*  Xylose metabolism - Wikipedia
D-xylulose is then phosphorylated to D-xylulose-5-phosphate as in the oxido-reductase pathway. At equilibrium, the isomerase ... Xylitol is then oxidized to D-xylulose by XDH, using the cofactor NAD. In the last step D-xylulose is phosphorylated by an ATP ... This pathway is also called the "Xylose Reductase-Xylitol Dehydrogenase" or XR-XDH pathway. Xylose reductase (XR) and xylitol ... D-xylulose because the conversion of xylose to xylulose is energetically unfavorable. The Weimberg pathway is an oxidative ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xylose_metabolism
*  Identification of novel metabolic interactions controlling carbon flux from xylose to ethanol in natural and recombinant yeasts...
H-dependent xylose reductase (XR) and an NAD+-specific xylitol dehydrogenase (XDH) (Fig. 1). Resultant xylulose is converted ... 1 for the isomerization of xylose into xylulose [ΔG r = −RTln(K eqXR Haldane K eqXDH Haldane ] or ΔG r = −RTln(K eqXR exp K ... Similarly, a reported K m,xylulose for ScXK and the set of kinetic parameters reported for ScPGI were used. For lumped ... Induction of aldose reductase and xylitol dehydrogenase activities in Candida tenuis CBS 4435. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1997;149(1 ...
  https://biotechnologyforbiofuels.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13068-015-0340-x
*  Non-mevalonate pathway - Wikipedia
The classical mevalonate pathway or HMG-CoA reductase pathway is a metabolic pathway from the biosynthesis of isoprenoid ... Lichtenthaler H (1999). "The 1-Deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate pathway of isoprenoid biosynthesis in plants". Annu Rev Plant ... pathway-also appearing as the mevalonate-independent pathway and the 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate/1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5- ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-mevalonate_pathway
*  A candidate gene association study on muscat flavor in grapevine (Vitis viniferaL.) | BMC Plant Biology | Full Text
1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate reductoisomerase. HDR : 1-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(E)-butenyl 4-diphosphate reductase ... Identification of class 2 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate synthase and 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate reductoisomerase genes ... Xiang S, Usunow G, Lange G, Busch M, Tong L: Crystal structure of 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate synthase, a crucial enzyme for ... Hahn FM, Eubanks LM, Testa CA, Blagg BSJ, Baker JA, Poulter CD: 1-Deoxy-D-Xylulose 5-Phosphate Synthase, the Gene Product of ...
  https://bmcplantbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2229-10-241
*  KEGG SSDB Paralog Search Result: ade:Adeh 4160
ade:Adeh_1070 short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase SDR K16066 254 101 ( -) 29 0.305 213 -, ade:Adeh_2162 23S rRNA m(1)G-748 ... ade:Adeh_3583 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate reductoiso K00099 407 101 ( -) 29 0.320 172 -, ade:Adeh_3737 hypothetical protein ... ade:Adeh_4164 CoB--CoM heterodisulfide reductase subuni K03388 632 151 ( -) 40 0.298 258 -, ade:Adeh_0856 PDZ/DHR/GLGF 312 150 ... ade:Adeh_2484 ribonucleotide reductase large subunit K00525 595 108 ( -) 30 0.310 268 -, ade:Adeh_2898 NAD-dependent epimerase/ ...
  http://www.kegg.jp/ssdb-bin/ssdb_paralog?org_gene=ade:Adeh_4160
*  Microbial and Bioconversion Production of D-xylitol and Its Detection and Application
Some strains of yeast could metabolize D-xylulose to xylulose-5-phosphate by xylulokinase (EC 2.7.1.17) (XK). Xylulose-5- ... Demonstration of D-xylose reductase and xylitol dehydrogenase in Pachysolen tannophilus. Biotechnol. Lett. 1982;4:607-10 ... Izumori K, Tuzaki K. Production of xylitol from D-xylulose by Mycobacterium smegmatis. J Ferment. Technol. 1988;66:33-6 ... In 1991, xylose reductase gene (XYL1) cloned from Pichia stititis CBS 6054 was transformed into S. cerevisiae under the control ...
