*  Judith F. Aronson, M.D. | Department of Pathology | UTMB Health
Equine Amplification And Virulence Of Subtype IE Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Viruses Isolated During The 1993 And 1996 ... mutant and revertants arising in vivo define early steps in the pathogenesis of Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus. Virology ... Common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) as a nonhuman primate model to assess the virulence of Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus ... Pichinde virus is trafficked through a dynamin-2 endocytic pathway that is dependent on cellular Rab5- and Rab7-mediated ...
  https://www.utmb.edu/pathology/faculty/bios/aronson.asp
*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | A NOVEL, RAPID ASSAY FOR DETECTION AND DIFFERENTIATION OF SEROTYPE...
... equines, and bovines, as well as in experimentally infected equines. The assay is simple, species-independent, rapid, and ... virus. Two monoclonal antibodies that differentially recognize epizootic versus enzootic VEE virus epitopes were used to ... It could also be used to determine the epidemic potential of a VEE virus following an intentional introduction for bioterrorism ... differentiation of serologic responses to enzootic variety IE and ID versus epizootic variety IAB and IC strains of Venezuelan ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2005.72.805
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Aaron C. Brault
Rescue and Characterization of Recombinant Virus from a New World Zika Virus Infectious Clone' ... Jan, 2003 , Pubmed ID: 12502837 Equine-virulent, epidemic/epizootic strains of Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) virus (VEEV ... Envelope Glycoprotein Mutations Mediate Equine Amplification and Virulence of Epizootic Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus ... Epidemics of Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) result from high-titer equine viremia of IAB and IC subtype viruses that ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Aaron++C._Brault
*  Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus - Wikipedia
Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus is a mosquito-borne viral pathogen that causes Venezuelan equine encephalitis or ... there have been 21 reported outbreaks of Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus. Outbreaks of Venezuelan equine encephalitis ... Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus". Retrieved 2007-03-17. Esparza J, Sánchez A (1975). "Multiplication of Venezuelan Equine ... "Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus". Croddy, Eric C. and Hart, C. Perez-Armendariz J., Chemical and Biological Warfare, ( ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venezuelan_equine_encephalitis_virus
*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Volume 85, Issue 6
Candidate Vectors and Rodent Hosts of Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus, Chiapas, 2006-2007 Authors: Eleanor R. Deardorff, ... Enzootic Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) has been known to occur in Mexico since the 1960s. The first natural ... A Neurotropic Virus Isolated from the Blood of a Native of Uganda 1 Authors: K. C. Smithburn, T. P. Hughes, A. W. Burke and J. ... Techniques for Hemagglutination and Hemagglutination-Inhibition with Arthropod-Borne Viruses Authors: D. H. Clarke and J. ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/14761645/85/6?page=2
*  Vector competence of Aedes aegypti in transmitting Chikungunya virus: effects and implications of extrinsic incubation...
... temperature on the vector competence of Aedes taeniorhynchus for Rift Valley fever and Venezuelan equine encephalitis viruses. ... Rapid infection of salivary glands in Culiseta melanura with eastern equine encephalitis virus: an electron microscopic study. ... Louis encephalitis virus in mosquitoes. AmJTrop Med Hyg. 1980;29(5):963-8.Google Scholar. ... Louis encephalitis viruses. AmJTrop Med Hyg. 1990;42(5):500-11.Google Scholar. ...
  https://virologyj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12985-016-0566-7
*  NCRR Names Grieder Associate Director, January 4, 2005 NIH Record - National Institutes of Health (NIH)
... emerging viral threats and the molecular genetics of Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) virus, which is on the Centers for ... and conducted postdoctoral research on the VEE virus at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She has written ... Since 1993, Grieder has been on the faculty and has conducted research at the medical school of the Uniformed Services ...
  https://nihrecord.nih.gov/newsletters/2005/01_04_2005/story06.htm
*  PKR acts early in infection to suppress Semliki Forest virus production and strongly enhances the type I interferon response
Role of interferon and interferon regulatory factors in early protection against Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus infection ... PKR does not affect virus RNA replication, but delays virus protein synthesis and production of infectious virus. As measured ... and Sindbis virus (SV)-infected mice and these infections serve as general models to study virus encephalitis (Fazakerley, 2004 ... but delayed virus protein production and release of infectious virus. In the presence of PKR, total virus production was ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2885058/
*  Altruistic World Online Library • View topic - Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus, by Wikipedia
Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus is a mosquito-borne viral pathogen that causes Venezuelan equine encephalitis or ... there has been 21 reported outbreaks of Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus.[3] Outbreaks of Venezuelan equine encephalitis ... Outbreak of Venezuelan Equine Encephalities'. Retrieved 2007-03-17.'PATHINFO: Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus'. Retrieved ... Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus. by Wikipedia. 12/12/15. NOTICE: THIS WORK MAY BE PROTECTED BY COPYRIGHT. YOU ARE REQUIRED ...
