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*  List of enzymes - Wikipedia
EC 4.3.1 Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (EC 4.3.1.24) Category:EC 4.4.1 Cystathionine gamma-lyase Cystathionine beta-lyase ... EC 5.1.1 Amino-acid racemase: Phenylalanine racemase (ATP-hydrolysing) Serine racemase Category:EC 5.1.2 Mandelate racemase ... Aromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylase (EC 4.1.1.28) RubisCO (EC 4.1.1.39) Category:EC 4.1.2 Fructose-bisphosphate aldolase (EC ... EC 1.14.16 Phenylalanine hydroxylase EC 1.14.16.1 Category:EC 1.14.18 Tyrosinase EC 1.14.18.1 Category:EC 1.15.1 Superoxide ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_enzymes
*  Tyrosine ammonia-lyase - Wikipedia
H+ EC 4.3.1.24 (phenylalanine ammonia-lyase) EC 4.3.1.25 (phenylalanine/tyrosine ammonia-lyase) Louie, G.V.; Bowman, M.E.; ... "Discovery of a substrate selectivity switch in tyrosine ammonia-lyase, a member of the aromatic amino acid lyase family". Chem ... Tyrosine ammonia lyase (L-tyrosine ammonia-lyase, TAL or Tyrase) is an enzyme in the natural phenols biosynthesis pathway. It ... "Structural determinants and modulation of substrate specificity in phenylalanine-tyrosine ammonia-lyases". Chem. Biol. 13: 1327 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyrosine_ammonia-lyase
*  Enter 00160 : CDS information --- DoBISCUIT
26390197] The Bacterial Ammonia Lyase EncP: A Tunable Biocatalyst for the Synthesis of Unnatural Amino Acids. (J Am Chem Soc ... putative phenylalanine ammonia lyase EncP. Gene. Gene (GenBank). encP. EC number. 4.3.1.24. ... phenylalanine ammonia-lyase [putative phenylalanine ammonia lyase EncP] ... phenylalanine ammonia-lyase [putative phenylalanine ammonia lyase EncP] ...
  http://www.bio.nite.go.jp/pks/feature/view/Enter_00160
*  L-DOPA increases lignification associated with Glycine max root growth-inhibition.
The effects of L-DOPA on phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL, EC ... EC 4.3.1.24/Phenylalanine Ammonia-Lyase From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, ... Results showed the susceptibility of soybean to L-DOPA and reinforce the role of this nonprotein amino acid as a strong ... Phenylalanine Ammonia-Lyase / drug effects, metabolism. Plant Growth Regulators / pharmacology*. Plant Roots / drug effects*, ... The effects of L-DOPA on phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL, EC 4.3.1.5) and peroxidase (POD, EC 1.11.1.7) activities, and ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/L-DOPA-increases-lignification-associated/17195115.html
*  Frontiers | In silico comparison of genomic regions containing genes coding for enzymes and transcription factors for the...
... catalyzed by phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL)], hydroxylation of cinnamate into p-coumaric acid (4-coumaric acid) [catalyzed ... phenylalanine ammonia lyase (EC:4.3.1.24); C4H, cinnamate 4-hydroxylase (EC:1.14.13.11); 4CL, 4-coumarate:CoA ligase (EC:6.2. ... It starts from the aromatic amino acid phenylalanine and leads to the synthesis of a wide variety of phytochemicals including: ... 1989). Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase gene organisation and structure. Plant Mol. Biol. 12, 367-383. doi: 10.1007/BF00017577 ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2013.00317/full
*  Pathways associated with lignin biosynthesis in lignomaniac jute fibres.
... phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (EC 4.3.1.24); SAD, sinapyl alcohol dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.195) ... We found that lignin biosynthesis occurs in jute fibres via well-conserved upstream shikimate and aromatic amino acid and ... The quantitative RT-PCRs revealed that phenylalanine ammonia-lyase 1 (CcPAL1) was co-down-regulated with several genes of the ... phenylalanine ammonia-lyase) disruption in the mutant (dlpf) fibres, suggesting that PAL is not the critical entry step in the ...
  https://globalmedicaldiscovery.com/key-scientific-articles/pathways-associated-with-lignin-biosynthesis-in-lignomaniac-jute-fibres/
*  Gentaur Molecular :Biosera \ L Phenylalanine 100g \ PM-P1418/100
Phenylalanine _ 100g \ PM-P1418/100 for more molecular products just contact us ... Aromatic beta-amino acid aminotransferase) (Beta-phenylalanine aminotransferase) (VpAT). [Ava_3988] Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase ... pam] Phenylalanine aminomutase (L-beta-phenylalanine forming) (EC 5.4.3.10) (Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase) (EC 4.3.1.24). [FARS2 ... pam] Phenylalanine aminomutase (L-beta-phenylalanine forming) (EC 5.4.3.10) (Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase) (EC 4.3.1.24). [L1CAM ...
