*  Angola / Africa / Member countries / Internet / Home - INTERPOL
With a staff of 20, the NCB's main function is to promote the exchange of criminal information with INTERPOL member countries ... As part of the National Criminal Investigation Directorate, the INTERPOL National Central Bureau (NCB) for Angola is a ...
  https://www.interpol.int/en/Member-countries/Africa/Angola
*  NIDA Notes Articles: Risky Behavior | National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Reports study findings that show young people who have gotten into trouble with the criminal justice system report high rates ...
  https://www.drugabuse.gov/news-events/nida-notes/articles/term/205/risky-behavior/date?combine=&page=1
*  Yemen: Hundreds Unlawfully Arrested in Rebel Conflict | Human Rights Watch
... and regular criminal investigation departments - have arrested several hundred persons without warrant and failed to charge ... them with any criminal offense. The Huthi rebels began as the Zaidi Shi'a religious revivalist movement, the Believing Youth, ...
  https://www.hrw.org/news/2008/10/24/yemen-hundreds-unlawfully-arrested-rebel-conflict
*  Items where Author is Boduszek, Daniel - University of Huddersfield Repository
The Role of Criminal Social Identity in the Relationship between Criminal Friends and Criminal Thinking Style within a Sample ... The mediating role of criminal social identity in the relationship between criminal friends and criminal thinking style within ... The Mediating Role of Criminal Social Identity in the Relationship between Criminal Friends and Criminal Thinking Style within ... An empirical investigation of mediating role of criminal friends in relationship between criminal attitudes and criminal ...
  http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/view/authors_id/14860.creators_name.html
*  Champion - Of Ballparks and Jail Yards: Pumping Up the War on Steroids
Practitioners in the criminal courts should take heed that new developments in federal legislation and tougher criminal ...
  https://www.nacdl.org/champion.aspx?id=925
*  How Are Therapeutic Communities Integrated into the Criminal Justice System? | National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
How Are Therapeutic Communities Integrated into the Criminal Justice System? More than half of U.S. prison inmates meet the ... Home » Publications » Research Reports » Therapeutic Communities » How Are Therapeutic Communities Integrated into the Criminal ... Integrating SUD treatment with criminal justice has been found to reduce recidivism and to be a cost-effective way to decrease ... How Are Therapeutic Communities Integrated into the Criminal Justice System? *How Are Therapeutic Communities Adapting to the ...
  https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/therapeutic-communities/how-are-therapeutic-communities-integrated-criminal-justice-system
*  Law Enforcement: This Week's Corrupt Cops Stories | StoptheDrugWar.org
I don't have a criminal record, I'm not a criminal. I do however, get singled out of every crowd as a troublemaker simply ... Criminal JusticeAsset Forfeiture, Collateral Sanctions (College Aid, Drug Taxes, Housing, Welfare), Court Rulings, Drug Courts ... When those entrusted with law enforcement can no longer be trusted, they are the criminals. But you see, no matter how right ... and the real criminal walked. I should have shot him. No longer will I call the police. The last three times I have, I've been ...
  https://stopthedrugwar.org/chronicle/2007/jun/14/law_enforcement_weeks_corrupt_co
*  Open Rights Group - Update on the Home Secretary's social media 'riot summit'
... and the networks can build on the existing relationships and cooperation to crack down on the networks being used for criminal ... had discussed how far the networks might be willing to bend privacy rules to assist the police in pursuing online criminal ...
  https://www.openrightsgroup.org/blog/2011/update-on-the-home-secretarys-social-media-riot-summit
*  Protecting personal information in the era of identity theft: Just how safe is our personal information from identity thieves?