  http://survivorbb.rapeutation.com/viewtopic.php?f=194&t=1898
*  CYCLIC AMP PHOSPHODIESTERASE 4D7 ISOFORMS AND METHODS OF USE - Memory Pharmaceuticals Corporation
Ross River virus (ATCC VR-373; ATCC VR-1246) and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (ATCC VR-923; ATCC VR-1250 ATCC VR-1249; ... adeno-associated virus, TMV, fowl pox virus, and pseudorabies. However, any other vector may be used as long as it is ... The prototype is the nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AcMNPV) from Autographa californica, which infects a number of lepidopteran ... Such vectors can be constructed from a wide variety of alphaviruses, including, for example, Sindbis virus vectors, Semliki ...
  http://www.freepatentsonline.com/y2005/0289660.html
*  METHODS OF TREATING ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE AND OTHER TAUOPATHIES WITH INHIBITORS OF MICROTUBULE AFFINITY REGULATING KINASE - THE...
Semliki Forest virus (SFV), and Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis virus (VEE), will also find use as viral vectors for delivering ... are chimeric alphavirus vectors comprised of sequences derived from Sindbis virus and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus. See ... pox viruses and vaccinia viruses.. The term "derived from" is used herein to identify the original source of a molecule but is ... including vaccinia virus and avian poxvirus. By way of example, vaccinia virus recombinants expressing the CagA peptides or ...
  http://www.freepatentsonline.com/y2016/0030510.html
*  HIV polynucleotides and polypeptides derived from Botswana MJ4 - Patent application
Semlild Forest virus, and/or Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus. See, e.g., U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,789,245; 5,814,482; and ... feline leukemia virus, bovine leukemia virus, avian leukosis virus, equine infectious anemia virus, rous sarcoma virus, htlv-i ... and Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis viruses, will also find use as viral vectors for delivering the polynucleotides of the ... derived from the pox family of viruses, including vaccinia virus and avian poxvirus. By way of example, vaccinia virus ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20090208530
*  Patent US6333051 - Nanogel networks and biological agent compositions thereof - Google Patents
Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis, Rota virus, polyoma tumor virus, Feline leukemia virus, reovirus, respiratory synticial ... virus, Lassa fever virus, canine parvovirus, bovine pappiloma virus, tick borne encephalitis, rinderpest, human rhinovirus ... herpes-virus, Pox-virus) used as complete viruses of their parts. See, for example, Hodgson, Biotechnology, 1995, 13: 222. ... Virus Research Institute. Hydrogel microencapsulated vaccines. US5545423. 6 Mar 1995. 13 Aug 1996. Vivorx, Inc.. Cytoprotective ...
  http://www.google.com.au/patents/US6333051
*  Health care in Colombia - Wikipedia
Other diseases such as Leishmania, rabies, Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus and West nile virus are also present in ... Estimates of the number of people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), adults and children (0-49 years of age), in ... or 0.6 percent of the population had been infected with the virus since AIDS arrived in Colombia in October 1983. ... A 1993 reform transformed the structure of public health care funding by shifting the burden of subsidy from providers to users ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_care_in_Colombia
*  WikiGenes - Replicon
Eradication of established tumors by vaccination with Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus replicon particles delivering human ... We have developed Sindbis virus replicon particles that express the measles virus (MV) hemagglutinin (SIN-H) or fusion (SIN-F) ... Decoying the cap- mRNA degradation system by a double-stranded RNA virus and poly(A)- mRNA surveillance by a yeast antiviral ... Hepatitis C virus RNA replication is regulated by host geranylgeranylation and fatty acids. Kapadia, S.B., Chisari, F.V. Proc. ...
  https://www.wikigenes.org/e/mesh/e/399.html
*  Aral Sea - Wikipedia
... and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus. In 1971, weaponized smallpox from the island reached a nearby ship, which then ... allowed the virus to spread to the city of Aral. Ten people there were infected, of whom 3 died, and a massive vaccination ... 1993 by the ICWC to raise funds for the projects under Aral Sea Basin programs. The IFAS was meant to finance programs to save ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aral_Sea
*  Презентация
During that period it weaponised bacteria such as anthrax, viruses similar to that which causes Venezuelan equine encephalitis ... Today, a similar virus could kill tens of millions in a fraction of the time. So, in today's world, any threat to one is truly ... As a result, any one of the 700m people who travel on airlines in a year could unwittingly carry a lethal virus to an ... Bacteria are tiny, single-celled living organisms; viruses are very small elements of hereditary material, surrounded by a ...
