*  Restricted mitochondrial protein acetylation initiates mitochondrial autophagy | Journal of Cell Science
S4E,F). Hence, our study supports the hypothesis that mitochondrial protein lysine deacetylation enables lysine residue ... 2012). The role of sirtuins in modulating redox stressors. Free Radic. Biol. Med. 52, 281-290. doi:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed. ... 2012). Identification of a molecular component of the mitochondrial acetyl transferase program; a novel role for GCN5L1. ... B) Quantification of mitochondrial protein acetylated at lysine residues and ubiquitin (Ub) levels in control and GCN5L1 shRNA ...
  http://jcs.biologists.org/content/126/21/4843
*  HDAC6 antibody | acris-antibodies.com
They catalyze the removal of acetyl groups from lysine residues in… ... are a group of enzymes closely related to sirtuins. ... are a group of enzymes closely related to sirtuins. They ... Function: Responsible for the deacetylation of lysine residues on the N-terminal part of the core histones (H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 ... catalyze the removal of acetyl groups from lysine residues in histones and non-histone proteins, resulting in transcriptional ...
  https://www.acris-antibodies.com/target/hdac6-antibody.htm
*  Sirtuin 1 - Wikipedia
Sirtuins act primarily by removing acetyl groups from lysine residues within proteins in the presence of NAD+; thus, they are ... Sirtuin 1 is a member of the sirtuin family of proteins, homologs of the Sir2 gene in S. cerevisiae. Members of the sirtuin ... Sirtuin 1, also known as NAD-dependent deacetylase sirtuin-1, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SIRT1 gene. SIRT1 ... The protein encoded by this gene is included in class I of the sirtuin family. Sirtuin 1 is downregulated in cells that have ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sirtuin_1
*  Sirtuin - Wikipedia
... which simply hydrolyze acetyl-lysine residues, the sirtuin-mediated deacetylation reaction couples lysine deacetylation to NAD ... This hydrolysis yields O-acetyl-ADP-ribose, the deacetylated substrate and nicotinamide, itself an inhibitor of sirtuin ... Sirtuin list based on North/Verdin diagram. Sirtuin activity is inhibited by nicotinamide, which binds to a specific receptor ... Sirtuins can also control circadian clocks and mitochondrial biogenesis. Yeast Sir2 and some, but not all, sirtuins are protein ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sirtuin
*  Label-free quantitative proteomics of the lysine acetylome in mitochondria identifies substrates of SIRT3 in metabolic pathways...
... and mitochondrial acetylation may be caused by a reaction of lysine residues with acetyl-CoA in a nonenzymatic process. ... Sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) Protein Regulates Long-chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase by Deacetylating Conserved Lysines Near the Active Site ... Deep, Quantitative Coverage of the Lysine Acetylome Using Novel Anti-acetyl-lysine Antibodies and an Optimized Proteomic ... six amino acids from the lysine of all acK sites identified, (E) from the identified lysine residues significantly increased in ...
  http://www.pnas.org/content/110/16/6601
*  Application # 2017/0240535. HDAC1/2 INHIBITORS FOR THE TREATMENT OF NEURODEGENERATIVE AND/OR COGNITIVE DISORDERS - Patents...
0049] The term "HDAC" refers to histone deacetylases, which are enzymes that remove the acetyl groups from the lysine residues ... Class III HDACs, which are also known as the sirtuins are related to the Sir2 gene and include SIRT1-7. Class IV HDACs, which ... HDACs are zinc hydrolases that modulate gene expression through deacetylation of the N-acetyl-lysine residues of histone ... Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are enzymes that remove the acetyl group from an .epsilon.-N-acetyl lysine amino acid on a histone ...
  http://patents.com/us-20170240535.html
*  Acetyl-CoA synthetase - Wikipedia
In addition to sirtuins, protein deacetylase (AcuC) also can modify acetyl-CoA synthetase at a lysine residue. However, unlike ... The essential lysine residue in the active site plays an important role in regulation of activity. The lysine molecule can be ... A crucial lysine residue must be present in the active site to catalyze the first reaction where Co-A is bound. Co-A then ... Acetyl Co-A can also be used in fatty acid synthesis, and a common function of the synthetase is to produce acetyl Co-A for ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acetyl%E2%80%94CoA_synthetase
*  HDAC inhibitors in kidney development and disease.
