Tibia: The second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.Fibula: The bone of the lower leg lateral to and smaller than the tibia. In proportion to its length, it is the most slender of the long bones.Femur: The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.Pseudarthrosis: A pathologic entity characterized by deossification of a weight-bearing long bone, followed by bending and pathologic fracture, with inability to form normal BONY CALLUS leading to existence of the "false joint" that gives the condition its name. (Dorland, 27th ed)Bone and Bones: A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.Diaphyses: The shaft of long bones.Fracture Healing: The physiological restoration of bone tissue and function after a fracture. It includes BONY CALLUS formation and normal replacement of bone tissue.Epiphyses: The head of a long bone that is separated from the shaft by the epiphyseal plate until bone growth stops. At that time, the plate disappears and the head and shaft are united.Bone Density: The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.Knee Joint: A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.Weight-Bearing: The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.Ilizarov Technique: A bone fixation technique using an external fixator (FIXATORS, EXTERNAL) for lengthening limbs, correcting pseudarthroses and other deformities, and assisting the healing of otherwise hopeless traumatic or pathological fractures and infections, such as chronic osteomyelitis. The method was devised by the Russian orthopedic surgeon Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov (1921-1992). (From Bull Hosp Jt Dis 1992 Summer;52(1):1)Bone Lengthening: Increase in the longest dimension of a bone to correct anatomical deficiencies, congenital, traumatic, or as a result of disease. The lengthening is not restricted to long bones. The usual surgical methods are internal fixation and distraction.Periosteum: Thin outer membrane that surrounds a bone. It contains CONNECTIVE TISSUE, CAPILLARIES, nerves, and a number of cell types.External Fixators: External devices which hold wires or pins that are placed through one or both cortices of bone in order to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment. These devices allow easy access to wounds, adjustment during the course of healing, and more functional use of the limbs involved.Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary: The use of nails that are inserted into bone cavities in order to keep fractured bones together.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Bone Development: The growth and development of bones from fetus to adult. It includes two principal mechanisms of bone growth: growth in length of long bones at the epiphyseal cartilages and growth in thickness by depositing new bone (OSTEOGENESIS) with the actions of OSTEOBLASTS and OSTEOCLASTS.Osteotomy: The surgical cutting of a bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)Bone Diseases, DevelopmentalBony Callus: The bony deposit formed between and around the broken ends of BONE FRACTURES during normal healing.OsteomyelitisLeg Length Inequality: A condition in which one of a pair of legs fails to grow as long as the other, which could result from injury or surgery.Bone Nails: Rods of bone, metal, or other material used for fixation of the fragments or ends of fractured bones.Fracture Fixation, Internal: The use of internal devices (metal plates, nails, rods, etc.) to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment.Fractures, Malunited: Union of the fragments of a fractured bone in a faulty or abnormal position. If two bones parallel to one another unite by osseous tissue, the result is a crossunion. (From Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 4th ed)Bone Transplantation: The grafting of bone from a donor site to a recipient site.Osteogenesis, Distraction: Bone lengthening by gradual mechanical distraction. An external fixation device produces the distraction across the bone plate. The technique was originally applied to long bones but in recent years the method has been adapted for use with mandibular implants in maxillofacial surgery.Lead: A soft, grayish metal with poisonous salts; atomic number 82, atomic weight 207.19, symbol Pb. (Dorland, 28th)Growth Plate: The area between the EPIPHYSIS and the DIAPHYSIS within which bone growth occurs.Bone Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer located in bone tissue or specific BONES.X-Ray Microtomography: X-RAY COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY with resolution in the micrometer range.Adamantinoma: A locally aggressive, osteolytic neoplasm of the long bones, probably of epithelial origin and most often involving the TIBIA.Osseointegration: The growth action of bone tissue as it assimilates surgically implanted devices or prostheses to be used as either replacement parts (e.g., hip) or as anchors (e.g., endosseous dental implants).Osteogenesis: The process of bone formation. Histogenesis of bone including ossification.Fractures, Closed: Fractures in which the break in bone is not accompanied by an external wound.Bone Plates: Implantable fracture fixation devices attached to bone fragments with screws to bridge the fracture gap and shield the fracture site from stress as bone heals. (UMDNS, 1999)Grasshoppers: Plant-eating orthopterans having hindlegs adapted for jumping. There are two main families: Acrididae and Romaleidae. Some of the more common genera are: Melanoplus, the most common grasshopper; Conocephalus, the eastern meadow grasshopper; and Pterophylla, the true katydid.Fracture Fixation: The use of metallic devices inserted into or through bone to hold a fracture in a set position and alignment while it heals.Bone Remodeling: The continuous turnover of BONE MATRIX and mineral that involves first an increase in BONE RESORPTION (osteoclastic activity) and later, reactive BONE FORMATION (osteoblastic activity). The process of bone remodeling takes place in the adult skeleton at discrete foci. The process ensures the mechanical integrity of the skeleton throughout life and plays an important role in calcium HOMEOSTASIS. An imbalance in the regulation of bone remodeling's two contrasting events, bone resorption and bone formation, results in many of the metabolic bone diseases, such as OSTEOPOROSIS.Fractures, Bone: Breaks in bones.