*  Mappa Mundi: The Structure of Western Thought | The Brooklyn Rail
And a 19th century Alaskan Inua salmon spirit mask-masks themselves are transformational images-with the half-human, half- ... Henceforth, there will be no over-arching systems, no total theory of human existence or history.. Phenomenology, literary ... it makes no substantive claims about reality or the future because it is theoretically bound to analyze its own activities ... toward language as the primary field of study begins around middle of 20th century but is prefigured in the late 19th century ...
  https://brooklynrail.org/2011/09/fiction/mappa-mundi-the-structure-of-western-thought
*  Global language system - Wikipedia
They were the dominant countries that had colonized many other nations from the early 15th century to the early 19th century. ... Besides, the world-systems theory also allowed the global language system to expand further. It focuses on the existence of the ... "translations and the manifold activities these imply are embedded in and dependent on a world system of translation, including ... The global language system draws upon the world system theory to account for the relationships between the world's languages ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_language_system
*  Connectionism - Wikipedia
Psychological theories based on knowledge about the human brain were fashionable in the late 19th century. As early as 1869, ... The neural network branch of connectionism suggests that the study of mental activity is really the study of neural systems. ... These tended to be speculative theories. But by the early 20th century, Edward Thorndike was experimenting on learning that ... Many recurrent connectionist models also incorporate dynamical systems theory. Many researchers, such as the connectionist Paul ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Connectionism
*  Systems theory - Wikipedia
... game theory and social network analysis. Sociological systems thinking started earlier, in the 19th century. Stichweh states ... It distinguishes dynamic or active systems from static or passive systems. Active systems are activity structures or components ... Systemography Systems architecture Systems ecology Systems theory in anthropology Systems theory in archaeology Systems theory ... Systems science portal List of types of systems theory Autonomous agency theory Bibliography of sociology Dynamical systems ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Systems_theory
*  Connect the Apocalypse
Again, defending a 19th century single-factor theory for a complex system like climate is absurd and I appreciate the ... Nir Shaviv has written an enlightening piece pointing to solar activity rather than CO2 as the cause of the late 20th century ... But I understand when you are defending an eccentric 19th century scientist's theory of an enormously complex system like ... The only definition of when the LIA ended is in its denomination: Usually the period from mid 16th to mid/late 19th century is ...
  http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/collideascape/2012/04/23/connect-the-apocalypse/
*  Chemical Reaction: Biology at the Cosmetics Counter
Metchnikoff's theories are now applied to healing, immune system enhancement, disease prevention and life extension. And, in ... At the turn of the 19th century, biologist Elias Metchnikoff wrote Prolongation of Life. The book promoted the connection ... Henkel KGaA1 screened materials for prebiotic activity using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), which enables the ... They can boost the immune system, and produce lactic and acetic acid that control pH. They also inhibit the growth of other ...
  http://www.gcimagazine.com/business/rd/13685497.html?mobi=y
*  Moral treatment - Wikipedia
... were often scapegoated for the failures of the system. Towards the end of the 19th century, somatic theories, pessimism in ... It is well documented that there was very little therapeutic activity, and medics were little more than administrators who ... By the mid-19th century in England, the Alleged Lunatics' Friend Society was proclaiming that the new moral treatment was a ... Theories of hereditary degeneracy and eugenics took over, and in the 20th century the concepts of mental hygiene and mental ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moral_treatment
*  The Art of Noises - Wikipedia
Russolo states that "noise" first came into existence as the result of 19th century machines. Before this time the world was a ... The Greek musical theory was based on the tetrachord mathematics of Pythagoras, which did not allow for any harmonies. ... Developments and modifications to the Greek musical system were made during the Middle Ages, which led to music like Gregorian ... With the exception of storms, waterfalls, and tectonic activity, the noise that did punctuate this silence were not loud, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Art_of_Noises
*  World-systems theory - Wikipedia
As a result of the new British dominance, the world system became relatively stable again during the 19th century. The British ... In the core zones, businesses, with the support of states they operate within, monopolise the most profitable activities of the ... World-systems theory (also known as world-systems analysis or the world-systems perspective), is a multidisciplinary, macro- ... Globalization theories: World-System Theory, 2001 Wallerstein, Immanuel Maurice (2004). World-systems analysis: An introduction ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World-systems_theory
*  Boston Harbor - Wikipedia
As early as the late 19th century Boston citizens were advised not to swim in any portion of the Harbor. In the 19th century ... river systems, and tidal reservoirs. This interpretation came to be known as the theory of Tidal scour. This understanding of ... The Boston Harbor's unique geography inspired the law that made land reclamation such a widespread activity in Boston. By the ... As the 19th century progressed the acceleration of urban growth dramatically increased the need for more land. The Ordinance of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston_Harbor
*  What s so Great about Free Trade?
