Chondroma: A benign neoplasm derived from mesodermal cells that form cartilage. It may remain within the substance of a cartilage or bone (true chondroma or enchondroma) or may develop on the surface of a cartilage (ecchondroma or ecchondrosis). (Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)Ischium: One of three bones that make up the coxal bone of the pelvic girdle. In tetrapods, it is the part of the pelvis that projects backward on the ventral side, and in primates, it bears the weight of the sitting animal.Chondrosarcoma: A slowly growing malignant neoplasm derived from cartilage cells, occurring most frequently in pelvic bones or near the ends of long bones, in middle-aged and old people. Most chondrosarcomas arise de novo, but some may develop in a preexisting benign cartilaginous lesion or in patients with ENCHONDROMATOSIS. (Stedman, 25th ed)Hyaline Cartilage: A type of CARTILAGE characterized by a homogenous amorphous matrix containing predominately TYPE II COLLAGEN and ground substance. Hyaline cartilage is found in ARTICULAR CARTILAGE; COSTAL CARTILAGE; LARYNGEAL CARTILAGES; and the NASAL SEPTUM.Soft Tissue Neoplasms: Neoplasms of whatever cell type or origin, occurring in the extraskeletal connective tissue framework of the body including the organs of locomotion and their various component structures, such as nerves, blood vessels, lymphatics, etc.Dura Mater: The outermost of the three MENINGES, a fibrous membrane of connective tissue that covers the brain and the spinal cord.
ChondromaNelaton's line: In anatomy, the Nelaton's Line (also known as the Roser-Nélaton line) is a theoretical line, in the moderately flexed hip, drawn from the anterior superior iliac spine to the tuberosity of the ischium.Myxoid chondrosarcoma: Myxoid chondrosarcoma is a type of sarcoma.Hyaline cartilageOsteolipochondroma: Osteolipochondroma (osteo, bone, lipos, fat, + chondros, cartilage, oma, tumor) is a cartilaginous tumor containing fatty and bony tissue.Falx cerebri: The falx cerebri is also known as the cerebral falx, named from its sickle-like form. It is a large, crescent-shaped fold of meningeal layer of dura mater that descends vertically in the longitudinal fissure between the cerebral hemispheres.
(1/97) Para-articular chondroma and osteochondroma of the infrapatellar fat pad: a report of three cases.
We report three cases of para-articular chondroma and osteochondroma in the region of infrapatellar fat pad. All three lesions were resected and examined histologically. Two of them were primarily cartilaginous with a lobular pattern internally, and one uniformly osseous with peripheral cartilage. We conclude that these lesions are not the same. The former should be designated para-articular chondroma after Jaffe and the latter, osteochondroma. (+info)
(2/97) Sellar chondroma--case report.
A 12-year-old boy presented with right visual disturbance. Skull radiography and computed tomography (CT) showed an irregular deformity of the sella turcica, hypertrophic change of the dorsum sellae, and an inhomogeneously calcified mass in the sella turcica. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging demonstrated the mass lesion filled the hypophyseal fossa, and extended to the dorsum sellae, right cavernous sinus, and right suprasellar region. The Dolenc pterional combined epidural and subdural approach was carried out. The histological diagnosis was chondroma. Sellar chondroma requires relief of the compression to the chiasm or optic nerve as soon as possible, so partial resection can still be beneficial. However, follow-up MR imaging or CT, visual examination, and control of pituitary dysfunction are required after the operation. (+info)
(3/97) Spontaneous neoplasms in captive African cane rats (Thryonomys swinderianus Temminck, 1827).
Despite the increasing importance of cane rat (Thryonomys swinderianus) farming in Africa, diseases of these animals in captivity are not well known. A survey of a colony in Gabon averaging 235 cane rats over a period of 36 months allowed the observation of several suspected tumors and the confirmation of three cases of neoplasms. Within a period of 8 months, a chondroma in an adult female, a hemangiosarcoma in a subadult male, and a chondrosarcoma in an elderly female were diagnosed. This incidence (1.3%) of neoplasms in the cane rat colony in such a short period is uncommon. Neoplasms in rodents might be induced by such factors as a high inbreeding coefficient, an oncogenic virus, or chemical agent intoxication. Although the etiology remains undetermined, these cases are described to provide baseline data on the pathology of this species in captivity. (+info)
(4/97) Giant chondromas arising from the ribs. A report of four cases.
