*  Safflower oil High Oleic
INCI Name : Carthamus Tinctorius Sees Oil Product Description : More stable safflower oil due to higher content of Oleic acid. ... Safflower oil (Distel oil) is obtained from ripe seeds taken from the Carthamus tinctorius L. (Asteraceae). It has the highest ...
  http://www.pioma.net/nutraceuticals/Oils/SafflowerHigh/
*  Colletotrichum simmondsii Causing Anthracnose on Safflower in the Czech Republic
Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) is an oil crop that is suitable for dry growing conditions in the Czech Republic. Most of ...
  http://www.apsnet.org/publications/plantdisease/2011/January/Pages/95_1_79.1.aspx
*  HUMİK ASİT UYGULAMA ZAMANI ve DOZLARININ ASPİR (Carthamus tinctorius L.)'DE VERİM, VERİM ÖĞELERİ VE YAĞ ORANINA ETKİSİ | Ankara...
Gibberellik asidin aspir (carthamus tinctorius l.)'de erkek kısırlık, tohum verimi ile yag ve yag asitleri sentezi üzerine ... Aspir (Carthamus tinctorius L.)'e uygulanan ethephon'un verim ve verim ögelerine etkileri. Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fak. ... Aspir (carthamus tinctorius l.)'de çiçeklenme intervalleri, tabla çiçeklenme tarihi ve tabla pozisyon etkisi ile ... Aspir (Carthamus tinctorius L.)'de farklı büyüme dönemlerinde saptanan içsel büyüme hormonlarının çiçeklenme üzerine olan ...
  http://acikarsiv.ankara.edu.tr/browse/3128/
*  କୁସୁମ - ଉଇକିପିଡ଼ିଆ
Effectiveness of Carthamus tinctorius L. in the Restitution of Lipid Composition in Irradiated Rats. Egypt. J. Rad. Sci. Applic ... ଉଇକିମିଡ଼ିଆ କମନ୍ସରେ Carthamus tinctorius ବାବଦରେ ମାଧ୍ୟମ ରହିଛି ।. *Complementary and Alternative Healing University (Chinese ... କୁସୁମ (ଉଦ୍ଭିଦ ବିଜ୍ଞାନ ନାମ Carthamus tinctorius କାର୍ଥାମସ ଟିଂଟୋରିୟସ) ହେଉଛି ଏକ ବହୁଶାଶା ଯୁକ୍ତ ଗୁଳ୍ମ ଜାତୀୟ, ସପୁଷ୍ପକ, ଦ୍ୱୀବୀଜପତ୍ରୀ, ...
  https://or.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E0%AC%95%E0%AD%81%E0%AC%B8%E0%AD%81%E0%AC%AE
*  Organic bodyweight loss nutritional supplement one may not have heard of! - Bottom Foot Pain vs Top Foot Pain!!
We will start with the Safflower this is also recognized as (Carthamus tinctorius) which is a… ... INCI nomenclature is Carthamus tinctorius.. There are two versions of safflower that generate alternative types of oil: one ... We will start with the Safflower this is also recognized as (Carthamus tinctorius) which is a extremely branchy, herbaceous, ...
  https://treatmyfeetplease.wordpress.com/2017/09/05/organic-bodyweight-loss-nutritional-supplement-one-may-not-have-heard-of/
*  Solaray - Safflower 390mg - 100ct Cap
Serving Size: 1 Capsule 100 Servings per container Ingredients: Amount Per Serving - % Daily Value Safflower (Carthamus ... tinctorius) 390 mgOther Ingredients: Gelatin (capsule), cellulose ...
  http://www.totaldiscountvitamins.com/create_review/10251/safflower
*  Carthamus tinctorius, Safflower image
... identification and distribution of Carthamus tinctorius, Safflower image ... Carthamus tinctorius, Safflower. click on image to enlarge. © Graham Wyatt, 2009-2010 Email full-size image and text title. ... IM/I_GEW/0016/320/Carthamus_tinctorius,_Safflower,I_GEW1632.jpg. width=320 x height=213 pixels; size=51964 bytes Discover Life ...
  http://www.discoverlife.org/mp/20p?see=I_GEW1632
*  IJMS | Free Full-Text | Determination of Mineral Content in Methanolic Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) Seed Extract and Its...
