*  Abstract MP59: Associations of Maternal Pre-pregnancy Body Mass Index and Gestational Weight Gain with Offspring Longitudinal...
Introduction A number of studies have demonstrated significant associations between changes in obesity-related phenotypes and subsequent risk of CHD. While accumulating evidence suggests that maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (mppBMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) may impact adult offspring adiposity, no study has examined their associations with longitudinal changes in obesity. Changes in obesity are likely to reflect genetic-environmental interactions and may have important implications for understanding CHD risk.. Objectives We examined the associations of mppBMI and GWG with longitudinal change in offspring's BMI and assessed whether these associations are explained in part by genetic effects.. Methods We used a birth cohort of 1400 young adults born in Jerusalem, with extensive archival data as well as clinical information at age 32, and longitudinal change in BMI based on two examinations at ages 17 and 32. Genotyping of mothers and offspring was carried out for 180 candidate ...
  http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/127/Suppl_12/AMP59
*  pregnancy over 35 - Posts
pregnancy over 35 - MedHelp's pregnancy over 35 Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for pregnancy over 35. Find pregnancy over 35 information, treatments for pregnancy over 35 and pregnancy over 35 symptoms.
  http://www.medhelp.org/tags/show/130/pregnancy-over-35?section=subjects
*  twenty first (21) week pregnancy symptoms, twenty first week pregnancy calendar, twenty first (21) week pregnant signs &...
a week by week pregnancy calendar, stages of pregnancy, twenty first (21) week pregnancy symptoms, twenty first (21) week pregnancy test center gurgaon, online tips for twenty first (21) week pregnancy, twenty first (21) week pregnant women's health and lifestyle tips for getting pregnant, pregnancy week by week development.
  http://mumslittleone.com/stage.php?M=1&id=38
*  Pregnancy and autoimmunity: maternal treatment and maternal disease influence on pregnancy outcome. | IRIS Università degli...
If a woman suffers from autoimmune disease (AD), several factors can affect pregnancy or neonatal outcome: repeated spontaneous pregnancy losses (frequently related to antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL)), neonatal lupus with complete congenital heart block (CHB) (linked to transplacental passage of IgG anti Ro/SS-A antibodies) and the disease activity itself that can affect the mother, the pregnancy and fetal outcome. If appropriately managed, the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is bone of the few tractable causes of pregnancy losses.Q A recent case control study, on babies from APS-mothers and healthy mothers, did not show any difference in the occurrence of neonatal complications. There are few data about the longterm outcome of babies born to patients with AD. We recently reported increased occurrence of learning disabilities in children born to aPL positive mothers with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The modern management of ...
  https://flore.unifi.it/handle/2158/388118
*  twenty eight (28) week pregnancy symptoms, twenty eight week pregnancy calendar, twenty eight (28) week pregnant signs &...
a week by week pregnancy calendar, stages of pregnancy, twenty eight (28) week pregnancy symptoms, twenty eight (28) week pregnancy test center gurgaon, online tips for twenty eight (28) week pregnancy, twenty eight (28) week pregnant women's health
  http://mumslittleone.com/stage.php?M=1&id=45
*  Fetal growth in early pregnancy and risk of delivering low birth weight infant: prospective cohort study | The BMJ
Our main finding was that the size of the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy was associated with the birth weight. Approximately half of this association was due to the effect of first trimester size on the duration of pregnancy. The clinical significance of this finding is underlined by the association between fetal growth in early pregnancy and the risk of delivering a small for gestational age infant. Before the widespread use of ultrasound, fetal growth was thought to be largely genetically determined in early pregnancy and variation in fetal growth was thought to be primarily a feature of the second half of pregnancy.13 With the widespread clinical use of ultrasound, analysis of routinely collected data showed that fetuses that were smaller than expected in early pregnancy were at increased risk of adverse outcome, particularly poor growth. Intrauterine growth restriction was postulated to be ...
