*  Entropy | Free Full-Text | Entropy Measures of Street-Network Dispersion: Analysis of Coastal Cities in Brazil and Britain |...
... of three Brazilian coastal cities. The results are compared with the street networks of three coastal cities in Britain (a ...
http://www.mdpi.com/1099-4300/15/9/3340/notes
*  Molecules | Free Full-Text | Seasonal Variation, Chemical Composition, and Analgesic and Antimicrobial Activities of the...
Codd grown in southern Brazil was analyzed by GC-MS, and the analgesic and antimicrobial activities of this oil were assayed. ... Codd in Southern Brazil. Zilda Cristiani Gazim 1, Ana Carolina L. Amorim 2, Ana Maria C. Hovell 2, Claudia Moraes Rezende 2, ... Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, Paraná, Brazil ... Codd grown in southern Brazil was analyzed by GC-MS, and the analgesic and antimicrobial activities of this oil were assayed. ...
http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/15/8/5509
*  Viruses | Free Full-Text | Hantavirus Reservoirs: Current Status with an Emphasis on Data from Brazil
In Brazil, where the diversity of mammals and especially rodents is considered one of the largest in the world, 9 hantavirus ... Hantavirus Reservoirs: Current Status with an Emphasis on Data from Brazil. Renata Carvalho de Oliveira 1,* , Alexandro ... In Brazil, where the diversity of mammals and especially rodents is considered one of the largest in the world, 9 hantavirus ... "Hantavirus Reservoirs: Current Status with an Emphasis on Data from Brazil." Viruses 6, no. 5: 1929-1973. ...
http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/6/5/1929
*  Forests | Free Full-Text | Decentralization and REDD+ in Brazil | Notes
Data show that some state governments in the Brazilian Amazon have played a key role in creating protected areas (PAs) after ... Governors also have led the discussion on REDD+ in Brazil since 2008. Considering their interests and political power, REDD+ is ... In this paper, I examine the relation between subnational governments and REDD+ in Brazil. ...
http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4907/2/1/66/notes
*  Agriculture | Free Full-Text | Changes in Carbon Cycling during Development of Successional Agroforestry
In Brazil, three successional stages of SAFS, 6, 12, and 34 years old, were compared in terms of carbon balance. Aboveground ... In Brazil, three successional stages of SAFS, 6, 12, and 34 years old, were compared in terms of carbon balance. Aboveground ... Keywords: successional agroforestry; carbon cycling; soil fertility; Brazil; aboveground biomass; SOC; litterfall; respiration ... Department of Soil and Environmental Ressources, Sao Paulo State University, Sao Paulo 01049-010, Brazil ...
http://www.mdpi.com/2077-0472/7/3/25
*  Viruses | Free Full-Text | Genetic Diversity in HIV-1 Subtype C LTR from Brazil and Mozambique Generates New Transcription...
In the Brazilian clinical samples, the frequency of the sequence insertion was significantly higher in subjects experiencing ... the LTR obtained from proviral DNA samples collected from patients infected with subtype C from the Southern Region of Brazil ( ... The HIV-1 subtype C has been substituting the subtype B population in southern Brazil. This phenomenon has been previously ... Keywords: HIV-1; Subtype C; LTR; insertion; NFkB; RBEIII; Brazil; Rio Grande do Sul; Paraná; Mozambique; MFNLP HIV-1; Subtype C ...
http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/6/6/2495
*  Nutrients | Free Full-Text | The Influence of Vitamin A Supplementation on Iron Status | HTML
Brazil. Children and Adolescents (6-14). 267. 10,000 IU VA + 40 mg Fe/week; 40 mg Fe/week. 7.5. ↑Hb = 8.0, ↓anemia = 43.8%, ↑ ... Brazilian schoolchildren (n = 267, 6-14 years) were randomly allocated in the following groups: VA (10,000 IU) + Fe (40 mg) or ... Department of Food Science and Experimental Nutrition, School of Pharmacy, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-900, Brazil ... Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 01246-904, Brazil ...
http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/5/11/4399/htm
*  Agriculture | Free Full-Text | The Evaluation of Exogenous Application of Salicylic Acid on Physiological Characteristics,...
