*  670.5. Animals of California Declared to Be Endangered or Threatened | CVMA | California Veterinary Medical Association
Title 14 - Natural Resources. §670.5. Animals of California Declared to Be Endangered or Threatened.. The following species and subspecies are hereby declared to be endangered or threatened, as indicated:. (a) Endangered:. (1) Crustaceans:. (A) California freshwater shrimp (Syncaris pacifica). (B) Shasta crayfish (Pacifastacus fortis). (2) Fishes:. (A) Bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus). (B) Mohave tui chub (Gila bicolor mohavensis). (C) Owens tui chub (Gila bicolor snyderi). (D) Bonytail (Gila elegans). (E) Colorado squawfish (Ptychocheilus lucius). (F) Lost River sucker (Deltistes luxatus). (G) Modoc sucker (Catostomus microps). (H) Shortnose sucker (Chasmistes brevirostris). (I) Razorback sucker (Xyrauchen texanus). (J) Desert pupfish (Cyprinodon macularius). (K) Owens pupfish (Cyprinodon radiosus). (L) Unarmored threespine stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus william soni). (M) Winter run chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). (N) Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) south of San ...
  https://cvma.net/resources/animals-medicine-diseases/veterinary-care-of-illegal-wildlife/%C2%A7670-5-animals-of-california-declared-to-be-endangered-or-threatened/
*  Spatial covariation of microbial community composition and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon concentration in a creosote-polluted...
article{76d93444-52bd-4e4a-9e48-97e8ab47fe24, abstract = {Little is known about the spatial connection between soil microbial community composition and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) concentration. A spatially explicit survey at a creosote-contaminated site demonstrated that microbial biomass (total concentration of phospholipid fatty acids [PLFAs]) and microbial community composition (PLFA fingerprints) were spatially autocorrelated, mostly within a distance of 25 m, and covaried with PAH concentrations. The concentration of PLFAs indicative of gram-negative bacteria (16:1 omega 7c, 16:1 omega 7t, 18:1 omega 7, cy17:0, and cy19:0) increased in the PAH hot spots, whereas PLFAs representing fungi and gram-positive bacteria (including actinomycetes) were negatively correlated to PAH concentrations. Most PLFAs were spatially autocorrelated, with distances varying between 4 and 25 m. Those PLFAs that increased in PAH-contaminated soil had autocorrelation ranges between 4 and 16 m, whereas the ...
  https://lup.lub.lu.se/search/publication/1206430
*  Beer-drinking ladyboy fish can live out of water • The Register
Scientists deep in the jungles of Central America have discovered a type of fish which can live happily for months out of water, in a development with enormous consequences for the English language.. Reuters reports that groups of Rivulus marmoratus, "a type of small tropical killifish" can live for long periods without water inside mangrove logs. It seems that the three- to five-inch-long paradoxical piscines are often found in other non-traditional fish habitats such as "coconut shells or even old beer cans".. Scott Taylor of the Brevard County Environmentally Endangered Lands Program in central Florida spoke to Reuters from his camp in the mangrove swamps of Belize.. "We kicked over a log and the fish just came tumbling out," he said, suggesting that in fact finding a fish out of water was as easy as falling off a log.. Taylor apparently said that the fish can survive for up to 66 days out of water without eating (perhaps by drinking beer).. The fish are notable for other characteristics ...
  http://www.theregister.co.uk/2007/11/16/last_stand_of_the_metaphors_vs_ladyboy_bicyclist_fish/
*  Novel trophic niches drive variable progress towards ecological speciation within an adaptive radiation of pupfishes - Martin -...
Adaptive radiation is recognized by a rapid burst of phenotypic, ecological and species diversification. However, it is unknown whether different species within an adaptive radiation evolve reproductive isolation at different rates. We compared patterns of genetic differentiation between nascent species within an adaptive radiation of Cyprinodon pupfishes using genotyping by sequencing. Similar to classic adaptive radiations, this clade exhibits rapid morphological diversification rates and two species are novel trophic specialists, a scale-eater and hard-shelled prey specialist (durophage), yet the radiation is ,10 000 years old. Both specialists and an abundant generalist species all coexist in the benthic zone of lakes on San Salvador Island, Bahamas. Based on 13 912 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), we found consistent differences in genetic differentiation between each specialist species and the generalist across seven lakes. The scale-eater showed the greatest genetic differentiation ...
  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mec.12658/full
*  "Demonstration of Toxicity to Fish and to Mammalian Cells by Pfiesteria" by Joann M. Burkholder, Andrew S. Gordon et al.
