*  Neuronal Programmed Cell Death-1 Ligand Expression Regulates Retinal Ganglion Cell Number in Neonatal and Adult Mice | IOVS |...
Keywords: retinal development • ganglion cells • retina: proximal (bipolar, amacrine, and ganglion cells) ... Neuronal Programmed Cell Death-1 Ligand Expression Regulates Retinal Ganglion Cell Number in Neonatal and Adult Mice ... Neuronal Programmed Cell Death-1 Ligand Expression Regulates Retinal Ganglion Cell Number in Neonatal and Adult Mice ... Neuronal Programmed Cell Death-1 Ligand Expression Regulates Retinal Ganglion Cell Number in Neonatal and Adult Mice. Invest. ...
  http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2355921
*  Autophagy promotes survival of retinal ganglion cells after optic nerve axotomy in mice
... or with specific deletion of Atg5 in retinal ganglion cells, using the Atg5flox/flox mice reduces cell survival after ONT, ... Retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) are the sole projecting neurons of the retina and their axons form the optic nerve. Here, we show ... It induces retinal ganglion cell death, a process also occurring in glaucoma and other optic neuropathies. We analyzed ... Autophagy promotes survival of retinal ganglion cells after optic nerve axotomy in mice. Natalia Rodríguez-Muela, Francisco ...
  http://www.sebbm.es/web/en/science-for-society/article-of-the-month/689-autophagy-promotes-survival-of-retinal-ganglion-cells-after-optic-nerve-axotomy-in-mice
*  Development of a Mini-qPCR Array for Mouse Retinal Ganglion Cells using MIQE Guidelines | IOVS | ARVO Journals
Purpose: : Changes in retinal ganglion cell (RGC) gene expression are important metrics to evaluate the response of these cells ... Development of a Mini-qPCR Array for Mouse Retinal Ganglion Cells using MIQE Guidelines ... Development of a Mini-qPCR Array for Mouse Retinal Ganglion Cells using MIQE Guidelines ... Development of a Mini-qPCR Array for Mouse Retinal Ganglion Cells using MIQE Guidelines. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53( ...
  http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2355831
*  Intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells are resistant to N-methyl-D-aspartic acid excitotoxicity - Zurich Open...
DeParis, S W; Caprara, C; Grimm, C (2012). Intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells are resistant to N-methyl-D- ... Intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells are resistant to N-methyl-D-aspartic acid excitotoxicity ...
  http://www.zora.uzh.ch/id/eprint/68389/
*  Marine Drugs | Free Full-Text | Astaxanthin Attenuates the Apoptosis of Retinal Ganglion Cells in db/db Mice by Inhibition of...
In addition, astaxanthin attenuated hydrogen peroxide(H2O2)-induced apoptosis in the transformed rat retinal ganglion cell line ... activity in the retinal tissue of db/db mouse. ... is a common diabetic eye disease caused by changes in retinal ... ganglion cells (RGCs). It is an ocular manifestation of systemic disease, which affects up to 80% of all patients who have had ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1660-3397/11/3/960/notes
*  Development of Directional Selectivity of Mouse Retinal Ganglion Cells | IOVS | ARVO Journals
Keywords: retina: proximal (bipolar, amacrine, and ganglion cells) • retinal connections, networks, circuitry • retinal ... Development of Directional Selectivity of Mouse Retinal Ganglion Cells You will receive an email whenever this article is ... H. Chen, N. Tian; Development of Directional Selectivity of Mouse Retinal Ganglion Cells . Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2006; ... of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), and the roles of visual stimulation in the maturation of DS. ...
  http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2392940
*  Guiding Cultured RPE Cells to Differentiate Into Retinal Ganglion Cells: The Effect of Cath5 and Its Synergism With bFGF |...
Guiding Cultured RPE Cells to Differentiate Into Retinal Ganglion Cells: The Effect of Cath5 and Its Synergism With bFGF ... Guiding Cultured RPE Cells to Differentiate Into Retinal Ganglion Cells: The Effect of Cath5 and Its Synergism With bFGF ... W Ma, R-T Yan, S-Z Wang; Guiding Cultured RPE Cells to Differentiate Into Retinal Ganglion Cells: The Effect of Cath5 and Its ... Abstract: : Purpose: To examine whether cultured RPE cells can be coaxed to differentiate towards retinal ganglion cells using ...
  http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2421142
*  Sectorial Loss Of Retinal Ganglion Cells In The RCS Rat | IOVS | ARVO Journals
Sectorial Loss Of Retinal Ganglion Cells In The RCS Rat Diego Garcia-Ayuso; Manuel Salinas-Navarro; Marta Agudo-Barriuso; ... Sectorial Loss Of Retinal Ganglion Cells In The RCS Rat You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected, updated, ... Purpose: : To investigate whether the sectorial loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGC) observed in previous studies of our ... Sectorial Loss Of Retinal Ganglion Cells In The RCS Rat. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(14):3487. ...
