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*  Antigenicity | definition of antigenicity by Medical dictionary
... influenza A virus nucleoprotein; influenza A virus haemagglutinin glycoproteins; structure and mechanism of the M2 channel; ... a single-gene diagnostic microarray for influenza A; and computer-assisted vaccine design.. Influenza; molecular virology ... Molecular basis of the structure and function of H1 hemagglutinin of influenza virus ... Subjects covered include the NS1 protein of influenza A virus; structural insights in to the function of influenza NS1; ...
  http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/antigenicity
*  Influenza: Molecular Virology
... the structure of influenza NS1, influenza B hemagglutinin, influenza A nucleoprotein, influenza A hemagglutinin glycoproteins, ... Subjects covered include the NS1 protein of influenza A virus, ... If this virus were to acquire some of the lethal capabilities ... influenza virus polymerase, gene diagnostic microarrays, and computer-assisted vaccine design. ... however it is highly transmittable between people and a new influenza pandemic has been declared. ...
  https://www.caister.com/influenza
*  Pandemic H1N1 influenza virus causes a stronger inflammatory response than seasonal H1N1 influenza virus in ferrets, Archives...
Archives of Virology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic ... "Pandemic H1N1 influenza virus causes a stronger inflammatory response than seasonal H1N1 influenza virus in ferrets, ... A and B virus, and seven segments for influenza C virus. [8, 24]. The glycoproteins hemagglutinin (HA) and neur- ... Pandemic H1N1 influenza virus causes a stronger inflammatory response than seasonal H1N1 influenza virus in ferrets. Kang, ...
  https://www.deepdyve.com/lp/springer_journal/pandemic-h1n1-influenza-virus-causes-a-stronger-inflammatory-response-j2w1wRMO0e
*  H5N1 Virus Targets Pulmonary Endothelial Cells | Infection Control Today
... and the University of South Alabama show that the highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 virus, but not seasonal influenza ... The research is published in the January Journal of Virology. ... of magnitude higher than that of seasonal influenza virus. Many ... viruses, can target the cells of human lung tissue, where they replicate fast and efficiently, and induce inflammation, which ... The H5N1 virus has killed roughly 60 percent of humans infected, a mortality rate which is orders ...
  https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/infections/h5n1-virus-targets-pulmonary-endothelial-cells
*  The virulence of the 1918 pandemic influenza virus: unraveling the enigma | SpringerLink
The 1918 influenza pandemic caused acute illness in 25-30% of the World's population and resulted in the death of up to 40 ... Using lung tissue of 1918 influenza victims, the complete... ... of the haemagglutinin membrane glycoprotein of influenza virus ... Enhancement of the infectivity of influenza A and B viruses by proteolytic cleavage of the hemagglutinin polypeptide. Virology ... Webster R, Rott R (1987) Influenza virus A pathogenicity: the pivotal role of hemagglutinin. Cell 50: 665-666PubMedCrossRef ...
  https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/3-211-29981-5_9
*  Influenza Pandemic Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words
An influenza pandemic occurs when a new subtype emerges that has not formerly circulated in humans. The disease spreads easily ... Influenza Type A viruses are divided into subtypes based on differences in the surface glycoprotein antigens, hem agglutinin ( ... The last 2 were in the era of modern virology and most thoroughly characterized. All 3 have been unofficially identified by the ... Influenza A, B and C viruses are known to cause disease in humans. While influenza B and C viruses are strictly human pathogens ...
  https://studentshare.net/science/282305-influenza-pandemic
*  Microbiology Society Journals | Plasminogen promotes influenza A virus replication through an annexin 2-dependent pathway in...
... is essential for the infectivity of influenza A viruses (IAVs). This is usually mediated by trypsin-like proteases present in ... Here, using NA-deficient viruses, we demonstrate that NA is not required for the binding of PLG and subsequent cleavage of HA. ... It was demonstrated previously that neuraminidase (NA) of the IAV strain A/WSN/33 can sequester PLG, allowing this virus to ... as an alternative protease may contribute to pathogenesis of IAV infections and virus replication outside the respiratory tract ...
  http://jgv.microbiologyresearch.org/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/vir.0.023804-0
*  Lpmhealthcare » Influenza 2012
Title: Effect of different glycosylation patterns of the haemagglutinin glycoprotein of H7N1 avian influenza viruses on virus ... Professor of Molecular Virology, Department of Virology, Erasmus MC, The Netherlands. Title: Transmission of influenza A/H5N1 ... Title: Glycans on the hemagglutinin of influenza A virus are a target for recognition by soluble and cell-surface C-type ... Positive selection for gains of N-linked glycosylation sites in hemagglutinin during evolution of H3N2 human influenza A virus ...
