BrazilPopulation Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Psychodidae: Small, hairy, moth-like flies which are of considerable public health importance as vectors of certain pathogenic organisms. Important disease-related genera are PHLEBOTOMUS, Lutzomyia, and Sergentomyia.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Insect Vectors: Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Indians, South American: Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Endemic Diseases: The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)Bertholletia: A plant genus of the family Lecythidaceae which is the source of edible Brazil nuts.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Simuliidae: Several species of the genus Simulium (family Simuliidae) that act as intermediate hosts (vectors) for the parasitic disease ONCHOCERCIASIS.

*  Maternal health in Brazil: priorities and challenges
Brazil is a signatory to the Millennium Declaration, and the most recent Brazilian National Progress Report on the Millennium ... To achieve the goal of improved women's health, Brazil must reach a maternal mortality ratio of no more than 35 deaths per 100 ... According to data from the National Demographic and Health Survey (PNDS) for 2006, 89% of pregnant women in Brazil attended at ... Improved maternal health based on reducing the MMR is a current priority and challenge for Brazil. In addition to guaranteeing ...
*  B Cell Lymphoma: January 2013
In Brazil, it is the fifth cause of cancer, with more than 55,000 cases and 26,000 deaths per year. At Hospital das Clínicas da ... Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo - USP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. ...
*  Coadjuvant Proceeding - Hyperbaric Oxygentherapy
Almeida (1882-1952), MD, brazilian, is considered pioneering world-wide of the use of the hyperbaric hyperoxia, having carried ...
*  Vulnerability and factors associated with HIV and syphilis among men who have sex with men , Belo Horizonte , MG - Semantic...
Divinópolis, MG - Brazil. 5 Nurse. Doctoral Student in Public Health, UFMG. Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil. 6 Infectologist. PhD ... Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil. 7 Physician. PhD in Public Health. Full Professor with the Department of Social Pharmacy, UFMG. ... Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil. 4 Infectologist. Doctoral student in Public Health, UFMG. Professor at Universidade Federal de São ... Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil. 3 Dental Surgeon. Doctoral Student in Public Health, UFMG. Epidemiologist, Municipal Health Office ...
*  Brazil
Brazilian forced labor victims have been identified abroad.. The Government of Brazil does not fully comply with the minimum ... Some Brazilian men, and to lesser extent children, are subjected to trabalho escravo in rural areas, often on cattle ranches, ... Brazil is a destination for men, women, and children from Bolivia, Paraguay, Peru, and China in situations of trabalho escravo ... Under Brazilian law, the term trabalho escravo, or slave labor, is defined as forced labor or labor performed during exhausting ...
*  Food - Brazil
Bem-vindo ao Brasil‎ , ‎ Food In Brazil a lot of people like to eat meat because of the animals. Chicken,BBQ chiken,beef and ...
*  Brazil
... , one of the world's largest and most populous countries. It is the largest country in South America, occupying almost ... Brazil's large size and diverse population provide great variety in the natural environment, culture, and economy. ... of the Brazilian Highlands to the south. The climate is generally tropical, but areas located at higher elevations or farther ...
*  Brazil
Springer - Our business is publishing. Throughout the world, we provide scientific and professional communities with superior specialist information;
*  IEA - Brazil
The goal of the Brazil Inova Energia Program is to boost cooperation and knowledge sharing between companies and technology ... Program is financed by National Development Bank - Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Economico e Social (BNDES); Brazilian ... National Development Bank - Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Economico e Social (BNDES); Brazilian Innovation Agency - ...,&return=PG5hdiBpZD0iYnJlYWRjcnVtYiI-PGEgaHJlZj0iLyI-SG9tZTwvYT4gJnJhcXVvOyA8YSBocmVmPSIvcG9saWNpZXNhbmRtZWFzdXJlcy8iPlBvbGljaWVzIGFuZCBNZWFzdXJlczwvYT4gJnJhcXVvOyA8YSBocmVmPSIvcG9saWNpZXNhbmRtZWFzdXJlcy9yZW5ld2FibGVlbmVyZ3kvIj5SZW5ld2FibGUgRW5lcmd5PC9hPjwvbmF2Pg,,
*  GOE (Brazil) - Wikipedia
This article is about the Brazilian police unit. For Portuguese police unit with the same name, see Grupo de Operações ... They recently distinguished themselves by imprisoning Lebanese Citizen Rana Koleilat, who was a fugitive in Brazil. She was ... Many have worked in other tactical units and some even have served for years the Brazilian Armed Forces. ... the São Paulo GOE has established itself as one of the largest and best police special forces units in Brazil. ...
*  IEA - Brazil
PROCEL GEM - Municipal Energy Management collaborates with the municipal administrator, the management and efficient use of power consuming units connected to the city. Its goal is to improve the management of electricity (purchasing, maintenance, and tariff review), identify opportunities for saving energy, reducing waste, using more efficient equipment shown, and greater awareness of the efficient use of energy by users.. PROCEL GEM aims to contribute to the strengthening of municipal competence in the management of electrical energy, and energy conservation at the local level.. The actions are based on the following guidelines:. ...,&return=PG5hdiBpZD0iYnJlYWRjcnVtYiI-PGEgaHJlZj0iLyI-SG9tZTwvYT4gJnJhcXVvOyA8YSBocmVmPSIvcG9saWNpZXNhbmRtZWFzdXJlcy8iPlBvbGljaWVzIGFuZCBNZWFzdXJlczwvYT4gJnJhcXVvOyA8YSBocmVmPSIvcG9saWNpZXNhbmRtZWFzdXJlcy9jbGltYXRlY2hhbmdlLyI-Q2xpbWF0ZSBDaGFuZ2U8L2E-PC9uYXY-