  http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2355461
*  How D-Serine Regulation Controls NMDA Receptors in Retinal Ganglion Cells | IOVS | ARVO Journals
How D-Serine Regulation Controls NMDA Receptors in Retinal Ganglion Cells R. F. Miller; E. C. Gustafson; E. R. Stevens; S. J. ... were studied through whole-cell recordings from retinal ganglion cells. Both the extracellular bathing environment and tissue ... How D-Serine Regulation Controls NMDA Receptors in Retinal Ganglion Cells You will receive an email whenever this article is ... How D-Serine Regulation Controls NMDA Receptors in Retinal Ganglion Cells. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2009;50(13):1411. ...
  http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2363837
*  The autoregulation of retinal ganglion cell number | Development
Interestingly, the application of exogenous NGF reversed the effects of ganglion cell ablation on ganglion cell death. Because ... both by inhibiting the generation of new ganglion cells and by killing incoming migratory ganglion cells. Selective ... We show that in the chick embryo, stratified retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) are themselves responsible for providing the signals ... which eventually led to the repopulation of the ganglion cell layer and a large decrease in the physiological cell death ...
  http://dev.biologists.org/content/128/1/117
*  Brn3a as a Marker of Retinal Ganglion Cells: Qualitative and Quantitative Time Course Studies in Naïve and Optic Nerve-Injured...
Mechanism of retinal ganglion cell loss in inherited retinal dystrophy. Neuroreport. 1996;7:1995-1999. [CrossRef] [PubMed] ... Retinal ganglion cell death after acute retinal ischemia is an ongoing process whose severity and duration depends on the ... Color opponent retinal ganglion cells in the tammar wallaby retina. Relationship Between Optic Nerve Appearance and Retinal ... Retinal ganglion cell death induced by retinal ischemia: neuroprotective effects of two alpha-2 agonists. Surv Ophthalmol. 2001 ...
  http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2186188
*  Protection of Mouse Retinal Ganglion Cell Axons and Soma from Glaucomatous and Ischemic Injury by Cytoplasmic Overexpression of...
Retinal ganglion cell degeneration is topological but not cell type specific in DBA/2J mice. J Cell Biol . 2005; 171: 313-325. ... TRPC6 Channel Protects Retinal Ganglion Cells in a Rat Model of Retinal Ischemia/Reperfusion-Induced Cell Death ... Howell GR Libby RT Jakobs TC Axons of retinal ganglion cells are insulted in the optic nerve early in DBA/2J glaucoma. J Cell ... Purpose.: The Wlds mutation affords protection of retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axons in retinal ischemia and in inducible and ...
  http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2188669
*  Homocysteine-Mediated Modulation of Mitochondrial Dynamics in Retinal Ganglion Cells | IOVS | ARVO Journals
To examine retinal ganglion cell mitochondria, we analyzed the nerve fiber layer (composed of retinal ganglion cell axons); 10 ... Basement Membrane-Dependent Survival of Retinal Ganglion Cells. Response of retinal ganglion cell axons to lesions in the adult ... Retinal Cell Biology , July 2011. Homocysteine-Mediated Modulation of Mitochondrial Dynamics in Retinal Ganglion Cells ... decrease in the number of cells in the retinal ganglion cell layer, 10 we focused our study on mitochondria within retinal ...
  http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2188003
*  Determining the contribution of specific retinal circuits to mouse retinal ganglion cell space-time tuning | IOVS | ARVO...
Determining the contribution of specific retinal circuits to mouse retinal ganglion cell space-time tuning ... Determining the contribution of specific retinal circuits to mouse retinal ganglion cell space-time tuning ... Determining the contribution of specific retinal circuits to mouse retinal ganglion cell space-time tuning. Invest. Ophthalmol ... Purpose : Previously we demonstrated that the mouse retinal ganglion cell (GC) space-time receptive field can be separated into ...
  http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2561793
*  Retinal ganglion cell - Wikipedia
The six types of retinal neurons are bipolar cells, ganglion cells, horizontal cells, retina amacrine cells, and rod and cone ... Retinal ganglion cells spontaneously fire action potentials at a base rate while at rest. Excitation of retinal ganglion cells ... there are at least five main classes of retinal ganglion cells: Midget cell (Parvocellular, or P pathway; P cells) Parasol cell ... A retinal ganglion cell (RGC) is a type of neuron located near the inner surface (the ganglion cell layer) of the retina of the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retinal_ganglion_cell
*  Intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells - Wikipedia
Intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs), also called photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (pRGC), or ... Recent research has shown that these retinal ganglion cells, unlike other retinal ganglion cells, are intrinsically ... a new role was found for the photoreceptive ganglion cell. Zaidi and colleagues showed that in humans the retinal ganglion cell ... "Parallel inhibition of dopamine amacrine cells and intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells in a non-image-forming ...
  https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photosensitive_ganglion_cell
*  Retinal ganglion cells - Biology-Online Dictionary
retinal ganglion cells cells of the innermost nuclear layer of the retina, the ganglion cell layer, which project axons through ... Retrieved from "https://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/index.php?title=Retinal_ganglion_cells&oldid=61765" ...
