*  Dehydration and fluid volume kinetics before major open abdominal surgery
Introduction: Assessment of dehydration in the preoperative setting is of potential clinical value. The present study uses urine analysis and plasma volume kinetics, which have both been validated against induced changes in body water in volunteers, to study the incidence and severity of dehydration before open abdominal surgery begins. Methods: Thirty patients (mean age 64 years) had their urine analysed before major elective open abdominal surgery for colour, specific weight, osmolality and creatinine. The results were scored and the mean taken to represent a dehydration index. Thereafter, the patients received an infusion of 5ml/kg of Ringers acetate intravenously for over 15min. Blood was sampled for 70min and the blood haemoglobin concentration used to estimate the plasma volume kinetics. Results: Distribution of fluid occurred more slowly (Pless than0.01) and the elimination half-life was twice as long (median 40min, not significant) in the 11 patients (37%) diagnosed to be moderately ...
  http://liu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:766849
*  Postoperative pulmonary complications following major elective abdominal surgery: a cohort study | Perioperative Medicine |...
This prospective multicentre cohort study investigated pulmonary complications in an unselected cohort following major elective abdominal surgery. The data set was internally and independently validated. The incidence of PPC was 11.9 %. PPC were associated with preoperative and intraoperative risk factors. Despite the small cohort, the development of PPC had a significant impact on length of hospital stay and 30-day outcomes. The mortalities within our cohort were exclusively in patients with a PPC. Cause of death was not examined as part of the study, and thus, we were unable to infer causality; however, length of stay and outcomes data support the morbidity secondary to PPC.. PPC have been estimated by both retrospective cohort studies and in randomised controlled trials (Seiler et al. 2009; Hemmes et al. 2014; Niggebrugge et al. 1999; Treschan et al. 2012; Holte et al. 2007; Squadrone et al. 2005; Pöpping et al. 2008). This has produced a wide disparity in the reported incidence of PPC. The ...
  https://perioperativemedicinejournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13741-016-0037-0
*  Incisions for open abdominal surgery
The success of any open surgical procedure requires, in part, a wisely chosen incision based upon sound anatomic principles.Incisions for open abdominal surgery will be reviewed here. Closure of the abdominal wall and complications of abdominal wall
  http://www.uptodate.com/contents/clinical-features-pathology-and-prognostic-factors-for-oligodendroglial-tumors/abstract/2
*  A Pharmacokinetic (PK) Study of Extended-Release Epidural Morphine in Upper Abdominal Surgery - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials...
The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of lidocaine/epinephrine test dose administration on the PK profile of a single epidural dose of DepoDur (extended-release epidural morphine) in patients undergoing major upper abdominal surgery. A secondary objective was to evaluate the safety and efficacy profile ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00728832
*  IJMS | Free Full-Text | Nrf2-Knockout Protects from Intestinal Injuries in C57BL/6J Mice Following Abdominal Irradiation with γ...
Radiation-induced intestinal injuries (RIII) commonly occur in patients who suffer from pelvic or abdominal cancer. Nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a key transcriptional regulator of antioxidant, and the radioprotective role of Nrf2 is found in bone marrow, lung, and intestine, etc. Here, we investigated the effect of Nrf2 knockout on radiation-induced intestinal injuries using Nrf2 knockout (Nrf2−/−) mice and wild-type (Nrf2+/+) C57BL/6J mice following 13 Gy abdominal irradiation (ABI). It was found that Nrf2 knockout promoted the survival of irradiated mice, protected the crypt-villus structure of the small intestine, and elevated peripheral blood lymphocyte count and thymus coefficients. The DNA damage of peripheral blood lymphocytes and the apoptosis of intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) of irradiated Nrf2−/− mice were decreased. Furthermore, compared with that of Nrf2+/+ mice, Nrf2 knockout increased the number of Lgr5+ intestinal stem cells (ISCs) and their daughter
  http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/18/8/1656
*  Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Abdominal Infection | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College of Physicians
To the editor: I found Bell and colleagues' article (1) to be timely, because the problem they discuss is distressingly common in the hospital. The data are not particularly surprising but do represent an excellent summary.. As a consultant gastroenterologist, I am particularly interested to learn that the sites of infection found at autopsy of patients with bacteremia included seven peritoneal abscesses. Typically, such a patient has a paralytic ileus with vague and shifting abdominal findings. What to do! As the authors point out, the patient's condition is often so precarious as to preclude some diagnostic maneuvers.. What methods have ...
