Loading...
*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | PREVIOUS INFECTION WITH WEST NILE OR ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES...
Louis encephalitis virus prevented viremia from St. Louis encephalitis virus, but only reduced West Nile virus viremia titers. ... Louis encephalitis viruses and then challenged 6 weeks post infection with either homologous or heterologous viruses. Although ... Heterologous challenge with West Nile virus in birds previously infected with St. Louis encephalitis virus produced the ... Louis encephalitis virus. Our data have broad implications for free-ranging avian serological diagnostics and possibly for the ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2006.75.480
*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | ANTIBODY RESPONSE TO CULEX TARSALIS SALIVARY GLAND ANTIGENS AMONG...
Louis encephalitis virus, and West Nile virus activity. From 2000 through 2002, 1,578 serum specimens from 34 sentinel flocks ... Louis encephalitis virus than those seronegative for salivary gland antigens. Flocks with mosquito traps located , 50 feet away ... The arboviral surveillance program in California depends in part on sentinel chickens to detect western equine ... Louis encephalitis and western equine encephalomyelitis virus activity in California from 1969-1997. Proc Calif Mosq Vector ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2005.72.481
*  PPT - Mosquito-borne Diseases PowerPoint Presentation - ID:169017
Louis encephalitis Both have occurred in Washington but no reported cases since early 1980\'sWest Nile virus Detected in 1999 ... Western equine encephalitis and St. Louis encephalitis Both have occurred in Washington but no reported cases since early 1980 ... sWest Nile virus Detected in 1999 in New York CityDetected in Washington and 43 other states in 2003Continued surveillance ...
  https://www.slideserve.com/Ava/mosquito-borne-diseases
*  Viruses | Free Full-Text | Experimental Infections of Wild Birds with West Nile Virus | HTML
Avian models of West Nile virus (WNV) disease have become pivotal in the study of infection pathogenesis and transmission, ... McLean, R.; Shriner, R. Western equine encephalitis in avian populations in North Dakota, 1975. J. Wildl. Dis. 1989, 25, 481- ... Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) in Southern Asia and Oceania, Usutu virus (USUV) in Africa and Europe and Bagaza virus (BAGV ... WNV co-circulates with Saint Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV) in the Americas, Murray Valley encephalitis virus (MVEV) in ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/6/2/752/htm
*  Viruses | Free Full-Text | Type W Human Endogenous Retrovirus (HERV-W) Integrations and Their Mobilization by L1 Machinery:...
Susceptibility and Lethality of Western Equine Encephalitis Virus in Balb/c Mice When Infected by the Aerosol Route ... Viruses 2017, 9, 162. AMA Style. Grandi N, Tramontano E. Type W Human Endogenous Retrovirus (HERV-W) Integrations and Their ... Viruses EISSN 1999-4915 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert ... Viruses. 2017; 9(7):162. Chicago/Turabian Style. Grandi, Nicole; Tramontano, Enzo. 2017. "Type W Human Endogenous Retrovirus ( ...
  https://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/9/7/162
*  Joint Statement on Mosquito Control in the United States | Mosquito Control | US EPA
Louis, LaCrosse, Eastern equine and Western equine. These viruses are normally infections of birds or small mammals. During ... The West Nile virus, which can also cause encephalitis, was found in the northeastern United States for the first time in 1999 ... Current challenges posed by the emergence of West Nile virus in the Western hemisphere illustrate the importance of cooperation ... encephalitides occur annually and dengue occurs periodically in this country. The major types of viral encephalitis in the ...
  https://www.epa.gov/mosquitocontrol/joint-statement-mosquito-control-united-states
*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Serologic Evidence of Various Arboviruses Detected in White-Tailed Deer...
Louis encephalitis, (3.7%), West Nile (6.0%), Maguari (19.4%), La Crosse (30.3%), and bluetongue (7.8%) viruses. At least one ... we tested 1,508 sera collected from 2010 to 2016 for antibodies to eastern equine encephalitis (2.5%), Powassan (4.2%), St. ... Circulation of eastern equine encephalitis, western equine encephalitis, Ilheus, Maguari and Tacaiuma viruses in equines of the ... An outbreak of eastern equine encephalitis virus in free-ranging white-tailed deer in Michigan. J Wildl Dis 43: 635-644.[ ...
  http://ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0180
*  Frontiers | A Novel Mechanism Underlying the Innate Immune Response Induction upon Viral-Dependent Replication of Host Cell...
