*  PLOS ONE: Collagen-Based Mechanical Anisotropy of the Tectorial Membrane: Implications for Inter-Row Coupling of Outer Hair...
Background The tectorial membrane (TM) in the mammalian cochlea displays anisotropy, where mechanical or structural properties differ along varying directions. The anisotropy arises from the presence of collagen fibrils organized in fibers of ∼1 µm diameter that run radially across the TM. Mechanical coupling between the TM and the sensory epithelia is required for normal hearing. However, the lack of a suitable technique to measure mechanical anisotropy at the microscale level has hindered understanding of the TM's precise role. Methodology/Principal Findings Here we report values of the three elastic moduli that characterize the anisotropic mechanical properties of the TM. Our novel technique combined Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), modeling, and optical tracking of microspheres to determine the elastic moduli. We found that the TM's large mechanical anisotropy results in a marked transmission of deformations along the ...
*  chemtrails - contrails - The Skeptic's Dictionary - Skepdic.com
Contrails have been the object of scientific study for some time and are known to 'seed the growth of cirrus clouds that can grow to enormous size.' Contrails 'appear to increase global temperatures by trapping in reradiated heat' (Sheaffer, who cites a ten-year study by the French climatologist Olivier Boucher published in Nature 397:30, 7 January 1999). 'Depending on a plane's altitude, and the temperature and humidity of the atmosphere, contrails can vary enormously in their thickness and duration, and therefore in their reflecting or insulating power. Most last minutes or hours, some last days' (Clarke). 'Fluffy rows of cirrus clouds created by the increasing number of jet contrails can sometimes fill half the sky' (Kotulak). PCTs deny the scientific evidence and maintain that contrails do not turn into puffy clouds. Patrick Minnis, a senior research scientist at NASA's Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia, studied satellite images of contrail clouds of military craft during the ...
*  Contrails, Dark Lines, Black Beams, & "Chemtrails" - Contrail Science
Math Warning] It's a bit difficult to explain these edge shadows (also called volumetric shadows). You can think of them in terms of three dimensional geometry. The contrail is a line in three dimensional space. The camera (or observer) is a point in three dimensional space. The sun is essentially infinitely far away, and so is only really relevant as a directional vector (a vector in three dimensions, where the magnitude is unimportant ). These three quantities are what you need to consider to understand the condition for the edge shadow.. Given the line (contrail) and direction vector (sun) we can form a plane that contains the line, and is parallel to the direction vector. This plane cuts through the contrail, the atmosphere, and intersects the ground. Projecting two end points of the contrail along the plane in the direction of the sun's vector, we get essentially a two dimensional parallelepiped (although the far edge is not very well defined). This parallelepiped is quite thin (it's as ...
*  Chemtrail Myths - Contrail Science
False - Nobody has ever measured low humidity within a persisting contrail. The fact is it is very difficult to measure humidity in a specific region at a specific altitude, at a given time, the best you can do is make a rough prediction. Measurements are made by weather balloons at just a few stations that average 235 miles apart, at 12 hour intervals, and then local predictions are extrapolated from this. The weather balloons can drift as much as 100 miles in their ascent, so you never know where the measurements are coming from. Humidity can vary by as much as 80% in a 12 hour period, and vary by similar amount over just a few miles. The fact that the contrail is spreading is actually a far more accurate indicator of high humidity than the available humidity predictions. NASAs own experiments (right) show persisting contrails over a large range of calculated humidities, even down to 10%.. Myth #3 - Long lasting contrails have appeared in "parallel lines", "grid" and "X" formations, which are ...
*  Wiley: Mechanobiology: Exploitation for Medical Benefit - Simon C. F. Rawlinson
An emerging field at the interface of biology and engineering, mechanobiology explores the mechanisms by which cells sense and respond to mechanical signals and holds great promise in one day unravelling the mysteries of cellular and extracellular matrix mechanics to cure a broad range of diseases. Mechanobiology: Exploitation for Medical Benefit presents a comprehensive overview of principles of mechanobiology, highlighting the extent to which biological tissues are exposed to the mechanical environment, demonstrating the importance of the mechanical environment in living systems, and critically reviewing the latest experimental procedures in this emerging field.. Featuring contributions from several top experts in the field, chapters begin with an introduction to fundamental mechanobiological principles; and then proceed to explore the relationship of this extensive force in nature to tissues of musculoskeletal systems, heart and lung vasculature, the ...