Carthamus tinctorius L.) seeds are used as a folk medicine to enhance bone formation or to prevent osteoporosis in Korea. ... Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) seeds are used as a folk medicine to enhance bone formation or to prevent osteoporosis in ... Determination of Mineral Content in Methanolic Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) Seed Extract and Its Effect on Osteoblast ... Determination of Mineral Content in Methanolic Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) Seed Extract and Its Effect on Osteoblast ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/10/1/292
*  Carthamus Tinctorius in Aalanavara, Top 10 Carthamus Tinctorius Aalanavara
Justsee provide the top 10 carthamus tinctorius Chennai, addresses, phone numbers, contact information. ... Find the best carthamus tinctorius in Aalanavara. ...
  https://www.justseeyellowpages.com/carthamus-tinctorius-aalanavara
*  Carthamus tinctorius, Safflower, leaf tip upper image
... identification and distribution of Carthamus tinctorius, Safflower, leaf tip upper image ... Carthamus tinctorius, Safflower, leaf tip upper. click on image to enlarge. © Graham Wyatt, 2009-2010 Email full-size image and ... IM/I_GEW/0016/320/Carthamus_tinctorius,_Safflower,_leaf_tip_upper,I_GEW1623.jpg. width=320 x height=213 pixels; size=39332 ...
  http://www.discoverlife.org/mp/20p?see=I_GEW1623
*  Safflower / Carthamus Tinctorius / Gurkum
Carthamus tinctorius L. ameliorates brain injury followed by cerebral ischemia-reperfusion in rats by antioxidative and anti- ... Antidiabetic effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Carthamus tinctorius L. in alloxan-induced diabetic rats.. ...
  http://www.purevisionbio.com/bio/safflower-carthamus-tinctorius-gurkum/
*  Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) | Plant Profiler | China-Mainland | Sigma-Aldrich
18:2, American saffron, Asteraceae (family), bastard saffron, Carthamus tinctorius , Carthamus tinctorius L., Compositae ( ... In an in vitro study, the compound (Zhu-xiang) from herbal extracts containing ginseng and Carthamus tinctorius showed a ... Uterine stimulation effects: According to laboratory study, Carthamus tinctorius has stimulating action on the uterus of mouse ... Shi, M., Chang, L., and He, G. [Stimulating action of Carthamus tinctorius L., Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels and Leonurus ...
  https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/china-mainland/zh/life-science/nutrition-research/learning-center/plant-profiler/carthamus-tinctorius.html
*  Carthamus tinctorius Honghua extract Summary Report | CureHunter
Carthamus tinctorius, Honghua); active principle may be a neutral monosaccharide; crude extract (1gm/ml) contained 149-63 mmol/ ... Carthamus tinctorius Honghua extract: neuroprotective extract from the petals of the Chinese safflower ( ... Carthamus tinctorius Honghua extract. Subscribe to New Research on Carthamus tinctorius Honghua extract ... neuroprotective extract from the petals of the Chinese safflower (Carthamus tinctorius, Honghua); active principle may be a ...
  http://www.curehunter.com/public/keywordSummaryC079426-Carthamus-tinctorius-Honghua-extract.do
*  Nutrients | Free Full-Text | Phenolic Composition, Antioxidant Activity and Anti-Adipogenic Effect of Hot Water Extract from ...
This study was to evaluate the phenolic content and composition of Carthamus tinctorius L. seed extract (CSE) and to further ... Carthamus tinctorius L. seed; 3T3-L1 adipocyte; hot-water extract antioxidant activity; phenolic compound; Carthamus tinctorius ... Carthamus tinctorius L.) Seed. Nutrients 2013, 5, 4894-4907. AMA Style. Yu S-Y, Lee Y-J, Kim J-D, Kang S-N, Lee S-K, Jang J-Y, ... This study was to evaluate the phenolic content and composition of Carthamus tinctorius L. seed extract (CSE) and to further ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/5/12/4894/xml
