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*  Unit 6 - Cholesterol Metabolism I; Synthesis of Cholesterol, Bile Salts, and Acids Flashcards by Annette Liem | Brainscape
Bile Salts, and Acids flashcards from Annette Liem ... amide bond forms between carboxyl group of bile acid and amino ... albumin binds and transports bile salts in blood. -hepatocytes take bile salts from blood with an isoform of Na+-bile ... but sterol nucleus is eliminated by conversion to bile acids and bile salts. -small percentage of cholesterol in feces or bile ... carboxyl group has pKa of 6 (matches duodenal pH) so 50% are protonated (bile acids) and 50% unprotonated (bile salts). -OH ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/unit-6-cholesterol-metabolism-i-synthesis-2038707/packs/2719068
*  Hypocholesterolemic Effect of Indigenous Dadih Lactic Acid Bacteria by Deconjugation of Bile Salts -아세아태평양축산학회지 ...
... to suppress the reabsorption of bile acids into the enterohepatic circulation and to enhance the excretion of bile acids in ... fecal bile acids and microflora was estimated in hypercholesterolemic rats. Anaerobic lactic acid bacteria decreased and ... Administration of milk and fermented milks produced from indigenous dadih lactic acid bacteria on serum lipids and bile acids, ... lactis IS-10285 significantly reduced serum total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and total bile acids. Milk and fermented milks ...
  http://www.koreascience.or.kr/article/JAKO200410103437104.page
*  Pathways: Transport of glucose and other sugars, bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine compoundsfrom GENTAUR...
Transport of glucose and other sugars, bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine compounds ... WP1788: Bile acid and bile salt metabolism. WP1828: Hexose transport. WP1847: Metabolism of amino acids and derivatives. WP1877 ... BILE SALTS MIXTURE (Equivalent to Bile Salt No. 3). 100 gm. 28-048. M96 may be involved in the activation of MT ( ... bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine compounds. pathways : Transport of glucose and other sugars, bile salts and ...
  http://www.antibody-antibodies.com/pthw.php?pwid=WP1935
*  Hepatocyte transplantation in bile salt export pump-deficient mice: selective growth advantage of donor hepatocytes under bile...
Effect of bile acids on the proliferative activity and apoptosis of rat hepatocytes. Exp Toxicol Pathol. 2001; 53: 227-33.. * ... Bile acid transport in sister of P-glycoprotein (ABCB11) knockout mice. Biochemistry. 2005; 44: 12598-605.. *CrossRef, ... Hepatocyte transplantation in bile salt export pump-deficient mice: selective growth advantage of donor hepatocytes under bile ... Hepatocyte transplantation in bile salt export pump-deficient mice: selective growth advantage of donor hepatocytes under bile ...
  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1582-4934.2012.01586.x/references?globalMessage=0
*  Gene expression changes associated with Barrett's esophagus and Barrett's-associated adenocarcinoma cell lines after acid or...
... thymidine uptake after exposure to either conjugated bile acids or an cocktail of conjugated bile salts (see Methods) for 1 hr ... 0.15 mM sodium glycodeoxycholic acid, and 0.05 mM sodium taurodeoxycholic acid. After exposure to bile salts for 1 hour, the ... Acid and bile salt exposure. Cell lines were first cultured in serum-free media for 48 hours before exposure for various times ... Thus other model systems are needed that may reflect the impact of acid and bile salt exposure on the esophagus in vivo. ...
  https://bmcgastroenterol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-230X-7-24
*  bile facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about bile
Make research projects and school reports about bile easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and ... Bile, or gall, is composed of water, bile acids and their salts, bile pigments, cholesterol, fatty acids, and inorganic salts. ... by increasing the bile acid/cholesterol ratio of bile. This is achieved simply by taking synthetic bile acids by mouth. ... bile pigments, and electrolytes (minerals).. Bile acids and bile salts. The function of these remarkable molecules is ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/biochemistry/biochemistry/bile
*  Interactions of cationic bile salt derivatives with the ileal bile salt transport system.
Previous structure-activity studies of the active ileal bile salt transport system have demonstrated that a single negative ... 0/Bile Acids and Salts; 50-99-7/Glucose; 81-24-3/Taurocholic Acid ... Relative specificity for the bile salt system of these cationic bile salt derivatives was demonstrated in the in vivo ... Furthermore, mutual inhibition studies between different pairs of bile salt substrates indicated that dihydroxy bile salts had ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Interactions-cationic-bile-salt-derivatives/1176832.html
*  CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21
a) Amino acids, aminobenzoic acid, ascorbic acid, benzoic acid, biotin and all other B-vitamins, dexpanthenol, estradiol and ... 310.518 Drug products containing iron or iron salts. Drug products containing elemental iron or iron salts as an active ... a) The amino acids glycine, alanine, and glutamic acid (alone or in combination) and the ingredient sabal have been present in ... a) Betaine hydrochloride, glutamic acid hydrochloride, diluted hydrochloric acid, and pepsin have been present as ingredients ...
