*  Supplementation with alpha-linolenic acid-rich diacylglycerol suppresses fatty liver formation accompanied by an up-regulation...
Carbon-Carbon Double Bond Isomerases / antagonists & inhibitors. Cholesterol / blood, metabolism. Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / ... Carbon-Carbon Double Bond Isomerases ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Supplementation-with-alpha-linolenic-acid/15863369.html
*  Discovery of Novel Biomarkers for Alzheimer's Disease from Blood.
Carbon-Carbon Double Bond Isomerases. Fibronectins. GABA Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins. Homeodomain Proteins. ...
  https://pearl.plymouth.ac.uk/handle/10026.1/5119
*  List of MeSH codes (D08) - Wikipedia
... triose-phosphate isomerase MeSH D08.811.399.475.400 --- carbon-carbon double bond isomerases MeSH D08.811.399.475.400.700 --- ... steroid isomerases MeSH D08.811.399.475.800 --- sulfur-sulfur bond isomerases MeSH D08.811.399.475.800.550 --- protein ... glucose-6-phosphate isomerase MeSH D08.811.399.475.200.550 --- mannose-6-phosphate isomerase MeSH D08.811.399.475.200.662 --- ... carbon-nitrogen ligases with glutamine as amide-n-donor MeSH D08.811.464.259.400.300 --- carbamoyl-phosphate synthase ( ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_MeSH_codes_(D08)
*  Takatoshi Murase
carbon carbon double bond isomerases*acetyl coa c acyltransferase*animal physical conditioning*insulin*enoyl coa hydratase* ...
  https://www.labome.org/expert/japan/kao/murase/takatoshi-murase-204751.html
*  Steroid Delta-isomerase - Wikipedia
KSI catalyzes the rearrangement of a carbon-carbon double bond in ketosteroids through an enolate intermediate at a diffusion- ... steroid isomerase, Δ5-ketosteroid isomerase, Δ5(or Δ4)-3-keto steroid isomerase, Δ5-steroid isomerase, 3-oxosteroid isomerase, ... 3-ketosteroid isomerase just transfers a double bond at Δ5 of 3-ketosteroid to Δ4. A Δ5-3-ketosteroid isomerase-disrupted ... which lacks a double bond at Δ5, indicating that C. testosteroni KSI is responsible for transfer of the double bond from Δ5 to ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steroid_Delta-isomerase
*  Enoyl CoA isomerase - Wikipedia
The double bond serves as the target of oxidation and carbon-to-carbon bond cleavage, thereby shortening the fatty acid chain. ... Since the key step in the degradation of fatty acids with double bonds at even-numbered carbon positions also produces 3-trans- ... isomerase, 3,2-trans-enoyl-CoA isomerase, ∆3(cis),∆2(trans)-enoyl-CoA isomerase, or acetylene-allene isomerase, (EC 5.3.3.8) is ... to trans double bonds at beta-carbon (position 2). It plays a particularly important role in the metabolism of unsaturated ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enoyl_CoA_isomerase
*  DHEA Derivatives - King of Legal Anabolic Supplements?
First off, this molecule is now a DHT derivative, meaning there is no double bond on carbon 4-5. The lack of a 4-5 double bond ... 4 isomerase which will interconvert (isomerize) the double bond on DHEA before it converts to androstenediol(AD) and ... DHEA has a double bond between carbons 5 and 6, whereas androstenediol and testosterone have a double bond between carbons 4 ... a 3rd step that often goes overlooked but this reaction changes the position of the double bond from carbon 5 to carbon 4 via ...
  https://www.tigerfitness.com/articles/post/dhea-derivatives-legal-anabolic-supplements
*  Enzyme | Article about enzyme by The Free Dictionary
The second digit of a lyase's number refers to the type of bond that undergoes cleavage, for example, carbon-carbon or carbon- ... thus forming double bonds. Lyases also add chemical groups to double bonds. There are five subclasses of lyases. ... Isomerases catalyze isomerization reactions and are divided into five subclasses according to the type of reaction catalyzed. ... The first digit of a ligase's number refers to the type of bond formed, for example, carbon-nitrogen or carbon-oxygen, and the ...
  http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Enzyme
*  BMS02 - Molecules and Cells :evergreen tree
Lyase: addition of groups to a double bond or the formation of a carbon double bond by group removal. ... Isomerase: transfer of functional groups within the same molecule.. * Ligase: using ATP to catalyse the formation of new ... The peptide bond is fairly special. It has a partial double bond character which leads to very limited rotation around it. ... The bond is stabilised by a 'resonance' with delocalised regions of electrons above and below the bond, making it planar in ...
