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*  LankaWeb - Homelessness and Mental Health: Psycho-social Factors Relating to Homelessness in Canada
... tuberculosis, and skin and foot problems. The incidence of active TB among homeless people in Toronto is 71 per 100 000 and ... Homelessness: Risk Factors. There are a number of risk factors associated with homelessness. A combination of economic, ... risk factor for adult homelessness. The potential long-term sequelae of child maltreatment include increased risks of the ... 2008).Rates and risk factors for homelessness after successful housing in a sample of formerly homeless veterans. Psychiatr ...
  http://www.lankaweb.com/news/items/2013/07/28/homelessness-and-mental-health-psycho-social-factors-relating-to-homelessness-in-canadaomelessness-and-mental-health-psycho-social-factors-relating-to-homelessness-in-canada/
*  Investigating the early-life determinants of illness in Africa: the Drakenstein Child Health Study | Thorax
... distribution of risk factors and weak health systems in many settings.2 Several risk factors for LRTI have been identified, but ... Strong surveillance systems have been established using healthcare workers, cell phones and active surveillance at health ... Infectious diseases including pneumonia, HIV (antenatal prevalence approximately 30%) and tuberculosis (annual reported ... Early, repeated measurement of a broad range of risk factors by a multidisciplinary team and of outcomes with the ability to ...
  http://thorax.bmj.com/content/early/2014/09/16/thoraxjnl-2014-206242
*  The epidemiology of tuberculosis in children in Australia, 2003-2012 | The Medical Journal of Australia
Risk of active tuberculosis in immigrants: effects of age, region of origin and time since arrival in a low-exposure setting. ... Case detection and prevalence of known risk factors. Data on the method of case detection were available for 79.4% (427/538) of ... Pulmonary TB was the most common diagnostic classification (64.7% of patients). The most common risk factors were close contact ... 5. National Tuberculosis Advisory Committee of Communicable Diseases. The strategic plan for control of tuberculosis in ...
  https://www.mja.com.au/journal/2015/203/11/epidemiology-tuberculosis-children-australia-2003-2012
*  Risk of active tuberculosis in immigrants: effects of age, region of origin and time since arrival in a low-exposure setting |...
18 The associated factors tested in the proportional hazards analysis were age and region of origin. Age was defined as age at ... Risk of active tuberculosis in immigrants: effects of age, region of origin and time since arrival in a low-exposure setting. ... Objective: To estimate the risk of active tuberculosis (TB) in immigrants to Victoria, Australia, as a function of time since ... 2 Cumulative risk of active tuberculosis in Victorian immigrants, by time since arrival and region of origin ...
  https://www.mja.com.au/journal/2012/197/8/risk-active-tuberculosis-immigrants-effects-age-region-origin-and-time-arrival
*  WHO EMRO | Disease and treatment-related factors associated with tuberculosis treatment default in Khartoum State, Sudan: a...
Risk factors associated with default from multi- and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis treatment, Uzbekistan: a ... Hence, Sudan has about 15% of the TB burden in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region and the second highest active TB prevalence ... Risk factors for defaulting. In the univariate analysis the following disease- and treatment-related factors were statistically ... Awofeso N. Anti-tuberculosis medication side-effects constitute major factor for poor adherence to tuberculosis treatment. Bull ...
  http://www.emro.who.int/emhj-volume-23-2017/volume-23-issue-6/disease-and-treatment-related-factors-associated-with-tuberculosis-treatment-default-in-khartoum-state-sudan-a-casecontrol-study.html
*  Prevalence of and risk factors for tuberculosis among healthcare workers in Chinese tuberculosis facilities | Springer for...
Healthcare workers (HCWs) have a high risk of contracting Mycobacterium tuberculosisinfection due to... ... Background China is one of 22 countries with a high tuberculosis (TB) burden in the world. ... The fifth national TB epidemiological survey conducted in 2010 showed that national prevalence rates of active TB, sputum smear ... Prevalence of and risk factors for tuberculosis among healthcare workers in Chinese tuberculosis facilities. ...
  https://rd.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40249-018-0407-6
*  Plus it
Biomarkers for risk of developing active tuberculosis in contacts of TB patients: a prospective cohort study. Eur Respir J 2015 ... We assessed different factors as surrogate markers of M. tuberculosis exposure. The aggregate exposure time of contacts prior ... Methylated HBHA produced in M. smegmatis discriminates between active and non-active tuberculosis disease among RD1-responders ... tuberculosis exposure, suggesting that this might identify individuals at greater risk of progression to active TB. ...
