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*  An Aerial-Hawking Bat Uses Stealth Echolocation to Counter Moth Hearing | BioAcoustica: Wildlife Sounds Database
Ears evolved in many nocturnal insects, including some moths, to detect bat echolocation calls and evade capture [1, 2]. Although there is evidence that some bats emit echolocation calls that are inconspicuous to eared moths, it is difficult to determine whether this was an adaptation to moth hearing or originally evolved for a different purpose [2, 3]. Aerial-hawking bats generally emit high-amplitude echolocation calls to maximize detection range [4, 5]. Here we present the first example of an echolocation counterstrategy to overcome prey hearing at the cost of reduced detection distance. We combined comparative bat flight-path tracking and moth neurophysiology with fecal DNA analysis to show that the barbastelle, Barbastella barbastellus, emits calls that are 10 to 100 times lower in amplitude than those of other aerial-hawking bats, remains undetected by moths until close, and captures mainly eared moths. Model calculations demonstrate that only bats emitting such low-amplitude calls hear ...
  http://bio.acousti.ca/de/node/48152
*  SIGNAL PROCESSING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PHONOCARDIOGRAM SIGNAL - Patent application
Thus, the heart sound may be separated into its components because the complete heart sound is produced by several sound ... The heart valves produce the most perceptible sounds. Another source of heart sounds is turbulent flow of blood which produces ... An example for automatic analysis of heart sounds is presented in the article "Heart sound segmentation algorithm based on ... During each iteration a similarity measure between the captioned heart sounds and those heart sounds associated with the given ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20120289849
*  From auscultation to phonocardiography - Aldo Augusto Luisada - Google Books
... ejection sound filter Fishleder fourth sound frequency gallop group of vibrations heard and recorded heart disease heart sounds ... rheumatic right heart right ventricle right ventricular second sound Shah systolic murmur third left interspace third sound ... sound will find this book a valuable addition to their. reference libraries. It will be of particular interest to those. ... sound are examined and new concepts formulated where. experimental data makes this necessary. Some of the. author's views on ...
  https://books.google.com/books?id=7AtsAAAAMAAJ&q=Zalter&dq=related:ISBN039803107X&source=gbs_word_cloud_r&cad=4
*  Heart Sound Challenge: Cardiac Auscultation Training iPhone Application Teaches How to Identify Eight Basic Heart Sounds - 5090...
Heart Sounds Challenge (an interactive game in which learners are asked to match the name of a heart sound with the sound) ... Heart Sounds Challenge (an interactive game in which learners are asked to match the name of a heart sound with the sound) ... Heart Sound Challenge in the iTunes App Store. Heart Sound Challenge Support Information. Heart Sound Challenge Quiz - Test ... Heart Sound Comparisons (a tool that allows learners to compare the heart sounds and diagrams with one another). This program ...
  http://inventions.umich.edu/technologies/5090_heart-sound-challenge-cardiac-auscultation-training-iphone-application-teaches-how-to-identify-eight-basic-heart-sounds
*  Patent US8211033 - Third heart sound activity index for heart failure monitoring - Google Patents
A heart sound processing system trends the S3 index on a periodic basis to allow continuous monitoring of the S3 activity level ... An implantable sensor such as an accelerometer or a microphone senses an acoustic signal indicative heart sounds including S3. ... A cardiac rhythm management system provides for the trending of a third heart sound (S3) index. The S3 index is a ratio, or an ... Known and studied heart sounds include the "first heart sound" or S1, the "second heart sound" or S2, the "third heart sound" ...
  http://www.google.ca/patents/US8211033
*  Temporal Relation of the First Heart Sound to Closure of the Mitral Valve | Circulation
Temporal Relation of the First Heart Sound to Closure of the Mitral Valve. SHLOMO LANIADO, EDWARD L. YELLIN, HYMAN MILLER, ... The objective of this study is to describe the mechanism of production of the first heart sound (S1). The temporal relation ... The first major component of the first sound coincided with two simultaneous events: cessation of mitral flow and closure of ... Temporal Relation of the First Heart Sound to Closure of the Mitral Valve ...
  http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/47/5/1006
*  Applied Sciences | Free Full-Text | Discrimination of Aortic and Pulmonary Components from the Second Heart Sound Using...
Analysis on the changes of the second heart sound waveform in respiration shows that the aortic component has little variation ... It is found that the aortic component could be simply extracted by averaging the second heart sounds over respiratory phase, ... To validate the measurement, the method is applied to simulated second heart sounds with known varying splits. The simulation ... The second heart sound consists of aortic and pulmonary components. ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/2076-3417/7/7/690
*  Patent US6643548 - Implantable cardiac stimulation device for monitoring heart sounds to detect ... - Google Patents
... time intervals between selected heart sounds, and time intervals between selected heart sound and selected electrogram features ... During a monitoring period, a sensing circuit produces an electrogram signal of the patient's heart and a sound sensor produces ... A processor determines a predetermined characteristic of the heart sounds, such as amplitude, ... sensing emitted sounds of the patient's heart to provide a heart sound signal including at least one of a first heart sound, S1 ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US6643548?dq=7,321,221
*  Heart Sound Recorder
... Cordell E Logan, ND. In 1937 Dr. Royal Lee developed a heart sound recorder. A new ... Getting a Heart Sound Recorder analysis can prevent and aid in correcting problems. Once a problem is known, it can be ... rt status using the new Heart Sound Recorder is fairly easy to do. The readings from the four heart valves are recorded on a ... Often it is proper nutrition that can correct heart abnormalities as seen from the Heart Sound Recorder. We have heard about ...
  http://agclinic.com/heart-sound-recorder/
*  Heart Sounds - AMA Manual of Style
Sound names may be written out in full when discussed generically.Third heart sounds are suggestive of congestive heart failure ... S2 second heart sound A2 aortic valve component P2 pulmonic valve component S3 third heart sound S4 fourth heart sound Examples ... numerical subscripts are used.S1 first heart sound M1 mitral valve component T1 tricuspid valve component ... The 4 heart sounds and 4 components are commonly abbreviated in discussions of cardiac auscultatory findings; ...
  http://www.amamanualofstyle.com/view/10.1093/jama/9780195176339.001.0001/med-9780195176339-div2-388?rskey=YfuAkx&result=8&q=
*  Patent US7662104 - Method for correction of posture dependence on heart sounds - Google Patents
... a heart sound sensor interface circuit coupled to the heart sound sensor to produce a heart sound signal, an implantable ... The controller circuit is operable to measure at least one heart sound in correspondence with at least one sensed patient ... The system comprises an implantable heart sound sensor operable to produce an electrical signal representative of at least one ... coupled to the heart sound sensor interface circuit and the posture circuit. ...
  http://www.google.com.au/patents/US7662104
*  Re: Explain heart sounds.
Explain heart sounds.. Aakanksha Explain heart sounds.2011-08-30T10:52:15+00:00 ... The second heart sound dub is associated with the closure of the semilunar valves at the beginning of diastole. These sounds ... In a healthy individual, there are two normal heart sounds called lub and dub. Lub is the first heart sound. It is associated ... Heart sounds are noises generated by the closing and opening of the heart valves. ...
  http://www.assignmenthelp.net/forum/topic/explain-heart-sounds/
*  Logistic Regression-HSMM-based Heart Sound Segmentation
Other physiological sounds of interest, such as murmurs, clicks, splitting of the heart sounds and additional S3 and S4 sounds ... heart sounds in a heart sound recording or phonocardiogram (PCG). These sounds originate at the beginning of mechanical systole ... Heart sound segmentation is an essential step in the automatic analysis of heart sound recordings, as it allows the analysis of ... Tilkian, A.G. and Conover, M.B., Understanding heart sounds and murmurs: with an introduction to lung sounds. Elsevier Health ...
  http://physionet.incor.usp.br/physiotools/hss/?C=M
*  Embodied music cognition - Wikipedia
2010): Musical gestures : sound, movement, and meaning, New York: Routledge. Leman, Marc (2007): Embodied Music Cognition and ... The scientific apparatus draws upon an empirical and evidence-based methodology, which is based on measurement of sound (via ... containing musical sound and other types of energy that affords human action). Given the impact of body movement on musical ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Embodied_music_cognition
*  Bynum hurts left knee from bowling - Philly
It is true. Andrew Bynum suffered swelling in his left knee from bowling a week ago Saturday. - Bob Cooney, Philadelphia Daily News
  http://www.philly.com/philly/sports/sixers/Bynum-hurts-left-knee-from-bowling.html
*  sound - drtrippy
"More than colours and forms, it is sounds and their arrangements that fashion societies. With noise is born disorder and its ... Organisational researchers should perhaps give an ear to the sound of organisational practice, and enter the realm of the ... opposite: the world In noise can be read the codes of life, the relations among men… Any music, any organisation of sounds is ...