  http://www.antibody-antibodies.com/product_det.php?id=1399824&supplier=search&name=L_Phenylalanine%20_%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20100g
*  Defense mechanisms against herbivory in Picea: sequence evolution and expression regulation of gene family members in the...
oxo-pentenyl-cyclopentane ligase, PAL: phenylalanine ammonia-lyase. PCBER: phenylcoumaran benzylic ether reductase ... GAD catalyzes gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) synthesis via decarboxylation from the amino acid glutamate. The regulation of GAD ... For visual representation of the network we used Pajek 1.24 software [101]. ... such as caffeic acid, ferulic acid and 5-hydroxyferulic acid, and sinapic acid in some angiosperms as well. 4CL is part of a ...
  https://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2164-12-608
*  List of EC numbers (EC 4) - Wikipedia
... tyrosine ammonia-lyase EC 4.3.1.24: phenylalanine ammonia-lyase EC 4.3.1.25: phenylalanine/tyrosine ammonia-lyase EC 4.3.1.26: ... aromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylase EC 4.1.1.29: sulfoalanine decarboxylase EC 4.1.1.30: pantothenoylcysteine decarboxylase EC ... tyrosine ammonia-lyase), EC 4.3.1.24 (phenylalanine ammonia-lyase) and EC 4.3.1.25 (phenylalanine/tyrosine ammonia-lyase) EC ... threo-3-hydroxyaspartate ammonia-lyase EC 4.3.1.17: L-serine ammonia-lyase EC 4.3.1.18: D-serine ammonia-lyase EC 4.3.1.19: ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_EC_numbers_(EC_4)
*  Frontiers | Identification of a Potential ISR Determinant from Pseudomonas aeruginosa PM12 against Fusarium Wilt in Tomato |...
Plant tissues exhibiting ISR show increased activity of phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) that leads to resistance response in ... Amino acids like arginine, glutamine and proline levels were significantly increased to 3.04, 2.7 and 2.32-folds in case of the ... and 1.24-folds, respectively (Figure 5). Similarly plants treated with elicitor and pathogen significantly enhanced levels of ... phenolics and phenylalanine ammonia lyase in groundnut by P. fluorescens. J. Plant Dis. Prot. 107, 514-527. ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2017.00848/full
*  KEGG BRITE: KEGG Orthology (KO) - Cricetulus griseus (Chinese hamster)
00400 Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis [PATH:cge00400] 01007 Amino acid related enzymes [BR:cge01007] ... 100764163 Glul; glutamate-ammonia ligase 100689337 Glul; glutamate-ammonia ligase (glutamine synthetase) 100689232 Cad; ... 100756687 Asl; argininosuccinate lyase 100750727 Arg1; arginase 1 100760459 Arg2; arginase 2 100758127 Nos1; nitric oxide ... 1.2.1.24] K00261 GLUD1_2; glutamate dehydrogenase (NAD(P)+) [EC:1.4.1.3] K00294 E1.2.1.88; 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate ...
  http://www.genome.jp/kegg-bin/get_htext?cge00001+100774486
*  Development of bio-based fine chemical production through synthetic bioengineering | Microbial Cell Factories | Full Text
Cinnamic acid is produced from sugar by phenylalanine-ammonia lyase (PAL, EC 4.3.1.24) expressed in a solvent-tolerant ... Li HX, Cao YS: Lactic acid bacterial cell factories for gamma-aminobutyric acid. Amino Acids 2010, 39:1107-1116.View Article ... for L-amino acids was discovered by Tabata et al. through in silico screening based on its amino acids similarity with members ... ferulic acid, caffeic acid, and 4-coumaric acid. They used TAL to produce scopoletin and umbelliferone from aromatic amino ...
