*  Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) induced by cefotaxime. - Semantic Scholar
Lincomycin-Induced Acute Generalized Exanthematous Pustulosis Confirmed by Delayed Reading of Intradermal Testing.. *Ben Salem ... The histological examination showed parakeratosis, spongiosis and nonfollicular intra-epidermal… CONTINUE READING ...
*  Visualizing the neural bases of a disconnection syndrome with diffusion tensor imaging. - Semantic Scholar
Compared to controls, an abnormal pattern of brain activity was observed in the patient during word reading, with a lack of ... The functional anatomy of single-word reading in patients with hemianopic and pure alexia.. *A P Leff, H Crewes, G T Plant, S K ... The pathophysiology of letter-by-letter reading.. *Laurent Cohen, Carole Henry, +4 authors Sophie Ferrieux ... White matter pathways in reading.. *Michal Ben-Shachar, Robert F Dougherty, Brian A Wandell ...
*  Identification of dopamine D4 receptor mRNA in circulating human lymphocytes using nested polymerase chain reaction. - Semantic...
There is a long standing controversy if dopamine receptors are present on human lymphocytes. In recent years the expression of dopamine D3 and D5 receptors was demonstrated with molecular biological methods. Using reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) we were able to demonstrate the expression of the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) mRNA in human circulating lymphocytes. Direct sequencing of the RT-PCR product assured that it corresponds to the human DRD4 sequence. However, because of the unusual high G/C content of the DRD4, several precautions have to be applied for reliable results.
*  Annexin A6 and Late Endosomal Cholesterol Modulate Integrin Recycling and Cell Migration. - Semantic Scholar
Annexins are a family of proteins that bind to phospholipids in a calcium-dependent manner. Earlier studies implicated annexin A6 (AnxA6) to inhibit secretion and participate in the organization of the extracellular matrix. We recently showed that elevated AnxA6 levels significantly reduced secretion of the extracellular matrix protein fibronectin (FN). Because FN is directly linked to the ability of cells to migrate, this prompted us to investigate the role of AnxA6 in cell migration. Up-regulation of AnxA6 in several cell models was associated with reduced cell migration in wound healing, individual cell tracking and three-dimensional migration/invasion assays. The reduced ability of AnxA6-expressing cells to migrate was associated with decreased cell surface expression of αVβ3 and α5β1 integrins, both FN receptors. Mechanistically, we found that elevated AnxA6 levels interfered with syntaxin-6 (Stx6)-dependent recycling of integrins to the cell surface. AnxA6 overexpression caused mislocalization
*  Anion exchange SPE and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry in GHB analysis. - Semantic Scholar
In this study, the extraction of γ-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) from urine using solid-phase extraction (SPE) is described. SPE was performed on anion exchange columns after samples of urine had been diluted with de-ionized water. After application of the diluted samples containing GHB-d(6) as an internal standard, the sorbent was washed with deionized water and methanol and dried. The GHB was eluted from the SPE column with a solvent consisting of methanol containing 6% glacial acetic acid. The eluent was collected, evaporated to dryness, and dissolved in mobile phase (100 μL) for analysis by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) in negative multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. Liquid chromatography was performed in gradient mode employing a biphenyl column and a mobile phase consisting of acetontitrile (containing 0.1% formic acid) and 0.1% aqueous formic acid. The total run time for each analysis was less than 5 min. The limits of detection/quantification for this method were
*  Natriuretic peptides and filling pressure at rest and stress. - Semantic Scholar
The natriuretic peptides are a family of compounds secreted from the atria and ventricles in response to a variety of stimuli, including increased wall stress, tachycardia, and myocardial ischemia. Increases in the levels of these compounds correlate with increased left-ventricular filling pressure in patients with systolic dysfunction, although the production of the compounds from severely impaired ventricles may be reduced, leading to lower than anticipated levels in severe heart failure. The association of increased natriuretic peptides with diastolic dysfunction has been variable, with no elevation reported in many patients with mild dysfunction. These patients with mild diastolic dysfunction become symptomatic with exercise, in association with increased filling pressure with stress, which may be documented using echocardiography or possibly the natriuretic peptide response. However, the variability of peptide levels within individuals may pose a problem to the interpretation of sequential data in
*  Simple computer measurement of pulmonary VCO2 per breath. - Semantic Scholar
Measurements of the volume of CO2 exhaled per breath (VCO2/br) are preferable to end-tidal PCO2, when the exhaled flow and CO2 waveforms may be changing during unsteady states, such as during alterations in positive end-expiratory pressure or alterations in cardiac output. We describe computer algorithms that determine VCO2/br from digital measurements of exhaled flow (including discontinuous signals common in anesthesia circuits) and CO2 concentration at the airway opening. Fractional concentration of CO2 is normally corrected for dynamic response and transport delay (TD), measured in a separate procedure. Instead, we determine an on-line adjusted TD during baseline ventilation. In six anesthetized dogs, we compared the determination of VCO2/br with a value measured in a simultaneous collection of expired gas. Over a wide range of tidal volume (180-700 ml), respiratory rate (3-30 min-1), and positive end-expiratory pressure (0-14 cmH2O), VCO2/br was more accurate with use of the adjusted TD than the