  http://erj.ersjournals.com/content/48/5/1411
*  Clinical Presentation, Aetiology, and Outcomes of Meningitis in a Setting of High HIV and TB Prevalence
Patients with HIV infection and active TB are at an increased risk of extrapulmonary tuberculosis [26]; in these patients TB ... is emerging as a major risk factor for meningitis in adults [5-7]. Studies show that tuberculous meningitis (TBM) and ... evidence of active tuberculosis at another site (e.g., the lungs); or (iii) brain CT findings suggestive of TM such as basal ... K. H. Thinyane and V. L. J. Cooper, "Causes of hospital admission among patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtm/2015/423161/
*  HIV/AIDS in Taiwan - Wikipedia
The most important risk factor for Taiwanese intravenous drug users is needle-sharing, followed by the sharing of heroin ... Clinical manifestations of tuberculosis in patients with advanced HIV-1 infection in Taiwan. J Formos Med Assoc 1996; 95: 923- ... On the positive side, the effort by the Government of the Republic of China since April, 1997, to distribute highly-active ... A risk-factor analysis of reported cases showed that the proportion of intravenous drug users infected with HIV-1 increased ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HIV/AIDS_in_Taiwan
*  Poverty and Stroke in India | Stroke
Poverty and Stroke Risk Factors in India. The risk factors underlying cardiovascular disease among more affluent urban Indian ... Interestingly, the Kolkata study sample consisted of mainly younger people (,80% were aged ,60 years) who are active in the ... Infectious diseases, like HIV, tuberculosis, and cerebral malaria, may lead to cerebrovascular diseases among the rural ... and alcohol intake were significant risk factors for hemorrhagic stroke.44 There is clearly a need to study risk factors for ...
  http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/38/11/3063
*  The On-going Challenge of Latent TB | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
2012 Risk of progression to active tuberculosis following reinfection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Clin. Infect. Dis. 54, ... 2007 Risk of tuberculosis in patients treated with tumor necrosis factor antagonists due to incomplete prevention of ... 1975 Inactive pulmonary lesions: a potent risk factor of tuberculosis. Ann. Clin. Res. 7, 331-333. ... 2008 Progression to active tuberculosis, but not transmission, varies by Mycobacterium tuberculosis lineage in The Gambia. J. ...
  http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/369/1645/20130437
*  Africa's burden of disease: the University of Cape Town Sub-Saharan Africa Centre for Chronic Disease
Many non-communicable diseases share common risk factors such as tobacco use, physical inactivity and an unhealthy diet that ... The identified and measured components of this burden are infectious diseases (tuberculosis (TB) and HIV), injuries ( ... there were 1 billion overweight adults worldwide in 2003 as a result of diets high in fat and sugar and less physically active ... Upstream factors are typically poverty, homelessness, legislation and social exclusion, while downstream factors include poor ...
  http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0256-95742010000200013&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  Localized badger culling and bTB risk | Biology Letters
Farm-scale risk factors for bovine tuberculosis incidence in cattle herds during the Randomized Badger Culling Trial. Epidemiol ... reduction in active badger hole density) and larger home ranges than in survey-only areas [6,7] and that repeated reactive ... 2006 Culling and cattle controls influence tuberculosis risk for badgers. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 103, 14 713-14 717. doi: ... 2011 Local cattle and badger populations affect the risk of confirmed tuberculosis in British cattle herds. PLoS ONE 6, e18058. ...
  http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/early/2011/06/29/rsbl.2011.0554
*  Chronic Hepatitis and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Among People With HIV | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College of Physicians
Model of care and risk factors for poor outcomes in patients on multi-drug resistant tuberculosis treatment at two facilities ... Isoniazid prevented active tuberculosis in patients with HIV treated with antiretroviral therapy Annals of Internal Medicine; ... Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is now a leading cause of death for PLWH (1). Thus, identifying NHL-specific risk factors and ... Thus, these viral infections seem to be unassociated with NHL risk in the absence of ART but associated with NHL risk similar ...
  http://annals.org/aim/article-abstract/2570237/chronic-hepatitis-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-among-people-hiv-implications-screening
*  Tuberculosis reinfection | Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences
2007 Recurrent tuberculosis and its risk factors: adequately treated patients are still at high risk. Int. J. Tuberc. Lung Dis. ... active pulmonary tuberculosis (Ii) and recovered (Ri). Latent and recovered individuals can be reinfected at a rate that is ... By noting that γ1 and γ2 are proportions, and thus γ1 + γ2 = 1, and by normalizing the average risk factor such that γ1α1 + γ2α ... 1997 The natural history of tuberculosis: the implications of age-dependent risks of disease and the role of reinfection. ...
  http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/early/2012/02/13/rspb.2011.2712
*  Plus it
Trends in cardiovascular risk factors in Greece before and during the financial crisis: the impact of social disparities. Eur J ... Comparing Greece, Finland, and Iceland, a study found no effect on the incidence of tuberculosis and HIV during the crisis, ... Further, they estimated that spending on active labour market programmes prevented 540 (50%) suicides, and high levels of ... Risk of bias assessment. Of the 41 studies we reviewed, 30 (73%) were rated as weak, showing a high risk for bias in at least ...
  http://www.bmj.com/content/354/bmj.i4588
*  Mediclinic
Risk factors. At high risk for developing active TB include: *People with HIV infection. *Because HIV weakens the immune system ... Tuberculosis, or TB, is a chronic infectious disease. caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ... progression to active disease. If you are infected and in a high-risk group, you. must take medicine to avoid developing TB ... It is important to make sure that people do not have active TB before they are given PT. If someone has active TB he or she ...