  https://microbialcellfactories.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12934-014-0173-5
*  List of EC numbers (EC 6) - Wikipedia
... long-chain-fatty-acid-(acyl-carrier-protein) ligase EC 6.2.1.21: Covered by EC 6.2.1.30 EC 6.2.1.22: (citrate (pro-3S)-lyase) ... 1D-myo-inositol 2-amino-2-deoxy-alpha-D-glucopyranoside ligase EC 6.3.1.14: diphthine-ammonia ligase EC 6.3.2.1: pantoate-b- ... phenylalanine-tRNA ligase EC 6.1.1.21: histidine-tRNA ligase EC 6.1.1.22: asparagine-tRNA ligase EC 6.1.1.23: aspartate-tRNAAsn ... ligase EC 6.2.1.23: dicarboxylate-CoA ligase EC 6.2.1.24: phytanate-CoA ligase EC 6.2.1.25: benzoate-CoA ligase EC 6.2.1.26: o- ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_EC_numbers_(EC_6)
*  List of EC numbers (EC 1) - Wikipedia
L-amino-acid oxidase EC 1.4.3.3: D-amino-acid oxidase EC 1.4.3.4: amine oxidase (flavin-containing) EC 1.4.3.5: pyridoxamine- ... pentalenic acid synthase EC 1.14.16.1: phenylalanine 4-monooxygenase EC 1.14.16.2: tyrosine 3-monooxygenase EC 1.14.16.3: ... EC 1.4.1.24: 3-dehydroquinate synthase II EC 1.4.2.1: glycine dehydrogenase (cytochrome) EC 1.4.3.1: D-aspartate oxidase EC 1.4 ... ammonia-forming) EC 1.7.2.3: trimethylamine-N-oxide reductase (cytochrome c) EC 1.7.2.4: nitrous-oxide reductase EC 1.7.2.5: ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_EC_numbers_(EC_1)
*  Polyphenols
phenylalanine ammonia lyase (EC 4.3.1.24);. *cinnamate 4-hydroxylase or cinnamic acid 4-hydroxylase (EC 1.14.13.11); ... This enzyme catalyzes the deamination of phenylalanine to yield trans-cinnamic acid, so linking the aromatic amino acid to the ... anthocyaninscaffeic acidferulic acidflavonoidshydroxycinnamic acid or hydroxycinnamatesp-coumaric acidpolyphenolssinapic acid. ... 3 - Phenylalanine Ammonia Lyase. Therefore, it directs the flow of carbon from the shikimic acid pathway to the different ...
  http://www.tuscany-diet.net/category/nutrition-polyphenols/
*  phenylalanine ammonia lyase
... into the aromatic amino acids phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan. Unlike plants and microorganisms, animals do not possess ... phenylalanine ammonia lyase (EC 4.3.1.24);. *cinnamate 4-hydroxylase or cinnamic acid 4-hydroxylase (EC 1.14.13.11); ... 3 - Phenylalanine Ammonia Lyase. Therefore, it directs the flow of carbon from the shikimic acid pathway to the different ... Generally, p-coumaric acid and caffeic acid are the preferred substrates, followed by ferulic acid and 5-hydroxyferulic acid, ...
  http://www.tuscany-diet.net/tag/phenylalanine-ammonia-lyase/
*  Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase - Wikipedia
EC 4.3.1.24) is an enzyme that catalyzes a reaction converting L-phenylalanine to ammonia and trans-cinnamic acid. ... PAL is also used to synthesize unnatural amino acids from various substituted cinnamic acids for research purposes. Steric ... L-tyrosine ammonia-lyase, phenylalanine ammonium-lyase, PAL, and L-phenylalanine ammonia-lyase. Phenylalanine ammonia lyase is ... phenylalanine ammonia-lyases), EC 4.3.1.25 (tyrosine ammonia-lyases), and EC 4.3.1.26 (phenylalanine/tyrosine ammonia-lyases). ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenylalanine_ammonia-lyase
*  CFS / ME: May 2008
Pyruvic acid 1.24 0-50 mmol/mcr. 2-hydroxybutyric acid 0.83 0-2 mmol/mcr. Glyceric acid 1.42 0-10 mmol/mcr. AMINOACID ... Phenylalanine 37 31-95 umol/24h. Beta Aminoisobutyric Acid 63 0-208 umol/24h. Homocystine (free) 3 0-4 umol/24h. Gamma- ... Altered plasma concentrations of ammonia and urea are found in association with decreased hepatic manganese concentration in ... Manganese-dependent enzyme families include oxido-reductases, transferases, hydrolases, lyases, isomerases and ligases. ...
  http://carlosbughunter.blogspot.com/2008/05/
*  ZfN: Search Results
The genes encode phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) and 4-coum arate: C oA ligase (4 CL), two enzymes o f general ... the total concentration o f free amino acids exceeded the values o f the older leaves. The elevated amino acid content o f the ... Plastid 5-Am inolevulinate Dehydratase (EC 4.2.1.24), Primary Structure Peculiarities, Transit Peptide, M g2+-Binding, Active ... Differential Wound Activation of Members of the Phenylalanine Ammonia-Lyase and 4-Coumarate: Co A Ligase Gene Families in ...
