*  Noble gas compound - Wikipedia
Most applications of noble gas compounds are either as oxidising agents or as a means to store noble gases in a dense form. ... Noble gases can also form endohedral fullerene compounds where the noble gas atom is trapped inside a fullerene molecule. In ... Noble gas compounds are chemical compounds that include an element from the noble gases, group 18 of the periodic table. ... Nonetheless, this was the first real compound of any noble gas. The first binary noble gas compounds were reported later in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noble_gas_compound
*  Krypton - Wikipedia
It is a member of group 18 (noble gases) elements. A colorless, odorless, tasteless noble gas, krypton occurs in trace amounts ... William Ramsay was awarded the 1904 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discovery of a series of noble gases, including krypton. In ... Like the other noble gases, krypton is highly chemically unreactive. The rather restricted chemistry of krypton in its only ... 85Kr is an inert radioactive noble gas with a half-life of 10.76 years. It is produced by the fission of uranium and plutonium ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krypton
*  OSA | Noble-gas-induced collisional line broadening of atomic lithium Rydberg superposition states 2S-nS and 2S-nD (n = 4 to 30...
Values of Scattering Lengths for Electrons by Noble Gases and of Polarizabilities of Noble Gases in Atomic Units. Value. He. Ne ... Values of Scattering Lengths for Electrons by Noble Gases and of Polarizabilities of Noble Gases in Atomic Units ... Noble-gas-induced collisional line broadening of atomic lithium Rydberg superposition states 2S-nS and 2S-nD (n = 4 to 30) ... Emily Y. Xu, F. Moshary, and S. R. Hartmann, "Noble-gas-induced collisional line broadening of atomic lithium Rydberg ...
  https://www.osapublishing.org/josab/abstract.cfm?uri=josab-3-4-497
*  Ion pump (physics) - Wikipedia
... was introduced on the basis of observations about noble gas pumping mechanism and unstable Argon pumping phenomena. In the same ... Some fraction of the energetic gas ions (including gas that is not chemically active with the cathode material) can strike the ... in contrast to noble diode pumps. A noble diode pump is a type of ion pump used in high-vacuum applications that employs both a ... increasing pumping effectiveness of inert gas ions. Pumping intermittently high quantities of hydrogen with noble diodes should ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ion_pump_(physics)
*  Periodic Table Database | Chemogenesis
Note how the noble gases (as Group 0) are shown down the left hand side of the table: ... Each period begins at a minimum for the alkali metals, and ends at a maximum for the noble gases. From Wikipedia: ... Note how this formulation shows the noble gases, He-Rn, both on the left-side and the right-side. ... The text says that the elements are: "arranged according to the atomic number Z and column relation to the rare gases", and is ...
  https://www.meta-synthesis.com/webbook/35_pt/pt_database.php?Button=1950-1999+Formulations
*  Cornelis Bakker - Wikipedia
His doctoral thesis dealt with the effects of Zeeman effect on spectral lines of noble gases. The next year he spent at the ... He was then 5 years in office until he died in 1960 in a plane crash. During his funeral Bakkers work and commitment to CERN ... Cornelis Jan Bakker (11 March 1904 - 23 April 1960) was a Dutch physicist and a General Director of CERN. He was also a member ... "Cornelis Jan Bakker (1904 - 1960)". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 17 August 2015. CERN Courier, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornelis_Bakker
*  Flashtube - Wikipedia
... which is filled with a noble gas, usually xenon, and electrodes to carry electrical current to the gas. Additionally, a high ... Edgerton decided to try a noble gas instead, feeling that it would not be as temperature dependent as mercury, and, in 1930, he ... Afterward, he discovered that xenon was the most efficient of the noble gases, producing a spectrum very close to that of ... The gas, however, exhibits extremely high resistance, and the lamp will not conduct electricity until the gas is ionized. Once ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flashtube
*  Xenon - Wikipedia
It has the lowest thermal conductivity and lowest ionization potential of all the non-radioactive noble gases. As a noble gas, ... On March 23, 1962, he mixed the two gases and produced the first known compound of a noble gas, xenon hexafluoroplatinate. ... Xenon is a member of the zero-valence elements that are called noble or inert gases. It is inert to most common chemical ... Xenon and the other noble gases were for a long time considered to be completely chemically inert and not able to form ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xenon
*  ENCYCLOPEDIA- Volume 2
It is a member of group 18 (noble gases) elements. A colorless, odorless, tasteless noble gas, krypton occurs in trace amounts ... Typically, the stable electron configuration is one of the noble gases for elements in the s-block and the p- block, and ... Krypton, like the other noble gases, can be used in lighting and photography. Krypton light has a large number of spectral ... which is a common property of all noble gases (except helium, with a hexagonal close-packed crystal structure) 69 ...
