*  List of enzymes - Wikipedia
EC 4.3.1 Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (EC Category:EC 4.4.1 Cystathionine gamma-lyase Cystathionine beta-lyase ... EC 5.1.1 Amino-acid racemase: Phenylalanine racemase (ATP-hydrolysing) Serine racemase Category:EC 5.1.2 Mandelate racemase ... Aromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylase (EC RubisCO (EC Category:EC 4.1.2 Fructose-bisphosphate aldolase (EC ... EC 1.14.16 Phenylalanine hydroxylase EC Category:EC 1.14.18 Tyrosinase EC Category:EC 1.15.1 Superoxide ...
*  Tyrosine ammonia-lyase - Wikipedia
H+ EC (phenylalanine ammonia-lyase) EC (phenylalanine/tyrosine ammonia-lyase) Louie, G.V.; Bowman, M.E.; ... "Discovery of a substrate selectivity switch in tyrosine ammonia-lyase, a member of the aromatic amino acid lyase family". Chem ... Tyrosine ammonia lyase (L-tyrosine ammonia-lyase, TAL or Tyrase) is an enzyme in the natural phenols biosynthesis pathway. It ... "Structural determinants and modulation of substrate specificity in phenylalanine-tyrosine ammonia-lyases". Chem. Biol. 13: 1327 ...
*  Enter 00160 : CDS information --- DoBISCUIT
26390197] The Bacterial Ammonia Lyase EncP: A Tunable Biocatalyst for the Synthesis of Unnatural Amino Acids. (J Am Chem Soc ... putative phenylalanine ammonia lyase EncP. Gene. Gene (GenBank). encP. EC number. ... phenylalanine ammonia-lyase [putative phenylalanine ammonia lyase EncP] ... phenylalanine ammonia-lyase [putative phenylalanine ammonia lyase EncP] ...
*  L-DOPA increases lignification associated with Glycine max root growth-inhibition.
The effects of L-DOPA on phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL, EC ... EC Ammonia-Lyase From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, ... Results showed the susceptibility of soybean to L-DOPA and reinforce the role of this nonprotein amino acid as a strong ... Phenylalanine Ammonia-Lyase / drug effects, metabolism. Plant Growth Regulators / pharmacology*. Plant Roots / drug effects*, ... The effects of L-DOPA on phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL, EC and peroxidase (POD, EC activities, and ...
*  Pathways associated with lignin biosynthesis in lignomaniac jute fibres.
... phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (EC; SAD, sinapyl alcohol dehydrogenase (EC ... We found that lignin biosynthesis occurs in jute fibres via well-conserved upstream shikimate and aromatic amino acid and ... The quantitative RT-PCRs revealed that phenylalanine ammonia-lyase 1 (CcPAL1) was co-down-regulated with several genes of the ... phenylalanine ammonia-lyase) disruption in the mutant (dlpf) fibres, suggesting that PAL is not the critical entry step in the ...
*  Gentaur Molecular :Biosera \ L Phenylalanine 100g \ PM-P1418/100
Phenylalanine _ 100g \ PM-P1418/100 for more molecular products just contact us ... Aromatic beta-amino acid aminotransferase) (Beta-phenylalanine aminotransferase) (VpAT). [Ava_3988] Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase ... pam] Phenylalanine aminomutase (L-beta-phenylalanine forming) (EC (Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase) (EC [FARS2 ... pam] Phenylalanine aminomutase (L-beta-phenylalanine forming) (EC (Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase) (EC [L1CAM ...
*  List of EC numbers (EC 4) - Wikipedia
... tyrosine ammonia-lyase EC phenylalanine ammonia-lyase EC phenylalanine/tyrosine ammonia-lyase EC ... aromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylase EC sulfoalanine decarboxylase EC pantothenoylcysteine decarboxylase EC ... tyrosine ammonia-lyase), EC (phenylalanine ammonia-lyase) and EC (phenylalanine/tyrosine ammonia-lyase) EC ... threo-3-hydroxyaspartate ammonia-lyase EC L-serine ammonia-lyase EC D-serine ammonia-lyase EC ...
*  Frontiers | Identification of a Potential ISR Determinant from Pseudomonas aeruginosa PM12 against Fusarium Wilt in Tomato |...
Plant tissues exhibiting ISR show increased activity of phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) that leads to resistance response in ... Amino acids like arginine, glutamine and proline levels were significantly increased to 3.04, 2.7 and 2.32-folds in case of the ... and 1.24-folds, respectively (Figure 5). Similarly plants treated with elicitor and pathogen significantly enhanced levels of ... phenolics and phenylalanine ammonia lyase in groundnut by P. fluorescens. J. Plant Dis. Prot. 107, 514-527. ...
*  KEGG BRITE: KEGG Orthology (KO) - Cricetulus griseus (Chinese hamster)
00400 Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis [PATH:cge00400] 01007 Amino acid related enzymes [BR:cge01007] ... 100764163 Glul; glutamate-ammonia ligase 100689337 Glul; glutamate-ammonia ligase (glutamine synthetase) 100689232 Cad; ... 100756687 Asl; argininosuccinate lyase 100750727 Arg1; arginase 1 100760459 Arg2; arginase 2 100758127 Nos1; nitric oxide ...] K00261 GLUD1_2; glutamate dehydrogenase (NAD(P)+) [EC:] K00294 E1.2.1.88; 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate ...
*  Development of bio-based fine chemical production through synthetic bioengineering | Microbial Cell Factories | Full Text
Cinnamic acid is produced from sugar by phenylalanine-ammonia lyase (PAL, EC expressed in a solvent-tolerant ... Li HX, Cao YS: Lactic acid bacterial cell factories for gamma-aminobutyric acid. Amino Acids 2010, 39:1107-1116.View Article ... for L-amino acids was discovered by Tabata et al. through in silico screening based on its amino acids similarity with members ... ferulic acid, caffeic acid, and 4-coumaric acid. They used TAL to produce scopoletin and umbelliferone from aromatic amino ...
*  List of EC numbers (EC 6) - Wikipedia
... long-chain-fatty-acid-(acyl-carrier-protein) ligase EC Covered by EC EC (citrate (pro-3S)-lyase) ... 1D-myo-inositol 2-amino-2-deoxy-alpha-D-glucopyranoside ligase EC diphthine-ammonia ligase EC pantoate-b- ... phenylalanine-tRNA ligase EC histidine-tRNA ligase EC asparagine-tRNA ligase EC aspartate-tRNAAsn ... ligase EC dicarboxylate-CoA ligase EC phytanate-CoA ligase EC benzoate-CoA ligase EC o- ...
*  List of EC numbers (EC 1) - Wikipedia
L-amino-acid oxidase EC D-amino-acid oxidase EC amine oxidase (flavin-containing) EC pyridoxamine- ... pentalenic acid synthase EC phenylalanine 4-monooxygenase EC tyrosine 3-monooxygenase EC ... EC 3-dehydroquinate synthase II EC glycine dehydrogenase (cytochrome) EC D-aspartate oxidase EC 1.4 ... ammonia-forming) EC trimethylamine-N-oxide reductase (cytochrome c) EC nitrous-oxide reductase EC ...
*  CFS / ME: May 2008
Pyruvic acid 1.24 0-50 mmol/mcr. 2-hydroxybutyric acid 0.83 0-2 mmol/mcr. Glyceric acid 1.42 0-10 mmol/mcr. AMINOACID ... Phenylalanine 37 31-95 umol/24h. Beta Aminoisobutyric Acid 63 0-208 umol/24h. Homocystine (free) 3 0-4 umol/24h. Gamma- ... Altered plasma concentrations of ammonia and urea are found in association with decreased hepatic manganese concentration in ... Manganese-dependent enzyme families include oxido-reductases, transferases, hydrolases, lyases, isomerases and ligases. ...
*  Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase - Wikipedia
EC is an enzyme that catalyzes a reaction converting L-phenylalanine to ammonia and trans-cinnamic acid. ... PAL is also used to synthesize unnatural amino acids from various substituted cinnamic acids for research purposes. Steric ... L-tyrosine ammonia-lyase, phenylalanine ammonium-lyase, PAL, and L-phenylalanine ammonia-lyase. Phenylalanine ammonia lyase is ... phenylalanine ammonia-lyases), EC (tyrosine ammonia-lyases), and EC (phenylalanine/tyrosine ammonia-lyases). ...
*  Compositions and Methods for Modeling Saccharomyces cerevisiae Metabolism - Patent application
Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis (Aromatic Amino Acids) YBR249C ARO4 3-deoxy-D-arabino- ... lyase OAHSER + METH -, MET + AC met17_1 YLR303W MET17 O-Acetylhomoserine (thiol)-lyase OAHSER + H2S -, AC + HCYS met17 ... YGR121C MEP1 Ammonia transport NH3xt ,-, NH3 mep1 YNL142W MEP2 Ammonia transport, low capacity high affinity NH3xt ,-, NH3 mep2 ... DephosphoCoA kinase DPCOA + ATP -, ADP + COA dphcoaka -- DephosphoCoA kinase DPCOAm + ATPm -, ADPm + COAm ...
*  ENZYME: 2.-.-.
Aromatic-amino-acid transaminase Phenylalanine(histidine) transaminase dTDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxygalactose ... 8-amino-7-oxononanoate synthase Histone acetyltransferase Deacetyl-[citrate-(pro-3S)-lyase] S- ... 3-amino-2-methylpropionate transaminase 4-hydroxyglutamate transaminase Diiodotyrosine transaminase ... Ammonia kinase Phosphoenolpyruvate--protein phosphotransferase Agmatine kinase Transferred entry: 2.7 ...
*  rice.txt
ORYSJ Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (EC [ZB8] [LOC_Os02g41680] [OsJ_007359] [P0042D01.10] Os02g0628000 B9F166 LOGL2_ ... Indole-3-acetic acid-amido synthetase GH3.3) (Jasmonate-amino acid synthetase JAR1) (Protein JASMONATE RESISTANT 2) (OsJAR2) [ ... ORYSJ Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (EC [PAL] [LOC_Os02g41630] [B1215B07.42] [OsJ_07592] [P0042D01.1] Os02g0627100 ... D-serine ammonia-lyase) (D-serine dehydratase) (L-serine ammonia-lyase) (L-serine dehydratase) [SERR] [LOC_Os04g46930] [OsJ_ ...
AT3G10340 1.85 2.17 1.94 2.63 3.63 L-phenylalanine catabolic process phenylalanine ammonia-lyase AT3G29250 5.14 4.05 5.52 20.57 ... AT2G40420 1.71 1.87 2.03 3.56 3.97 amino acid transport amino acid transporter AT4G12480 0.17 0.20 0.17 0.06 0.09 lipid ... AT5G04080 1.96 2.48 2.55 3.07 3.65 AT5G66780 0.04 0.78 0.86 1.48 1.24 AT5G05180 1.78 1.79 1.95 1.98 1.87 *Data are means of two ... lactoylglutathione lyase AT5G15530 0.39 0.54 0.38 0.43 0.42 fatty acid biosynthetic process biotin carboxyl carrier protein 2 ...
*  List of EC numbers (EC 2) - Wikipedia
... aromatic-amino-acid transaminase EC phenylalanine(histidine) transaminase EC dTDP-4-amino-4,6- ... 8-amino-7-oxononanoate synthase EC histone acetyltransferase EC deacetyl-(citrate-(pro-3S)-lyase) S- ... 3-amino-2-methylpropionate transaminase EC 4-hydroxyglutamate transaminase EC diiodotyrosine transaminase ... ammonia kinase EC Phosphoenolpyruvate-protein phosphotransferase EC agmatine kinase EC now EC 2.7. ...
*  Aspartate ammonia-lyase | definition of aspartate ammonia-lyase by Medical dictionary
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*  Manganese (Mn 2+ )-Dependent Storage Stabilization of Rhodotorula glutinis Phenylalanine Ammonia-lyase Activity
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*  Biochemical studies of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase encapsulated in erythrocytes | Biochemical Society Transactions
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*  Identification of UV/blue light-response elements in the Arabidopsis thaliana chalcone synthase promoter using a homologous...
To identify DNA sequences of the Arabidopsis thaliana chalcone synthase gene (CHS) concerned with induction by UV-B and UV-A/blue light, AtCHS promoter constructions were assayed by transient expression in protoplasts prepared from two different lines of cultured A. thaliana cells. The protoplasts responded similarly to A. thaliana leaf tissue in light-dependent CHS transcript accumulation. The reporter enzyme beta-glucuronidase (GUS) was used to monitor light-responsive promoter activity. A 1972 bp promoter conferred UV-B and UV-A/blue light induction of GUS activity. Deletion to 164 bp resulted in reduced promoter strength but retention of responsiveness to UV-B and UV-A/blue light. Further deletion abolished transcriptional activity. The 164 bp promoter contains sequences closely resembling LRUPcCHS, (light-responsive unit of the Petroselinum crispum CHS promoter). This A. thaliana CHS promoter region, designated LRUAtCHS, was sufficient to confer UV-B and UV-A/blue light responsiveness to a ...
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*  IJMS | Free Full-Text | Early Phenylpropanoid Biosynthetic Steps in Cannabis sativa: Link between Genes and Metabolites | Notes
Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), Cinnamic acid 4-hydroxylase (C4H) and 4-Coumarate: CoA ligase (4CL) catalyze the first three steps of the general phenylpropanoid pathway whereas chalcone synthase (CHS) catalyzes the first specific step towards flavonoids production. This class of specialized metabolites has a wide range of biological functions in plant development and defence and a broad spectrum of therapeutic activities for human health. In this study, we report the isolation of hemp PAL and 4CL cDNA and genomic clones. Through in silico analysis of their deduced amino acid sequences, more than an 80% identity with homologues genes of other plants was shown and phylogenetic relationships were highlighted. Quantitative expression analysis of the four above mentioned genes, PAL and 4CL enzymatic activities, lignin content and NMR metabolite fingerprinting in different Cannabis sativa ...
*  Plus it
Hollow fiber enzyme-reactors with immobilized phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) were developed for the in vivo depletion of phenylalanine (Phe) in circulating blood. A series of experiments was conducted with a large animal model in order to explore its safety for clinical use. The level of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets did not change during a 2-hr application of the reactors in anesthetized, heparinized dogs and monkeys with experimental hyperphenylalaninemia. No increase in blood urea nitrogen was observed due to generation of ammonia from PAL-catalyzed Phe breakdown. The other metabolic product, trans-cinnamic acid, was reported to be nontoxic. Repeated application of the PAL-reactors to the same animals did not produce untoward physiological or immunological reactions. These data suggest that PAL-reactors may be safe ...
*  Metabolites | Free Full-Text | New Strategies for the Treatment of Phenylketonuria (PKU)
Phenylketonuria (PKU) was the first inherited metabolic disease in which dietary treatment was found to prevent the disease's clinical features. Treatment of phenylketonuria remains difficult due to progressive decrease in adherence to diet and the presence of neurocognitive defects despite therapy. This review aims to summarize the current literature on new treatment strategies. Additions to treatment include new, more palatable foods based on glycomacropeptide that contains very limited amount of aromatic amino acids, the administration of large neutral amino acids to prevent phenylalanine entry into the brain or tetrahydropterina cofactor capable of increasing residual activity of phenylalanine hydroxylase. Moreover, human trials have recently been performed with subcutaneous administration of phenylalanine ...
