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*  In situ structural analysis of the Yersinia enterocolitica injectisome | eLife
The basal body of the type-III secretion system of Yersinia enterocolitica within bacterial membranes shows elasticity and is ... This average value is in the range of values reported for gram-negative bacteria (Chen et al., 2011; Liu et al., 2011; Wang et ... A wide-host-range suicide vector for improving reverse genetics in gram-negative bacteria: inactivation of the blaA gene of ... The bacterial type III secretion apparatus, the injectisome, is a complex nanomachine that allows Gram-negative bacteria to ...
  https://elifesciences.org/articles/00792
*  Proteobacteria - Wikipedia
nov., a Gram-negative, aerobic, filamentous bacterium of a novel proteobacterial lineage, and description of Oligoflexaceae fam ... They include a wide variety of pathogens, such as Escherichia, Salmonella, Vibrio, Helicobacter, Yersinia, Legionellales, and ... All "Proteobacteria" are gram-negative (though some may stain Gram-positive or Gram-variable in practice), with an outer ... "Proteobacteria" is a major phylum of gram-negative bacteria. ... The Epsilonproteobacteria are often slender, Gram-negative rods ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proteobacteria
*  Yersinia enterocolitica bacteria - Stock Image B220/0257 - Science Photo Library
... gram negative), an enterobacteria. Y.enterocolitica may cause enteritis an inflammation of the small intestines, accompanied by ... As of 1987, the pig appeared to be the only animal species to harbour the pathogenic human strain and it was uncertain whether ... False colour scanning electron micrograph of the rodshaped bacteria Yersinia enterocolitica ( ... Keywords: bacteria, bacterial, bacteriology, bacterium, enteritis, enterobacteria, food poisoning, gram-negative bacteria, ...
  http://www.sciencephoto.com/media/10945/view/yersinia-enterocolitica-bacteria
*  Yersinia frederiksenii - Wikipedia
Yersinia frederiksenii is a Gram-negative species of bacteria. It uses rhamnose and sucrose. Its type strain is strain 6175 (= ... "Yersinia enterocolitica, Yersinia frederiksenii and Yersinia intermedia in Cyprinus carpio (Linneo 1758)". Journal of ... formerly called atypical Yersinia enterocolitica or Yersinia enterocolitica-like)." Current Microbiology 4.4 (1980): 213-217. ... "Yersinia frederiksenii: A new species of Enterobacteriaceae composed of rhamnose-positive strains ( ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yersinia_frederiksenii
*  Yersinia intermedia - Wikipedia
Yersinia intermedia is a Gram-negative species of bacteria which uses rhamnose, melibiose, and raffinose. Its type strain is ... "Yersinia enterocolitica, Yersinia frederiksenii and Yersinia intermedia in Cyprinus carpio (Linneo 1758)". Journal of ... Martin, L.; Leclercq, A.; Savin, C.; Carniel, E. (2009). "Characterization of Atypical Isolates of Yersinia intermedia and ... LSPN Bacterio.net Type strain of Yersinia intermedia at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yersinia_intermedia
*  A region of the Yersinia pseudotuberculosis invasin protein enhances integrin‐mediated uptake into mammalian cells and promotes...
The Gramnegative bacterium Yersinia pseudotuberculosis, which causes systemic disease after initial gastrointestinal ... expressing bacteria and quantitation of invasin proteins on the surface of bacteria. Penetration of bacteria into cultured ... involved in attachment of a variety of related Gramnegative enteric pathogens to host cells (Jerse et al., 1990; Schauer and ... a common mechanism shared by Yersinia enterocolitica and other enterovasive bacteria. Gut, 31, 1011-1015. ...
