circuits of the Salience Network: A Central Pathway in Psychiatric Disease and...
Another study showed that AN participants show abnormally high activation to aversive taste in the insula and putamen (Cowdrey ... Activation of one electrode yielded the expected improvement in the tremor of the contralateral upper limb. However, activation ... These cortical activations become accompanied by subcortical activations of the entire cortico-striatal-thalamic loop circuit ... Substantia nigra activations do not appear in the meta-analytic renderings of the SN (Figure 2), as may be expected given the ...https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnsys.2016.00104/full
An fMRI Study of Neuronal Specificity in Acupuncture: The Multiacupoint Siguan and Its Sham Point
They suggested that the insula activation occurs during the administration of pain while the putamen is essentially related to ... suspected that activation of cerebellar loci could be explained by pain or possible hand motion caused by needling . ... reported activation of the anterior insula during LI4 stimulation was specific because the insula has roles in both visceral ... G. Li, R. T. F. Cheung, Q. Y. Ma, and E. S. Yang, "Visual cortical activations on fMRI upon stimulation of the vision- ...https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2014/103491/
The Dysphoric Component of Stress Is Encoded by Activation of the Dynorphin κ-Opioid System | Journal of Neuroscience
... it is not likely that it is ubiquitous activation, because the caudate-putamen and central nucleus of the amygdala show ... because CRF1-R activation has been show to have a role in the aversion induced by drug withdrawal, and CRF1-R activation is ... 2006) Kappa opioid receptor activation of p38 MAPK is GRK3-and arrestin-dependent in neurons and astrocytes. J Biol Chem 281: ... The Dysphoric Component of Stress Is Encoded by Activation of the Dynorphin κ-Opioid System. Benjamin B. Land, Michael R. ...http://www.jneurosci.org/content/28/2/407
Frontiers | Imaging the where and when of tic generation and resting state networks in adult Tourette patients | Frontiers in...
... putamen, insula, amygdala, cerebellum and the extrastriatal-visual cortex exhibited activation; with tic-onset, the thalamus, ... putamen, insula, amygdala, cerebellum and the extrastriatal-visual cortex exhibited activation; with tic-onset, the thalamus, ... primary sensorimotor cortex and parietal operculum exhibited activation; one second before a tic, the anterior cingulate, ... central operculum, primary motor and somatosensory cortices exhibited activation. Analysis of resting state data resulted in 21 ...https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnhum.2014.00362/full