*  Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus - Wikipedia
Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus is a mosquito-borne viral pathogen that causes Venezuelan equine encephalitis or ... there have been 21 reported outbreaks of Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus. Outbreaks of Venezuelan equine encephalitis ... Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus". Retrieved 2007-03-17. Esparza J, Sánchez A (1975). "Multiplication of Venezuelan Equine ... "Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus". Croddy, Eric C. and Hart, C. Perez-Armendariz J., Chemical and Biological Warfare, ( ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venezuelan_equine_encephalitis_virus
*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | A NOVEL, RAPID ASSAY FOR DETECTION AND DIFFERENTIATION OF SEROTYPE...
... equines, and bovines, as well as in experimentally infected equines. The assay is simple, species-independent, rapid, and ... virus. Two monoclonal antibodies that differentially recognize epizootic versus enzootic VEE virus epitopes were used to ... It could also be used to determine the epidemic potential of a VEE virus following an intentional introduction for bioterrorism ... differentiation of serologic responses to enzootic variety IE and ID versus epizootic variety IAB and IC strains of Venezuelan ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2005.72.805
*  A Single Point Mutation Controls the Cholesterol Dependence of Semliki Forest Virus Entry and Exit | JCB
Eastern equine encephalitis virus); VEE (Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus); AURA (Aura virus); WEE (Western equine ... Semliki Forest virus); RRV (Ross River virus); ONN (O'Nyong-nyong virus); CHIK (Chikungunya virus) (NCBI 576465); EEE ( ... encephalitis virus); WHATE (Whataroa virus) (unpublished data from Drs. Y. Shirako and J. Strauss); OCK (Ockelbo virus); SV ( ... During virus budding, the forming virus particle must pinch off in a membrane fission reaction, but unlike virus membrane ...
  http://jcb.rupress.org/content/140/1/91
*  Altruistic World Online Library • View topic - Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus, by Wikipedia
Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus is a mosquito-borne viral pathogen that causes Venezuelan equine encephalitis or ... there has been 21 reported outbreaks of Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus.[3] Outbreaks of Venezuelan equine encephalitis ... Outbreak of Venezuelan Equine Encephalities'. Retrieved 2007-03-17.'PATHINFO: Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus'. Retrieved ... Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus. by Wikipedia. 12/12/15. NOTICE: THIS WORK MAY BE PROTECTED BY COPYRIGHT. YOU ARE REQUIRED ...
  http://survivorbb.rapeutation.com/viewtopic.php?f=194&t=1898
*  Passive antibody administration (immediate immunity) as a specific defense against biological weapons. (Perspective). - Free...
Eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus (EEEV), Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis virus (VEEV), and Western equine ... An attenuated variant of Eastern encephalitis virus: biological properties and protection induced in mice. Arch Virol 1975;47: ... Localization of a protective epitope on a Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis (VEE) virus peptide that protects mice from both ... Synthetic peptides of the E2 glycoprotein of Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis virus: II. Antibody to the amino terminus ...
  https://www.thefreelibrary.com/Passive+antibody+administration+
*  Infection of Human Dendritic Cells by Dengue Virus Causes Cell Maturation and Cytokine Production | The Journal of Immunology
Role of dendritic cell targeting in Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus pathogenesis. J. Virol. 74: 914. ... When the cells were examined 48 h after infection, bulky virus particles inside the vesicle were detected, and virus release ... The virus titer was determined to be 4 × 106 to 3 × 107 PFU/ml by plaquing on baby hamster kidney (BHK) cells. The strains of ... Measles virus infects human dendritic cells and blocks their allostimulatory properties for CD4+ T cells. J. Exp. Med. 186: 801 ...
  http://www.jimmunol.org/content/166/3/1499
*  Everglades (disambiguation) - Wikipedia
Florida Everglades virus, an alphavirus in the Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus complex USS Everglades (AD-24), a US ... a correctional centre opened in 1995 Everglades High School, a public school in Miramar, Florida Everglades University, a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Everglades_(disambiguation)
*  Toxins | Free Full-Text | Vaccines against Botulism | HTML
... rabies virus, Semliki Forest virus, and Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis virus. Among the potential recombinant protein vaccines ... 2.4.3. Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus-Based Vectors. Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis virus (VEE) is a mosquito borne virus ... influenza virus, rabies virus, Semliki Forest virus, and Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis virus. Among the potential recombinant ... Multiagent vaccines vectored by Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus replicon elicits immune responses to Marburg virus and ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6651/9/9/268/htm
*  IJMS | Free Full-Text | Melatonin: Buffering the Immune System | HTML
Increasing doses of melatonin (0.25 to 1 mg/kg) administered to mice infected with Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis virus ( ... Protective effects of melatonin in mice infected with encephalitis viruses. Arch. Virol 1995, 140, 223-230. [Google Scholar] ... Melatonin protects mice infected with venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis virus. Cell. Mol. Life Sci 1997, 53, 430-434. [Google ... Melatonin induces changes to serum cytokines in mice infected with the venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis virus. Trans. R. Soc ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/14/4/8638/htm
*  terrorism facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about terrorism
Venezuelan equine encephalitis, botulinum toxin, dengue fever, Russian spring-summer encephalitis, Lassa fever, Marburg, Ebola ... Viruses and toxins can be genetically altered to heighten their infectiousness, permitting the development of pathogens capable ... Biological elements such as disease-causing bacteria and viruses can become potent weapons when taken out of their natural ... There are at least seventy types of bacteria, viruses, rickettsiae, and fungi that can be weaponized, including tularemia, ...
