*  Multiple GABA receptor subtypes mediate inhibition of calcium influx at rat retinal bipolar cell terminals | Journal of...
Multiple GABA receptor subtypes mediate inhibition of calcium influx at rat retinal bipolar cell terminals. ZH Pan and SA ... Inhibitory effects of GABA on K(+)-evoked Ca2+ influx into rat retinal bipolar cell terminals were studied using calcium ... Multiple GABA receptor subtypes mediate inhibition of calcium influx at rat retinal bipolar cell terminals ... Multiple GABA receptor subtypes mediate inhibition of calcium influx at rat retinal bipolar cell terminals ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/15/4/2668
*  lecture 13 - Saturday November 6 2010 CENTER-SURROUND How does this work Circuit • Two bipolar cells synapse with cone an on...
Two bipolar cells synapse with cone, an on center and off center • On ... axons penetrate the brain but after the graphic of the translocated retinal early cell to tectal cell chemoaffinities has re- ... fields to retinal ganglion cells (center-surround) • Low convergence (1-2 RGCs synapse onto each dLGN cell) Saturday, November 6 ... 1. X-gal labeling of melanopsin ganglion cells in a retinal wholemount. Composite image derived from a stack of brightfield ...
  https://www.coursehero.com/file/6160716/lecture-13/
*  KAKEN - Research Projects | Spatial filter property of retinal bipolar cells under various intensities of background light. ...
Spatial filter property of retinal bipolar cells under various intensities of background light.. Research Project ... The receptive fields of retinal bipolar cells (BCs) comprise concentrically organized, opponent center and surround regions, ... retina / filter / receptive field / bipolar cell / horigontal cell / コンパートメントモデル / エッジ検出 / 空間フィルタ特性. ... Receptive field properties of retinal amacrine cells in homotypic gap junctional networks.' Progr.Cell Res.4. 261-264 (1995). * ...
  https://kaken.nii.ac.jp/grant/KAKENHI-PROJECT-07680439/
*  Cone bipolar cell modifications during retinal degenera | Open-i
Retinal sections stained with antibodies against recoverin in order to vi ... Cone bipolar cell modifications during retinal degeneration of P23H pigmented L1 rats. ... Figure 12: Cone bipolar cell modifications during retinal degeneration of P23H pigmented L1 rats. Retinal sections stained with ... Figure 12: Cone bipolar cell modifications during retinal degeneration of P23H pigmented L1 rats. Retinal sections stained with ...
  https://openi.nlm.nih.gov/detailedresult.php?img=PMC4273614_fnana-08-00151-g0012&req=4
*  The rates of visual information encoding in parallel retinal bipolar cell pathways | IOVS | ARVO Journals
Bart Gerard Borghuis, Charles P. Ratliff; The rates of visual information encoding in parallel retinal bipolar cell pathways. ... The rates of visual information encoding in parallel retinal bipolar cell pathways ... The rates of visual information encoding in parallel retinal bipolar cell pathways ... Purpose : Bipolar cells (BCs) in the mammalian retina comprise about fourteen types. With few exceptions, all types sample from ...
  http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2638393
*  Signaling mechanisms of retinal bipolar cells - Catherine Morgans
Signaling mechanisms of retinal bipolar cells Morgans, Catherine W. Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, United ... Signaling mechanisms of retinal bipolar cells. Morgans, Catherine W. / Oregon Health and Science University. $369,278. ... Signaling mechanisms of retinal bipolar cells. Morgans, Catherine W. / Oregon Health and Science University. $369,278. ... Signaling mechanisms of retinal bipolar cells. Morgans, Catherine W. / Oregon Health and Science University. $384,665. ...
  http://grantome.com/grant/NIH/R01-EY018625-04
*  Degenerating retinal ganglion cells disconnect from bipolar cells using diverse strategies | IOVS | ARVO Journals
Degenerating retinal ganglion cells disconnect from bipolar cells using diverse strategies Luca Della Santina; Alfred Yu; Alan ... Degenerating retinal ganglion cells disconnect from bipolar cells using diverse strategies You will receive an email whenever ... Degenerating retinal ganglion cells disconnect from bipolar cells using diverse strategies. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018; ... Purpose : Retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) undergo progressive loss of their glutamatergic excitatory postsynaptic sites when ...
  https://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2690283
*  The TRPM1 Channel Is Required for Development of the Rod ON Bipolar Cell-AII Amacrine Cell Pathway in the Retinal Circuit |...
