Entropy | Free Full-Text | Entropy Measures of Street-Network Dispersion: Analysis of Coastal Cities in Brazil and Britain |...
... of three Brazilian coastal cities. The results are compared with the street networks of three coastal cities in Britain (a ...http://www.mdpi.com/1099-4300/15/9/3340/notes
Molecules | Free Full-Text | Seasonal Variation, Chemical Composition, and Analgesic and Antimicrobial Activities of the...
Codd grown in southern Brazil was analyzed by GC-MS, and the analgesic and antimicrobial activities of this oil were assayed. ... Codd in Southern Brazil. Zilda Cristiani Gazim 1, Ana Carolina L. Amorim 2, Ana Maria C. Hovell 2, Claudia Moraes Rezende 2, ... Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, Paraná, Brazil ... Codd grown in southern Brazil was analyzed by GC-MS, and the analgesic and antimicrobial activities of this oil were assayed. ...http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/15/8/5509
Viruses | Free Full-Text | Hantavirus Reservoirs: Current Status with an Emphasis on Data from Brazil
In Brazil, where the diversity of mammals and especially rodents is considered one of the largest in the world, 9 hantavirus ... Hantavirus Reservoirs: Current Status with an Emphasis on Data from Brazil. Renata Carvalho de Oliveira 1,* , Alexandro ... In Brazil, where the diversity of mammals and especially rodents is considered one of the largest in the world, 9 hantavirus ... "Hantavirus Reservoirs: Current Status with an Emphasis on Data from Brazil." Viruses 6, no. 5: 1929-1973. ...http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/6/5/1929
Forests | Free Full-Text | Decentralization and REDD+ in Brazil | Notes
Data show that some state governments in the Brazilian Amazon have played a key role in creating protected areas (PAs) after ... Governors also have led the discussion on REDD+ in Brazil since 2008. Considering their interests and political power, REDD+ is ... In this paper, I examine the relation between subnational governments and REDD+ in Brazil. ...http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4907/2/1/66/notes
Agriculture | Free Full-Text | Changes in Carbon Cycling during Development of Successional Agroforestry
In Brazil, three successional stages of SAFS, 6, 12, and 34 years old, were compared in terms of carbon balance. Aboveground ... In Brazil, three successional stages of SAFS, 6, 12, and 34 years old, were compared in terms of carbon balance. Aboveground ... Keywords: successional agroforestry; carbon cycling; soil fertility; Brazil; aboveground biomass; SOC; litterfall; respiration ... Department of Soil and Environmental Ressources, Sao Paulo State University, Sao Paulo 01049-010, Brazil ...http://www.mdpi.com/2077-0472/7/3/25
Viruses | Free Full-Text | Genetic Diversity in HIV-1 Subtype C LTR from Brazil and Mozambique Generates New Transcription...
In the Brazilian clinical samples, the frequency of the sequence insertion was significantly higher in subjects experiencing ... the LTR obtained from proviral DNA samples collected from patients infected with subtype C from the Southern Region of Brazil ( ... The HIV-1 subtype C has been substituting the subtype B population in southern Brazil. This phenomenon has been previously ... Keywords: HIV-1; Subtype C; LTR; insertion; NFkB; RBEIII; Brazil; Rio Grande do Sul; Paraná; Mozambique; MFNLP HIV-1; Subtype C ...http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/6/6/2495
Nutrients | Free Full-Text | The Influence of Vitamin A Supplementation on Iron Status | HTML
Brazil. Children and Adolescents (6-14). 267. 10,000 IU VA + 40 mg Fe/week; 40 mg Fe/week. 7.5. ↑Hb = 8.0, ↓anemia = 43.8%, ↑ ... Brazilian schoolchildren (n = 267, 6-14 years) were randomly allocated in the following groups: VA (10,000 IU) + Fe (40 mg) or ... Department of Food Science and Experimental Nutrition, School of Pharmacy, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-900, Brazil ... Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 01246-904, Brazil ...http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/5/11/4399/htm
Agriculture | Free Full-Text | The Evaluation of Exogenous Application of Salicylic Acid on Physiological Characteristics,...
Brazil. J. Plant Physiol. 2009, 21, 187-195. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]. *Mohammadi, V.; Bihamta, M.-R.; Zali, A.-A. ... The essential oil percent was reported from 0.2% to 0.3% in Brazilian ecotypes and it was also reported at 0.5% in Egyptian ... The compositions of essential oil were compared in Egyptian and Brazilian chamomile ecotypes. ...http://www.mdpi.com/2077-0472/6/3/31/htm
Sustainability | Free Full-Text | Urbanization and Sustainability: Comparison of the Processes in "BIC" Countries
This study regarded Brazil, India, and China as ... This study regarded Brazil, India, and China as "BIC" countries ... The Amazon forest in the north brings great challenges to Brazil with respect to the conservation of its biodiversity and eco- ... China was identified as a manufacturing-based country in the past half-century, whereas Brazil and India have the service ... The sustainability issues in social, economic, and environmental aspects for Brazil, India, and China were summarized in the ...http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/8/4/400
Energies | Free Full-Text | Structured Literature Review of Electricity Consumption Classification Using Smart Meter Data |...