... criminal networks are using cyberspace3 to commit new criminal behaviours against gullible and vulnerable computer users who ... to evade criminal sanctions or apprehension by posing as another person (criminal identity theft) or to fraudulently obtain ... with computer systems and programmes by criminal elements. It should be noted that the term "criminals" refers to persons who ... 60 See s 51 read with Part 11 of Schedule 2 of the Criminal Law Amendment Act 105 of 1997. 61 For more information, see the ...
  http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1727-37812015000200003&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  Catalogue Index - Nonverbal Body Language Dictionary
Aaron Sell is the Undergraduate Program Director (Mount Gravatt Campus), School of Criminology and Criminal Justice and Senior ... Lecturer, School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Griffith University. His research focuses on anger and its evolution. One ...
  http://bodylanguageproject.com/nonverbal-dictionary/
*  Opinio Juris October 2016 Archives - Opinio Juris
UPDATE: The International Criminal Court has issued this statement:. It is with great sadness that the International Criminal ... The International Criminal Court in The Hague, has been making the headlines in quick succession. In September it became ... For although international criminal law has a symbolic capacity to stigmatise violent behaviour, it does not have the capacity ... The Re-branding of the International Criminal Court (and Why African States Are Not Falling For It). by Christine Schwobel ...
  http://opiniojuris.org/2016/10/
*  Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1997/Title I - Wikisource,...
For an additional amount for expenses of the Criminal Division relating to terrorism, $1,719,000: Provided, That the entire ... a criminal or civil matter, or for other similar special circumstances, for Federal, State, and local taxes heretofore and ... or investigate crime or the prosecution of criminals: Provided, That no funds provided under this heading may be used as ... be used for payments for the incarceration of criminal aliens:. Provided further, That beginning in fiscal year 1999, and ...
  https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Child_Pornography_Prevention_Act_of_1996
*  Stranger in Moscow - Wikipedia
Along with "Shake Your Body (Down To The Ground)", "Billie Jean", and "Smooth Criminal", it was one of the songs where Jackson ... Although never charged with a crime, Jackson was subject to intense media scrutiny while the criminal investigation took place ... accepting stories of Jackson's alleged criminal activity in return for money, accepting leaked material from the police ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stranger_in_Moscow
*  Abstracts Database - National Criminal Justice Reference Service
This overdose reporting system, called the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP), was developed by the Washington/Baltimore High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (HIDTA), with support from the Office of National Drug Control Policy. ODMAP sends geocoded event information to a secure server, where it is mapped and made available for viewing by participating agencies. Users are able to sort events by date, time, and location in identifying drug overdose spikes. This service can be used on a smart phone, iPad, mobile terminal in a patrol car, or by a fire or paramedic unit. Berkeley County, West Virginia, is one of the counties that participated in the pilot phase and is using the technology. Kevin Knowles, community recovery services coordinator for the county, reported he is pleased with how rapidly information can be gleaned through the system. Previously, data for the prior month would not be available until 2 weeks into the current month. ODMAP shows spikes in overdoses within ...
  https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/abstractdb/AbstractDBDetails.aspx?id=273104
*  Abstracts Database - National Criminal Justice Reference Service
The GJJAC was established to implement provisions of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974. To this end, the GJJAC focuses on removing nonoffending youths and status offenders from locked facilities, ensuring complete separation of youth from adult offenders in jails and lockups, eliminating juvenile confinement in adult jails and lockups, and assessing minority youth overrepresentation in the juvenile justice system. The GJJAC is concerned about the increasing number of juvenile arrests for drug and alcohol offenses, juvenile delinquency prevention, and transitional services for juvenile offenders. The 1994 report of the GJJAC notes that Washington has 1.3 million juveniles 17 years of age and younger and that nonwhite youth comprise about 18 percent of the State's population. Dropout rates for African American, Native American, and Hispanic youth are about 2 to 2.5 times the dropout rate for youth of all races. In addition, there has been a steady increase in the number ...
  https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/abstractdb/AbstractDBDetails.aspx?id=154774
*  Abstracts Database - National Criminal Justice Reference Service
Latinos are now the largest minority in the United States and also display a greater need for alcohol and illicit drug treatment services than Whites and African-Americans. Previous research has indicated that Latinos and Native Americans have the highest rates of alcohol and illicit drug use in the Nation and that this trend begins during early adolescence. Following a description of the geographic distribution of the Latino population in the United States, the authors present research concerning the prevalence and consequences of substance use among Latinos. The factors that contribute to substance abuse among this population are likewise reviewed, including individual, family, peer group, cultural, and communal factors. The authors also offer a critical analysis of the drug prevention education and treatment programs that are designed to address the specific needs of Latino populations and discuss the role of social workers in the prevention of substance abuse, with a specific focus on the ...
