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*  MR Imaging of pericardial diseases
... accumulation of excess fluid, causing tamponade, thickening and... ... Patients with large pericardial effusions or cardiac tamponade undergo pericardiocentesis and may require drain placement or ... Numerous noninfectious causes are known as well including mediastinal radiation, connective tissue diseases and myocardial ... The accumulation of excess pericardial fluid can lead to impairment of diastolic filling and subsequently cardiac output known ...
  https://www.appliedradiology.com/articles/mr-imaging-of-pericardial-diseases
*  XI - The Heart Flashcards by Mara Janine Vega | Brainscape
Rapidly developing collections of fluid within the pericardial sac can restrict diastolic cardiac filling producing this fatal ... Accumulation of edema fluid in the alveolar spaces (TOPNOTCH) Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 529 ... A late complication of MI, most commonly results from a large transmural anteroseptal infarct that heals with formation of a ... Mediastinal lymphatic obstruction(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 8th Ed. p. 417 93 ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/xi-the-heart-3864342/packs/5710430
*  https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/treatment/side-effects/cardiopulmonary-hp-pdq
The cardiopulmonary syndromes addressed in this summary are cancer-related dyspnea, malignant pleural effusion, pericardial ... and hemodynamic evidence of cardiac tamponade caused by large pleural effusions. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 151 (3 Pt 1): 904-8 ... Pericardial tamponade results from progressive fluid accumulation in the pericardial sac, causing elevated intrapericardial ... The mediastinal parietal pleura is lateral to the SVC, creating a confined space, and the SVC is adjacent to the right ...
  https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/treatment/side-effects/cardiopulmonary-hp-pdq
*  Week 1 + 2 - intro to CVS and histology Flashcards by Nataya Wathanasin | Brainscape
Can cause acute cardiac tamponade due to accumulation of fluid in the pericardial cavity ... Large veins have diameters > 10mm, thicker tunica intima, no prominent tunica media and a well-developed tunica adventitia ... Covered on each side by mediastinal pleura. - Highly mobile region because it consists of hollow visceral structures, united ... The ability to cope with changes in the cardiac output. - A store of blood that can be called upon to cope with temporary ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/week-1-2-intro-to-cvs-and-histology-3395248/packs/5294448
*  Pericardial disease Flashcards by Sophie Timmis | Brainscape
What is pericardial tamponade? A medical emergency which occurs when a large amount of pericardial fluid which has often ... accumulated rapidly restricts diastolic ventricular filling and causes a marked reduction in cardiac output ... What is pericardial effusion? An accumulation of fluid in the pericardial sac ... Pericardial fluid is dained percutaneously by introducing a needle into the pericardial sac. If the effusion recurs, in spite ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/pericardial-disease-3063602/packs/4805031
*  Number 14-13: Massive pericardial effusion due to cardiac angiosarcoma - Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
A subsequent echocardiogram confirmed a large (4 cm) circumferential pericardial effusion with no evidence of tamponade ... Five days later the patient was readmitted with breathlessness due to re-accumulation of the pericardial effusion. Surgical ... great vessels and surrounding mediastinal structures, consistent with an aggressive primary cardiac angiosarcoma. ... Fig 7. Sagittal cardiac MRI image showing mass compressing the superior vena cava. Large pleural/lung masses are seen at the ...
  http://scmr.org/page/COW1413/Number-14-13-Massive-pericardial-effusion-due-to-cardiac-angiosarcoma.htm
*  Cardiopulmonary Syndromes (PDQ®): Supportive care - Health Professional Information [NCI] - North Kansas City Hospital, Kansas...
Pericardial tamponade results from progressive fluid accumulation in the pericardial sac, causing elevated intrapericardial ... and hemodynamic evidence of cardiac tamponade caused by large pleural effusions. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 151 (3 Pt 1): 904-8 ... The mediastinal parietal pleura is lateral to the SVC, creating a confined space, and the SVC is adjacent to the right ... One-third of patients with pericardial metastases will eventually die from pericardial tamponade.[4] Pericardial involvement ...
  http://www.nkch.org/patients-visitors/health-library/healthwise-document-viewer/?id=ncicdr0000352186
*  Primary Mesothelioma of the Pericardium - PDF
MIesotheliomas of the pericardium are one of the causes of sanguineous pericardial effusion. C(linical and ... Pericardial disease. Usually secondary to systemic or other cardiac diseases. Pericardial fluid accumulations Pericarditis ... FVMA 2015: Diagnosis and Management of Pericardial Disease PERICARDIAL EFFUSION Pathophysiology of Cardiac Tamponade FVMA 2015 ... The pericardial and pleural fluid w-ere similar. The pericardial fluid, however, w-as the more hemorrhagic. A large amount of ...
  http://docplayer.net/1890522-Primary-mesothelioma-of-the-pericardium.html
*  Chylopericardium in a child with IgA nephropathy: a case report | Springer for Research & Development
Background Chylopericardium effusion is characterized by the accumulation of milky effusion in the pericardium. It is often ... If cardiac tamponade ensues, it becomes life-threatening. Herein we describe chylopericardium tamponade in a child with IgA ... while others may be asymptomatic if pericardial fluid accumulation is small [1, 2]. Pericardial effusion may be idiopathic or ... Echocardiography revealed pericardial fluid of 4.6 cm at maximal thickness, suggesting a large volume hydropericardial effusion ...