  https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/cfrsearch.cfm?cfrpart=310&showfr=1
*  § 310.545
Bile salts/acids Calcium pantothenate Calomel Colocynth Elaterin resin Frangula Gamboge Ipomea ... Boric acid Calcium acetate (except calcium acetate monohydrate when combined with aluminum sulfate tetradecahydrate to provide ... also known as terephthalylidene dicamphor sulfonic acid) at concentrations up to 10 percent is not generally recognized as safe ... or any other ephedrine salt) in combination with any analgesic(s) or analgesic-antipyretic(s), anticholinergic, antihistamine, ...
  https://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/21/310.545
*  Lecture 2 - Histology 1 (Baekey) Flashcards by Sara Almcrantz | Brainscape
2. secrete bile salts, bile acids. 3. excrete bile pigments. 4. store lipids, vitamines, glycogen. 5. transofrm toxins, drugs, ... 2. mucous neck cells - located between the parietal cells; secrete acid mucous 3. chief (zymogen) cells - secrete gastric ... 1. bile canaliculi. 2. biliary ductules. 3. interlobular bile duct. 4. intrahepatic duct. 5. hepatic duct ... submucosal glands in the duodenum secrete an alkaline fluid that neutralizes stomach acids - submucosal nerve plexuses ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/lecture-2-histology-1-baekey-2123569/packs/4037981
*  Permeation enhancement of octreotide by specific bile salts in rats and human subjects: in vitro, in vivo correlations -...
RODA, A., MINUTELLO, A., ANGELOTTI, M.A. & FINI, A. (1990). Bile acid structure-activity relationship: evaluation of bile acid ... VII: Effects of pharmaceutical surfactant excipients and bile acids on transepithelial permeability in monolayers of human ... TENGAMNUAY, P. & MITRA, A.K. (1990). Bile salt-fatty acid mixed micelles as nasal absorption promoters of peptides. II. In vivo ... GASCO, M.R., TROTTA, M. & EANDI, M. (1984). The influence of bile salts on the absorption in vitro and in vivo of propranolol. ...
  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1476-5381.1996.tb15177.x/references
*  How do bifidobacteria counteract environmental challenges? Mechanisms involved and physiological consequences | SpringerLink
Bile acids and salts are the main components of the bile flow [7], determining its antimicrobial and detergent-like properties ... These barriers are mainly the acid pH in the stomach and the presence of high bile salt concentrations in the small intestine. ... Conjugated bile acids are deconjugated by the bile salt hydrolase (BSH), although the relationship of this enzyme with the ... In particular, bile acids are more toxic than conjugated bile salts (taurine or glycine conjugates), since the latter need ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12263-010-0207-5
*  From Samplex Flashcards by Kenneth Junel Idio | Brainscape
Conjugated with primary bile acids to form bile salts Taurine and glycine ... New codon specifying the same amino acid, no effect on protein function ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/from-samplex-2470333/packs/4262234
*  Bile salts | definition of bile salts by Medical dictionary
... bile salts explanation free. What is bile salts? Meaning of bile salts medical term. What does bile salts mean? ... Looking for online definition of bile salts in the Medical Dictionary? ... cholic and chenodeoxycholic acid, or secondary, those produced from primary bile acids by intestinal bacteria and returned to ... bile salts. Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia. bile salts. the salt forms of bile acids; for example, ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/bile+salts
*  OSBPL1A - Oxysterol-binding protein-related protein 1 - Homo sapiens (Human) - OSBPL1A gene & protein
... exhibits strong binding to phosphatidic acid and weak binding to phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (By similarity). Stabilizes ... R-HSA-192105. Synthesis of bile acids and bile salts. R-HSA-2132295. MHC class II antigen presentation. ... bile acid biosynthetic process Source: Reactome. *cholesterol metabolic process Source: UniProtKB ,p>Non-traceable Author ... R-HSA-192105. Synthesis of bile acids and bile salts. R-HSA-2132295. MHC class II antigen presentation. ...
  http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q9BXW6
*  Malabsorption - Wikipedia
Bile acid/Bile salt malabsorption *Terminal ileal disease such as Crohn's disease ... In addition, unabsorbed fatty acids, converted to hydroxy-fatty acids by colonic flora, as well as unabsorbed bile acids both ... 75SeHCAT test to diagnose bile acid malabsorption in ileal disease or primary bile acid diarrhea. ... Bile salt breath test (14C-glycocholate) to determine bile salt malabsorption. ...
  https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malabsorption
*  ALB Gene - GeneCards | ALBU Protein | ALBU Antibody
Synthesis of bile acids and bile salts. Bile acid and bile salt metabolism ... 609 amino acids. Molecular mass:. 69367 Da. Quaternary structure:. No Data Available SequenceCaution:. *Sequence=AAF22034.1; ... Serum albumin, the main protein of plasma, has a good binding capacity for water, Ca(2+), Na(+), K(+), fatty acids, hormones, ... Serum albumin, the main protein of plasma, has a good binding capacity for water, Ca(2+), Na(+), K(+), fatty acids, hormones, ...