Toxicity and its detection in the dinoflagellate fish predators Pfiesteria piscicida and Pfiesteria shumwayae depend on the strain and the use of reliable assays. Two assays, standardized fish bioassays (SFBs) with juvenile fish and fish microassays (FMAs) with larval fish, were compared for their utility to detect toxic Pfiesteria. The comparison included strains with confirmed toxicity, negative controls (noninducible Pfiesteria strains and a related nontoxic cryptoperidiniopsoid dinoflagellate), and P. shumwayae strain CCMP2089, which previously had been reported as nontoxic. SFBs, standardized by using toxic Pfiesteria (coupled with tests confirming Pfiesteria toxin) and conditions conducive to toxicity expression, reliably detected actively toxic Pfiesteria, but FMAs did not. Pfiesteria toxin was found in fish- and algae-fed clonal Pfiesteria cultures, including CCMP2089, but not in controls. In contrast, noninducible Pfiesteria and cryptoperidiniopsoids caused no juvenile fish mortality in SFBs
  https://digitalcommons.odu.edu/biology_fac_pubs/99/
*  Preputial mucosa - Wikipedia
The preputial mucosa of the penis is the epithelium of the inside of the prepuce, or foreskin. To differentiate it from the cutaneous skin of the outside of the prepuce, it is sometimes referred to as the inner mucosa. It starts at the ridged band of the prepuce and continues to the coronal sulcus (groove behind the glans penis), where it meets the epithelium of the glans and penile shaft. The preputial mucosa is devoid of hair, as is the cutaneous surface. Weiss et al. (1993) report the preputial mucosa contains fewer Langerhans cells than most mucosal epithelia. These cells secrete cytokines (a non-antibody protein that generates an immune response on contact with specific antigens), and are an essential part of the immune system. Fleiss et al. (1998) point out that Weiss et al. (1993) studied foreskins of neonates and their findings may not be applicable to adults. De Witte et al. (2007) report that Langerhans cells produce Langerin. Langerin inhibits the infection of T-cells with HIV-1. Dinh ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Preputial_mucosa
*  What is CREST Syndrome?
CREST Syndrome is an older name for what is currently known as Scleroderma Disease. The pneumonic CREST referred to the symptoms and complications most commonly associated with the disease. These are: Calcinosis, Raynaud's Phenomenon, Esophageal Dysfunction, Sclerodactility, and Telangiectasias.. The following identify the main features of teh CREST pneumonic identifying the most common signs and symptoms of Scleroderma Disease:. Calcinosis, refers to excessive calcium deposits under the skin.. Raynaud's Phenomenon, which causes spasms in the blood vessels, often in the hands and sometimes in the feet.. Esophageal Dysfunction, poor swollowing abilities and regurgitation (based on the US spelling of esophagus).. Sclerodactyly, which is a localized thickening and tightening of the cutaneous (skin) layers of the fingers and toes.. Telangiectasias, which are small ruptured blood vessels on the cutaneous surface.. ...
  http://www.emergencymedicalparamedic.com/what-is-crest-syndrome/
*  PRESSURE-VOLUME RELATIONSHIP OF THE FUNDULUS EGG IN SEA WATER AND IN SUCROSE | JGP
Upon activation, an internal hydrostatic pressure develops within the Fundulus egg, and compresses the egg proper to a reduced volume. When the perivitelline pressure is abolished by a highly hypertonic sucrose solution, the egg volume increases. As sucrose penetrates the chorion, the volume again decreases. The relation between P and V in these conditions is inverse, and approximates a rectangular hyperbola. The limiting factor causing most of the deviation is shown to be the incompressible fraction. It is concluded that the volume of the egg proper is controlled by the perivitelline pressure, and that the effect of hypertonic sucrose solution is exerted by lowering the pressure and thereby increasing membrane permeability non-specifically. It is also shown that some permanent alterations occur within the plasma membrane during activation that reduce the permeance, and thereby, increase the incompressible fraction.. ...
