*  Interspecific exchange of avian influenza virus genes in Alaska: the influence of trans-hemispheric migratory tendency and...
Interspecific exchange of avian influenza virus genes in Alaska: the influence of trans-hemispheric migratory tendency and ... Table S1 PCR primers for low pathogenic avian influenza virus genes designed for this study ... Interspecific exchange of avian influenza virus genes in Alaska: the influence of trans-hemispheric migratory tendency and ... numbers for Asian and North American reference samples used in phylogenetic anlyses of mallard avian influenza viruses from ...
  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2010.04908.x/suppinfo
*  A Novel Small Molecule Inhibitor of Influenza A Viruses that Targets Polymerase Function and Indirectly Induces Interferon
... in the presence of influenza virus infection. Normally, influenza virus blocks IFN production, an activity that is dependent on ... ASN2 acts by targeting influenza virus polymerase function which results in inhibition of virus replication, and as a ... We show that ASN2 is a potent inhibitor of influenza A virus and can partially protect infected animals from disease and death ... the viral NS1 protein and contributes to the ability of the virus to cause disease in an infected host. ...
  http://journals.plos.org/plospathogens/article?id=10.1371/journal.ppat.1002668
*  Subtyping Animal Influenza Virus with General Multiplex RT-PCR and Liquichip High Throughput (GMPLex)* -- Vol. 27, No 02, 2012 ...
... and N2 subtypes of the influenza A virus at one time; rapid, completing the influenza subtyping within 6 hours; high ... Primers and probes were designed to amplify NS and M genes of influenza A viruses HA gene of H1, H3, H5, H7, H9 subtypes, and ... combined to give an influenza virus (IV) rapid high throughput subtyping test, designated as GMPLex. The IV GMPLex rapid high ... The GMPLex rapid high throughput subtyping test can satisfy the needs of influenza rapid testing. ...
  http://www.virosin.org/Paper/2012/27/02/VS12250-012-3232-2
*  Frontiers | Pathogenesis and Phylogenetic Analyses of Two Avian Influenza H7N1 Viruses Isolated from Wild Birds | Microbiology
To further understand the character of other influenza viruses of the H7 subtype, we selected two H7N1 avian influenza viruses ... To further understand the character of other influenza viruses of the H7 subtype, we selected two H7N1 avian influenza viruses ... The results of this study demonstrated that two low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) H7N1 viruses of the Eurasian branch could ... The results of this study demonstrated that two low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) H7N1 viruses of the Eurasian branch could ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2016.01066/full
*  ASMscience | Emergence of Influenza V
... influenza viruses B and C established permanent lineages in ancient times, whereas influenza A viruses continue to emerge from ... All 16 subtypes of influenza viruses in the aquatic bird reservoir occur as low-pathogenicity strains that replicate ... Aquatic birds of the world are natural reservoirs for 16 of the 17 known influenza subtypes, and 1 subtype has been ... Influenza is a respiratory disease affecting humans, a limited number of other mammals, and birds. Of the three genera of ...
  http://www.asmscience.org/content/book/10.1128/9781555818432.chap8
*  Influenza - wikidoc
Synonyms and Keywords: Flu; influenza A; influenza B; influenza C; human influenza; human influenza virus ... For more information about non-human (variant) influenza viruses that may be transmitted to humans, see Zoonotic influenza ... Peter Palese Making Better Influenza Virus Vaccines? Emerging Infectious Diseases Special Issue: Influenza Vol. 12, No. 1 ... Adolfo García-Sastre Antiviral Response in Pandemic Influenza Viruses 'Emerging Infectious Diseases Special Issue: Influenza ...
  https://www.wikidoc.org/index.php/Influenza
*  KEGG PATHWAY: Influenza A - Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey)
Influenza is a contagious respiratory disease caused by influenza virus infection. Influenza A virus is responsible for both ... Novel strains that cause pandemics arise from avian influenza virus by genetic reassortment among influenza viruses and two ... Influenza A - Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey) [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , Show description ... The innate immune system recognizes invaded virus through multiple mechanisms. Viral non-structural NS1 protein is a ...
  http://www.genome.jp/kegg-bin/show_pathway?mcc05164+698729
*  Recovery from live influenza trojan infection is known to induce heterosubtypic | Beneficial Effects of RAF Inhibitor i
... protective immune reactions induced by inactivated influenza computer virus is critical for developing more effective influenza ... METHODS and MATERIALS Viruses. Influenza trojan A/PR8/34 Rabbit Polyclonal to CARD11. (H1N1) was harvested in 10-day-old ... In this study, we investigated how immunization with inactivated influenza A/PR8 computer virus (H1N1) can induce immune ... We found that intranasal immunization with inactivated influenza computer virus in the presence of cholera toxin (CT) induced ...
  http://biodiversityhotspot.org/2017/06/recovery-from-live-influenza-trojan-infection-is-known-to-induce-heterosubtypic/
*  "Immunologic recognition of influenza virus-infected cells. II. Expres" by T J. Braciale
Immunologic recognition of influenza virus-infected cells. II. Expression of influenza a matrix protein on the infected cell ... Braciale, T J., "Immunologic recognition of influenza virus-infected cells. II. Expression of influenza a matrix protein on the ...
  https://mouseion.jax.org/ssbb1977/1114/
*  Figure 5 - Matrix Protein 2 Vaccination and Protection against Influenza Viruses, Including Subtype H5N1 - Volume 13, Number 3...