*  Brazil Blog
... which arrived in Brazil in the 1930's. However, this hypothesis is challenged by the recent observation that both Bd-Brazil and ... Bd-Brazil (a genotype known only from Brazil and possibly Japan with unknown virulence), and Bd-Hybrid (sexual genotypes ... The ultimate goal of the Brazilian research is to sample across the remaining fragments of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest from ... Map of the distribution of Bd in Brazil as known in 2012 (Fig 7 of Schloegel et al. 2012).. Despite the observation that Bd may ...
*  Brazil
President of Brazil * Brazilian Minister * Brazilian Governor * Brazilian Official * US Ambassador to Brazil * Brazilian ... Brazil. COUNTRY. Official Website:. Population:. 189,987,291 (2007 census). Founding Date:. 7-Sep- ...
*  Brazil
... (30-Nov-1944). Director: Joseph Santley. Writers: Frank Gill, Jr.; Laura Kerr; Richard English. Musical Director: Walter ...
*  Brazil Campaigns Away
The contest to succeed Brazil's mega-popular President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva has taken a turn toward the irrational. Lula's ... Brazil Campaigns Away. By Mac Margolis On 10/25/10 at 9:00 AM ... The contest to succeed Brazil's mega-popular President Luiz ... Even Petrobras was tarred by critics as "Petrosaurus" until Brazil ended the state monopoly on oil. On the stump, Rousseff and ... Serra may throw stones-but privatization will remain the bedrock of Brazil's prosperity. ...
*  BlackRock likes Brazil
... explains his firm's bullish position on Brazil ahead of the presidential election there. ... BlackRock likes Brazil 12:42 PM ET Thu, 11 Sept 2014 Will Landers, BlackRock managing director, explains his firm's bullish ...
*  WHO | Yellow fever - Brazil
The current advice by the WHO Secretariat for international travellers going to areas of Brazil deemed to be at risk is the ... There are no other additional changes with respect to other areas of Brazil determined to be at risk for yellow fever ... As of 3 April 2017, yellow fever virus transmission continues to expand towards the Atlantic coast of Brazil in areas not ... Updates on yellow fever vaccination recommendations for international travellers related to the current situation in Brazil. ...
*  Brazil : Wide Angle
Brazil in Black and White: Introduction. (September 4, 2007) BRAZIL IN BLACK AND WHITE follows the lives of five young college ... Brazil in Black and White: Discussion Guide Introduction. Brazil has long presented itself as a "racial democracy" but deep ... Brazil in Black and White: Video Segment 2. Iolanda dos Santos and her family moved to Brasilia from a poor region of northeast ... Brazil in Black and White: Video Segment 4. The University of Brasilia's affirmative action process is about to enter a crucial ...
*  Brazil
... Fernando de Noronha Northern coast Eastern coast (north of Rio de Janeiro) Southern Brazil Angra dos Reis Baia da Ilha ... Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Bulgaria Cambodia Canada Canary Islands Cape Verdes Cayman Islands Channel Islands Chile ... Brazil, Belem: Third armed boarding and robbery reported this month from Brazil (22 Apr 2014) ... Come to Brazil, you'll love it. Don't let the security column put you off, just take the precautions you would anywhere. And ...
*  Brazil - Wikitravel
... there is plenty to see and to do in Brazil. ==Understand== ... Brasil), [], is the largest country ... Brazil Air Pass. If you intend to visit various cities within Brazil, you should consider getting a Brazil Air Pass, offered by ... Brazilian cuisine also has a lot of imports: * Pizza is very popular in Brazil. In Sāo Paulo, travellers will find the highest ... Wiring money to Brazil can be done through Western Union [31] transfers to be picked up at a Banco do Brasil branch in most ...
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... the chairman of the Brazilian-American Chamber of Commerce's Person of the Year, discusses the future of Brazilian business ... with Joseph Leahy, the FT's Brazil bureau chief. ... Brazil's rising stars Sergio Millerman, the chairman of the ... discusses the future of Brazilian business with Joseph Leahy, the FT's Brazil bureau chief. ... Brazilian-American Chamber of Commerce's Person of the Year, ...
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Brazil's billionaire tycoon and owner of conglomerate EBX Group, Eike Batista, on the Southern Hemisphere's oil boom, building ... Brazil's Oil Boom 12:00 AM ET Fri, 4 May 2012 Brazil's billionaire tycoon and owner of conglomerate EBX Group, Eike Batista, on ...
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Brazil's economy is not in good shape, and it hopes private firms can help fix it. ... Brazil says privatization will grow a stagnant economy. By Andy Uhler. September 15, 2016 ... Is Brazil really ready for the Olympics? By Kai Ryssdal. July 13, 2016 ... Orlando tells nervous Brazilian tourists: don't worry. By Renata Sago. July 06, 2016 ...
*  Campus Party Brazil 2014
Here are some impressions from Campus Party Brazil 2014, in Sao Paulo (27 January - 2 February 2014). ... Source URL: ...
*  WikiLeaks - Bugging Brazil
Brazil: Political Affairs. S2C42. +55618197XXXX. BL MFA DME CHIEF AMB FIGUEIREDO MACHADO CELL. 2002-248*. 110308. 3. Brazil: ... Brazil: Political Affairs. S2C42. +55617813XXXX. BL PRES CHIEF OF STAFF PALOCCI. 2002-248*. 110103. 3. Brazil: Political ... Brazil: Political Affairs. S2C42. +4122346XXXX. BL AMB MACEDO SOARES GENEVA RESIDENCE. 2002-248*. 101214. 3. Brazil: Political ... Brazil: Political Affairs. S2C42. +49307262XXXX. BL AMB IN BERLIN EVERTON VARGAS. 2002-248*. 101214. 3. Brazil: Political ...