Chondromas may arise from the ribs but seldom grow to giant size. In a series of twenty-one cases, four giant tumours were encountered. Three were treated by excision without leaving a significant defect of the chest wall or impairment of respiration; the fourth was examined by biopsy. No evidence of malignant change was discovered in these four large tumours. (+info)
(5/97) Extraskeletal chondroma of the fallopian tube.
Extraskeletal chondroma can occur in the hands, feet, head and neck. This tumor usually presents as a small solitary nodule. The histogenesis of the tumor is controversial, but some have suggested a metaplastic origin. Chondroma of the fallopian tube is very rare. There is only one report in English literature. The origin of this tumor can be subcoelomic mesenchyme of the tubal serosa or mesenchyme of the myosalpinx. We describe a case of chondroma arising from the serosal surface of the fallopian tube with a review of literature. A 30-yr-old woman visited hospital due to left adnexal mass. On operating finding, 2 x 3 cm sized nodular mass was noted on the left tubal serosal area. The excised mass showed multilobulated appearance covered with thin fibrous membrane. The cut surface was solid, grayish yellow, and myxoid with a focal gelatinous area. The microscopic finding showed islands and elongated lobules of mature benign cartilage without cytologic atypia. (+info)
(6/97) Malignant transformation in human chondrosarcoma cells supported by telomerase activation and tumor suppressor inactivation.
Human chondrosarcomas do not respond to current chemotherapies or radiation therapy, and their size and histological appearance do not reliably predict the risk of local recurrence and metastases, making selection of surgical treatment difficult. Identifying mechanisms responsible for the proliferation and invasive behavior of these tumors would be of immense clinical value. We hypothesized that telomerase expression is one of these mechanisms. We detected telomerase expression in 7 of 16 chondrosarcomas, but cells cultured from telomerase-negative chondrosarcomas acquired strong telomerase activity and lost tumor suppressor activity after their establishment in culture. These changes were associated with accelerated indefinite cell proliferation, morphological transition, and increased invasive activity, indicating that telomerase activation and loss of cell cycle control leads to the emergence of aggressive cells from chondrosarcoma cell populations. These observations may lead to better understanding of the factors responsible for malignant transformation, local recurrence, and metastases of cartilage neoplasms. (+info)
(7/97) Painful soft-tissue reaction to injectable Norian SRS calcium phosphate cement after curettage of enchondromas.
A prospective single-cohort study was designed to include 20 patients with enchondromas but was stopped because of poor early results. Four patients with an enchondroma, three in the proximal humerus and one in the distal femur, were treated by curettage and filling of the defect with Norian SRS cement. Clinical and radiological follow-up including CT and MRI was carried out for 18 months. All three patients with lesions in the proximal humerus had severe pain and limited movement of the shoulder. The radiological and CT appearances of the cement were unchanged at follow-up. There were characteristic appearances of synovitis and periosteitis on MRI in two patients. Since the cement induces a soft-tissue reaction the bony cavity should be sealed with the curetted and burred bone after curettage and introduction of Norian cement, especially in sites where a tourniquet cannot be applied. (+info)
(8/97) Chondroid chordoma presenting with hypopituitarism.
A 28-year-old man with chondroid chordoma, an uncommon variant of chordoma, is reported. The patient presented with visual disturbance and hypopituitarism. The latter is a rare complication of intracranial chordoma. The preoperative diagnosis of chondroid chordoma of the skull base was based on unique findings on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging studies. The development of the tumor over six years suggests that the prognosis of chondroid chordoma may be poor in younger patients, as recently reported. Although chondroid chordoma is very rare, it should be included in the differential diagnosis of hypopituitarism. (+info)