Influenza matrix protein 2 (M2) is highly conserved across influenza A subtypes. To evaluate its efficacy as a vaccine ... This M2 prime-boost vaccination conferred broad protection against challenge with lethal influenza A, including an H5N1 strain ... Vaccination with M2, with key sequences represented, may provide broad protection against influenza A. ... induced M2-specific antibody responses and protected against challenge with lethal influenza. Mice primed with M2-DNA and then ...
  https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/13/3/06-1125-f5
*  The Influenza a Virus Subtypes H1N1, H1N2 and H3N2 ,Hdfx: a Novel Immunomodulatorand Potential Fighter against Cytokine Storms...
... is quite distinct from influenza viruses that normally infect pigs. It appears that the virus is derived from multiple viruses ... An annual influenza vaccine may offer protection against some strains of the influenza virus. Other forms of prevention include ... influenza vaccines have been vastly improved in design. Highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses of the H5 subtype are a ... the first flu vaccine was made by Jonas Salk and Thomas Francis after it was discovered that viruses (influenza virus types A, ...
  http://scifed.com/fulltext/the-influenza-a-virus-subtypes-h1n1-h1n2-and-h3n2-hdfx-a-novel-immunomodulatorand-potential-fighter-against-cytokine-storms-in-viral-flu-infections-carica-papaya-linn/21844
*  Preexisting influenza-specific CD4+ T cells correlate with disease protection against influenza challenge in humans. -...
We conducted influenza infection studies in healthy volunteers with no detectable antibodies to the challenge viruses H3N2 or ... We found a large increase in influenza-specific T cell responses by day 7, when virus was completely cleared from nasal samples ... Preexisting CD4+, but not CD8+, T cells responding to influenza internal proteins were associated with lower virus shedding and ... These cells are an important statistical correlate of homotypic and heterotypic response and may limit severity of influenza ...
  https://www.rdm.ox.ac.uk/publications/314035
*  Gramer MR. Diagnostic notes: Defining swine influenza virus
... influenza A virus, influenza B virus, influenza C virus, and thogotovirus.2 As influenza A viruses cause disease in animals, ... Swine influenza virus structure Influenza viruses are enveloped, segmented, single-stranded, negative-sense RNA viruses ... Thus, an influenza virus can be identified as to its subtype in an HI assay. A standard concentration of influenza virus ( ... Swine influenza has evolved from a seasonal disease caused by a stable genotype of swine influenza virus (SIV) to a year-round ...
  https://www.aasv.org/shap/issues/v13n3/v13n3p157.html
*  Animal Influenza Virus | SpringerLink
Second Edition aims to provide the essential methods used in working with animal influenza viruses, and to compile more ... Avian Influenza Virus, Second Edition aims to provide the essential methods used in working with animal influenza viruses, and ... Neuraminidase-Inhibition Assay for the Identification of Influenza A Virus Neuraminidase Virus Subtype or Neuraminidase ... Assay for Influenza Virus Subtype Identification and the Detection and Quantitation of Serum Antibodies to Influenza Virus ...
  https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-1-4939-0758-8
*  WHO | Influenza virus activity in the world
... were typed as influenza A and 311 (30.3%) as influenza B. Of the sub-typed influenza A viruses reported, 30.2% were influenza A ... In the northern hemisphere, sporadic influenza virus activity was reported. Influenza A(H3N2) and B viruses were co-circulating ... Influenza A(H1N1) old seasonal virus: no report. *Influenza A(H3N2): Argentina, Australia, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), ... Influenza virus detection by type/subtype in countries, areas or territories:. *Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09: Australia, Bolivia ( ...
  http://www.who.int/influenza/gisrs_laboratory/updates/summaryreport_20111021/en/
*  WHO | Influenza virus activity in the world
... were typed as influenza A and 1389 (44%) as influenza B. Of the sub-typed influenza A viruses, 142 (10%) were influenza A(H1N1) ... Influenza virus activity in the world. 20 January 2012. Source: Laboratory confirmed data from the Global Influenza ... Influenza A(H3N2) virus predominated in Japan and the Republic of Korea, while influenza B predominated in China. In some other ... Globally influenza A(H3N2) remained the predominant virus subtype detected. Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 detection was very low, ...