University of CampinasThreshold host density: Threshold host density (NT), in the context of wildlife disease ecology, refers to the concentration of a population of a particular organism as it relates to disease. Specifically, the threshold host density (NT) of a species refers to the minimum concentration of individuals necessary to sustain a given disease within a population.List of rivers of Brazil: This is a list of rivers in Brazil.Four Seasons Baltimore and Residences: Four Seasons Hotel Baltimore is currently a 22 story highrise hotel complex building which opened on November 14, 2011. The building's construction began back in 2007 and went through several changes.Adolfo Lutz: Adolfo Lutz (6 October 1855 – 18 December 1940) was a Brazilian physician, father of tropical medicine and medical zoology in Brazil, and a pioneer epidemiologist and researcher in infectious diseases.Peat swamp forest: Peat swamp forests are tropical moist forests where waterlogged soil prevents dead leaves and wood from fully decomposing. Over time, this creates a thick layer of acidic peat.Lampreado: thumb | 250px | right | LampreadoTheodor Bilharz Research Institute: The Theodor Bilharz Research Institute is located in Giza, Egypt.Epidemiological method: The science of epidemiology has matured significantly from the times of Hippocrates and John Snow. The techniques for gathering and analyzing epidemiological data vary depending on the type of disease being monitored but each study will have overarching similarities.

(1/13421) Use of wood stoves and risk of cancers of the upper aero-digestive tract: a case-control study.