Brazil. J. Plant Physiol. 2009, 21, 187-195. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]. *Mohammadi, V.; Bihamta, M.-R.; Zali, A.-A. ... The essential oil percent was reported from 0.2% to 0.3% in Brazilian ecotypes and it was also reported at 0.5% in Egyptian ... The compositions of essential oil were compared in Egyptian and Brazilian chamomile ecotypes. ...
http://www.mdpi.com/2077-0472/6/3/31/htm
*  Sustainability | Free Full-Text | Urbanization and Sustainability: Comparison of the Processes in "BIC" Countries
This study regarded Brazil, India, and China as ... This study regarded Brazil, India, and China as "BIC" countries ... The Amazon forest in the north brings great challenges to Brazil with respect to the conservation of its biodiversity and eco- ... China was identified as a manufacturing-based country in the past half-century, whereas Brazil and India have the service ... The sustainability issues in social, economic, and environmental aspects for Brazil, India, and China were summarized in the ...
http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/8/4/400
*  IJMS | Free Full-Text | Determination of Aflatoxins in Peanut Products in the Northeast Region of São Paulo, Brazil
Brazil. To this end, 240 samples of peanut products traded in the cities of Araras, Leme, Pirassununga and Porto Ferreira were ... higher than the limit established by Brazilian regulations (20 mg·kg-1). Based on the above data, the probable mean daily ... results indicate that aflatoxin contamination of peanut products may be a public health concern in Brazil, when considering the ... Determination of Aflatoxins in Peanut Products in the Northeast Region of São Paulo, Brazil. Carlos A. F. Oliveira 1,* , ...
http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/10/1/174
*  Informatics | Free Full-Text | Supporting Sensemaking of Complex Objects with Visualizations: Visibility and Complementarity...
Mostafa, A.E.; Greenberg, S.; Vital Brazil, E.; Sharlin, E.; Sousa, M.C. Interacting with microseismic visualizations. In ...
http://mdpi.com/2227-9709/3/4/20/htm
*  IJMS | Free Full-Text | Effects of Aflatoxin B1 and Fumonisin B1 on the Viability and Induction of Apoptosis in Rat Primary...
04014-002, Brazil. 2. Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas - Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Prof. ...
http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/11/4/1944/xml
*  IJMS | Free Full-Text | Oxidative Stress in Malaria | HTML
In Brazil, a country in which malaria is endemic, the situation is equally alarming. Even with a cutback in the number of ... Brazil Ministério da Saúde. Portal da Saúde. Sistema Amplia Acesso aos Dados de Malária; Publisher: City, Country, 2012. ... In Parasitologia Humana, 11th ed; Neves, D.P., Ed.; Atheneu: São Paulo, SP, Brazil, 2005; p. 143. [Google Scholar] ... Master's Thesis, Federal University of Para, Belem, PA, Brazil, November 2011. [Google Scholar] ...
http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/13/12/16346/htm
*  Biosensors | Free Full-Text | The Use of a Polyphenoloxidase Biosensor Obtained from the Fruit of Jurubeba (Solanum...
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), which were diluted in purified water, obtained from a Millipore Milli-Q purification system with ... After this period of freezing, they were processed in the Yononas® appliance (Briton, Brazil). It was possible to obtain a ... The jurubeba fruit (Solanum paniculatum L.) is a shrub-like solanaceae native to the Brazilian Cerrado that bear fruits all ... Gil, E.S. Controle Físico-Químico de Qualidade de Medicamentos, 3rd ed.; Pharmabooks: São Paulo, Brazil, 2010. [Google Scholar] ...
http://www.mdpi.com/2079-6374/8/2/36/htm
*  Toxins | Free Full-Text | Different Assay Conditions for Detecting the Production and Release of Heat-Labile and Heat-Stable...
Enteropathogens associated with acute diarrheal disease in urban infants in São Paulo, Brazil. J. Infect. Dis. 1991, 164, 331- ... Seroepidemiology and Immunology Laboratory, São Paulo Tropical Medicine Institute, São Paulo, SP 05403-000, Brazil ... Brazil). For culture, just prior to testing, 30 μL of bacteria from the frozen stock (−20 °C) were added to 3 mL of TSB and ... Brazil). Afterwards, cells were removed by centrifugation at 10,000 × g and toxin production was measured every hour for 8 h ...
http://mdpi.com/2072-6651/5/12/2384/htm
*  IJERPH | Free Full-Text | Association between Childhood Dental Experiences and Dental Fear among Dental, Psychology and...
A cross-sectional study of 1,256 students from the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, was performed. Students responded to the ... Brazilian version of the Dental Fear Survey (DFS) and a questionnaire regarding previous dental experiences. Both the DFS and ... A cross-sectional study of 1,256 students from the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, was performed. Students responded to the ... Psychology and Mathematics Undergraduates in Brazil. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 4676-4687. ...
http://mdpi.com/1660-4601/9/12/4676/xml
*  Animals | Free Full-Text | Hunting Activity Among Naturalistically Housed Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) at the Fundació Mona ...
Brasil. 2011, 31, 707-710. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]. *Ulrich, R.; Boer, M.; Herder, V.; Spitzbarth, I.; Hewicker-Trautwein, ...
http://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/2/3/363/htm
*  Marine Drugs | Free Full-Text | 4-Acetoxydolastane Diterpene from the Brazilian Brown Alga Canistrocarpus cervicornis as...
