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*  Palmitic acid-induces production of reactive oxygen spe | Open-i
Palmitic acid-induces production of reactive oxygen species in RINm5F insulin-producing cells that overexpress catalase in the ... Objective: Type 2 diabetes is a complex disease that is accompanied by elevated levels of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFAs), ... Objective: Type 2 diabetes is a complex disease that is accompanied by elevated levels of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFAs), ... Figure 4: Palmitic acid-induces production of reactive oxygen species in RINm5F insulin-producing cells that overexpress ...
  https://openi.nlm.nih.gov/detailedresult.php?img=PMC3012172_zdb0011164310004&req=4
*  A narrative review on the similarities and dissimilarities between myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS)...
... palmitic and myristic acid and S-farnesyl-L-cysteine), residue molecules of lipid peroxidation (for example, azelaic acid and ... Therefore sickness behavior may be accompanied by elevated levels of ROS/RNS, which help to eradicate invading pathogens, that ... In summary, while sickness behavior is accompanied by HPA axis activation as part of a CIRS, ME/CFS is accompanied by lowered ... The relation between elevated proinflammatory cytokines and fatigue and fatiguability is well documented [95]. Elevated ...
  https://bmcmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1741-7015-11-64
*  Whole Health Source: The Body Fat Setpoint
... inhibit the effects of palmitic acid (1 mM) indicates that circulating fatty acids (the concentration of which varies at the ... As an elevated HbA1c suggest relative insulin deficiency in this group, then hyperglycaemia appears to be the problem. It's ... meaning that they will be accompanied by albumin-- which means they will not suppress leptin secretion. The ketogenic (high in ... This is because androgens are elevated as well. My sex drive was really boosted after overeating. My wife and I were able to ...
  http://wholehealthsource.blogspot.com/2009/12/body-fat-setpoint.html?showComment=1262750635389
*  Long-term effect of early postnatal overnutrition on insulin resistance and serum fatty acid profiles in male rats | Lipids in...
... and significant increases in the levels of four fatty acids (palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid, oleic acid and arachidonic acid) ... All detectable fatty acids were elevated in the serum of SL pups at weaning compared to NL controls, ... accompanied by decreased mRNA levels for Irs-1 and Glut4. In gastrocnemius muscle, Akt2 and Glut4 mRNA and Glut4 protein levels ... palmitic, palmitoleic and oleic acid in serum at postnatal 16 weeks. Early postnatal overnutrition also resulted in a ...
  https://lipidworld.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12944-015-0094-2
*  Lipid Disturbances in Psoriasis: An Update
... and palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid, and dihomo-. -linolenic acid (DHLA) [57, 58, 62-64]. Some reports, however, do not present ... Elevated levels of apolipoproteins A1 and A2 accompany the intake of alcohol. The level of apoA1 increases also in familiar ... cholesterol ratio and linolenic acid, docosatetraenoic acid, docosapentaenoic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid in the serum was ... In most studies, elevated levels of apoA1, apoB [16, 43], apoC3, and apoE [41, 76-78] were detected in the serum of psoriatic ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/mi/2010/535612/
*  Distinct Effects of Saturated and Monounsaturated Fatty Acids on β-Cell Turnover and Function | Diabetes
Additionally, palmitic acid but not palmitoleic acid decreases the expression of ANT. This is accompanied by increased ... elevated glucose concentrations had only a marginal effect on β-cells apoptosis, whereas exposure to palmitic acid resulted in ... Palmitic acid has a powerful acute insulinotropic effect (32). However, exposure to palmitic acid for 4 days did not increase ... Palmitic acid-induced decrease in ANT expression and cytochrome c release. Exposure of pancreatic islets to palmitic acid, ...
  http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/50/1/69.long
*  Plus it
Palmitic acid induces JNK activation in pancreatic β-cells, resulting in the inhibition of pivotal gene transcription, ... Elevated plasma levels of leptin, an adipokine produced by adipocytes (4), also stimulates the phosphorylation of Ser318. This ... a reaction accompanied by its phosphorylation on Ser residues, which serve as "guardians" of the phosphorylated Tyr residues, ... it was shown that palmitic acid induces JNK activation in pancreatic β-cells, resulting in the inhibition of pivotal gene ...