  http://annals.org/aim/article-abstract/697701/respiratory-distress-syndrome-abdominal-infection
*  Pain of the lower abdomen (aft - Treatment with chinese herbs for Pain of the lower abdomen (aft symptoms
Pain of the lower abdomen (aft Lower abdominal distension (during menstruation), , Acute pain in the flanks, Acute pain in the sides, , pain of the lower abdomen (aft
  http://www.tcmassistant.com/symptoms/pain-of-the-lower-abdomen-after-childbirth.html
*  A-Part® Gel as Adhesion Prophylaxis After Major Abdominal Surgery Versus a Non-treated Group - Tabular View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Primary Objective:. • first assessment of the safety of applying A-Part® Gel as adhesion prophylaxis after major abdominal surgery by specific observation of two major complications of abdominal surgery (wound healing impairment, and/or postoperative peritonitis) in comparison to a control group.. Secondary Objectives:. ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT00646412
*  Effect of emergency major abdominal surgery on CD4 cell count among HIV positive patients in a sub Saharan Africa tertiary...
This study set out to investigate the influence of emergency major abdominal surgery on CD4 count among HIV positive patients. We found that major surgery did not significantly reduce CD4 count.. The exact mechanism of CD4 reduction is said to be due to several factors; cell lysis, autoimmune mechanism, anergy, effect of super antigens, apoptosis and virus specific immune responses [6].. Auto immune responses may be evoked by shared structural homology between MHC class II molecules and cellular humoral immune responses directed towards HIV proteins which cross react against self HLA antigens on T cells causing immune destruction.. The role of anergy in CD4 dysfunction is by binding of the glycoprotein 120 to CD4.. Molecules causing them to be refractory to further stimulation and destruction by HIV.. Super antigens are microbial or viral antigens capable of activation of many T-cells, in HIV infection; they render T-cells more susceptible to HIV.. All these factors are worsened by stress which ...
  https://bmcsurg.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2482-13-4
*  Pain on both sides of lower abdomen early pregnancy - Pregnancy Blog
If you are involved in a car accident, please call the office immediately. High levels of stress hormones in the mother's body reduce oxygen to the uterus. Misdiagnosed Miscarriages are fairly common. Due to the pressure exerted by the uterus, urination are still very frequent. Pinky pregnancy second showing early. A large of people has been benefited by getting liposuction done by them. As you do not see any symptoms or signs pain on both sides of lower abdomen early pregnancy pregnancy then it is possible that pain in breast is due to PMS or you are closer to getting your periods. Being a spiritual person is synonymous with being a person whose highest priority is to be loving to ahdomen and others. Your pain on both sides of lower abdomen early pregnancy bet is to follow her lead. It's no easy journey. I was shocked to find out that I was pregnant again just 4 months after the ectopic. Antihistamines and topical steroids may be used to treat pruritus, and systemic ...
  http://anocial.com/pain-pregnancy/pain-on-both-sides-of-lower-abdomen-early-pregnancy.html
*  Waiting on 1st PET scan ODD Situation | Cancer Survivors Network
Hi. New to the board, so wish I found it sooner! I was diagnosed with Anal Cancer Apr 13, 2011, one day before my 50th birthday! I was also diagnosed with a severe abdominal infection and 2 major fistulas (due to the infection from that dang mesh). Anyway I did the myomiticin and 5-FU and radiation treatments for 6 weeks. 2 weeks after my diagnoses and just before my treatments I had a temporary diverting colostomy.. The thing is they could never really stage my cancer. They felt it was stage 3 or earlier because when they did the CAT scan I had enlarged lymph nodes in my groin, but they could not determine whether it was cancer or if it was the infection, so they just treated it like it was cancer (a couple of nodes had pinpoint radiation due to the size). IF they did a PET scan at the beginning they said my whole abdominal area would light up because of the infection, then the inflammation from surgeries..etc, so MY FIRST PET SCAN WAS TODAY!!!! My surgeon repaired the fistulas in November 2011 ...
  https://csn.cancer.org/node/242340
*  Abdomen sensitivity and Breathing difficulties and Lower abdomen inflammation - Symptom Checker - check medical symptoms at...
List of causes of Abdomen sensitivity and Breathing difficulties and Lower abdomen inflammation, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
  http://wrongdiagnosis.com/cosymptoms/abdomen-sensitivity/breathing-difficulties/lower-abdomen-inflammation.htm
*  Abdomen rash and Hand and foot rashes in children and Lower abdomen tingling - Symptom Checker - check medical symptoms at...
