*  Xylose metabolism - Wikipedia
D-xylulose is then phosphorylated to D-xylulose-5-phosphate as in the oxido-reductase pathway. At equilibrium, the isomerase ... Xylitol is then oxidized to D-xylulose by XDH, using the cofactor NAD. In the last step D-xylulose is phosphorylated by an ATP ... This pathway is also called the "Xylose Reductase-Xylitol Dehydrogenase" or XR-XDH pathway. Xylose reductase (XR) and xylitol ... D-xylulose because the conversion of xylose to xylulose is energetically unfavorable. The Weimberg pathway is an oxidative ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xylose_metabolism
*  KEGG PATHWAY: Methane metabolism - Burkholderia pseudomallei 1710b
... and xylulose monophosphate pathway [MD:M00344]. The first two pathways are found in prokaryotes and the third is found in yeast ... Coenzyme B-Coenzyme M heterodisulfide reductase (Hdr), requiring for the final reaction steps of methanogenic pathway, is ...
  http://www.genome.jp/kegg-bin/show_pathway?bpm00680+BURPS1710b_A1340
*  KEGG PATHWAY: Methane metabolism
... and xylulose monophosphate pathway [MD:M00344]. The first two pathways are found in prokaryotes and the third is found in yeast ... Coenzyme B-Coenzyme M heterodisulfide reductase (Hdr), requiring for the final reaction steps of methanogenic pathway, is ...
  http://www.genome.jp/kegg-bin/show_pathway?ko00680+M00345
*  KEGG PATHWAY: Methane metabolism - Salmonella enterica subsp. arizonae
... and xylulose monophosphate pathway [MD:M00344]. The first two pathways are found in prokaryotes and the third is found in yeast ... Coenzyme B-Coenzyme M heterodisulfide reductase (Hdr), requiring for the final reaction steps of methanogenic pathway, is ...
  http://www.genome.jp/kegg-bin/show_pathway?ses00680+SARI_03545
*  KEGG PATHWAY: Methane metabolism - Neisseria meningitidis FAM18 (serogroup C)
... and xylulose monophosphate pathway [MD:M00344]. The first two pathways are found in prokaryotes and the third is found in yeast ... Coenzyme B-Coenzyme M heterodisulfide reductase (Hdr), requiring for the final reaction steps of methanogenic pathway, is ...
  http://www.genome.jp/kegg-bin/show_pathway?nmc00680+NMC2042
*  KEGG PATHWAY: Methane metabolism - Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar El Tor N16961
... and xylulose monophosphate pathway [MD:M00344]. The first two pathways are found in prokaryotes and the third is found in yeast ... Coenzyme B-Coenzyme M heterodisulfide reductase (Hdr), requiring for the final reaction steps of methanogenic pathway, is ...
  http://www.genome.jp/kegg-bin/show_pathway?vch00680+VC0298
*  KEGG PATHWAY: Methane metabolism - Mannheimia haemolytica USDA-ARS-USMARC-183
... and xylulose monophosphate pathway [MD:M00344]. The first two pathways are found in prokaryotes and the third is found in yeast ... Coenzyme B-Coenzyme M heterodisulfide reductase (Hdr), requiring for the final reaction steps of methanogenic pathway, is ...
  http://www.genome.jp/kegg-bin/show_pathway?mhq00680+D650_9940
*  KEGG PATHWAY: Methane metabolism - Escherichia coli O103:H2 12009 (EHEC)
... and xylulose monophosphate pathway [MD:M00344]. The first two pathways are found in prokaryotes and the third is found in yeast ... Coenzyme B-Coenzyme M heterodisulfide reductase (Hdr), requiring for the final reaction steps of methanogenic pathway, is ...
  http://www.genome.jp/kegg-bin/show_pathway?eoh00680+ECO103_4712
*  KEGG PATHWAY: Methane metabolism - Escherichia coli K-12 MG1655
... and xylulose monophosphate pathway [MD:M00344]. The first two pathways are found in prokaryotes and the third is found in yeast ... Coenzyme B-Coenzyme M heterodisulfide reductase (Hdr), requiring for the final reaction steps of methanogenic pathway, is ...
  http://www.genome.jp/kegg-bin/show_pathway?eco00680
*  KEGG PATHWAY: Methane metabolism - Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris 8004
... and xylulose monophosphate pathway [MD:M00344]. The first two pathways are found in prokaryotes and the third is found in yeast ... Coenzyme B-Coenzyme M heterodisulfide reductase (Hdr), requiring for the final reaction steps of methanogenic pathway, is ...
