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*  Der Einfluß der Temperatur auf die afferente und efferente motorische Innervation des Rückenmarks - Semantic Scholar
The influence of spinal cord temperature on the stretch responses of primary and secondary muscle spindle endings of triceps ... The decrease in spontaneous activity seemed to be more pronounced in extensor muscles than in flexor muscles. With secondary ... The decrease in spontaneous activity seemed to be more pronounced in extensor muscles than in flexor muscles. With secondary ... activation followed by an inactivation of both the dynamic γ-trail fibres and the static γ-plate fibres to muscle spindles. ...
  https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Der-Einflu%C3%9F-der-Temperatur-auf-die-afferente-und-e-Klussmann-Henatsch/5267d85d52eb7a27a1c4b3305dc9000a79786b02
*  Plus it
Distribution of TTX-sensitive voltage-gated sodium channels in primary sensory endings of mammalian muscle spindles. J ... at the heminode and sensory terminals of a Ia afferent branch supplying innervation to a cat muscle spindle stained with ... EFFECT OF VERATRINE ON MUSCLE FIBRE MEMBRANE AND ON NEGATIVE AFTER-POTENTIAL. George B. Frank ... EFFECT OF VERATRINE ON MUSCLE FIBRE MEMBRANE AND ON NEGATIVE AFTER-POTENTIAL ...
  http://jn.physiology.org/content/21/3/263
*  PubMed Central, Figure 3: J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2012 Oct; 22(5): 785-794. Published online 2012 Feb 19. doi: 10.1016/j...
Cervical muscle spindle afferent response to rapid rotation of the C2 vertebra simulating the thrust phase of a high velocity, ... Panel A shows a decrease in the muscle spindle afferent activity during the thrust and panel B shows an increase in its ... The bottom two panels show a muscle spindle's response to vertebral displacement initially to the left and then right and back ... in the tracing of the original muscle spindle recordings (Raw Unit Activity) is greater when the vertebra is displaced ...
  http://www.chiro.org/LINKS/ABSTRACTS/GRAPHICS/SMT/Spinal_Manipulative_Therapy_and_Figure_3.html
*  Piezo is essential for amiloride-sensitive stretch-activated mechanotransduction in larval Drosophila dorsal bipolar dendritic...
We also show that rat muscle spindles exhibit a ruthenium red-sensitive current, but found no expression evidence to suggest ... Stretch-activated afferent neurons, such as those of mammalian muscle spindles, are essential for proprioception and motor co- ... dynamic profile with similar characteristics to those previously observed for mammalian muscle spindles. These profiles were ...
  https://datashare.is.ed.ac.uk/handle/10283/788
*  Distribution of SERCA isoforms in human intrafusal fibers
human, muscle spindle, intrafusal fiber, aging, biceps brachii, deep muscles of the neck, MyHC, mATPase, SERCA Research subject ... Muscle spindles are skeletal muscle mechanoreceptors that mediate the stretch reflex and provide axial and limb position ... Knowledge about the normal human muscle spindles is needed in order to understand their role in muscle disease or dysfunction. ... and deep muscles of the neck (DN); to determine whether there are age-related changes in human muscle spindles with respect to ...
  http://umu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:143217
*  Sensory reinnervation of muscle spindles after TN defect repaired by autologous vein graft | EurekAlert! Science News
... grafts may provide comparable results to immediate end-to-end anastomosis in terms of sensory reinnervation of muscle spindles. ... Sensory reinnervation of muscle spindles after repair of tibial nerve defects using autogenous vein grafts," by Youwang Pang, ... Sensory reinnervation of muscle spindles after repair of tibial nerve defects using autogenous vein grafts. Neural Regen Res. ... Sensory reinnervation of muscle spindles after TN defect repaired by autologous vein graft. Neural Regeneration Research ...
  https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-09/nrr-sro090214.php
*  The Efferent Regulation of the Muscle Spindle in the Frog | Journal of Experimental Biology
The motor innervation of the muscle spindle of the frog is investigated by recording simultaneously the responses of muscle and ... The Efferent Regulation of the Muscle Spindle in the Frog Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from Journal of ... When the muscle is curarized progressively, a state is reached in which all visible contractions are abolished, yet the spindle ... Closer study of this effect suggests that the spindle response arises from a twitch of the intrafusal muscle fibres, and that ...
  http://jeb.biologists.org/content/26/2/201
*  British Library EThOS: Morphometric and immunohistochemical studies on mechanosensory innervation of the muscle spindle
Chapter two describes the deformation of the nerve endings in the muscle spindle when the cat tenuissimus muscle is subjected ... The purpose of this thesis is to study aspects of the function of the primary sensory endings of muscle spindles using ... The aim of this project is a better understanding of morphometric changes in the muscle spindle including intrafusal fibre ... Chapter one is an introduction to the structure and innervation of the muscle spindle andtendon organ, discussing briefly the ...