*  Number 10, October
American Phytopathological Society Board & Staff. VIEW ABSTRACT , VIEW ARTICLE The Relationship Between Glycoalkaloids and Disease Resistance in Potatoes. J. A. Frank, J. M. Wilson, and R. E. Webb. Pages 1045-1049. VIEW ABSTRACT , VIEW ARTICLE Levels of Chlorogenic Acid in Tobacco Cultivars, Healthy and Infected with Thielaviopsis basicola. S. K. Gayed, Nestor Rosa. Pages 1049-1053. VIEW ABSTRACT , VIEW ARTICLE On Exclusion as the Mechanism of Ozone Resistance in Virus-Infected Plants. Eileen Brennan. Pages 1054-1055. VIEW ABSTRACT , VIEW ARTICLE Attempts to Use Satellite Data to Detect Vegetative Damage and Alteration Caused by Air and Soil Pollutants. E. L. Fritz, S. P. Pennypacker. Pages 1056-1060. VIEW ABSTRACT , VIEW ARTICLE , VIEW ERRATUM Types of Germination and Differentiation of Vesicles by Basidiospores of Cronartium ribicola. Everett M. Hansen, Robert F. Patton. Pages 1061-1071. VIEW ABSTRACT , VIEW ARTICLE Phenylalanine ...
*  Efeito de produtos químicos sobre a mancha bacteriana (Xanthomonas perforans) e na ativação de proteínas relacionadas à...
TERUMI ITAKO, Adriana et al. Effect of chemicals on the bacterial spot (Xanthomonas perforans) and the activation of pathogenesis-related proteins in tomato. Idesia [online]. 2012, vol.30, n.2, pp.85-92. ISSN 0718-3429. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-34292012000200011.. The present study aims to evaluate the effect of fungicides and antibiotics to control bacterial spot (Xanthomonas perforans) in tomato, and the activation of pathogenesis-related proteins. Hybrid tomato AP 529 was used to assess the severity of disease. The treatments consisted of spraying with acibenzolar-S-methyl, fluazinam, pyraclostrobin, pyraclostrobin + methiran, copper oxychloride, copper oxychloride and mancozeb + oxytetracycline, and inoculated and non-inoculated controls. After three days of treatment, all plants were inoculated with X. perforans (106 CFU / mL). Leaf discs were collected for assessment of peroxidase, polyphenol oxidase, β-1,3 glucanase, phenylalanine ammonia ...
*  BioMarin Initiates Phase 3 Trial for PEG-PAL for the Treatment of PKU Nasdaq:BMRN
SAN RAFAEL, Calif., June 5, 2013 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- BioMarin Pharmaceutical Inc. (Nasdaq:BMRN) announced today that it has initiated the Phase 3 program for PEG-PAL (PEGylated recombinant Phenylalanine Ammonia Lyase) for the treatment of phenylketonuria (PKU).
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*  Research | Albright College
Phenylpropanoid biosynthesis is an important component of plant secondary metabolism that has been extremely well characterized at the genetic, biochemical, and molecular levels. Research interest has been spurred by the importance of the endproducts in such diverse functions as flower pigmentation, UV protection, signaling (including regulation of auxin transport), male fertility, and defense against pathogens as well as their anti-oxidant and anti-cancer properties in humans. The pathway also offers a highly tractable genetic system that is characterized by easily-identifiable (i.e., flower, seed, or leaf color), non-lethal mutations that factored into Mendel's elucidation of heritable traits, McClintock's work on transposable elements, and the discovery of cosuppression. Extensive molecular, biochemical, and physiological characterization of this pathway and its many branches make it an ideal system in which to begin to address fundamental questions about Arabidopsis systems biology.. We are ...
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