*  Neurotransmitter Secretion along Growing Nerve Processes: Comparison with Synaptic Vesicle Exocytosis | JCB
Its action is mediated by the binding of the toxin to high-affinity presynaptic receptors (Petrenko et al., 1991; Krasnoperov ... 1988) Nicotinic antagonists enhance process outgrowth by rat retinal ganglion cells in culture. Science 239:1293-1296, pmid: ... 1993) The kinetics of synaptic vesicle recycling measured at single presynaptic boutons. Neuron 11:713-724, pmid:8398156.. ... 1997) Activity regulates the synaptic localization of the NMDA receptor in hippocampal neurons. Neuron 19:801-812, pmid:9354327 ...
  http://jcb.rupress.org/content/144/3/507
*  GABAB Receptors
1998) Presynaptic and postsynaptic localization of GABAB receptors in neurons of the rat retina. European Journal of ... Malcangio M and Bowery NG (1995) Possible therapeutic application of GABAB receptor agonists and antagonists. Clinical ... GABAB receptors modulate synaptic transmission and are structurally related to the metabotropic glutamate receptors. The ... Wojcik WJ and Neff NH (1984) GABAB receptors are negatively coupled to adenylyl cyclase and in the cerebellum these receptors ...
  http://www.els.net/WileyCDA/ElsArticle/refId-a0000234.html
*  CGP 55845 hydrochloride | Abcam
... selective GABAB antagonist cited in 15 publications. Join researchers using high quality CGP 55845… ... GABA and glutamate release affected by GABAB receptor antagonists with similar potency: no evidence for pharmacologically ... different presynaptic receptors.. Br J Pharmacol 113:1515-21 (1994). Read more (PubMed: 7889310) » ... Agonists, activators, antagonists and inhibitors. Lysates. Multiplex miRNA assays. By research area. Cancer. Cardiovascular. ...
  http://www.abcam.com/cgp-55845-hydrochloride-ab120337.html
*  Regulation of Extracellular Concentrations of 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in Mouse Striatum by 5-HT1A and 5-HT1B Receptors |...
1997) The 5-HT1A receptor antagonist p-MPPI blocks responses mediated by postsynaptic and presynaptic 5-HT1A receptors. ... To confirm that the doses of both the 5-HT1Areceptor antagonist WAY 100635 and the 5-HT1B/1Dreceptor antagonist GR 127935 had ... 4, the effects of the 5-HT1A receptor agonist 8-OH-PIPAT (1 mg/kg) were completely blocked by the 5-HT1A receptor antagonist ... The effects of the 5-HT1B receptor agonist CP 94,253 (1.0 mg/kg) were completely blocked by the 5-HT1B/1D receptor antagonist ...
  http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/292/3/1111
*  Strychnine: A Potent Competitive Antagonist of α-Bungarotoxin-Sensitive Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors In Rat Hippocampal...
A presynaptic nicotinic mechanism appears to account for the ability of the toxin (1-100 μM; Koelle and McKinstry, 1976) to ... apparent affinity of an antagonist for the receptor. Kd apparent affinity of an agonist for the receptor. ... Regarding receptor specificity of strychnine, the glycine, GABA and nicotinic receptors are homologous members of a receptor ... type IA currents suggests a rapid dissociation of the antagonist from the receptor and a resistance of the receptor-antagonist ...
  http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/284/3/904
*  Pindolol - Wikipedia
"The putative 5-HT1A receptor antagonist DU125530 blocks the discriminative stimulus of the 5-HT1A receptor agonist flesinoxan ... Presynaptic and somatodendritic 5-HT1A receptors act as inhibitory autoreceptors, inhibit serotonin release, and are pro- ... The rationale behind this strategy has its basis in the fact that pindolol is an antagonist of the serotonin 5-HT1A receptor. ... Pindolol is a non-selective beta blocker or β-adrenergic receptor antagonist with partial agonist activity and also possesses ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pindolol
*  CGP 55845 hydrochloride | GABAB receptor antagonist | Hello Bio
... high quality GABAB receptor antagonist from Hello Bio, a trusted supplier for life science researchers worldwide ... no evidence for pharmacologically different presynaptic receptors.. Waldmeier PC et al (1994) Br J Pharmacol 113(4) : 1515-21. ... CGP55845 hydrochloride is a potent and selective GABAB receptor antagonist (IC50 = 5 nM). It inhibits [3H]CGP 27492 binding (pK ... GABA and glutamate release affected by GABAB receptor antagonists with similar potency: ...
  https://www.hellobio.com/cgp-55845-hydrochloride.html
*  AMPA Antagonist ZK200775 in Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke | Stroke
Presynaptic AMPA receptors, which regulate the synaptic release of glutamate, exist.26,27⇓ Blockade of these receptors by AMPA ... Browne SE, McCulloch J. AMPA receptor antagonists and local cerebral glucose utilization in the rat. Brain Res. 1994; 641: 10- ... Among the glutamate receptor blockers, NMDA antagonists have been the most frequently studied, but the occurrence of side ... Evidence for a role of presynaptic AMPA receptors in the control of neuronal glutamate release in the rat forebrain. Eur J ...