*  IJMS | Free Full-Text | Determination of Mineral Content in Methanolic Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) Seed Extract and Its...
Carthamus tinctorius L.) seeds are used as a folk medicine to enhance bone formation or to prevent osteoporosis in Korea. ... Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) seeds are used as a folk medicine to enhance bone formation or to prevent osteoporosis in ... Determination of Mineral Content in Methanolic Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) Seed Extract and Its Effect on Osteoblast ... Determination of Mineral Content in Methanolic Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) Seed Extract and Its Effect on Osteoblast ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/10/1/292/xml
*  Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) Alternative Medicine
Safflower is a showy grass belonging to the family Compositae tubulifloras. It usually reaches two feet tall and its stem is straight and erect, the leaves have...
  https://www.mtplantas.com/eng/plants/alazor.htm
*  Carthamus tinctorius
Tag Archives: Carthamus tinctorius. Natural dyes - the eco friendly alternative !. Posted on March 23, 2016 by theuntamedearth ... Carthamus tinctorius, charcoal black, cinnabar, Crocus sativus, Curcuma longa, Dactylopius coccus, dolu, Dyers knotweed ( ... Polygonum tinctorium), Flame of the Forest, Flavobacterium, gypsum, I.errecta, I.sumatrana, I.tinctoria, Indian madder, Indian ... Wrightia tinctoria) and Khum (Strobillanthes flaccidifolius), Palas, patang, pomegranate, Pseudomonas, Punica granatum, ...
  http://www.theuntamedearth.com/tueblog/tag/carthamus-tinctorius/
*  Safflower - Carthamus Tinctorius - Plants - Plante System
Rich in serotonin and omega-6, it helps synthesize fibroblasts. Hydrating and regenerating skin are carthame oilâ s major qualities. It is using in our products Plante System:ANTI-AGEING HIBISCUS EMULSION, HIBISCUS TINTED MOISTURAIZING FLUID, EXTREME
  http://www.plantesystem.com/plants/carthame-safflower-4.html
*  Mineral Wear Talc-Free Mineral Airbrushing Pressed Powder SPF 30
Carthamus Tinctorius (Safflower) Seed Oil, Tocopheryl Acetate, Retinyl Palmitate, Ascorbyl Palmitate, Magnesium Silicate, ... Carthamus Tinctorius (Safflower) Seed Oil, Tocopheryl Acetate, Retinyl Palmitate, Ascorbyl Palmitate, Magnesium Silicate, ...
  https://www.ulta.com/mineral-wear-talc-free-mineral-airbrushing-pressed-powder-spf-30?productId=xlsImpprod4090139&sku=2241353&navAction=push&navCount=1
*  Color Therapy™
CARTHAMUS TINCTORIUS (SAFFLOWER) SEED OIL, BUTYLENE GLYCOL, MACROCYSTIS PYRIFERA (KELP) EXTRACT, HYDROLYZED CONCHIOLIN PROTEIN ...
  https://www.sallyhansen.com/us/nail-color/color-therapy?shade=wellwellwell110
*  Oribe Styling Products - ShopStyle Canada
Carthamus Tinctorius (Safflower) Seed Oil, Amp Isostearoyl Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein, Calendula Officinalis Flower Extract, ...
  https://www.shopstyle.ca/browse/hair-styling-products/oribe
*  FaceMaster Organic Glyco-Peptide Neck Firming Serum
Carthamus Tinctorius (Safflower) Oleosomes (and) Water (Emulsifier-free Delivery System) (1), Glycerin (and) Water (and) ...
  https://www.facemaster.com/products/facemaster-organic-glyco-peptide-neck-firming-serum-1