List of 50 causes for Abdomen rash and Hand and foot rashes in children and Lower abdomen tingling, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
  http://wrongdiagnosis.com/cosymptoms/abdomen-rash/hand-and-foot-rashes-in-children/lower-abdomen-tingling.htm
*  Pregnancy. Having thyroid problem, pain in lower abdomen. Given pubergen. Is pain normal? - Doctor's insight on HealthcareMagic
Question - Pregnancy. Having thyroid problem, pain in lower abdomen. Given pubergen. Is pain normal?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Abdominal pain, Ask an OBGYN, Maternal and Fetal Medicine
  http://www.healthcaremagic.com/questions/Pregnancy-Having-thyroid-problem-pain-in-lower-abdomen-Given-pubergen-Is-pain-normal/372854
*  Post-operative gas pains - pg.2 | allnurses
Page 2 - What are the best ways to relieve post-operative gas pains from laproscopic surgeries and open abdominal surgeries. Some of our kiddos even complain of pain in the neck/shoulders where the gas has
  http://allnurses.com/pediatric-nursing/post-operative-gas-813641-page2.html
*  Trying to conceive. Had pills. Pregnancy test- negative. Lower abdomen pains. Why is it? - Doctor's insight on HealthcareMagic
Question - Trying to conceive. Had pills. Pregnancy test- negative. Lower abdomen pains. Why is it?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Abdominal pain, Ask an OBGYN, Gynecologic Oncology
  http://www.healthcaremagic.com/questions/Trying-to-conceive-Had-pills-Pregnancy-test--negative-Lower-abdomen-pains-Why-is-it/398993
*  Twinges in lower abdomen, sore uterus, pressure in head. Had unprotected sex. What are the pregnancy chances? - Doctor's...
Question - Twinges in lower abdomen, sore uterus, pressure in head. Had unprotected sex. What are the pregnancy chances?. Ask a Doctor about Uterus, Ask an OBGYN, Maternal and Fetal Medicine
  http://www.healthcaremagic.com/questions/Twinges-in-lower-abdomen-sore-uterus-pressure-in-head-Had-unprotected-sex-What-are-the-pregnancy-chances/305599
*  Lower abdomen pain radiating to the ribs, feel bloated. X ray , blood normal. IBS ? - Doctor's insight on HealthcareMagic
Question - Lower abdomen pain radiating to the ribs, feel bloated. X ray , blood normal. IBS ?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Gastritis, Ask a Gastroenterologist
  http://www.healthcaremagic.com/questions/Lower-abdomen-pain-radiating-to-the-ribs-feel-bloated-X-ray-blood-normal-IBS/301719
*  Is pain in the lower abdomen normal at 17 weeks? - BabyandBump
This is my first pregnancy and I am experiencing some pain in my lower abdomen I am 17 weeks along and just want to get advice as to if it is normal or not. I just saw my baby boy during an ultrasound
  http://babyandbump.momtastic.com/pregnancy-second-trimester/1199779-pain-lower-abdomen-normal-17-weeks.html
*  Lower Abdomen Pain - Having Pain In My Lower | Practo Consult
24 yrs old Male asked about Lower abdomen pain, 1 doctor answered this and 18 people found it useful. Get your query answered 24*7 only on | Practo Consult
  https://www.practo.com/consult/lower-abdomen-pain-having-pain-in-my-lower-abdomen-above-penis-when-my-penis-gets-hard-br-want-to-know-cause-and-why/q
*  Burning in Lower Abdomen: Causes and Treatment | New Health Advisor
Burning in lower abdomen can be caused by several conditions, including appendicitis, pelvic inflammation disease and others. Seek medical help and do not diagnose by yourself.
  http://www.newhealthadvisor.com/burning-in-lower-abdomen.html
*  abdominal region
... definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it up now!
  http://www.dictionary.com/browse/abdominal-region
*  Chronic psoriasis-like leg rash and Face rash and Lower abdomen tingling - Symptom Checker - check medical symptoms at...
List of 26 causes for Chronic psoriasis-like leg rash and Face rash and Lower abdomen tingling, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
  http://wrongdiagnosis.com/cosymptoms/chronic-psoriasis-like-leg-rash/face-rash/lower-abdomen-tingling.htm