  https://www.docme.ru/doc/606484/prezentaciya
*  A Single Point Mutation Controls the Cholesterol Dependence of Semliki Forest Virus Entry and Exit | JCB
Eastern equine encephalitis virus); VEE (Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus); AURA (Aura virus); WEE (Western equine ... Semliki Forest virus); RRV (Ross River virus); ONN (O'Nyong-nyong virus); CHIK (Chikungunya virus) (NCBI 576465); EEE ( ... encephalitis virus); WHATE (Whataroa virus) (unpublished data from Drs. Y. Shirako and J. Strauss); OCK (Ockelbo virus); SV ( ... During virus budding, the forming virus particle must pinch off in a membrane fission reaction, but unlike virus membrane ...
  http://jcb.rupress.org/content/140/1/91
*  United States biological defense program - Wikipedia
Venezuelan equine encephalitis, Eastern and Western equine encephalitis, chikungunya fever, Argentine hemorrhagic fever, the ... That law defined a biological agent as: any micro-organism, virus, infectious substance, or biological product that may be ... Venezuelan equine encephalitis, Q fever, coccidioidomycosis, and a variety of plant and animal pathogens Particular attention ... Rift Valley fever and Venezuelan equine encephalitis). In addition, vaccines are provided to persons who may be occupationally ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_biological_defense_program
*  Passive antibody administration (immediate immunity) as a specific defense against biological weapons. (Perspective). - Free...
Eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus (EEEV), Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis virus (VEEV), and Western equine ... An attenuated variant of Eastern encephalitis virus: biological properties and protection induced in mice. Arch Virol 1975;47: ... Localization of a protective epitope on a Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis (VEE) virus peptide that protects mice from both ... Synthetic peptides of the E2 glycoprotein of Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis virus: II. Antibody to the amino terminus ...
  https://www.thefreelibrary.com/Passive+antibody+administration+
*  U.S. Global Change Research Information Office
The heat and flooding precipitated a cluster of diseases involving mosquitoes (Venezuelan equine encephalitis and dengue fever ... of temperature on the transmission of western equine encephalomyelitis and St. Louis encephalitis viruses by Culex tarsalis ( ... Floods spread bacteria, viruses, and chemical contaminants, foster the growth of fungi, and contribute to the breeding of ... An outcome was the emergence of a "new" disease called Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome: from a virus--perhaps already present, ...
  http://www.gcrio.org/vol3no2/climhealth.html
*  Naval Medical Research Unit Six - Wikipedia
Yersinia pestis and Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis. Additionally in July 1985, the first clinics of investigation were ... Navy Research timeline first Description of Iquitos virus First clinical description of Mayaro virus Center for Strategic and ... and the discovery of Iquitos virus in 2010. CAPT Michael E. Kilpatrick, MC, USN 1983-86 CAPT Stephen Wignall, MC, USN 1986-88 ... the first clinical descriptions of Mayaro virus in 1999, the first identification of novel strains of dengue in Peru in 2000-1 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Medical_Research_Unit_Six
*  terrorism facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about terrorism
Venezuelan equine encephalitis, botulinum toxin, dengue fever, Russian spring-summer encephalitis, Lassa fever, Marburg, Ebola ... Viruses and toxins can be genetically altered to heighten their infectiousness, permitting the development of pathogens capable ... Biological elements such as disease-causing bacteria and viruses can become potent weapons when taken out of their natural ... There are at least seventy types of bacteria, viruses, rickettsiae, and fungi that can be weaponized, including tularemia, ...
  http://encyclopedia.com/social-sciences-and-law/political-science-and-government/political-science-terms-and-concepts-92
*  Toxins | Free Full-Text | Vaccines against Botulism | HTML
... rabies virus, Semliki Forest virus, and Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis virus. Among the potential recombinant protein vaccines ... 2.4.3. Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus-Based Vectors. Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis virus (VEE) is a mosquito borne virus ... influenza virus, rabies virus, Semliki Forest virus, and Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis virus. Among the potential recombinant ... Multiagent vaccines vectored by Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus replicon elicits immune responses to Marburg virus and ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6651/9/9/268/htm
*  IMMUNOMODULATING COMPOSITIONS AND USES THEREFOR - Patent application
Certain vectors based on Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis (VEE) can also be used, illustrative examples of which can be found in ... M24444), hantavirus, Sendai virus, respiratory syncytial virus, othromyxoviruses, vesicular stomatitis virus, visna virus, ... Japanese encephalitis virus, Epstein-Barr virus and respiratory syncytial virus. Bacterial infections include, but are not ... M34678), yellow fever, Epstein-Barr virus and other herpesviruses such as papillomavirus, Ebola virus, influenza virus, ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20090136546