(1/40) Developmental transition of the flavonoid contents in safflower leaves during stress-loaded cultivation.

We have previously reported that strong visible light with limited water caused a significant increase in the polyphenol contents of safflower seedlings (Carthamus tinctrius L.), suggesting that the appropriate stress loading could be applied to effectively cultivate flavonoid-rich plants. In this present study, we investigated in detail the time-dependent transition in the flavonoid contents of safflower leaves during the stress-loaded cultivation. In the cotyledons, the light/water stress continuously increased the content of luteolin 7-O-glucoside, which is a strong antioxidant, whereas the content of acacetin 7-O-glucuronide, a weak antioxidant, generally remained unchanged. In the foliage leaves under the stress condition, the contents of the flavonoid glucosides (luteolin 7-O-glucoside and quercetin 7-O-glucoside) markedly increased on the 2nd day and then decreased to the level before stress loading on the 5th day. These results indicate that appropriate selection of the time for stress loading could provide more flavonoid-rich plants during the practical cultivation of vegetables.  (+info)

(2/40) Inheritance of flower color and spininess in safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.).

Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) flowers are used for coloring and flavoring food and also as fresh-cut and dried flowers. The most important characteristics which contribute to the ornamental value of safflower are flower color and spinelessness. The objective of this study was to determine the inheritance mode and the number of genes controlling spininess and flower color in some Iranian genotypes of safflower. The results indicated that the existence of spines on the leaves and bracts of safflower is controlled by a single dominant gene in which the spiny phenotype was completely dominant to spineless. In some crosses, flower color was controlled by two epistatic loci each with two alleles, resulting in a ratio of 13:3 in the segregating F2 population for plants with orange and yellow flowers. Also, other mechanisms of genetic control, such as duplicate dominance and duplicate recessive types of epistasis, were observed for flower color in other crosses that led to ratios of 7:9 and 15:1 for plants with orange and yellow flowers, respectively. The results suggest that for ornamental use or in the food dying industry, genotypes with orange or yellow flowers and without spines on the leaves and bracts can be produced.  (+info)

(3/40) Influence of supplemental cracked high-linoleate or high-oleate safflower seeds on site and extent of digestion in beef cattle.

Our objectives were to evaluate ruminal fermentation patterns, apparent ruminal biohydrogenation, and site and extent of nutrient disappearance in cattle fed supplemental cracked safflower seeds differing in 18 C fatty acid profile. Nine Angus x Gelbvieh heifers (641 +/- 9.6 kg) fitted with ruminal and duodenal cannulas were used in a triplicated 3 x 3 Latin square. Cattle were fed (OM basis) 9.1 kg of bromegrass hay and either 1) 1.8 kg of corn and 0.20 kg of soybean meal (Control); 2) 0.13 kg of soybean meal and 1.5 kg of cracked high-linoleate (67.2% 18:2) safflower seeds (Linoleate); or 3) 1.5 kg of cracked high-oleate (72.7% 18:1) safflower seeds (Oleate). Safflower seed supplements were formulated to provide similar quantities of N and TDN and 5% dietary fat. Single degree of freedom orthogonal contrasts (Control vs. Linoleate and Oleate; Linoleate vs. Oleate) were used to evaluate treatment effects. True ruminal OM and ruminal NDF disappearances (percentage of intake) were greater (P < or =0.02) for Control than Linoleate and Oleate. True ruminal N degradability (% of intake) was not different (P = 0.38) among treatments. Apparent ruminal biohydrogenation of dietary 18:2 was greatest (Linoleate vs. Oleate, P < 0.001) for Linoleate, whereas biohydrogenation of dietary 18:1 was greatest (Linoleate vs. Oleate, P = 0.02) for Oleate. Duodenal flow of 18:0 was least (P < 0.001) for Control but did not differ (P = 0.92) between Oleate and Linoleate. Total flow of unsaturated fatty acid to the duodenum was greatest (P < 0.001) in cattle fed safflower seeds, and was greater with Linoleate (P < 0.001) than with Oleate. Duodenal flow of 18:1 and 18:2 increased (P < 0.001) in Oleate and Linoleate, respectively. Duodenal flow of 18:1trans-11 was greater (P < 0.001) in cattle fed safflower seeds and in Linoleate than in Oleate. Postruminal disappearance of saturated fatty acids was greatest (P < 0.001) for Control; however, postruminal disappearance of total unsaturated fatty acids was greater (P = 0.002) for Linoleate vs. Oleate. Supplemental high-linoleate or high-oleate safflower seeds to cattle fed forage-based diets may negatively affect ruminal OM and fiber disappearance but not N disappearance. Provision of supplemental fat in the form of safflower seeds that are high in linoleic acid increased intestinal supply and postruminal disappearance of unsaturated fatty acids, indicating that the fatty acids apparently available for metabolism are affected by dietary fat source.  (+info)

(4/40) High linoleic acid safflower seed supplementation for gestating ewes: effects on ewe performance, lamb survival, and brown fat stores.

