*  Debate:Is global warming evident, and if so, is this the fault of man, and how must man stop it? - Conservapedia
... are water vapor, and methane which is released by animals and humans. By far the most potent greenhouse gas, is water vapor. ... I believe man-made greenhouse gases probably do have a small effect on temperatures, perhaps less than 20%. Global warming ... Is it the fault of man? Atmospheric CO2 levels are well over the normal level, even allowing for natural cycles in CO2 in the ... Global cooling was evident from 1940 until well into the 1960s, and after 1998. So, is it evident? Yes, sometimes, and ...
  http://www.conservapedia.com/index.php?title=Debate:Is_global_warming_evident,_and_if_so,_is_this_the_fault_of_man,_and_how_must_man_stop_it%3F&oldid=1025533
*  Climate Change and Global Warming Encyclopedia: Sweeping Coverage of All Aspects of Carbon Dioxide and Greenhouse Gases, Sea...
Sweeping Coverage of All Aspects of Carbon Dioxide and Greenhouse Gases, Sea Levels, Ecosystems, Computer Models, Extreme ... Because of the low atmospheric pressure, and with little to no methane or water vapor to reinforce the weak greenhouse effect, ... Prior to the mid 1960s, geoscientists believed that our climate could only change relatively slowly, on timescales of thousands ... Gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect include: Water vapor. The most abundant greenhouse gas, but importantly, it acts ...
  https://www.scribd.com/book/194994755/Climate-Change-and-Global-Warming-Encyclopedia-Sweeping-Coverage-of-All-Aspects-of-Carbon-Dioxide-and-Greenhouse-Gases-Sea-Levels-Ecosystems-Compu
*  Venus facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Venus
... not water vapor.. By the 1960s little was still known about Venus, but modern instruments were beginning to reveal more. Early ... through a so-called runaway greenhouse effect. First discovered from the study of Venus, the greenhouse effect is now discussed ... The heat is then prevented from escaping back into space by atmospheric carbon dioxide (similar to heat in a greenhouse). The ... This led to all sorts of early speculation that the clouds were, like clouds on Earth, water vapor clouds, and that the surface ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/astronomy-and-space-exploration/astronomy-general/venus
*  Attribution of recent climate change - Wikipedia
Therefore, the global concentration of water vapor is not substantially affected by direct human emissions. Climate change is ... They are: increasing atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases global changes to land surface, such as deforestation ... The plateau in warming from the 1940s to 1960s can be attributed largely to sulphate aerosol cooling. Recent scientific ... Some human activities can influence local water vapor levels. However, on a global scale, the concentration of water vapor is ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attribution_of_recent_climate_change
*  Million year old groundwater in Maryland water supply
What does "age" even mean in reference to water? When it was condensed from atmospheric vapor, or when the compound was formed ... California's water saving brings bonus effects. January 12, 2018 Water-saving measures in California have also led to ... Jet stream changes since 1960s linked to more extreme weather. January 12, 2018 Increased fluctuations in the path of the North ... From greenhouse gases to plastics: New catalyst for recycling carbon dioxide discovered. 14 hours ago 4 ...
  https://phys.org/news/2012-06-million-year-groundwater-maryland.html
*  Simple Question, Simple Answer… Not « RealClimate
Its own greenhouse effect would make for more warming. On the other hand, with more water vapor wouldn't there be more clouds? ... The one-dimensional atmospheric model can't be solved with a page of mathematics. You have to divide the column of air into a ... It was only with the advent of powerful digital computers in the 1960s that people were able to solve the problem through ... As the humidity rose, the water vapor would add its greenhouse effect, and the temperature might soar. The model could give an ...
  http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2008/09/simple-question-simple-answer-no/langswitch_lang/en/
*  Greenhouse gas - Wikipedia
Water vapor concentrations fluctuate regionally, but human activity does not directly affect water vapor concentrations except ... a process known as water vapor feedback. The atmospheric concentration of vapor is highly variable and depends largely on ... In the 1960s, the average annual increase was only 37% of what it was in 2000 through 2007. Today, the stock of carbon in the ... Water vapor accounts for the largest percentage of the greenhouse effect, between 36% and 66% for clear sky conditions and ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenhouse_gas
*  Attribution of 20th Century climate change to CO2 « RealClimate
... the percentage of the current greenhouse effect associated with water vapour) that, at first sight, appear to have profound ... Why the line-by-line calculation of forcing by CO2 should be affected by our atmospheric chemistry calculation is a little ... Water vapor alone increases your heat index umpteenth thermal times. That's why no one likes humidity. ... trend previously reported for the 1960s through 1990."…. http://www.arm.gov/about/newsarchive_aprjun05.stm ...