  http://www.genecards.org/cgi-bin/carddisp.pl?gene=ALB&origene_full_func=3
*  ALB Gene - GeneCards | ALBU Protein | ALBU Antibody
Synthesis of bile acids and bile salts. Bile acid and bile salt metabolism ... Among its related pathways are Transport of glucose and other sugars, bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine ... 609 amino acids. Molecular mass:. 69367 Da. Quaternary structure:. No Data Available SequenceCaution:. *Sequence=AAF22034.1; ... Serum albumin, the main protein of plasma, has a good binding capacity for water, Ca(2+), Na(+), K(+), fatty acids, hormones, ...
  http://www.genecards.org/cgi-bin/carddisp.pl?gene=ALB&origene_rfpshrna_func=2&rf=/home/genecards/current/website/carddisp.pl
*  PTGIS Gene - GeneCards | PTGIS Protein | PTGIS Antibody
Synthesis of bile acids and bile salts. Bile acid and bile salt metabolism ... 500 amino acids. Molecular mass:. 57104 Da. Cofactor:. Name=heme; Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:30413;. Quaternary structure:. No Data ... 5Z)-7-{(1R,4S,5R,6R)-6-[(1E)-1-Octen-1-yl]-2,3-diazabicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-en-5-yl}-5-heptenoic acid. Experimental. *MalaCards ... 15S)Hydroxy-9alpha,11alpha-(epoxymethano)prosta-5,13-dienoic acid. *(5Z)-7-{(1R,4S,5R,6R)-6-[(1E,3S)-3-hydroxyoct-1-en-1-yl]-2, ...
  http://www.genecards.org/cgi-bin/carddisp.pl?id_type=entrezgene&id=5740
*  chapter 35: small bowel. Flashcards by Margo Carlin | Brainscape
decreased bile salt uptake causes osmotic diarrhea (bile salts) and steatorrhea (fat) in colon. - decreased oxalate binding ( ... maximum site of all absorption except for b12 (terminal ileum), bile acids (ileum - non conjugated; terminal ileum - conjugated ... 50% active resorption (conjugated bile salts) in terminal ileum (Na/K ATPase); conjugated bile salts are absorbed only in the ... gastric hyper secretion of acid. - interruption of bile salt resorption 37 how does gastric hyper secretion of acid cause ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/chapter-35-small-bowel-4046542/packs/5720268
*  EXAM #2: ANTIHYPERLIPIDEMICS Flashcards by Jonathan Kallevang | Brainscape
1) Bind bile acids and bile salts in intestine 2) Increased excretion of bile acids requires the liver to use cholesterol to ... What is the effect of bile acid-binding resins on LDL and TG? ... Cholesterol is converted into bile acids and bile salts - ... Bile salts are SYNTHESIZED in the liver from cholesterol - STORED in the gallbladder and SECRETED into the duodenum. - Most are ... synthesize more bile acids/ salts - Causes and increase in LDL receptor density on the liver ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/exam-2-antihyperlipidemics-4098159/packs/6029982
*  SLC10A6 Gene - GeneCards | SOAT Protein | SOAT Antibody
... bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine compounds. GO annotations related to this gene include bile acid:sodium ... Transport of glucose and other sugars, bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine compounds. SLC-mediated transmembrane ... Transport of glucose and other sugars, bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine compounds ... Transport of glucose and other sugars, bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine compounds ...
  http://www.genecards.org/cgi-bin/carddisp.pl?gene=SLC10A6
*  Duodenogastroesophageal Reflux | SpringerLink
Effects of acid and bile salts on the rabbit esophageal mucosa. Dig Dis Sci. 1981;26:65-71.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar ... Animal studies suggest the possibility of synergism between acid and pepsin and conjugated bile acids with a damaging potential ... Nehra D. Bile in the esophagus-model for a bile acid biosensor. J Gastrointest Surg. 2010;14(suppl 1):S6-8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle ... Children Bilitec Reference value bilitec Bilirubin monitoring pH-monitoring/impedance Barrett's mucosa Bile salt Bile acids ...
  https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-319-60678-1_17
*  Bile - New World Encyclopedia
Bile salts are bile acids conjugated with amino acids. Bile acids are steroid compounds (deoxycholic and cholic acid), often ... thus bile acids and salts aid in the absorption of fats in the small intestine. Bile salts function by combining with ... Bear bile is used in some traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Bear bile contains ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), which is believed ... The body converts free cholesterol to the bile acids cholic and chenodeoxycholic acids. In humans, about 500 mg of cholesterol ...
  http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Bile
*  ABCC3 - Canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 2 - Homo sapiens (Human) - ABCC3 gene & protein
Acts as an alternative route for the export of bile acids and glucuronides from cholestatic hepatocytes (By similarity). ... R-HSA-159418 Recycling of bile acids and salts. R-HSA-382556 ABC-family proteins mediated transport. ... canalicular bile acid transport Source: UniProtKB. *transmembrane transport Source: GO_CentralInferred from biological aspect ... bile acid and bile salt transport Source: Reactome. * ... R-HSA-159418 Recycling of bile acids and salts. R-HSA-382556 ...
  https://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O15438