  http://encyclopedia.com/social-sciences-and-law/political-science-and-government/political-science-terms-and-concepts-92
*  Patent US6333051 - Nanogel networks and biological agent compositions thereof - Google Patents
Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis, Rota virus, polyoma tumor virus, Feline leukemia virus, reovirus, respiratory synticial ... virus, Lassa fever virus, canine parvovirus, bovine pappiloma virus, tick borne encephalitis, rinderpest, human rhinovirus ... herpes-virus, Pox-virus) used as complete viruses of their parts. See, for example, Hodgson, Biotechnology, 1995, 13: 222. ... Virus Research Institute. Hydrogel microencapsulated vaccines. US5545423. 6 Mar 1995. 13 Aug 1996. Vivorx, Inc.. Cytoprotective ...
  http://www.google.com.au/patents/US6333051
*  Pharmaceutical product - Patent application
... virus), Ross River virus, Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus, adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors, and administration of DNA ... 0214]Insect cells can be used as expression system, for example Baculo virus expression system, or eukaryotic cells with for ... For example, commonly used promoters are derived from polyoma, Adenovirus 2, cytomegalovirus and Simian Virus 40. [0374]The ... Viral vectors include, e.g., replication defective retroviruses, adenoviruses and adeno-associated viruses. [0372]The ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20100124548
*  United States biological defense program - Wikipedia
Venezuelan equine encephalitis, Eastern and Western equine encephalitis, chikungunya fever, Argentine hemorrhagic fever, the ... That law defined a biological agent as: any micro-organism, virus, infectious substance, or biological product that may be ... Venezuelan equine encephalitis, Q fever, coccidioidomycosis, and a variety of plant and animal pathogens Particular attention ... Rift Valley fever and Venezuelan equine encephalitis). In addition, vaccines are provided to persons who may be occupationally ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_biological_defense_program
*  Federal Select Agent Program - Select Agents and Toxins Exclusions - Overlap
A humanised murine monoclonal antibody protects mice from Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus, Everglades virus and Mucambo ... VENEZUELAN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS. *. Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) subtypes ID and IE (effective 12-4-2012). The VEEV ... Sequencing of prototype viruses in the Venezuelan equine encephalitis antigenic complex. Virus Res. 1999 Oct;64(1):43-59. ... Geographic distribution of Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus subtype IE genotypes in Central America and Mexico. Am J Trop ...
  https://www.selectagents.gov/exclusions-overlap.html
*  U.S. Global Change Research Information Office
The heat and flooding precipitated a cluster of diseases involving mosquitoes (Venezuelan equine encephalitis and dengue fever ... Louis encephalitis viruses by Culex tarsalis (Diptera: Culicadae). Journal of Medical Entomology , 30, 51-160. Regaldo, A., ... Floods spread bacteria, viruses, and chemical contaminants, foster the growth of fungi, and contribute to the breeding of ... An outcome was the emergence of a "new" disease called Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome: from a virus--perhaps already present, ...
  http://www.gcrio.org/vol3no2/climhealth.html
*  CYCLIC AMP PHOSPHODIESTERASE 4D7 ISOFORMS AND METHODS OF USE - Memory Pharmaceuticals Corporation
Ross River virus (ATCC VR-373; ATCC VR-1246) and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (ATCC VR-923; ATCC VR-1250 ATCC VR-1249; ... adeno-associated virus, TMV, fowl pox virus, and pseudorabies. However, any other vector may be used as long as it is ... The prototype is the nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AcMNPV) from Autographa californica, which infects a number of lepidopteran ... Such vectors can be constructed from a wide variety of alphaviruses, including, for example, Sindbis virus vectors, Semliki ...
  http://www.freepatentsonline.com/y2005/0289660.html
*  Vaccine-Induced Cellular Immune Responses Reduce Plasma Viral Concentrations after Repeated Low-Dose Challenge with Pathogenic...