  http://zfn.mpdl.mpg.de/search?f1-section=ZfN%20Section%20C::Volume%20047
*  Compositions and Methods for Modeling Saccharomyces cerevisiae Metabolism - Patent application
Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis (Aromatic Amino Acids) YBR249C 4.1.2.15 ARO4 3-deoxy-D-arabino- ... lyase OAHSER + METH -, MET + AC met17_1 YLR303W 4.2.99.8 MET17 O-Acetylhomoserine (thiol)-lyase OAHSER + H2S -, AC + HCYS met17 ... YGR121C MEP1 Ammonia transport NH3xt ,-, NH3 mep1 YNL142W MEP2 Ammonia transport, low capacity high affinity NH3xt ,-, NH3 mep2 ... 2.7.1.24 DephosphoCoA kinase DPCOA + ATP -, ADP + COA dphcoaka -- 2.7.1.24 DephosphoCoA kinase DPCOAm + ATPm -, ADPm + COAm ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20100280803
*  Seedless mutant 'Wuzi Ougan' (Citrus suavissima Hort. ex Tanaka 'seedless') and the wild type were compared by iTRAQ-based...
Specifically, the involved genes include those in phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, flavonoid biosynthesis, and phenylalanine ... The enriched pathways were phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, flavonoid biosynthesis, and phenylalanine metabolism. Moreover, there ... Phenylalanine metabolism(ko00360). PAL phenylalanine ammonia-lyase [EC:4.3.1.24]. Ciclev10027912m. K10775 ... Amino acid transport and metabolism, F: Nucleotide transport and metabolism, G: Carbohydrate transport and metabolism, H: ...
  https://bmcgenet.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12863-018-0693-9
*  ENZYME: 2.-.-.
Aromatic-amino-acid transaminase 2.6.1.58 Phenylalanine(histidine) transaminase 2.6.1.59 dTDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxygalactose ... 8-amino-7-oxononanoate synthase 2.3.1.48 Histone acetyltransferase 2.3.1.49 Deacetyl-[citrate-(pro-3S)-lyase] S- ... 3-amino-2-methylpropionate transaminase 2.6.1.23 4-hydroxyglutamate transaminase 2.6.1.24 Diiodotyrosine transaminase 2.6.1.25 ... Ammonia kinase 2.7.3.9 Phosphoenolpyruvate--protein phosphotransferase 2.7.3.10 Agmatine kinase 2.7.3.11 Transferred entry: 2.7 ...
  https://enzyme.expasy.org/EC/2.-.-.-
*  Phosphite-induced changes of the transcriptome and secretome in Solanum tuberosum leading to resistance against Phytophthora...
Of the phosphite-regulated transcripts 40% also changed with β-aminobutyric acid (BABA) as an elicitor, while the defence gene ... potato lines indicated that the phosphite-mediated resistance was independent of the plant hormones salicylic and jasmonic acid ... of phosphite in planta after application and tested transgenic potato lines with impaired in salicylic and jasmonic acid ... as allene oxide synthase and 12-oxophytodienoate reductase 3 both involved in JA biosynthesis and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase ...
  https://bmcplantbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12870-014-0254-y
*  rice.txt
ORYSJ Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (EC 4.3.1.24) [ZB8] [LOC_Os02g41680] [OsJ_007359] [P0042D01.10] Os02g0628000 B9F166 LOGL2_ ... Indole-3-acetic acid-amido synthetase GH3.3) (Jasmonate-amino acid synthetase JAR1) (Protein JASMONATE RESISTANT 2) (OsJAR2) [ ... ORYSJ Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (EC 4.3.1.24) [PAL] [LOC_Os02g41630] [B1215B07.42] [OsJ_07592] [P0042D01.1] Os02g0627100 ... D-serine ammonia-lyase) (D-serine dehydratase) (L-serine ammonia-lyase) (L-serine dehydratase) [SERR] [LOC_Os04g46930] [OsJ_ ...
  http://www.uniprot.org/docs/rice
*  CHEMICAL INHIBITORS OF ETHYLENE BIOSYNTHESIS - Patent application
AT3G10340 1.85 2.17 1.94 2.63 3.63 L-phenylalanine catabolic process phenylalanine ammonia-lyase AT3G29250 5.14 4.05 5.52 20.57 ... AT2G40420 1.71 1.87 2.03 3.56 3.97 amino acid transport amino acid transporter AT4G12480 0.17 0.20 0.17 0.06 0.09 lipid ... AT5G04080 1.96 2.48 2.55 3.07 3.65 AT5G66780 0.04 0.78 0.86 1.48 1.24 AT5G05180 1.78 1.79 1.95 1.98 1.87 *Data are means of two ... lactoylglutathione lyase AT5G15530 0.39 0.54 0.38 0.43 0.42 fatty acid biosynthetic process biotin carboxyl carrier protein 2 ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20120023625