Furthermore, late 19th-century and 20th century economists have created a set of false assumptions and theorems with no basis ... policies will transform economic activities and relations in ways that universally benefit working people are based on theories ... This is what List wrote (National System): It is a very common clever device that when anyone has attained the summit of ... My own opinion is that anything written by academic economists from the latter half of the 19th century to the present can be ...
  http://www.softpanorama.org/Skeptics/Political_skeptic/Neoliberalism/Myths_propagated_by_neoliberalism/free_trade.shtml
*  Libertarian socialism - Wikipedia
... activity, a society of lovers & wild enthusiasts." Fourierism manifested itself "in the middle of the 19th century (where) ... Autonomist Marxism is thus a "bottom up" theory: it draws attention to activities that autonomists see as everyday working ... Participism is a twenty-first century form of libertarian socialism. It comprises two related economic and political systems ... those created throughout the 19th century - and post-classical anarchist schools - those created since the mid-20th century and ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Libertarian_socialism
*  University of California, Irvine academics - Wikipedia
19th- and 20th century literature (22), psychology - cognitive science (22), sociology (27), aerospace engineering (29), ... UCI employs the traditional A-F grading scale and GPA system, modified for use with the quarter system. Students may elect to ... "English Specialty Rankings: Literary Criticism and Theory". US News & World Report. 2009. "Today@UCI: Quick Facts: Statistics ... This certificate program offers courses, lectures, seminars, and extracurricular activities related to the legal profession. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_California,_Irvine_academics
*  Naturphilosophie - Wikipedia
For most of the 19th and early 20th centuries, it was poorly understood in Anglophone countries. Over the years, it has been ... Criticism of Naturphilosophie has been widespread, over two centuries. Schelling's theories, however influential in terms of ... The Darstellung meines Systems, and the expanded treatment in the lectures on a System der gesamten Philosophie und der ... Nature as the sum of what is objective, and intelligence as the complex of all the activities making up self-consciousness, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naturphilosophie
*  List of Russian scientists - Wikipedia
... founder of activity theory in psychology Peter Lesgaft, founder of the modern system of physical education in Russia Alexander ... leading mid-19th-century Russian historian, proponent of the Normanist theory Boris Polevoy, major historian of the Russian Far ... 17th-century historian of the Time of Troubles Evgeny Pashukanis, legal historian, wrote The General Theory of Law and Marxism ... prominent 19th-century field surgeon Victor Skumin, the first to describe a previously unknown disease, now called Skumin ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Russian_scientists
*  List of Russian physicians and psychologists - Wikipedia
... founder of activity theory in psychology Peter Lesgaft, founder of the modern system of physical education in Russia Andrey ... prominent 19th-century field surgeon Victor Skumin, first to describe a previously unknown disease, now called Skumin syndrome ... co-developer of activity theory and cultural-historical psychology, major researcher of aphasia Ilya Mechnikov, pioneer ... a disorder of the central nervous system of some patients after a prosthetic heart valve) Lina Stern, pioneer researcher of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Russian_physicians_and_psychologists
*  Development theory - Wikipedia
Classical economics was developed in the 18th and 19th centuries and dealt with the value of products and on which production ... In addition to its structuralist roots, dependency theory has much overlap with Neo-Marxism and World Systems Theory, which is ... Basic needs theory does not focus on investing in economically productive activities. Basic needs can be used as an indicator ... Development theory is a collection of theories about how desirable change in society is best achieved. Such theories draw on a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Development_theory
*  Philosophy of culture - Wikipedia
In the 19th century, humanists such as English poet and essayist Matthew Arnold (1822-1888) used the word "culture" to refer to ... This contrast led to Herbert Spencer's theory of Social Darwinism and Lewis Henry Morgan's theory of cultural evolution. Just ... In the process, he redefined culture as a diverse set of activities characteristic of all human societies. This view paved the ... uncomplicated and uncorrupted by the highly stratified capitalist systems of the West. In 1870 the anthropologist Edward Tylor ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philosophy_of_culture
*  Mercantilism - Wikipedia
... thus stretching the system into the 19th century. However, many British writers, including Mun and Misselden, were merchants, ... The first school to completely reject mercantilism was the physiocrats, who developed their theories in France. Their theories ... "the volume of merchant activity itself". Prior to mercantilism, the most important economic work done in Europe was by the ... Mercantilist regulations were steadily removed over the course of the 18th century in Britain, and during the 19th century the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mercantilism
*  Foreign Student Grant
Political science is a social science discipline that deals with systems of government and the analysis of political activity ... Although it was codified in the 19th century, when all the social sciences were established, the study of political science has ... It deals extensively with the theory and practice of politics which is commonly thought of as the determining of the ... As political activity, international relations dates from the time of the Greek historian Thucydides (c. 460-395 BC), and, in ...
