*  Biology-Online • View topic - Sonic reflexes
Their influence would be transmitted as far down as the brainstem by way of a circuit similar to the amygdaloid pathway. They ... We know that a painful stimulus activates a complex afferent system, the organisation and integration centres of which are only ... Their influence would be transmitted as far down as the brainstem by way of a circuit similar to the amygdaloid pathway. They ... We know that a painful stimulus activates a complex afferent system, the organisation and integration centres of which are only ...
  http://www.biology-online.org/biology-forum/post-53513.html
*  Kv1.1 Deletion Augments the Afferent Hypoxic Chemosensory Pathway and Respiration | Journal of Neuroscience
Kv1.1 Deletion Augments the Afferent Hypoxic Chemosensory Pathway and Respiration. David D. Kline, Maria C. F. Buniel, Patricia ... Kv1.1 Deletion Augments the Afferent Hypoxic Chemosensory Pathway and Respiration. David D. Kline, Maria C. F. Buniel, Patricia ... In the present study, we examined the role of Kv1.1 in the afferent pathway of the carotid body chemoreflex. In the carotid ... Kv1.1 Deletion Augments the Afferent Hypoxic Chemosensory Pathway and Respiration. David D. Kline, Maria C. F. Buniel, Patricia ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/25/13/3389
*  Reflex pathways from group II muscle afferents | SpringerLink
The interneuronally mediated reflex actions evoked by electrical stimulation of group II muscle afferents in low spinal cats ... Lundberg A, Malmgren K, Schomburg ED (1987b) Reflex path-ways from group II muscle afferents. 3. Secondary spindle afferents ... cutaneous afferents and joint afferents. It is postulated that these group II EPSPs are mediated by an interneuronal pathway ... Reflex path-ways from group II muscle afferents. 2. Functional characteristics of reflex pathways to α-motoneurones. Exp Brain ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF00236299
*  Frontiers | Heart rate variability biofeedback: how and why does it work? | Psychology
... the effect on the vagal afferent pathway to the frontal cortical areas has been proposed. In this article, we review these and ... the effect on the vagal afferent pathway to the frontal cortical areas has been proposed. In this article, we review these and ... The Vagal Afferent Pathway. Several studies have reported that HRVB might be effective in reducing symptoms of depression and/ ... It is known that the vagal afferent pathways affect brain areas known to be involved in affect regulation and mood (locus ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00756/full
*  Fast Food, Central Nervous System Insulin Resistance, and Obesity | Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
The Afferent Pathway. Alimentary Tract-Derived Afferent Signals Ghrelin, a 28-amino acid octanoylated peptide hormone first ... Figure 1. Afferent (gray), central (black), and efferent (white) pathways in the regulation of energy balance. The hormones ... Insulin is part of both the afferent and efferent pathway; unraveling its dual role provides valuable insights into the ... receives afferent hormonal and neural signals related to energy balance, fat stores, and satiety. The main afferent signals ...
  http://atvb.ahajournals.org/content/25/12/2451.full
*  Afferent fiber - definition of afferent fiber by The Free Dictionary
afferent fiber synonyms, afferent fiber pronunciation, afferent fiber translation, English dictionary definition of afferent ... Noun 1. afferent fiber - a nerve fiber that carries impulses toward the central nervous system sensory fiber nerve fiber, nerve ... afferent fiber. Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia.. Related to afferent fiber: afferent pathway ... Somatosympathetic reflexes: afferent fibers, central pathways, discharge characteristics.. Inclusion of height and limb length ...
  https://www.thefreedictionary.com/afferent+fiber
*  Review. The conditioned immune response | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
a) Afferent pathways: how the central nervous system receives signals from the peripheral immune system. It is as yet not ... Two possible pathways have been proposed: a systemic or humoral pathway and a neural pathway. For the systemic or humoral ... The efferent and afferent communication pathways employed by the CNS and the peripheral immune system as well as the central ... 2005 Activation in vagal afferents and central autonomic pathways: early responses to intestinal infection with Campylobacter ...
  http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/366/1572/1799
*  PEN TORCH by opto shosho on Prezi
AFFERANT PATHWAY DEFECTS. It is the paradoxical response of a pupil to light in the presence of a relative afferent pathway ... The afferent pathway. The efferent pathway:. The Light Reflex. The light reflex consist of simultaneous and equal constriction ... AFFERANT PATHWAY DEFECTS. TOTAL AFFERENT PATHWAY DEFECT (TAPD) OR AMAUROTIC PUPIL. Caused by a complete optic nerve or retinal ... Afferent pathway defects.. Efferent pathway defects. Abnormalities of pupillary reflexes.. Swinging Flashlight Test.. BY: Myada ...
  https://prezi.com/qpoa5_gkfyot/pen-torch/
*  Transfer function analysis from arterial baroreceptor afferent activity to renal nerve activity in rabbits.