  http://emboj.embopress.org/content/18/5/1199
*  Gram-negative bacteria - Wikipedia
... as well as many pathogenic bacteria, such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, and Yersinia ... gram-positive and gram-negative, based on their gram-staining response. Gram-positive bacteria are also referred to as ... Gram-negative bacteria are a group of bacteria that do not retain the crystal violet stain used in the gram-staining method of ... Gram-negative bacteria are found everywhere, in virtually all environments on Earth that support life. The gram-negative ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gram-negative_bacteria
*  DNA Probes for the Identification of Pathogenic Foodborne Bacteria and Viruses | SpringerLink
Detection and quantitation of foodborne pathogens and their toxins: Gram-negative bacterial pathogens. In Foodborne ... Yersinia enterocolitica and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. In Foodborne Bacterial Pathogens, ed. M. P. Doyle, pp. 601-672. New ... Characterization of Yersinia enterocolitica and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis by deoxyribonucleic acid hybridization and by ... New virulence-associated plasmid in Yersinia enterocolitica. J. Clin. Microbiol. 15:1161-1163.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar ...
  https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4684-8070-2_7
*  Tobramycin - Wikipedia
Tobramycin has a narrow spectrum of activity and is active against Gram-negative bacteria. Clinically, tobramycin is frequently ... Yersinia pestis infection (plague).[citation needed] Tobramycin is preferred over gentamicin for Pseudomonas aeruginosa ... Tobramycin (injection) is also indicated for various severe or life-threatening gram-negative infections: meningitis in ... particularly Gram-negative infections. It is especially effective against species of Pseudomonas. Like all aminoglycosides, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tobramycin
*  YPTB3816 of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis strain IP32953 is a virulence-related metallo-oligopeptidase | BMC Microbiology | Full...
... including pathogenic bacteria, their role in bacterial physiology is not fully understood. In particular, oligopeptidases are ... The aim of this study was to investigate effects of inactivation of an oligopeptidase encoding gene opdA gene of Yersinia ... In this study we found that oligopeptidase OpdA of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis is required for bacterial virulence, whilst ... This is the first study demonstrating that opdA in Yersinia pseudotuberculsosis is required for pathogenicity. The data ...
  https://bmcmicrobiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12866-016-0900-7
*  TREATMENT OF HEARING AND BALANCE IMPAIRMENTS WITH REDOX-ACTIVE THERAPEUTICS - Patent application
... gram-positive, gram-negative and acid-fast bacteria. Susceptible microorganisms include Escherichia spp., Hemophilus spp., ... Listeria spp., Pseudomonas spp., Nocardia spp., Yersinia spp., Klebsiella spp., Enterobacter spp., Salmonella spp., ... infections caused by Gram-negative bacteria, (Sera et al., Scanning Microsc. (1987) 1 1191:1197; Hinojosa and Lerner, J. Infect ... 5,059,591). Auditory impairment was observed: from 4 to 15% of patients receiving 1 gram per day for greater than 1 week ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20110046156
*  Genetic diversity within the genus Francisella as revealed by comparative analyses of the genomes of two North American...
... tularensis is an intracellular pathogen that causes tularemia in humans and the public health importance of this bacterium has ... A small gram-negative bacterium that resembled members of the genus Pasteurella in many features was isolated in 1959 from a ... Jensen WI, Owen CR, Jellison WL: Yersinia philomiragia sp. n., a new member of the Pasteurella group of bacteria, naturally ... Several species of pathogenic gram-negative bacteria contain type IV pili, also known as fimbriae, which facilitate bacterial ...
  https://0-bmcgenomics-biomedcentral-com.brum.beds.ac.uk/articles/10.1186/1471-2164-13-422
*  Acidithiobacillia
The "PROTEOBACTERIA" are a major phylum of Gram-negative bacteria . The name of the phylum has never been validly published as ... They include a wide variety of pathogens , such as Escherichia , Salmonella , Vibrio , Helicobacter , Yersinia , and many other ... Gammaproteobacteria are Gram-negative Gram-negative . CONTENTS * 1 Significance * 2 Phylogeny * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 ... Bacteria. Acidobacteria Actinobacteria Aquificae Armatimonadetes Bacteroidetes Caldiserica [...More...] "Bacteria" on:. ...
