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*  Incorporating the type and direction information in predicting novel regulatory interactions between HIV-1 and human proteins...
... prediction of new interactions based on the experimentally validated information stored in a HIV-1-human protein-protein ... We have also highlighted some human proteins that are likely to act against the HIV-1 attack. We pose the problem of ... These rules are subsequently utilized to predict some novel interactions among HIV-1 and human proteins. For prediction purpose ... However, these techniques do not predict any regulatory mechanism between HIV-1 and human proteins by considering interaction ...
  https://bmcbioinformatics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2105-15-26
*  Viral protein - Wikipedia
... and groups of viral proteins include structural proteins, nonstructural proteins, regulatory, and accessory proteins. Viruses ... gp160, composed of subunits gp120 and gp41, in the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Viral glycoproteins play a critical role ... Most viral structural proteins are components for the capsid and the envelope of the virus. The genetic material of a virus is ... Viral accessory proteins, also known as auxiliary proteins, are coded for by the genome of retroviruses. Most viral accessory ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viral_protein
*  Cytopathic Mechanisms of HIV-1 | Virology Journal | Full Text
With relatively few proteins made by the virus, it is able to accomplish many tasks, with each protein serving multiple ... The Envelope glycoprotein, composed of the two noncovalently linked subunits, SU (surface glycoprotein) and TM (transmembrane ... This review gathers information on TM in an attempt to shed some light on the functional regions of this protein. ... HIV-1) has been intensely investigated since its discovery in 1983 as the cause of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). ...
  https://virologyj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1743-422X-4-100
*  Viruses | Free Full-Text | Structural and Functional Comparisons of Retroviral Envelope Protein C-Terminal Domains: Still Much...
Of the virally encoded proteins common to all retroviruses, the envelope (Env) displays perhaps the most diverse functionality ... The remaining C-terminal domain may have the most variable functionality of all retroviral proteins. The C-terminal domains ... with these functions mediated by protein domains localized to the exterior of the virus. ... Cosson, P. Direct interaction between the envelope and matrix proteins of HIV-1. EMBO J. 1996, 15, 5783-5788. [Google Scholar] ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/6/1/284/htm
*  Structure and genome of HIV - Wikipedia
... envelope). In addition to these, HIV encodes for proteins which have certain regulatory and auxiliary functions as well. HIV-1 ... and P6 protein. pol codes for viral enzymes reverse transcriptase (RT) and RNase H, integrase (IN), and HIV protease (PR). HIV ... "accessory") genes unique to HIV. The HIV genome contains three major genes, 5'gag-pol-env-3', encoding major structural ... env (for "envelope") codes for gp160, which is cleaved by a host protease, furin, within the endoplasmic reticulum of the host ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Structure_and_genome_of_HIV
*  β-TrCP is dispensable for Vpu's ability to overcome the CD317/Tetherin-imposed restriction to HIV-1 release | Retrovirology |...
HIV-1 counteracts this restriction by expressing the accessory protein Vpu, yet the mechanism of this antagonism is ... we analyzed the consequences of several experimental strategies to interfere with the Vpu-β-TrCP protein-protein interaction. ... Most importantly, Vpu remained active in downregulating CD317 from the cell surface and in overcoming the HIV-1 release ... and HIV-1 release enhancement. We further show a critical role of β-TrCP2, but not of the structurally related β-TrCP1 isoform ...
  https://retrovirology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1742-4690-8-9
*  Genes and Genome of HIV-1 | OMICS International
There are currently various different tests for HIV infections such as HIV antibody test, P24 antigen test, Polymerase chain ... HIV regulatory, accessory proteins and envelope proteins are play a major role in vaccine development. Anti-HIV vaccines have ... and envelope protein. Viral proteins are processed by viral proteases: some of the viral proteins are moved to the host plasma ... revealed that combined vaccine regimen like vaccinia plus gp160 used as booster to induce the neutralizing antibodies (nAbs) ...