  http://www.genome.jp/kegg-bin/show_pathway?xcb00680+XC_4037
*  Inositol oxygenase - Wikipedia
In the kidney, MIOX converts myo-inositol to glucuronic acid which is then able to enter the glucuronate-xylulose pathway for ... the MIOX protein fold diverges from that of other non-heme di-iron oxygenases including ribonucleotide reductase and soluble ... the predominant role of the glucuronate-xylulose-pentose phosphate pathway". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 165 (2 ... conversion to xylulose-5-phosphate. This product can then easily enter the pentose phosphate pathway. Hence, MIOX enables the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inositol_oxygenase
*  Non-mevalonate pathway - Wikipedia
The classical mevalonate pathway or HMG-CoA reductase pathway is a metabolic pathway from the biosynthesis of isoprenoid ... Lichtenthaler H (1999). "The 1-Deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate pathway of isoprenoid biosynthesis in plants". Annu Rev Plant ... pathway-also appearing as the mevalonate-independent pathway and the 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate/1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5- ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-mevalonate_pathway
*  Pentose phosphate pathway - Wikipedia
It reduces glutathione via glutathione reductase, which converts reactive H2O2 into H2O by glutathione peroxidase. If absent, ... 2 xylulose-5-phosphate → 2 fructose-6-phosphate + glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate The intermediates of pentose phosphate pathway ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pentose_phosphate_pathway
*  Carotenoid - Wikipedia
HMBDP is reduced to IPP in the presence of ferredoxin and NADPH by the enzyme HMBDP reductase. The last two steps involving ... Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and pyruvate, intermediates of photosynthesis, are converted to deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate (DXP) ... HMBPD synthase and reductase can only occur in completely anaerobic environments. IPP is then able to isomerize to DMAPP via ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carotenoid
*  Phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (decarboxylating) - Wikipedia
Since NADPH is required by both thioredoxin reductase and glutathione reductase to reduce oxidized thioredoxin and ... Isolation of beta-keto-L-gluconic acid, an intermediate in L-xylulose biosynthesis". J. Biol. Chem. 236: 2975-2980. Scott DBM; ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phosphogluconate_dehydrogenase_(decarboxylating)
*  Steroid - Wikipedia
The mevalonate pathway (also called HMG-CoA reductase pathway) begins with acetyl-CoA and ends with dimethylallyl pyrophosphate ... non-primary source needed] Lichtenthaler HK (Jun 1999). "The 1-deoxy-d-xylulose-5-phosphate pathway of isoprenoid biosynthesis ... 5α-Reductase and 3α-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase. Steroids are primarily oxidized by cytochrome P450 oxidase enzymes, such as ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steroid
*  List of EC numbers (EC 2) - Wikipedia
1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate synthase EC 2.2.1.8: fluorothreonine transaldolase EC 2.2.1.9: 2-succinyl-5-enolpyruvyl-6- ... NAD+-dinitrogen-reductase ADP-D-ribosyltransferase EC 2.4.2.38: glycoprotein 2-b-D-xylosyltransferase EC 2.4.2.39: xyloglucan 6 ... reductase kinase) kinase EC 2.7.11.4: (3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring)) kinase EC 2.7.11.5: ( ... hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)) kinase EC 2.7.11.32: (pyruvate, phosphate dikinase) kinase EC 2.7.11.33: (pyruvate ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_EC_numbers_(EC_2)
*  Metabolism - Wikipedia
This reduced form of the coenzyme is then a substrate for any of the reductases in the cell that need to reduce their ... Lichtenthaler H (1999). "The 1-Ddeoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate pathway of isoprenoid biosynthesis in plants". Annu Rev Plant ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metabolism
*  Pentosuria - Wikipedia
It is associated with a deficiency of L-xylulose reductase, necessary for xylitol metabolism. L-Xylulose is a reducing sugar, ... L-xylulose reductase, contained in red blood cells, is composed of both a major and minor isozyme. For those diagnosed with ... Lane, A.B. (February 1984). "On the Nature of L-Xylulose Reductase Deficiency in Essential Pentosuria". Biochemical Genetics. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pentosuria
*  List of MeSH codes (D08) - Wikipedia
... aldehyde reductase MeSH D08.811.682.047.150.700.237 --- d-xylulose reductase MeSH D08.811.682.047.150.700.400 --- ... gmp reductase MeSH D08.811.682.655.500 --- nitrate reductases MeSH D08.811.682.655.500.124 --- nitrate reductase MeSH D08.811. ... 682.655.500.200 --- nitrate reductase (nadh) MeSH D08.811.682.655.500.249 --- nitrate reductase (nad(p)h) MeSH D08.811.682.655. ... reductase (nadh) MeSH D08.811.682.660.390 --- enoyl-(acyl-carrier protein) reductase (nadph, b-specific) MeSH D08.811.682.660. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_MeSH_codes_(D08)
*  Xylulose - Wikipedia
L-Xylulose accumulates in the urine in patients with pentosuria, due to a deficiency in L-xylulose reductase. Since L-xylulose ... Xylulose is a ketopentose, a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including a ketone functional group. It has the ... Data is for L-xylulose. Merck Index, 11th Edition, 9996.. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xylulose