Specifically, most HDACs remove acetyl groups from the ε-amino moiety of lysine residues located on N-terminal histone tails. ... are termed sirtuins. They are structurally distinct from other HDAC classes since the catalytic activity of these enzymes ... since they often bind acetylated lysine residues without actually performing the deacetylation reaction [14]. Additionally, a ... The cap, or surface-binding domain, interacts with residues on the surface of the HDAC enzyme and contributes to isoform ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/HDAC-inhibitors-in-kidney-development/23052657.html
*  Sirtuin 5 - Wikipedia
... capable of removing acetyl, succinyl, and malonyl groups from the lysine residues of proteins. SIRT5 deacetylases and regulates ... Members of the sirtuin family are characterized by a sirtuin core domain and belong to the class III of the [histone ... Sirtuin (silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog) 5 (S. cerevisiae), also known as SIRT5 is a protein which in ... SIRT5 is one of the three sirtuins localized primarily to the mitochondrion. Alternative splicing of this gene results in two ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sirtuin_5
*  Autophagic and Apoptotic Effects of HDAC Inhibitors on Cancer Cells
In particular, acetylation and deacetylation of the lysine residues on histone proteins play a key role in the regulation of ... These two families are the classical and sirtuin families. HDACs are categorized into class I (HDACs 1, 2, 3, and 8), class IIa ... Cells pretreated with N-acetyl-cysteine displayed significantly reduced apoptosis induction in response to chloroquine and SAHA ... HDACs remove the acetyl groups from histones and repress transcription [4]. In the discovery of drugs, HDAC has become a novel ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2011/830260/
*  Lysine Acetylation Is a Highly Abundant and Evolutionarily Conserved Modification in Escherichia Coli | Molecular & Cellular...
... mammalian lysine acetylation substrates in general show less preference for residues surrounding acetyllysine residues (11). ... Hallows, W. C., Lee, S., and Denu, J. M. (2006 ) Sirtuins deacetylate and activate mammalian acetyl-CoA synthetases. Proc. Natl ... B, density map of lysine-acetylated peptides. The frequency of occurrence of amino acid residues surrounding sites of lysine ... It would be intriguing to know if the lysine-acetylated substrates can also be lysine-propionylated or lysine-butyrylated and ...
  http://www.mcponline.org/content/8/2/215
*  HDAC3 Gene - GeneCards | HDAC3 Protein | HDAC3 Antibody
They catalyze acetyl group removal from lysine residues in histones and non-histone proteins, causing transcriptional ... Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are a group of enzymes closely related to sirtuins. ... Hydrolysis of an N(6)-acetyl-lysine residue of a histone to yield a deacetylated histone. *HDAC3_HUMAN,O15379 ... Responsible for the deacetylation of lysine residues on the N-terminal part of the core histones (H2A, H2B, H3 and H4), and ...
  http://www.genecards.org/cgi-bin/carddisp.pl?gene=HDAC3
*  Computational Studies of Histone Modifications - Yingkai Zhang
... that add and remove acetyl groups to and from target lysine residues, respectively. The aberrant activity of these enzymes has ... The successful completion of the proposed research will provide a detailed mechanistic understanding for HATs and sirtuins for ... The enzymes responsible for this essential post-translational modification are histone acetyl transferases (HATs) and histone ... Elucidate inner workings of sirtuins, a novel family o class III histone deacetylases. Aim 3 : Advance ab initio QM/MM methods ...
  http://grantome.com/grant/NIH/R01-GM079223-06A1
*  Pharmaceuticals | Free Full-Text | Involvement of HDAC1 and HDAC3 in the Pathology of Polyglutamine Disorders: Therapeutic...