Objectives of this study were to determine whether feeding high-linoleic safflower seed to gestating ewes increases cold tolerance and survival in lambs, and whether brown adipose tissue (BAT) stores in lambs are affected by prepartum safflower seed supplementation. In Trial 1, 234 gestating ewes (122 in yr 1 and 112 in yr 2; 75.5 and 81.2 +/- 0.6 kg initial BW for yr 1 and 2, respectively) were allotted randomly to one of two dietary treatments (four pens*treatment(-1)*yr(-1)). Ewes were fed alfalfa-based diets containing (DM basis) either 2.8 (LF) or 5.7% (HF) dietary fat beginning 55 (yr 1) and 42 (yr 2) +/- 1 d prepartum. In Trial 2, 40 Rambouillet cross ewes gestating twins (82.9 +/- 1.7 kg BW) were used in 2 yr (20/yr) and were fed diets containing (DM basis) either 1.9 (LF) or 4.9% (HF) dietary fat beginning 53.4 +/- 1.4 d prepartum. The basal diet was 37.5% each of grass and alfalfa hays and 25% corn silage (DM basis). Cracked safflower seeds (18% CP, 32% fat, 25.6% linoleic acid; DM basis) were used as the supplement in HF, whereas safflower meal and corn were used as the supplement in LF for both trials. At parturition, one lamb from each ewe was selected randomly for slaughter. Perirenal (PR) and pericardial (PC) BAT was excised and weighed, and the carcass was frozen for compositional analysis. In Trial 1, more lambs from HF 0.03; 15.4 vs. 5.8 +/- 2.8%), and dams survived (P = 0.03; 88.4 vs. 78.3 +/- 2.9%), fewer died due to starvation (P = there was a tendency for fewer to die due to pneumonia (P = 0.07; 0.0 vs. 1.7 +/- 0.6%). Ewes fed HF tended to wean more lambs per ewe (P = 0.09; 1.4 vs. 1.2 +/- 0.06) but had similar lamb weight weaned per ewe (P = 0.51; 23.1 +/- 1.22 kg). In Trial 2, prepartum ewe plasma NEFA and glucose concentrations increased with advancing gestation (P < 0.001). Lamb rectal temperature tended (P = 0.08) to be higher in LF lambs and tended (P = 0.06) to increase following parturition. Perirenal BAT weight did not differ among treatments (33.01 +/- 1.66 g; P = 0.28; 0.62 +/- 0.30% BW; P = 0.60). Lambs from LF dams tended (P = 0.08) to have greater PC BAT weight; however, the effect was not significant when expressed as a percentage of BW (0.13 +/- 0.007; P = 0.98). High-linoleic safflower seeds fed during the last 45 d of gestation may be beneficial in improving lamb survivability. Our data do not indicate this response was a result of increased BAT stores. More research is necessary to determine mechanisms that enhance lamb survival when high-linoleic saf-flower seed is fed during gestation.  (+info)

(5/40) Inhibitory effects of active compounds isolated from safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) seeds for melanogenesis.

In order to develop a new skin whitening agent, safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) seeds were evaluated for melanogenesis inhibitory activity and its active principles were identified following activity-guided isolation. The 80% aqueous methanol extract and ethyl acetate fraction from safflower seeds showed a significant inhibition for mushroom tyrosinase. Three active compounds, N-feruloylserotonin, N-(p-coumaroyl)serotonin, and acacetin, were isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction as the active principles. Compared with arbutin (IC50=0.223 mM), the IC50 values of these compounds were 0.023, 0.074, and 0.779 mM for N-feruloylserotonin, N-(p-coumaroyl)serotonin, and acacetin, respectively. It was also found that N-feruloylserotonin and N-(p-coumaroyl)serotonin strongly inhibited the melanin production of Streptomyces bikiniensis and B16 melanoma cells in comparison with a known melanogenesis inhibitor, arbutin.  (+info)

(6/40) Novel repeated DNA sequences in safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) (Asteraceae): cloning, sequencing, and physical mapping by fluorescence in situ hybridization.