... a process known as virus-host cell co-evolution. Positive-single stranded RNA (+sRNA) viruses are an important group of viral ... a process known as virus-host cell co-evolution. Positive-single stranded RNA (+sRNA) viruses are an important group of viral ... A common feature shared by these viruses is their ability to rearrange cellular membranes to serve as platforms for genome ... A common feature shared by these viruses is their ability to rearrange cellular membranes to serve as platforms for genome ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fcimb.2017.00005/full
*  Social history of viruses - Wikipedia
Louis encephalitis, eastern equine encephalitis and western equine encephalitis emerged in the US. The virus that causes La ... There are numerous causes, including viruses - particularly hepatitis A virus, hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus. ... yellow fever virus, dengue virus and Pappataci fever virus. More than 100 of such viruses are now known to cause human diseases ... Breitbart M, Rohwer F (2005). "Here a virus, there a virus, everywhere the same virus?". Trends in Microbiology. 13 (6): 278- ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_history_of_viruses
*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | CHANGES IN SEROPREVALENCE OF WEST NILE VIRUS ACROSS ILLINOIS IN FREE...
Louis encephalitis virus were also the most common hosts for WNV, which strongly supports the role of similar vectors for both ... Of the 5,236 birds sampled for antibodies to West Nile virus (WNV) in Illinois from 2001 through 2004, 348 (6.6%) birds were ... Patterns of avian seroprevalence to western equine encephalomyelitis and St. Louis encephalitis viruses in California, USA. J ... Experimental infection of California birds with western equine encephalomyelitis and St. Louis encephalitis viruses. J Med ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2006.74.174
*  Patente US7714106 - Neuropeptides and their use for pest control - Google Patentes
... eastern and western encephalitis, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, St. Louis encephalitis, chikungunya, oroponehe and ... An example of a useful virus includes the Baculovirus, Autographa californica Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus (AcNPV), which is ... direct transmission of a polynucleotide sequence from a cell or virus particle, transmission by infective virus particles, and ... Other nuclear polyhedrosis viruses (See World Health Organization Technical Report No. 531) such as Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf ...
  http://www.google.es/patents/US7714106?hl=es&dq=flatulence
*  Eastern Equine Encephalitis: Background, Pathophysiology, Etiology
Encephalitis is an acute inflammatory process that primarily involves the brain. The meninges are frequently involved ( ... Sensitivity of the VecTest antigen assay for eastern equine encephalitis and western equine encephalitis viruses. J Am Mosq ... eastern equine encephalitis (EEE), western equine encephalitis (WEE), St Louis encephalitis, La Crosse encephalitis, and West ... Quadraplex qRT-PCR assay for the simultaneous detection of Eastern equine encephalitis virus and West Nile virus. Diagn ...
  https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/233442-overview
*  Eastern Equine Encephalitis Clinical Presentation: History, Physical Examinations, Complications
Encephalitis is an acute inflammatory process that primarily involves the brain. The meninges are frequently involved ( ... Sensitivity of the VecTest antigen assay for eastern equine encephalitis and western equine encephalitis viruses. J Am Mosq ... Quadraplex qRT-PCR assay for the simultaneous detection of Eastern equine encephalitis virus and West Nile virus. Diagn ... encoded search term (Eastern Equine Encephalitis) and Eastern Equine Encephalitis What to Read Next on Medscape. Medscape ...
  https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/233442-clinical
*  Biology-Online • View topic - Recombination in RNA viruses,Ruzic,Kovac
Hahn, C. S., Lustig, S., Strauss, E. G. & Strauss, J. H. (1988). Western. equine encephalitis virus is a recombinant virus. ... example, the Western equine encephalitis (WEE) complex. viruses are the product of a single recombination event that. occurred ... related viruses, positive-sense and negative-sense viruses, DI. RNAs and viruses, satellite RNAs and viruses, and even with. ... between Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) and. a Sindbis-like virus, probably within the last 2000 years. (Weaver et al ...
  http://www.biology-online.org/biology-forum/about18913.html?p=123100&hilit=Putative
*  Mosquito Borne Diseases | Delta County, CO - Official Website
In Colorado, Western Equine Encephalitis ("Sleeping Sickness"), St. Louis Encephalitis, and West Nile Virus are all important ... Center for Food Security and Public Health: Equine Encephalitides. Center for Food Security and Public Health: West Nile Virus ... This virus is named after the West Nile region of Uganda where the virus was first isolated in 1937. West Nile virus first ... In people, West Nile Virus usually causes a mild illness, but it can also cause encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) or ...
  http://deltacounty.com/452/Mosquito-Borne-Diseases
*  US7491795B2 - Neuropeptides and their use for pest control - Google Patents
... eastern and western encephalitis, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, St. Louis encephalitis, chikungunya, oroponehe and ... An example of a useful virus includes the Baculovirus, Autographa californica Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus (AcNPV), which is ... direct transmission of a polynucleotide sequence from a cell or virus particle, transmission by infective virus particles, and ... Insect viruses, sequences, insecticidal compositions and methods US6096304A (en) 2000-08-01. Recombinant baculovirus ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US7491795?oq=flatulence
*  New law prohibits insecticides to help Long Island lobsters
These chemicals are the primary tools used to curb the spread of West Nile virus and Eastern Equine Encephalitis. The American ... to the western Long Island Sound watershed area during that summer for the control of mosquitoes that carried West Nile virus, ... The number of lobsters trapped in the central and western parts of the sound has fallen by 99 percent since 1998. ... Elissa Wright, a democratic co-sponsor of the law said in a statement, "A catastrophic lobster die-off in the fall of 1999 ...
