*  Parallel Motion Processing for the Initiation of Short-Latency Ocular Following in Humans | Journal of Neuroscience
2D visual motion integration. In primates, short-latency ocular following responses help vision by stabilizing the image of the ... and physiological (Pack and Born, 2001) evidence that 2D motion computation is a dynamical process that takes several tens of ... Parallel Motion Processing for the Initiation of Short-Latency Ocular Following in Humans. Guillaume S. Masson and Eric Castet ... 1992) Information processing in the primate visual system: an integrated systems perspective. Science 67:961-980. ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/22/12/5149
*  Ocular tremor - Wikipedia
It is contentious whether ocular microtremor assists vision. Visual processes deteriorate rapidly in the absence of retinal ... Ocular microtremor (OMT) is a constant, physiological, high frequency (peak 80Hz), low amplitude (estimated circa 150-2500nm (1 ... 2001). "Ocular microtremor: a tool for measuring depth of anaesthesia?" Br J Anaesth 86(4): 519-22. 4. Bolger, C., S. Bojanic, ... 2000). "Ocular microtremor (OMT): a new neurophysiological approach to multiple sclerosis." J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 68(5 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocular_tremor
*  Tom Cornsweet - Wikipedia
In: Visual Psychophysics: The physiological foundations. Academic Press. (1978) T.N. Cornsweet, S. Hersh, R. Beesmer, and D. ... Crane, H.D.; Cornsweet, T.N. (1970). "Ocular focus stimulator". Journal of the Optical Society of America. 60: 577. doi:10.1364 ... 1983) Cornsweet, T.N. (1983). "Image processing in the retina". Journal of the Optical Society of America. 73: 1944. doi: ... Visual Pathways folded after several years after shipping only 24 devices. Until his death in 2017, Cornsweet was Professor of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tom_Cornsweet
*  W. H. Calvin's "Cortical Columns, Modules, and Hebbian Cell Assemblies" (MIT Press 1995)
Visual cortex). The relationships between minicolumns and macrocolumns are best seen there (see Miller, Ocular dominance and ... Are there physiological clones of cerebral schemas that might help us identify a cerebral code such as the relevant Hebbian ... Bullock, T.H., 1980, Reassessment of neural connectivity and its specification, in Information Processing in the Nervous System ... recording in monkey visual cortex, saw curtainlike clusters ("ocular dominance columns") which specialized in the left eye, ...
  http://www.williamcalvin.com/1990s/1995Handbook.htm
*  Frontiers | Error detection and representation in the olivo-cerebellar system | Frontiers in Neural Circuits
The ocular following response (OFR) is an eye-movement reflex elicited by brief, unexpected movements of a visual scene such as ... Apps, R., and Garwicz, M. (2005). Anatomical and physiological foundations of cerebellar information processing. Nat. Rev. ... Khan, M. A., and Franks, I. M. (2003). Online versus offline processing of visual feedback in the production of component ... for visual information processing across the retina. This mixture of feedforward and feedback control in OFR may explain the ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fncir.2013.00001/full
*  Chromostereopsis - Wikipedia
This study also concluded that chromostereopsis starts in the early stages of visual cortical processing, first in the occipito ... This induced ocular disparity makes blue rays appear to come from a more distant source than red rays. Chromostereopsis may ... anatomical and/or physiological explanation behind the phenomena. For example, in 1958 Dutch art historian De Wilde noted that ... Chromostereopsis is a visual illusion whereby the impression of depth is conveyed in two-dimensional color images, usually of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromostereopsis
*  Computational physics of the mind - Cogprints
Orientation and Ocular Dominance Columns in the Visual Cortex: A Critical Comparison. Neural Computation 7 (1995) 425-468 ... Computational physics allows to simulate complex neural processes giving a chance to answer not only the original ... Physiological Reviews 46 (1968) 513-591 \bibitem{cowan} J.D. Cowan, A statistical mechanics of nervous activity. ... processes and thinking machines. Journal of Theor. Biology 2 (1961) 204-235; ...
  http://cogprints.org/914/index.html
*  Neurotrophin-4/5 Alters Responses and Blocks the Effect of Monocular Deprivation in Cat Visual Cortex during the Critical...
