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*  Hydrachloric acid | Article about Hydrachloric acid by The Free Dictionary
It is very soluble in water and... Explanation of Hydrachloric acid ... Find out information about Hydrachloric acid. see hydrogen chloride hydrogen chloride, chemical compound, HCl, a colorless, ... Hydrochloric acid was known to alchemists in the late 16th century, who obtained it by heating table salt with either clay or ... Hydrochloric Acid. HCI a strong monobasic acid; a solution of hydrogen chloride in water. Hydrochloric acid is a colorless ...
  http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Hydrachloric+acid
*  History of mineralogy - Wikipedia
Aided by Greek mathematics and Islamic mathematics, he discovered the syntheses for hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, ... However, before the more definitive foundational works on mineralogy in the 16th century, the ancients recognized no more than ... There was also the Islamic alchemist and scientist Jābir ibn Hayyān (721-815 AD), who was the first to bring the experimental ... In the early 16th century AD, the writings of the German scientist Georg Bauer, pen-name Georgius Agricola (1494-1555 AD), in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_mineralogy
*  Hydrochloric acid - Wikipedia
... by Johann Rudolph Glauber in the 17th century). Free hydrochloric acid was first formally described in the 16th century by ... Hydrochloric acid was discovered by the alchemist Jabir ibn Hayyan around the year 800 AD.[6][7] Hydrochloric acid was ... Free hydrochloric acid was first formally described in the 16th century by Libavius, who prepared it by heating salt in clay ... Hydrochloric acid was known to European alchemists as spirits of salt or acidum salis (salt acid). Both names are still used, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrochloric_acid
*  University of Delaware Library: Perfecting Nature: Medicine, Metallurgy and Mysticism | Medicine
... and realia from the fifteenth century to the present. The collections complement the Library's general collections with ... Woodcut of two alchemists using a distiller.. [Medical, alchemical, and craft materials recipes, 15th and 16th centuries].. MSS ... including the preparation of hydrochloric acid, the formation or nitric acid from potassium nitrate and sulfuric acid, and ... Philippus Ulstadius (c. 16th century) was a professor of medicine at Fribourg University in Switzerland. Coelvm philosophorvm, ...
  http://www.lib.udel.edu/ud/spec/exhibits/alchemy/medicine.html
*  Pseudo-Geber - Wikipedia
... nitric acid, aqua regia, oil of vitriol, silver nitrate...." Aqua regia is a mixture of nitric acid and hydrochloric acid. ... a 9th-century Islamic alchemist. In Europe for many centuries from the 14th century onward it was assumed that "Geber" was ... It was not equaled in chemistry until the 16th century writings of chemist Vannoccio Biringuccio, mineralogist Georgius ... Arabic alchemy was held in high esteem by 13th century European alchemists. Pseudo-Geber adopted the name of his illustrious ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pseudo-Geber
*  The Lost History of Women in Chemistry: The First Alchemist - Death/Scent
... and finding hydrochloric acid. Zosimos says she discovered how to partially neutralize polyprotic acids, thus making an acid ... but her very existence has been up for debate since the 16th century. ... Miriam, Alchemist Super Star. Her first biographer, the early 4th-century Neo-Platonic Greek alchemist, Zosimos of Panopolis, ... We have for instance the 8th-century Arab alchemist Jabir Ibn Hayyan, Latinized as Geber, and the 13th-century Italian Pseudo- ...
  https://deathscent.com/2016/03/13/the-lost-history-of-women-in-chemistry-the-first-alchemist/
*  Chemical reaction - Wikipedia
In the 17th century, Johann Rudolph Glauber produced hydrochloric acid and sodium sulfate by reacting sulfuric acid and sodium ... From the 16th century, researchers including Jan Baptist van Helmont, Robert Boyle and Isaac Newton tried to establish theories ... such as the synthesis of sulfuric and nitric acids attributed to the controversial alchemist Jābir ibn Hayyān. The process ... In the Brønsted-Lowry acid-base theory, an acid-base reaction involves a transfer of protons (H+) from one species (the acid) ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chemical_reaction
*  Manganese - Wikipedia
First, hydrochloric acid, or a mixture of dilute sulfuric acid and sodium chloride was made to react with manganese dioxide, ... In the 16th century, manganese dioxide was called manganesum (note the two Ns instead of one) by glassmakers, possibly as a ... Because it was used in glassmaking, manganese dioxide was available for experiments by alchemists, the first chemists. Ignatius ... later hydrochloric acid from the Leblanc process was used and the manganese dioxide was recycled by the Weldon process. The ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manganese
*  Chemistry: A Volatile History - Wikipedia
In the 16th century alchemists were busy trying to turn base metals like lead, into gold. It was the Swiss alchemist and ... He added some zinc to spirit of salt (hydrochloric acid) and collected the evanescence given off as bubbles. The gas he ... Finally, adding spirit of salt (hydrochloric acid) draws out a brilliant colour: Prussian blue. Ever since seeing fireworks as ... In 18th century Prussia, Heinrich Diesbach was trying to produce a synthetic red paint. He started by heating potash (potassium ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chemistry:_A_Volatile_History
*  Acid - Howling Pixel
... by Johann Rudolph Glauber in the 17th century). Free hydrochloric acid was first formally described in the 16th century by ... Hydrochloric acid is also used in leather processing.. Hydrochloric acid was discovered by the alchemist Jabir ibn Hayyan ... Common acids. Mineral acids (inorganic acids). *Hydrogen halides and their solutions: hydrofluoric acid (HF), hydrochloric acid ... Examples of strong acids are hydrochloric acid (HCl), hydroiodic acid (HI), hydrobromic acid (HBr), perchloric acid (HClO4), ...