  http://ajpendo.physiology.org/content/296/4/E581
*  Ceramides in Alzheimer's Disease: Key Mediators of Neuronal Apoptosis Induced by Oxidative Stress and Aβ Accumulation
Namely, in primary rat cortical neurons treated directly with pathological concentrations of saturated free acid, palmitic acid ... V. V. T. S. Prasad, K. Nithipatikom, and D. R. Harder, "Ceramide elevates 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid levels and ... In the postmortem brain increase in HNE is accompanied with depletion in PUFAs [90]. Epidemiological studies suggest that ... Conditioned medium from palmitic acid- (PA-) treated astrocytes upregulates neuronal β-secretase (BACE1) leading to Aβ ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/omcl/2015/346783/
*  Depression and sickness behavior are Janus-faced responses to shared inflammatory pathways | BMC Medicine | Full Text
... palmitic and myristic acid and L-farnesyl S-cysteine, as well as acetylcholine, phosphatidylinositol, oleic acid, and NO- ... Hoes MJ: The clinical significance of an elevated excretion of xanthurenic acid in psychiatric patients. Acta Psychiatr Belg. ... accompanied by sickness behavior) to a chronic inflammatory state (accompanied by depression). ... kynurenic acid, xanthurenic acid, and quinolinic acid. IDO is expressed in many organs, for example, kidney, lung, spleen, and ...
  https://bmcmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1741-7015-10-66
*  DeFibron - Liquid Methylated SFA For Lab/R&D
Inhbition of fatty acid synthase (FAS). Inhibition of fatty acid synthesis in bovine mammary homogenate by palmitic acid is not ... Myristic acid produces anxiolytic-like effects in Wistar rats in the elevated plus maze. - PubMed - NCBI (MP). Serotonin- and ... accompanied by decreased 5HT content and impaired GSIS. Our results suggest that impaired GSIS in β-cells in response to ... Inhbition of fatty acid synthase (FAS). Inhibition of fatty acid synthesis in bovine mammary homogenate by palmitic acid is not ...
  https://raypeatforum.com/community/threads/defibron-liquid-methylated-sfa-for-lab-r-d.17626/print
*  Monounsaturated Fatty Acids Prevent the Aversive Effects of Obesity on Locomotion, Brain Activity, and Sleep Behavior | Diabetes
... elevated free fatty acids may represent an early step in the progression toward type 2 diabetes, and a fatty acid pattern ... 5D and E). As expected, palmitic acid had a minor effect on REM sleep (Fig. 5F), as was demonstrated in the SFA-fed mice (Fig. ... 6A) compared with the MUFA-enriched diet and mice of the control group, and this was accompanied by a slightly increased fasted ... By contrast, the fat content of milk fat is dominated by SFAs, with a high content of palmitic acid (for analysis of fat ...
  http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/61/7/1669.full
*  IJMS | Free Full-Text | Genetic Variation in Safflower (Carthamus tinctorious L.) for Seed Quality-Related Traits and Inter...
... stearic acid, palmitic acid, oleic acid and linoleic acid), the contents of, oil, protein, fiber and ash in its seeds, as well ... Eight different seed quality-related traits including fatty acid composition of seed oil ( ... Finally, cluster 4 contains 2 Mexican genotypes (Mex.13-216 and Mex.17-45) accompanied with GE62918 from Germany. ... elevated at a rate of 5 °C min−1 to 190 °C for 2 min, and then ramped at 5 °C min−1 to the final 240 °C for 8 min. The injector ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/12/4/2664/htm
*  Lipids | Encyclopedia.com
... contains about 7 percent palmitic acid and 2 percent stearic acid. In the Keys and Hegsted formulas stearic acid is viewed as " ... Elevated levels of LDL are a risk factor for heart disease, hence LDL is considered to be a "bad" lipoprotein. Elevated HDL ... Since dietary cholesterol is often accompanied by saturated fat, it is considered prudent to limit its intake. Gertler et al. ( ... The carboxylic acid group of a fatty acid molecule provides a convenient place for linking the fatty acid to an alcohol, via an ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/biochemistry/biochemistry/lipids
*  Inhibition of uncoupling protein 2 with genipin exacerbates palmitate-induced hepatic steatosis | Lipids in Health and Disease ...