*  Autonomic nervous function during haemodialysis assessed by spectral analysis of heart-rate variability. - Semantic Scholar
1. Short-term autonomic response to haemodialysis-induced hypovolaemia was studied in 30 patients undergoing chronic haemodialysis by analysing power spectra of heart-period variability. Patients were classified as haemodynamically stable (15 patients) and unstable (15 patients) according to their past history of cardiovascular collapse during the treatment. Blood volume, systolic arterial pressure and heart period were measured during sessions that ended without the occurrence of collapse. 2. No significant differences were observed when comparing blood volume, heart rate and arterial pressure of stable and unstable patients during the dialysis, and the two groups could not be distinguished merely on the basis of these haemodynamic parameters. Conversely, spectral analysis of beat-to-beat heart-period variability showed markedly different power patterns: in stable patients power was mainly in the low-frequency (LF) band (0.06-0.15 Hz), whereas in unstable patients it was mainly in the high-frequency
*  Regeneration of uterine horn using porcine small intestinal submucosa grafts in rabbits. - Semantic Scholar
Tubal factor infertility may be reversed using porcine small-intestinal submucosa (SIS). The method uses as a model the New Zealand White rabbit uerine horn. In surgery, SIS grafts were prepared from porcine jejunum; the uterine horn segment was resected and a graft was placed; then the contralateral adnexa was resected. Fecundability was tested with natural mating. Three out of six rabbits became pregnant. Gross and microscopic examination confirmed regeneration of all tissue layers. Thus, this study determined that SIS facilitates successful regeneration of uterine horn morphology in a manner similar to that observed in other tissues and species.
*  Expression of nitric oxide synthase in the spinal cord in C57BL/6J mice with congenital muscular dystrophy. - Semantic Scholar
Autoradiography with the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor ((3)H)nitro-L-arginine ([(3)H]L-NNA) was used to quantify NOS in cervical and lumbar spinal cord in normal and dystrophic mice. A single homogeneous population of binding sites was seen in all subregions of the gray matter in normal mice and in the superficial dorsal horn in dystrophic mice. However, in dystrophic mice, two populations were revealed in the deeper dorsal, intermediate, and ventral subregions. Pronounced immunoreactivity for neuronal NOS (nNOS), and weak immunoreactivity for endothelial NOS (eNOS), were revealed in all subregions in normal and dystrophic mice. Inducible NOS (iNOS) immunoreactivity was negligible in normal mice but intense in the deeper dorsal, intermediate, and ventral subregions in dystrophic mice. The higher affinity ((3)H)L-NNA binding site colocalized with nNOS and the lower affinity site with iNOS. It is suggested that expression of iNOS is associated with the pathological changes occurring in congenital
*  MR889, a neutrophil elastase inhibitor, in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a double-blind, randomized,...
We investigated whether MR889, a synthetic cyclic thiolic elastase inhibitor, administered for a period of 4 weeks to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, is well-tolerated, and whether it modifies biochemical indices of lung destruction. The study was a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial in COPD patients. Thirty subjects were administered MR889 orally at a dose of 500 mg b.i.d. for 4 weeks, and 30 received placebo following the same schedule. In addition to safety parameters, MR889 efficacy was checked by a pretreatment/postreatment evaluation of levels of plasma elastin-derived peptides and urinary desmosine. There were no statistically significant differences between pretreatment and posttreatment efficacy parameter levels either in the control group or in the treated group. However, in a subset of treated patients with a short disease duration, the level of urinary desmosine dropped significantly with respect to pretreatment values (p = 0.004). We conclude
*  Persistent complement activation on tumor cells in breast cancer. - Semantic Scholar
The neoantigens of the C5b-9 complement complex, IgG, C3, C4, S-protein/vitronectin, fibronectin, and macrophages were localized on 17 samples of breast cancer and on 6 samples of benign breast tumors using polyclonal or monoclonal antibodies and the streptavidin-biotin-peroxidase technique. All the tissue samples with carcinoma in each the TNM stages presented C5b-9 deposits on the membranes of tumor cells, thin granules on cell remnants, and diffuse deposits in the necrotic areas. When chemotherapy and radiation therapy preceded surgery, C5b-9 deposits were more intense and extended. The C5b-9 deposits were absent in all the samples with benign lesions. S-protein/vitronectin was present as fibrillar deposits in the connective tissue matrix and as diffuse deposits around the tumor cells, less intense and extended than fibronectin. IgG, C3, and C4 deposits were present only in carcinoma samples. The presence of C5b-9 deposits is indicative of complement activation and its subsequent pathogenetic effects
*  Simian virus 40 large tumor antigen requires three core replication origin domains for DNA unwinding and replication in vitro. ...