  https://www.slideshare.net/leizeldespi/encyclopedia-volume-2
*  Ronald George Wreyford Norrish - Wikipedia
Norrish's Nobel Foundation biography Norrish's Nobel Lecture Some Fast Reactions in Gases Studied by Flash Photolysis and ... As a result of the development of flash photolysis, Norrish was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1967 along with Manfred ... Ronald George Wreyford Norrish FRS (9 November 1897 - 7 June 1978) was a British chemist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in ... 6 December 1920 - 31 August 2002: Elected F.R.S. 1960". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 50 (0): 257-283. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_George_Wreyford_Norrish
*  William B. Bridges - Wikipedia
... then gas lasers. He discovered and patented the noble gas (argon, krypton, xenon) ion lasers in 1964, lasers that are still ... and holds the patent for the Ionized Noble Gas Laser. He received his undergraduate and graduate education at the University of ... 60 AND 94 GHz Wave-Coupled Electro-Optic Modulators (1996) Coupled Waveguide Gas Laser Research (1992) Velocity Matched ... the carbon dioxide gas dynamic laser, now extinct), hydrogen maser clocks for the global positioning system. He was a Sherman ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_B._Bridges
*  Archer John Porter Martin facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Archer John Porter Martin
... and other companies interested in his work on gas chromatography, Martin used his Nobel Prize money in 1957 to buy Abbotsbury, ... This was partly a result of Martin's higher profile as a Nobel Laureate-he won the Nobel Prize for chemistry with Richard Synge ... "The Development of Partition Chromatography." Nobel Lecture, 12 December 1952. Available from nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/ ... had devised a mechanism for gas-liquid chromatography. The use of a gas as the mobile phase did place limits on the types of ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/people/science-and-technology/chemistry-biographies/archer-john-porter-martin
*  National Helium Reserve - Wikipedia
The strategic supply provisioned the noble gas for airships, and in the 1950s became an important source of coolant during the ... By 1995, a billion cubic metres of the gas had been collected, and the reserve was US$1.4 billion in debt, prompting Congress ... The helium is separated as a byproduct from the produced natural gas. After the Helium Acts Amendments of 1960 (Public Law 86- ... The facilities were located close to the Hugoton and other natural gas fields in southwest Kansas and the panhandle of Oklahoma ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Helium_Reserve
*  Carl Wilhelm Scheele - Wikipedia
Asimov, Isaac (1966). The Noble Gases. ISBN 978-0465051298 Ferguson, John. "Karl Wilhelm Scheele". Encyclopaedia Britannica. ... He found that the gas sank to the bottom of an open bottle and was denser than ordinary air. He also noted that the gas was not ... By the time he was a teenager, Scheele had learned the dominant theory of gases which in the 1770s was the phlogiston theory. ... Scheele's study of the gas not yet named oxygen was prompted by a complaint by Torbern Olof Bergman, a professor at Upsala ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Wilhelm_Scheele
*  US6899746B2 - Method of platinum particles recovery from reaction gas in the process of nitric acid production and granular...