Afferent Pathways / physiology. Animals. Aorta / innervation. Arteries / innervation*. Electrophysiology. Fourier Analysis. ... Our results suggest that over 0.02-0.3 Hz the relationship between arterial baroreceptor afferent nerve activity and RNA is ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Transfer-function-analysis-from-arterial/8304519.html
*  Neural mechanism and clinical significance of the plantar grasp reflex in infants.
Afferent Pathways / physiology. Animals. Child Development / physiology*. Hand Strength / physiology*. Humans. Infant. Infant, ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Neural-Mechanism-Clinical-Significance-Plantar/20610116.html
*  Respiratory Physiology MGL8
Afferent pathways - glossopharyngeal (carotid body) and vagus *Effect - Hyperpnea, bronchoconstriction *Arterial Baroreceptors ... This suggests that afferent information, from the vagus nerves (and possibly the spinal cord) may be important in preventing ... The nucleus of the tractus solitarius is a primary projection site of visceral afferents from the 9th and 10th cranial nerves, ... The location of the DRG within this tract suggests that the DRG may function to integrate afferent information for the control ...
  http://www.medschool.lsuhsc.edu/physiology/courses_respiratory_mgl8.aspx
*  Plus it
1998) Afferent pathways of pyrogen signaling. Ann. NY Acad. Sci. 856:95-107. ... It is well established that LPS very rapidly activates the C cascade (52). Lipid A initiates the classical pathway, and the ... 32], it is conceivable that vagal afferents originating in the liver may convey their released pyrogenic messages to the brain ... 1998) Bacterial endotoxin induces Fos immunoreactivity in primary afferent neurons of the vagus nerve. Neuroimmunomodulation 5: ...
  http://ajpregu.physiology.org/content/277/6/R1635
*  Afferent Nerve Fiber | Article about Afferent Nerve Fiber by The Free Dictionary
Find out information about Afferent Nerve Fiber. also centripetal, or sensory, fiber, the nerve cell outgrowth, or axon, that ... together with its membrane transmits excitation from the external and internal... Explanation of Afferent Nerve Fiber ... Related to Afferent Nerve Fiber: afferent pathway. Afferent Nerve Fiber. also centripetal, or sensory, fiber, the nerve cell ... The afferent nerve fibers that constitute the afferent nerves are subdivided into groups corresponding to the particular ...
  http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Afferent+Nerve+Fiber
*  TrkB as a Potential Synaptic and Behavioral Tag | Journal of Neuroscience
5A, 6D). When one afferent pathway (S1) to a specific population of CA1 neurons is activated by strong tetanic stimulation, ... 5C) (106 ± 2%). However, when one afferent pathway (e.g., S1) was activated by strong stimulation (12TBS), weak stimulation ( ... A, Two-pathway recording scheme. Two independent Schafer collateral pathways that project to the same CA1 neurons were ... Transient inhibition of TrkB around the time of weak TBS to the second pathway diminished L-LTP in that pathway without ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/31/33/11762.long
*  Cellular/molecular Physiology And Neurophysiology Flashcards by Ashley Hagen | Brainscape
... afferent pathway, integrating center, efferent pathway, and effector. The reflex for minimizing the decrease in body ... Contrast Pyramidal from Extrapyramidal pathways; explain the importance and the function of the Extrapyramidal pathways. Why ... Describe pain pathways, Nociceptors, and the mechanisms of pain sensation and blockage ... Design and illustrate a multi-enzyme pathway, controlled via negative feedback inhibition ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/cellular-molecular-physiology-and-neuroph-3253929/packs/5145992
*  Asymmetric Excitatory Synaptic Dynamics Underlie Interaural Time Difference Processing in the Auditory System
Comparison with afferent pathways. J Neurophysiol. 1998;79:253-269. [PubMed]. 16. Heffner R. S, Heffner H. E. Sound ... When the pathways are activated asynchronously, the MSO neurons do not respond. Thus, an ITD response function is the ... When both excitatory pathways are activated within a narrow time window, the MSO neuron detects the coincident excitatory ... We first confirmed the presence of an internal delay of the longer contralateral pathway (Figure 1B). In itself, this would ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2893945/
*  Negative Feedback - Homeostasis? - Biology-Online
4. Afferent pathway 5. Efferent pathway 3 characteristics of negative feedback: 1. Primary mechanism for homeostatic regulation ...