  https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/abstractdb/AbstractDBDetails.aspx?id=232992
*  NCJRS Abstract - National Criminal Justice Reference Service
The subjects were mostly recidivists, men who either had previous records of sexual assault or who admitted to similar prior offenses for which they had not been caught. Of these subjects, 170 had sexually assaulted adult victims, while 178 had victimized children. Data pertaining to sexual trauma in the life histories of these men were retrieved through interviews with subjects and/or a study of their clinical records. A comparison group of 62 male law enforcement officers was administered an anonymous questionnaire regarding sexual trauma witnessed or experienced in childhood that was emotionally upsetting or disturbing. Evidence of some form of sexual trauma during their developmental years (ages 1 through 15) was found in the life histories of 31 percent of the offenders, while only 3 percent of the control group reported similar experiences. The predominant type of trauma experienced by child molesters was a forcible sexual assault, whereas for rapists the abuse had taken the form of being ...
  https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/Abstract.aspx?id=72986
*  Abstracts Database - National Criminal Justice Reference Service
Overall, this study provides information on bacterial communities associated with different life stages of Lucilia and their horizontal and trans-generational transmission, which may help in the development of better vector-borne disease management and MDT methods. Lucilia Robineau-Desvoidy (Diptera: Calliphoridae) is a blow fly genus of forensic, medical, veterinary, and agricultural importance. This genus is also famous because of its beneficial uses in maggot debridement therapy (MDT). Although the genus is of considerable economic importance, our knowledge about microbes associated with these flies and how these bacteria are horizontally and trans-generationally transmitted is limited. Results from the current study suggest that the majority of bacteria associated with these flies belong to phyla Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, and Bacteroidetes, and most bacteria are maintained intragenerationally, with a considerable degree of turnover from generation to generation. In both species, ...
  https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/abstractdb/AbstractDBDetails.aspx?id=271425
*  NCJRS Abstract - National Criminal Justice Reference Service
The research involved the use of devices that measured fatigue and simulated various tasks performed by police officers while fatigued. The simulations compared the performance of officers in critical tasks when fatigued and under healthy conditions of rest and alertness. The research concluded that officers are almost always operating with some degree of fatigue, which adversely impacts critical decisions such as when to use deadly force and driving reflexes and alertness. The testing showed that fatigue could adversely impact driving skills, reflexes, and alertness in much the same way as alcohol and some drugs. These researchers view the prevalence and effects of fatigue among police officers as a threat to the safety of those with whom the officers interact as well as the officers themselves. These research findings led the researchers to the conclusion that countering fatigue among law enforcement officers should be a top priority in organizational training, work scheduling, and physical ...
  https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/Abstract.aspx?ID=273108
*  Abstracts Database - National Criminal Justice Reference Service
The reported evaluation found that an adaptation of the program that was effective with high school students did not reduce dating violence generally among middle school students; however, the program was beneficial for high-risk students, particularly those already involved in dating violence; and it reduced other types of negative behaviors, such as bullying, especially in schools where it was well implemented. The study concludes that additional research is needed to understand how to prevent dating violence among middle school students. The program evaluated is the "Fourth R: Strategies for Healthy Youth Relationships." It uses classes that focus on building healthy relationships and personal empowerment in attempting to decrease dating violence, bullying, sexual activity, and substance use. ...
  https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/abstractdb/AbstractDBDetails.aspx?id=272690
*  Abstracts Database - National Criminal Justice Reference Service
After reviewing New York State anti-stalking laws, this paper describes Safe Horizon's services to stalking victims, which are provided by a special anti-stalking unit. The anti-stalking training program assessed by the ASTEP involved instruction in stalking definitions, stalking typologies, stalker characteristics and their victims, the State's anti-stalking legislation, victimization issues, and safety planning. Training techniques included role playing and the discussion of stalking scenarios. ASTEP conducted pretests and posttests of trainees' knowledge and general perceptions of stalking, as well as the impact of the training on knowledge about New York's anti-stalking law and stalking in general. The training program was limited to a small, nonrandom sample of victim-services professionals who had varying levels of experience with stalking in a major metropolitan area. Although the trainees were familiar with stalking issues prior to the training, they benefited from information about ...