  https://rd.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12887-018-1101-3
*  Thoracic Trauma - Medical Study Notes For PG Preparation
c) Pericardial tamponade. In a case of patient with shock and distended vein, pericardial tamponade must be differentiated from ... even accumulation of small volume of blood is going to cause significant mechanical obstruction which renders cardiac pump ... If clinical diagnosis is establish, one should use a large bore needle, puncture the anterior chest and the 2nd intercostal ... mediastinal shift and eventually, compression of the opposite lung.. Common causes includes, penetrating chest injuries, blunt ...
  http://medstudynotes.pgpreparation.in/2011/01/thoracic-trauma.html
*  Pericardial Effusion Imaging: Practice Essentials, Radiography, Computed Tomography
Pericardial fluid is considered normal in the absence of pericardial disease if it appears as a homogeneous or echo... ... are quite sensitive and can identify the presence of pericardial fluid even at the normal amount of 15-35 mL. ... In imaging for pericardial effusion (see the images below), echocardiography and tomographic modalities (MRI, CT, EBT) ... chest computed tomography in the aetiological diagnosis of patients presenting with cardiac tamponade or large pericardial ...
  https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/349447-overview
*  Key Words. Mesothelioma Pleural Malignant Treatment Multimodality - PDF
... and mediastinal nodes. The pericardial and diaphragmatic defects are reconstructed with patches to prevent cardiac or abdominal ... tamponade, acute respiratory distress syndrome, cardiac arrest, and empyema. However, as more experience has been gained with ... In a large retrospective series with long follow-up, no survival difference was observed between EPP and P/D patients [90]. ... this procedure has been reported to prevent further fluid accumulation in nearly 80% of cases, although survival prolongation ...
  http://docplayer.net/16929249-Key-words-mesothelioma-pleural-malignant-treatment-multimodality.html
*  Non-small cell lung cancer - Cancer Therapy Advisor
Cardiac tamponade: treat with pericardiocentesis +/- pericardiotomy ("pericardial window").. *. SVC syndrome: consider steroids ... Large mediastinal nodes.. *. Involvement of multiple mediastinal lymph node stations.. *. Involvement of contralateral (N3) ... Due to the accumulation of FDG in normal brain tissue, PET-CT is relatively insensitive for the detection of brain metastases. ... Moderate, large-sized or symptomatic pericardial effusions should be characterized by echocardiography. If cardiopulmonary ...
  https://www.cancertherapyadvisor.com/oncology/non-small-cell-lung-cancer/article/618569/
*  Diagnosis of Heart Failure by History and Physical Examination - The Clinical Advisor
Pleural and pericardial effusions. Accumulation of fluid in body cavities often occurs in patients with heart failure due to ... or in cardiac tamponade, congestive cardiac failure, or shock. ... High volume pulse is a feature of a large stroke volume and is ... In the absence of mediastinal shift from any source including collection of intrathoracic air or fluid, displacement of the ... In acute decompensated heart failure, moderate to large effusions are common.. Pericardial effusions are more common in ...
  https://www.clinicaladvisor.com/cardiology/diagnosis-of-heart-failure-by-history-and-physical-examination/article/584316/
*  Clinical Framework and Medical Countermeasure Use During an Anthrax Mass-Casualty Incident
However, pericardial effusions still can pose a risk of tamponade.*Cardiac tamponade should be considered in dyspneic patients ... had pericardial effusions, and nine (21%) had up to 1.5 liters of ascites (7). Fluid accumulation is not restricted to ... Mortality was 89% for those with confirmed anthrax meningitis (n = 53), which is consistent with another large review of ... Does this patient with a pericardial effusion have cardiac tamponade? JAMA 2007;297:1810-8. ...
  https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr6404a1.htm
*  Erdheim-Chester Disease | SpringerLink
The most frequent heart lesion is pericardial (42 % of the 53 patients), with few cases of tamponade [5, 21]. The myocardium ... Cardiac involvement in Erdheim-Chester disease: magnetic resonance and computed tomographic scan imaging in a monocentric ... 2012;120:2700-3. An important study of a large number of histiocytic disorders with half of ECD and LCH patients tested mutated ... A major radiologic thoracic review of 40 ECD patients describing infiltration into the mediastinal spaces including the ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11926-014-0412-0
*  Pediatric Abdominal and Thoracic Trauma
Pericardial tamponade: fluid or blood accumulates in the pericardial space, and results in muffled heart tones on auscultation ... Establish 2 large bore IV lines for resuscitation; begin with 20cc/kg bolus of crystalloid. The presence of pericardial ... "Great vessel and cardiac trauma". Surg Clin North Am. vol. 89. 2009 Aug. pp. 797-820. ... Pulmonary contusion: hemorrhage into the lung parenchyma with associated accumulation of edema fluid. Manifests as hypoxia, ...
