*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | ANTIBODY RESPONSE TO CULEX TARSALIS SALIVARY GLAND ANTIGENS AMONG...
Louis encephalitis virus, and West Nile virus activity. From 2000 through 2002, 1,578 serum specimens from 34 sentinel flocks ... Louis encephalitis virus than those seronegative for salivary gland antigens. Flocks with mosquito traps located , 50 feet away ... The arboviral surveillance program in California depends in part on sentinel chickens to detect western equine ... Louis encephalitis and western equine encephalomyelitis virus activity in California from 1969-1997. Proc Calif Mosq Vector ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2005.72.481
*  PPT - Mosquito-borne Diseases PowerPoint Presentation - ID:169017
Louis encephalitis Both have occurred in Washington but no reported cases since early 1980\'sWest Nile virus Detected in 1999 ... Western equine encephalitis and St. Louis encephalitis Both have occurred in Washington but no reported cases since early 1980 ... sWest Nile virus Detected in 1999 in New York CityDetected in Washington and 43 other states in 2003Continued surveillance ...
  https://www.slideserve.com/Ava/mosquito-borne-diseases
*  Viruses | Free Full-Text | Experimental Infections of Wild Birds with West Nile Virus | HTML
Avian models of West Nile virus (WNV) disease have become pivotal in the study of infection pathogenesis and transmission, ... McLean, R.; Shriner, R. Western equine encephalitis in avian populations in North Dakota, 1975. J. Wildl. Dis. 1989, 25, 481- ... Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) in Southern Asia and Oceania, Usutu virus (USUV) in Africa and Europe and Bagaza virus (BAGV ... WNV co-circulates with Saint Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV) in the Americas, Murray Valley encephalitis virus (MVEV) in ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/6/2/752/htm
*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | PREVIOUS INFECTION WITH WEST NILE OR ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES...
Louis encephalitis virus prevented viremia from St. Louis encephalitis virus, but only reduced West Nile virus viremia titers. ... Louis encephalitis viruses and then challenged 6 weeks post infection with either homologous or heterologous viruses. Although ... Heterologous challenge with West Nile virus in birds previously infected with St. Louis encephalitis virus produced the ... Louis encephalitis virus. Our data have broad implications for free-ranging avian serological diagnostics and possibly for the ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2006.75.480
*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Serologic Evidence of Various Arboviruses Detected in White-Tailed Deer...
Louis encephalitis, (3.7%), West Nile (6.0%), Maguari (19.4%), La Crosse (30.3%), and bluetongue (7.8%) viruses. At least one ... we tested 1,508 sera collected from 2010 to 2016 for antibodies to eastern equine encephalitis (2.5%), Powassan (4.2%), St. ... Circulation of eastern equine encephalitis, western equine encephalitis, Ilheus, Maguari and Tacaiuma viruses in equines of the ... An outbreak of eastern equine encephalitis virus in free-ranging white-tailed deer in Michigan. J Wildl Dis 43: 635-644.[ ...
  http://ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0180
*  Patente US7714106 - Neuropeptides and their use for pest control - Google Patentes
... eastern and western encephalitis, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, St. Louis encephalitis, chikungunya, oroponehe and ... An example of a useful virus includes the Baculovirus, Autographa californica Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus (AcNPV), which is ... direct transmission of a polynucleotide sequence from a cell or virus particle, transmission by infective virus particles, and ... Other nuclear polyhedrosis viruses (See World Health Organization Technical Report No. 531) such as Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf ...
  http://www.google.es/patents/US7714106?hl=es&dq=flatulence
*  Social history of viruses - Wikipedia
Louis encephalitis, eastern equine encephalitis and western equine encephalitis emerged in the US. The virus that causes La ... There are numerous causes, including viruses - particularly hepatitis A virus, hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus. ... yellow fever virus, dengue virus and Pappataci fever virus. More than 100 of such viruses are now known to cause human diseases ... Breitbart M, Rohwer F (2005). "Here a virus, there a virus, everywhere the same virus?". Trends in Microbiology. 13 (6): 278- ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_history_of_viruses
*  Vermont - Wikipedia
Tests for eastern equine encephalitis virus antibodies were positive in moose or deer in each of Vermont's counties. In 2012, ... The western border with New York and the area around Lake Champlain lies within the Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests. The ... Secretary (2014). "Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus Deer and Moose Serosurvey Project". Vermont Department of Public Health. ... Also, Vermont's western border is only a rough approximation of their borders with the Iroquoian Mohawk and the Algonquin ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vermont
*  Biology-Online • View topic - Recombination in RNA viruses,Ruzic,Kovac
Hahn, C. S., Lustig, S., Strauss, E. G. & Strauss, J. H. (1988). Western. equine encephalitis virus is a recombinant virus. ... example, the Western equine encephalitis (WEE) complex. viruses are the product of a single recombination event that. occurred ... related viruses, positive-sense and negative-sense viruses, DI. RNAs and viruses, satellite RNAs and viruses, and even with. ... between Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) and. a Sindbis-like virus, probably within the last 2000 years. (Weaver et al ...