Two novel repetitive DNA sequences, pCtKpnI-1 and pCtKpnI-2, were isolated from Carthamus tinctorius (2n = 2x = 24) and cloned. Both represent tandemly repeated sequences. The pCtKpnI-1 and pCtKpnI-2 clones constitute repeat units of 343-345 bp and 367 bp, respectively, with 63% sequence heterogeneity between the two. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was employed on metaphase chromosomes of C. tinctorius using, simultaneously, pCtKpnI-1 and pCtKpnI-2 repeated sequences. The pCtKpnI-1 sequence was found to be exclusively localized at subtelomeric regions on most of the chromosomes. On the other hand, sequence of the pCtKpnI-2 clone was distributed on two nucleolar and one nonnucleolar chromosome pairs. The satellite, and the intervening chromosome segment between the primary and secondary constrictions, in the two nucleolar chromosome pairs were wholly constituted by pCtKpnI-2 repeated sequence. The pCtKpnI-2 repeated sequence, showing partial homology to intergenic spacer (IGS) of 18S-25S ribosomal RNA genes of an Asteraceae taxon (Centaurea stoebe), and the 18S-25S rRNA gene clusters were located at independent, but juxtaposed sites in the nucleolar chromosomes. Variability in the number, size, and location of the two repeated sequences provided identification of most of the chromosomes in the otherwise not too distinctive homologues within the complement. This article reports the start of a molecular cytogenetics program targeting the genome of safflower, a major world oil crop about whose genetics very little is known.  (+info)

(7/40) Kinobeon A, purified from cultured safflower cells, is a novel and potent singlet oxygen quencher.

We recently reported that kinobeon A, produced from safflower cells, suppressed the free radical-induced damage of cell and microsomal membranes. In the present study, we investigated whether kinobeon A quenches singlet oxygen, another important active oxygen species. Kinobeon A inhibited the singlet oxygen-induced oxidation of squalene. The second-order rate constant between singlet oxygen and kinobeon A was 1.15 x 10(10) M(-1)s(-1) in methanol containing 10% dimethyl sulfoxide at 37 degrees C. Those of alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene, which are known potent singlet oxygen quenchers, were 4.45 x 10(8) M(-1)s(-1) and 1.26 x 10(10) M(-1)s(-1), respectively. When kinobeon A was incubated with a thermolytic singlet oxygen generator, its concentration decreased. However, this change was extremely small compared to the amount of singlet oxygen formed and the inhibitory effect of kinobeon A on squalene oxidation by singlet oxygen. In conclusion, kinobeon A was a strong singlet oxygen quencher. It reacted chemically with singlet oxygen, but it was physical quenching that was mainly responsible for the elimination of singlet oxygen by kinobeon A. Kinobeon A is expected to have a preventive effect on singlet oxygen-related diseases of the skin or eyes.  (+info)

(8/40) Dietary supplementation with safflower seeds differing in fatty acid composition differentially influences serum concentrations of prostaglandin F metabolite in postpartum beef cows.

Synthesis and secretion of prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF2alpha) is elevated following parturition and exerts divergent effects on the re-establishment of fertile estrous cycles in cows. The objective of these experiments was to determine if oil seed supplements differing in fatty acid composition differentially influence serum concentrations of the specific PGF2alpha metabolite, PGFM. Safflower seed supplements were formulated to provide 5% of dry-matter intake as fat. In Trial 1, 24 multiparous beef cows were individually fed control (beet pulp-soybean meal) or cracked high-linoleate safflower seed (78% 18:2n-6) supplements for 80 d postpartum. Linoleate supplemented cows had greater (P < 0.001) serum concentrations of PGFM than control cows. In Trial 2, primiparous beef cows (n = 36) were individually fed control (cracked corn-soybean meal), cracked high-linoleate (76% 18:2n-6) or -oleate (72% 18:1n-9) safflower seed supplements for 92 d postpartum. As in Trial 1, serum concentrations of PGFM were greater (P < or = 0.04) in linoleate than control or oleate supplemented cows. Serum concentrations of PGFM, however, did not differ (P = 0.40) among oleate and control supplemented cows. Although potential impacts on reproductive performance remain to be proven, dietary oil supplements high in linoleate, but not oleate, increased serum concentrations of PGFM compared to control supplements.  (+info)