*  Week 3 Resp Flashcards by Adam Little | Brainscape
Inspiration involves diaphragm, external intercostals and accessory respiratory muscles. 33 Define hyperpnoea ... An increase in volume of thoracic cavity (diaphragm and muscle activity) increases elastic cost ... Abdominal muscles, internal intercostals and innermost internal intercostals. Active, uses muscles to increase speed of air ... Elastic recoil of lung tissue when muscles relax. Decrease in lung volume and increased lung pressure. Air flows out. ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/week-3-resp-3838209/packs/3758509
*  Primary Neuromuscular Disease in the ICU - The Clinical Advisor
3. Palpation of accessory respiratory muscles. In cases of severe muscle weakness, palpating accessory muscles may be more ... L - Loss of muscle mass. The loss of muscle mass itself can result in weakness. Conditions that can result in muscle loss ... intercostal and accessory muscles such as the sternocleidomastoid and scalene muscles may blunt typical symptoms of respiratory ... Generalized weakness and respiratory failure due to dysfunction of the peripheral nervous system or muscles. The dysfunction ...
  https://www.clinicaladvisor.com/critical-care-medicine/primary-neuromuscular-disease-in-the-icu/article/586658/
*  Pediatric Oncologic Emergencies - ONA
General anesthesia will remove the increased work of breathing and the accessory respiratory muscles. In addition patient will ... Calcium is used as a signaling molecule in skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, and the central nervous system (among others). Low ... Avoid any sedation which may reduce respiratory effort, or eliminate the use of secondary muscles of respiration. These forces ... The body compensates primarily for intrathoracic mass by increasing use of accessory muscles, applying more force to bypass the ...
  https://www.oncologynurseadvisor.com/critical-care-medicine/pediatric-oncologic-emergencies/article/587376/
*  Emergency Management of Myasthenia Gravis
Use of accessory respiratory muscle in MG patients is an important sign that respiratory effort may not be sustained. However, ... Weak respiratory muscles may suddenly fatigue, producing precipitous respiratory collapse. Elective intubation is preferable to ... can experience respiratory muscle weakness leading to respiratory insufficiency. Pending respiratory failure necessitating ... Check for retraction of supraclavicular fossa and intercostal spaces as indicators of respiratory accessory muscle usage. ...
  http://myasthenia.org/HealthProfessionals/EmergencyManagement.aspx
*  Penn Vet | About Dr. Kubin
Guest Editor of the Special Issue of Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology titled "Accessory Respiratory Muscles, their ... The sleep-related decrements in upper airway muscle activity are caused by state-dependent changes in activity of ... Member of the Editorial Board of Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology. 2003 Organizer and chair of the symposium titled: " ... Co-organizer and faculty at a full-day course titled "Respiratory Neurobiology - What Is the Latest?" during the Annual ...
  http://www.vet.upenn.edu/research/academic-departments/biomedical-sciences/our-research/neuroscience/kubin-laboratory/about-dr-kubin
*  Popping, Cracking, Clicking Sternum (Breastbone) Rib Joint | Healthhype.com
... the intercostal muscles (between the ribs) and accessory respiratory muscles. It would account for the chest pain at the time. ... Muscle spasm may also cause sublaxation of the joint as the degree of flexibility is limited due to 'tight' muscles. This is ... Breathing wont make it hurt, but any kind of flexing of the muscle under a load will make it hurt a little. It might of been ... He is very stubborn and refuses to see a doctor (I'd have to drag him). The last doctor gave him a muscle-relaxant to help him ...
  http://www.healthhype.com/popping-cracking-clicking-sternum-breastbone-rib-joint.html
*  Combined standard medication and acupuncture for COPD: a case series | Acupuncture in Medicine
... respiratory accessory muscle groups are mobilised during ventilation.21 It is thought that increased oxygen consumption caused ... Needling on the acupuncture points which exist on the respiratory muscles causes relaxation of the muscles, which may support ... American Thoracic Society and European Respiratory Society. statement on respiratory muscle testing. Am J Respir Crit Care Med ... 19 We speculate that a similar phenomenon was evoked in the respiratory accessory muscles by needling on the acupuncture points ...
  http://aim.bmj.com/content/30/2/96
*  Pneumonia: Salient Points to Remember & Role of Homeopathy - Arora's Homeopathic Clinic
... use of accessory respiratory muscles; tachycardia or bradycardia; central cyanosis; altered mental status ... Joint and muscle pains. *Unconsciousness, hypothermia and convulsions: especially in severely ill infants or old age patients. ... We are specializing in dealing with skin diseases, respiratory diseases, musculoskeletal disorders and allergic disorders. Our ...
