*  The Protean Toxicities of Lead: New Chapters in a Familiar Story

... "cognitive reserve" (operationalized as poorer reading achievement), suggesting that greater cognitive reserve protects against ... Impact of cognitive reserve on the relationship of lead exposure and neurobehavioral performance. Neurology. 2007;69:470-476. [ ... Adult Cognitive Function. Many of the studies evaluating the association between lead exposure and adult cognitive function ... Cumulative lead dose and cognitive function in older adults. Epidemiology. 2009;20:831-839. [PMC free article] [PubMed] ...

*  Biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease: ready for the next step

Early individual diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease using cortical thickness: impact of cognitive reserve. Brain. 2009 (in press ... supporting the notion that they have greater cognitive reserve. Davatzikos et al. (2009) identified a characteristic spatial ... Patterns of atrophy differ among specific subtypes of mild cognitive impairment. Arch Neurol. 2007;64:1130-8. [PMC free article ... Cerebrospinal fluid tau/beta-amyloid(42) ratio as a prediction of cognitive decline in nondemented older adults. Arch Neurol. ...

*  Cognitive epidemiology - Wikipedia

A Test of the Cognitive Reserve Hypothesis". American Journal of Psychiatry. 166 (1): 50-57. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2008.08030343 ... Their cognitive abilities may equip them with a better propensity for understanding the injury and health risks of certain ... Cognitive epidemiology is a field of research that examines the associations between intelligence test scores (IQ scores or ... Long term sick leave in adulthood has been shown to be related to lower cognitive abilities, as has likelihood of receiving a ...

*  Monolingualism - Wikipedia

Cognitive reserve refers to the idea that engaging in stimulating physical or mental activity maintains cognitive functioning ( ... It is believed that bilingualism contributes to cognitive reserve by preventing effects of cognitive delay and prolonging the ... To test whether or not bilingualism contributes to cognitive reserve, Bialystok et al. (2012) looked at hospital records among ... making the argument the bilingualism contributes to cognitive reserve even stronger (Bialystok et al., 2012). That finding ...

*  Neuroscience of multilingualism - Wikipedia

Multilingualism aids in the building up of cognitive reserves in the brain; these cognitive reserves force the brain to work ... This increase of cognitive reserve might be attributed to the increase of grey matter in bilingual individuals. Since bilingual ... an ischemic stroke have shown to have a better cognitive outcome which researchers believe is due to a higher cognitive reserve ... This is attributed again to the increase of grey matter since it is involved in cognitive control and higher cognitive ...

*  Ellen Bialystok - Wikipedia

These results support the hypothesis maintaining that bilingualism works as a contributor to cognitive reserve and acts as a ... Not only do these data support the notion of bilingualism contributing to cognitive reserve, thereby compensating for higher ... "Cognitive Development Research Lab". Bialystok, Ellen; Raluca Barac (March-April 2012). "Bilingual Effects on Cognitive and ... as their enhanced cognitive reserve brought about by bilingualism would allow a higher level of functioning than would usually ...

*  Menstruation doesn't change how your brain works | About memory

How cognitive reserve helps protect seniors from cognitive decline Data from the very large and long-running Cognitive Function ... It should be noted, however, that the cognitive testing wasn't exhaustive by any means - it's possible that other cognitive ... One of the few established cognitive differences between men and women lies in spatial ability. But in recent years, this 'fact ... Visuospatial working memory, attention, cognitive bias and hormone levels were assessed at four consecutive time-points across ...

*  Brain Structural Trajectories Over the Adult Lifespan - PDF

The Concept of Cognitive Reserve: A Catalyst for Research Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 1380-3395/03/ ... Cognitive Neuroscience Cognitive Neuroscience Exploring Brain/Behavior relations Neuroscience Psychology Cognitive Neuroscience ... Neurobiol Learn Mem 82: Squire LR (2009): Memory and brain systems: J Neurosci 29: Stern Y (2009): Cognitive reserve. ... Review TRENDS in Cognitive Sciences Vol.9 No.3 March 2005 Imaging the developing brain: what have we learned about cognitive ...

*  June « 2016 « CAAR E-Clippings

"Cognitive reserve may help protect against delirium," (Eurekalert [American Association for the Advancement of Science], June ... "Simple measures can reduce post-operative cognitive dysfunction in older patients" (Eurekalert [American Association for the ...

*  Crossword Puzzles May Help Keep the Brain Young

Indeed, it is plausible that playing word puzzles reflects a higher level of education helping building cognitive reserve. It ... Source: "The Relationship Between the Frequency of Word Puzzle Use and Cognitive Function in a Large Sample of Adults Aged 50 ... Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience at the University of Exeter Medical School and a study author. "For example, on test ...

*  NCIRE News and Events

Blood Test Predicts Cognitive Decline, and Cognitive Reserve Protects Against That Decline, Study Shows. January 10, 2011. ... Active Older Women Do Better On Cognitive Tests, Study Finds. October 16, 2008. Standard Tests May Miss Cognitive Decline in ... Training Improves Cognitive Functioning for Patients with Brain Injury. 2010 News. December 16, 2010. New Test Can Predict ... Sleep Apnea Linked to Cognitive Impairment in Older Women. 2007 News. December 19, 2007. NCIRE Announces Board of Directors ...

*  Ohio Arts Professionals Network : News & Events : Blog

Through the years, your brain's cognitive reserve-its ability to withstand neurological damage-diminishes. Like any other ...

*  Psychology of education - Wikipedia

Alexandria, VA: Human Resources Research Organization Richards, M., Sacker, A. (2003) Lifetime Antecedents of Cognitive Reserve ... In one study which measured around 70,000 children in the UK, they investigated how a general factor in the Cognitive Abilities ... Baltes, P., & Reinert, G. (1969). Cohort effects in cognitive development in children as revealed by cross sectional sequences ...