  https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/genes-and-genome-of-hiv-2329-9002-2-126.php?aid=27166
*  Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) - wikidoc
env (for "envelope"): Codes for the precursor to gp120 and gp41, proteins embedded in the viral envelope which enable the virus ... Vpx protein (Viral Protein X). Two functions of Vpr in HIV-1 are split between Vpr and Vpx in HIV-2, with the HIV-2 Vpr protein ... During HIV reproduction, the host cell's own enzymes cleave gp160 into gp120 and gp41. See Replication cycle of HIV. ... "accessory") genes that are unique to HIV. The gag gene provides the basic physical infrastructure of the virus, and pol ...
  https://www.wikidoc.org/index.php/HIV
*  Farsictionary, English-Persian (Iranian History Glossary) : HIV
HIV, Iran News, Complete Iranian History, Selection of comprehensive Glossary entries with Alphabetical index and Encyclopedic ... Embedded in the viral envelope are proteins from the host cell and about 70 copies of a complex HIV protein that protrudes ... HIV-2 is much less pathogenic than HIV-1 and is restricted in its worldwide distribution. The adoption of "accessory genes" by ... For example, env codes for a protein called gp160 that is broken down by a cellular protease to form gp120 and gp41. The six ...
  http://1host2u.ir/Y/Wiki.php?eterm=HIV
*  The HDAC6/APOBEC3G complex regulates HIV-1 infectiveness by inducing Vif autophagic degradation | Retrovirology | Full Text
... a key protein for HIV-1 infectivity and in vivo pathogenesis. Vif interacts with and promotes ... HIV-1) has evolved a complex strategy to overcome the immune barriers it encounters throughout an organism thanks to its viral ... Malim MH, Emerman M (2008) HIV-1 accessory proteins-ensuring viral survival in a hostile environment. Cell Host Microbe 3:388- ... envelope (env, catalogue number 5040154) and R5-tropic pCAGGS-SF162-gp160-env (catalogue number 3041817) glycoprotein vectors ...
  https://retrovirology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12977-015-0181-5
*  Opsonization of HIV with Complement Enhances Infection of Dendritic Cells and Viral Transfer to CD4 T Cells in a CR3 and DC...
R5-tropic HIV-1BaL was amplified in macrophages cultures. Virus particles were quantified by measuring p24 HIV protein (HIV-p24 ... Inhibition of HIV-1 infection in vitro by monoclonal antibodies to the complement receptor type 3 (CR3): an accessory role for ... DCs strongly express CR3 (98%) and other molecules that bind HIV directly through the gp120/gp41 envelope, including DC- ... and breast milk contain complement proteins that may allow viral particles to be opsonized (3, 4, 5). Opsonization of HIV-1 ...
  http://www.jimmunol.org/content/178/2/1086.long
*  HLA-F - Wikipedia
Anderson JL, Hope TJ (Apr 2004). "HIV accessory proteins and surviving the host cell". Current HIV/AIDS Reports. 1 (1): 47-53. ... "Molecular analysis of presentation by HLA-A2.1 of a promiscuously binding V3 loop peptide from the HIV-envelope protein to ... "A single amino acid interchange yields reciprocal CTL specificities for HIV-1 gp160". Science. 246 (4926): 118-21. doi:10.1126/ ... "Interactions of HIV-1 proteins gp120 and Nef with cellular partners define a novel allosteric paradigm". Current Protein & ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HLA-F
*  Method for treating a metastatic carcinoma using a conditionally lethal gene - Patent # 5997859 - PatentGenius
... such as HIV tat protein). Thissurface protein can be recognized by a cytotoxic agent, such as antibodies for the reporting ... Torseth, et al., "Native and Recombinant Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 Envelope Protein Induce Human Immune T-Lymphocyte ... and/or CD26 protein in their cell membrane, or from any cell type "engineered" to express such proteins. The resultant virions ... Representative examples of immune accessory molecules include IL-1, IL-2, IL-3, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-9, IL-10, IL- ...
  http://www.patentgenius.com/patent/5997859.html
*  The HIV-1 gp120/V3 modifies the response of uninfected CD4 T cells to antigen presentation: mapping of the specific...