  https://www.clinicalpainadvisor.com/critical-care-medicine/pediatric-abdominal-and-thoracic-trauma/article/587446/
*  Pleural effusions
Mahajan, K. BMJ Case Report Feb 3 2016- Massive right pleural effusion leading to cardiac tamponade in absence of pericardial ... or there was a rapid accumulation. Rarely, pleural effusions may also cause cardiac tamponade even in the absence of a ... It is important to note excursion may only be seen in the presence of a large effusion. ... and is more likely in patients with ipsilateral mediastinal shift seen on imaging. ...
  https://www.psychiatryadvisor.com/hospital-medicine/pleural-effusions/article/602920/
*  Plus it
Cardiac tamponade arises due to equalisation of cardiac pressures leading to impaired biventricular filling. The pericardial ... The next day, an echocardiogram showed a large pericardial effusion and with an INR of 1.8, a pericardial drain was inserted. 2 ... sack has some elasticity which is quickly reached with fluid accumulation. Cardiac volume becomes smaller during systole and ... with contralateral mediastinal lymphadenopathy and pelvic bone metastases. Biopsies from bronchcoscopy showed an adenocarcinoma ...
  http://breathe.ersjournals.com/content/10/4/323
*  Rare Cancer News & Clinical Trials » PubMed - Angiosarcoma
Case Image: Rare cause of recurrent pericardial tamponade: Cardiac angiosarcoma.. Fetched: December 13th, 2017, 5:00am GMT. ... Spontaneous Cavitation and Progressive Accumulation of Air in a Metastatic Mediastinal Lymph Node. ... Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) revealed massive pericardial effusion and also a large mass in the right atrium. The ... Response: Cardiac magnetic resonance in cardiac angiosarcoma-Which contrast-enhancement pattern is typical? ...
  http://news.rare-cancer.org/PubMed_-_Angiosarcoma/
*  www.100K-Certified-Nurses.com David W. Woodruff, MSN, RN, CNS Presented by
Cardiac tamponade 3. Hemothorax 4. False aneurysm 55 CCRN: Test Prep © 2004 Ed4Nurses, Inc. 3. Tamponade a. Etiology i. Post- ... pericardial tamponade is suspected. Which of the following findings is consistent with traumatic tamponade? a. Muffled heart ... Infection b. Pathophysiology i. Accumulation of fluid ii. Decreased contractility iii. ↓ stroke volume, cardiac output, LV ... Mediastinal crepitus f. Diagnosis i. CXR, KUB ii. Esophagogram g. Treatment i. NG decompression ii. Surgical repair h. Leaks ...
  http://textlab.io/doc/23211912/www.100k-certified-nurses.com--david-w.-woodruff--msn--rn..
*  Articles | Section: Signs | System: Cardiac | Radiopaedia.org
... clinical signs associated with pericardial tamponade which is due to an excessive accumulation of fluid within the pericardial ... Porcelain left atrium, also known as coconut left atrium, is a term used when a large part of or the entire left atrial wall ... Snowman sign refers to the configuration of the heart and the superior mediastinal borders resembling a snowman. This is seen ... Cardiac chamber enlargement can be recognised by cardiac contour changes, new or different interfaces with adjacent lung, and/ ...
  https://radiopaedia.org/encyclopaedia/signs/cardiac?page=1
*  TRAUMA (LIFE IN THE ER) William Beaumont Hospital - ppt download
77 Pericardial Effusion or Tamponade. Beck's Triad: hypotension, distended neck veins, and distant heart sounds Tamponade ... despite aggressive resuscitation Severe shock with signs of tamponade Blunt Trauma Cardiac arrest in the EC = blunt traumatic ... Hemorrhage is the main concern so two large bore IVs for fluids followed by blood products Antibiotics if concern for bowel ... accumulation of air under pressure causes shift of the mediastinum resulting in compression of the contralateral lung and great ...
  http://slideplayer.com/slide/234575/
*  Lung Transplant - Cancer Therapy Advisor
Hemodynamic Instability during cardiac manipulation:. Mediastinal manipulation by the surgeon as a part of recipient lung ... One or two large bore (18/16 gauge) peripheral venous catheters plus a central line are essential. A vascular approach ... "Pulmonary tamponade" generally improves greatly with tracheal extubation and the transition from positive pressure ventilation ... approaches to minimize any potential for barotrauma or edema accumulation in the new lung, and provision of anesthesia that ...
  https://www.cancertherapyadvisor.com/anesthesiology/lung-transplant/article/582469/
*  Mesothelioma - Wikipedia
Pericardial mesothelioma[edit]. Pericardial mesothelioma is not well characterized, but observed cases have included cardiac ... and cardiac tamponade. They have also included nonspecific symptoms, including substernal chest pain, orthopnea (shortness of ... If a large amount of fluid is present, abnormal cells may be detected by cytopathology if this fluid is aspirated with a ... Shortness of breath, cough, and pain in the chest due to an accumulation of fluid in the pleural space (pleural effusion) are ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesothelioma