*  JCI - Mutations in sodium-channel gene SCN9A cause a spectrum of human genetic pain disorders
... gating kinetics and voltage dependence and can also be defined by their sensitivity to the voltage-gated sodium-channel blocker ... target sodium channels and act as channel blockers, although they do not show a high degree of channel subtype specificity and ... The PE mutations cause a hyperpolarizing shift in the voltage dependence of channel activation, which allows the channel to be ... These agents, which act primarily through use-dependent blocks of sodium channels indeed are part of the armamentarium for the ...
  https://www.jci.org/articles/view/33297
*  Patente US6051422 - Hybrid biosensors - Google Patentes
Detection and monitoring of the signals resulting from the application of the voltage signal provides information regarding the ... Such an invention is useful in detecting or screening a variety of biological and chemical agents. ... A voltage signal is applied across each of the microelectrodes and a reference electrode. ... including voltage-gated sodium channels, that respond to a variety of ion channel blockers. However, it is to be understood ...
  http://www.google.es/patents/US6051422
*  Click here for your special deal on Vinpocetine…<...
Erdo SA, et al Vincamine and vincanol are potent blockers of voltage-gated Na+ channels . Eur J Pharmacol. (1996) ... Zhou X, et al Vinpocetine is a potent blocker of rat NaV1.8 tetrodotoxin-resistant sodium channels . J Pharmacol Exp Ther. ( ... Sitges M, Nekrassov V Vinpocetine selectively inhibits neurotransmitter release triggered by sodium channel activation . ... The continuous use of anti-inflammatory agents is required to treat these conditions. However, the long-term use of these drugs ...
  http://www.targetednutrients.com/vinpocetine/
*  Indian Patents. 234877:BIARYL SUBSTITUTED 6-MEMBERED HETEROCYCLES AS SODIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS
Voltage-gated sodium channels represent a multigene family. Nine sodium channel subtypes have been cloned and functionally ... sodium channel subtypes vary in the voltage range over which they activate and inactivate as well as in their activation and ... Sodium channels are the target of a diverse array of pharmacological agents, including neurotoxins, antiarrhythmics, ... In these models, intravenous application of the sodium channel blocker and local anesthetic lidocaine can suppress the ectopic ...
  http://www.allindianpatents.com/patents/234877-biaryl-substituted-6-membered-heterocycles-as-sodium-channel-blockers
*  Antagonism of Lidocaine Inhibition by Open-Channel Blockers That Generate Resurgent Na Current | Journal of Neuroscience
Human voltage-gated sodium channel mutations that cause inherited neuronal and muscle channelopathies increase resurgent sodium ... 1987) Inhibition of sodium currents by local anesthetics in chloramine-T-treated squid axons: the role of channel activation. J ... Because depolarization stabilizes binding of the open-channel blocker, the voltage-dependent effect of the peptide is ... these cells may have a decreased sensitivity to use-dependent clinical agents. ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/33/11/4976
*  Frontiers | Involvement of gap junction channels in the pathophysiology of migraine with aura | Physiology
In the pathophysiology of migraine with aura, activation of the trigeminovascular system from the meningeal vessels mediates ... Gap junction channels seem to be involved in several ways in the pathophysiology of migraine with aura and emerge as a new ... quinidine and the derivative mefloquine are able to inhibit CSD suggesting an involvement of neuronal connexin36 channels in ... quinidine and the derivative mefloquine are able to inhibit CSD suggesting an involvement of neuronal connexin36 channels in ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphys.2014.00078/full
*  Flashcards - NSG 205
Calcium channel blockers*work by blocking voltage-gated*calcium channels (VGCCs) in cardiac muscle and blood vessels. This* ... Angiotensin II blocker *These substances are AT1-receptor*antagonists - that is, they block the activation of angiotensin II* ... sodium bicarbonate-acts by increasing blood pH.. * As*pH goes up, Potassium will come down.. * Watch*for s/s of volume overload ... Aminoglycoside agents *Several aminoglycosides*function as *protein synthesis*inhibition of aminoglycosides *that are effective ...
  https://www.freezingblue.com/flashcards/print_preview.cgi?cardsetID=206066
*  Plus it
2010) Post-treatment with voltage-gated Na(+) channel blocker attenuates kainic acid-induced apoptosis in rat primary ... 2009) Sodium channel activation augments NMDA receptor function and promotes neurite outgrowth in immature cerebrocortical ... It is tempting to suggest that differential patterns in Ca2+ dynamics and SCO patterns elicited by GABAAR blockers, K+ channel ... Rapid Throughput SCO Analysis of Seizurogenic Agents. Zhengyu Cao, Xiaohan Zou, Yanjun Cui, Susan Hulsizer, Pamela J. Lein, ...
  http://molpharm.aspetjournals.org/content/87/4/595
*  Plus it
... the depolarization mediated by activation of voltage-sensitive sodium channels would activate voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channels, ... Blockade of voltage-gated sodium channels with TTX has been previously used to establish release mechanisms in both nerve ... However, the application of cadmium chloride, a nonselective blocker of voltage-sensitive calcium channels, reduced the S2/S1 ... 1998) Effects of local administration of L-, N-, and P/Q-type calcium channel blockers on spontaneous dopamine release in the ...
  http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/289/1/455
*  Human Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Cardiomyocytes as Research and Therapeutic Tools
... associated with slow voltage-gated calcium ion channels (absence of fast sodium channels) [130]. Moreover, other populations ... Recently, Terrenoire and colleagues revealed drug actions, including sodium-channel blocker mexiletine, in a long-QT syndrome ... J. Lee, N. Sayed, A. Hunter et al., "Activation of innate immunity is required for efficient nuclear reprogramming," Cell, vol ... were used also for studying the effects of different therapeutic agents on preventing arrhythmias. Shortening of AP and ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2014/512831/
*  Burning pain: axonal dysfunction in erythromelalgia
A tetrodotoxin-resistant voltage-gated sodium channel expressed by sensory neurons. Nature 1996;379:257-62. [PubMed] ... Multiple treatments were used including Na+ channel blockers, modulators of vascular tone, anaesthetic agents, antihistamines, ... efficacy and safety of sodium channel blocker phase II trial. Amyotroph Lateral Scler Frontotemporal Degener 2015;16:353-8. [ ... related to activation of slow K+ channels during hyperthermia. Heating typically triggers acute EM symptoms, such that the ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC5402712/
*  Frontiers | A Novel Retinal Oscillation Mechanism in an Autosomal Dominant Photoreceptor Degeneration Mouse Model | Frontiers...
Furthermore, the latter persisted in the presence of flupirtine, an M-type potassium channel activator recently reported to ... EPSC oscillation was synaptically driven by glutamate and sensitive to blockade of NaV channels and gap junctions. These data ... EPSC oscillation was synaptically driven by glutamate and sensitive to blockade of NaV channels and gap junctions. These data ... was used to block voltage-gated sodium channels (NaV). Tubocurarine chloride (5 μM) was used to block nicotinic acetylcholine ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fncel.2015.00513/full
*  Patent US6887238 - Suction stabilized epicardial ablation devices - Google Patents
Sodium channel blockers are also known as sodium channel inhibitors, sodium channel blocking agents, rapid channel blockers or ... There are two major types of potassium channels. The first type of channel is voltage-gated and the second type is ligand-gated ... calcium channel blocker, sodium channel blocker, potassium channel agent, adenosine, adenosine receptor agonist, adenosine ... Opening of the potassium channel causes hyperpolarization, which decreases the rate at which the activation threshold is ...
  http://www.google.co.uk/patents/US6887238
*  Neuropharmacology: Department of Pharmacology: Feinberg School of Medicine: Northwestern University
Elucidation of the biophysical mechanism responsible for G-protein activation of a human voltage-gated sodium channel (NaV1.9) ... Demonstration that a novel sodium channel blocker capable of preferential inhibition of persistent sodium current has potent ... Evaluating the efficacy and pharmacology of novel sodium channel blockers in mouse models of human genetic epilepsies. ... provide targets for many types of pharmacological agents and are encoded by genes that can be the basis for inherited diseases ...
  https://www.pharm.northwestern.edu/research/neuropharmacology.html
*  Frontiers | Propranolol Blocks Cardiac and Neuronal Voltage-Gated Sodium Channels | Pharmacology
Voltage-dependence of channel activation was estimated by measuring peak sodium current during a variable test potential from a ... To test whether propranolol is unique among β-adrenergic receptor blockers in having sodium channel blocking activity, we ... propranolol might offer utility as a sodium channel blocker in clinical circumstances where β-adrenergic block is undesirable ... Contingent negative variation and efficacy of beta-blocking agents in migraine. Cephalalgia 6, 229-233. ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphar.2010.00144/full
*  Frontiers | Different pH-sensitivity patterns of 30 sodium channel inhibitors suggest chemically different pools along the...
... and/or lipophilic binding sites on the channel). Rescue from the hydrophilic and lipophilic traps can be promoted by alkalic ... The major drug binding site of sodium channels is inaccessible from the extracellular side, drug molecules can only access it ... The major drug binding site of sodium channels is inaccessible from the extracellular side, drug molecules can only access it ... 2006). Characterization of voltage-gated sodium-channel blockers by electrical stimulation and fluorescence detection of ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphar.2015.00210/full
*  p75 and TrkA Signaling Regulates Sympathetic Neuronal Firing Patterns via Differential Modulation of Voltage-Gated Currents |...
... or induce insertion of additional channels (Zhang et al., 2005). Activation of TrkA potentiates sodium current via ... To maximize the data obtained from each cell, we made most recordings in the absence of pharmacological channel blockers ( ... Pharmacological agents were applied to separate pools of neurons, which were recorded from between 15 min to up to 2 h after ... Coapplication of NGF with the TrkA blocker K252a or the p75-blocking antibody REX was used to selectively activate each ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/29/17/5411
*  Resveratrol attenuates cortical neuron activity: roles of large conductance calcium-activated potassium channels and voltage...