  http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/33/12/2813
*  Plus it
Activation of A1 receptors on presynaptic glutamatergic terminals largely causes the hypoxic depression of excitatory synaptic ... Because NMDA receptor antagonists prevent the neuronal death associated with repeated brief ischemia (Kato et al., 1990), ... The increase in extracellular adenosine inhibits glutamate release via presynaptic adenosine A1 receptors (Fowler, 1989; ... 1989) Adenosine antagonists delay hypoxia-induced depressions of neuronal activity in hippocampal brain slice. Brain Res 490: ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/21/7/2298
*  Plus it
When cGMP levels are high, from the end of week 2 and through week 3, the addition of the NMDA receptor antagonist AP-5 (Fig.2 ... Glutamate is released from the presynaptic terminal and activates both NMDA and AMPA receptors in the postsynaptic membrane. ... 1991) Disruption of retinogeniculate afferent segregation by antagonists to NMDA receptors. Nature 351:568-570. ... AMPAr, AMPA receptor; NMDAr, NMDA receptor. All other abbreviations are noted in the text. ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/21/11/3871
*  Generation and Characterization of Highly Constitutive Active Histamine H3 Receptors | Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental...
... against the MT6 receptors were lower compared with those observed in WT H3 receptors. In contrast, H3 antagonists (thioperamide ... The histamine H3 receptor was identified pharmacologically as a presynaptic autoreceptor regulating the release of histamine ... Binding of H3 agonists and antagonists to the WT H3 (a) and MT6 (b) receptors. Competition binding for 1.6 nM [3H]N-α- ... A potent antagonist of protease-activated receptor 2 that inhibits multiple signaling functions in human cancer cells ...
  http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/307/1/213
*  Plus it
... a GABAB receptor antagonist] to further isolate GABAA receptor-mediated IPSCs. At the end of the recording, to confirm the ... 1C), suggesting that gabapentin enhances GABAergic transmission in CeA via a presynaptic GABAB receptor-related mechanism. ... by a GABAB receptor antagonist, suggesting an important role for these receptors in the effects of gabapentin. Note, however, ... 4B), by 1 μm CGP, a GABAB receptor antagonist (Fig. 1B) (n = 5). Subsequent superfusion of CGP 55845A, together with 30 μm ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/28/22/5762
*  Double dissociation of spike timing-dependent potentiation and depression by subunit-preferring NMDA receptor antagonists in...
... receptor-dependent form of synaptic plasticity that could underlie the development of receptive field properties in sensory ... which was instead blocked by a GluN2B subunit-selective antagonist. Similar to the presynaptic NMDA receptor requirement for t- ... We first confirmed that NMDA receptors are necessary for both t-LTD and t-LTP, using the general NMDA receptor antagonist D-AP5 ... and that presynaptic NMDA receptors are required for t-LTD, but not t-LTP (Rodríguez-Moreno and Paulsen 2008). NMDA receptors ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Double-Dissociation-Spike-Timing-Dependent/19363149.html
*  Plus it
5-HT but not 2-Me-5-HT enhances sIPSCs after 5-HT3 receptor blockade. A, In the presence of the 5-HT3 receptor antagonist ... 5-HT2 receptors could enhance GABAergic synaptic transmission through a presynaptic or a postsynaptic mechanism. In this study ... This effect is mediated by receptors of the 5-HT2 family, in addition to 5-HT3 receptors. 5-HT may activate these receptors in ... This indicated that the additional 5-HT receptor belongs to 5-HT2 receptor family. 5-HT2 receptor activation resulted in an ...
  http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/285/2/805
*  Glutamate and psychiatric disorders | BJPsych Advances
NMDA receptor antagonists appear to stimulate 5-HT turnover and release more consistently than dopaminergic activity. The ... Kainate receptors are predominantly presynaptic and appear to regulate glutamate release. They include GluR5, GluR6, GluR7, ... The most structurally complex glutamatergic receptor is the NMDA receptor. This is the glutamate receptor most often implicated ... of the receptors that are targeted by the currently available drugs (i.e. the D2-like receptors, the 5-HT2A receptor, etc.). If ...