  http://www.bmj.com/content/334/7598/836.long
*  Prepregnancy maternal overweight increases the risk of both early and late preterm delivery. - Healthcanal.com : Healthcanal.com
Preterm delivery is defined by the World Health Organization as delivery before 37 completed weeks of gestation. It is of great importance because it is a leading cause of neonatal death and morbidity. Preterm delivery is responsible for 3 million deaths worldwide annually.. Maternal obesity is a growing public health problem worldwide. It is known that women with excess weight have a higher risk of several adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes that include preeclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus, cesarean section delivery, and fetal death. Women with lower than normal body mass index also have an elevated risk of adverse prenatal outcomes, such as preterm delivery and intrauterine growth restriction.. The findings in this study support the hypothesis that high pre-pregnancy maternal body mass index increases the risk of preterm delivery says Dr. Morken, one of the authors of the study. According to Dr. Morken the results showed that pre-pregnancy maternal overweight ...
  https://www.healthcanal.com/pregnancy-childbirth/34503-prepregnancy-maternal-overweight-increases-the-risk-of-both-early-and-late-preterm-delivery.html
*  Pregnant women at risk of heart ailment - Houston Chronicle
Pregnant women at risk of heart ailment Women know the side effects of pregnancy only too well: fatigue, shortness of breath, discomfort while lying flat, swollen feet. In extreme cases, they can be symptoms of a life-threatening heart ailment, peripartum cardiomyopathy. The disease is centered in the heart's muscles, which can falter in their job of pumping blood through the body. Most cases respond to treatment, but the disease is unpredictable and little understood, says Dr. Biswajit Kar, chief of the medical division of the Center for Advanced Heart Failure at Memorial Hermann Heart & Vascular Institute. [...] the disease's causes are unclear, and the center recently received a $100,000 grant to track and study cases. The purpose is to pump blood so that it meets all the demands of the mother's body. [...] because the right side of the heart is pumping into the left side, and the left side is failing, the pressure in the right side starts going up. It can progress very rapidly to ...
  http://www.chron.com/news/health/article/Pregnant-women-at-risk-of-heart-ailment-5347758.php
*  Complications of pregnancy - Wikipedia
Complications of pregnancy are health problems that are caused by pregnancy. In the immediate postpartum period, 87% to 94% of women report at least one health problem. Long term health problems (persisting after 6 months postpartum) are reported by 31% of women. Severe complications of pregnancy are present in 1.6% of mothers in the US and in 1.5% of mothers in Canada. The relationship between age and complications of pregnancy are now being researched with greater impetus. In 2013, complications of pregnancy resulted globally in 293,000 deaths, down from 377,000 deaths in 1990. The most common causes of maternal mortality are maternal bleeding, maternal sepsis and other infections, hypertensive diseases of pregnancy, obstructed labor, and pregnancy with abortive outcome, which includes miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, and elective abortion. There is no ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Complications_of_pregnancy
*  Effect of maternal stress during pregnancy on the risk for preterm birth
Background: Preterm birth defined as birth prior to 37 weeks of gestation is caused by different risk factors and implies an increased risk for disease and early death for the child. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of maternal stress during pregnancy on the risk of preterm birth. Methods: A case-control study that included 340 women; 168 women who gave birth preterm and 172 women who gave birth at term. Data were manually extracted from standardized medical records. If the medical record contained a psychiatric diagnosis or a self-reported stressor e.g., depression or anxiety the woman was considered to have been exposed to stress during pregnancy. Adjusted odds ratio (AOR) was used to calculate the attributable risk (AR) of maternal stress during pregnancy on preterm birth, both for the women exposed to stress during pregnancy (AR1 = (AOR-1)/AOR) and for the whole study population (AR2 = AR1*case fraction). Results: ...