  http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2006/10/attribution-of-20th-century-climate-change-to-cosub2sub/
*  Geyser - Wikipedia
The resultant boiling of the pressurized water results in the geyser effect of hot water and steam spraying out of the geyser's ... Water vapor jets have been observed near the south pole of Saturn's moon Enceladus, while nitrogen eruptions have been observed ... Since the 1920s hot water directed from the geysers has been used to heat greenhouses and to grow food that otherwise could not ... encountered at the areas where the water is heated make the boiling point of the water much higher than at normal atmospheric ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geyser
*  Ecology - Wikipedia
... and water vapor. These gases changed the way that light from the sun hit the Earth's surface and greenhouse effects trapped ... water, and atmospheric gases. Six major elements (hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, sulfur, and phosphorus; H, C, N, O, S, ... attention to the issue of forest fires in relation to the ecology of forest fire suppression and management in the 1960s. ... Water transportation by plants is another important ecophysiological process affected by osmotic pressure gradients. Water ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ecology
*  chlorofluorocarbons facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about chlorofluorocarbons
See also Atmospheric pollution; Global warming; Greenhouse gases and greenhouse effect; Ozone layer and hole dynamics; Ozone ... where they react with water vapor and are removed in rain.. Bromine radicals react like chlorine radicals to remove ozone from ... In the 1960s, it was first reported that teenagers were abusively inhaling CFCs to get a preanesthectic "high." However, in ... Lashof, D. A., and Ahuja, D. R. (1990). "Relative Contributions of Greenhouse Gas Emissions to Global Warming." Nature 344:529- ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/chemistry/compounds-and-elements/chlorofluorocarbons
*  Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion 1994 - Executive Summary
In addition, indirect effects including production of tropospheric ozone and stratospheric water vapor were considered and are ... The atmospheric residence times of the important ozone-depleting gases, CFC-11 and methyl chloroform, and the greenhouse gas, ... Based on extrapolation of current trends, observations suggest that the maximum ozone loss, relative to the late 1960s, will ... Several known atmospheric processes that involve chlorine and bromine and that affect ozone in the lower stratosphere are ...
  https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/csd/assessments/ozone/1994/executive_summary.html
*  Surface runoff - Wikipedia
... precipitation patterns are expected to change as the atmospheric capacity for water vapor increases. This will have direct ... This residual water moisture affects the soil's infiltration capacity. During the next rainfall event, the infiltration ... In the 1960s some state and local governments began to focus their efforts on mitigation of construction runoff by requiring ... As humans continue to alter the climate through the addition of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surface_runoff
*  Advanced steam technology - Wikipedia
Whatever the choice, it will have no direct effect on the design of the engine unit, as that only ever has to deal with steam. ... A future design could include shorter water tanks, and a cab at each end, to give the driver a good view in either direction. A ... compared to conventional atmospheric working. The Southern Railway converted SECR N class locomotive number A816 (later 1816 ... a long-lasting greenhouse gas. However, significant reductions, compared to other combustion technologies, of other pollutants ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advanced_steam_technology
*  Mars facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Mars
The Viking orbiters carried high-resolution cameras and were able to map atmospheric water vapor and surface heat from orbit. ... Spectroscopic data from Earth-based telescopes as well as the Russian Phobos mission in 1989 indicate that water has affected ... During the early 1960s the television show My Favorite Martian featured a friendly and wise Martian who crash lands on Earth ... which can cause higher surface temperatures by greenhouse warming. ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/astronomy-and-space-exploration/astronomy-general/mars
*  A Rough Guide to the Jet Stream: what it is, how it works and how it is responding to enhanced Arctic warming
We are talking about his calculated effects of CO2 and water vapor and how they disagree with expected global tempertaures from ... Firstly, water vapour is of course a potent greenhouse gas: secondly, as moist air cools as it comes into the Arctic the water ... Atmospheric pressure is simply an expression of the force applied by a column of air upon a fixed point of known area, and is ... Note the upward trend from the 1960s to the early 1990s, but also that the trend has not been sustained and has significant ...
  https://skepticalscience.com/jetstream-guide.html
*  Fire extinguisher - Wikipedia
pump-type water fire extinguisher, 1960s, US Stored pressure water extinguisher Stored pressure loaded stream fire extinguisher ... Antifreeze chemicals added to water to lower its freezing point to about −40 °F (−40 °C). Has no appreciable effect on ... used until the 1960s. The vapor and combustion by-products of all vaporizing liquids were highly toxic, and could cause death ... Unlike other clean agents, this one has the advantage of being a liquid at atmospheric pressure, and can be discharged as a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fire_extinguisher
*  Texas Tall Tales and Global Warming | Watts Up With That?
