*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | PREVIOUS INFECTION WITH WEST NILE OR ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES...
Louis encephalitis virus prevented viremia from St. Louis encephalitis virus, but only reduced West Nile virus viremia titers. ... prior infection with either virus prevented mortality upon challenge with West Nile virus. Prior infection with West Nile virus ... Heterologous challenge with West Nile virus in birds previously infected with St. Louis encephalitis virus produced the ... In the current study, House finches were infected initially with either West Nile or St. Louis encephalitis viruses and then ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2006.75.480
*  Viruses | Free Full-Text | Preclinical and Clinical Development of a YFV 17 D-Based Chimeric Vaccine against West Nile Virus |...
17D virus in which the prM-E envelope protein genes are replaced with the corresponding genes of the WN NY99 virus. Pre- ... Substantial success has been achieved in the development and implementation of West Nile (WN) vaccines for horses; however, no ... monkeys and protected immunized animals from lethal challenge including intracerebral inoculation of high dose of WN NY99 virus ... Louis encephalitis (SLE), Rocio (ROC), and Murray Valley encephalitis (MVE). The human disease caused by WN virus varies from ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/5/12/3048/htm
*  West Nile virus | definition of West Nile virus by Medical dictionary
West Nile virus explanation free. What is West Nile virus? Meaning of West Nile virus medical term. What does West Nile virus ... Looking for online definition of West Nile virus in the Medical Dictionary? ... Louis encephalitis, Murray Valley encephalitis, and Kunjin virus. Zoonotically maintained, infections occur generally between ... West Nile virus - Synonym(s): West Nile encephalitis virus. West Nile vi·rus. (west nīl vī'rŭs) Mosquito-borne virus; human ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/West+Nile+virus
*  Kunjin virus - Wikipedia
Both forms of Kunjin virus disease are milder than the diseases caused by West Nile virus and Murray Valley encephalitis virus ... "Murray Valley Encephalitis virus & Kunjin virus". University of Sydney-Department of Medical Entomology. Retrieved 2009-08-08 ... Kunjin virus (KUNV) is a zoonotic virus of the family Flaviviridae and the genus Flavivirus. It is a subtype of West Nile Virus ... It is antigenically and genetically very similar to West Nile virus and in 1999 was reclassified as a subtype of WNV. Its ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kunjin_virus
*  Immunization with Heterologous Flaviviruses Protective Against Fatal West Nile Encephalitis - Volume 8, Number 3-March 2002 -...
Louis encephalitis virus [SLEV], and Yellow fever virus [YFV] 17D vaccine) reduces the severity of subsequent West Nile virus ( ... Immunity to JEV and SLEV was protective against clinical encephalitis and death after challenge with WNV. The antibody response ... Japanese encephalitis virus [JEV] SA14-2-8 vaccine, wild-type St. ... Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV), and Murray Valley encephalitis virus (MVEV). In addition to their antigenic and genetic ...
  https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/8/3/01-0238_article
*  NS1′ of Flaviviruses in the Japanese Encephalitis Virus Serogroup Is a Product of Ribosomal Frameshifting and Plays a Role in...
The viruses from the Japanese encephalitis virus subgroup of this genus include JEV, Murray Valley encephalitis virus (MVEV), ... Virus Res. 59:99-140. [PubMed]. 24. Wilson, J. R., P. F. de Sessions, M. A. Leon, and F. Scholle. 2008. West Nile virus ... dengue virus (DENV), Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), yellow fever virus (YFV), and tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV). ... In situ reactions of monoclonal antibodies with a viable mutant of Murray Valley encephalitis virus reveal an absence of ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2812330/
*  Viruses | Free Full-Text | Experimental Infections of Wild Birds with West Nile Virus | HTML
Avian models of West Nile virus (WNV) disease have become pivotal in the study of infection pathogenesis and transmission, ... Murray Valley encephalitis virus (MVEV) in Australia, Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) in Southern Asia and Oceania, Usutu ... Characterization of West Nile virus isolates from Spain: New insights into the distinct West Nile virus eco-epidemiology in the ... Fang, Y.; Reisen, W.K. Previous infection with West Nile or St. Louis encephalitis viruses provides cross protection during ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/6/2/752/htm
*  The global threat of Zika virus to pregnancy: epidemiology, clinical perspectives, mechanisms, and impact | BMC Medicine | Full...
