*  Treaty of Bardo | France-Tunisia [1881] | Britannica.com
... agreement that established France's protectorate over Tunisia. A French expeditionary force of 36,000 men was sent to Tunisia ... in 1881 at the urging of the French foreign minister, Jules Ferry, ostensibly to subdue attacks of the Tunisian Kroumer tribe ... agreement that established France's protectorate over Tunisia. A French expeditionary force of 36,000 men was sent to Tunisia ... Tunisia: The growth of European influence. …in 1881 and imposed the Treaty of Bardo, which sanctioned French military ...
  https://www.britannica.com/event/Treaty-of-Bardo
*  William Gill (explorer) - Wikipedia
Tunisia became a French territory. France's interest in North Africa led William Gill to seek detailed knowledge of the Ottoman ... Gill arrived in Tripoli at the beginning of November 1881. After waiting three months for a travel permit that was never issued ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Gill_(explorer)
*  Left- and right-hand traffic - Wikipedia
Tunisia. RHT[57]. LHT. French RHT was enforced in the French protectorate of Tunisia from 1881.. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Right_hand_drive
*  The Muslim Compendium: Hizb al-Nahdah - Husayn, Taha
... which reigned over Tunisia from 1705 until the establishment of the Republic of Tunisia in 1957.. Al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAlī, an ... Husaynids (Husainids). Last dynasty of the Beys of Tunisia (r.1705-1957). Their main capital was Tunis (Bardo). It was founded ... The Husainid Dynasty is the former ruling dynasty of Tunisia originally of Cretan origin. They came to power under Al-Husayn I ... The Bardo Treaty, signed after France invaded Tunisia in 1881, left Muhammad al-Sadiq (r. 1859-1882) on the throne, but without ...
  http://everettjenkinsthemuslimcompendium.blogspot.com/2013/03/hizb-al-nahdah-husayn-taha.html
*  Arabic names of calendar months - Wikipedia
The names of the Gregorian months in Algeria and Tunisia are based on the French names of the months, reflecting France's long ... 1881-1956 in Tunisia). The original French names are therefore listed below. Morocco is using both the classic Hijri calendar ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabic_names_of_calendar_months
*  History of the Ottoman Empire - Wikipedia
... occupied Tunisia in 1881. The results were first hailed as a great achievement in peacemaking and stabilisation. However, most ... Tunisia (occupied by France in 1881) and Libya (occupied by Italy in 1912). Although granted their own constitution and ... despite the fact that an equally large Ottoman fleet was built in a short time and Tunisia was recovered from Spain in 1574. ... In July 1881 the first telephone circuit in Istanbul was established between the Ministry of Post and Telegraph in the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Ottoman_Empire
*  Decline and modernization of the Ottoman Empire - Wikipedia
... occupied Tunisia in 1881. The results were first hailed as a great achievement in peacemaking and stabilisation. However, most ... In July 1881 the first telephone circuit in Istanbul was established between the Ministry of Post and Telegraph in the ... The Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78 was followed in 1880 - 1881 by the attempt of Shaykh Ubayd Allah of Nihri to found an " ... The first official census (1881-93) took 10 years to finish. In 1893, the results were compiled and presented. This census is ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decline_and_modernization_of_the_Ottoman_Empire
*  Arab-Jewish Refugees, the other Middle Eastern Refugee problem
The Jews of Tunisia soon began to flee from the extremism that the "Arabization" policy of the government had fostered. Of ... Tunisia. Tunisian Jewry, along with the other Maghrebi Jewish communities, has been relegated to "a backwater of Jewish history ... The success that Tunisia's Jews achieved in the various trades and professions should not ... obscure the fact that there also ... When Tunisia became independent in 1956, a Jew was included in the Bourguiba cabinet, while at the same time, paradoxically, an ...
  http://eretzyisroel.org/~peters/arabjew.html
*  French colonial flags - Wikipedia
Tunisia: From 1881-1956, Tunisia was a French protectorate. It has been reported that the tricolour was added to the Tunisian ... Flag used by some military units in the French protectorate of Tunisia (1881-1956) Flag of the French Mandate of Syria ( ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_colonial_flags
*  Océan-class ironclad - Wikipedia
Marengo participated in the French conquest of Tunisia in 1881. Suffren was often used as the flagship for the squadron she was ... Suffren was reduced to reserve in 1881 and not recommissioned until 23 August 1884 when she was assigned to the Northern ... Marengo was transferred to the Levant Squadron (French: Division Navale du Levant) on 13 February 1881 and bombarded the ... Tunisian port of Sfax in July 1881 as part of the French conquest of Tunisia. She remained in the Mediterranean until she was ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oc%C3%A9an-class_ironclad
*  Muhammad III as-Sadiq - Wikipedia
Tunisia portal Human rights portal History of the Jews in Tunisia Ottoman Tunisia History of French-era Tunisia The Mejba ... Since the time of Hammouda Pasha two hundred years before, French interests in Tunisia had been housed in the fondouk des ... France gained an important foothold in Tunisia in 1869 by means of a tripartite Debt Commission, constituted with the United ... The Bey was therefore compelled to sign the Treaty of Bardo on 12 May, establishing the French protectorate of Tunisia. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_III_as-Sadiq
*  Tripoli - Wikipedia
After the French occupation of Tunisia (1881), the Ottomans increased their garrison in Tripoli considerably.[clarification ... a road that went from Tripoli and Tunisia's frontier to the border of Egypt. The car tag for the Italian province of Tripoli ... like the one used in Egypt and Tunisia) between Tripoli and Benghazi. But the war (with the defeat of the Italian Army) stopped ... lay along the southern shore of the Mediterranean between Tunisia in the west and Egypt in the east. Besides the city itself, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tripoli
*  History of French foreign relations - Wikipedia
Britain established a protectorate, as France had a year earlier in Tunisia, and popular opinion in France later put this ... France occupied Tunisia in May 1881. In 1884, France occupied Guinea. French West Africa (AOF) was founded in 1895, and French ... Agnes Murphy, The ideology of French imperialism, 1871-1881 (1968). D.W. Brogan, France under the Republic: The Development of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_French_foreign_relations
*  Point of No Return: Jewish Refugees from Arab and Muslim Countries: July 2016
And to what extent were Moroccan Jews Mizrahi-Arabic? Colonialist France seized Algeria in 1830, Tunisia in 1881, and Morocco ... Tunisia, Iraq, Iran, Libya, Lebanon, and Yemen. The conference attendees were inspired, empowered, and strengthened in their ... describing assets his father's family owned in Morocco and other assets his mother's family held in Tunisia. "I know firsthand ...