  http://www.theinfolist.com/php/HTMLGet.php?FindGo=Acidithiobacillia
*  US6306621B1 - Membrane filter agar medium for simultaneous detection of total coliforms and E. coli - Google Patents
... at least one active agent that will suppress growth of non-coliform gram negative bacteria, and at least one chromogen or ... at least one agent that suppresses growth of gram positive cocci and spore-forming organisms, ... on Cefsulodin-Irgasan-Novobiocin Agar Selective for Yersinia enterocolitica", Journal of Clinical Microbiology, pp 478-480 (Oct ... The antibiotic Cefsulodin was used to inhibit Gram positive bacteria and some non-coliform Gram negative organisms that can ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US6306621
*  Multiple Elements Controlling Adherence of Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 to HeLa Cells | Infection and Immunity
A broad host range mobilization system for in vivo genetic engineering: transposon mutagenesis in gram-negative bacteria. Bio/ ... The ClpP protein, a subunit of the Clp protease, modulates ail gene expression in Yersinia enterocolitica. Mol. Microbiol. 26: ... 5). Quantification of the adherent bacteria indicated that AGT602 adhered almost as well as strain 86-24 (86.5% bacteria ... 2.0 × 108 bacteria, harvested by centrifugation at 12,000 × g for 5 min at room temperature, washed in 1 ml of 1× PBS (pH 7.4 ...
  https://iai.asm.org/content/71/9/4985?ijkey=9917fe2bd1accb5ad71bd5dfdfd52976828eb2a3&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha
*  ASMscience | Mechanisms for Establish
The induction of apoptosis in monocytes/macrophages has been shown to be triggered by a number of bacteria or purified ... Inhibition of mitogen-induced lymphocyte proliferation by whole live bacteria, soluble or particulate preparations of the ... bacteria, and sometimes purified molecules is arguably the most common observation in the literature concerning inhibition of ... This chapter examines the increasingly common scenarios in which bacteria actively modulate the immune response to ensure their ...
  http://www.asmscience.org/content/book/10.1128/9781555818104.chap4
*  Thrombocytopenia - Wikipedia
... some research indicates that the most severe cases are related to fungal or gram-negative bacterial infection. The pathogen may ... Possible pathogens include viruses (e.g. Cytomegalovirus (CMV), rubella virus, HIV), bacteria (e.g. Staphylococcus sp., ... Yersinia enterocolitica), fungi (e.g. Candida sp.), and Toxoplasma gondii. The severity of thrombocytopenia may be correlated ... "Early-onset Pseudomonas aeruginosa sepsis and Yersinia enterocolitica neonatal infection: a unique combination in a preterm ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thrombocytopenia
*  Yersinia Enterocolitica IgA ELISA Kit
Human yersinia enterocolitica-IgA ELISA kit can be used for determining in-vitro quantitative levels of human IgA-class ... Yersinia enterocolitica is a member of the Enterobacteriaceae which is a gram-negative bacillus shaped bacterium. The genus of ... Specificity of IgA class anti-yersinia antibodies in yersinia arthritis. Scand J Rheumatol Suppl. (1987) 67: 64-6. Granfors K ... The minimum detection sensitivity level of human yersinia enterocolitica IgA using this human yersinia enterocolitica-IgA ELISA ...