  http://lpmhealthcare.com/influenza-2012/
*  Filamentous Influenza Viruses | SpringerLink
Influenza virus is an unusual pathogen in that it is pleomorphic, capable o ... Influenza A virus is a pathogen of global medical importance causing significant health and socio-economic costs every year. ... The M1 matrix protein controls the filamentous phenotype of influenza A virus. Virology. 2004;321(1):144-53.CrossRefPubMed ... Influenza virus assembly and lipid raft microdomains: a role for the cytoplasmic tails of the spike glycoproteins. J Virol. ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs40588-016-0041-7
*  Evolution and dynamics of the pandemic H1N1 influenza hemagglutinin protein from 2009 to 2017 | SpringerLink
Sriwilaijaroen N, Suzuki Y (2012) Molecular basis of the structure and function of H1 hemagglutinin of influenza virus. Proc ... Gamblin SJ, Skehel JJ (2010) Influenza hemagglutinin and neuraminidase membrane glycoproteins. J Biol Chem 285(37):28403-28409 ... Archives of Virology. November 2018. , Volume 163, Issue 11, pp 3035-3049 , Cite as ... Luoh SM, McGregor MW, Hinshaw VS (1992) Hemagglutinin mutations related to antigenic variation in H1 swine influenza viruses. J ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00705-018-3962-z
*  News this Week | Science
Hemagglutinin and neuraminidase (NA), another surface glycoprotein that helps newly made viruses exit cells, give strains their ... More troubling, if a pandemic strain of influenza came along, the virus could kill millions of people in the time it would take ... As they reported last June in the Journal of Virology, M2e mutants appeared in some mice after 3 weeks, but there were only two ... Modern medicine's main weapon against the influenza virus is woefully unsophisticated. Each year, companies have to make a new ...
  http://science.sciencemag.org/content/312/5772/news-summaries
*  Application # 2017/0233794. Nucleic Acid Detection System and Method for Detecting Influenza - Patents.com
... hemagglutinin and neuraminidase. Influenza B viruses are not categorized into subtypes. Since 1977, influenza A (H1N1) viruses ... Influenza A can be classified into subtypes based on the antigenic differences of two surface glycoproteins, hemagglutinin (HA ... 353: 2667; Ilyushina et al., 2005, Virology 341: 102). More recently, testing of seasonal influenza A (H3N2) isolates from ... Influenza B viruses undergo antigenic drift less rapidly than influenza A viruses. [0006] Influenza A viruses are the major ...
  http://patents.com/us-20170233794.html
*  Antisera and Monoclonal Antibodies Page 19
Immunological reagents to many viral agents are also available through the Virology Collection, including neutralizing antisera ... Mouse monoclonal antibody prepared against the H1 hemagglutinin (HA) of influenza virus A/South Carolina/1/1918 (H1N1) was ... Mouse monoclonal antibody prepared against the envelope glycoprotein of West Nile virus (WNV) was purified from clone E121 ... Influenza A virus (H1N1) (ATCC® VR-1668™) ATCC® Number: VR-1668™ Classification: Orthomyxoviridae, Influenzavirus A ...
  https://www.atcc.org/en/Products/Cells_and_Microorganisms/Viruses/Antisera_and_Monoclonal_Antibodies.aspx?dsNav=Ro:30,Up:Page_Product_Listing&slp=1
*  avian influenza
This avian influenza virus has never been isolated from humans.. Influenza A viruses with the H7 hemagglutinin protein ... On episode #270 of the science show This Week in Virology, Vincent and Rich discuss avian influenza virus and an antiviral drug ... Confirmation that transmissibility of influenza virus among ferrets depends on a stable HA glycoprotein. This result was a ... Yet another avian influenza virus, H10N8, infects humans. To the collection of avian influenza viruses known to sporadically ...
  http://www.virology.ws/tag/avian-influenza/
*  Virology (D) Enveloped Viruses and (E) INTERFERON Flashcards - Cram.com
Enveloped Viruses and (E) INTERFERON at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to ... different influenza strains within each type of influenza are based on: antigenic differences in the hemagglutinin and ... H glycoprotein antigen is always antigenically shifted. N glycoprotein is sometimes shifted as well (usually makes pandemic ... 1) GENETIC RECOMBINATION bt human and animal influenza A viruses. 2) DIRECT TRANSMISSION OF ANIMAL VIRUS TO HUMAN POPULATION ( ...
  http://www.cram.com/flashcards/virology-d-enveloped-viruses-and-e-interferon-432346
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
Influenza A virus, Orthomyxoviridae Infections, Influenza, Human, Influenza in Birds, Influenza Vaccines, hemagglutinin, ... Although here we focus on influenza virus surface glycoproteins, this method can also be used to produce other viral and ... Infection, Issue 76, Structural Biology, Virology, Genetics, Medicine, Biomedical Engineering, Molecular Biology, Infectious ... Hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) are two surface proteins of influenza viruses which are known to play important roles ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/21179517/hospitalized-children-with-2009-pandemic-influenza-h1n1-comparison-to
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Gene S. Tan
Generation of Escape Variants of Neutralizing Influenza Virus Monoclonal Antibodies' ... Assessment of Influenza Virus Hemagglutinin Stalk-based Immunity in Ferrets Journal of Virology. Mar, 2014 , Pubmed ID: ... cH5/1N1 viruses also display higher glycoprotein density than pH1N1 or H5N1 viruses, but despite these differences, antibodies ... A Virus-like Particle That Elicits Cross-reactive Antibodies to the Conserved Stem of Influenza Virus Hemagglutinin Journal of ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Gene+S._Tan
*  A single-amino-acid substitution in the HA protein changes the replication and pathogenicity of the 2009 pandemic A (H1N1)...