... and the virus biology underpinning new interventions, diagnostics, and insights into the mechanisms of disease. ... Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that has newly emerged as a significant global threat, especially to pregnancy ... Japanese encephalitis, West Nile virus, Kunjin virus, yellow fever, Murray Valley encephalitis, and others that often co- ... Epidemiological notes on some viruses isolated in Uganda; Yellow fever, Rift Valley fever, Bwamba fever, West Nile, Mengo, ...
  https://bmcmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12916-016-0660-0
*  US6465488B1 - Inhibition of glycolipid biosynthesis - Google Patents
Japanese encephalitis virus, Murray Valley encephalitis virus, Rocio virus, West Nile fever virus, St. Louis encephalitis virus ... Japanese encephalitis virus, Murray Valley encephalitis virus, Rocio virus, West Nile fever virus, St. Louis encephalitis virus ... tick-borne encephalitis virus, Louping ill virus, Powassan virus, Omsk hemorrhagic fever virus, and Kyasanur forest disease ... tick-borne encephalitis virus, Louping ill virus, Powassan virus, Omsk hemorrhagic fever virus, and Kyasanur forest disease ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US6465488B1/en
*  Functional interplay among the flavivirus NS3 protease, helicase, and cofactors | SpringerLink
Flaviviruses are positive-sense RNA viruses, and many are important human pathogens. Nonstructural protein 2B and 3 of the ... Structure of the Murray Valley encephalitis virus RNA helicase at 1.9 Angstrom resolution. Protein Sci, 16: 2294-2300. ... Targeting host factors to treat west nile and dengue viral infections. Viruses, 6: 683-708.PubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar ... Lin C W, Lin K H, Lyu P C, Chen W J. 2006. Japanese encephalitis virus NS2B-NS3 protease binding to phage-displayed human brain ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12250-014-3438-6
*  Taxonomic list of viruses - Wikipedia
... virus Tembusu virus Tick-borne encephalitis virus Tyuleniy virus Uganda S virus Usutu virus Wesselsbron virus West Nile virus ... virus Murray Valley encephalitis virus Ntaya virus Omsk hemorrhagic fever virus Phnom Penh bat virus Powassan virus Rio Bravo ... encephalitis virus Capim virus Caraparu virus Catu virus Estero Real virus Gamboa virus Guajara virus Guama virus Guaroa virus ... virus Shuni virus Simbu virus Tacaiuma virus Tete virus Thimiri virus Timboteua virus Turlock virus Wyeomyia virus Zegla virus ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taxonomic_list_of_viruses
*  Mosquito control - Wikipedia
Disease organisms transmitted by mosquitoes include West Nile virus, Saint Louis encephalitis virus, Eastern equine ... Japanese Encephalitis, chikungunya and filariasis in Africa and Asia; and Murray Valley encephalitis in Australia. Depending on ... encephalomyelitis virus, Everglades virus, Highlands J virus, La Crosse Encephalitis virus in the United States; dengue fever, ... "Aerial spraying planned in eight Orange County cities in battle to control West Nile virus; Vector Control says it's safe". The ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosquito_control
*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | CALIFORNIA STATE MOSQUITO-BORNE VIRUS SURVEILLANCE AND RESPONSE PLAN: A...