  http://www.ijbs.com/v06p0834.htm
*  KEGG PATHWAY: Methane metabolism - Burkholderia pseudomallei 1710b
... and xylulose monophosphate pathway [MD:M00344]. The first two pathways are found in prokaryotes and the third is found in yeast ... Coenzyme B-Coenzyme M heterodisulfide reductase (Hdr), requiring for the final reaction steps of methanogenic pathway, is ...
  http://www.genome.jp/kegg-bin/show_pathway?bpm00680+BURPS1710b_A1340
*  KEGG PATHWAY: Methane metabolism
... and xylulose monophosphate pathway [MD:M00344]. The first two pathways are found in prokaryotes and the third is found in yeast ... Coenzyme B-Coenzyme M heterodisulfide reductase (Hdr), requiring for the final reaction steps of methanogenic pathway, is ...
  http://www.genome.jp/kegg-bin/show_pathway?ko00680+M00345
*  KEGG PATHWAY: Methane metabolism - Salmonella enterica subsp. arizonae
... and xylulose monophosphate pathway [MD:M00344]. The first two pathways are found in prokaryotes and the third is found in yeast ... Coenzyme B-Coenzyme M heterodisulfide reductase (Hdr), requiring for the final reaction steps of methanogenic pathway, is ...
  http://www.genome.jp/kegg-bin/show_pathway?ses00680+SARI_03545
*  KEGG PATHWAY: Methane metabolism - Neisseria meningitidis FAM18 (serogroup C)
... and xylulose monophosphate pathway [MD:M00344]. The first two pathways are found in prokaryotes and the third is found in yeast ... Coenzyme B-Coenzyme M heterodisulfide reductase (Hdr), requiring for the final reaction steps of methanogenic pathway, is ...
  http://www.genome.jp/kegg-bin/show_pathway?nmc00680+NMC2042
*  KEGG PATHWAY: Methane metabolism - Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar El Tor N16961
... and xylulose monophosphate pathway [MD:M00344]. The first two pathways are found in prokaryotes and the third is found in yeast ... Coenzyme B-Coenzyme M heterodisulfide reductase (Hdr), requiring for the final reaction steps of methanogenic pathway, is ...
  http://www.genome.jp/kegg-bin/show_pathway?vch00680+VC0298
*  KEGG PATHWAY: Methane metabolism - Mannheimia haemolytica USDA-ARS-USMARC-183
... and xylulose monophosphate pathway [MD:M00344]. The first two pathways are found in prokaryotes and the third is found in yeast ... Coenzyme B-Coenzyme M heterodisulfide reductase (Hdr), requiring for the final reaction steps of methanogenic pathway, is ...
  http://www.genome.jp/kegg-bin/show_pathway?mhq00680+D650_9940
*  KEGG PATHWAY: Methane metabolism - Escherichia coli O103:H2 12009 (EHEC)
... and xylulose monophosphate pathway [MD:M00344]. The first two pathways are found in prokaryotes and the third is found in yeast ... Coenzyme B-Coenzyme M heterodisulfide reductase (Hdr), requiring for the final reaction steps of methanogenic pathway, is ...
  http://www.genome.jp/kegg-bin/show_pathway?eoh00680+ECO103_4712
*  KEGG PATHWAY: Methane metabolism - Escherichia coli K-12 MG1655
... and xylulose monophosphate pathway [MD:M00344]. The first two pathways are found in prokaryotes and the third is found in yeast ... Coenzyme B-Coenzyme M heterodisulfide reductase (Hdr), requiring for the final reaction steps of methanogenic pathway, is ...