The aim of the present study was to map the specific transcriptional profile invoked by an HIV-1/V3 epitope in uninfected T ... Taken together, these results document a distinct transcriptional profile invoked by the HIV-1/V3 epitope. These data could be ... invaluable to determine the underlying mechanism by which HIV-1 epitopes interfere with uninfected CD4+ T-cell function causing ... The asymptomatic phase of HIV-1 infection is characterized by a progressive depletion of uninfected peripheral effector/memory ...
  https://translational-medicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1479-5876-9-160
*  P110δ - Wikipedia
"Down-regulation of LFA-1-mediated T cell adhesion induced by the HIV envelope glycoprotein gp160 requires phosphatidylinositol- ... "Extracellular HIV-1 Tat protein induces a rapid and selective activation of protein kinase C (PKC)-alpha, and -epsilon and - ... p110α and p110β interact with SH2/SH3-domain-containing p85 adaptor proteins and with GTP-bound Ras. Like the other class IA ... In immune cells, antigen receptors, cytokine receptors and costimulatory and accessory receptors stimulate tyrosine kinase ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P110%CE%B4
*  Buy Modern Utopian Fictions From H. G. Wells To Iris Murdoch 2007
Many new article to HIV( HIV) pact in public actual operations with a essential Chicago-style repository to HIV-1. In 2010, he ... This replication is that envelope in important online board. Its thirteen also economic books have anticipated readers on ... All weaknesses see normalised by appropriate Communist proteins. Tory Lanez is engineered practically with a intact defense, ... I only was the protein that the specifications of this file argued not humoral drugs or badly and about added rallies, and in ...
  http://anthonyflood.com/anarchristian/wp-admin/includes/ebook/buy-Modern-Utopian-Fictions-from-H.-G.-Wells-to-Iris-Murdoch-2007/
*  HIV polynucleotides and polypeptides derived from Botswana MJ4 - Patent application
... produce the expected protein at higher per-cell concentrations than cells containing the native sequences. The HIV proteins can ... Hiv-1 envelope polypeptides for hiv vaccine. 2012-04-05. 2-amino-2- [8-(dimethyl carbamoyl)- 8-aza- bicyclo [3.2.1] oct-3-yl]- ... gp160 derived from wild-type MJ4. The Env protein encoded by this sequence has both V1 and V2 regions deleted and includes a ... For example, T cell populations can be "enriched" from a population of PBLs through the removal of accessory and B cells. In ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20090208530
*  DNA vaccination - Wikipedia
1997). "Potent, protective anti-HIV immune responses generated by bimodal HIV envelope DNA plus protein vaccination". ... 2003). "Novel engineered HIV-1 East African Clade-A gp160 plasmid construct induces strong humoral and cell-mediated immune ... The DNA is injected into cells, whose "inner machinery" uses the DNA to synthesize the proteins. Because these proteins are ... Accessory regions pertaining to the plasmid backbone may engage in a wide range of structural instability phenomena. Well-known ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DNA_vaccination
*  The identification of unique serum proteins of HIV-1 latently infected long-term non-progressor patients | AIDS Research and...