*  9781442220492 - Building an Ageless Mind

5: What is Cognitive Reserve and how important is it in maintaining a healthy brain? Section #2-Aging and Disease 6: ... Cognitive enhancements-Are there medications available that can affect my cognitive performance? What is the role of this type ... Introduction Section #1- Cognitive Stimulation 1: The Brain Age 2: What does the front of my brain do and why is it important ... Aging populations face many other issues involving cognitive decline. Building an Ageless Mind offers practical solutions, ...

*  Search

Our findings suggest that cognitive reserve may not protect preterm survivors against the complex web of risk factors affecting ... A test of the cognitive reserve hypothesis * Kathleen G. Dobson, Mark A. Ferro, Michael H. Boyle, Louis A. Schmidt, Saroj ... In general population samples, better childhood cognitive functioning is associated with decreased risk of depression in ... while enhanced early cognitive abilities improve them. However, little is known about the combined influence of these exposures ...

*  Research Publications - School of Psychology, Social Work and Social Policy - University of South Australia

Lavrencic, LM , Churches, OF & Keage, H 2017, 'Cognitive reserve is not associated with improved performance in all cognitive ... 2016). 'Social cognition is not associated with cognitive reserve in older adults', Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition, 23, ... 2016) 'Cerebrovascular and cognitive benefits of high-oleic peanut consumption in healthy overweight middle-aged adults', ... The Mediterranean diet and cognitive function among healthy older adults in a 6-month randomised controlled trial: the MedLey ...

*  People With More Education May Recover Better From Brain Injury | Vestibular Disorders Association

"Cognitive reserve might be one factor, but there are other issues that are ongoing that are equally persuasive as to why those ... He acknowledged that it's difficult to prove the cognitive reserve theory or its role in recovery from brain injury and disease ... We were pleased to see that the cognitive reserve theory might also be associated with outcomes in acute brain injuries." ... The research focused on how "cognitive reserve" -- the brain's ability to maintain function despite damage -- affects recovery ...

*  Frontotemporal dementia in children - New Doctor Insights

Sort of: When someone with dementia has an acute illness it taxes what cognitive reserves they have. So a cold will not change ... Dementia: Too wide to describe here, but u can google the word & get full description of causes of cognitive deficits. Summary ... Suggest you find a psychiatrist, geriatric specialist, or psychologist to assess your cognitive and emotional state, and if it ... Yes: Nutrition can impact development and expression of cognitive decline, especially if there are metabolic issues including ...

*  The brain and the kidney connection

If a patient's renal function is reduced by more than half, cognitive reserve is also likely depleted and should be assessed. ... loss of approximately half of renal reserve may be a useful biomarker for increased risk of cognitive decline.. The fact that ... mild cognitive impairment, and no cognitive impairment as previously described.14 Dementia required a history of cognitive ... A model of accelerated vascular cognitive impairment. "Renal impairment was associated with impaired global cognitive function ...

*  Clinical Determinants of Poststroke Dementia | Stroke

Higher education likely relates to larger functional cognitive reserve45 and also to differences in lifestyle and risk factor ... Cognitive domains of the DSM-III definition assessed by the neuropsychological test battery included memory functions (short- ... All rights reserved. Unauthorized use prohibited. The American Heart Association is a qualified 501(c)(3) tax-exempt ... or presence of cognitive decline before index stroke (25.0% versus 31.8%). Of the 30 patients with dysphasia, 9 (30%) had major ...

*  Free Flash Poker Game - Texas Hold'em

Besides strengthening your brain's cognitive reserve, poker and other card and tile games are simply a lot of fun. ...

*  Alzheimer's More Aggressive in Younger Elderly

"But because of cognitive reserve or other still-unknown factors that provide 'resistance' against brain damage, clinical ... with mild cognitive impairment (an intermediate stage between normal, age-related cognitive decline and dementia) or suffering ... But in their study, they found that the "younger elderly" - those in their 60s and 70s - showed higher rates of cognitive ...

*  Cryptic crossword - Wikipedia

Almond, N.M., Use-it-or-lose-it: Investigating the cognitive reserve hypothesis and use-dependency theory, PhD thesis. 2010, ... Schulman, A., The Art of the Puzzler, in Cognitive Ecology: Handbook of Perception and Cognition, M.P. Friedman and E.C. ... Introduction to linguistics/cognitive science. 2012, London: Routledge. Aarons, D.L. (2015). "Following Orders: Playing Fast ... Several discrete areas have been explored: the cognitive or linguistic challenges posed by cryptic clues, the use of cryptic ...

*  Living well with Lewy Body Dementia and Comorbidities : 2014

"This can be an indicator they have reached an advanced stage, when the cognitive reserve is not compensating any more.". As a ... Cognitive reserve Arfan Ikram, associate professor of neuroepidemiology at Erasmus University, said that education was a good ... This ability, known as cognitive reserve, is usually built up during childhood and early adulthood, and is thought to protect ... Mild Cognitive Impairment. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) A condition that often predates Alzheimer's disease (AD), can be ...

*  Didac Vidal Piñeiro - Psykologisk institutt (PSI)

White matter hyperintensities and cognitive reserve during a working memory task: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study ... Cortical thickness in regions of frontal and temporal lobes is associated with responsiveness to cognitive remediation therapy ... Decreased Default Mode Network connectivity correlates with age-associated structural and cognitive changes. Frontiers in Aging ... of Barcelona where I tried to characterize and modulate large-scale memory networks with a special focus on cognitive aging. ...