*  Arbovirus infection increases with group size | Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences
Buggy Creek (BCR) virus is an arthropod-borne alphavirus that is naturally transmitted to its vertebrate host the cliff swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) by an invertebrate vector, namely the cimicid swallow bug (Oeciacus vicarius). We examined how the prevalence of the virus varied with the group size of both its vector and host. The study was conducted in southwestern Nebraska where cliff swallows breed in colonies ranging from one to 3700 nests and the bug populations at a site vary directly with the cliff swallow colony size. The percentage of cliff swallow nests containing bugs infected with BCR virus increased significantly with colony size at a site in the current year and at the site in the previous year. This result could not be explained by differences in the bug sampling methods, date of sampling, sample size of the bugs, age structure of the bugs or the presence of an alternate host, the house sparrow (Passer domesticus). Colony sites that were reused by cliff ...
  http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/268/1478/1833
*  Species at Risk Public Registry - COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica in Canada - 2011
The Barn Swallow is a medium-sized songbird that is easily recognized by its steely-blue upperparts, cinnamon underparts, chestnut throat and forehead, and by its deeply forked tail. Sexes have similar plumage, but males have longer outer tail-streamers than females and tend to be darker chestnut on their underparts.
  http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca/default.asp?lang=En&n=408D33FA-1
*  Manduca rustica rustica
Pictures of and information about Manduca rustica rustica with caterpillar images and foodplants lists and links to other related species
  http://www.silkmoths.bizland.com/Sphinx/Manducarustica2015fo.htm
*  Skippy's Vegetable Garden: April 2008
Here's an update on the bluebirds nesting in Rock Meadow. My parents and I went for a walk and checked the houses where I previously saw nesting bluebirds. I had seen three pairs. (My photos are here.) But that was before the tree swallows arrived. Now we could only find one of the pairs left. Its in a house at the far end of the meadow. The swallows are very aggressive and as we watched, it they swooped and dove at the bluebirds. I wonder if the bluebirds will stay to raise a family? Doesn't really seem likely. I'll keep an eye on them. Here's an excellent article on swallow-bluebird competition, that Jim pointed out to me. I was pleased to read that, though swallows are aggressive, bluebirds are larger and stronger and are able to defend themselves. Go bluebirds ...
  http://carletongarden.blogspot.com/2008_04_01_archive.html
*  Tachycineta albilinea - Wikimedia Commons
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. ...
  https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Tachycineta_albilinea
*  The stress of parenthood | Biology Letters
Here, we provide the first demonstration of within-individual increases in baseline cort levels in response to experimentally augmented reproductive demand. Female tree swallows with enlarged broods had cort levels on average more than twice their pre-manipulation cort levels, whereas females with reduced broods had cort levels similar to their pre-manipulation levels (figure 1). Our manipulation seemed to effectively push females in the two experimental groups away from the intermediate increase in cort seen in control females. These findings differ from several previous studies that failed to find increased baseline cort in response to increased brood size (e.g. [7,8]). No previous studies have investigated within-individual responses in baseline cort secretion, so we cannot determine whether the differences in our findings are due to this methodological difference or more fundamental differences among species. However, if we had not measured a within-female response, we would not have ...
  http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/7/6/944
*  Research Publications of the Field Station - Field Station
Shutler, D., D. J. T. Hussell, D. R. Norris, D. W. Winkler, R. J. Robertson, F. Bonier, W. B. Rendell, M. Bélisle, R. G. Clark, R. D. Dawson, N. T. Wheelwright, M. P. Lombardo, P. A. Thorpe, M. A. Truan, R. Walsh, M. L. Leonard, A. G. Horn, C.M. Vleck, D. Vleck, A. P. Rose, L. A. Whittingham, P. O. Dunn, K. A. Hobson, M. T. Stanback. 2012. Spatiotemporal patterns in nest box occupancy by tree swallows across North America. Avian Conservation and Ecology7: 3 ...
  http://uwm.edu/field-station/research/publications/research-publications/
*  Cliff Swallow | Audubon Field Guide
This swallow is probably far more common today than when the Pilgrims landed. Originally it built its jug-shaped mud nests on the sides of cliffs. However, the sides of barns and the supports of bridges provided sheltered sites that were far more widespread than the natural ones. Taking advantage of these artificial locations, the species has invaded many areas where it never nested before. Although it is continuing to spread in the east, it is still more common in the west, where practically every culvert and highway bridge seems to have its own Cliff Swallow colony.
  http://www.audubon.org/field-guide/bird/cliff-swallow
*  Cucina Rustica, Los Angeles - Downtown - Menu, Prices & Restaurant Reviews - TripAdvisor
Cucina Rustica, Los Angeles: See 75 unbiased reviews of Cucina Rustica, rated 4 of 5, and one of 10,354 Los Angeles restaurants on TripAdvisor.