Simian virus 40 (SV40) large tumor antigen (T antigen) unwinds DNA containing the SV40 origin of replication. The origin requirement for unwinding can be satisfied by the 64-base-pair SV40 core origin that supports T-antigen-dependent DNA replication both in vivo and in vitro. The core origin contains three domains with specific DNA sequence features. These include an inverted repeat, a central T-antigen binding domain, and an adenine- and thymine-rich domain containing a DNA bending focus. The domain and spacer requirements of the core origin for DNA unwinding and replication in vitro are strikingly similar to the origin requirements for DNA replication in vivo. Thus, each of the three functional domains of the core origin contributes directly to the initiation of duplex DNA unwinding by T antigen.
*  The RecOR proteins modulate RecA protein function at 5' ends of single-stranded DNA. - Semantic Scholar
The Escherichia coli RecF, RecO and RecR pro teins have previously been implicated in bacterial recombinational DNA repair at DNA gaps. The RecOR-facilitated binding of RecA protein to single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) that is bound by single-stranded DNA-binding protein (SSB) is much faster if the ssDNA is linear, suggesting that a DNA end (rather than a gap) facilitates binding. In addition, the RecOR complex facilitates RecA protein-mediated D-loop formation at the 5' ends of linear ssDNAs. RecR protein remains associated with the RecA filament and its continued presence is required to prevent filament disassembly. RecF protein competes with RecO protein for RecR protein association and its addition destabilizes RecAOR filaments. An enhanced function of the RecO and RecR proteins can thus be seen in vitro at the 5' ends of linear ssDNA that is not as evident in DNA gaps. This function is countered by the RecF/RecO competition for association with the RecR protein.
*  Molecular basis of a shattering resistance boosting global dissemination of soybean. - Semantic Scholar
Pod dehiscence (shattering) is essential for the propagation of wild plant species bearing seeds in pods but is a major cause of yield loss in legume and crucifer crops. Although natural genetic variation in pod dehiscence has been, and will be, useful for plant breeding, little is known about the molecular genetic basis of shattering resistance in crops. Therefore, we performed map-based cloning to unveil a major quantitative trait locus (QTL) controlling pod dehiscence in soybean. Fine mapping and complementation testing revealed that the QTL encodes a dirigent-like protein, designated as Pdh1. The gene for the shattering-resistant genotype, pdh1, was defective, having a premature stop codon. The functional gene, Pdh1, was highly expressed in the lignin-rich inner sclerenchyma of pod walls, especially at the stage of initiation in lignin deposition. Comparisons of near-isogenic lines indicated that Pdh1 promotes pod dehiscence by increasing the torsion of dried pod walls, which serves as a driving
*  Aggregation pheromone of driedfruit beetle,Carpophilus hemipterus Wind-tunnel bioassay and identification of two novel tetraene...