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Cadaver: A dead body, usually a human body.Stress, Mechanical: A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.Spectrometry, X-Ray Emission: The spectrometric analysis of fluorescent X-RAYS, i.e. X-rays emitted after bombarding matter with high energy particles such as PROTONS; ELECTRONS; or higher energy X-rays. Identification of ELEMENTS by this technique is based on the specific type of X-rays that are emitted which are characteristic of the specific elements in the material being analyzed. The characteristic X-rays are distinguished and/or quantified by either wavelength dispersive or energy dispersive methods.Fractures, Stress: Fractures due to the strain caused by repetitive exercise. They are thought to arise from a combination of MUSCLE FATIGUE and bone failure, and occur in situations where BONE REMODELING predominates over repair. The most common sites of stress fractures are the METATARSUS; FIBULA; TIBIA; and FEMORAL NECK.Fractures, Comminuted: A fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed. (Dorland, 27th ed)Bone Regeneration: Renewal or repair of lost bone tissue. It excludes BONY CALLUS formed after BONE FRACTURES but not yet replaced by hard bone.Lead Poisoning, Nervous System, Adult: Neurologic conditions in adults associated with acute or chronic exposure to lead or any of its salts. The most common lead related neurologic syndrome in adults consists of a polyneuropathy involving motor fibers. This tends to affect distal nerves and may present as wrist drop due to RADIAL NEUROPATHY. Additional features of chronic lead exposure include ANEMIA; CONSTIPATION; colicky abdominal pain; a bluish lead line of the gums; interstitial nephritis (NEPHRITIS, INTERSTITIAL); and saturnine gout. An encephalopathy may rarely occur. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1212)Ankle Joint: The joint that is formed by the inferior articular and malleolar articular surfaces of the TIBIA; the malleolar articular surface of the FIBULA; and the medial malleolar, lateral malleolar, and superior surfaces of the TALUS.Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone: A disease of bone marked by thinning of the cortex by fibrous tissue containing bony spicules, producing pain, disability, and gradually increasing deformity. Only one bone may be involved (FIBROUS DYSPLASIA, MONOSTOTIC) or several (FIBROUS DYSPLASIA, POLYOSTOTIC).Humerus: Bone in humans and primates extending from the SHOULDER JOINT to the ELBOW JOINT.Bone Resorption: Bone loss due to osteoclastic activity.Range of Motion, Articular: The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.Osteochondrosis: Any of a group of bone disorders involving one or more ossification centers (EPIPHYSES). It is characterized by degeneration or NECROSIS followed by revascularization and reossification. Osteochondrosis often occurs in children causing varying degrees of discomfort or pain. There are many eponymic types for specific affected areas, such as tarsal navicular (Kohler disease) and tibial tuberosity (Osgood-Schlatter disease).Bone Diseases, MetabolicOrthopedic Procedures: Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.Curettage: A scraping, usually of the interior of a cavity or tract, for removal of new growth or other abnormal tissue, or to obtain material for tissue diagnosis. It is performed with a curet (curette), a spoon-shaped instrument designed for that purpose. (From Stedman, 25th ed & Dorland, 27th ed)Anterior Cruciate Ligament: A strong ligament of the knee that originates from the posteromedial portion of the lateral condyle of the femur, passes anteriorly and inferiorly between the condyles, and attaches to the depression in front of the intercondylar eminence of the tibia.Reconstructive Surgical Procedures: Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee: Replacement of the knee joint.Osteoarthritis, Knee: Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the knee joint consisting of three large categories: conditions that block normal synchronous movement, conditions that produce abnormal pathways of motion, and conditions that cause stress concentration resulting in changes to articular cartilage. (Crenshaw, Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics, 8th ed, p2019)Osteocytes: Mature osteoblasts that have become embedded in the BONE MATRIX. They occupy a small cavity, called lacuna, in the matrix and are connected to adjacent osteocytes via protoplasmic projections called canaliculi.Absorptiometry, Photon: A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.Ankle Injuries: Harm or hurt to the ankle or ankle joint usually inflicted by an external source.Bone Diseases: Diseases of BONES.

