*  CCDC85B - Wikipedia
... has been found to have homology to hepatitis delta virus antigen (HDAg). DIPA interacts with the viral antigen, HDAg, and can ... Long M, de Souza SJ, Gilbert W (May 1997). "Delta-interacting protein A and the origin of hepatitis delta antigen". Science. ... "A cellular homolog of hepatitis delta antigen: implications for viral replication and evolution". Science. 274 (5284): 90-4. ... Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) is a pathogenic human virus whose RNA genome and replication cycle resemble those of plant viroids ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CCDC85B
*  WHSC2 - Wikipedia
"Stimulation of RNA polymerase II elongation by hepatitis delta antigen". Science. 293 (5527): 124-7. doi:10.1126/science. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WHSC2
*  Ground glass hepatocyte - Wikipedia
The appearance is classically associated with abundant hepatitis B antigen in the endoplasmic reticulum, but may also be drug- ... Hadziyannis, S; Gerber, MA; Vissoulis, C; Popper, H (Nov 1973). "Cytoplasmic hepatitis B antigen in "ground-glass" hepatocytes ... In the context of hepatitis B, GGHs are only seen in chronic infections, i.e. they are not seen in acute hepatitis B. GGHs were ... Drug reaction Mallory body Viral hepatitis Micrograph showing ground glass hepatocytes. H&E stain. Micrograph showing ground ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ground_glass_hepatocyte
*  Breakthrough infection - Wikipedia
Coleman, Paul F. (2017-02-17). "Detecting Hepatitis B Surface Antigen Mutants". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 12 (2): 198-203. ... Breakthrough cases of Hepatitis B are primarily attributed to mutations in the Hepatitis B virus (HBV) that make HBV surface ... Breakthrough infections of Hepatitis B and mumps are partially attributed to antigenic drift. Vaccines may fail to provide ... If B cell receptors bind to the antigen and FC receptors simultaneously bind to the maternal antibody, the FC receptors send a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breakthrough_infection
*  URG4 - Wikipedia
Tufan NL, Lian Z, Liu J, Pan J, Arbuthnot P, Kew M, Clayton MM, Zhu M, Feitelson MA (2003). "Hepatitis Bx antigen stimulates ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/URG4
*  Irving Millman - Wikipedia
The coating, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), is not infectious; however, HBsAG can provoke an immune response. In order to ... Donald G. McNeil, Jr., April 26, 2012, Irving Millman Dies at 88; Worked to Stop Hepatitis B, The New York Times. His Hepatitis ... Millman's work with Baruch Blumberg helped lead to the creation of a test to detect hepatitis B. The test allowed blood banks ... Millman and Blumberg found that the blood of individuals who carried the hepatitis B virus contained particles of the outside ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irving_Millman
*  Vaccine - Wikipedia
"Expression of hepatitis B surface antigen in transgenic banana plants". Planta. 222 (3): 484-493. doi:10.1007/s00425-005-1556-y ... Dendritic cell vaccines combine dendritic cells with antigens in order to present the antigens to the body's white blood cells ... hepatitis A, hepatitis B, polio, mumps, measles, rubella, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, HiB, chickenpox, rotavirus, influenza ... This presents the antigen in such a way as to produce a greater action than the simple aqueous tetanus toxoid. People who have ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaccine
*  Gold nanoparticles in chemotherapy - Wikipedia
Alipour, Elias (23 June 2013). "Gold nanoparticle based capacitive immunosensor for detection of hepatitis B surface antigen". ... Hepatitis B Prepared AuNPs-Hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA gene probes could be used to detect HBV DNA directly. The detection- ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gold_nanoparticles_in_chemotherapy
*  Hepatitis D - Wikipedia
This nuclear antigen was then thought to be a hepatitis B antigen and was called the delta antigen. Subsequent experiments in ... GB virus C Hepatitis A Hepatitis B, Hepatitis B Virus Hepatitis C, Hepatitis C Virus Hepatitis E, Hepatitis E Virus Makino S, ... Hepatitis D (hepatitis delta) is a disease caused by the hepatitis D virus (HDV), a small spherical enveloped virusoid. This is ... In combination with hepatitis B virus, hepatitis D has the highest fatality rate of all the hepatitis infections, at 20%. The ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hepatitis_D