  https://coggle.it/diagram/WGvSzqmGe9w7mAG7/t/bms02-molecules-and-cells-evergreen_tree
*  Plus it
The 16-carbon intermediates probably accumulate because they contain a Δ4-cis-double bond (see Fig. 2B for 10,11-EHD structure ... Two additional enzymes, 2,4-dienoyl-CoA reductase and Δ3,Δ2-enoyl-CoA isomerase, are necessary for β-oxidation to proceed ... The structure of arachidonic acid shows the conventional numbering of the carbon atoms that form its 4 double bonds. The main ... 1, there are four regioisomers, each stemming from one of the four double bonds of arachidonic acid. Although not shown in Fig ...
  http://ajpcell.physiology.org/content/292/3/C996
*  940. Safety evaluations of groups of related substances... (WHO Food Additives Series 42)
CoA isomerase. If the stereochemistry of the double bond is cis, it is isomerized to the trans double bond by the action of 3- ... retinoids and ionones occurs on the carbon adjacent to the double bond. (vii) Conjugation with glutathione The vast majority of ... v) Reduction of double bonds Reduction of endocyclic and exocyclic double bonds occurs in some of the flavouring agents ... Oxidation of double bonds Oxidation of double bonds via an epoxide intermediate to form diols is probably only a minor pathway ...
  http://inchem.org/documents/jecfa/jecmono/v042je14.htm
*  2,4 Dienoyl-CoA reductase - Wikipedia
... as well as double bonds at odd carbon positions, with equal efficiency. At this time, there is no clear explanation for this of ... DECR is the second such enzyme (The others being Enoyl CoA isomerase and Dienoyl CoA isomerase) and is the rate limiting step ... In particular, this enzyme contributes to breaking the double bonds at all even-numbered positions, and some double bonds at ... The electrons from the Cγ-Cδ double bond move over to the Cβ-Cγ position, and those from the Cα-Cβ form an enolate. In the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2,4_Dienoyl-CoA_reductase
*  DHA also known as Dehydroascorbic Acid
DHA is a carboxylic acid with a 22-carbon chain and six cis double bonds; the first double bond is located at the third carbon ... Protein disulfide isomerases are known to reduce DHA back to ascorbic acid, oxidizing their disulfide bonds in the process. ...
  http://www.bayho.com/c/193.html
*  Chemistry: UJIAN AKHIR SEMESTER
... of active isopern DMAPP join between the head and tail of this is caused by the attack of electrons of the double bond carbon ... by enzyme isomerase. ... and six aliphatic carbon. Then the identification of the 1 H ... Path begins at biosentesis triterpenoid acetyl coenzyme A did kodensasi type aldol produce a branched carbon chains which are ... 13C NMR spectra showed 14 carbon aromatic, one carbonyl, ...
  http://vebriachemist.blogspot.com/2012/12/ujian-akhir-semester.html?widgetType=BlogArchive&widgetId=BlogArchive1&action=toggle&dir=open&toggle=MONTHLY-1338534000000&toggleopen=MONTHLY-1354348800000
*  Chemistry
... producing a double bond in the five-carbon product, Δ3-isopentenyl pyrophosphate. This is the first of the two activated ... by enzyme isomerase. ... is caused by the attack of electrons of the double bond carbon ... This enzyme is another mixed-function oxidase (Box 20-1); NADPH reduces the other oxygen atom of O2 to H2O. The double bonds of ... In early experiments animals were fed acetate labeled with 14C in either the methyl carbon or the carboxyl carbon. The pattern ...
  http://vebriachemist.blogspot.com
*  Isomerase - Wikipedia
The adjacent carbon, C2, is deprotonated from the opposite face to yield a double bond. In effect, the double bond is shifted ... In this isomerization reaction a stable carbon-carbon double bond is rearranged top create a highly electrophilic allylic ... IPP isomerase catalyzes this reaction by the stereoselective antarafacial transposition of a single proton. The double bond is ... The C3-C4 bond rotates and Glu357 (assisted by His388) depronates C2 to form a double bond between C1 and C2. A cis-endiol ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isomerase
*  Aucubin - Wikipedia
... loss of proton from carbon 4 leads to the formation of a double bond C3-C4; consequently the 3-O-carbonyl atom will attach to ... IPP is isomerized to the allylic ester dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP) by IPP isomerase. Through a multi-step process, ... Aucubin was found to protect against liver damage induced by carbon tetrachloride or alpha-amanitin in mice and rats when 80 mg ... Aucubin has 10 carbons with the C11 carbon missing. The stereochemical configurations at C5 and C9 lead to cis fused rings, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aucubin
*  Maleic acid - Wikipedia
Maleic acid and fumaric acid do not spontaneously interconvert because rotation around a carbon carbon double bond is not ... Some bacteria produce the enzyme maleate isomerase, which is used by bacteria in nicotinate metabolism. This enzyme catalyses ... Reversible addition (of H+) leads to free rotation about the central C-C bond and formation of the more stable and less soluble ... and now single bond rotation is possible. The bromine radicals recombine and fumaric acid is formed. In another method (used as ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maleic_acid
*  PPT - Oxidation of Fatty Acids. PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: addd8-MTI0M
Enoyl-CoA isomerase repositions the double bond, converting the cis isomer to trans isomer, a normal intermediate in ß- ... Odd-carbon fatty acids are oxidized by the same pathway as even-carbon acids until three-carbon propionyl-CoA is formed. ... help of the enzyme isomerase. *Double bonds in the unsaturated fatty acids are in the cis configuration and cannot be acted ... addition of water to the trans double bond generated during ß-oxidation. ...