  https://www.mediclinicinfohub.co.za/tuberculosis-tb/
*  Health in Norway - Wikipedia
... of the reduction due to changes in modifiable risk factors like activity levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol. Mortality ... Tuberculosis caused many deaths in the late 1800s while leprosy rates declined. Mortality of tuberculosis was high around 1900 ... Only 30 percent of adults in Norway are fulfilling the advice to stay physical active for 150 minutes per week. In Norway today ... The prevalence of tuberculosis was 10 per 100 000 in the population and the regional average was 56 while the global average ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_in_Norway
*  Determinants of Pulmonary Tuberculosis among Inmates at Mangaung Maximum Correctional Facility in Bloemfontein, South Africa
... and clinical studies related to all aspects of tuberculosis, from the immunological basis of disease to translational and ... Tuberculosis Research and Treatment is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles, review ... risk factors and social context of active pulmonary tuberculosis among prison inmates in Tajikistan," PLoS ONE, vol. 9, no. 1, ... S. P. Mogoere, Risk Factors Associated with Tuberculosis at Mangaung Correctional Centre: Retrospective Analysis, Faculty of ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/trt/2015/752709/
*  Atypical mycobacterial tuberculosis | definition of atypical mycobacterial tuberculosis by Medical dictionary
What is atypical mycobacterial tuberculosis? Meaning of atypical mycobacterial tuberculosis medical term. What does atypical ... Looking for online definition of atypical mycobacterial tuberculosis in the Medical Dictionary? atypical mycobacterial ... Isoniazid may be given even if the PPD results are negative if there is a risk of exposure to active tuberculosis ... LIFESTYLE FACTORS. The high risk of TB in AIDS patients extends to those infected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who ...
  http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/atypical+mycobacterial+tuberculosis
*  BCG and tuberculosis | Archives of Disease in Childhood
It is recommended that where the risk of childhood TB is high, BCG should be given to infants as early as possible, even if ... Childhood diagnosis is often difficult as significant numbers of children with active disease who live in developed countries ... This may result from various possible factors: variation in study validity; use of differing BCG preparations (several ... Joint Tuberculosis Committee of the British Thoracic Society. (1994) Control and prevention of tuberculosis in the United ...
  https://adc.bmj.com/content/80/1/80
*  Population-based prevalence survey of tuberculosis in the Tigray region of Ethiopia | BMC Infectious Diseases | Full Text
This study was aimed to estimate the prevalence of bacteriologically confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in the Tigray ... Population based prevalence survey is an important epidemiological index to measure the burden of tuberculosis (TB) disease and ... 162/100 000; 95% CI: 153.60, 171.17) and among rural (222/100,000; 95% CI: 212.77-231.53) as compared to urban residents (193/ ... Gustafson P, Gomes VF, Vieira CS, et al: Tuberculosis in Bissau: incidence and risk factors in an urban community in sub- ...
  https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2334-13-448
*  The influence of different helminth infection phenotypes on immune responses against HIV in co-infected adults in South Africa.
Sexual risk factors associated with volunteering for HIV vaccine research in South Africa  Smit J.; Middelkoop K.; Myer L.; ... Association between tuberculosis and a polymorphic NFκB binding site in the interferon γ gene  Rossouw M.; Nel H.J.; Cooke G.S ... With the increasing availability of highly active antiretroviral therapy, vertically infected children have a better chance of ... Rise in rifampicin-monoresistant tuberculosis in Western Cape, South Africa  Mukinda F.K.; Theron D.; Van Der Spuy G.D.; ...
  http://scholar.sun.ac.za/handle/10019.1/18173
*  WGC2010
... has hit for a call up to arms toward determining factors momentous in directing settling on of patients at sufficient risk on ... Hydrocortisone 1'2 mg/kg/dose IV q6h; so v by 05'1 mg/kg q6h ' Rheumatic Dz: Adults generic viagra super active 25mg visa ... In the case of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, ethambutol or streptomycin is settled via intramuscular injection (Pickering, ... Generic medicines are usually as impressive as the brand-name medicine because they in the very active ingredients. These ...
  http://www.wgc2010.sk/index.php/en/messageboard/926
*  Prevalence of and risk factors for tuberculosis among healthcare workers in Chinese tuberculosis facilities | Infectious...
The fifth national TB epidemiological survey conducted in 2010 showed that national prevalence rates of active TB, sputum smear ... Prevalence of and risk factors for tuberculosis among healthcare workers in Chinese tuberculosis facilities. ... TuberculosisPrevalenceRisk factorsHealthcare workersChina. Multilingual abstract. Please see Additional file 1 for translations ... Zhang X, Jia H, Liu F, Pan L, Xing A, Gu S, Du B, Sun Q, Wei R, Zhang Z. Prevalence and risk factors for latent tuberculosis ...
  https://0-idpjournal-biomedcentral-com.brum.beds.ac.uk/articles/10.1186/s40249-018-0407-6