  http://apt.rcpsych.org/content/8/3/189
*  Kappa-bungarotoxin - Wikipedia
Kappa-bungarotoxin is a receptor antagonist, meaning it blocks the normal response of the receptor to acetylcholine, which ... this is in contrast to the beta-bungarotoxins which induce a pre-synaptic block. The distinction between the effects of alpha ... Kappa-bungarotoxin is a high affinity antagonist of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), particularly of CHRNA3; it ... The basis of this functional difference has been molecularly characterized as differences in receptor subtype specificity; the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kappa-bungarotoxin
*  S-15535 - Wikipedia
... at the presynaptic and postsynaptic 5-HT1A receptors, respectively. It has anxiolytic properties. Phenylpiperazine Millan MJ, ... a highly selective benzodioxopiperazine 5-HT1A receptor ligand which acts as an agonist and an antagonist (weak partial agonist ... 1A receptors: I. Interaction with cloned human (h)5-HT1A, dopamine hD2/hD3 and h alpha2A-adrenergic receptors in relation to ... "Novel benzodioxopiperazines acting as antagonists at postsynaptic 5-HT1A receptors and as agonists at 5-HT1A autoreceptors: a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S-15535
*  Plus it
Glutamate receptor antagonists and the adenosine receptor antagonist 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthin (DCPCX) were obtained ... 1993) Mechanisms of mu-opiod receptor-mediated presynaptic inhibition in rat hippocampus in vitro. J Physiol (Lond) 470:539-558 ... Responses were collected before, at the end of application of DPCPX (an adenosine A1 receptor antagonist), and after washing.C ... CsCl (5 mm) and kynurenic acid (1.5 mm, a general ionotropic glutamate receptor antagonist) were applied throughout the ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/18/22/9256
*  Plus it
Bath application of 200 nM naltriben (NTB), a delta 2 receptor antagonist, competitively increased the EC75 of DELT by 15.3- ... suggesting a presynaptic site of action of these opioid receptor agonists. ... Bath application of the mu receptor agonist [D-Ala2, N-MePhe4, Gly5-ol]enkephalin (DAMGO) or the delta 1 receptor agonist [D- ... By comparison, the delta 2 receptor agonist [D- Ala2,Glu4]deltorphin (DELT) was unable to reduce the evoked EPSP/EPSC by more ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/14/8/4965
*  Plus it
2001) CGP 36216 is a selective antagonist at GABA(B) presynaptic receptors in rat brain. Eur J Pharmacol 415:191-195, doi: ... is a selective GABAB antagonist that is most active at presynaptic receptors (Ong et al., 2001); and (3) 2-Hydroxysaclofen (2 ... an antagonist of postsynaptic GABAA inhibition; (2) CGP 36216, an antagonist of presynaptic GABAB inhibition; and (3) 2- ... 1988) 2-Hydroxy-saclofen: an improved antagonist at central and peripheral GABAB receptors. Neurosci Lett 92:92-96, doi:10.1016 ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/35/49/16199
*  Frontiers | Dopamine D2 Antagonist-Induced Striatal Nur77 Expression Requires Activation of mGlu5 Receptors by Cortical...
... with corticostriatal presynaptic D2 receptors and subsequent activation of postsynaptic glutamate and adenosine receptors in ... we investigated D2 antagonist-induced Nur77 mRNA in D2L receptor knockout mice. Surprisingly, deletion of the D2L receptor ... we investigated D2 antagonist-induced Nur77 mRNA in D2L receptor knockout mice. Surprisingly, deletion of the D2L receptor ... A combination of a metabotropic glutamate type 5 (mGlu5) and adenosine A2A receptor antagonists abolished eticlopride-induced ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphar.2012.00153/full
*  Plus it
All synaptic events were abolished by GABAA receptor antagonist BIC (20 μm), but not AMPA receptor antagonist CNQX (10 μm). D, ... D, Overlay of the normalized time courses of presynaptic FM intensity (open square), GABAA receptor current (filled circle), ... In addition to AMPA receptors, NMDA receptors are another major subtype of ionotropic glutamate receptors. We further examined ... 3B). The spontaneous currents detected at 4-6 h after coculture were completely abolished by GABAA receptor-specific antagonist ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/27/40/10860
*  PSYC Call for Commentators: BIOCHEMICAL BASIS OF COMA (969 lines)
This effect still occurs in the presence of GABA receptor antagonists. The authors note that the K+ mechanism is ubiquitous in ... and some presynaptic) receptors, and a complex series of postsynaptic cascades involving various nucleotides. These provided ... In the post-dopamine D1 receptor endosome system, transferrin and the D1 receptor-dopamine complex co-localize in the same ... and to act as antagonists (Andoh et al, 1997; Franks and Lieb, 1997). Ether increases the burst frequency at this receptor by ...
  http://www.bio.net/bionet/mm/neur-sci/1999-September/040643.html
*  S-15,535 - Wikipedia
S-15535 je fenilpiperazinski lek koji je potentan i visoko selektivan ligand 5-HT1A receptor. On je agonist i antagonist (slab ... at presynaptic and postsynaptic sites respectively". Eur J Pharmacol. 230 (1): 99-102. PMID 8381359. doi:10.1016/0014-2999(93) ... 1993). "S 15535: a highly selective benzodioxopiperazine 5-HT1A receptor ligand which acts as an agonist and an antagonist ( ... 1A receptors: I. Interaction with cloned human (h)5-HT1A, dopamine hD2/hD3 and h alpha2A-adrenergic receptors in relation to ...
  https://sh.wikipedia.org/wiki/S-15535
*  Cannabinoid receptor antagonist - Wikipedia
In addition, CB1 receptors inhibit presynaptic N- and P/Q-type calcium channels and activate inwardly rectifying potassium ... A cannabinoid receptor antagonist, also known simply as a cannabinoid antagonist or as an anticannabinoid, is a type of ... The discovery of the endocannabinoid system led to the development of CB1 receptor antagonists. The first CBR antagonist, ... cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) and 2 (CB2). Both receptors are 7-transmembrane G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) which inhibit ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannabinoid_receptor_antagonist