"4-Acetoxydolastane Diterpene from the Brazilian Brown Alga Canistrocarpus cervicornis as Antileishmanial Agent." Mar. Drugs 9, ... 4-Acetoxydolastane Diterpene from the Brazilian Brown Alga Canistrocarpus cervicornis as Antileishmanial Agent. Adriana ... 4-Acetoxydolastane Diterpene from the Brazilian Brown Alga Canistrocarpus cervicornis as Antileishmanial Agent. Marine Drugs. ... Department of Marine Biology, Federal Fluminense University, PO Box 100644, CEP 24001-970, Niteroi, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil ...
http://www.mdpi.com/1660-3397/9/11/2369/xml
*  Pharmaceutics | Free Full-Text | Development and Validation of a Microbiological Agar Assay for Determination of Orbifloxacin...
Brazilian Pharmacopeial Convention. Brazilian Pharmacopoeia, 4rd ed.; Atheneu: São Paulo, Brazil, 1988. [Google Scholar] ... According to the Brazilian [30] and The United States [31] Pharmacopeias, if a parallel-line model is chosen, the 2 log dose- ... The cultures of S. aureus ATCC 25923 were cultivated and maintained on Casoy culture medium (Difco, Brazil). The microorganism ... Brazil). All reagents used were analytical grade. Purified water was used in all experiments. ...
http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4923/3/3/572/htm
*  IJERPH | Free Full-Text | Vibrio Fluvialis: An Unusual Enteric Pathogen of Increasing Public Health Concern | HTML
... strains from sewage in Brazil; and strains from the United States of America that had been called group EF-6 in the Special ...
http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/7/10/3628/htm
*  Molecules | Free Full-Text | Baccharis reticularia DC. and Limonene Nanoemulsions: Promising Larvicidal Agents for Aedes...
is a plant species from the Asteraceae family that is endemic to Brazil. Despite the great importance of Baccharis genus, no ... The Brazil Flora Group (BFG). Growing knowledge: An overview of Seed Plant diversity in Brazil. Rodriguésia 2015, 66, 1085-1113 ... Brazil) under the register number RFFP 2097. The nomenclatural update was realized in Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brazil ( ... Baccharis reticularia DC is endemic and native to Brazil, being found on caatinga, cerrado (Brazilian savanna) and Atlantic ...
http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/22/11/1990/htm
*  Forests | Free Full-Text | Tools for Assessing the Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on Wildfire Regimes in Forests |...
Brazil, France, Greece, Indonesia, Portugal, Spain, USA. √. √. √. √. Multispectral optical data, 7 bands. Red and near-infrared ... Brazil, Greece, Southern Africa, USA. √. √. √. Multispectral optical data, 14 bands. Visible and near-infrared, shortwave ... Australia, Brazil, Central Africa, Indonesia, Mediterranean, North America, North and South Korea, Russia. √. √. √. √. ... Africa, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Indonesia, Russia, Spain, USA. √. √. √. √. Multispectral optical data, 36 bands. ...
http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4907/6/5/1476/htm
*  Remote Sensing | Free Full-Text | Monitoring Biennial Bearing Effect on Coffee Yield Using MODIS Remote Sensing Imagery | HTML
In Brazil, a comprehensive, spatially distributed study assessing this relationship has not yet been done. The objective of ... Brazil is the world's largest coffee producer, responsible for one third of the world production. A coffee plot exhibits high ... period between 2002 and 2009 in the south of Minas Gerais State whose production accounts for about one third of the Brazilian ... this study was to assess possible correlations between coffee yield and MODIS derived vegetation indices in the Brazilian ...
http://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/4/9/2492/htm
*  IJMS | Free Full-Text | Inhibition of Citrinin Production in Penicillium citrinum Cultures by Neem [Azadirachta indica A. Juss ...
The efficacy of different concentrations of aqueous neem leaf extract (3.12 to 50 mg/mL) on growth and citrinin production in three isolates of Penicillium citrinum was investigated under laboratory conditions. Mycotoxin production by the isolates was suppressed, depending on the concentration of the plant extract added to culture media at the time of spore inoculation. Citrinin production in fungal mycelia grown for 21 days in culture media containing 3.12 mg/mL of the aqueous extract of neem leaf was inhibited by approximately 80% in three isolates of P. citrinum. High-performance liquid chromatography was performed to confirm the spectrophotometric results. Vegetative growth was assessed, but neem extract failed to inhibit it. Neem leaf extract showed inhibition of toxin production without retardation in fungal mycelia growth.
http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/9/9/1676/xml