Control of this process lies in the cortical cells, because decreased postsynaptic activity can direct the physiological and ... d, Ocular dominance histogram compiled from cells recorded in untreated primary visual cortex of six cats with normal visual ... The diffuse ocular dominance pattern is not a mere artifact of reduced visual responsiveness that obscures the ocular dominance ... NT-4/5 prevents ocular dominance plasticity. Ocular dominance histograms compiled from cells recorded in primary visual cortex ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/20/24/9174.long
*  Sensory maps and brain development - Wikipedia
... ocular dominance, and spatial frequency. The elastic net uses parallel algorithms to analyze the visual field and allows for ... The developmental process of an organism guides sensory map formation; the details are yet unknown. The development of sensory ... thereby creating a physiological map of auditory space. The receptive fields of the neurons found in the midbrain auditory ... model has been proposed after studying how the primary visual cortex overlaps multiple visual maps, such as visual field ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sensory_maps_and_brain_development
*  Reflections on colourful ommatidia of butterfly eyes | Journal of Experimental Biology
Modeling primary visual processes in insect photoreceptors. In Molecular Mechanisms in Visual Transduction. Handbook of ... and green-absorbing visual pigments of Drosophila: ectopic expression and physiological characterization of the R8 ... Miller, W. H. (1979). Ocular optical filtering. In Handbook of Sensory Physiology, vol.VII/6A (ed. H. Autrum), pp.69 -143. ... Scherer, C. and Kolb, G. (1987a). Behavioral experiments on the visual processing of color stimuli in Pieris brassicae L. ( ...
  http://jeb.biologists.org/content/205/8/1077
*  Review of research on the use of coloured lenses - Dyslexia Daily Blog
Colour and visual discomfort in migraineurs. The Lancet, 338, 890.. Croyle, L. (1998). Rate of reading, visual processing, ... These results were used to support physiological evidence that red light suppresses functioning of the Magnocellular visual ... The influence of tinted lenses upon ocular accommodation. Vision Research, 41, 1229-1238. ... Reading and visual discomfort. In D. M. Willows, R. S. Kruk, & E. Corcos (Eds.), Visual processes in reading and reading ...
  https://www.dyslexiadaily.com/blog/review-research-use-coloured-lenses/
*  Accommodative and vergence responses to conflicting blur and disparity stimuli during development | JOV | ARVO Journals
... after the time by which the optics of the eye and spatial visual processing are expected to support this performance (Bradley ... They reported no accommodative abnormalities or ocular symptoms and had low amounts of hyperopia or up to 1 D of myopia. The ... American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics, 59, 774-784. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [PubMed] ... Vergence-accommodation conflicts hinder visual performance and cause visual fatigue. Journal of Vision, 8, (3):33, 1-30, http ...
  http://jov.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2203975
*  Tetrachromacy - Wikipedia
In humans, preliminary visual processing occurs in the neurons of the retina. It is not known how these nerves would respond to ... "Visual pigments, cone oil droplets and ocular media in four species of estrildid finch". Journal of Comparative Physiology A. ... Species with tetrachromatic color vision may have an unknown physiological advantage over rival species. The goldfish ( ... Visual information leaves the eye by way of the optic nerve; it is not known whether the optic nerve has the spare capacity to ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tetrachromacy
*  Effects of gestational length, gender, postnatal age, and birth order on visual contrast sensitivity in infants
Abnormal magnocellular pathway visual processing in infants at risk for autism. Biological Psychiatry. 2007;62:1007-1014. [ ... An adult-like pattern of ocular dominance columns in striate cortex of newborn monkeys prior to visual experience. Journal of ... In fact, there is a sizeable literature showing that different aspects of physiological maturity at birth predict visual ... which we chose because they have all been shown to predict visual and non-visual behaviors (see Discussion). Our visual ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2951975/
*  Responses of different cell lines from ocular tissues to elevated hydrostatic pressure | British Journal of Ophthalmology
1979) Multivariate analysis of the risk of glaucomatous visual field loss. Arch Ophthalmol 97:1455-1458. ... In addition, our findings may have broad relevance to the physiological function of the secretory epithelium as they pertain to ... Although control cells shown in (A) exhibit short processes and a diffuse filamentous staining, cells exposed to elevated ... 1989) Receptor-mediated phosphoinositide hydrolysis in human ocular ciliary epithelial cells. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 30:1675 ...
  http://bjo.bmj.com/content/84/4/423
*  Binocular vision - Wikipedia
... essentially the average of the two monocular visual directions. This is called allelotropia. The origin of the new visual ... Binocular summation is the process by which the detection threshold for a stimulus is lower with two eyes than with one. There ... Miles, W. R. (1930). "Ocular dominance in human adults". Journal of General Psychology. 3: 412-430. doi:10.1080/00221309.1930. ... Physiological Optics. 28 (4): 317-326. doi:10.1111/j.1475-1313.2008.00568.x. Hamed, M.; Goss, D. A.; Marzieh, E. (2013). "The ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binocular_vision
*  Clinicopathological effects of pepper (oleoresin capsicum) spray | HKMJ
23 Therefore prompt ocular irrigation is important to avoid potentially permanent ocular sequelae. ... Both respond to a range of physiological stimuli such as heat, cold, nociception, and mechanical distension. Upon stimulation ... the best-corrected visual acuity with spectacles did not improve beyond 20/40 after 7 months because of irregular astigmatism ... over 70 in-custody deaths have involved the use of OC spray during the arrest process.29 At the same time, Amnesty ...