BACKGROUND: Incidence rates for cancers of the upper aero-digestive tract in Southern Brazil are among the highest in the world. A case-control study was designed to identify the main risk factors for carcinomas of mouth, pharynx, and larynx in the region. We tested the hypothesis of whether use of wood stoves is associated with these cancers. METHODS: Information on known and potential risk factors was obtained from interviews with 784 cases and 1568 non-cancer controls. We estimated the effect of use of wood stove by conditional logistic regression, with adjustment for smoking, alcohol consumption and for other sociodemographic and dietary variables chosen as empirical confounders based on a change-in-estimate criterion. RESULTS: After extensive adjustment for all the empirical confounders the odds ratio (OR) for all upper aero-digestive tract cancers was 2.68 (95% confidence interval [CI] : 2.2-3.3). Increased risks were also seen in site-specific analyses for mouth (OR = 2.73; 95% CI: 1.8-4.2), pharyngeal (OR = 3.82; 95% CI: 2.0-7.4), and laryngeal carcinomas (OR = 2.34; 95% CI: 1.2-4.7). Significant risk elevations remained for each of the three anatomic sites and for all sites combined even after we purposefully biased the analyses towards the null hypothesis by adjusting the effect of wood stove use only for positive empirical confounders. CONCLUSIONS: The association of use of wood stoves with cancers of the upper aero-digestive tract is genuine and unlikely to result from insufficient control of confounding. Due to its high prevalence, use of wood stoves may be linked to as many as 30% of all cancers occurring in the region.  (+info)

(2/13421) A method for calculating age-weighted death proportions for comparison purposes.

OBJECTIVE: To introduce a method for calculating age-weighted death proportions (wDP) for comparison purposes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A methodological study using secondary data from the municipality of Sao Paulo, Brazil (1980-1994) was carried out. First, deaths are weighted in terms of years of potential life lost before the age of 100 years. Then, in order to eliminate distortion of comparisons among proportions of years of potential life lost before the age of 100 years (pYPLL-100), the denominator is set to that of a standard age distribution of deaths for all causes. Conventional death proportions (DP), pYPLL-100, and wDP were calculated. RESULTS: Populations in which deaths from a particular cause occur at older ages exhibit lower wDP than those in which deaths occur at younger ages. The sum of all cause-specific wDP equals one only when the test population has exactly the same age distribution of deaths for all causes as that of the standard population. CONCLUSION: Age-weighted death proportions improve the information given by conventional DP, and are strongly recommended for comparison purposes.  (+info)

(3/13421) Chagas' disease diagnosis: comparative analysis of parasitologic, molecular, and serologic methods.

During the course of chronic chagasic infection, low parasitemia levels prevent parasite detection by current techniques such as hemoculture and xenodiagnosis. Since serologic tests have sensitivity but lack specificity, molecular assays based on the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) have been proposed as alternative tools for parasite detection in individuals with chronic Chagas' disease. A variable degree of PCR efficiency has been reported in the literature and illustrates the need for further evaluation of large numbers of chagasic patients. In this study, we compared an optimized PCR technique with hemoculture and complement-mediated lysis (CoML) in 113 individuals from or living in endemic areas of Brazil who had conventional serologic results that were either positive, negative, or inconclusive. The PCR amplification yielded positive results in 83.5% (66 of 79) of individuals with positive serology, 47.6% (10 of 21) with negative serology, and 46.2% (6 of 13) with inconclusive serology. Of 10 patients with negative serology and positive PCR result, eight (80%) had positive CoML, indicating that they could have been chagasic but were not mounting immune responses. The PCR results were also positive for all individuals who had positive hemoculture, for 37 individuals with negative hemoculture and positive serology, and for two of six individuals with inconclusive serology and negative hemoculture. Thirteen individuals living in nonendemic areas who had negative serology were used as a negative control group: 100% had negative PCR results. Our results show that the optimized PCR protocol used here was very sensitive in detecting the presence of Trypanosoma cruzi in chronic chagasic patients. The PCR and CoML results were well correlated in all of the groups studied, which suggests that our PCR protocol may be effective in the evaluation of cure in patients who receive anti-parasite treatment.  (+info)

(4/13421) Extensive cross-contamination of specimens with Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a reference laboratory.