  http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:901779
*  Placental Growth and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
The placenta is known to play a vital role in maintaining a healthy pregnancy. Placental dysfunction is believed to be a driving factor in a variety of adverse obstetric outcomes, including fetal growth restriction and preeclampsia. Advances in 3D ultrasound have allowed for measurement of placental volumes during pregnancy. It may be that quantitative assessment of early placental growth can help identify pregnancies at risk for adverse outcome. Furthermore, various novel serum analytes have been proposed as predictors of adverse outcome. The investigators seek to prospectively measure placental volume and diameter at 11-14 weeks and 18-24 weeks to determine if placental growth can predict adverse outcome. In addition, the investigators seek to investigate the relationship between placental growth and serum levels of various biomarkers to see if improved detection of adverse outcome can be achieved ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01669525?recr=Open&cond=%22Pregnancy%22&rank=16
*  Pregnancy week by week Pregnancy problems - Mayo Clinic
When you learn that you're pregnant, you might begin planning your pregnancy week by week. Every day you might have more questions about a healthy pregnancy. What should you eat? Can you exercise? What type of prenatal tests should you consider?. If you're carrying twins or other multiples, you might have even more questions about your pregnancy week by week. How much weight should you gain? How can you prevent preterm labor? Will you need bed rest?. Whatever your questions, understanding your pregnancy week by week can help you make good decisions throughout your pregnancy. Learn nutrition do's and don'ts, and get the basics on other healthy pregnancy issues - from exercise to back pain and sex. The more you know about your pregnancy week by week, the more prepared you'll be to face what lies ahead. ...
  https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/pregnancy-week-by-week/basics/pregnancy-problems/hlv-20049471?s=1&p=1
*  Pregnancy week by week Pregnancy problems - Mayo Clinic
When you learn that you're pregnant, you might begin planning your pregnancy week by week. Every day you might have more questions about a healthy pregnancy. What should you eat? Can you exercise? What type of prenatal tests should you consider?. If you're carrying twins or other multiples, you might have even more questions about your pregnancy week by week. How much weight should you gain? How can you prevent preterm labor? Will you need bed rest?. Whatever your questions, understanding your pregnancy week by week can help you make good decisions throughout your pregnancy. Learn nutrition do's and don'ts, and get the basics on other healthy pregnancy issues - from exercise to back pain and sex. The more you know about your pregnancy week by week, the more prepared you'll be to face what lies ahead. ...
  https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/pregnancy-week-by-week/basics/pregnancy-problems/hlv-20049471?s=7&p=1
*  A prospective cohort study of pregnancy risk factors and birth outcomes in Aboriginal women
Background: Aboriginal women have been identified as having poorer pregnancy outcomes than other Canadian women, but information on risk factors and outcomes has been acquired mostly from retrospective databases. We compared prenatal risk factors and birth outcomes of First Nations and Métis women with those of other participants in a prospective study. Methods: During the 12-month period from July 1994 to June 1995, we invited expectant mothers in all obstetric practices affiliated with a single teaching hospital in Edmonton to participate. Women were recruited at their first prenatal visit and followed through delivery. Sociodemographic and clinical data were obtained by means of a patient questionnaire, and microbiological data were collected at 3 points during gestation: in the first and second trimesters and during labour. Our primary outcomes of interest were low birth weight (birth weight less than 2500 g), prematurity (birth at less than 37 weeks' gestation) and macrosomia (birth ...
  http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/14325870/prospective-cohort-study-pregnancy-risk-factors-birth-outcomes-aboriginal-women
*  Bleeding nipples early pregnancy - Pregnancy Blog
The quality on the information found in How Fast To Know If Pregnant (How Fast To Know If Pregnant : How To Get Pregnant - 7 Tips Teaching You How To Get Pregnant) is well above anything you'll find on the market today. and babies born into more than 42 lack of appetite in early pregnancy babies can be said to be born in a post-term. The amount of books, products and things can be completely overwhelming (and bleeding nipples early pregnancy unnecessary). Part of the study found that women who ate more than 1 bowl early childbirth practices cereal a day were less probably to conceive a girl than those who ate less than one bowl of cereal a bleeding nipples early pregnancy. It is very common in the latter part of the second trimester, however women with darker bleeding nipples early pregnancy may notice the linea nigra bleeding nipples early pregnancy early as 12 weeks pregnant. I have a question I had sex we didn't use any ...
  http://letstalkaboutpep.com/early-pregnancy/bleeding-nipples-early-pregnancy.html
*  Does exercise training during pregnancy affect gestational age? A randomised controlled trial | British Journal of Sports...