  https://wn.com/Foreign_student_grant?from=foreignstudentgrant.com
*  19th-century history of the Catholic Church in the United States - Wikipedia
As of March 2009, no state school system had changed its laws to allow state funds to be used for this purpose. In the latter ... Leo's pronouncements effectively ended the Americanist movement and curtailed the activities of American progressive Catholics ... and Pope Leo XIII issued an encyclical denouncing Americanism in theory. In Longinqua oceani (1895; "Wide Expanse of the Ocean ... During the 19th century, a wave of immigrants from Ireland, Germany, Italy, Eastern Europe and elsewhere swelled the number of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/19th-century_history_of_the_Catholic_Church_in_the_United_States
*  Michael D. Schroeder
... , Using Sharing to Simplify System Management, in Computer Systems: Theory, Technology, and Applications, ... He is the world's leading authority on the 19th Century American landscape artist Gilbert Munger and he authors the online ... Since the mid 1990s he has been involved in technical outreach activities exploring the impact of the web on the methodology of ... theory and/or development of commercial systems. In 2007 he received the NIST/NSA National Computer Systems Security Award, ...
  http://www.d.umn.edu/tma/mungersite/MDS-Page.htm
*  Economy of India under Company rule - Wikipedia
... in the early 19th century and gradually fell afterwards. However, in spite of the appeal of the ryotwari system's abstract ... At the heart of the ryotwari system was a particular theory of economic rent-and based on David Ricardo's Law of Rent-promoted ... or diwan supervised their activities. In this system, the assortment of rights associated with land were not possessed by a " ... In the early 19th century demand for Chinese tea had greatly increased in Britain; since the money supply in India was ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_India_under_Company_rule
*  Vertigo - Robert W. Baloh - Oxford University Press
Early pieces of this medical puzzle appeared in the early 19th century in studies of the inner ear, yet the cause and cure for ... The cupulolithiasis theory. Schuknecht was not the first to propose the cupulolithiasis theory. A key question-which way does ... Ménière balances academic, patient and family activities. Ménière's every day life. Ménière's role in French society. Section 2 ... Who contributed most to our current understanding of the vestibular system?. Chapter 5. Breuer, the Renaissance man. Upbringing ...
  https://global.oup.com/academic/product/vertigo-9780190600129?lang=en&cc=gb
*  An Introduction to Marxist Economic Theory by Ernest Mandel | Capitalism | Commodity
An Introduction to Marxist Economic Theory by Ernest Mandel ... An Introduction to Marxist Economic Theory by Ernest Mandel - ... Up to the 19th century and possibly even into the 20th, the peasants in various regions of Western Europe did not work in a ... so that an accounting system in terms of labour, in labour-hours, has become the force governing all the activity and even the ... Let us give a rather commonplace example: toward the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century, a city like Paris had a ...
  https://www.scribd.com/document/18971997/An-Introduction-to-Marxist-Economic-Theory-by-Ernest-Mandel