A striking increase in the numbers of cultures positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis was noticed in a mycobacterial reference laboratory in Campinas, Sao Paulo State, Brazil, in May 1995. A contaminated bronchoscope was the suspected cause of the increase. All 91 M. tuberculosis isolates grown from samples from patients between 8 May and 18 July 1995 were characterized by spoligotyping and IS6110 fingerprinting. Sixty-one of the 91 isolates had identical spoligotype patterns, and the pattern was arbitrarily designated S36. The 61 specimens containing these isolates had been processed and cultured in a 21-day period ending on 1 June 1995, but only 1 sample was smear positive for acid-fast bacilli. The patient from whom this sample was obtained was considered to be the index case patient and had a 4+ smear-positive lymph node aspirate that had been sent to the laboratory on 10 May. Virtually all organisms with spoligotype S36 had the same IS6110 fingerprint pattern. Extensive review of the patients' charts and investigation of laboratory procedures revealed that cross-contamination of specimens had occurred. Because the same strain was grown from all types of specimens, the bronchoscope was ruled out as the outbreak source. The most likely source of contamination was a multiple-use reagent used for specimen processing. The organism was cultured from two of the solutions 3 weeks after mock contamination. This investigation strongly supports the idea that M. tuberculosis grown from smear-negative specimens should be analyzed by rapid and reliable strain differentiation techniques, such as spoligotyping, to help rule out laboratory contamination.  (+info)

(5/13421) Dual and recombinant infections: an integral part of the HIV-1 epidemic in Brazil.

We systematically evaluated multiple and recombinant infections in an HIV-infected population selected for vaccine trials. Seventy-nine HIV-1 infected persons in a clinical cohort study in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, were evaluated for 1 year. A combination of molecular screening assays and DNA sequencing showed 3 dual infections (3.8%), 6 recombinant infections (7.6%), and 70 (88.6%) infections involving single viral subtypes. In the three dual infections, we identified HIV-1 subtypes F and B, F and D, and B and D; in contrast, the single and recombinant infections involved only HIV-1 subtypes B and F. The recombinants had five distinct B/F mosaic patterns: Bgag-p17/Bgag-p24/Fpol/Benv, Fgag-p17/Bgag-p24/Fpol/Fenv, Bgag-p17/B-Fgag-p24/Fpol/Fenv, Bgag-p17/B-Fgag-p24/Fpol/Benv, and Fgag-p17/B-Fgag-p24/Fpol/Fenv. No association was found between dual or recombinant infections and demographic or clinical variables. These findings indicate that dual and recombinant infections are emerging as an integral part of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Brazil and emphasize the heterogenous character of epidemics emerging in countries where multiple viral subtypes coexist.  (+info)

(6/13421) Integrating homoeopathy in health systems.

Homoeopathy is a therapy which involves many components and three main agents: the patient, with his or her condition and personal characteristics; the medication used, with its composition and manufacturing procedure; and the physician, with his or her approach to treatment and concepts of health. The development of research and evaluation structures, combined with a critical education in the discipline, would help to improve practices and define homoeopathy's potential role in relation to the other therapies, both conventional and unconventional, used in Western health systems.  (+info)

(7/13421) Full results of the genome-wide scan which localises a locus controlling the intensity of infection by Schistosoma mansoni on chromosome 5q31-q33.

Three hundred million individuals are at risk of infection by schistosomes, and thousands die each year of severe hepatic disease. Previous studies have shown that the intensity of infection by Schistosoma mansoni in a Brazilian population is controlled by a major gene, denoted as SM1. We report here the full results of a genome-wide search that was performed on this population to localise SM1. Two hundred and forty-six microsatellites were used for the primary map, and only one region in 5q31-q33 provided significant evidence of linkage. SM1 was subsequently mapped to this region, which contains several genes encoding cytokines or cytokine receptors which are involved in protection against schistosomes. Three additional regions, 1p22.2, 7q36 and 21q22-22-qter, yielded promising, although not significant, lod-score values. These regions contain candidate genes encoding cytokines or molecules relevant to anti-schistosome immunity.  (+info)

(8/13421) Familial clustering of diabetic nephropathy in Brazilian type 2 diabetic patients.

There is evidence for genetic predisposition to diabetic nephropathy in type 1 diabetic patients. However, there are few studies on type 2 diabetic patients, and most of those have been conducted on ethnic minorities or Caucasian individuals. The aim of this study was to ascertain the presence of an inherited predisposition to diabetic nephropathy in a sample of Brazilian type 2 diabetic patients. Families with two or more type 2 diabetic siblings were identified. Subjects with the longest duration of known diabetes were considered probands. Some 90 probands and their 107 diabetic siblings were studied. Urinary albumin excretion rate was measured in a sterile 24-h urine sample on at least three different occasions. Probands and siblings were classified according to urinary albumin excretion rate as normo- (<20 microg/min), micro- (20-200 microg/min), or macroalbuminuric (>200 microg/min). Patients with end-stage renal disease were included in the macroalbuminuric group. Macroalbuminuria was identified in 5.2% of the siblings of normoalbuminuric probands and in 24.1% of the siblings of macroalbuminuric probands (P = 0.024). In multiple logistic regression, the presence of diabetic nephropathy in probands (micro- or macroalbuminuria and end-stage renal disease) was significantly associated with the presence of sibling diabetic nephropathy (odds ratio = 3.75, 95% CI = 1.36-10.40, P = 0.011) adjusted for proband fasting plasma glucose and diabetes duration. Interpretation of these results should take into account the possibility that the families including siblings with diabetic nephropathy may have been overcounted and, on the other hand, that the siblings without diabetic nephropathy may have been undercounted. In conclusion, there is a familial aggregation of diabetic nephropathy in this sample of type 2 diabetic patients.  (+info)