  https://www.tripadvisor.com.sg/Restaurant_Review-g32655-d1995119-Reviews-Cucina_Rustica-Los_Angeles_California.html
*  Swallow - Wikipedia
Swallow pode referir-se a: Moroka Swallows Football Club - clube de futebol sul-africano Tokyo Yakult Swallows - clube de beisebol japonês Swallow (EP) - da banda alemã Flowing Tears Todas as páginas da Wikipédia lusófona cujo título começa por "Swallow" Busca por "swallow ...
  https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swallow
*  Cliff Swallows Engage In Extra-Pair Copulations | The Birders Report
The thing that really caught my eye as I pulled to the side of the road was a male Cliff Swallow diving down to mate with the female as she gathered grass for
  http://thebirdersreport.com/wild-birds/bird-sightings/cliff-swallows-engage-in-extra-pair-copulations
*  LacusCurtius • Columella, De Re Rustica - Book III
Part of a complete English translation of Columella's de Re Rustica. Site contains many Greek and Latin texts, translations and related material.
  http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Columella/de_Re_Rustica/3
*  Welcome swallow | New Zealand Birds Online
Welcome swallows are small fast-flying birds found in open country particularly around lakes, coasts, riverbeds and ponds. Their flight is circular and darting in style, and they may be seen singly, in pairs or in flocks. Flocks often perch en masse, lined up on fences or power lines. They were named 'welcome swallows' because they appeared in southern Australia as a herald of spring. Due to their elegant shape and flight, and their preference for nesting around buildings, swallows are noticed and appreciated more than most other small birds.. Identification. Welcome swallows are small, elegant birds with blunt heads, a deeply-forked tail and long pointed wings. Adults have rufous on the forehead, neck and breast and to a lesser degree (and paler) on the flanks. The bill is short, broad and black, and they have a black eye stripe. The back and upperwings are blue-black. The tail is dark with white spots towards the ends of the feathers that ...
  http://nzbirdsonline.org.nz/?q=node/587
*  Swallow
Dikke trio pret met een brunet slet Brunette Tori Black in een trio met heet triootje BBW milf getapet, vastgebonden en swallow Chubby tiener neukt een frans boertje blonde mature laat je met haar grote een hoofddoek in het theehuis Roodharige lesbi poesje Nederlandse boerin met dikke tieten proeft een lul van over de grens Katya solliciteert voor haar eerste baantje POV handjob tease Paris Kennedy Stanley is de lul en is de laatste die Danique mag weer begonnen, swallow in Frankrijk BBC tussen de dikke lippen van Savana Mama heeft van dochter Blonde Ellen woll ein bitschen geniet zwaar geknevelde milf toch van swallow aandacht Wie is swallow prachtige Poolse slet.
  http://cyese.info/gendt/swallow-1
*  Kiss + Swallow - Wikipedia
Kiss + Swallow è l'album di debutto di IAMX "I AM X" - 0:17 "Kiss And Swallow" - 5:15 "Sailor" - 5:12 "Naked But Safe" - 5:23 "Simple Girl" - 4:41 "Mercy" - 6:02 "Your Joy Is My Low" - 5:20 "I Like Pretending" - 5:16 "You Stick It In Me" - 4:19 "Skin Vision" - 5:11 "Missile" - 3:35 "White Suburb Impressionism" - 5:05 "Heatwave" - 5:11 IAMX (EN) Kiss + Swallow, su Discogs, Zink Media. (EN) Kiss + Swallow, su MusicBrainz, MetaBrainz Foundation ...
  https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kiss_+_Swallow
*  The Role of Oxidative Stress in Environmental Responses of Fennoscandian Animals
In this thesis I studied environmentally caused changes in the redox regulation of different wild vertebrate animals to gain knowledge on the temporal, spatial and pollution-derived-effects on the AOX systems. As study species I used barn swallow, ringed seal and the Baltic salmon. For the barn swallow the main interest was the seasonal fluctuation in the redox regulation and its connection to migration and breeding. The more contaminated ringed seals of the Baltic Sea were compared to seals from cleaner Svalbard to investigate whether they suffered from contaminant induced oxidative stress. The regional and temporal variation in redox regulation and regional variation in mRNA and protein expressions of Baltic salmon were studied to gain knowledge if the salmon from different areas are equally stressed. As a comparative aspect the redox responses of these different species were investigated to see which parts of the AOX system are substantial in which species ...
  http://www.doria.fi/handle/10024/101916
*  Modified barium swallow study | Throat Disorder
A Modified Barium Swallow Study is performed by a radiologist and speech pathologist to evaluate all steps of swallowing from the chewing of food to the eventual passage from the throat into the stomach. It provides important information regarding what a person is capable of swallowing, if swallowing is safe, and also helps determine what maneuvers and excises can be performed to improve swallowing.. The study itself takes about a half hour to complete. The patient swallows food and liquids of different consistencies while x rays are being taken. The x-ray helps to determine if aspiration occurs, and if there are any obstructions to swallowing. It is an important tool that is often used prior to starting swallow therapy.. ...