... attention to further potentially severe influenza pandemic that may result from cross-host evolution of the influenza viruses. ... especially within the receptor binding domain of the hemagglutinin (HA) protein could result in more virulent virus stains, ... Here, we found that a single amino acid substitution of Asp-to-Gly at position 222 in the HA protein of the A (H1N1) virus ... Although the virus infection is generally associated with mild disease and a relatively low mortality, it is projected that ...
  https://virologyj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1743-422X-7-325
*  The role of receptor binding specificity in interspecies transmission of influenza viruses
Influenza A virus infection begins with the binding of the hemagglutinin (HA) glycoprotein to sialic acid-containing receptors ... H9N2 influenza A viruses from poultry in Asia have human virus-like receptor specificity. Virology. 2001;281:156-162. [PubMed] ... Human influenza A H5N1 virus related to a highly pathogenic avian influenza virus. Lancet. 1998;351:472-477. [PubMed] ... Receptor binding specificity of human and avian influenza A viruses and influenza virus receptor distribution among birds, pigs ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC5605752/
*  The Role of Secreted Serine Proteases of the Host in Influenza Viral Pathogenesis | SpringerLink
IAV infectivity depends on activation of the viral hemagglutinin by... ... Influenza A virus (IAV) is one of the most common pathogens causing acute respiratory infections in humans of all age group. ... Identification of trypsin I as a candidate for influenza A virus and Sendai virus envelope glycoprotein processing protease in ... Klenk H-D, Rott R, Orlich M, Blödom J. Activation of influenza A viruses by trypsin treatment. Virology. 1975;68:426-39. ...
  https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-319-75474-1_7
*  American Scientist Online - Influenza
... variations of two glycoproteins, hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA), which protrude from the surface of the virus. HA's ... Reverse genetics of influenza virus. Virology 287:243-250. *Reid, A. H., T. G. Fanning, J. V. Hultin and J. K. Taubenberger. ... These antineuraminidase drugs hobble the NA glycoprotein on the surface of the influenza virus. When NA is inhibited, the virus ... Influenza A virus lacking the NS1 gene replicates in interferon-deficient systems. Virology 252:324-330. ...
  http://people.scs.carleton.ca/~soma/biosec/readings/influenza/influenza.html
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Silke Stertz
Measuring Attachment and Internalization of Influenza A Virus in A549 Cells by Flow Cytometry' ... Influenza A Virus Strains Differ in Sensitivity to the Antiviral Action of Mx-GTPase Journal of Virology. Apr, 2008 , Pubmed ID ... A Potent Anti-influenza Compound Blocks Fusion Through Stabilization of the Prefusion Conformation of the Hemagglutinin Protein ... Later on, viral nucleocapsids have to be transported to the budding sites in the Golgi region where the viral glycoproteins ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Silke_Stertz
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Silke Stertz (Translated to Arabic)
Influenza A Virus Strains Differ in Sensitivity to the Antiviral Action of Mx-GTPase Journal of Virology. Apr, 2008 , Pubmed ID ... A Potent Anti-influenza Compound Blocks Fusion Through Stabilization of the Prefusion Conformation of the Hemagglutinin Protein ... Later on, viral nucleocapsids have to be transported to the budding sites in the Golgi region where the viral glycoproteins ... Human Host Factors Required for Influenza Virus Replication Nature. Feb, 2010 , Pubmed ID: 20027183 Influenza A virus is an RNA ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Silke_Stertz?language=Arabic
*  Virus - Wikipedia
Discordant antigenic drift of neuraminidase and hemagglutinin in H1N1 and H3N2 influenza viruses. Proceedings of the National ... Animal viruses. Main articles: Animal virus and Veterinary virology. Viruses are important pathogens of livestock. Diseases ... proteins to the apical membranes and interaction of matrix protein with glycoproteins in the assembly of influenza viruses. ... I: dsDNA viruses. II: ssDNA viruses. III: dsRNA viruses. IV: (+)ssRNA viruses. V: (−)ssRNA viruses. VI: ssRNA-RT viruses. VII: ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virus_structure
*  NAVER Academic | Endogenous Murine BST-2/Tetherin Is Not a Major Restriction Factor of Influenza A Virus Infection.
Involvement of the mannose receptor in infection of macrophages by influenza virus. P C Reading et al. JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY ... Receptor binding and membrane fusion in virus entry: the influenza hemagglutinin. J J Skehel et al. Annual Review of ... Influenza A virus, Lung, Macrophages, cytology, Male, Membrane Glycoproteins, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Transgenic, Nasal ... Characterization of a novel influenza A virus hemagglutinin subtype (H16) obtained from black-headed gulls. Ron A M Fouchier et ...
  https://academic.naver.com/article.naver?doc_id=177640218