  • 2017
  • As of 3 April 2017, yellow fever virus transmission continues to expand towards the Atlantic coast of Brazil in areas not deemed to be at risk for yellow fever transmission prior to the revised risk assessment, supported by the scientific and technical advisory group on geographical yellow fever risk mapping (GRYF). (
  • There are no other additional changes with respect to other areas of Brazil determined to be at risk for yellow fever transmission in 2013, as published by WHO in the Disease Outbreak News on 27 January 2017, 6 March 2017, and 20 March 2017. (
  • 1999
  • Following Allardyce's departure to Bolton Wanderers in October 1999, Brazil was prompted to take charge of a "Magpies" team that was enjoying a promising start to the season. (
  • Angela Brazil
  • Angela Brazil (pronounced "brazzle") (30 November 1868 - 13 March 1947) was one of the first British writers of "modern schoolgirls' stories", written from the characters' point of view and intended primarily as entertainment rather than moral instruction. (
  • Salvador
  • In addition to boasting the most beautiful beaches in Brazil, the Nordeste is dotted with great historical cities like Salvador, the first colonial capital of Brazil making it both a biologically and culturally captivating part of the country to visit. (
  • Marcello Brochini from Bahia Boats in Salvador went out of his way to show us more of Brazilian life - he can also assist in importing spare parts and yacht equipment duty free. (
  • 1955
  • Scott Brazil (May 12, 1955 - April 17, 2006) was an Emmy and Golden Globe Award-winning American television producer and director. (
  • 1989
  • However Brazil had already departed, having been picked up by Newcastle United for a fee of £200,000 (of which half was made up in a swap deal with Ian Bogie) in February 1989. (
  • Between 1983 and 1989, Brazil was Secretary of the Attorney-General's Department. (
  • Brazil was made an Officer of the Order of Australia in June 1989, in recognition of service to the Public Service as Secretary of the Attorney-General's Department. (
  • Zoo Brazil first started DJing in 1989. (
  • Paulo
  • Brazil is a destination for men, women, and children from Bolivia, Paraguay, Peru, and China in situations of trabalho escravo in garment factories and textile sweatshops in metropolitan centers, particularly Sao Paulo. (
  • Grupo de Operações Especiais ( Portuguese for Special Operations Group ), mostly known by its acronym GOE , is the elite Police Tactical Unit of the Civil Police of the state of São Paulo , Brazil . (
  • Having carried out innumerable successful tactical actions, the São Paulo GOE has established itself as one of the largest and best police special forces units in Brazil. (
  • It is a country of great diversity, from the bustling urban mosaic of São Paulo to the infinite cultural energy of Pernambuco and Bahia , the wilderness of the Amazon rainforest and world-class landmarks such as the Iguaçu Falls , there is plenty to see and to do in Brazil. (
  • Meanwhile, extermination and Christianizing of natives kept its pace, and the 19th and 20th Century saw a second wave of immigration, mainly Italian, German (in southern Brazil), Spanish, Japanese (In São Paulo State) and Portuguese, adding to the set of factors that generated today's complex and unique Brazilian culture and society. (
  • The same national competition sent Brazilian misters for other competitions, as below: Special Awards Mister Fort Ilocandia: Anderson Tomazini (2015) Mister Natasha: Anderson Tomazini (2015) Dream Man: César Curti (2011) Mr. Spirit: Alan Martini (2007) César Curti, the winner of 2011 edition, represented Distrito Federal in the national contest, but is actually from Ribeirão Preto, a city of inner São Paulo state. (
  • world's
  • Brazil , one of the world's largest and most populous countries. (
  • At 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles) and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the sixth-most populous. (
  • A member of the BRICS group, Brazil until 2010 had one of the world's fastest growing major economies, with its economic reforms giving the country new international recognition and influence. (
  • One of the world's major breadbaskets, Brazil has also been the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years. (
  • Brasilia
  • September 4, 2007) BRAZIL IN BLACK AND WHITE follows the lives of five young college hopefuls from diverse backgrounds as they compete to win a coveted spot at the elite University of Brasilia, where 20 percent of the incoming freshmen must qualify as Afro-Brazilian. (
  • Iolanda dos Santos and her family moved to Brasilia from a poor region of northeast Brazil. (
  • 1822
  • Following three centuries under the rule of Portugal, Brazil became an independent nation on September 7th, 1822. (