extreme heat events were roughly 20 times more likely in 2008 than in other La Niña years in the 1960s' It is this statement ... which has 1/1000th of the heat capacity of the ocean which supplies the vast majority of the major greenhouse gas, water vapor ... If the AMO is a major factor in the Texas temps, I suggest to keep an eye on the far north Atlantic atmospheric pressure. It is ... the greenhouse effect is counterbalanced by other factors.. The IPCC admits that GHG warming alone without feedbacks will ...
  https://wattsupwiththat.com/2012/07/15/texas-tall-tales-and-global-warming/
*  Antarctic Sun. Published during the austral summer at McMurdo Station, Antarctica, for the United States Antarctic Program - PDF
13 February 4, 2001 The Antarctic Sun 13 from previous page The greenhouse gases ozone, carbon dioxide and water vapor act as a ... Understand the greenhouse effect. Understand the role greenhouse gases play within ... Then there s the NOAA, National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration, group. Jim Butler is an atmospheric chemist (Jim brought ... The location is chosen so that the time the air is first trapped was before the 1960s, when the carbon dioxide levels of the ...
  http://docplayer.net/1643854-Antarctic-sun-published-during-the-austral-summer-at-mcmurdo-station-antarctica-for-the-united-states-antarctic-program.html
*  THE HOCKEY SCHTICK: 2017
Greenhouse effect; Emergent model; Planetary temperature; Atmospheric pressure; Greenhouse gas; Mars temperature ... Effect of oceans and water vapor on global temperature: The new model shows that the Earth's global equilibrium temperature is ... was introduced to planetary science in the early 1960s [30,31] and has been widely utilized ever since to calculate the average ... atmospheric greenhouse effect'. Of course, we now know that real greenhouses preserve warmth not by trapping infrared radiation ...
  http://hockeyschtick.blogspot.com/2017/
*  Lake Erie's ice cover studied for clues to weather patterns - The Blade
As water vapor rises, it increases the chance of lake-effect snow. That pulls some of the water out of the lakes. Although most ... It is not known if the lakes have a net effect in reducing or increasing greenhouse gases, he said. ... fall and spring water temperatures, and atmospheric climate change. ... who has studied how Great Lakes water freezes, thaws, and circulates since the 1960s. ...
  http://www.toledoblade.com/local/2014/02/09/Lake-Erie-s-ice-cover-studied-for-clues-to-weather-patterns.html
*  Global dimming - Wikipedia
Water vapor is the major greenhouse gas. On the other hand, global dimming is affected by evaporation and rain. Rain has the ... Rasool, Ichtiaque, S. and Schneider, Stephen H. (July 1971). "Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide and Aerosols: Effects of Large ... In the late-1960s, Mikhail Ivanovich Budyko worked with simple two-dimensional energy-balance climate models to investigate the ... The researchers then modeled the effect of aerosols and also concluded the overall effect was that water drops in polluted ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_dimming
*  Climate of Mars - Wikipedia
... as the atmospheric pressure is below water's triple point and water ice sublimes into water vapor. Exceptions to this are the ... During aphelion water ice clouds form in the atmosphere, interacting with the dust particles and affecting the temperature of ... Although methane is a greenhouse gas on Earth, the small amounts that have been claimed to be present on Mars would have little ... studied by Earth-based instruments since the 17th century but it is only since the exploration of Mars began in the mid-1960s ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Climate_of_Mars
*  Fluorocarbon - Wikipedia
Low-boiling perfluoroalkanes are potent greenhouse gases, in part due to their very long atmospheric lifetime, and their use is ... They have very low solubility in water, and water has a very low solubility in them (on the order of 10 ppm). They have low ... This extinguishing effect has been attributed to their high heat capacity, which takes heat away from the fire. It has been ... The fluorocarbon vapor is recovered from the top. Electrochemical fluorination (ECF) (also known as the Simons' process) ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fluorocarbon
*  Happy Birthday, Charles Darwin! « RealClimate
CO2 and water vapor) dominated the greenhouse effect; the resulting adaptation of Fourier's theory opened the way for Arrhenius ... and observe what has happened to atmospheric temperature, water vapor and clouds. This indeed seems to be the experiment that ... The explanation for the warm 1930s, cool 1960s and rapid global warming we see happening now is best explained by the case I ... The increase is amplified by water vapor (also a greenhouse gas), which increases with temperature in such a way as to keep ...
  http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2006/02/happy-birthday-charles-darwin/comment-page-2/