Vaccination of macaques against pathogenic simian immunodeficiency virus with Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus replicon ... A pathogenic threshold of virus load defined in simian immunodeficiency virus- or simian-human immunodeficiency virus-infected ... Novel adeno-associated virus vector vaccine restricts replication of simian immunodeficiency virus in macaques. J. Virol. 79: ... Vaccine protection against simian immunodeficiency virus by recombinant strains of herpes simplex virus. J. Virol. 74:7745-7754 ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC1472612/?lang=en-ca
*  WikiGenes - Replicon
Eradication of established tumors by vaccination with Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus replicon particles delivering human ... We have developed Sindbis virus replicon particles that express the measles virus (MV) hemagglutinin (SIN-H) or fusion (SIN-F) ... Decoying the cap- mRNA degradation system by a double-stranded RNA virus and poly(A)- mRNA surveillance by a yeast antiviral ... Hepatitis C virus RNA replication is regulated by host geranylgeranylation and fatty acids. Kapadia, S.B., Chisari, F.V. Proc. ...
  https://www.wikigenes.org/e/mesh/e/399.html
*  Anti-NTF97/Importin beta antibody [3E9] (ab2811) References
Atasheva S et al. Venezuelan equine Encephalitis virus capsid protein forms a tetrameric complex with CRM1 and importin alpha/ ... Nash K et al. Identification of cellular proteins that interact with the adeno-associated virus rep protein. J Virol 83:454-69 ... Jain P et al. Identification of human T cell leukemia virus type 1 tax amino acid signals and cellular factors involved in ... Germain MA et al. Elucidating novel hepatitis C virus-host interactions using combined mass spectrometry and functional ...
  http://www.abcam.com/ntf97importin-beta-antibody-3e9-ab2811-references.html
*  Biological and Chemical Terrorism:Strategic Plan for Preparedness and Response
Nipah virus, *hantaviruses, *tickborne hemorrhagic fever viruses, *tickborne encephalitis viruses, *yellow fever, and * ... Venezuelan encephalomyelitis,. *eastern and western equine encephalomyelitis;. *ricin toxin from Ricinus communis (castor beans ... Junin (Argentine hemorrhagic fever) and related viruses. Category B Second highest priority agents include those that *are ... Such agents as the variola virus, the causative agent of smallpox, are highly contagious and often fatal. Responding to large- ...
  https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr4904a1.htm
*  Indian Patents. 245499:'A PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITION FOR TREATING A DISEASE'
Ross River virus (ATCC VR-373; ATCC VR-1246) and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (ATCC VR-923; ATCC VR-1250; ATCC VR 1249 ... 2,200,651; and EP 0 345 242), alphavirus-based vectors (e.g., Sindbis virus vectors, Semliki forest virus (ATCC VR-67; ATCC VR- ... equine, canine, feline, porcine, and ovine animals. The subject is preferably a human, and may or may not be afflicted with ... Suitable examples include plasmids and bacterial viruses, e.g., pUCl 8, pUC19, Bluescript (e.g., pBS SK+) and its derivatives, ...
  http://www.allindianpatents.com/patents/245499-a-pharmaceutical-composition-for-treating-a-disease
*  COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR TREATING OR PREVENTING CONDITIONS AND DISEASES ASSOCIATED WITH MANNHEIMIA HAEMOLYTICA - Patent...
... virus (ATCC VR-67; ATCC VR-1247), Ross River virus (ATCC VR-373; ATCC VR-1246) and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (ATCC ... 2,200,651; EP 0 345 242; and WO 91/02805), alphavirus-based vectors (e.g., Sindbis virus vectors, Semliki forest ... Macrophage cell-lines for propagation of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus. ... and herpes simplex virus (HSV) BP16 protein fusions. [0073] These fusions can be made, for example, by covalently linking two ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20110296545
*  CR-2 Binding Peptide P28 as Molecular Adjuvant for DNA Vaccines - Patent application
... which includes Sindbis virus, Semliki Forest virus (SFV) and Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) virus. These RNA viruses ... virus type 1 immunogen expressed by a Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus vaccine vector. J. Virol., 71:3031-8. [0187]Caras, I ... For this, some promoters derived from viruses such as cytomegalovirus (CMV) or simian virus 40 (SV40) have been used. A cloning ... Gene Ther, 4:181-8. [0201]Degano P, S. D. (1998). Intradermal DNA immunization of mice against influenza A virus using the ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20100255075
*  Brevet WO1999051259A2 - Methods and products for stimulating the immune system using ... - Google Brevets
Sindbis virus, Chikungunya virus, O'Nyong-Nyong virus, Ross river virus, Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus, Western equine ... equine encephalitis viruses, rubella viruses); Flaviridae (e.g. dengue viruses, encephalitis viruses, yellow fever viruses); ... Dengue virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, St. Louis encephalitis virus, Murray Valley encephalitis virus, West Nile virus, ... Chikungunya virus, O'Nyong-Nyong vims, Ross river virus, Venezuelan equine encephalitis vims, Western equine encephalitis vims ...
  http://www.google.fr/patents/WO1999051259A2?cl=en
*  Plus it
Replicon-helper systems from attenuated Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus-expression of heterologous genes in vitro and ... such as Sindbis virus ( 19), Semliki Forest virus (SFV; ref. 14), and Venezuelan Equine encephalytis virus ( 20), have served ... Frolov I, Schlesinger S. Comparison of the effects of Sindbis virus and Sindbis virus replicons on host cell protein synthesis ... 1012 virus particles (vp)/mL, respectively. Helper virus contamination of these vectors was 1.2%, 4.1%, 0.6%, and 5% ...
  http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/66/3/1620