*  2017/18 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code S82.122D: Displaced fracture of lateral condyle of left tibia, subsequent encounter for closed...
Fracture of upper end of tibia. 2016 2017 2018 Non-Billable/Non-Specific Code Applicable To*Fracture of proximal end of tibia ... Short description: Disp fx of lateral condyle of l tibia, 7thD. *The 2018 edition of ICD-10-CM S82.122D became effective on ... Displaced fracture of lateral condyle of left tibia, subsequent encounter for closed fracture with routine healing. 2016 2017 ...
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*  Measurement of Posterior Tibial Slope Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Background: Posterior tibial slope (PTS) is an important factor in the knee joint biomechanics and one of the bone features, which leads to knee joint stability. Posterior tibial slope affects flexion gap, knee joint stability and posterior femoral rollback that are related to wide range of knee motion. During high tibial osteotomy and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery, proper retaining the mechanical and anatomical axis is important. The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of posterior tibial slope in medial and lateral compartments of tibial plateau and to assess the relationship among the slope with age, gender and other variables of tibial plateau surface. Materials and methods: This descriptive study was conducted on 132 healthy knees (80 males and 52 females) with a mean age of 38.26±11.45 (20-60 years) at a medical center in Mashhad, Iran. All patients required to MRI admitted for knee pain with uncertain clinical history and physical examination that were reported healthy at knee
*  Popliteal line of tibia legal definition of popliteal line of tibia
What is popliteal line of tibia? Meaning of popliteal line of tibia as a legal term. What does popliteal line of tibia mean in ... Definition of popliteal line of tibia in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. ... redirected from popliteal line of tibia). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Encyclopedia. line. ( ... Popliteal line of tibia legal definition of popliteal line of tibia https://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/popliteal+ ...
*  ICD-10 Diagnosis Code S82.265 Nondisplaced segmental fracture of shaft of left tibia
Long Description: Nondisplaced segmental fracture of shaft of left tibia This is the 2018 version of the ICD-10-CM diagnosis ... Short Description: Nondisplaced segmental fracture of shaft of left tibia ...
*  ICD-10 Diagnosis Code S82.875G Nondisp pilon fx left tibia, subs for clos fx w delay heal
Short Description: Nondisp pilon fx left tibia, subs for clos fx w delay heal Long Description: Nondisplaced pilon fracture of ... Nondisp pilon fx left tibia, subs for clos fx w delay heal. ... S82.875G - Nondisp pilon fx left tibia, subs for clos fx w ... left tibia, subsequent encounter for closed fracture with delayed healing This is the 2018 version of the ICD-10-CM diagnosis ...
*  ICD-10 Diagnosis Code S89.042A Sltr-haris Type IV physeal fx upper end of left tibia, init
Short Description: Sltr-haris Type IV physeal fx upper end of left tibia, init Long Description: Salter-Harris Type IV physeal ... 823.00 - Fx upper end tibia-close (approximate) Approximate Flag. The approximate flag is on, indicating that the relationship ... Sltr-haris Type IV physeal fx upper end of left tibia, init. ... Sltr-haris Type IV physeal fx upper end of left tibia, init ... fracture of upper end of left tibia, initial encounter for closed fracture This is the 2018 version of the ICD-10-CM diagnosis ...
*  ICD-10 Diagnosis Code S89.122 Sltr-haris Type II physeal fx lower end of left tibia
Long Description: Salter-Harris Type II physeal fracture of lower end of left tibia This is the 2018 version of the ICD-10-CM ... Short Description: Sltr-haris Type II physeal fx lower end of left tibia ... S89.122 - Sltr-haris Type II physeal fx lower end of left tibia ... Sltr-haris Type II physeal fx lower end of left tibia. *S89.122 ...