We further found that genipin significantly increased the protein expression of fatty acid translocase (FAT)/CD36. These ... We tested this hypothesis in an in vitro model of hepatocytic steatosis in HepG2 cell lines induced by palmitic acid (PA). We ... HepG2 cells were exposed to control medium (A), palmitic acid (PA, 250 μmol/L) (B) and PA plus genipin (5 μmol/L) (C) for 24 h ... and was further elevated by incubating with genipin (p , 0.01, Figure1B).. ...
  https://lipidworld.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1476-511X-11-154
*  Anti-lipoapoptotic effect of Artemisia capillaris extract on free fatty acids-induced HepG2 cells | BMC Complementary and...
Hepatic steatosis was induced by culturing HepG2 cells with a FFAs mixture (oleic and palmitic acid at the proportion of 2:1) ... 100 μg/ml on free fatty acids (FFAs)-induced HepG2 cellular steatosis and lipoapoptosis. ... the patients with NASH show more elevated circulating FFAs than NAFLD people[33]. This high non-esterified circulating FFAs ... extract in this study might be explained as cytoprotective and antiapoptotic effects because this FFAs surplus is accompanied ...
  https://bmccomplementalternmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6882-14-253
*  The High-fat Hep C Diet: October 2013
Palmitic acid will be synthesised, and some palmitic acid will be elongated to oleic acid (because you can't make a ... High linoleic acid decreases PCSK9.. Now, however desirable elevated PCSK9 may be to people with HCV, we don't want to achieve ... Plasma PCSK9 concentrations vary minimally in response to a short term high-fat diet and they are not accompanied with changes ... Indeed, the acetyl-CoA to make fatty acids could have come from fatty acids. (This is what happens with linoleic acid in fatty ...
  http://hopefulgeranium.blogspot.com/2013/10/
*  The High-fat Hep C Diet: Carbs Will Be Carbs, or, The Mystery of The Polyol Pathway
Palmitic acid will be synthesised, and some palmitic acid will be elongated to oleic acid (because you can't make a ... I guess that energy had to go somewhere (is this at all relevant to the claims that potatoes elevate ketones?).. There are ... In normal mice, glucose consumption is accompanied by aldose reductase and polyol pathway activation in steatotic areas. In ... Indeed, the acetyl-CoA to make fatty acids could have come from fatty acids. (This is what happens with linoleic acid in fatty ...
  http://hopefulgeranium.blogspot.com/2013/10/carbs-will-be-carbs-or-mystery-of.html
*  US4933232A - Isocyanate-carboxyl group-containing fatty compounds for manufacture of lignocellulosic composites -...
... the fatty material being at least one polymerized fatty acid and/or at least one polycarboxyl compound containing a polymeric ... lauric acid, caprylic acid, capric acid, myristic acid, palmitic acid, oleic acid, stearic acid, arachidonic acid, behenic acid ... Saturated fatty acids are difficult to polymerize but polymerization can be obtained at elevated temperatures with a peroxidic ... Polymeric fatty acids thus can yield higher molecular weight backbones in the reaction products and accompanying improved ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US4933232A/en
*  The Effects of Tualang Honey on Bone Metabolism of Postmenopausal Women
... and fatty acids such as palmitic acid, ethyl linoleate, and ethyl oleate [35]. Tualang honey is known for its antimicrobial, ... Among this group of honeys, Tualang honey also had the highest ascorbic acid content which may be responsible for the elevated ... Ovariectomy in rats was accompanied by an increase in production of TNF-α and IL-1 [79]. This may influence osteoclastogenesis ... ascorbic acids, vitamins, amino acids, proteins, flavonoids and phenolic acids [32, 33]. These chemical constituents of honey ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2012/938574/
*  MFN1 deacetylation activates adaptive mitochondrial fusion and protects metabolically challenged mitochondria | Journal of Cell...