  http://www.powershow.com/view/addd8-MTI0M/Oxidation_of_Fatty_Acids_powerpoint_ppt_presentation
*  Juvenile hormone - Wikipedia
The free electron pair adds to the double bond of IPP, also isomerizing IPP so that the product is an allylic diphosphate. Thus ... Isopentenyl diphosphate isomerase converts the latter to the less stable dimethylallyl diphosphate. Farnesyl diphosphate ... All parts of the carbon skeleton comes from IPP. Then an enzyme prenyl transferase/farnesyl diphosphate synthase binds IPP, ... The free electron pair adds to the double bond of IPP, also isomerizing IPP so that the product is an allylic diphosphate. Thus ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juvenile_hormone
*  Crotonase family - Wikipedia
3-2trans-enoyl-CoA isomerase (or dodecenoyl-CoA isomerise; EC 5.3.3.8), which shifts the 3-double bond of the intermediates of ... while others have been implicated in carbon-carbon bond formation and cleavage as well as the hydrolysis of thioesters. However ... Dienoyl-CoA isomerase, which catalyses the isomerisation of 3-trans,5-cis-dienoyl-CoA to 2-trans,4-trans-dienoyl-CoA. ... This is accomplished by two structurally conserved peptidic NH groups that provide hydrogen bonds to the carbonyl moieties of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crotonase_family
*  Beta oxidation - Wikipedia
To summarize: Odd-numbered double bonds are handled by the isomerase. Even-numbered double bonds by the reductase (which ... Cleavage of two-carbon segments resulting in acetyl-CoA. Oxidation of acetyl-CoA to carbon dioxide in the citric acid cycle. ... If the acyl CoA contains a cis-Δ3 bond, then cis-Δ3-Enoyl CoA isomerase will convert the bond to a trans-Δ2 bond, which is a ... A long-chain fatty acid is dehydrogenated to create a trans double bond between C2 and C3. This is catalyzed by acyl CoA ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beta_oxidation
*  ALOXE3 - Wikipedia
... which contain an epoxy and alcohol residue separated from each other by a double (i.e. alkene) bond or, alternatively, B type ( ... hydroperoxy isomerase) activity; that is, it converts hydroperoxy-containing PUFAs to hepoxilin-like epoxyalcohol products; ... residue to arachidonic acid at its 12th carbon thereby forming 12(R)-hydroperoxy-5Z,8Z,10E,14Z-icosatetraenoic acid (also ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ALOXE3
*  Isopentenyl-diphosphate delta isomerase - Wikipedia
Steric course of decarboxylation of 5-pyrophosphomevalonate and of the carbon to carbon bond formation in the biosynthesis of ... The removal of the pro-R proton from C2 forms the C2-C3 double bond of DMAPP. Crystallographic studies have observed that the ... Isopentenyl pyrophosphate isomerase (IPP isomerase), also known as Isopentenyl-diphosphate delta isomerase, is an isomerase ... The protonation of an inactivated double bond is rarely seen in nature, highlighting the unique catalytic mechanism of IPP ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isopentenyl-diphosphate_delta_isomerase
*  Peptide bond - Wikipedia
... usually through an attack of an electronegative atom on the carbonyl carbon, breaking the carbonyl double bond and forming a ... 1993) "Prolyl Isomerases: Role in Protein Folding", Adv. Protein Chem., 44, 25-66. Fischer G. (1993) "Peptidyl-Prolyl cis/trans ... A peptide bond, also known as an amide bond, is a covalent chemical bond linking two consecutive amino acid monomers along a ... The partial double bond renders the amide group planar, occurring in either the cis or trans isomers. In the unfolded state of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peptide_bond