  https://howlingpixel.com/i-en/Acid
*  Chemical reaction - Wikipedia
In the 17th century, Johann Rudolph Glauber produced hydrochloric acid and sodium sulfate by reacting sulfuric acid and sodium ... From the 16th century, researchers including Jan Baptist van Helmont, Robert Boyle, and Isaac Newton tried to establish ... such as the synthesis of sulfuric and nitric acids attributed to the controversial alchemist Jābir ibn Hayyān. The process ... acid. +. B. base. ↽. −. −. ⇀. A. −. conjugated. base. +. HB. +. conjugated. acid. {\displaystyle {\ce {{\underset {acid}{HA ...
  https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chemical_reaction
*  HIGHEST OF THE HIGH OF ALL LORDS OF KARMA = ISIS OF 10,000 NAMES = CAROLINE E. KENNEDY
The 16th-century Swiss alchemist Philippus Paracelsus believed in the existence of alkahest which he thought to be an ... Jabir himself is believed to be the inventor of aqua regia, a mixture of muriatic (hydrochloric) and nitric acids, one of the ... from the theories of the 8th century Arab alchemist, Jabir ibn Hayyan (Latinized as 'Geber'). He analysed each Aristotelian ... Alchemists once thought a key component of the stone was a mythical element named carmot. The element is no longer believed to ...
  http://isisof10000namescmv.tripod.com/id54.html
*  Philosopher's stone - Wikipedia
The 16th-century Swiss alchemist Paracelsus (Philippus Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim) believed in the existence ... Jabir himself is believed to be the inventor of aqua regia, a mixture of muriatic (hydrochloric) and nitric acids, one of the ... unknown date, possibly 16th century) Theophrastus Paracelsus. Of the Nature of Things. 16th century Salomon Glass, Johann ... 17th Century. Anonymous. On the Philosophers' Stone. (unknown date, possibly 16th century) Eirenaeus Philalethes. A Brief Guide ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philosopher's_stone
*  The mysterious death of Francesco I de' Medici and Bianca Cappello: an arsenic murder? | The BMJ
... we added a mixture of hydrochloric and nitric acid, and, after 30 minutes' digestion, we transferred cooled samples into 50 ml ... and paleopathological study of the Medici funerary depositions in the 16th to 18th centuries directed by Gino Fornaciari of the ... 9 Francesco I was an expert alchemist and a poisons scholar who might have been chronically exposed to arsenic during his ... More than two and half centuries later, in 1857, the Grand Duke of Lorena, Leopold II, ordered the Medici family tomb to be ...
  https://www.bmj.com/content/333/7582/1299.full
*  S)-dihydroorotate:NAD+ oxidoreductase - WikiVisually
In the 17th century, Johann Rudolph Glauber produced hydrochloric acid and sodium sulfate by reacting sulfuric acid, further ... From the 16th century, researchers including Jan Baptist van Helmont, Robert Boyle, the phlogiston theory was proposed in 1667 ... Oxygen was discovered by the Polish alchemist Sendivogius, who considered it the philosophers stone. In the late 17th century, ... Orotate - Orotic acid is a heterocyclic compound and an acid, it is also known as pyrimidinecarboxylic acid. Historically it ...
  https://wikivisually.com/wiki/%28S%29-dihydroorotate%3ANAD%2B_oxidoreductase
*  1,4-alpha-D-glucan maltotriohydrolase - WikiVisually
In the 17th century, Johann Rudolph Glauber produced hydrochloric acid and sodium sulfate by reacting sulfuric acid, further ... From the 16th century, researchers including Jan Baptist van Helmont, Robert Boyle, the phlogiston theory was proposed in 1667 ... chemical transformations were studied by Alchemists. They attempted, in particular, to lead into gold, for which purpose they ... These acids and bases are amino acid chains in the active site of the enzyme. A scheme for the mechanism is shown in the figure ...
  https://wikivisually.com/wiki/1%2C4-alpha-D-glucan_maltotriohydrolase
*  S)-dihydroorotate:fumarate oxidoreductase - WikiVisually
In the 17th century, Johann Rudolph Glauber produced hydrochloric acid and sodium sulfate by reacting sulfuric acid, further ... From the 16th century, researchers including Jan Baptist van Helmont, Robert Boyle, the phlogiston theory was proposed in 1667 ... Oxygen was discovered by the Polish alchemist Sendivogius, who considered it the philosophers stone. In the late 17th century, ... the other being maleic acid, in fumaric acid the carboxylic acid groups are trans and in maleic acid they are cis. Fumaric acid ...