  http://arorasclinic.com/pneumonia-salient-points-remember-role-homeopathy/
*  Lytico-bodig disease - Wikipedia
Diaphragm and respiratory accessory muscles can become paralyzed necessitating mechanical ventilation to facilitate breathing. ... Patient presentations include muscle atrophy, maxillofacial paralysis, inability to speak or swallow and subsequent choking. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lytico-bodig_disease
*  Respiratory Failure in Neuromuscular disease - ONA
Diaphragm: most important muscle of respiration. Innervated by C3-C5. *. Diaphragmatic paralysis → use of accessory muscles. ... High C-spine injury (above C1-C3) → paralysis of all major respiratory muscles (accessory and bulbar muscles spared). Requires ... All can lead to respiratory failure due to decreased pump function of respiratory muscles and ineffective cough. May present as ... Respiratory muscle weakness common. Respiratory failure is uncommon, but may be initial presenting symptom. ...
  https://www.oncologynurseadvisor.com/critical-care-medicine/respiratory-failure-in-neuromuscular-disease/article/585858/
*  Aromatherapy infectiousdisease book by Anthony Roberge - issuu
Such sustained use of accessory muscles is a critical warning sign of impending respiratory failure. • Bubbling or crackling ... Muscle weakness • Stiff neck • Weakness of one arm or leg. There is no specific treatment or vaccine for the disease and ... so the accessory respiratory muscles of the neck and the abdomen will be called into action. This is called "pulling". A person ... A person in early respiratory failure will be using muscles other than the diaphragm to help with the breathing process, ...
  https://issuu.com/anthonyroberge/docs/aromatherapy_infectiousdisease_book
*  Guillain Barre/Miller Fisher Syndrome/Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy - ONA
... steadily increasing signs of respiratory distress include increasing use of accessory muscles, respiratory rate, or arterial ... "Guillain-Barré syndrome in children: clinical course, electrodiagnosis, and prognosis". Muscle Nerve. vol. 15. 1992. pp. 500-6 ... sustained vigilance to the patient's respiratory and cardiac status for signs of respiratory failure or cardiac arrhythmias. ... Cardiac dysrhythmias, respiratory failure, and autonomic instability are the most common and the most serious short-term ...
  https://www.oncologynurseadvisor.com/pediatrics/guillain-barremiller-fisher-syndromechronic-inflammatory-demyelinating-polyneuropathy/article/621806/
*  Regional Distribution of Ventilation to Assess Respiratory Muscle Dysfunction - Tabular View - ClinicalTrials.gov
patients who present orthopnea, recruitment of accessory muscles, abdominal paradox, respiratory dysfunction or dyssynchronous ... All patients which had suspected respiratory muscle dysfunction will have usual exploration of the respiratory muscles ... Regional Distribution of Ventilation to Assess Respiratory Muscle Dysfunction. Official Title Construction of a Database to ... Regional Distribution of Ventilation to Assess Respiratory Muscle Dysfunction (DREM). This study is enrolling participants by ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT01569217
*  Myositis - Cancer Therapy Advisor
Respiratory - Use of accessory muscles to breathe.. 3. Laboratory, radiographic and other tests that are likely to be useful in ... Muscle biopsy (avoid severely weak muscles or muscles that were recently punctured during EMG). ... In patients with more severe weakness, and particularly if there is weakness of the bulbar or respiratory muscles, a quicker ... The muscle fibers become hyperexcitable, leading to spontaneous depolarization and contraction of a single muscle fiber, which ...
  https://www.cancertherapyadvisor.com/hospital-medicine/myositis/article/600024/
*  Hyperphenylalaninemia in Cerebral Malaria - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Abnormal respiration/respiratory distress (use of accessory muscles of respiration, tracheal tugging, intercostal retractions) ... and abnormalities of muscle tone (rigidity, hypotonia) and body posture (decerebrate, decorticate, opisthotonic posturing). ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00338520?recr=Open&cond=%22Protozoan+Infections%22&rank=8
*  Common Causes For Chest Pain During Pregnancy | Healthhype.com
The diaphragm (main respiratory muscle) may not have the same degree of movement and often the accessory respiratory muscles on ... This can cause muscle pain when it has to be sustained for long periods. Ultimately there is some widening of the rib cage ... This is a cardiac chest pain where the blood flow to the heart is momentarily reduced without death of heart muscle like in a ... It is a condition where the heart muscle becomes diseased and weakened. Peripartum cardiomyopathy can become evident up to a ...