β-Oxidation of palmitic acid was measured by modifying previously described assays (DeBerardinis et al., 2006). Cells were ... 2B, lane 3). Notably, the formation of the MFN1-HDAC6 complex was accompanied by a marked reduction in MFN1 acetylation (Fig. ... However, we noticed that HDAC6-, MFN1- and OPA1-KO MEFs all showed some degrees of elevated mitochondrial membrane potential ( ... Unlike glycolysis, fatty acids and amino acids must be metabolized in mitochondria through the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA) ...
  http://jcs.biologists.org/content/127/22/4954
*  US7578874B2 - Hot melt inks - Google Patents
... oleic acids; palmitic acid; d-pantothenamide; polyethylene glycol (400) dioleate; polyglycerol esters of fatty acids; ... The wax provides the ink with the property of being solid at room temperature, but liquid at elevated temperatures. The ink can ... The details of one or more embodiments of the invention are set forth in the accompanying drawings and the description below. ... fatty acids; organic esters of fatty acids; calcium salts of fatty acids; mono & diesters of fatty acids; sucrose fatty acid ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US7578874?oq=4168396
*  Dear Mark: Beef Suet, Lowered HR, Alcohol, and Long Easy Runs | Mark's Daily Apple
Suet is mostly palmitic acid (a saturated fat), stearic acid (a saturated fat) and oleic acid (a monounsaturated fat, the same ... Does such light, long-distance training elevate cortisol that much beyond walking for the fit individual? Again, I am not ... These lowered levels are accompanied by lower blood pressure, low pulse rate, and greater parasympathetic nerve activity. In ... In his new book, The Fat Switch, Dr Richard Johnson MD, University of Colorado says beer's brewer's yeast increases uric acid ...
  https://www.marksdailyapple.com/dear-mark-beef-suet-lowered-hr-alcohol-and-long-easy-runs/
*  Patente US7972630 - Injectable bone mineral substitute material - Google Patentes
... material and a biologically compatible oil to a composition the oil is mixed with the powder of implant material at an elevated ... myristic acid (53.4-53.6 C.), palmitic acid (63.8-64.0 C.), stearic acid (70.7 C.), behenic acid (86-86.3 C.) and arachidic ... However, it is important that the mixing of the powdered implant material and oil takes place at an elevated temperature, i.e. ... In order to explain the invention in more detail reference is made to the accompanying drawings in which ...
  http://www.google.es/patents/US7972630?dq=flatulence
*  Immunocytochemical staining for catalase, peroxisomes, | Open-i
Objective: Type 2 diabetes is a complex disease that is accompanied by elevated levels of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFAs), ... With the new H₂O₂-sensitive fluorescent protein HyPer H₂O₂ formation induced by exposure to palmitic acid was determined. ... Objective: Type 2 diabetes is a complex disease that is accompanied by elevated levels of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFAs), ... With the new H₂O₂-sensitive fluorescent protein HyPer H₂O₂ formation induced by exposure to palmitic acid was determined. ...
  https://openi.nlm.nih.gov/detailedresult.php?img=PMC3012172_zdb0011164310002&req=4
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Jason E. Sandler (Translated to Arabic)
Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) Enhances Palmitic Acid- and Glucose-induced Murine Beta Cell Dysfunction and ... Suppressed Th17 expression was accompanied by elevated levels of soluble CD14 (sCD14) and lipopolysaccharide binding protein ( ... nsted acid (HCl) catalyst in aqueous media is investigated. It is shown that CrCl3 is an active Lewis acid catalyst in glucose ... and levulinic acid production from glucose in a cascade of reactions using a Lewis acid (CrCl3) catalyst together with a Brø ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Jason+E._Sandler?language=Arabic