  http://jgp.rupress.org/content/40/1/91
*  Characteristics and mechanisms of extremity injuries caused by mine blasts in shoals. - Semantic Scholar
BACKGROUND The characteristics of explosion in water are different from those in air and vary in different water depths. It is important to investigate the characteristics and mechanisms of extremity injuries caused by mine blasts in shoals. METHODS A total of ninety New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into four groups put in different depths of water (land group, midpoint of the thigh in the shoal 1 group, the xiphoid process in the shoal 2 group, and control group). Electric detonators simulating mines were placed under the rabbits' right hindpaw. After detonation, the animals were subjected to morphological examination. RESULTS The lower third of the calf was almost completely destroyed by the mine blast on land, and only the rabbits' feet and ankles were destroyed in shoals. The skeleton, artery and sciatic nerve were injured more seriously in shoals than those on land. CONCLUSION Mine blasts in shoals caused less disruption of the soft tissue than those on land. However, the skeleton
  https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Characteristics-and-mechanisms-of-extremity-injuri-Han-Wang/3a9b949d9b7a7b009ed42074ac9d0ba7fa883803
*  Talk:Shoal Cave - Bulbapedia, the community-driven Pokémon encyclopedia
When exactly do the Shoal Salt and Shoal Shells regenerate? The article seems to imply that they only reappear after crafting a Shell Bell, but I don't believe this is true from my experience. I currently have 2 Shoal Salt and 2 Shoal Shells in my Bag in Emerald (I sent the others to Gen IV), yet I can still find Shoal Shells. (Unfortunately, my battery is dead, so I can't check exactly when the items regenerate.) In-game, the old man seems to imply that the items reappear daily, but it's possible they appear with every tide change. Worth noting that this could differ between RSE and ORAS too. --SnorlaxMonster 03:59, 20 July 2017 (UTC) ...
  https://bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net/wiki/Talk:Shoal_Cave
*  Eco-Evo Evo-Eco: August 2016
In the paper, my co-authors and I suggest two potential mechanisms that may have prevented Gyrodactylus from influencing the guppy-Rivulus interaction. First, the coexistence between guppies and Rivulus has been commonly viewed as a balance between predation and competition, with guppies being the better competitors, but large adult Rivulus actively preying upon juvenile guppies. So, although we did find a trend for a decrease in growth of Rivulus in the presence of size-matched guppies, this was not significantly different from the Rivulus-only control. It is possible that under these experimental conditions competition is lessened due to relatively low fish density per mesocosms; however, an alternative possibility is that Rivulus grow larger than guppies and shift their diet towards terrestrial prey that are too large for guppies to eat, releasing them from resource competition. Indeed, at the end of the experiment Rivulus in the mixed-species treatment were almost three times larger than ...
  http://ecoevoevoeco.blogspot.fi/2016/08/
*  Scents and scents-ability: pollution disrupts chemical social recognition and shoaling in fish | Proceedings of the Royal...
In order to test the effects of 4-NP on banded killifish social recognition by chemical cues, we studied the behaviour of test fish in a flow channel. The flow channel was made of Perspex and measured 71×38×20 cm (L×W×D). Mesh barriers were used to create a central compartment measuring 34×38×20 cm (L×W×D) within the flow channel itself. We distributed a thin layer of sand as a substrate in this central compartment. Water flowed into the channel at two points, the top left and the top right corners, from two 15 l reservoir buckets at a rate of 380±20 ml min−1 at each point. The water drained out of the flow channel at the bottom left and the bottom right corners through holes drilled into the walls. This had the effect of creating two parallel currents within the channel. Baffles placed at right angles to the current served to constrain the two streams. We repeatedly tested the flow patterns using water-borne dye and found that the dye streams remained separate for the full length of ...
  http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/275/1630/101
*  Profile for Naomi Ehrich Leonard
She led a large, collaborative, multidisciplinary Adaptive Sampling and Prediction project on the development and demonstration, in Monterey Bay, CA in 2006, of an automated and adaptive ocean observing system consisting of a coordinated network of underwater robotic vehicles that move about on their own and carry sensors to collect scientific data about the ocean. She has collaborated with biologists to study the mechanisms that explain the collective dynamics of animal groups, including killifish, honeybees, caribou, and starlings, and to explain human decision-making under uncertainty. In 2010 she co-created Flock Logic, an art-making project that explored what happens when dancers carry out the mathematical rules for dynamic response used to model flocking birds ...
  http://www.princeton.edu/~naomi/shortprofile.html
*  Panchax - definition of panchax by The Free Dictionary
Define panchax. panchax synonyms, panchax pronunciation, panchax translation, English dictionary definition of panchax. n. Any of several small, brightly colored killifishes of the genus Aplocheilus and related genera chiefly of Africa and Asia, often kept in home aquariums....