  • Independence was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system. (
  • club's
  • Brazil finished as the club's top scorer in 1991-92 with 14 goals, as the club missed out on the play-offs by three places and four points. (
  • In light of the club's failure to award Brazil a well-deserved testimonial Rovers fans organised a testimonial dinner on Sunday 26 October 1997. (
  • laid
  • Learn a few Portuguese words (hardly anybody can speak English), relax, take it easy, mix with the laid back Brazilian people, don't expect things done in a rush, make sure to stock up on their Cachaca - you will have a great time and then some more! (
  • In 1494, the two kingdoms of the Iberian Peninsula divided the New World between them (in the Treaty of Tordesillas), and in 1500 navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral landed in what is now Brazil and laid claim to it in the name of King Manuel I of Portugal. (
  • Latin America
  • Brazil is a regional power in Latin America and a middle power in international affairs, with some analysts identifying it as an emerging global power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. (
  • Portuguese Empire
  • Brazil became the centre of the Portuguese Empire by 1808, when the King Dom João VI (John VI) fled from Napoleon's invasion of Portugal and established himself and his government in the city of Rio de Janeiro . (
  • Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. (
  • producer
  • Darren Brazil (born December 1, 1984) is an American three-time Regional Emmy Award winning editor, producer and videographer who works in television and music video production. (
  • John Andersson, better known as Zoo Brazil, is a Swedish multiplatinum Grammy-nominated record producer, songwriter and DJ residing in Stockholm, Sweden. (
  • mainly
  • In contrast to the neighboring Spanish possessions, which had several viceroyalties with jurisdiction initially over New Spain (Mexico) and Peru, and in the eighteenth century expanded to viceroyalties of Rio de la Plata and New Granada, the Portuguese colony of Brazil was settled mainly in the coastal area by the Portuguese and a large black slave population working sugar plantations and mines. (
  • Segment
  • In 2006, Brazil was awarded the Peter J. Marino Production Scholarship by the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences, an achievement only to be succeeded the following year by winning two Northern California Area Emmys on three nominations for the popular A's On Deck Show segment, "Swisher Unscripted", and the High School Sports Focus documentary, "Mack Family: How Men Are Made. (
  • Each episode is followed by a ten-minute Wild Brazil Diaries segment, illustrating the techniques used to film a particular subject. (
  • colonial
  • Colonial Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil Colonial) comprises the period from 1500, with the arrival of the Portuguese, until 1815, when Brazil was elevated to a kingdom in union with Portugal as the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. (
  • Gold and diamonds were discovered and mined in southern Brazil through the end of the colonial era. (
  • Brazilian cities were largely port cities and the colonial administrative capital was moved several times in response to the rise and fall of export products' importance. (
  • years
  • Many have worked in other tactical units and some even have served for years the Brazilian Armed Forces . (
  • It is amazing to think that just a few years ago this project was initiated through an NSF/FAPESP Catalyzing New International Collaborations Grant to strengthen research ties between Brazilian and American institutions studying Bd in Brazil. (
  • The earliest pottery ever found in the Western Hemisphere was excavated in the Amazon basin of Brazil and radiocarbon dated to 8,000 years ago (6000 BC). (
  • Brazil was employed for five years at KICU (TV 36) in San Jose, California where he produced work for both the A's On Deck Show and High School Sports Focus. (
  • Scott Brazil was also partnered with Larry Garrison, President of SilverCreek Entertainment producing film and television for Eighteen years. (
  • area
  • Darren Brazil was born December 1, 1984 in the San Francisco Bay Area suburb of Castro Valley, California. (
  • 2009 marked the return to sports broadcasting for Brazil as he currently works at Comcast SportsNet Bay Area as an editor. (
  • vast
  • Exploiting vast natural resources and a large labor pool, today Brazil is Latin America's leading economic power and a regional leader, overshadowing the likes of Mexico and Argentina . (
  • The next season again was a disappointment, although Brazil was now a regular and scoring frequently Preston finished the season in 91st place in the Football League and were forced to seek re-election, forcing the powers that be at Deepdale to make vast changes. (