The TRPM1 Channel Is Required for Development of the Rod ON Bipolar Cell-AII Amacrine Cell Pathway in the Retinal Circuit. ... The TRPM1 Channel Is Required for Development of the Rod ON Bipolar Cell-AII Amacrine Cell Pathway in the Retinal Circuit ... The TRPM1 Channel Is Required for Development of the Rod ON Bipolar Cell-AII Amacrine Cell Pathway in the Retinal Circuit ... The TRPM1 Channel Is Required for Development of the Rod ON Bipolar Cell-AII Amacrine Cell Pathway in the Retinal Circuit ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/37/41/9889?rss=1
*  'tirf' Protocols and Video...
Imaging Exocytosis in Retinal Bipolar Cells with TIRF Microscopy', 'Single Molecule Fluorescence Microscopy on Planar Supported ... TIRFM and pH-sensitive GFP-probes to Evaluate Neurotransmitter Vesicle Dynamics in SH-SY5Y Neuroblastoma Cells: Cell Imaging ... Cortical Actin Flow in T Cells Quantified by Spatio-temporal Image Correlation Spectroscopy of Structured Illumination ... Counting Proteins in Single Cells with Addressable Droplet Microarrays', 'Simultaneous Multicolor Imaging of Biological ...
  https://www.jove.com/keyword/tirf
*  Plus it
Lagnado L, Gomis A, Job C. Continuous vesicle cycling in the synaptic terminal of retinal bipolar cells. Neuron 17: 957-967, ... bipolar cells are unlikely to reach this level under physiological conditions. Instead, bipolar cells operate over a narrow ... Burrone J, Lagnado L. Synaptic depression and the kinetics of exocytosis in retinal bipolar cells. J Neurosci 20: 568-578, 2000 ... Okada T, Horiguchi H, Tachibana M. Ca(2+)-dependent Cl− current at the presynaptic terminals of goldfish retinal bipolar cells ...
  http://jn.physiology.org/content/101/5/2601
*  Jonathan B. Demb, PhD > Biological & Biomedical Sciences | Yale...
Retinal Ganglion Cells; Synapses; Retinal Cone Photoreceptor Cells; Retinal Bipolar Cells ... Retinal ganglion cell filled with a fluorescent dye after whole-cell patch clamp recording. ... We study functional circuitry by whole-cell patch clamp electrophysiology of identified retinal cell types, labeled with ... Two-photon imaging of nonlinear glutamate release dynamics at bipolar cell synapses in the mouse retina Borghuis BG, Marvin JS ...
  http://medicine.yale.edu/bbs/people/jonathan_demb-2.profile
*  Immune-Mediated Paraneoplasia - Redorbit
Autoantibodies against retinal bipolar cells in cutaneous melanoma-associated retinopathy. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1993; 34: ... where the nuclei of bipolar cells are located.106-110 Immunological inhibition of bipolar cells could explain the decreased b- ... that reacted with retinal ganglion cells were demonstrated in a patient with small cell carcinomaassociated retinal ... intraocular injection of rabbit antibodies that reacted with retinal ganglion cells produced experimental retinal ganglion cell ...
  http://www.redorbit.com/news/health/795657/immunemediated_paraneoplasia/
*  A comparison of GABAC and ρ subunit receptors from the white perch retina | Visual Neuroscience | Cambridge Core
Feigenspan A., Wassle H. & Bormann J. (1993). Pharmacology of GABA receptor C1− channels in rat retinal bipolar cells. Nature ... Qian H. & Dowling J.E. (1995). GABAA and GABAC receptors on hybrid bass retinal bipolar cells. Journal of Neurophysiology 74, ... Feigenspan A. & Bormann J. (1994). Modulation of GABAC receptors in rat retinal bipolar cells by protein kinase C. Journal of ... Multiple GABA receptor subtypes mediate inhibition of calcium influx at rat retinal bipolar cell terminals. Journal of ...
  https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/visual-neuroscience/article/comparison-of-gabac-and-subunit-receptors-from-the-white-perch-retina/EA41F8F31BF921FC387B0C128608AE32
*  Differential Gene Expression of TRPM1, the Potential Cause of Congenital Stationary Night Blindness and Coat Spotting Patterns ...