  http://www.thefreedictionary.com/panchaxes
*  Muscle Shoals Police Need Help Locating Money Thief | WHNT.com
Muscle Shoals, Ala. (WHNT) - Police in Muscle Shoals need help identifying and locating the man in these surveillance pictures. Police believe he is responsible for robbing Always Money on Woodward Avenue in Muscle Shoals.
  http://whnt.com/2014/01/23/muscle-shoals-police-need-help-locating-theft/
*  Slaughterbox - The Ubiquity of Subjugation (2011) - Metal Kingdom
A Studio album. Release date: 2011-11-07. Genres: Technical Death Metal, Brutal Death Metal. Labels: Amputated Vein Records. Rating: 87.2/100. Songs: The Head Table, Judas Kiss, Arrogance and the Loss of Human Dignity, Pfiesteria Piscicida, Fit for Human Consumption, Manifest Destiny of the New World Order, The Ubiquity of Subjugation...
  http://www.metalkingdom.net/album/slaughterbox-the-ubiquity-of-subjugation-52863
*  Melamphaes hubbsi
Maul, G.E., 1990. Melamphaidae. p. 612-618. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4502 ...
  http://www.fishbase.se/summary/9052
*  Evaluation of PCB bioacumulation by Lumbriculus variegatus in field‐collected sediments on Environmental XPRT
Article Evaluation of PCB bioacumulation by Lumbriculus variegatus in field‐collected sediments. Review of data from several contaminated sediment sites suggested that biota‐sediment accumulation factors (BSAFs) declined with increasing contaminant c...
  https://www.environmental-expert.com/articles/evaluation-of-pcb-bioacumulation-by-lumbriculus-variegatus-in-field-collected-sediments-358703
*  Research Project Publication Details | A High Throughput Zebrafish Embryo Gene Expression System for Screening Endocrine...
Burnett KG, Bain LJ, Baldwin WS, Callard GV, Cohen S, Di Giulio RT, Evans DH, Gomez-Chiarri M, Hahn ME, Hoover CA, Karchner SI, Katoh F, MacLatchy DL, Marshall WS, Meyer JN, Nacci DE, Oleksiak MF, Rees BB, Singer TD, Stegeman JJ, Towle DW, Van Veld PA, Vogelbein WK, Whitehead A, Winn RN, Crawford DL. Fundulus as the premier teleost model in environmental biology: opportunities for new insights using genomics. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part D: Genomics and Proteomics 2007;2(4):257-286 ...
  https://cfpub.epa.gov/ncer_abstracts/index.cfm/fuseaction/display.publications/abstract/6243
*  2013 Great Shoals Circle, Lawrenceville, GA 30045 - MLS# 5853391 | CENTURY 21
Home for Sale: 3,457 sq. ft., 5 bed, 4 full bath house located at 2013 Great Shoals Circle, Lawrenceville, GA 30045 on sale for $342,900. MLS# 5853391. $3K
  https://www.century21.com/property/2013-great-shoals-circle-lawrenceville-ga-30045-REN029735468
*  Used Ford Focus For Sale Muscle Shoals, AL - Web2Carz
Search thousands of listings to find the best deal on a used Ford Focus in and around Muscle Shoals, AL. Our market analyzer software will flag the best savings on a used car.
  https://www.web2carz.com/used/ford/focus/muscle-shoals/al
*  Muscle Shoals Silence | The FADER
According to the ticker, the legendary Muscle Shoals Sound Studio has hocked its equipment and closed its doors. If you know the story, join us in a moment of silence. If you don't know the story, read up and join us when you're done. You won't be late for the eulogy - it's going to be a long-ass mourning... ...
  http://www.thefader.com/2005/02/24/muscle-shoals-silence/
*  Salmo marmoratus - Viquipèdia, l'enciclopèdia lliure
Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae, Ed. X. (Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata.) Holmiae. Systema Nat. ed. 10 v. 1. i-ii + 1-824. ...
  https://ca.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salmo_marmoratus
*  New Findings Reconfirm Toxicity of Pfiesteria Cultures
A team of experts has refuted previous findings published last summer stating that Pfiesteria is not toxic to fish or humans. When they cultured the s
  http://www.prohealth.com/library/showarticle.cfm?libid=8860
*  STI: ERsys - Muscle Shoals, AL (Weather Fcst)
Monday Night...Mostly clear in the evening, then becoming partly cloudy. Lows in the mid 30s. Southwest winds 5 to 10 mph, becoming northwest with gusts up to 20 mph after midnight. ...
  http://www.ersys.com/usa/01/0153016/weather.htm?zipcode=35661