  https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/abstractdb/AbstractDBDetails.aspx?id=207184
*  Abstracts Database - National Criminal Justice Reference Service
Certain types of childhood abuse are associated with BPD, and they have been researched and documented among the psychiatric population. Two of the nine diagnostic criteria for BPD involve self-harm; this had already been noted in the research. The 77 psychiatric patients who participated in this study were in an acute-care psychiatry unit of an urban hospital. The patients were over 18 and cognitively intact. Researchers assessed childhood abuse (prior to age 15) by asking questions that required a yes or no response. Self-harm behavior was measured with a 22-item yes/no self-report questionnaire. The results showed that, with the exception of witnessing violence, childhood abuse was associated with BPD and self-harm behaviors. Furthermore, the more abuses experienced during childhood, the greater the number of self-harm behaviors inflicted. Yet, a finding requiring further study was that multiple forms of abuse did not inevitably result in more severe BPDs. Given the amount of money spent on ...
  https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/abstractdb/AbstractDBDetails.aspx?id=194771
*  Abstracts Database - National Criminal Justice Reference Service
The grants funded three projects. One was intended to improve the transitioning of individuals between prisons, jails, or juvenile detention facilities and the community. A second project was designed to increase access to mental health and other treatment services for offenders with mental illness or co-occurring mental health and substance-use disorders. The goal of a third project was to improve the treatment options for adult offenders during periods of incarceration, parole, or court-ordered supervision after release into the community. The objective of the audit was to determine whether reimbursements claimed for costs under the awards were allowable; supported; and in accordance with applicable laws, regulations, guidelines, and the terms and conditions of the awards. Program performance was also evaluated in terms of meeting award goals and objectives, as well as achievements. Overall, the audit determined that Beaver County did not fully comply with the grant requirements examined. In ...
  https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/abstractdb/AbstractDBDetails.aspx?id=271405
*  Abstracts Database - National Criminal Justice Reference Service
Approximately 17,150 State and Federal prisoners were living with HIV infection at the end of 2015. The rate of HIV among State and Federal prisoners in 2015 was 1,297 per 100,000 State and Federal prisoners. This was the lowest rate reported during the 25 years in which such data have been reported. In the most recent 5-year period, the number of male prisoners with HIV declined from an estimated 18,510 in 2010 to 15,920 in 2015. During the same period, the number of female prisoners with HIV declined from 1,780 to 1,220. Female prisoners experienced a larger percentage decline. The number of AIDS-related deaths among State prisoners fluctuated from 2010 to 2015 from a low of 45 (preliminary count) in 2015 to a high of 74 in 2012. Over the same period, the annual number of AIDS-related deaths among Federal prisoners has been less than 10, with one death reported in 2015. Between 2010 and 2015, in both number and rate, more male State prisoners than female prisoners and more non-Hispanic Black ...
  https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/abstractdb/AbstractDBDetails.aspx?id=272809
*  Abstracts Database - National Criminal Justice Reference Service
The readings are by authors from different academic disciplines, with different theoretical and ideological orientations, and with diverse ideas on the best ways to prevent and control juvenile delinquency in American society. Four papers pertain to the history and definitions of delinquency. They focus on the portrayal of the "stubborn" child as a deviant, the rise of the child-saving movement, and juvenile court law in Cook County (Illinois) in 1899. Four papers on the observation and measurement of delinquency consider the prevalence, incidence, rates, and other descriptive measures of delinquency; the accuracy of official and self-report measures of delinquency; and chronic offenders as missing cases in self-report delinquency research. The 10 papers on the distribution and correlates of delinquency pertain to age, sex, and versatility; race; class; family; school; peers; gangs; and drugs. The 31 papers on what causes delinquency and how it is controlled consider the interdependence of ...
  https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/abstractdb/AbstractDBDetails.aspx?id=188411