  http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.402207
*  Muscle spindle - Wikipedia
Muscle spindles are found within the belly of muscles, between extrafusal muscle fibers. Muscle spindles have a capsule of ... When a muscle is stretched, primary type Ia sensory fibers of the muscle spindle respond to both changes in muscle length and ... Muscle spindles are stretch receptors within the body of a muscle that primarily detect changes in the length of the muscle. ... These activate the muscle fibres within the spindle. Gamma motor neurons supply only muscle fibres within the spindle, whereas ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muscle_spindle
*  Formation of Specific Monosynaptic Connections between Muscle Spindle Afferents and Motoneurons in the Mouse | Journal of...
Group II muscle afferents also supply muscle spindles and provide monosynaptic input to motoneurons (Kirkwood and Sears, 1974 ... Spindle afferents (Ia fibers) make the strongest connections with motoneurons supplying the same (homonymous) muscle but make ... Formation of Specific Monosynaptic Connections between Muscle Spindle Afferents and Motoneurons in the Mouse. Simon C. Mears ... One example is the set of connections between muscle spindle sensory axons (Ia fibers) and spinal motoneurons, the synaptic ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/17/9/3128
*  A Robotic Muscle Spindle: Neuromechanics of Individual and Ensemble Response - BioRobotics Lab Repository
... receptor potential and Ia data in the muscle spindle literature, allowing reproduction of core muscle spindle behavior directly ... Jaax, K.N. (2001) A Robotic Muscle Spindle: Neuromechanics of Individual and Ensemble Response. Doctoral thesis, University of ... A mechatronic structural model of the mammalian muscle spindle Ia response was developed and used to investigate ... The passive spindle response matched well in 5 of 9 measures. Dynamic intramuscular strain data from 28 locations on the ...
  http://brl.ee.washington.edu/eprints/178/
*  Posture, Muscles, Spindles, Adhesions and SMR
As you stated, the muscle spindle lies within the muscle fibers (Intrafusal fibers) and act as a protective. ... This solution explains why the muscle spindles become overactive due to poor posture. In relation to the muscle spindles ... the muscle spindle lies within the muscle fibers (Intrafusal fibers) and act as a protective mechanism, activating the muscle ... of the muscle spindle during ballistic may cause microtrauma in the muscle because of the tension created when the muscle is ...
  https://brainmass.com/health-sciences/topics-in-health-and-wellness/physiology-posture-muscles-fibres-spindles-adhesions-smr-160305
*  Effects of Latrodectus spider venoms on sensory and motor nerve terminals of muscle spindles | Proceedings of the Royal Society...
Effects of Latrodectus spider venoms on sensory and motor nerve terminals of muscle spindles. L. S. Queiroz, L. W. Duchen ... Effects of Latrodectus spider venoms on sensory and motor nerve terminals of muscle spindles. ... Effects of Latrodectus spider venoms on sensory and motor nerve terminals of muscle spindles ... Effects of Latrodectus spider venoms on sensory and motor nerve terminals of muscle spindles ...
  http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/216/1202/103
*  muscle spindles | sandraswansonlmt
... enlightening because it urged us massage therapists NOT to neglect muscle spindles for our patients! Muscle spindles are, ... then by deactivating the muscle spindle IN THE RIGHT WAY, which is slowwwlllyyy. Each time the muscle and muscle spindle is ... enlightening because it urged us massage therapists NOT to neglect muscle spindles for our patients! Muscle spindles are, ... muscle spindles. March 8, 2016. sandraswansonlmt Leave a comment Reading Christy Cael's article in this month's Massage and ...
  https://sandraswansonlmt.wordpress.com/2016/03/08/muscle-spindles/
*  Muscle Spindle Composition and Distribution in Human Young Masseter and Biceps Brachii Muscles Reveal Early Growth and...
685 MASSETER MUSCLE SPINDLES AT YOUNG AGE TABLE 1. Muscle spindle (MS) density, number of single and compound muscle spindles, ... Muscle spindle density was measured as number of muscle spindles per area (MS/cm2). Definition of compound muscle spindle ... including muscle spindle density, compound muscle spindle structure and number of intrafusal fibers per muscle spindle was ... Also muscle spindles in the young biceps brachii muscle were examined. The result showed that muscle spindle composition and ...
  https://www.docme.ru/doc/2169488/muscle-spindle-composition-and-distribution-in-human-youn..