  https://www.healthhype.com/common-causes-for-chest-pain-during-pregnancy.html
*  Neuro yr 2 Flashcards - Cram.com
Accessory nerve:. -moves larynx-nuc ambiguous. -moves respiratory accessory muscles- accessory nucleus ... Moves eye- superior rectus, inferior rectus, medial rectus, inferior oblique, levator palpebrae, ciliary muscle, and iris ... Euphoria, constipation, sedation, cough surpression, respiratory depression, nausea and vomiting, tolerance, physical and ...
  http://www.cram.com/flashcards/neuro-yr-2-476608
*  Cycasin - Wikipedia
The disease is fatal in all cases, with the diaphragm and respiratory accessory muscles becoming paralyzed in the later stages ... It is characterized by muscle atrophy, maxillofacial paralysis, inability to speak or swallow, and dementia. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cycasin
*  Acute severe asthma - Wikipedia
... use of accessory respiratory muscles, fast and/or labored breathing, and extreme wheezing. It is a life-threatening episode of ... Complications include cardiac and/or respiratory arrest. It is characterized histologically by smooth muscle hypertrophy and ... These processes lead to airway obstruction by constriction of the smooth muscles, edema of the airways, influx of inflammatory ... "Ketamine versus aminophylline for status asthmatic in children: A randomized, controlled trial." European respiratory journal ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acute_severe_asthma
*  Local anesthetic nerve block - Wikipedia
... will be blocked so this block should only be done on patients who have use of their accessory respiratory muscles. The block ... The saphenous nerve is numbed at the medial part of the lower thigh under the sartorius muscle. The lumbar plexus block is an ... The nerve is located in the gluteus maximus muscle. The popliteal block is done for ankle, achilles tendon, and foot surgery. ... The interscalene block is done at the neck where the brachial plexus emerges between the anterior and middle scalene muscles. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Local_anesthetic_nerve_block
*  Glycogen storage disease type II - Wikipedia
... and poor facial muscle tone. Cardiopulmonary involvement is manifested by increased respiratory rate, use of accessory muscles ... Respiratory failure is the most common cause of death. Enlargement of the heart muscles and rhythm disturbances are not ... One of the first symptoms is a progressive decrease in muscle strength starting with the legs and moving to smaller muscles in ... The usual presenting features are cardiomegaly (92%), hypotonia (88%), cardiomyopathy (88%), respiratory distress (78%), muscle ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glycogen_storage_disease_type_II
*  Respiratory examination - Wikipedia
Pursed-lip breathing Accessory muscle use, including the scalene and intercostal muscles. Diaphragmatic breathing, paradoxical ... Retractions can be supra-sternal, where the accessory muscles of respirations of the neck are contracting to aid inspiration. ... IETE Tech Rev 2013;30:248-56 Respiratory exam - University of Florida Exam of the chest - University of Florida Respiratory ... so that patient does not subconsciously increase their baseline respiratory rate. Signs of respiratory distress may include: ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Respiratory_examination
*  Muscles of respiration - Wikipedia
Use of the accessory muscles while at rest is often interpreted as a sign of respiratory distress. During quiet breathing, ... or respiratory dysfunction (e.g. an asthma attack). The diaphragm is the major muscle responsible for breathing. It is a thin, ... Along with the diaphragm, the intercostal muscles are one of the most important groups of respiratory muscles. These muscles ... "Accessory muscles" refers to muscles that assist, but do not play a primary role, in breathing. There is some controversy ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muscles_of_respiration
*  Diaphragmatic breathing - Wikipedia
... and accessory muscles from prolonged spasm causing stenosis of the major airways leading to an abnormal respiratory pattern. ... respiratory muscle length, and respiratory muscle strength. Specifically, diaphragmatic breathing exercise is essential to ... Shaw, I.; Shaw, B.S. (2014). "The effect of breathing and aerobic training on manual volitional respiratory muscle strength and ... Shaw, B.S.; Shaw, I.; Brown, G.A. (2013). "Concurrent aerobic and resistive breathing training improves respiratory muscle ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diaphragmatic_breathing
*  Spinal cord injury - Wikipedia
Other techniques used to manage respiratory dysfunction include respiratory muscle pacing, use of a constricting abdominal ... Weakness of respiratory muscles impairs the ability to cough effectively, allowing secretions to accumulate within the lungs. ... As SCI patients suffer from reduced total lung capacity and tidal volume, physical therapists teach them accessory breathing ... In the long term, the loss of muscle function can have additional effects from disuse, including atrophy of the muscle. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinal_cord_injury