The main finding of our study was that supervised, moderate exercise training performed over the second and third trimesters of pregnancy (∼80 training sessions in total) does not negatively affect one of the main pregnancy outcomes, gestational age at the moment of delivery. Further, the overall health status of the baby is unaffected, as reflected by the results of the worldwide-used Apgar score. To reinforce our findings showing that regular exercise during the second part of pregnancy does not alter the risk for preterm delivery, several maternal, potentially confounding variables that might affect pregnancy outcome (for example age, previous parity history, smoking habits and number of hours standing) were controlled for, as we found no significant differences between the intervention and the control group. Ours is the first controlled, randomised trial that objectively and specifically shows no cause-effect relationship between ...
  http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/42/8/674
*  Fetal Outcome of Sleep Disordered Breathing During Pregnancy - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
To examine the effect of maternal SDB on fetal and neonatal outcome. Methods: 300 women in the third trimester of a singleton uncomplicated pregnancy, who attend a low risk obstetric surveillance will be recruited. Hundred women hospitalized at the Antenatal department due to pregnancy related hypertensive disorder, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), diabetes mellitus or premature labor will also be recruited. In addition, 200 women of a singleton uncomplicated pregnancy will be recruited during labor at the delivery room. All participants will be asked to complete a designated sleep questionnaire. Based on the questionnaires, women in the third trimester will undergo a sleep study. Medical records review will be conducted after delivery and will include information of maternal blood pressure, labor duration, route of delivery, infant birth weight and APGAR score. Placentas will be collected immediately after delivery from all women. Cord blood will be ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00931099
*  Alexis Dominguez, High-Risk and Low-Risk Pregnancies - Alexis Dominguez
Women who have high blood pressure can effectively monitor their pressure status to avoid having a low-risk pregnancy. If their blood pressure is not properly managed, the effects can lead to damage to the kidneys and the baby being born with a low weight. Diabetes can also make an impact on pregnancies. If the diabetic issue is not properly managed as well, birth defects become a possibility. Other low-risk pregnancy issues are lupus or multiple sclerosis and at worst, a preterm birth or stillbirth. As an OB/GYN physician, Alexis Dominguez knows well the possibilities of these types of pregnancies. ...
  http://alexisdominguez1.weebly.com/home/alexis-dominguez-high-risk-and-low-risk-pregnancies
*  Pregnant Women At Risk Of Mental Health Problems Should Get More Support, Advises NICE
Pregnant women at risk of mental health problems or with existing conditions should receive more support, healthcare professionals have been told.The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence...
  http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2014/12/18/pregnant-women-at-risk-of-mental-health-problems-should-get-more-support-advises-nice_n_7318602.html
*  Symptoms of pregnancy while on lo loestrin fe - Pregnancy Blog
The being pregnant couldn't survive. You might also develop a heightened sense of odor, making previously mild odors robust symptoms of pregnancy while on lo loestrin fe unappealing) sufficient to make you run for the closest lavatory to puke. So no matter stage in your being pregnant, come along and expertise the benefits of yoga under the care of our expert pregnancy yoga pain right leg pregnancy. We asked the police and county prosecutor to analyze to see if felony costs are warranted. Your temperature will keep elevated pregnanxy through your being pregnant. Follow Bulletin No. Otherwise you can simply have a stomach upset and so if this has not sorted itself out in a fs or two possibly it is best to take a being pregnant take a look at. Nausea and typically vomiting is well known as 'morning sickness', but these symptoms can happen all day, and can symptoms of pregnancy while on lo loestrin fe be te extreme. It's usually tough to type ...
  http://mpgfootball.com/pregnancy-symptoms/symptoms-of-pregnancy-while-on-lo-loestrin-fe.html
*  Risk of recurrence of cerebral venous and sinus thrombosis during subsequent pregnancy and puerperium | Journal of Neurology,...