*  Voltage-gated sodium channel expression in muscle spindles
In particular, the ionic conductances that sustain tonic firing during static muscle stretch are unknown. In this podcast, ... Our knowledge of the molecular mechanisms underlying signaling of mechanical stimuli by muscle spindles is incomplete. ... Voltage-gated sodium channel expression in muscle spindles. April 6, 2017. Our knowledge of the molecular mechanisms underlying ... Is it possible that voltage-gated sodium channels contribute to multiple steps in sensory signaling by muscle spindles? What do ...
  https://jneurophysiol.podbean.com/e/voltage-gated-sodium-channel-expression-in-muscle-spindles/
*  Spindle-shaped muscle definition | Drugs.com
Definition of spindle-shaped muscle. Provided by Stedman's medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and ...
  https://www.drugs.com/dict/spindle-shaped-muscle.html
*  Muscle Spindles / Golgi Tendon Organs - STEP1 Neurology - Step 1 - Medbullets.com
Muscle spindle. *Returns muscle to its resting length when it is either stretched or contracted *muscle spindle reflex *muscle ... ensures the muscle spindle remains sensitive to changes in muscle length (eg, contraction). ... Motor unit = single motor neuron + muscle fibers *motor neuron can innervate few to many muscle fibers ... Are in series with the extrafusal skeletal muscle *mostly located between the extrafusal muscle and tendon ...
  http://www.medbullets.com/step1-neurology/13039/muscle-spindles--golgi-tendon-organs
*  Muscle Spindles and Myotatic Reflexes, part 2 - Movement and Motor Control: Lower and Upper Motor Neurons | Coursera
that muscle. So, that implies that their must be some descending control that will adjust either the gain of the muscle spindle ... for maintaining muscle tone. So, muscle tone is simply the resting level of tension in the skeletal muscle. And this tension ... sensitivity of this muscle spindle system and its impact on the extrafusal muscle ... spindle afferent is filled in. And so, this muscle spindle can remain ...
  https://fr.coursera.org/lecture/medical-neuroscience/muscle-spindles-and-myotatic-reflexes-part-2-lUq74
*  Model-based prediction of fusimotor activity and its effect on muscle spindle activity during voluntary wrist movements |...
They have been shown to act as stretch receptors in passive muscle ... Muscle spindles provide critical information about movement position and velocity. ... Proske, U., Morgan, D. L., & Gregory, J. E. (1993). Thixotropy in skeletal muscle and in muscle spindles: a review. Progress in ... I. Muscle spindle feedback during spatially oriented movements. Experimental Brain Research, 134, 301-310. PubMedCrossRef ...
  https://www.springerprofessional.de/model-based-prediction-of-fusimotor-activity-and-its-effect-on-m/11726984
*  Muscle Spindles and Myotatic Reflexes, part 1 - Movement and Motor Control: Lower and Upper Motor Neurons | Coursera
And this structure is called the muscle spindle. So, the muscle spindle is a collection of muscle fibers that are found within ... muscle spindle to changes in the length of the muscle. Let me back up just a moment, and say a little bit more about these ... muscle fiber. A muscle spindle might have a handful of these nuclear bag fibers and there may be equal number or more typically ... the difference between the contributions of the muscle spindle. And the Golgi tendon organs to the control of muscle activity, ...
  https://zh.coursera.org/learn/medical-neuroscience/lecture/6TIq7/muscle-spindles-and-myotatic-reflexes-part-1
*  Frontiers | Major remaining gaps in models of sensorimotor systems | Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
Fusimotor Control of Muscle Spindles. Muscle spindles have long figured prominently in theories of sensorimotor control. The ... muscle fascicle length and velocity for spindles and active muscle force for Golgi tendon organs). Several other types of ... Human muscle spindle discharge during isometric voluntary contractions. Amplitude relations between spindle frequency and ... Richmond, F. J. R., Bakker, G. J., Bakker, D. A., and Stacey, M. J. (1986). The innervation of tandem muscle spindles in the ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fncom.2015.00070/full
*  Chapter 13: Touch Flashcards by Jessica Mahan | Brainscape
Muscle Spindles: Convey the rate at which the muscle fibers are changing in length.. Receptors in tendons provide signals about ... Convey the rate at which the muscle fibers are changing in length.. Receptors in tendons provide signals about tension in ... Touch sensations travel as far as 2 meters to get from skin and muscles of feet to the brain!. ... Knowledge of the world that is derived from sensory receptors in skin, muscles, tendons, and joints, usually involving active ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/chapter-13-touch-3686717/packs/5238535
*  LEC-8 Reflexes Flashcards by Blake Hollowoa | Brainscape
The muscle spindle may maintain a length which would allow it to respond to a slight stretch of the whole muscle ... When the tension in a tendon becomes high enough to damage the muscle or bone, the alpha motor neurons to the muscle are ... Intrinsic hand muscles, however, have alpha motor neurons that only innervate between 10-50 muscle fibers. ... bringing about secondary effects once the change in length is sensed by the muscle spindle. ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/lec-8-reflexes-3462078/packs/5277499