  https://sites.google.com/site/drtrippy/sound
*  Sound barrier - Wikipedia
1.6 Breaking the sound barrier in a land vehicle. *1.7 Breaking the sound barrier as a human projectile *1.7.1 Felix ... See "Speed of sound" for the science behind the velocity called the sound barrier, and "Sonic boom" for information on the ... Breaking the sound barrier as a human projectile[edit]. Felix Baumgartner[edit]. In October 2012 Felix Baumgartner, with a team ... The Quest for Mach One: A First-Person Account of Breaking the Sound Barrier. New York: Penguin Studio, 1997. ISBN 0-670-87460- ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sound_barrier
*  Sound localization - Wikipedia
Sound localization by the human auditory system[edit]. Sound localization is the process of determining the location of a sound ... After a sound onset there is a short time frame where the direct sound reaches the ears, but not yet the reflected sound. The ... Therefore, a distant sound source sounds more muffled than a close one, because the high frequencies are attenuated. For sound ... In enclosed rooms not only the direct sound from a sound source is arriving at the listener's ears, but also sound which has ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sound_localization
*  Bark (sound) - Wikipedia
Short, low-pitched sound.. Turid Rugaas classifies barks thus in her book Barking: The Sound of a language.[10] This is brief ... A bark is a sound most commonly produced by dogs. Other animals that make this noise include wolves, coyotes, seals, foxes and ... Harsh, short sound. Low-pitched, with an extremely short, sharp rise.. Associated with more harsh play-fighting seen often in ... In her book Barking: The Sound of a Language,[10] Turid Rugaas explains that barking is a way a dog communicates. She suggests ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bark_
*  sound(4)
... sound, pcm, snd). It will be resolved soon by renaming device sound to device snd, and doing associated changes. The sound ... SOUND(4) FreeBSD Kernel Interfaces Manual SOUND(4) NAME sound, pcm, snd -- FreeBSD PCM audio device infrastructure SYNOPSIS To ... sound cards. If the sound card is supported by a bridge driver, the sound driver works in conjunction with the bridge driver. ... hw.snd.default_unit Default sound card for systems with multiple sound cards. When using devfs(5), the default device for /dev/ ...
  https://www.freebsd.org/cgi/man.cgi?query=sound&sektion=4&apropos=0&manpath=FreeBSD+7.2-RELEASE
*  Sound Brain Science
... in the auditory literature that have suggested musical training can improve the neural processing and perception of sound. ...
  https://sites.google.com/umn.edu/soundbrainscience
*  Sound - Wikipedia
Sound sources Earphones Musical instrument Sonar Sound box Sound reproduction Sound measurement Acoustic impedance Acoustic ... Particle displacement Particle velocity Phon Sone Sound energy flux Sound impedance Sound intensity level Sound power Sound ... Sound can also be viewed as an excitation of the hearing mechanism that results in the perception of sound. In this case, sound ... Sound waves may be "viewed" using parabolic mirrors and objects that produce sound. The energy carried by an oscillating sound ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sound
*  Ministry of Sound - Wikipedia
"Ministry of Sound opens central London gym". Retrieved 2017-04-03.. *^ "Ben Bodie hired to head up new Ministry Of Sound ... Ministry of Sound Australia. References[edit]. *^ a b c d "James Palumbo I'm going to fight for my right to party". Evening ... Ministry of Sound Radio was an online only service broadcasting 24-hours a day from Ministry of Sound's offices adjacent to the ... In 2016, Ministry of Sound partnered with Dolby Laboratories to bring surround sound Dolby Atmos to the nightclub, a first in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ministry_of_Sound
*  Sound from ultrasound - Wikipedia
Sound from ultrasound is the name given here to the generation of audible sound from modulated ultrasound without using an ... Wikileaks has published technical specifications of such sound weapons.[3]. Commercial advertising[edit]. A sound signal can be ... In commercial applications, it can target sound to a single person without the peripheral sound and related noise of a ... "hypersonic sound".[11] ATC (now named LRAD Corporation) spun off the technology to Parametric Sound Corporation in September ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sound_from_ultrasound
*  Speech Sound Disorders
Children and adults can have trouble saying sounds clearly. It may be hard to understand what they say. Speech-language ... Your child may have trouble making sounds. He may substitute another sound, leave sounds out, add sounds, or change the sound. ... About Speech Sound Disorders. Children will say some sounds the wrong way as they learn to talk. They learn some sounds earlier ... Speech Sound Disorders. Children and adults can have trouble saying sounds clearly. It may be hard to understand what they say ...
  https://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/Speech-Sound-Disorders/