  http://www.genome.jp/kegg-bin/show_pathway?eco00680
*  Pentose phosphate pathway - Wikipedia
It reduces glutathione via glutathione reductase, which converts reactive H2O2 into H2O by glutathione peroxidase. If absent, ... 2 xylulose-5-phosphate → 2 fructose-6-phosphate + glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate The intermediates of pentose phosphate pathway ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pentose_phosphate_pathway
*  Carotenoid - Wikipedia
HMBDP is reduced to IPP in the presence of ferredoxin and NADPH by the enzyme HMBDP reductase. The last two steps involving ... Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and pyruvate, intermediates of photosynthesis, are converted to deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate (DXP) ... HMBPD synthase and reductase can only occur in completely anaerobic environments. IPP is then able to isomerize to DMAPP via ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carotenoid
*  Phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (decarboxylating) - Wikipedia
Since NADPH is required by both thioredoxin reductase and glutathione reductase to reduce oxidized thioredoxin and ... Isolation of beta-keto-L-gluconic acid, an intermediate in L-xylulose biosynthesis". J. Biol. Chem. 236: 2975-2980. Scott DBM; ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phosphogluconate_dehydrogenase_(decarboxylating)
*  Steroid - Wikipedia
The mevalonate pathway (also called HMG-CoA reductase pathway) begins with acetyl-CoA and ends with dimethylallyl pyrophosphate ... non-primary source needed] Lichtenthaler HK (Jun 1999). "The 1-deoxy-d-xylulose-5-phosphate pathway of isoprenoid biosynthesis ... 5α-Reductase and 3α-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase. Steroids are primarily oxidized by cytochrome P450 oxidase enzymes, such as ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steroid
*  List of EC numbers (EC 2) - Wikipedia
1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate synthase EC 2.2.1.8: fluorothreonine transaldolase EC 2.2.1.9: 2-succinyl-5-enolpyruvyl-6- ... NAD+-dinitrogen-reductase ADP-D-ribosyltransferase EC 2.4.2.38: glycoprotein 2-b-D-xylosyltransferase EC 2.4.2.39: xyloglucan 6 ... reductase kinase) kinase EC 2.7.11.4: (3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring)) kinase EC 2.7.11.5: ( ... hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)) kinase EC 2.7.11.32: (pyruvate, phosphate dikinase) kinase EC 2.7.11.33: (pyruvate ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_EC_numbers_(EC_2)
*  Metabolism - Wikipedia
This reduced form of the coenzyme is then a substrate for any of the reductases in the cell that need to reduce their ... Lichtenthaler H (1999). "The 1-Ddeoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate pathway of isoprenoid biosynthesis in plants". Annu Rev Plant ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metabolism
*  Inositol oxygenase - Wikipedia
In the kidney, MIOX converts myo-inositol to glucuronic acid which is then able to enter the glucuronate-xylulose pathway for ... the MIOX protein fold diverges from that of other non-heme di-iron oxygenases including ribonucleotide reductase and soluble ... the predominant role of the glucuronate-xylulose-pentose phosphate pathway". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 165 (2 ... conversion to xylulose-5-phosphate. This product can then easily enter the pentose phosphate pathway. Hence, MIOX enables the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inositol_oxygenase
*  Pentosuria - Wikipedia
It is associated with a deficiency of L-xylulose reductase, necessary for xylitol metabolism. L-Xylulose is a reducing sugar, ... L-xylulose reductase, contained in red blood cells, is composed of both a major and minor isozyme. For those diagnosed with ... Lane, A.B. (February 1984). "On the Nature of L-Xylulose Reductase Deficiency in Essential Pentosuria". Biochemical Genetics. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pentosuria
*  List of MeSH codes (D08) - Wikipedia
... aldehyde reductase MeSH D08.811.682.047.150.700.237 --- d-xylulose reductase MeSH D08.811.682.047.150.700.400 --- ... gmp reductase MeSH D08.811.682.655.500 --- nitrate reductases MeSH D08.811.682.655.500.124 --- nitrate reductase MeSH D08.811. ... 682.655.500.200 --- nitrate reductase (nadh) MeSH D08.811.682.655.500.249 --- nitrate reductase (nad(p)h) MeSH D08.811.682.655. ... reductase (nadh) MeSH D08.811.682.660.390 --- enoyl-(acyl-carrier protein) reductase (nadph, b-specific) MeSH D08.811.682.660. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_MeSH_codes_(D08)
*  Xylulose - Wikipedia
L-Xylulose accumulates in the urine in patients with pentosuria, due to a deficiency in L-xylulose reductase. Since L-xylulose ... Xylulose is a ketopentose, a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including a ketone functional group. It has the ... Data is for L-xylulose. Merck Index, 11th Edition, 9996.. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xylulose