... a method of recovering platinum particles from reaction gas flow in nitric acid production comprising passing the reaction gas ... A granular composite material for recovering platinum particles from reaction gas flow in nitric acid production, comprising 50 ... Improvements in or relating to a process for recovering noble metals US3381454A (en) * 1962-10-11. 1968-05-07. Collo ... Method for removal of poisonous gases Mikhalovsky et al. 1997. Catalytic properties of activated carbons I. Gas-phase oxidation ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US6899746?oq=inventor%3A%22Arthur+R.+Hair%22
*  Nonmetal - Wikipedia
The status of the period 7 congener of the noble gases, oganesson (Og), is not known-it may or may not be a noble gas. It was ... plus the noble gases are collectively referred to as the elemental gases. These elements are gaseous at standard temperature ... They are further distinguished-in comparison to the halogens (F, Cl, Br, I, At) and noble gases-by their general capacity (or ... Each atom is thereby able to complete its valence shell and attain a stable noble gas configuration. Exceptions to the (8 − N) ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nonmetal
*  List of English inventions and discoveries - Wikipedia
1959: First practical hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell developed by Francis Thomas Bacon (1904-1992). 1962: First noble gas compound, ... ISBN 978-0-313-31969-3. "Lord Rayleigh: The Nobel Prize in Physics 1904". The Nobel Foundation. 1904. Retrieved 2010-05-05. " ... "Francis Crick's 1962 Biography from the Nobel foundation". "Frederick Sanger". "Richard J. Roberts Biography from the Nobel ... ISBN 0-385-17771-2. "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1952". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2010-12-08. "Geoffrey Wilkinson - ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_English_inventions_and_discoveries
*  Lowest temperature recorded on Earth - Wikipedia
Kamerlingh Onnes received a Nobel Prize for his achievement. Onnes' method relied upon depressurising the subject gases, ... Consider a gas in a box of set volume. If the pressure in the box is higher than atmospheric pressure, then upon opening the ... As this expansion is adiabatic and the gas has done work Δ Q = 0 {\displaystyle \Delta Q=0} Δ W > 0 {\displaystyle \Delta W>0 ... A subsequent measurement of −88.3 °C (−126.9 °F; 184.8 K), on August 24, 1960, held the record until a temperature of −89.2 °C ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lowest_temperature_recorded_on_Earth
*  Photolithography - Wikipedia
... sometimes in combination with noble gases such as xenon. These lamps produce light across a broad spectrum with several strong ... Excimer lasers are gas-based light systems that are usually filled with inert and halide gases (Kr, Ar, Xe, F and Cl) that are ... Generally, an excimer laser is designed to operate with a specific gas mixture; therefore, changing wavelength is not a trivial ... Historically, photolithography has used ultraviolet light from gas-discharge lamps using mercury, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photolithography
*  National Historic Chemical Landmarks - Wikipedia
"Neil Bartlett and Reactive Noble Gases". National Historic Chemical Landmarks. American Chemical Society. Retrieved 2012-10-28 ... by the National Carbon Company in 1896 Neil Bartlett's demonstration of the first reaction of a noble gas at the University of ... "Discovery of Helium in Natural Gas". American Chemical Society. National Historic Chemical Landmarks. Retrieved 2017-11-11. " ... opened in 1931 Discovery of helium in natural gas by Hamilton Cady and David Ford McFarland at the University of Kansas in 1905 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Historic_Chemical_Landmarks
*  Periodic table - Wikipedia
... from the alkali metals to the noble gases; and increase down each group. The radius increases sharply between the noble gas at ... When the noble gases (then called "inert gases") were first discovered around 1900, they were known as "group 0", reflecting no ... other than the noble gases). The majority of nonmetals are coloured or colourless insulating gases; nonmetals that form ... The noble gases, astatine, francium, and all elements heavier than americium were left out as there is no data for them. While ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Periodic_table
*  Uddeholms AB - Wikipedia
Different methods such as Up-hill casting and the use of protective noble gases can improve purity further. In the electro-slag ... Andersson, Ingvar (1960). Uddeholms Historia. P.A. Nordstedt & Söner. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uddeholms_AB
*  History of navigation - Wikipedia
Dalén was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his invention of automatic valves designed to be used in combination with gas ... Bowditch, 2002:8. "Gustav Dalén, The Nobel Prize in Physics 1912: Biography". nobelprize.org. Retrieved 2007-04-17. Howeth, ... The first TRANSIT satellite was placed in polar orbit in 1960. The system, consisting of 7 satellites, was made operational in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_navigation
*  Download Lighting Design Basics
Finance Nobel Prize, Jean-Paul Sartre download '. Annie Cohen-Solal, Sartre: A file. raised by Anna Cancogni. New York: gas ... Canon BJC download lighting questionnaires Being gas-phase death wish thought customers developed that will change this world. ... provided in 1960( a available book attending only). In the Critique Sartre appeared out to be download lighting design basics a ... 1960] and the project on analogues Organised with non-straight collaboration, awareness aim, infectivity updates and gut( ...
  http://marbleservices.com/CA/ebook/download-lighting-design-basics
*  Josiah Willard Gibbs - Wikipedia
The Equation of State for Gases and Liquids". Nobel Prize in Physics. Nobel Foundation. Planck, Max (1915). "Second Lecture: ... When Dutch physicist J. D. van der Waals received the 1910 Nobel Prize "for his work on the equation of state for gases and ... Samuelson, Paul A. (1970). "Maximum Principles in Analytical Economics" (PDF). Nobel Prize Lecture. Nobel Foundation. Samuelson ... His resolution of the so-called "Gibbs paradox", about the entropy of the mixing of gases, is now often cited as a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josiah_Willard_Gibbs