  http://americancityandcounty.com/new-laws/new-law-prohibits-insecticides-help-long-island-lobsters
*  References | College of Veterinary Medicine
Clinical and neuropathological features of West Nile virus equine encephalomyelitis in Italy. Equine vet J 2000;32:31 - 35. ... Origin of the west nile virus responsible for an outbreak of encephalitis in the northeastern United States. Science 1999;286: ... Lundstrom J. Mosquito-borne viruses in western Europe: A review. J Vector Ecol 1999;24:1 - 39. ... Schmidt J, El Mansboury H. Natural and experimaental infection of Egyptian equines with West Nile virus. Ann Trop Med Parasitol ...
  https://vet.osu.edu/extension/references
*  Meningitis and Encephalitis
Learn about encephalitis / viral meningitis from the Cleveland Clinic, including potential treatment options, prognosis, ... Western equine encephalitis is seen in farming areas in the western and central plains states. Symptoms begin 5-10 days ... What causes meningitis and encephalitis?. Infectious causes of meningitis and encephalitis include bacteria, viruses, fungi, ... Equine encephalitis affects horses and humans. Eastern equine encephalitis also infects birds that live in freshwater swamps of ...
  https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/6058-meningitis-and-encephalitis
*  EEEP - Clinical: Eastern Equine Encephalitis Antibody, IgG and IgM, Serum
Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) is within the alphavirus group. It is a low prevalence cause of human disease in the eastern ... Eastern equine encephalitis and Western equine encephalitis viruses show some cross-reactivity; however, antibody response to ... although Western equine encephalitis and Eastern equine encephalitis antigens will show a noticeable cross-reactivity. ... Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) is within the alphavirus group. It is a low prevalence cause of human disease in the eastern ...
  https://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Clinical+and+Interpretive/83155
*  West Nile alternative open reading frame (N-NS4B/WARF4) is produced in infected West Nile Virus (WNV) cells and induces humoral...
Western blotting and bioinformatics analyses strongly suggest that the protein could be translated by programmed −1 ribosomal ... Since the virus might actually make an extensive use of ARFs, it appears important to investigate the novel six ARF putative ... one of which entitled WARF4 is exclusively restricted to the lineage I of the virus. WARF4 is able to elicit antibodies in WNV ... West Nile Virus (WNV) is a flavivirus that requires an efficient humoral and cellular host response for the control of ...
  https://virologyj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1743-422X-9-283
*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | SHORT REPORT: DETECTION PROBABILITY OF ARBOVIRUS INFECTION IN MOSQUITO...
Isolation of Japanese encephalitis virus from mosquitoes collected in the Western Province of Papua New Guinea, 1997-1998. Am J ... Transmission of eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus in central Alabama. Am J Trop Med Hyg 68 : 495-500.. ... Louis encephalitis virus epidemics: lessons from recent, and not so recent, outbreaks. Annu Rev Entomol 46 : 111-138.. ... Frequency of Saint Louis encephalitis virus in humans from Florida, USA: 1990-1999. J Med Entomol 37 : 626-633.. ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2004.71.636
*  West Nile Virus | Encyclopedia.com
West Nile Virus Definition West Nile virus [1] is a mosquito-borne viral illness that can manifest with varying seriousness, ... In the 1960s, the virus was established as a cause of equine encephalitis. ... with a continued spread of the virus into the western United States. By August 2002, West Nile virus was reported in 41 states. ... The virus, which is closely related to the St. Louis encephalitis virus found in the United States, causes an encephalitis ( ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/diseases-and-conditions/pathology/west-nile-virus
*  West Nile Virus: An Overview of Its Spread in Europe and the Mediterranean Basin in Contrast to Its Spread in the Americas |...
... virus is a mosquito-transmitted flavivirus. It is widely distributed in Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and southern Europe and ... Thomas LA, Eklund CM (1960) Overwintering of Western Equine Encephalitis virus in experimentally infected garter snakes and ... Encephalitis West Nile Virus West Nile Virus Infection White Stork Japanese Encephalitis Virus These keywords were added by ... Smithburn KC (1942) Differentiation of West Nile virus from the viruses of Saint Louis encephalitis and Japanese B encephalitis ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10096-003-1085-1
*  Annual summary of infectious diseases :: Documents.OK.Gov
Louis encephalitis virus, Eastern equine encephalitis virus, Western equine encephalitis virus, Powassan virus, California ... Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). AIDS is the result of an HIV ... Louis Encephalitis 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Syphilis 15.83 19.60 18.87 17.59 ... O) Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection. 7 OAC 310:515 OKLAHOMA STATE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH (P) Influenza associated ...
  http://www.digitalprairie.ok.gov/cdm/compoundobject/collection/stgovpub/id/1592/rec/26