  https://wikivisually.com/wiki/%28S%29-dihydroorotate%3Afumarate_oxidoreductase
*  BRENDA - WikiVisually
In the 17th century, Johann Rudolph Glauber produced hydrochloric acid and sodium sulfate by reacting sulfuric acid, further ... From the 16th century, researchers including Jan Baptist van Helmont, Robert Boyle, the phlogiston theory was proposed in 1667 ... chemical transformations were studied by Alchemists. They attempted, in particular, to lead into gold, for which purpose they ... Braunschweig in the 16th century, from the Civitates orbis terrarum by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg. ...
  https://wikivisually.com/wiki/BRENDA
*  24R)-cholest-5-ene-3beta,24-diol,NADPH:oxygen oxidoreductase - WikiVisually
In the 17th century, Johann Rudolph Glauber produced hydrochloric acid and sodium sulfate by reacting sulfuric acid, further ... From the 16th century, researchers including Jan Baptist van Helmont, Robert Boyle, the phlogiston theory was proposed in 1667 ... Oxygen was discovered by the Polish alchemist Sendivogius, who considered it the philosophers stone. In the late 17th century, ... In the liver, bile acids bound to FXR induce Small heterodimer partner, SHP which binds to LRH-1, in the intestine, bile acids/ ...
  https://wikivisually.com/wiki/%2824R%29-cholest-5-ene-3beta%2C24-diol%2CNADPH%3Aoxygen_oxidoreductase
*  Animal Symbolism in alchemy
Nitric acid when mixed with the acid derived from common salt, hydrochloric acid, produced aqua regia, a greenish tinged liquid ... The Rosarium Philosophorum, a key work of the mid 16th century, shows the coupling of the male and female as a central facet of ... Thus to the alchemists the dragon appeared at the beginning and at the end of the work. The alchemists paralleled these ... In some alchemical illustrations, such as that of the late 16th century Book of Lambspring, the Stag and Unicorn meet in the ...
  http://www.levity.com/alchemy/animal.html
*  Zinc - Wikipedia
The free zinc ion is a powerful Lewis acid up to the point of being corrosive. Stomach acid contains hydrochloric acid, in ... The Chinese did not learn of the technique until the 17th century. Alchemists burned zinc metal in air and collected the ... in the 16th century. The word is probably derived from the German zinke, and supposedly meant "tooth-like, pointed or jagged" ( ... Extremely pure zinc reacts only slowly at room temperature with acids. Strong acids, such as hydrochloric or sulfuric acid, can ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zinc
*  Feish Online
... while the metal was unknown to Europe until the end of the 16th century. Alchemists burned zinc in air to form what they called ... The free zinc ion is a powerful Lewis acid up to the point of being corrosive. Stomach acid contains hydrochloric acid, in ... has been used since at least the 10th century BC. Impure zinc metal was not produced in large scale until the 13th century in ... This layer helps prevent further reaction with air and water.; Zinc is a good Lewis acid, making it a useful catalytic agent in ...
  http://feish.online/compounds/compounds_description/FDB003729
*  Mercury (element): Facts, Discussion Forum, and Encyclopedia Article
... also called nitro-hydrochloric acid. The mixture is formed by freshly mixing concentrated nitric acid and hydrochloric acid, ... Developed during the 16th and 17th centuries, a thermometer is a device that measures temperature or temperature gradient using ... alchemists (causing liver failure. Liver failure. Acute liver failure is the appearance of severe complications rapidly after ... Oxidizing acid. An oxidizing acid is a Brønsted acid that is also a strong oxidizing agent . All Brønsted acids can act as ...
  http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Mercury_
*  Alchemy : Wikis (The Full Wiki)
By contrast, Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor, in the late 16th century, sponsored various alchemists in their work at his court ... sulfuric acid (sulphuric acid) • hydrochloric acid • nitric acid • acetic acid • formic acid • citric acid • tartaric acid ... By contrast, Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor, in the late 16th century, sponsored various alchemists in their work at his court ... 77 (2003) - "A 16th century lab in a 21st century lab".. *The Story of Alchemy and the Beginnings of Chemistry, Muir, M. M. ...
  http://www.thefullwiki.org/Alchemy
*  Aurous | Article about aurous by The Free Dictionary
Its place was taken by amalgamation (known as early as the first century B.C. and used in America beginning in the 16th century ... Gold dissolves in a mixture of hydrochloric and nitric acids to give chloroauric acid H[AuCl4]. In solutions of sodium cyanide ... The alchemists called gold the king of metals and designated it by the symbol for the sun . The chief object of alchemy was to ... Aqua regia (a mixture of nitric and hydrochloric acids that liberates chlorine) is so named for its ability to dissolve gold, ...
  https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/aurous