Risk assessment and counselling of women with a history of CVST regarding future pregnancies is difficult because of the lack of data concerning the associated thrombotic risk. As pregnancy and puerperium are prothrombotic risk factors for VTE, gynaecologists and general physicians are often reluctant to encourage women with previous CVST to become pregnant. The results of this study suggest that a history of CVST does not preclude a subsequent pregnancy. None of our patients had recurrence of CVST during pregnancy and puerperium and no extracerebral VTE occurred. The observed complications (for example, spontaneous abortion, gestosis) were most probably not attributable to thromboembolic complications.. Adding the 22 pregnancies from our series to other published series and case reports,6-9 there are now data available from 63 pregnancies with normal delivery and without recurrence of CVST including 21 women who initially presented with ...
  http://jnnp.bmj.com/content/74/6/814
*  Pharmaceuticals | Free Full-Text | The Use of Central Nervous System Active Drugs During Pregnancy
CNS-active drugs are used relatively often during pregnancy. Use during early pregnancy may increase the risk of a congenital malformation; use during the later part of pregnancy may be associated with preterm birth, intrauterine growth disturbances and neonatal morbidity. There is also a possibility that drug exposure can affect brain development with long-term neuropsychological harm as a result. This paper summarizes the literature on such drugs used during pregnancy: opioids, anticonvulsants, drugs used for Parkinson's disease, neuroleptics, sedatives and hypnotics, antidepressants, psychostimulants, and some other CNS-active drugs. In addition to an overview of the literature, data from the Swedish Medical Birth Register (1996-2011) are presented. The exposure data are either based on midwife interviews towards the end of the first trimester or on linkage with a prescribed drug register. An association between malformations and maternal ...
  http://mdpi.com/1424-8247/6/10/1221
*  Nutrition & Pregnancy | Southside OBGYN
Underweight women with a low weight gain during pregnancy appear to have an increased risk of having a low birth weight infant and preterm birth. On the other hand, obese women have an increased risk for having a large for gestational age infant, post term birth, and other pregnancy complications.. There is an increased risk of small for gestational age births in women who gain less than the recommended weight, based on pre-pregnancy weight. Women who exceed the weight gain recommendations double their risk of having a very large infant which increases the risk for C-section and birth trauma. It may also increase the risks of childhood obesity and makes weight loss more difficult after delivery.. Recommendation for weight gain during a single pregnancy are as follows: ...
  http://www.southsideobgyn.com/patient-resources/patient-education/pregnancy-guide/nutrition-pregnancy/
*  Albumin and pregnancy - Pregnancy Blog
When cervical mucus becomes more slippery, it can help sperm make its method to the albumin and pregnancy. Also throughout pregnancy, the amount of blood circulating through your physique increases, inflicting extra fluids to be processed by your kidneys and bladder, which suggests extra albumin and pregnancy room breaks. I hope every part works albumin and pregnancy effectively for you - I had fairly dangerous treatment for unruptured ectopic pregnancy with my first pregnancy, all was effective. Albumin and pregnancy case you are hunting for the signs of implantation, then you could know precisely about your menstrual cycle in order that the time of ovulation may albumin and pregnancy determined. Any sudden motion or place change could albumin and pregnancy them to spasm. If albumin and pregnancy have mild feelings of ...
  http://myartyshow.com/and-pregnancy/albumin-and-pregnancy.html
*  Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician
Background: Too little or too much weight gain during pregnancy is associated with adverse fetal outcomes. In general, mothers are advised to gain at least 15 lb (6.8 kg). Current guidelines provide an optimal range of weight gain based on maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), but do not specify an upper limit of weight gain for obese mothers (i.e., those with a BMI of 30 kg per m2 or greater). Kiel and colleagues used an obstetric database from a large state to study the relationship of weight gain and pregnancy outcomes in obese women.. The Study: The study included all singleton deliveries after 37 weeks' gestation between 1990 and 2001 in which the mother's prepregnancy BMI was 30 kg per m2 or greater. For each participant, pregnancy weight gain was calculated from obstetric records. Pregnancy outcomes assessed included preeclampsia, cesarean delivery, small for gestational age (SGA) infant, and ...
  https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0515/p1454a.html