  http://www.elisakits.co.uk/yersinia-enterocolitica-iga-elisa-kit/
*  Multicopy single-stranded DNA - Wikipedia
Yee T, Furuichi T, Inouye S, Inouye M (August 1984). "Multicopy single-stranded DNA isolated from a gram-negative bacterium, ... Strain Present in Yersinia frederiksenii ATCC 33641 Contig01029 Enteropathogenic Bacteria with the Genomic Analysis of Its ... Before the discovery of msDNA in myxobacteria, a group of swarming, soil-dwelling bacteria, it was thought that the enzymes ... As a result, msDNA has been found to be widely distributed among bacteria, including various strains of Escherichia coli and ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multicopy_single-stranded_DNA
*  Patent US7790183 - Combination of antimicrobial agents and bacterial interference to coat ... - Google Patents
Furthermore, the non-pathogenic bacterium layer includes at least one of the following: viable whole cells, non-viable whole ... The antimicrobial agent and non-pathogenic bacterium are used to develop a kit comprising these compositions in one container ... The non-pathogenic bacterium used in the bacterial coating layer is resistant to the antimicrobial agent. ... Yersinia, Erwinia, Buttlauxella, Cedecea, Ewingella, Kluyvera, Tatumella and Rahnella. Other exemplary gram-negative organisms ...
  http://www.google.com.au/patents/US7790183
*  ASMscience | Bacterial Pathogens
The outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria is covered up to 75% by lipopolysaccharides (LPSs); the remainder consists of ... Yersinia, Brucella, and Coxiella, synthesize an alternative form of lipid A that is less stimulatory in the mammalian host and ... Bacterial endotoxins are heat-stable components of the Gram-negative outer membrane that are released after a bacterial cell ... lyses and are also continuously shed by viable bacteria. Endotoxins cause systemic inflammatory responses and are associated ...
  http://www.asmscience.org/content/book/10.1128/9781555819637.ch8
*  Frontiers | Role of Low-Molecular-Mass Penicillin-Binding Proteins, NagZ and AmpR in AmpC β-lactamase Regulation of Yersinia...
Yersinia enterocolitica encodes a chromosomal AmpC β-lactamase under the regulation of the classical ampR-ampC system. To ... Yersinia enterocolitica encodes a chromosomal AmpC β-lactamase under the regulation of the classical ampR-ampC system. To ... Zeng, X., and Lin, J. (2013). Beta-lactamase induction and cell wall metabolism in Gram-negative bacteria. Front. Microbiol. 4: ... It provided a more comprehensive understanding of the AmpC β-lactamase regulation in Gram-negative bacteria. ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fcimb.2017.00425/full
*  ASMscience | Role of Cyclic Di-GMP in
... a gram-negative bacterium and member of the Enterobacteriaceae family, is the causative agent of bubonic, septicemic, and ... Yersinia pestis, a gram-negative bacterium and member of the Enterobacteriaceae family, is the causative agent of bubonic, ... Eisen, R. J.,, A. P. Wilder,, S. W. Bearden,, J. A. Montenieri, and, K. L. Gage. 2007. Early-phase transmission of Yersinia ... Bobrov, A. G.,, O. Kirillina,, S. Forman,, D. Mack, and, R. D. Perry. 2008. Insights into Yersinia pestis biofilm development: ...
  http://www.asmscience.org/content/book/10.1128/9781555816667.ch18
*  US5854214A - Therapeutic uses of bactericidal/permeability increasing protein products - Google Patents
While BPI protein products as described herein are useful as potent cytotoxins for gram-negative bacteria and for neutralizing ... 9 depicts a graph showing the effect of rBPI23 on the incidence of arthritis in a Yersinia-induced arthritis model; ... Peptides with bactericidal activity and endotoxin neutralizing activity for gram negative bacteria and methods for their use ... Synthetic peptides with bactericidal activity and endotoxin neutralizing activity for gram negative bacteria and methods for ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US5854214A/en
*  Microorganisms facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Microorganisms
Common causes of food-borne illness are salmonella bacteria. Salmonella typhi and Salmonella paratyphi, gram negative bacilli ... Yersinia spp., carried chiefly in undercooked pork but sometimes also in milk, is another serious food-borne infection. ... those that go blue with this stain are termed Gram positive, those staining red are Gram negative. This reflects a fundamental ... blue-green bacteria, some algae, some fungi , yeasts, and protozoans.. Viruses, bacteria, and blue-green bacteria are all ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/diseases-and-conditions/pathology/microorganisms