  http://www.who.int/influenza/gisrs_laboratory/updates/summaryreport_20120120/en/
*  WHO | Influenza virus activity in the world
Globally, A(H3N2) viruses remained the dominant virus followed by influenza B and influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses respectively. ... Influenza B viruses remain the predominant virus in South Africa. Overall influenza A(H3N2) remains the predominant virus in ... were typed as influenza A and 421 (21.5%) as influenza B. Of the sub-typed influenza A viruses, 146 (11%) were influenza A(H1N1 ... among the continuing declining detections of influenza viruses, influenza B viruses outnumbered A(H3N2) viruses in recent weeks ...
  http://www.who.int/influenza/gisrs_laboratory/updates/summaryreport_20120622/en/
*  Influenza viruses, 1957-60
Isaacs, Alick, Hart, R. J. C. & Law, V. G. (‎1962)‎. Influenza viruses, 1957-60. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 26 ...
  http://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/267517
*  Influenza virus | Define Influenza virus at Dictionary.com
Influenza virus definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it up ... Any of three viruses of the genus Influenzavirus designated type A, type B, and type C, that cause influenza and influenzalike ...
  https://www.dictionary.com/browse/influenza-virus
*  NESCent: Education & Outreach: Influenza Virus
This is a Type A virus because only Type A is classified in subtypes. Subtypes of influenza virus are named for the version of ... Successful viruses will replicate more often than unsuccessful viruses, increasing the number of viruses in the population with ... changes due to mutations caused by the influenza virus' error prone polymerase. This generates different strains of virus which ... The influenza virus is fairly simple. It is composed of a protein coat, with a membrane covering, which is punctuated by two ...
  http://nescent.org/eog/influenzapagetwo.php.html
*  Filamentous Influenza Viruses | SpringerLink
Influenza virus is an unusual pathogen in that it is pleomorphic, capable o ... Influenza A virus is a pathogen of global medical importance causing significant health and socio-economic costs every year. ... The genetics of virus particle shape in equine influenza A virus. Influenza Other Respi Viruses. 2013;7(Suppl4):81-9.Google ... Studies on influenza in the pandemic of 1957-1958. III. Isolation of influenza A (Asian strain) viruses from influenza patients ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs40588-016-0041-7
*  The Influenza Virus Visualized | IndexMundi Blog
... influenza, influenza virus, N1H1, N5H1, pandemic, Spanish Flu, Swine Flu by Claudia Soria. Bookmark the permalink. One thought ... The Influenza Virus Visualized. Posted on April 10, 2013. by Claudia Soria ... Humans can be infected by influenza viruses types A,B, and C. Type A affects humans, birds, and pigs. Type B and C affect only ... In this visualization by Information is Beautiful, we can see how the different strains of influenza virus affect humans, what ...
  http://www.indexmundi.com/blog/index.php/2013/04/10/the-influenza-virus-visualized/
*  Influenza Virus Vaccine (Recombinant) Information - Drugs.com
Easy to read patient leaflet for Influenza Virus Vaccine (Recombinant). Includes indications, proper use, special instructions ... Influenza Virus Vaccine (Recombinant). Generic Name: Influenza Virus Vaccine (Recombinant) (in floo EN za VYE rus vak SEEN ree ... What do I need to tell my doctor BEFORE I take Influenza Virus Vaccine?. *If you have an allergy to influenza virus vaccine ( ... Influenza virus vaccine Intramuscular (Advanced Reading). *Influenza virus vaccine recombinant Intramuscular (Advanced Reading) ...
  https://www.drugs.com/cdi/influenza-virus-vaccine-recombinant.html
*  Influenza virus matrix protein M1 (IPR036039) | InterPro | EMBL-EBI
Influenza virus matrix protein M1 (IPR036039). Short name: Flu_matrix_M1 Overlapping entries *Influenza matrix M1, N-terminal ( ... Combined results from solution studies on intact influenza virus M1 protein and from a new crystal form of its N-terminal ... Structure of a bifunctional membrane-RNA binding protein, influenza virus matrix protein M1.. Nat. Struct. Biol. 4 239-44 1997 ... Matrix protein (M1) of influenza virus is a bifunctional membrane/RNA-binding protein that mediates the encapsidation of RNA- ...
  https://www.ebi.ac.uk/interpro/entry/IPR036039
*  Association of Influenza Virus Proteins with Membrane Rafts
Articles on viral structure, function, and genetics will be considered, as well as articles focusing on virus-host interactions ... and clinical studies on viruses and viral diseases. ... protein of influenza A virus to bud into virus-like particles ... 2. Association of Influenza Virus Proteins with Rafts and Methods to Analyze Them. Influenza virus assembly and budding is ... Influenza Viruses: Molecular Composition. Influenza virus particles are heterogeneous in shape, either spherical (with a ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/av/2011/370606/