... and plays an integral role in the signaling and secretion of cytokines in response to HIV-1 envelope proteins gp120, gp160, and ... Bennasser Y, Bahraoui E: HIV-1 Tat protein induces interleukin-10 in human peripheral blood monocytes: involvement of protein ... Yamada T, Iwamoto A: Comparison of proviral accessory genes between long-term nonprogressors and progressors of human ... differentially expressed protein in response to HIV-1 infection.. Table 3 Protein Identification of Serum Depleted Samples from ...
  https://aidsrestherapy.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1742-6405-7-21
*  Book Theorie Zufälliger Prozesse 1979
... the course of leading HIV automation might abandon out to write less HIV-infected for documents acknowledging with HIV than ... The best envelope to be these solutions falls to share down the part into well-known lovers and succeed each one in available ... Among the proteins of email rose the active and the British. All Regulators and dynamics of the book Theorie zufälliger ... Two of them will typically say to stretch from going a launch, a class or plotting a uprising if they are in a gp160. In the ...
  http://sixpersimmons.com/pdf/ebook/book-Theorie-zuf%C3%A4lliger-Prozesse-1979/
*  IRRADIATED BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER MICROPARTICLES - Patent application
HIV, RNA-phages, QB-phage (such as coat proteins), GA-phage, fr-phage, AP205 phage, and Ty (such as retrotransposon Ty protein ... from capsid proteins, envelope glycoproteins (such as gB and gH), and tegument proteins [0170] Papovaviruses: [0171] Antigens ... HIV antigens may be selected from gag (p24gag and p55gag), env (gp160 and gp41), pol, tat, nef, rev vpu, miniproteins, ( ... 0505] The term "excipient" refers to any essentially accessory substance that may be present in the finished dosage form. For ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20130101609
*  T-Cell Vaccine Strategies for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the Virus with a Thousand Faces | Journal of Virology
The number of responses to peptide series spanning 10 different natural HIV envelope proteins, including representatives of ... Nevertheless, it is the only HIV protein for which more than half (56%) of the 9-mers in the HIV database global collection ( ... Modifying the HIV-1 env gp160 gene to improve pDNA vaccine-elicited cell-mediated immune responses. Vaccine 26:5083-5094. ... Evidence of differential HLA class I-mediated viral evolution in functional and accessory/regulatory genes of HIV-1. PLoS ...
  https://jvi.asm.org/content/83/17/8300.full
*  Начала Квантовой Механики 1976
... is tidy at leading up ardent HIV. The classes elsewhere welded national ia single of making lymphatic HIV. soon, again really, ... Contact Me He plays that the Muslim Brotherhood should avert Начала квантовой механики 1976 of a able protein, but he shows ... Among his petit proteins in English and Chinese, two of the most Socialist in talking the organisation of IPE in China are ... up are the set of position on the mausoleum and material and responsibility bourgeoisie together taken in the envelope F. ...
  http://anthonyflood.com/anarchristian/wp-admin/includes/ebook/%D0%9D%D0%B0%D1%87%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B0-%D0%BA%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BD%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%BE%D0%B9-%D0%BC%D0%B5%D1%85%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%B8-1976/
*  Correcting the AIDS Lies: HIV Kills T cells...and doesn't need help to do it
HIV can only infect CD4+ cells as that is what its envelope proteins (gp120 and gp41) bind to. It will come as no surprise to ... If it's 'all (or mostly) in the gp120**' (plus another 'accessory protein'** in tandem) effecting the disappearance of the CD4 ... we simply don't know if gp160 is directly coded or not by some human genomes.. All this takes us very far from lytic cell ... I haven't even started on the accessory proteins of HIV). The immune response to the virus will, of course, attack the immune ...
  http://aidsmyth.blogspot.com/2009/06/hiv-kills-t-cellsand-doesnt-need-help.html
*  Adaptive Immunity Ebook - Ormed Medical Exchange
The spectrum of vaccine strategies against HIV includes HIV-derived peptides or proteins, the use of... ... This problem is compounded by the fact that the envelope E1E2 proteins, the natural targets for the Vn response, are two of the ... As summarized in Table I, soluble HIV Tat protein has been reported to have a wide range of potentially deleterious effects on ... However, they differ with regard to the molecular weight of their proteins, as well as having differences in their accessory ...
  https://www.ormedmedical.us/adaptive-immunity.html