*  A Very Unusual Contrail - Contrail Science
There is a huge difference between the deliberately sprayed chemtrails and normal contrails.. 1. Altitude, I see too many chemtrails at very low altitudes which defies the contrail science.. 2. I have seen many planes turn the trails off and on thus the "naturally occurring" part goes out the window. Look up at the sky and chances are you will see the planes do it too or at the very least see trails that have gaps in them I guess JazzRock and all these other paid disinfo agents will probably come up with some wacky theory that the plane turned its engines off or something ridiculous like that.. 3. Ask your self why one day you see them "chemtrails" and then another day you don't, did the airports shut down for a day? no! normal commercial airlines are not responsible for this, military planes with no marking are.. 4. I have measured the humidity in the air where there was only 5% humidity in the air, in the summer at very hot temperatures and low altitudes yet I still see chemtrails. You expect ...
*  Contrail Forecast - Contrail Science
1.) why are these commercial airliners flying directly over metropolitan areas? Because lots of air routes go directly over metropolitan areas - airports usually have navigation beacons of various types, and cities are easy refernce points.. 2.) Even on days that there are light to no contrails the air traffic is not the same as the previous weeks air traffic What is the question here?. 3.) If these are natural reaction to airplanes in the atmosphere why is it ok to block out the sun with the trails? Dont we all have a right to have clean skies and access to important sunlight?. Pretty much irrelevant to whether there are "chemtrails" or not.. contrails usually blot out very little sunlight worldwide - any look at satellite photos of the earth show a great deal of "clear sky", and "normal pollution" is probably a lot worse.. Eg have a look at http://lance-modis.eosdis.nasa.gov/imagery/subsets/?area=na & click around North America. 4.) I have seen dozens planes start trails just over the city ...
*  Contrail VS Chemtrail: The Stage by Stage Development of a Chemtrail Cloud | HubPages
The classic argument of most Chemtrail discussions is-- 'This is a Contrail, and not a Chemtrail'. If you've ever wondered what the differences between a Contrail and Chemtrail are, I have photographs that show how chemtrails morph into huge geoengineered clouds from smaller pencil thin lines. I've posted numerous videos that show the difference between a chemtrail and contrail.
*  Persisting and Spreading Contrails - Contrail Science
It doesn't matter what this site tries to propose to you, it's a lie. Those pics are photoshopped. CHEMTRAILS ARE REAL! Just listen to how many ambulances you hear during the day or night after a heavy spraying. That will tell you all you need to know. Here's part of my testimony on when I found out about chemtrails… It was last week sometime when I really began to notice the heavy spraying coming out of these jets in the sky. There were multiple lines and planes…I thought that very strange. They seemed to be lasting quite a long time and they formed plumes that appeared as if they were dripping something from them. I had never seen anything like this before in my life. Usually a contrail dissipates after a few seconds. These lines stayed for hours and spread into clouds and turned the whole sky milky white/silver. While I was outside observing these chemtrails, both my eyes and sinuses started burning. I quickly went inside and started to do my own research on what these funny lines in the ...
*  Barrett Mechanical - Process Piping Services - Solutions to Mechanical & Plumbing Design Challenges for Commercial & Industrial...
Barrett Mechanical provides industrial and commercial customers throughout Southwestern Ontario with superior workmanship and practical solutions to mechanical and plumbing design challenges. Based in London Ontario. Services include backflow prevention, design build, heating processes, HVAC, process piping, plumbing, service work, emergencies, consulting and more.
*  Contrail photos through history - Contrail Science
I am not saying it is the case but it is possible for them to lie if they realy needed to keep a cap on something.. I am disappointed that you dismissed Caroline Carter as being paranoid, good science has a balanced view on all possibilities untill proven wrong.. Living where you do I would expect you are used to seeing vehicle and industrial pollution, perhaps your sky has always been horrid so you dont see the change. Perhaps hardly any planes fly over your patch anyway or you never looked up till recently and think it is all normal. Rainfall is random and it is impossible to draw any firm conclusion from sampling amounts taken at widely spaced locations. It could rain more in one part of the west and far less in the east or randomly rain more or less where the measures are taken. If I lived far from a met rain gauge and did my own measurements of rain and found I had recorded twice the rainfall than they had in a year, I would correctly assume that locality was responsible for the difference. ...