  http://www.biology-online.org/biology-forum/about18913.html?p=123100&hilit=Putative
*  Mosquito Borne Diseases | Delta County, CO - Official Website
In Colorado, Western Equine Encephalitis ("Sleeping Sickness"), St. Louis Encephalitis, and West Nile Virus are all important ... Center for Food Security and Public Health: Equine Encephalitides. Center for Food Security and Public Health: West Nile Virus ... This virus is named after the West Nile region of Uganda where the virus was first isolated in 1937. West Nile virus first ... In people, West Nile Virus usually causes a mild illness, but it can also cause encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) or ...
  http://deltacounty.com/452/Mosquito-Borne-Diseases
*  US7491795B2 - Neuropeptides and their use for pest control - Google Patents
... eastern and western encephalitis, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, St. Louis encephalitis, chikungunya, oroponehe and ... An example of a useful virus includes the Baculovirus, Autographa californica Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus (AcNPV), which is ... direct transmission of a polynucleotide sequence from a cell or virus particle, transmission by infective virus particles, and ... Insect viruses, sequences, insecticidal compositions and methods US6096304A (en) 2000-08-01. Recombinant baculovirus ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US7491795?oq=flatulence
*  References | College of Veterinary Medicine
Clinical and neuropathological features of West Nile virus equine encephalomyelitis in Italy. Equine vet J 2000;32:31 - 35. ... Origin of the west nile virus responsible for an outbreak of encephalitis in the northeastern United States. Science 1999;286: ... Lundstrom J. Mosquito-borne viruses in western Europe: A review. J Vector Ecol 1999;24:1 - 39. ... Schmidt J, El Mansboury H. Natural and experimaental infection of Egyptian equines with West Nile virus. Ann Trop Med Parasitol ...
  https://vet.osu.edu/extension/references
*  Medical World Search
Louis encephalitis (SLE) virus. SLE virus is most prevalent in the southeastern and mid-western United States. However, WNV is ... Equine disease was first noted in Egypt and France in the early 1960s. Recent outbreaks of WNV encephalitis in humans have ... West Nile Encephalitis. 'Encephalitis" means an inflammation of the brain and can be caused by viruses and bacteria, including ... West Nile Virus (WNV) and Disease West Nile virus (WNV) is a mosquito-borne virus and is closely related to St. ...
  http://www.mwsearch.com/mosquito7702.html
*  EEEP - Clinical: Eastern Equine Encephalitis Antibody, IgG and IgM, Serum
Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) is within the alphavirus group. It is a low prevalence cause of human disease in the eastern ... Eastern equine encephalitis and Western equine encephalitis viruses show some cross-reactivity; however, antibody response to ... although Western equine encephalitis and Eastern equine encephalitis antigens will show a noticeable cross-reactivity. ... Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) is within the alphavirus group. It is a low prevalence cause of human disease in the eastern ...
  https://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Clinical+and+Interpretive/83155
*  AMPHIBIAN CONTRIBUTIONS TO ECOSYSTEM SERVICES - PDF
How amphibian effects on mosquitoes translate to the spread of human diseases such as eastern and western equine encephalitis, ... et al Antimicrobial peptides from amphibian skin potently inhibit human immunodeficiency virus infection and transfer of virus ... 2013). In Western culture, approximately half of all drugs are derived from natural sources (Clark 1996). Amphibians use ... Wood, S., and J. Richardson Evidence for ecosystem engineering in a lentic habitat by tadpoles of the Western Toad. Aquatic ...
  http://docplayer.net/1739323-Amphibian-contributions-to-ecosystem-services.html
*  Archives- | Vet Med News
Louis encephalitis and western equine encephalomyelitis virus, all transmitted by Culex mosquitoes. The collaboration also may ... Titled "Integration of Remote Sensing into Mosquito-borne Encephalitis Virus Intervention Decision Support Systems," the grant ... NASA satellite data and remote imagery will be used to forecast the risk of West Nile virus and other mosquito-borne virus ... we will produce 1-km resolution maps of mosquito abundance and virus transmission risk for California and the western United ...
  http://www.vetmed.ucdavis.edu/whatsnew/article2.cfm?id=1604
*  Mosquito-borne disease - Wikipedia
Saint Louis encephalitis, Western equine encephalitis, Eastern equine encephalitis, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, Ross River ... Louis encephalitis, West Nile virus (WNV), Japanese encephalitis, La Crosse encephalitis and several other encephalitic ... Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) and Western equine encephalitis (WEE) occurs in the United States where it causes disease in ... Examples are the Zika virus, chikungunya virus, yellow fever and dengue fever. The re-emergence of the viruses has been at a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosquito-borne_disease
*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Environmental and Biological Factors Influencing Culex pipiens...