... the transfer of an acetyl group from acetyl coenzyme A to the -lysine side chain in the acceptor histone. Histone acetylation ... elegans HD model [66]. This particular lysine residue was found to be regulated by the opposing activities of CBP and HDAC1. ... Members of a third class of HDACs, called the "sirtuins", are structurally unrelated from classes I and II and require NAD+ for ... but rather acetyl-lysine binding proteins, that recruit HDAC3 to active chromatin in order to alter gene transcription [47]. Co ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1424-8247/7/6/634/htm
*  Propofol Inhibits SIRT2 Deacetylase through a Conformation-specific, Allosteric Site
These residues are also adjacent to the acetyl lysine substrate site (17, 37). However, propofol does not bind within the C- ... Residues that line the propofol binding site on SIRT2 contact the sirtuin co-substrate NAD+ during enzymatic catalysis, and ... SIRT2 couples deacetylation of acetyl lysine with NAD+ hydrolysis, which results in the formation of nicotinamide and O-acetyl- ... Acetyl Peptide Deacetylase Assays Two different microplate- and fluorescence-based sirtuin assay kits were purchased and used. ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC4375505/
*  PA-15-057: Unconventional Roles of Ethanol Metabolizing Enzymes, Metabolites, and Cofactors in Health and Disease (R21)
Acetylation of various lysine residues of histones is associated with a transcriptionally permissive state. The neutralization ... Free acetate, the end product in the liver, is used to generate Acetyl-Coenzyme A (Acetyl-CoA) catalyzed by cytosolic Acetyl- ... The effect of alcohol metabolism on the NAD+/NADH ratio, and subsequent impact on sirtuins-related pathways in different organs ... It is interesting to note that alcohol consumption seems to preferentially target certain histone lysine residues for ...
  https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-15-057.html
*  DLAT - Dihydrolipoyllysine-residue acetyltransferase component of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, mitochondrial precursor -...
The pyruvate dehydrogenase complex catalyzes the overall conversion of pyruvate to acetyl-CoA and CO(2), and thereby links the ... Acetyl-CoA + enzyme N6-(dihydrolipoyl)lysine = CoA + enzyme N6-(S-acetyldihydrolipoyl)lysine. ... "Sirtuin 4 is a lipoamidase regulating pyruvate dehydrogenase complex activity.". Mathias R.A., Greco T.M., Oberstein A., ... Modified residuei. 466. N6-acetyllysineCombined sources. ,p>Manually validated information inferred from a combination of ...
  http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P10515
*  Post-translational modifications
Lys residues in proteins may be acetylated by acetyltransferases and deacetylated by histone deacetylases (HDACs) or sirtuins. ... We evolved a variant PylRS-tRNACUA pair that site specifically incorporates Acetyl-lysine into recombinant proteins produced in ... The high resolution structure of acetyl lysine from acetylated cyclophilin (left) showing the experimental density. Right, ... Genetically Directing Ne, Ne dimethyl-L-lysine in Recombinant Histones.. Chem. Biol. 2010 17:1072-1076. D.P. Nguyen, M. Garcia- ...
  http://www2.mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk/ccsb/?page_id=46
*  Chromatin Regulation by Mammalian SIRT7 in Aging and Disease - Katrin Chua
Members of the Sirtuin family of enzymes are important regulators of genomic stability, stress responses, and metabolic ... whereby important acetyl marks are removed from specific lysine residues. Proper regulation of histone acetylation patterns at ... Members of the Sirtuin family of enzymes are important regulators of genomic stability, stress responses, and metabolic ... We recently showed that SIRT7 is a highly selective H3K18Ac (acetylated histone H3 lysine 18) deacetylase that plays a pivotal ...