  https://throatdisorder.com/modified-barium-swallow-study/
*  Travel - Living the Scientific Life (Scientist, Interrupted)
tags: Gray Wren-warbler, Zambia Wren-warbler, Western Wren-warbler, Calamonastes simplex, Lesser Striped Swallow, Striped Swallow, Hirundo abyssinica, birds, mystery bird, bird ID quiz [Mystery bird]Gray Wren-warbler (perched), also known as a Zambia Wren-warbler or Western Wren-warbler, Calamonastes simplex, and a Lesser Striped Swallow (flying), also known as a Striped Swallow, Hirundo abyssinica, photographed near the Pangani…. ...
  http://scienceblogs.com/grrlscientist/category/travel/
*  Intraspecific kleptoparasitism improves chick growth and reproductive output in Common Terns Sterna hirundo - García - 2013 -...
García, G. O., Becker, P. H., Favero, M. (2013), Intraspecific kleptoparasitism improves chick growth and reproductive output in Common Terns Sterna hirundo. Ibis, 155: 338-347. doi: 10.1111/ibi.12019 ...
  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ibi.12019/references
*  Baby swallows
When we moved into our house in Boulder, it had been empty for some while. During that time, a mated pair of barn swallows had built a nest over our fr ...
  http://www.slate.com/blogs/bad_astronomy/2007/07/07/baby_swallows.html
*  Wholesale Battery Buggy, China Wholesale Battery Buggy Manufacturers & Suppliers | Made-in-China.com
Wholesale Battery Buggy - Select 2017 high quality Wholesale Battery Buggy products in best price from certified Chinese Dune Buggy manufacturers, 800cc Buggy suppliers, wholesalers and factory on Made-in-China.com
  http://www.made-in-china.com/products-search/hot-china-products/Wholesale_Battery_Buggy.html
*  Powerturn Buggies - Altitude Events
Powerturn Buggies are twin engined twin seater off road buggies, which are fantastic fun and suitable for a whole range of events. The unique driving style of the 6 wheeled Powerturn uses joysticks for steering and acceleration instead of a steering wheel and pedals. You will find that Powerturn wheelies under acceleration are commonplace bringing a smile to everyone's face!. The Powerturns are controlled like a tank using skid steer steering so that they can turn tightly on the spot. With a separate control joystick working each engine they are simple to use and totally different to most other off road buggies out there today. This means that Power Turns can be driven by a pair of drivers using a control lever each which is perfect for team building days where communication is the key. The Powerturn Buggies can be driven by anyone over the age of 16 and we can also take over 12's out in them for passenger rides. Check out the gallery for more pictures of Powerturns in action.. As with all of ...
  http://www.altitudeevents.org/activities/powerturn-buggy-hire/
*  Go fast or go home with Altitude's Powerturn Buggies! - Altitude Events
The unique driving style of the 6 wheeled Powerturn uses joysticks for steering and acceleration instead of a steering wheel and pedals. You will find that Powerturn wheelies under acceleration are commonplace bringing a smile to everyone's face!. Controlled like a tank, these off road buggies use skid steer steering so that they can turn tightly on the spot. With a separate control joystick working each engine they are simple to use and totally different to most other off road buggies out there today. This means they can be driven by a pair of drivers using a control lever each which is perfect for team building days where communication is the key.. The Powerturn Buggies can be driven by anyone over the age of 16 and we can also take over 12's out in them for passenger rides. Check out the gallery for more pictures of Powerturns in action.. See more about the Powerturn Buggies, including specifications here.. ...
  http://www.altitudeevents.org/go-fast-go-home-altitudes-powerturn-buggies/
*  Swallows soar high | News24
I vow it will never happen again. Swallows is an institution in South African football," he said.. Looking back, Prins said he would have put his house down as a bet if anyone had told him before the beginning of the season that Swallows would have collected a mere two points after nine games.. "I don't think that even if we had fielded our Under-19 side we would have performed that badly," he said. "The coach had blooded some very good young players the previous season and we finished in the top eight.. "We beat SuperSport United and Ajax Cape Town on our way to the MTN8 final. "When we took Orlando Pirates to extra time and then lost on penalties I told my wife that it was a huge psychological blow for the young squad we had.". Prins believed his words were prophetic as from then the club went on a nose-dive.. "I want to thank the supporters who stood by us and I think this was because they realised that as the club's management we were not just folding our hands but were ...
  http://www.news24.com/Archives/City-Press/Swallows-soar-high-20150429
*  Swallow Fire Lyrics - The North Atlantic
Lyrics to Swallow Fire by The North Atlantic: Swallow fire / Chew the wine / You can't control your body / Take your pill / Sell your will
  http://www.lyricsfreak.com/t/the+north+atlantic/swallow+fire_20699080.html