Being a positive control, TTX, a voltage-gated sodium channel blocker, significantly reduced sodium current amplitude (Fig. 3a ... our findings suggest that in addition to activation of BKCa channels, blockade of voltage-gated sodium channels in the cortical ... Current clinical available anti-epileptics are mostly sodium channel blockers. The sodium channel blockers were very effective ... Curr Med Chem Anticancer Agents. 2003;3(2):77-93.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar. ...
  https://jbiomedsci.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12929-016-0259-y
*  Brugada Syndrome: Practice Essentials, Background, Pathophysiology
... including sodium channel blockers, vagotonic agents, alpha-adrenergic agonists, beta-adrenergic blockers, heterocyclic ... Specifically, in 10-30% of cases, mutations in the SCN5A gene, which encodes the cardiac voltage-gated sodium channel Nav 1.5, ... Should all individuals with a nondiagnostic Brugada-electrocardiogram undergo sodium-channel blocker test?. Heart Rhythm. 2012 ... proposes that the typical Brugada ECG findings can be explained by slow conduction and activation delays in the right ventricle ...
  https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/163751-overview
*  Patente US6718208 - Method and system for nerve stimulation prior to and during a medical procedure - Google Patentes
Sodium channel blockers are also known as sodium channel inhibitors, sodium channel blocking agents, rapid channel blockers or ... There are two major types of potassium channels. The first type of channel is voltage-gated and the second type is ligand-gated ... a beta-blocker, a cholmergic agent, a cholinesterase inhibitor, a calcium channel blocker, a sodium channel blocker, a ... Opening of the potassium channel causes hyperpolarization which decreases the rate at which the activation threshold is reached ...
  http://www.google.es/patents/US6718208
*  Saxitoxin Is a Gating Modifier of hERG K+ Channels | JGP
It inhibits voltage-gated sodium channels by binding to the outer ion conduction pore, and causes rapid neuromuscular paralysis ... across the channel voltage activation range. Fig. 4 shows examples of this analysis, comparing a known pore blocker, MK499 ( ... Disulfide bridges of ergtoxin, a member of a new sub family of peptide blockers of the ether a go go related K+ channel. FEBS ... a programed fast step perfusion device was used to apply various agents at t = 10 s and a wash solution at t = 20 s. Shown are ...
  http://jgp.rupress.org/content/121/6/583
*  Traumatic Axonal Injury Induces Calcium Influx Modulated by Tetrodotoxin-Sensitive Sodium Channels | Journal of Neuroscience
2, In response, reversal of axonal Na+-Ca2+exchangers (a) and activation of voltage-gated calcium channels (b), collectively ... In addition, application of the voltage-gated calcium channel (VGCC) blocker ω-conotoxin MVIIC attenuated the post-traumatic ... we used agents that blocked voltage-gated Ca2+ and Na+ channels and the Na+-Ca2+exchanger, and we removed extracellular cations ... It has been shown recently that Na+channel blockers improve functional outcome and reduce axonal pathology in models of spinal ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/21/6/1923
*  Channel blocker - Wikipedia
... channel blockers Potassium (K+) channel blockers Sodium (Na+) channel blockers The following types which act on ligand-gated ... receptor antagonists with fast open-channel blocking kinetics and strong voltage-dependency as potential therapeutic agents for ... the ionic factors that lead to channel activation can be critical to understanding the inhibiting actions of open channel block ... voltage-gated ion channels Ion channels that are activated by changes in membrane potential ligand-gated ion channel Ion ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Channel_blocker
*  Marine Drugs | Free Full-Text | µ-Conotoxins Modulating Sodium Currents in Pain Perception and Transmission: A Therapeutic...
µ and µO-CTX are two isoforms that specifically target voltage-gated sodium channels. These, by inducing the entrance of sodium ... In this review, we describe the current knowledge of µ-CTX interacting with the different sodium channels subtypes, the ... Hyperexcitability and mutations of sodium channels are responsible for perception and transmission of inflammatory and ... Ciguatoxins Evoke Potent CGRP Release by Activation of Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel Subtypes NaV1.9, NaV1.7 and NaV1.1 ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1660-3397/15/10/295/htm
*  Lidocaine-Induced Brugada Syndrome Phenotype Linked to a Novel Double Mutation in the Cardiac Sodium Channel | Circulation...
del CD, Holmgren M, Liu Y, Yellen G. Blocker protection in the pore of a voltage-gated K+ channel and its structural ... Pharmacological agents capable of unmasking the congenital syndrome are sodium channel blockers such as flecainide,3,4,37,38 ... Chanda B, Bezanilla F. Tracking voltage-dependent conformational changes in skeletal muscle sodium channel during activation. J ... Most sodium channel blockers that act in this capacity are known to dissociate from the sodium channel with slow kinetics and ...
  http://circres.ahajournals.org/content/103/4/396