West Nile virus recently has arrived in California, and the response plan also will provide a baseline for assessing the risk ... Louis encephalitis (SLE) viruses and to provide intervention guidelines for mosquito control and public health agencies during ... Multiple methods of risk calculation were considered for both viruses. Assessed risk based on cumulative temperature, rainfall ... the proximity of virus activity to populated areas. Overall risk is categorized into three levels: normal season, emergency ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2003.68.508
*  Arbovirus - Wikipedia
Murray Valley encephalitis virus (MVEV) St. Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV) West Nile virus (WNV) Spondweni group Spondweni ... Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) Mosquito-borne viruses Dengue virus group Dengue virus (DENV) Japanese encephalitis virus ... West Nile Virus in Transplant Recipients Investigation Team (2003). "Transmission of West Nile Virus from an Organ Donor to ... La Crosse encephalitis virus (LACV) Genus Phlebovirus Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) Toscana virus (TOSV) Heartland virus ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arbovirus
*  Zika Virus Outside Africa - Volume 15, Number 9-September 2009 - Emerging Infectious Diseases journal - CDC
West Nile, and Japanese encephalitis viruses. In 2007 ZIKV caused an outbreak of relatively mild disease characterized by rash ... Zika virus (ZIKV) is a flavivirus related to yellow fever, dengue, ... Japanese encephalitis, Murray Valley encephalitis, or West Nile viruses, but there were too few samples tested to derive robust ... Zika virus (ZIKV) is a flavivirus related to yellow fever, dengue, West Nile, and Japanese encephalitis viruses. In 2007 ZIKV ...
  https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/15/9/09-0442_article
*  Australia articles, all-time results - Emerging Infectious Disease journal - CDC
Fatal Infection with Murray Valley Encephalitis Virus Imported from Australia to Canada, 2011. 23. 2. Dispatch. 2017. 2. ... Characterization of Virulent West Nile Virus Kunjin Strain, Australia, 2011. 18. 5. Research. 2012. 5. ... The Relationships between West Nile and Kunjin Viruses. 7. 4. Perspective. 2001. 8. ... Virulence and Evolution of West Nile Virus, Australia, 1960-2012. 22. 8. Research. 2016. 8. ...
  https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/ArticleMap/AUS
*  IMINOSUGAR COMPOUNDS WITH ANTIFLAVIRUS ACTIVITY - Patent application
Murray Valley encephalitis, Rocio virus, St. Louis encephalitis virus, tick-borne encephalitis virus, Louping ill virus, ... wherein said virus is at least one of West Nile fever virus, dengue virus, bovine viral diarrhea virus, and hepatitis B virus. ... Koutango virus (KV), Kunjin virus (JV), Cacipacore virus (CV), Yaounde virus (YV), and Murray Valley encephalitis virus (MVEV ... Exemplary flaviviruses include Bovine Diarrhea virus (BVDV), West Nile virus (WNV), Dengue virus (DV) and Hepatitis B virus ( ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20090042268
*  Human T cell responses to Japanese encephalitis virus in health and disease | JEM
... and some sequences were in common with geographically diverse viruses such as Murray Valley encephalitis virus and Zika virus, ... W. Hildebrand, et al.. 2008. The memory T cell response to West Nile virus in symptomatic humans following natural infection is ... We then extended this analysis across the cohort using peptides of West Nile virus (WNV; a flavivirus closely related to JEV), ... such as tick-borne encephalitis virus and St. Louis encephalitis virus (unpublished data), ...
  http://jem.rupress.org/content/early/2016/05/24/jem.20151517
*  Weather extremes take twin crop and disease toll | Simple Climate
... but both are linked to outbreaks of deadly viruses show NASA's Assaf Anyamba and his colleagues. ... Likewise north and eastern Australia developed outbreaks of Murray Valley encephalitis, which is also caused by a virus spread ... The 2010-2011 Texas drought was also linked to the largest outbreak of West Nile virus in the US since it was first recorded ... Culex pipiens, the northern house mosquito, a leading vector of West Nile virus in the US. Image copyright Penn State ...