Koike, C., R. Sanuki, K. Miyata, T. Koyasu, T. Miyoshi et al., 2007 The functional analysis of TRPM1 in retinal bipolar cells. ... Normally this results in stimulation of a population of bipolar cells, the ON bipolar cells. The glutamate receptor of the ON ... bipolar cells is a metabotropic glutamate receptor (MGluR6) and this receptor is expressed only in the retinal bipolar cell ... Most recently, expression of TRPM1 has been detected specifically in retinal bipolar cells, further supporting the possibility ...
  http://www.genetics.org/content/179/4/1861.long
*  News Room: NIC students bring home INBRE awards
Organization of Retinal Bipolar Cells in Mice Samples. Levi Bischoff. The Complete Blood Count's Role in 'Modern Medicine' ...
  http://www.nic.edu/news/single.aspx?id=11905
*  EML1 (CNG-Modulin) Controls Light Sensitivity in Darkness and under Continuous Illumination in Zebrafish Retinal Cone...
2005) Retinal bipolar cell input mechanisms in giant danio. I. Electroretinographic analysis. J Neurophysiol 93:84-93, pmid: ... 1974) Control of retinal sensitivity. I. Light and dark adaptation of vertebrate rods and cones. J Gen Physiol 63:37-61, doi: ... 1999) Early retinal development in the zebrafish, Danio rerio: light and electron microscopic analyses. J Comp Neurol 404:515- ... Methods Cell Biol 104:259-285, doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-374814-0.00015-X, pmid:21924168. ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/33/45/17763.long
*  Plus it
2005) Clathrin-dependent and clathrin-independent retrieval of synaptic vesicles in retinal bipolar cells. Neuron 46:869-878. ... 2003) Bulk membrane retrieval in the synaptic terminal of retinal bipolar cells. J Neurosci 23:1329-1339. ... 106 cells. After recovery for 10 min, the neurons were plated onto an astrocyte monolayer at a density of 1500-2000 cells/mm2. ... 104 cells (Amaxa basic neuron SCN Nucleofector kit, Lonza Group). After transfection, the cells were allowed to recover for 10 ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/30/23/7917
*  Plus it
Neurons with ribbon synapses-photoreceptors, hair cells, and retinal bipolar cells-appear to be specialized for the massive, ... 1996) Continuous vesicle cycling in the synaptic terminal of retinal bipolar cells. Neuron 17:957-967. ... A change in membrane capacitance has been used to monitor vesicle fusion in retinal bipolar and photoreceptor cells. ... Bipolar cells were superfused with 20 μm FM1-43, 20 μm FM4-64, or both dyes together as indicated (superfusions in this and the ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/18/21/8614
*  Voltage-Gated Na Channels in AII Amacrine Cells Accelerate Scotopic Light Responses Mediated by the Rod Bipolar Cell Pathway |...
ON cone bipolar cells (CBs) that provide excitatory input to retinal ganglion cells (GCs) (McGuire et al., 1984; Freed and ... 2005) Heterogeneous expression of voltage-dependent Na+ and K+ channels in mammalian retinal bipolar cells. Vis Neurosci 22:119 ... 2002) Regulation of the retinal bipolar cell mGluR6 pathway by calcineurin. J Neurophysiol 88:1088-1096. ... Voltage-Gated Na Channels in AII Amacrine Cells Accelerate Scotopic Light Responses Mediated by the Rod Bipolar Cell Pathway. ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/30/13/4650
*  Phylogeny and distribution of protein kinase C variants in the zebrafish, The Journal of Comparative Neurology | 10.1002/cne...