  http://grantome.com/grant/NIH/I01-BX000286-05
*  Epigenetics: A Molecular Link Between Environmental Factors and Type 2 Diabetes | Diabetes
HDACs remove and histone acetyl transferases (HATs) add acetyl groups to lysine residues on histone tails (12-14). Although, it ... Conserved metabolic regulatory functions of sirtuins. Cell Metab 2008; 7: 104- 112. ... Native lysine residues on histone tails contain a positive charge that can bind negatively charged DNA to form a condensed ... depending on the degree of methylation and the specific lysine and/or arginine residues modified (17,18). Histone ...
  http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/58/12/2718.full?cited-by=yes&legid=diabetes
*  Histone acetylation and deacetylation - Wikipedia
... include HAT domains approximately 160 residues in length and a conserved bromodomain that has been found to be an acetyl-lysine ... Class III contains the Sirtuins and Class IV contains only HDAC11. Classes of HDAC proteins are divided and grouped together ... The mechanism for acetylation and deacetylation takes place on the NH3+ groups of Lysine amino acid residues. These residues ... Acetyl-CoA) to the NH3+ group on Lysine. When a Lysine is deacetylated, factors known as Histone Deacetylases (HDACs) catalyze ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Histone_acetylation_and_deacetylation
*  Histone Deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) Promotes the Pro-survival Activity of 14-3-3ζ via Deacetylation of Lysines within the 14-3-3ζ...
Using immunoprecipitation with acetyl-lysine antibodies followed by LC-MS/MS analysis, we found that several lysines within the ... Lys to Gln mutants at each acetylated lysine residue). Cell lysates ... ... 5A). In contrast, sirtuin inhibitors showed inconsistent effects on Lys49 acetylation. EX-527, a Sirt1 and Sirt2 inhibitor, ... Lysine-to-glutamine (Lys to Gln) mutations at two of these lysines, Lys49 and Lys120, abolish 14-3-3ζ binding activity. In an ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC4432270/
*  Peptide microarray - Wikipedia
Picaud, Sarah; Filippakopoulos, Panagis (2015-08-17). "SPOTing Acetyl-Lysine Dependent Interactions". Microarrays. 4 (3): 370- ... to map an antibody epitope or to find key residues for protein binding. Practical applications are seromarker discovery, ... "Substrate-specific Activation of Sirtuins by Resveratrol". Journal of Biological Chemistry. 280 (17): 17038-17045. doi:10.1074/ ... 124 (2): 315-22, 322.e1-3. doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2009.05.024. PMC 2757036 . PMID 19577281. Linnebacher, M; Lorenz, P; Koy, C; ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peptide_microarray
*  Tau Timing: New Findings on Disease Progression, Clearance | ALZFORUM
Proteins are normally marked for degradation by the addition of ubiquitin to lysine residues, but ubiquitination can be blocked ... Sirtuin 1 reduction parallels the accumulation of tau in Alzheimer disease. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2009 Jan;68(1):48-58. ... if acetyl groups are first added. First author Sang-Won Min and colleagues began by demonstrating that tau can be acetylated by ... Sirtuins--novel therapeutic targets to treat age-associated diseases. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2008 Oct;7(10):841-53. PubMed. ...
  http://www.alzforum.org/news/research-news/tau-timing-new-findings-disease-progression-clearance
*  Evolution and functional cross‐talk of protein post‐translational modifications | Molecular Systems Biology
Examples of such modification enzymes are sirtuins, a family of proteins which deacetylate lysines. Interestingly, sirtuin ... Acetylation on lysines can be catalyzed by Lysine Acetyl Transferases (KATs) but can also occur non‐enzymatically (Weinert et ... lysine acetylation and ubiquitylation has been recently compared (Beltrao et al, 2012). Although lysine residues are overall ... In eukaryotes, sirtuins have radiated into different classes (Frye, 2000), some of which are specific to acetylated lysines but ...
  http://msb.embopress.org/content/9/1/714