  https://www.biology-online.org/biology-forum/viewtopic.php?t=260
*  BIOSCIENCE - King's College London - Course Hero
Afferent Pathway: 3. Integrating Center: 4. Efferent Pathway: 5. Effectors: Negative Feedback: Neuronal 1. Involve: 2. Locate ...
  https://www.coursehero.com/sitemap/schools/2799-Kings-College-London/departments/685046-BIOSCIENCE/
*  Novel Agents for Intractable Itch
Proposed Mechanism of Action: blocks neuropathic afferent pathway. Gabapentin *300mg po daily and titrating to effect up to ... Like the pathways for pain and temperature, the message is relayed to the spinal cord, then crosses the midline and ascends via ...
  http://www.skintherapyletter.com/2008/13.1/2.html
*  Plus it
1973) Peripheral afferent pathway for acupuncture analgesia. Sci Sin 16:210-217. ... The role of afferent nerve fibers in mediating acupuncture depressor effects is under active investigation in our laboratory. ... During peroneal microneurography, afferent nerve fibers are stimulated at 1 Hz during microelectrode placement, which is very ... This is consistent with the hypothesis that acupuncture is mediated by activation of afferent nerve fibers. ...
  http://ajpregu.physiology.org/content/280/5/R1462
*  Patent US7403819 - Parasympathetic nerve stimulation for control of AV conduction - Google Patents
Both pathways include afferent pathways (e.g., from an organ to central neurons) and efferent pathways (e.g., postganglionic ... an approximate anatomical diagram of afferent vagal parasympathetic pathways 620, 620′ is shown. Vagal afferent pathways ... A "fast" pathway 328 is shown along with a "slow" pathway 332. In FIG. 3. , both pathways 328, 332 are oriented primarily from ... such afferent pathways lead to the nucleus tractus solitarius in the brainstem. In addition, stimulation of such afferent ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US7403819?dq=4316055
*  KAKEN - Research Projects | 脳の高次機能の計算論的および実験的研究 (KAKENHI
Release of glutamate and aspartate from the visual cortex of the cat following activation of afferent pathways.' Exp.Brain Res. ...
  https://kaken.nii.ac.jp/grant/KAKENHI-PROJECT-03251104/
*  Subfornical Organ Mediates Sympathetic and Hemodynamic Responses to Blood-Borne Proinflammatory CytokinesNovelty and...
All except the vagal afferent pathway are potentially excitatory. BBB indicates blood-brain barrier; COX-2, cyclooxygenase-2; ... The afferent discharges from sensors for interleukin 1 beta in the hepatoportal system in the anesthetized rat. J Auton Nerv ... Signal transduction pathways regulating cyclooxygenase-2 in lipopolysaccharide-activated primary rat microglia. Glia. 2005;51: ... Inflammatory cytokines stimulate the chemokines CCL2/MCP-1 and CCL7/MCP-3 through NFkB and MAPK dependent pathways in rat ...
  http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/62/1/118
*  Referred Muscle Pain: Basic and Clinical Findings : The Clinical Journal of Pain
Convergence of visceral and cutaneous afferent pathways in the lumbar spinal cord. Brain Res 1969;14:331-48.. *PubMed , ... but studies by Hoheisel and Mense54 showed a rare convergence of muscle afferents and other deep tissue afferents, such as ... Bifurcation of afferents from two different tissues has been suggested as an explanation of referred pain75 (Fig. 3C). Although ... Identification of muscle afferents subserving sensation of deep pain in humans. J Neurophysiol 1994;72:883-9.. * Cited Here... ...
  https://journals.lww.com/clinicalpain/pages/articleviewer.aspx?year=2001&issue=03000&article=00003&type=fulltext