Retinal bipolar cells: Elementary building blocks of vision. Euler, T.; Haverkamp, S.; Schubert, T.; Baden, T. ... The effect of PKCalpha on the light response of rod bipolar cells in the mouse retina ... Relief of Mg(2)(+)‐dependent inhibition of TRPM1 by PKCalpha at the rod bipolar cell synapse ... PKC{alpha} is essential for the proper activation and termination of rod bipolar cell response ...
  https://www.deepdyve.com/lp/wiley/phylogeny-and-distribution-of-protein-kinase-c-variants-in-the-hC5uOPZxVX
*  Frontiers | Citicoline: A Food Beneficial for Patients Suffering from or Threated with Glaucoma | Frontiers in Aging...
Properties of a glutamatergic synapse controlling information output from retinal bipolar cells. PLoS One 10:e0129133. doi: ... Garcia-Valenzuela, E., Shareef, S., Walsh, J., and Sharma, S. C. (1995). Programmed cell death of retinal ganglion cells during ... Invulnerability of retinal ganglion cells to NMDA excitotoxicity. Mol. Cell. Neurosci. 26, 544-557. doi: 10.1016/j.mcn.2004.05. ... which begins with acceleration of retinal ganglion cells (RGC) death, then progresses to detectable change in the retinal nerve ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnagi.2016.00073/full
*  Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study of Lisdexamfetamine for Bipolar Depression
They receive inputs from the RETINAL PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS and send outputs to the RETINAL GANGLION CELLS. The bipolar cells also ... Retinal Bipolar Cells. INTERNEURONS of the vertebrate RETINA containing two processes. ... Bipolar disorder is a common and often chronic and debilitating mental illness. The depressive phase of bipolar disorder ... make lateral connections in the retina with the RETINAL HORIZONTAL CELLS and with the AMACRINE CELLS. ...
  https://www.bioportfolio.com/resources/trial/68832/Magnetic-Resonance-Imaging-Study-of-Lisdexamfetamine-for-Bipolar-Depression.html
*  Master.Antioxidant: Dr. Robert Keller and Glutathione
Our cells are constantly under attack by Free Radicals, which can cause a reduction of our cells ability to function optimally. ... My BIPOLAR/DEPRESSED BRAIN is USING THE GLUTATHIONE inside my body to work on the OXIDATIVE STRESS and Inflammation of my BRAIN ... Abnormalities of retinal metabolism in diabetes or.... *Oxidative Stress and Glutathione Synthesis in Type... ... Labels: cell damage, Dr. Robert Keller, glutathione, glutathione Defeciency, GSH, Immune system, inflammation, MaxGXL ...
  http://masterantioxidant.blogspot.com/2008/01/dr-robert-keller-and-theglutathione.html
*  WGC2010
... epithelial cells contain foremost cytokeratins; muscle cells, desmin; mesenchymal cells, vimentin; and neu- rons, ... In the fetus, retinal vascularization begins at 4 months and progresses until wind-up at 9 months or just after birth. An ... medications to treat bipolar. Managing Pain Whether circumcision is performed in the obstetric breadth of the sanitarium prior ... TLRs are transmembrane proteins expressed not later than immunocompetent cells such as antigen presenting cells (APCs) and ...
  http://www.wgc2010.sk/index.php/en/messageboard/932
*  Diseases - PrimePCR | Life Science | Bio-Rad
View our wet-lab validated real-time PCR primer assays for your cell signaling pathway of interest. Use our predesigned PCR ... Precursor B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia lymphoma. *Precursor cell lymphoblastic leukemia lymphoma. *Precursor T-cell ... Bipolar disorder. *Child development disorders - Pervasive. *Cognition disorders. *Delirium - dementia, amnestic, and cognitive ... Retinal diseases. *Uveal diseases. *Uveitis. Female urogenital diseases and pregnancy complications. *Cystitis ...
  http://www.bio-rad.com/en-us/prime-pcr-assays/pathway/diseases