Similar interactions could have epidemiologic implications for other vector-virus systems. We conducted an experiment to ... examine four such factors in combination: mosquito age, extrinsic incubation temperature (EIT), virus dose, and colony. The ... Louis encephalitis virus and could affect the epidemiology of virus transmission. ... Effect of temperature on the transmission of western equine encephalomyelitis and St. Louis encephalitis viruses by Culex ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2009.81.264
*  Equine Blog at Jeffers - Helpful tips and tidbits for Horse & Rider from all disciplines | Jeffers Pet
Jeffers Equine Blog strives to be informative, entertaining, and helpful. We hope to answer some common questions in regular ... West Nile Virus (WNV) is a viral disease that can cause encephalitis or meningitis, infection of the brain and the spinal cord ... West Nile Virus (1). *Western Saddle Fitting (1). *Worms in Horses (1) ... Equine Blog Jeffers Equine Blog strives to be informative, entertaining, and helpful. We hope to answer some common questions ...
  https://www.jefferspet.com/blogs/equine-blog
*  Number of West Nile Virus Cases Continues to Grow - BloodHorse
United States has now experienced a taste of West Nile virus since it first was detected in the Western Hemisphere in 1999. ... 1, mosquito season was well under way and Eastern equine encephalitis had reared its head in several states, with cases ... California's equine cases have steadily risen -- West Nile virus was confirmed in 158 horses by Aug. 26, and 82 of those died ... 26, the USDA had reported 351 equine cases in 28 states. The three states with the most equine cases were Arizona, California, ...
  https://www.bloodhorse.com/horse-racing/articles/174248/number-of-west-nile-virus-cases-continues-to-grow
*  Chatham County officials concerned about high West Nile virus activity
... other outdoor events have been canceled in parts of Massachusetts due to the West Nile virus and Eastern Equine Encephalitis, ... It was the first case in the Western Hemisphere of West Nile virus, which was first identified in a patient in Uganda in 1937, ... Adding to concerns is the recent positive testing of Eastern Equine Encephalitis that was discovered in a west Chatham County ... "We believe that the virus is established here," said Lewandowski. "We expect to see the virus year-to-year." ...
  http://savannahnow.com/news/2013-10-04/chatham-county-officials-concerned-about-high-west-nile-virus-activity?quicktabs_3=0
*  Biological and Chemical Terrorism:Strategic Plan for Preparedness and Response
Nipah virus, *hantaviruses, *tickborne hemorrhagic fever viruses, *tickborne encephalitis viruses, *yellow fever, and * ... eastern and western equine encephalomyelitis;. *ricin toxin from Ricinus communis (castor beans); *epsilon toxin of Clostridium ... Junin (Argentine hemorrhagic fever) and related viruses. Category B Second highest priority agents include those that *are ... Such agents as the variola virus, the causative agent of smallpox, are highly contagious and often fatal. Responding to large- ...
  https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr4904a1.htm
*  Increase in West Nile Neuroinvasive Disease after Hurricane Katrina - Volume 14, Number 5-May 2008 - Emerging Infectious...
... eastern and western equine encephalitis viruses; and Powassan, St. Louis encephalitis, and West Nile viruses). 2004 [cited 2007 ... Because West Nile virus (WNV) is now endemic in areas of the United States that are at risk for hurricanes, understanding ... Epidemiology and transmission dynamics of West Nile virus disease. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005;11:1167-73.PubMed ... Neuroinvasive and non-neuroinvasive domestic arboviral diseases (includes diseases caused by California serogroup viruses; ...
  https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/14/5/07-1066_article
*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | CALIFORNIA STATE MOSQUITO-BORNE VIRUS SURVEILLANCE AND RESPONSE PLAN: A...
... and Response Plan recently was developed to provide a semi-quantitative means for assessing risk for western equine ... Louis encephalitis (SLE) viruses and to provide intervention guidelines for mosquito control and public health agencies during ... equine cases (for WEE), 6) human cases, and 7) the proximity of virus activity to populated areas. Overall risk is categorized ... and the response plan also will provide a baseline for assessing the risk for human and equine infection with this virus. In ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2003.68.508
*  Forum of the North Carolina Medical Board :: State Publications
Western Encephalitis, Saint Louis Encephalitis, and LaCrosse virus Encephalitis) is available at the State Laboratory of Public ... from sentinel chicken flocks previous-ly established throughout the state for track-ing the Eastern Equine Encephalitis virus. ... it does not kill bacterial spores nor does it work well against viruses like the hepatitis A virus and Norwalk-like viruses. ... Laboratory testing for the WNV and other arboviral infections (Eastern Equine West Nile Virus Update Nolan Newton, PhD, Chief, ...
  http://digital.ncdcr.gov/cdm/singleitem/collection/p249901coll22/id/486394/rec/11