  https://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/Retinal_ganglion_cells
*  Imaging Technique Visualizes Individual Retinal Ganglion Cells | BioScan | Apr 2017 | BioPhotonics
Imaging Technique Visualizes Individual Retinal Ganglion Cells. BioPhotonics. Apr 2017 ROCHESTER, N.Y. - A new imaging ... Through experimentation, the researchers were able to distinguish individual retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), which bear most of ... While RGCs were the main focus of the investigations, they are just one type of cell that can be imaged using this new ... "Not only RGCs, but potentially other translucent cell classes and cellular structures." More studies will be needed to improve ...
  https://www.photonics.com/a61523/Imaging_Technique_Visualizes_Individual_Retinal
*  Processing of Natural Temporal Stimuli by Macaque Retinal Ganglion Cells | Journal of Neuroscience
Models for retinal ganglion cells.A, Model for the MC cells.I i is the retinal illuminance; LP1 is a low-pass filter consisting ... Models of retinal ganglion cells. We first developed models for all ganglion cell types from which we recorded. The model for ... Below 2-3 Hz, PC cell signals contained more power than those of MC cells. Response variation between individual ganglion cells ... M off-center PC cell, Gon for the +M-L on-center PC cell, Goff for the −M+L off-center PC cell, and Bon for the +S-ML cell. For ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/22/22/9945
*  Cells | Free Full-Text | Real-Time Imaging of Retinal Ganglion Cell Apoptosis
We review the current perspectives on retinal ganglion cell apoptosis, the way in which this can be imaged, and the exciting ... has developed a minimally invasive method using fluorescent annexin A5 to detect rates of apoptosis in retinal ganglion cells, ... The DARC (Detection of Apoptosing Retinal Cells) project ... in models of glaucoma and other conditions where retinal ... Keywords: retinal ganglion cell; apoptosis; neurodegeneration; glaucoma; annexin; imaging retinal ganglion cell; apoptosis; ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/2073-4409/7/6/60
*  Optical Coherence Tomography: Imaging Mouse Retinal Ganglion Cells In Vivo | Protocol
RNFL/GCL - retinal nerve fiber layer/ganglion cell layer, GC: ganglion cell. Figures A-C adapted from Sarzi et al.9. Please ... GC: ganglion cell, RNFL/GCL: retinal nerve fiber layer/ganglion cell layer, IPL: inner plexiform layer, INL: inner nuclear ... All approaches described here are designed for retinal ganglion cells (RGC) but are easily adaptable to other cell populations ... Retrograde Labeling of Retinal Ganglion Cells by Application of Fluoro-Gold on the Surface of Superior Colliculus…. Published 6 ...
  https://www.jove.com/video/55865/optical-coherence-tomography-imaging-mouse-retinal-ganglion-cells
*  Phototransduction in Photosensitive Retinal Ganglion Cells | IOVS | ARVO Journals
Phototransduction in Photosensitive Retinal Ganglion Cells You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected, ... Purpose: : The phototransduction cascade in melanopsin-expressing photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (pRGCs) is a subject of ... S. Sekaran, R. G. Foster, M. W. Hankins; Phototransduction in Photosensitive Retinal Ganglion Cells. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. ... However, at 50 µM OAG significantly suppressed the light response in 5 out of 17 cells. The remainder of the cells continued to ...
  http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2362989
*  Artemin augments survival and axon regeneration in axotomized retinal ganglion cells. | Sigma-Aldrich
Artemin, a specific ligand for GFRα3, has a neuroprotective effect on axotomized retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in vivo and in ... Artemin augments survival and axon regeneration in axotomized retinal ganglion cells.. [Kazuko Omodaka, Takuji Kurimoto, Orie ... and spiral ganglion neurons both in vivo and in vitro. However, its effects on retinal cells and its intracellular signaling ... Artemin, a recently discovered member of the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) family, has neurotrophic ...
  https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/papers/25044131
*  Oligomeric proanthocyanidin suppresses the death of retinal gang... ( The death of retinal ganglion cells ...)
... retinal,ganglion,cells,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology ... The death of retinal ganglion cells is a hallmark of many optic neurod......,Oligomeric,proanthocyanidin,suppresses,the,death, ... Oligomeric proanthocyanidin suppresses the death of retinal ganglion cells. ...The death of retinal ganglion cells is a ... The death of retinal ganglion cells is a hallmark of many optic neurodegenerative diseases such as glaucoma and retinopathy. ...
  http://www.bio-medicine.org/biology-news-1/Oligomeric-proanthocyanidin-suppresses-the-death-of-retinal-ganglion-cells-32236-1/
*  The Ultimate Guide To Daily health Tip - Blog
Intraocular stress is transmitted into the axons of retinal ganglion cells for the optic nerve as mechanical strain, resulting ... practically nothing acts like directions for your cells like your food stuff does. Sure foods can disrupt hormonal purpose And ... in cell death.. In PACG, the peripheral iris obstructs ordinary aqueous outflow (Determine 1).11 This may lead to amplified ...
  http://health-news37047.blogolize.com