Brazil. Mix. 1 month. 15 min. 2000. x. -. -. -. -. 2. Canada. Mix. 12 months. 60 min. 62,923. -. -. -. x. ...http://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/10/5/584/htm
Nutrients | Free Full-Text | The Effects of Digital Marketing of Unhealthy Commodities on Young People: A Systematic Review |...
Brazil). To explore Brazilian adolescents and young adults' exposure to alcohol advertising and to assess the relationship ... Brazil , Egypt  and Fiji . The included studies reported data on 7 to 22,007 participants aged 12 to 30 years. Of ... Exposure of adolescents and young adults to alcohol advertising in Brazil. J. Public Aff. 2010, 10, 50-58. [Google Scholar] [ ...https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/10/2/148/htm
IJMS | Free Full-Text | Determination of Aflatoxins in Peanut Products in the Northeast Region of São Paulo, Brazil
Brazil. To this end, 240 samples of peanut products traded in the cities of Araras, Leme, Pirassununga and Porto Ferreira were ... higher than the limit established by Brazilian regulations (20 mg·kg-1). Based on the above data, the probable mean daily ... results indicate that aflatoxin contamination of peanut products may be a public health concern in Brazil, when considering the ... Determination of Aflatoxins in Peanut Products in the Northeast Region of São Paulo, Brazil. Carlos A. F. Oliveira 1,* , ...http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/10/1/174
Informatics | Free Full-Text | Supporting Sensemaking of Complex Objects with Visualizations: Visibility and Complementarity...
Mostafa, A.E.; Greenberg, S.; Vital Brazil, E.; Sharlin, E.; Sousa, M.C. Interacting with microseismic visualizations. In ...http://mdpi.com/2227-9709/3/4/20/htm
IJMS | Free Full-Text | Effects of Aflatoxin B1 and Fumonisin B1 on the Viability and Induction of Apoptosis in Rat Primary...
04014-002, Brazil. 2. Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas - Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Prof. ...http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/11/4/1944/xml
IJERPH | Free Full-Text | Quality of Life of Post-Mastectomy Women Living in a Semi-Arid Region of Brazil
Recognizing this problem, our aim was to investigate the quality of life of women who live in a semi-arid region of Brazil ... Most of them had finished elementary school, and their average income was one Brazilian minimum monthly wage. Regarding the ... In this exploratory, transversal and observational study, a Brazilian variantof the shorter version of the original instrument ... "Quality of Life of Post-Mastectomy Women Living in a Semi-Arid Region of Brazil." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 14, no. 6 ...http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/14/6/601
IJMS | Free Full-Text | Oxidative Stress in Malaria | HTML
In Brazil, a country in which malaria is endemic, the situation is equally alarming. Even with a cutback in the number of ... Brazil Ministério da Saúde. Portal da Saúde. Sistema Amplia Acesso aos Dados de Malária; Publisher: City, Country, 2012. ... In Parasitologia Humana, 11th ed; Neves, D.P., Ed.; Atheneu: São Paulo, SP, Brazil, 2005; p. 143. [Google Scholar] ... Master's Thesis, Federal University of Para, Belem, PA, Brazil, November 2011. [Google Scholar] ...http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/13/12/16346/htm
Biosensors | Free Full-Text | The Use of a Polyphenoloxidase Biosensor Obtained from the Fruit of Jurubeba (Solanum...
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), which were diluted in purified water, obtained from a Millipore Milli-Q purification system with ... After this period of freezing, they were processed in the Yononas® appliance (Briton, Brazil). It was possible to obtain a ... The jurubeba fruit (Solanum paniculatum L.) is a shrub-like solanaceae native to the Brazilian Cerrado that bear fruits all ... Gil, E.S. Controle Físico-Químico de Qualidade de Medicamentos, 3rd ed.; Pharmabooks: São Paulo, Brazil, 2010. [Google Scholar] ...http://www.mdpi.com/2079-6374/8/2/36/htm
Toxins | Free Full-Text | Different Assay Conditions for Detecting the Production and Release of Heat-Labile and Heat-Stable...