*  Hep G2 - Wikipedia
Hepatitis B virus surface antigens have not been detected. HepG2 will respond to stimulation with human growth hormone.[ ... Sigma Aldrich Sales Page for Hep G2" ATCC Sales Page for Hep G2" Cellosaurus entry for Hep G2 Hep G2 is a hepatoblastoma- ... Hep G2 is a human liver cancer cell line. Hep G2 is a perpetual cell line which was derived from the liver tissue of a 15-year- ... Hep G2, American Type Culture Collection Ihrke, G; Neufeld, EB; Meads, T; et al. (1993). "WIF-B cells: an in vitro model for ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hep_G2
*  HBsAg - Wikipedia
HBsAg (also known as the Australia antigen) is the surface antigen of the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It indicates current ... Today, these antigen-proteins can be genetically manufactured (e.g. transgene E. coli) to produce material for a simple antigen ... "Positive hepatitis B surface antigen tests due to recent vaccination: a persistent problem". BMC Clinical Pathology. 12 (1): 15 ... The viral envelope of an enveloped virus has different surface proteins from the rest of the virus which act as antigens. These ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HBsAg
*  Vaccine-naive - Wikipedia
West, D. J.; Calandra, G. B. (1996). "Vaccine induced immunologic memory for hepatitis B surface antigen: implications for ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaccine-naive
*  HBcAg - Wikipedia
HBcAg (core antigen) is a hepatitis B viral protein. It is an indicator of active viral replication; this means the person ... May 2003). "New enzyme immunoassay for detection of hepatitis B virus core antigen (HBcAg) and relation between levels of HBcAg ... HBcAg is an antigen that can be found on the surface of the nucleocapsid core (the inner most layer of the hepatitis B virus). ... "In vivo inhibition of anti-hepatitis B virus core antigen (HBcAg) immunoglobulin G production by HBcAg-specific CD4(+) Th1-type ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HBcAg
*  Hepatitis C virus - Wikipedia
Walewski JL, Keller TR, Stump DD, Branch AD; Keller; Stump; Branch (2001). "Evidence for a new hepatitis C virus antigen ... Cancer virus HCV IRES Hepatitis C virus stem-loop VII Hepatitis C virus 3'X element Hepatitis C virus (HCV) cis-acting ... Unlike hepatitis A and B, there is currently no vaccine to prevent hepatitis C infection. The study of HCV has been hampered by ... Hepatitis C virus is the cause of hepatitis C and some cancers such as liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma, abbreviated HCC ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hepatitis_C_virus
*  Social history of viruses - Wikipedia
Blumberg BS, Sutnick AI, London WT, Millman I (1970). "Australia antigen and hepatitis". The New England Journal of Medicine. ... There are numerous causes, including viruses - particularly hepatitis A virus, hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus. ... Hepatitis A virus was discovered in 1974. The discovery of hepatitis B virus and the invention of tests to detect it have ... In the 1960s, the first virus that could cause hepatitis was discovered. This was hepatitis B virus, which was named after the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_history_of_viruses
*  EIF1 - Wikipedia
... hu-Sui1 may be a target of hepatitis B X antigen in hepatocarcinogenesis". Oncogene. 18 (9): 1677-87. doi:10.1038/sj.onc. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EIF1
*  Multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 - Wikipedia
February 2003). "Adefovir dipivoxil for the treatment of hepatitis B e antigen-positive chronic hepatitis B". N. Engl. J. Med. ... doi:10.1002/hep.510300617. PMID 10573531. St-Pierre MV, Serrano MA, Macias RI, et al. (2000). "Expression of members of the ... doi:10.1002/hep.510250635. PMID 9185779. Wada M, Toh S, Taniguchi K, et al. (1998). "Mutations in the canilicular multispecific ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multidrug_resistance-associated_protein_2
*  Adefovir - Wikipedia