A male-produced aggregation pheromone was demonstrated inCarpophilus hemipterus (L.) (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) using a wind-tunnel bioassay. Both sexes responded to the pheromone, but the beetles flew in the wind tunnel only after they had been starved for at least several hours. The attractiveness of the pheromone was greatly enhanced by volatiles from a food source, and combinations of pheromone and food volatiles typically attracted 3-10 times more beetles than either source by itself. A variety of food-related sources of volatiles were effective. These included apple juice; a mixture of baker's yeast plus banana; the pinto bean diet used for rearing this beetle; the chemicals propyl acetate, ethanol; and a mixture of acetaldehyde, ethyl acetate, and ethanol. The pheromonal activity resided with a series of 10 male-specific, unsaturated hydrocarbons of 13, 14, and 15 carbon atoms. These were partially separated by HPLC. No single compound was absolutely required for pheromonal activity to be observed
*  Outbreak of Pseudomonas aeruginosa surgical site infections after arthroscopic procedures: Texas, 2009. - Semantic Scholar
SETTING Seven organ/space surgical site infections (SSIs) that occurred after arthroscopic procedures and were due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa of indistinguishable pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) patterns occurred at hospital X in Texas from April 22, 2009, through May 7, 2009. OBJECTIVE To determine the source of the outbreak and prevent future infections. DESIGN Infection control observations and a case-control study. METHODS Laboratory records were reviewed for case finding. A case-control study was conducted. A case patient was defined as someone who underwent knee or shoulder arthroscopy at hospital X during the outbreak period and subsequently developed organ/space SSI due to P. aeruginosa. Cultures of environmental and surgical equipment samples were performed, and selected isolates were analyzed by PFGE. Surgical instrument reprocessing practices were reviewed, and surgical instrument lumens were inspected with a borescope after reprocessing to assess cleanliness. RESULTS The case
*  Lack of evidence for the pathogenic role of iron and HFE gene mutations in Brazilian patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis...
The hypothesis of the role of iron overload associated with HFE gene mutations in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has been raised in recent years. In the present study, biochemical and histopathological evidence of iron overload and HFE mutations was investigated in NASH patients. Thirty-two NASH patients, 19 females (59%), average 49.2 years, 72% Caucasians, 12% Mulattoes and 12% Asians, were submitted to serum aminotransferase and iron profile determinations. Liver biopsies were analyzed for necroinflammatory activity, architectural damage and iron deposition. In 31 of the patients, C282Y and H63D mutations were tested by PCR-RFLP. Alanine aminotransferase levels were increased in 30 patients, 2.42 1.12 times the upper normal limit on average. Serum iron concentration, transferrin saturation and ferritin averages were 99.4 31.3 g/dl, 33.1 12.7% and 219.8 163.8 g/dl, respectively, corresponding to normal values in 93.5, 68.7 and 78.1% of the patients. Hepatic siderosis was
*  Experience with risperidone long-acting injection: results of a naturalistic observation study. - Semantic Scholar
Typical antipsychotics are effective in the management of schizophrenia, but are associated with troublesome adverse effects which may lead to treatment discontinuation and relapse. Long-acting depot formulations of these drugs improve patient compliance, but do not reduce the incidence of adverse effects. There is evidence to suggest that newer atypical antipsychotic drugs have a reduced propensity to induce movement disorders and are associated with a modest reduction in relapse rates. The introduction of risperidone long-acting injection (RLAI) provided clinicians with the first long-acting formulation of an atypical antipsychotic. Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the outcomes of patients from an acute mental health trust who received RLAI during the 18-month period following its licensing in the UK in order to examine measures of clinical effectiveness, and reasons for treatment discontinuation. Methods. Data were collected retrospectively from medical notes. Results. Fifty-nine
*  Agonist-evoked Ca(2+) wave progression requires Ca(2+) and IP(3). - Semantic Scholar
Smooth muscle responds to IP(3)-generating agonists by producing Ca(2+) waves. Here, the mechanism of wave progression has been investigated in voltage-clamped single smooth muscle cells using localized photolysis of caged IP(3) and the caged Ca(2+) buffer diazo-2. Waves, evoked by the IP(3)-generating agonist carbachol (CCh), initiated as a uniform rise in cytoplasmic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](c)) over a single though substantial length (approximately 30 microm) of the cell. During regenerative propagation, the wave-front was about 1/3 the length (approximately 9 microm) of the initiation site. The wave-front progressed at a relatively constant velocity although amplitude varied through the cell; differences in sensitivity to IP(3) may explain the amplitude changes. Ca(2+) was required for IP(3)-mediated wave progression to occur. Increasing the Ca(2+) buffer capacity in a small (2 microm) region immediately in front of a CCh-evoked Ca(2+) wave halted progression at the site. However, the wave
*  Systemic capillary leak syndrome after granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). - Semantic Scholar
Capillary leak syndrome (CLS) commonly occurs in the intensive care setting. CLS is seen in conditions such as septic shock or may result from conditions such as multitrauma and pancreatitis, which result in the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). We present two cases in which both patients suffered with CLS, which we believe was caused following administration of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, to our knowledge not described in the intensive care patient previously. We discuss how these patients management differs from other intensive care unit patients with CLS and how it is important to diagnose this condition early in haematological oncology cases.