Enteropathogens associated with acute diarrheal disease in urban infants in São Paulo, Brazil. J. Infect. Dis. 1991, 164, 331- ... Seroepidemiology and Immunology Laboratory, São Paulo Tropical Medicine Institute, São Paulo, SP 05403-000, Brazil ... Brazil). For culture, just prior to testing, 30 μL of bacteria from the frozen stock (−20 °C) were added to 3 mL of TSB and ... Brazil). Afterwards, cells were removed by centrifugation at 10,000 × g and toxin production was measured every hour for 8 h ...http://mdpi.com/2072-6651/5/12/2384/htm
IJERPH | Free Full-Text | Association between Childhood Dental Experiences and Dental Fear among Dental, Psychology and...
A cross-sectional study of 1,256 students from the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, was performed. Students responded to the ... Brazilian version of the Dental Fear Survey (DFS) and a questionnaire regarding previous dental experiences. Both the DFS and ... A cross-sectional study of 1,256 students from the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, was performed. Students responded to the ... Psychology and Mathematics Undergraduates in Brazil. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 4676-4687. ...http://mdpi.com/1660-4601/9/12/4676/xml
Animals | Free Full-Text | Hunting Activity Among Naturalistically Housed Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) at the Fundació Mona ...
Brasil. 2011, 31, 707-710. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]. *Ulrich, R.; Boer, M.; Herder, V.; Spitzbarth, I.; Hewicker-Trautwein, ...http://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/2/3/363/htm
Marine Drugs | Free Full-Text | 4-Acetoxydolastane Diterpene from the Brazilian Brown Alga Canistrocarpus cervicornis as...
"4-Acetoxydolastane Diterpene from the Brazilian Brown Alga Canistrocarpus cervicornis as Antileishmanial Agent." Mar. Drugs 9, ... 4-Acetoxydolastane Diterpene from the Brazilian Brown Alga Canistrocarpus cervicornis as Antileishmanial Agent. Adriana ... 4-Acetoxydolastane Diterpene from the Brazilian Brown Alga Canistrocarpus cervicornis as Antileishmanial Agent. Marine Drugs. ... Department of Marine Biology, Federal Fluminense University, PO Box 100644, CEP 24001-970, Niteroi, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil ...http://www.mdpi.com/1660-3397/9/11/2369/xml
Land | Free Full-Text | Smallholders, Agrarian Reform, and Globalization in the Brazilian Amazon: Cattle versus the Environment
Smallholder farming in the Brazilian Amazon has changed markedly over the last few decades, following a pervasive swing to ... Smallholders, Agrarian Reform, and Globalization in the Brazilian Amazon: Cattle versus the Environment. Ritaumaria Pereira 1, ... Smallholder farming in the Brazilian Amazon has changed markedly over the last few decades, following a pervasive swing to ... Pereira, R.; Simmons, C.S.; Walker, R. Smallholders, Agrarian Reform, and Globalization in the Brazilian Amazon: Cattle versus ...http://www.mdpi.com/2073-445X/5/3/24
Insects | Free Full-Text | Prediction of Sporulation and Germination by the Spider Mite Pathogenic Fungus Neozygites floridana ...
Our study identified suitable conditions for primary- and capilliconidia production in this Brazilian N. floridana isolate. ... Brazilian isolate ESALQ 1420), in both a detached leaf assay mimicking climatic conditions in the leaf boundary layer and in a ... Koppert Biological Systems Brazil, Microbiology Product & Development Department, Rodovia Margarida da Graça Martins km 17,5 s/ ... Department of Exact Sciences, ESALQ-University of São Paulo (USP), Av Padua Dias, 11 P.O. Box 9, 13418-900 Piracicaba, Brazil ...http://www.mdpi.com/2075-4450/9/2/69
Pharmaceutics | Free Full-Text | Development and Validation of a Microbiological Agar Assay for Determination of Orbifloxacin...
Brazilian Pharmacopeial Convention. Brazilian Pharmacopoeia, 4rd ed.; Atheneu: São Paulo, Brazil, 1988. [Google Scholar] ... According to the Brazilian  and The United States  Pharmacopeias, if a parallel-line model is chosen, the 2 log dose- ... The cultures of S. aureus ATCC 25923 were cultivated and maintained on Casoy culture medium (Difco, Brazil). The microorganism ... Brazil). All reagents used were analytical grade. Purified water was used in all experiments. ...http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4923/3/3/572/htm
IJERPH | Free Full-Text | Vibrio Fluvialis: An Unusual Enteric Pathogen of Increasing Public Health Concern | HTML
... strains from sewage in Brazil; and strains from the United States of America that had been called group EF-6 in the Special ...http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/7/10/3628/htm