  • American
  • Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Union of South American Nations, Mercosul, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the CPLP. (
  • Bruno Brazil is the leader of a small, elite combat unit of the American secret service, the "Cayman Command", of which each member has some special skills. (
  • https
  •!-single/id880179929 " - Vengaboys - 2 Brazil! (
  • Player of t
  • Brazil was voted Player of the Year in 1987, as the club won promotion in second place, with Brazil and John Thomas scoring 48 goals between them. (
  • Brazil was Rovers Player of the Year the following season (Shamrock Rovers#Player of the Year Award recipients). (
  • countries
  • Brazilian women are found in sex trafficking abroad, often in Western Europe or neighboring countries such as Suriname, but also as far away as Japan. (
  • Some Brazilian women and children, as well as girls from other countries in the region, have been subjected to domestic servitude. (
  • This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection. (
  • Brazil is also a licensed Federal Communications Commission (FCC) amateur radio operator and an avid traveler, visiting approximately two dozen countries and over thirty U.S. states. (
  • forced labor
  • Under Brazilian law, the term trabalho escravo , or slave labor, is defined as forced labor or labor performed during exhausting work days or in degrading working conditions. (
  • Brazilian forced labor victims have been identified abroad. (
  • unique
  • Brazil in Black and White captures a unique moment as a nation looks in the mirror. (
  • history
  • Pat Brazil interviewed by John Farquharson in the Law in Australian society oral history project" (Interview). (
  • The Treaty of Tordesillas was arguably the most decisive[peacock term] event in all Brazilian history, since it alone determined that a portion of South America would be settled by Portugal instead of Spain. (
  • Made
  • In September, Brazil made his first appearance in front of the camera working as a featured extra in the music video "18 Days", the second single from the Virgin Records' band Saving Abel. (
  • Brazil made a major contribution to changing the nature of fiction for girls. (
  • Portugal
  • In 1815, the colony was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. (
  • The Portuguese "discovery" of Brazil was preceded by a series of treaties between the kings of Portugal and Castile, following Portuguese sailings down the coast of Africa to India and the voyages to the Caribbean of Genoese mariner sailing for Castile, Christopher Columbus. (
  • show
  • In December 2007 Cox Broadcasting, KICU's parent company, cancelled both the A's On Deck Show and High School Sports Focus resulting in Brazil, along with the entire KICU sports department, being released. (
  • Series
  • Wild Brazil is a British nature documentary series, first broadcast on BBC Two and BBC Two HD in January 2014. (
  • The series aired in the United States on Discovery Channel, under the title Brazil Gone Wild. (
  • Bruno Brazil is a Franco-Belgian comics series written by Greg, under the pseudonym Louis Albert, and drawn by William Vance. (
  • title
  • After he won the international title, Gianetti presented the 2005 Miss Universe Brazil award with Nayla Micherif, the winner of Miss Universe Brazil in 1997. (
  • region
  • This trip, the team drove over 1000 km across the Nordeste region of Brazil in June of 2015 adding six new sample localities. (
  • themselves
  • They recently distinguished themselves by imprisoning Lebanese Citizen Rana Koleilat , who was a fugitive in Brazil. (
  • Students who have identified themselves as Afro-Brazilian must pose for a photograph that will be evaluated by a secret committee. (
  • start
  • UK broadcast 15 January 2014 In the second instalment, some five months of Andes and Amazonian rain forest monsoon cause the mountain streams to swell and start a cascade of flooding, spectacularly affecting Brazilian wildlife. (
  • study
  • In the middle of his stint at TV36, Brazil took a temporary leave of absence to study abroad in London, England and intern at HSI London, the European outlet of the Los Angeles based music video and commercial production company, HSI. (
  • sold
  • Brazil was sold on to Preston North End for £25,000 in August 1985, but could not prevent Tommy Booth's "Lilywhites" from being relegated out of the Third Division. (
  • production
  • Some Brazilian men, and to lesser extent children, are subjected to trabalho escravo in rural areas, often on cattle ranches, charcoal production camps, sugar-cane plantations, as well as in logging, mining, and agricultural production. (