  https://simpleclimate.wordpress.com/2014/04/05/weather-extremes-take-twin-crop-and-disease-toll/
*  Frontiers | Development and Applications of VSV Vectors Based on Cell Tropism | Microbiology
... such as hepatitis C virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, baculovirus, and hemorrhagic fever viruses. ... such as hepatitis C virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, baculovirus, and hemorrhagic fever viruses. ... These viruses possess a reporter gene instead of a VSV G gene in their genome, and therefore it is easy to evaluate their ... These viruses possess a reporter gene instead of a VSV G gene in their genome, and therefore it is easy to evaluate their ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2011.00272/full
*  Patent US20030152942 - Nucleic acid detection in pooled samples - Google Patents
RNA virus sequences) in a pooled sample employing an INVADER detection assay. In certain embodiments, the present invention ... hepatitis C virus, yellow fever viruses, dengue, Japanese, Murray Valley, and St. Louis encephalitis viruses, West Nile fever ... virus, Kyanasur Forest disease virus, Omsk hemorrhagic fever virus, European and Far Eastern tick-borne encephalitis viruses, ... Influenza-Influenza viruses A, B, and C (Orthomyxovirus) Japanese encephalitis virus-JEE virus (Flavivirus) Jock Itch- ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US20030152942?dq=6101531
*  Arthropod-borne encephalitides
These viruses, which belong to the familiesFlaviviridae,Togaviridae,Bunyaviridae, and Reoviridae, are usually highly adapted to ... Arthropod-borne encephalitis viruses represent a significant public health problem throughout most of the world. ... West Nile virus infection and serologic response among persons previously vaccinated against yellow fever and Japanese ... Kienzle N, Boyes L. Murray Valley encephalitis: case report and review of neuroradiological features. Australas Radiol 2003; 47 ...
  https://www.uptodate.com/contents/arthropod-borne-encephalitides
*  Lineage 2 West Nile Virus as Cause of Fatal Neurologic Disease in Horses, South Africa - Volume 15, Number 6-June 2009 -...
DNA sequencing for all 5 RT-PCR-positive cases showed the virus belonged to lineage 2. WNV lineage 2 may cause neurologic ... Serologic evidence suggests that West Nile virus (WNV) is widely distributed in horses in southern Africa. However, because few ... Ward MP, Schuermann JA, Highfield LD, Murray KO. Characteristics of an outbreak of West Nile virus encephalomyelitis in a ... Origin of the West Nile virus responsible for an outbreak of encephalitis in the northeastern United States. Science. 1999;286: ...
  https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/15/6/08-1515_article
*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Meteorological Conditions Associated with Increased Incidence of West...
As a result of geographic differences in WNV transmission, we divided the United States into East and West, and 10 climate ... West Nile virus (WNV) is a leading cause of mosquito-borne disease in the United States. Annual seasonal outbreaks vary in size ... Chuang T-W, Wimberly MC, , 2012. Remote sensing of climatic anomalies and West Nile virus incidence in the northern Great ... Epidemic West Nile encephalitis, New York, 1999: results of a household-based seroepidemiological survey. Lancet 358: 261-264.[ ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.14-0737
*  The nature of emerging zoonotic diseases: ecology, prediction, and prevention. - Free Online Library
Nipah virus, West Nile virus, and Avian influenza. How these pathogens jump from wildlife--their natural host species--to ... Fatal encephalitis due to Nipah virus among pig-farmers in Malaysia. Lancet. 1999;354:1257-1259. 35. Parashar UD, Sunn LM, Ong ... 6. Murray K, Eaton B, Hooper P, Wang L, Williamson M, Young P. Flying foxes, horses and humans: a zoonosis caused by a new ... The farm is located in a valley adjacent to primary rain forest in which there are seasonal roosts of flying foxes (Epstein, ...
  https://www.thefreelibrary.com/The+nature+of+emerging+zoonotic+diseases%3A+ecology%2C+prediction%2C+and+...-a0134816704