  http://jewishrefugees.blogspot.com/2016/07/
*  Tunisia - Wikipedia
The word Tunisia is derived from Tunis; a central urban hub and the capital of modern-day Tunisia. The present form of the name ... From 1942-1943, Tunisia was the scene of the Tunisia Campaign, a series of battles between the Axis and Allied forces. The ... Tunisia's population was estimated to be just under 11.93 million in 2016. Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, ... Tunisia achieved independence from France in 1956 with Habib Bourguiba as Prime Minister. A year later, Tunisia was declared a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tunisia
*  Tunisian national movement - Wikipedia
Tunisia was the first state in the Arab world influenced by modern nationalism: the movement against the French occupation ... At this point Italians were the largest foreign community in Tunisia, with nearly 150 000 people, compared to a French ... The party, which consisted mainly of middle-class French-educated Tunisians, campaigned to safeguard Tunisia's Arab-Muslim ... cit., p. 228 Kinsey, David C. (1971), "Efforts for Educational Synthesis under Colonial Rule: Egypt and Tunisia", Comparative ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tunisian_national_movement
*  Menzel Bourguiba - Wikipedia
The yard has seen its workforce decline, after the high level of activity in the 1970s and 1980s, when Tunisia had a larger ... House of Bourguiba'), formerly known as Ferryville, is a town located in the extreme north of Tunisia, about 60 km from Tunis, ... The town's name translates as "House of Bourguiba", as it was named after the first president of independent Tunisia, Habib ... During the French colonization of Tunisia (1881-1956), Menzel Bourguiba was named Ferryville, referring to contemporary French ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menzel_Bourguiba
*  Archdiocese of Carthage - Wikipedia
In 1684, Pope Urban VIII established an apostolic prefecture at Tunis for Ottoman Tunisia, which Pope Gregory XVI raised to the ... The modus vivendi gave the Catholic Church in Tunisia legal personality and stated that it was legally represented by the ... The modus vivendi banned the Catholic Church from any political activity in Tunisia. This particular agreement was unofficially ... Carthage Circumcellions Donatist Tertullian Pelagian Tunisia Although 1983 CIC canon 431 § 2 states that "[a]s a rule, exempt ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archdiocese_of_Carthage
*  List of Commandants Superior of the Strategic Base of Bizerte - Wikipedia
Conquest of Tunisia, France takes possession of Bizerte. 20 March 1956: Independence of Tunisia, France retains Bizerte ( ... This is a listing of Commandants Superior of the French Strategic Base of Bizerte, in Tunisia. 3 May 1881: ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Commandants_Superior_of_the_Strategic_Base_of_Bizerte
*  Adnen Mansser - Wikipedia
Armed resistance in Tunisia (1881-1939) part 1, 1997, Higher Institute of the history of the National Movement Publications ( ... with Amira Aleya Sghaier). Armed resistance in Tunisia (1939-1956) part 2, 2004, Higher Institute of the history of the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adnen_Mansser
*  Italian irredentism - Wikipedia
Irredentism faced a setback when the French occupation of Tunisia in 1881 started a crisis in French-Italian relations. The ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italian_irredentism
*  Ahmed 'Urabi - Wikipedia
The strong naval presence spurred fears of an imminent invasion (as had been the case in Tunisia in 1881); anti-Christian riots ... Some historians also note that the 1881-1882 revolution laid the foundation for mass politics in Egypt. Especially under Gamal ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmed_%E2%80%98Urabi
*  French ironclad Alma - Wikipedia
The ship spent her early career on the China Station and later supported the French occupation of Tunisia in 1881. She was ... From 6-16 July 1881 the ship bombarded the Tunisian port of Sfax as part of the French occupation of Tunisia. She was reduced ... She was in reserve in Cherbourg from 1876 to 1881. Alma recommissioned on 1 March 1881 and was assigned to the Levant Squadron ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_ironclad_Alma
*  May 12 - Wikipedia
Tunisia becomes a French protectorate. 1885 - North-West Rebellion: The four-day Battle of Batoche, pitting rebel Métis against ... 1881) 1812 - Edward Lear, English poet and illustrator (d. 1888) 1814 - Adolf von Henselt, German pianist and composer (d. 1889 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_12
*  Bizerte - Wikipedia
With the occupation of Tunisia in 1881, France gained control of Bizerte and built a large naval harbor in the city. In 1924, ... Bizerte is known as the oldest and most European city in Tunisia. It was founded around 1100 BC by Semitic Phoenicians from ... As a tourist centre the region is however not as popular as the eastern coast of Tunisia. There is manufacturing (textile, auto ... During the entire war, the soldiers were transported to the Salonica Front while the wounded were transported back to Tunisia. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bizerte