*  Gentaur Molecular :Genesee \ 0.6ml Microtubes, Green \ 22-272G
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*  Fundamental Respiratory Mechanics | SCIREQ
Of all the essential elements needed to support life, oxygen is the most vital. It is the primary function of the respiratory system to provide a constant supply of it to the body. The act of breathing air in and out of the lungs is basically a mechanical process, relying on changes in pressure and volume. The mechanical properties of the structural elements involved will invariably influence the efficiency of the breathing process or the comfort associated with it.. As a material, the lung tissue possesses complex characteristics which can be quantitatively assessed. The techniques used to describe the mechanical function of the lungs in terms of relevant parameters employ notions of physiology and principles of physics which are combined into mathematical equations or models. ...
*  post by NWOnoworldorder
collected RAIN WATER does show exactly what types of chemicals are being sprayed over our countries, i see contrails and chemtrails everyday out of my window and above my home, im not stupid that i cant tell the difference, i see contrails coming out of commercial planes...and i watch them flying through the sky and see the thin contrial dissapear behind it, then i see other aircrafts, spewing chemtrails and i watch as the chemtrail billows and billows until it looks like a cloud....im a 32 year old woman, i went to university for almost 5 years, im not stupid, nor am i blind, on the same day i see both contrails and chemtrails....THEY ARE REAL ...
*  Comment on Alteration of Bacterial Adhesion Induced by the Substrate Stiffness
Guégan, C., et al. Alteration of Bacterial Adhesion Induced by the Substrate Stiffness. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces. 114, 193-200. 14/10/2013.. ...
*  Filtration
... is a mechanical process that separates solids from liquid. Numerous methods can be relied upon, depending on the application and the particles size.
*  Know-It-Alls: Cognition In The Google Age | Wpromote Blog
It suggests a belief that intelligence is the output of a mechanical process, a series of discrete steps that can be isolated, measured, and optimized.
*  How to Stop Cracking Your Knuckles: 13 Steps (with Pictures)
How to Stop Cracking Your Knuckles. Knuckle cracking is a common habit which anyone can develop. Even though you may enjoy the sensation it brings, it can drive the people around you crazy and lead to some unwanted side effects down the...
*  EnviroLink Forum • View topic - Where is the blue sky?
For background estimates, the variants of the KC-135/707 generally use more than 10,000 lbs/hour in fuel, which is ~1200 gallons of the least dense (0.8 kg/L) fuel. This provides enough water vapor to form a condensation trail that we see when contrails form. This is natural condensation of aersols as opposed to the 100 to 500 gallons being sprayed as an aerosol. The spray is going to consume a greater weight of liquid since the addition of metals would increase the density proportionally. At 1200 gallons per hour fuel consumption that is 20 gallons a minute, which if we assume is similar to the slower application of the mystery spray that is more dense, giving us a 5 minute application with 100 gallons and a maximum of 25 minutes of application. Neither of which would seem to give the coverage attributed to this mechanism, especially given the chemtrails are supposedly bigger in diameter than contrails ...
*  Is Cracking Your Knuckles Bad For You? It Might Just Be An Old Wive's Tale, According To This Study
If you, like yours truly, is a notorious knuckle-cracker, I have some really excellent news for you. According to recent research, it appears that cracking your knuckles may not be bad for you after all. In fact, it may actually be good for you. So w
*  From nanoplates to microtubes and microrods: a surfactant-free rolling mechanism for facile fabrication and morphology...
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Da-Peng Li, Zhi Zheng, Yan Lei, Feng-Ling Yang, Su-Xiang Ge, Yi-Dong Zhang, Bao-Jun Huang, Yuan-Hao Gao, Ka-Wai Wong, Woon-Ming Lau].
*  No connection no attraction dating , Erotik live cams 32
This worked really well back in the day when a cracking twig meant something big was coming. You see her getting pissed, and while she's getting pissed
*  Sadlak Industri...
World-class reinforced QD Assembly works with M1A/M14 stocks. Try it with bipod to reduce stock cracking during rough handling or heavy recoil practice.
*  Cox Is Readying The Vajay-Jay For Another Baby | PerezHilton.com
To quote the woman herself: 'time's a-ticking.' At 45, Courteney Cox already has one child, but knows if she wants another, she better get cracking. And she...
*  LEAP 博士創新之星