  http://www.hkmj.org/abstracts/v21n6/542.htm
*  heart rate
Indeed, many physiological processes exhibit a circadian pattern, including the sleep- wake cycle, heartbeat, .. ... African and European Descent, Ocular Blood Flow and Glaucoma Progression. Alon Harris; Fiscal Year: 2013 ... visual field testing (using standard automated perimetry), Fourier domain Doppler optical .. ... Combining physiological (e.g., heart rate (HR)) and body movement registration (e.g., accelerometry) may overcome limitations ...
  https://www.labome.org/topics/physical/natural/biological/circulatory/cardiovascular/cardiovascular/hemodynamic/heart-rate-20007.html
*  Nystagmus - Wikipedia
Physiological nystagmus is a form of involuntary eye movement that is part of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR), characterized ... The process proceeds indefinitely. This is optokinetic nystagmus, and is a source for understanding the fixation reflex. ... In medicine, the presence of nystagmus can be benign, or it can indicate an underlying visual or neurological problem. ... The direction of ocular movement is related to the semicircular canal that is being stimulated. There are two key forms of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nystagmus
*  Patent US20050085908 - New ophthalmic lens materials with high refractive index and biocompatible ... - Google Patents
New aryl acrylic core polymers processed with a thin layer of biocompatible hydrophilic polymers on the surface for the medical ... They are uniquely processed onto the surface of the core polymer under very mild conditions, i.e., the process only requires ... Besides, the ideal ocular implant must have a stable elastic structure that will not be damaged, distorted, or destroyed by ... The irreversible silicone oil adhesion to the silicone IOL surface not only diminished the patient's visual acuity, but also ...
  http://www.google.co.uk/patents/US20050085908
*  Prism adaptation - Wikipedia
Prism exposure promotes the resetting of the ocular-motor system in the brain and results in improved higher order visual ... Helmholtz, H. E. F. von (1909/1962). Treatise on Physiological Optics. J. P. C. Southall, Ed. and Trans. New York: Dover. ( ... The reduction in error is also helped by an unconscious process referred to as spatial realignment, which gradually realigns ... Improvements in visual-motor, visual-verbal, behavioral, and spatial cognitive tasks were observed to last up to 5 weeks after ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prism_adaptation
*  US5094521A - Apparatus for evaluating eye alignment - Google Patents
... another frame image of the same eye and gaze position or both eyes in the same frame to thereby determine a patient's ocular ... Method for Performing Micro-Perimetry and Visual Acuity Testing US7025459B2 (en) 2006-04-11. Ocular fundus auto imager ... Facial image processing system EP1320830A4 (en) * 2000-07-24. 2007-05-02. Seeing Machines Pty Ltd. Facial image processing ... Screening method for monitoring physiological variables US4648052A (en) * 1983-11-14. 1987-03-03. Sentient Systems Technology, ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US5094521
*  US5719656A - Contact lens utilizing stiles-crawford effect - Google Patents
The channels additionally provide increased oxygen flow to the cornea and lens, thereby diminishing the physiological burden ... In the process, the eye is mapped with a conventional field test to determine the diseased portion of the eye and those ... Theoretical limits to visual performance. Yamane et al. 2004. Ocular higher-order aberrations and contrast sensitivity after ... Process of spincasting a compound contact lens US5260727A (en) * 1990-10-22. 1993-11-09. Oksman Henry C. Wide depth of focus ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US5719656?oq=U.S.+Patent+No.+4%2C528%2C643
*  Essilor - Wikipedia
This prize rewards people who acted in favor of visual health. He received this distinction for having invented, in 1959, the ... This institute is a research center on ocular pathologies. The development of technologies improving the life of visually ... In France, new instruments facilitated the automation of the manufacturing process. Many distributors were acquired or merged ... It comprises five stages: Collection of the wearer's physiological data Optical design Creation of prototype lenses Measurement ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Essilor
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
Compensatory ocular movements are generated by processing vestibular and optokinetic information into a command signal that ... The robot is equipped with 2 high-speed video cameras providing visual motion input to a fly placed in front of 2 CRT computer ... Infrared light pulses were used to synchronize the timing between the video and the physiological signal over a long recording ... The processing of the vestibular and optokinetic information can be investigated separately and together, allowing the ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/23940511/vibrot-simple-device-for-conversion-vibration-into-rotation-mediated