February 2003). "Adefovir dipivoxil for the treatment of hepatitis B e antigen-positive chronic hepatitis B". N. Engl. J. Med. ... February 2008). "Long-term therapy with adefovir dipivoxil in hepatitis B e antigen-negative patients developing resistance to ... It is used for treatment of hepatitis B and herpes simplex virus infection. Trials of adefovir in patients with HIV have not ... FDA approval for use in the treatment of hepatitis B was granted on September 20, 2002, and adefovir is sold for this ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adefovir
*  Saliva testing - Wikipedia
2011). "Evaluation of saliva specimens as an alternative sampling method to detect hepatitis B surface antigen". J. Clin. Lab. ... Hepatitis C has also been identified using salivary detection methods. Yaari, et al., reported in 2006 that saliva testing for ... A 2011 study demonstrated that HBV surface antigen saliva testing using ELISA had a sensitivity and specificity of 93.6% and ... May 2011). "Importance of the cutoff ratio for detecting antibodies against hepatitis A virus in oral fluids by enzyme ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saliva_testing
*  Telbivudine - Wikipedia
4 December 2007). "Treatment of hepatitis B e antigen positive chronic hepatitis with telbivudine or adefovir: a randomized ... and the combination in patients with hepatitis B e antigen-positive chronic hepatitis B". Gastroenterology. 129 (2): 528-36. ... Telbivudine impairs hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA replication by leading to chain termination. It differs from the natural ... Telbivudine is an antiviral drug used in the treatment of hepatitis B infection. It is marketed by Swiss pharmaceutical company ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telbivudine
*  Nephrotic syndrome - Wikipedia
... certain antigens present during hepatitis can accumulate in the kidneys and damage them. Sjögren's syndrome: this autoimmune ... HIV: the virus' antigens provoke an obstruction in the glomerular capillary's lumen that alters normal kidney function. ... Syphilis: kidney damage can occur during the secondary stage of this disease (between 2 and 8 weeks from onset). Hepatitis B: ... Liver failure caused by cirrhosis, hepatitis and other conditions such as alcoholism, IV drug use or some hereditary diseases ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nephrotic_syndrome
*  Hepatitis B virus precore mutant - Wikipedia
... but hepatitis B e antigen (HbeAg) is absent. The X gene codes for HBxAg. The product of the X gene is hepatitis B x antigen ( ... A precore mutant is a variety of hepatitis B virus that does not produce hepatitis B virus e antigen (HBeAg). These mutants are ... doi:10.1002/hep.25636. PMID 22307831. Cleveland Clinic CME hepatitis B Retrieved 15 March 2013 Tacke F, Gehrke C, Luedde T, ... core promoter mutants limits the probability of response to peginterferon in hepatitis B e antigen-positive chronic hepatitis B ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hepatitis_B_virus_precore_mutant
*  TCEA1 - Wikipedia
... hepatitis delta antigen, and stimulatory factor II". J. Biol. Chem. 278 (50): 50101-11. doi:10.1074/jbc.M307590200. PMID ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TCEA1
*  HLA A1-B8-DR3-DQ2 - Wikipedia
December 1993). "Human leukocyte antigen A1-B8-DR3-DQ2-DPB1*0401 extended haplotype in autoimmune hepatitis". Hepatology. 18 (6 ... September 2006). "Genetic association of autoimmune hepatitis and human leucocyte antigen in German patients". World J. ... human leukocyte antigens DR4 and A1-B8-DR3 are independent risk factors". Hepatology. 13 (4): 701-6. doi:10.1002/hep.1840130415 ... C4A-null and TNF may associated with autoimmune hepatitis The appearance of anti-nuclear antibodies in autoimmune hepatitis was ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HLA_A1-B8-DR3-DQ2
*  DNA vaccination - Wikipedia
... such as the hepatitis B surface antigen). They can generate TH and antibody responses, but not killer T cell responses. DNA ... The antigen-presenting cell then travels to the lymph nodes and presents the antigen peptide and costimulatory molecule ... This is true for intracellular and plasma membrane-bound antigens, but not for secreted antigens, which seem to generate TH2 ... Secreted or plasma membrane-bound antigens are more effective at inducing antibody responses than cytosolic antigens, while ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DNA_vaccination