*  Fractured Tibia: Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of a tibia fracture ... ... Another name for Fractured Tibia is Tibia Fracture. ... PubMed Fractured Tibia References *Cullen MC, Roy DR, Crawford ... Fractured Tibia Questions For Doctor. The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of a ... Continue to Fractured Tibia Specialist Last Updated: Jul 10, 2009 References Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett ...
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*  Tibia Land
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*  Tibia - Wikipedia
The tibia /ˈtɪbiə/ (plural tibiae /ˈtɪbii/ or tibias), also known as the shinbone or shankbone, is the larger and stronger of ... The tibia is found on the medial side of the leg next to the fibula and closer to the median plane or centre-line. The tibia is ... The tibia is named for the flute tibia. It is the second largest bone in the human body next to the femur. The leg bones are ... In Judaism, the tibia, or shankbone, of a goat is used in the Passover Seder plate. The structure of the tibia in most other ...
*  TIBIA Y PERONE - tibiayperone - Fotolog
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Free Calculator for the game Tibia. New Version with All Tibia Items - Armors, Helmets, Shields, Legs, Boots,... ... Free Calculator for the game Tibia.. New Version with All Tibia Items. - Armors, Helmets, Shields, Legs, Boots, Amulets and ... Free Calculator for the game Tibia.. New Version with All Tibia Items. - Armors, Helmets, Shields, Legs, Boots, Amulets and ... Tibia Calculator - Melee, Distance and Magic Damage - Tibia Items - Character and Exp information ...
*  tibia pilon fracture - Page 3
I was just wondering if anyone else has had ankle/tibia ... joint surface to the end of the tibia), the doctor was blown ... away at how it occured in my skiboot! After surg the following day i ended up with 7 screws and a plate in my tibia) its now ... Once home, doctors said my right ankle suffered a pilon tibia fracture that would result in surgery and my left ankle had a ... clean and get some cultures on an infection that tried to manifest over my tibia plate last week. Seems we caught it fast and ...
*  IM nailing of tibia Fx
Can anyone explain the rationale for the use of ASA code 01484 instead of 01480 for the IM nailing of a tibia fx? The CPT ... Can anyone explain the rationale for the use of ASA code 01484 instead of 01480 for the IM nailing of a tibia fx? The CPT ... IM nailing of tibia FX - ASA code. By Zellerdh in forum Anesthesia ...
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*  Tib Bits - Transcription and Translation
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*  What is a Tibia? (with pictures)
Generally considered the strongest weight-bearing bone in the body, the tibia is also the most likely to... ... The tibia received its name centuries ago because of its resemblance to musical instruments sometimes called tibia that were ... In humans, the tibia is second in size only to the femur, or thigh bone, and is generally considered to be the strongest weight ... Tibia is the scientific name for the shin bone, the larger of two bones located between the knee and ankle in humans and other ...
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1) Tib and Tom. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898 ...Tib is the ace of trumps, and Tom is the knave of trumps in the game of ... 2) Tib. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898 ...St. Tib s Eve. Never. A corruption of St. Ubes. There is no such saint in the ... Ras at Tib, cape, Tunisia: see Bon, Cape..... 4) Tibni. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001 ...Tibni, (tib ni) (KEY ... 9) tibia. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. 2000. ...Inflected forms: pl. tib i ae (- ...
*  Tibia - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The tibia, also known as the shinbone, or shankbone is the larger and stronger of the two bones in the leg below the knee in ... The tibia is essential to everyday movement such as standing and walking as well as jumping and running. ... Retrieved from "https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tibia&oldid=5787742" ...

Interosseous membrane of leg: The interosseous membrane of the leg (middle tibiofibular ligament) extends between the interosseous crests of the tibia and fibula, helps stabilize the Tib-Fib relationship and separates the muscles on the front from those on the back of the leg.PseudarthrosisCancellous bone: Cancellous bone, synonymous with trabecular bone or spongy bone, is one of two types of osseous tissue that form bones. The other osseous tissue type is cortical bone also called compact bone.Diaphysis: The diaphysis (OED 2nd edition, 1989, as .Entry "diaphysis" in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary.Epiphysis: The epiphysis (OED 2nd edition, 1989 as .Entry "epiphysis" in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary.Quantitative computed tomographyKnee pain: Knee pain is a common complaint for many people. There are several factors that can cause knee pain.Ilizarov apparatusCodman triangle: Codman triangle (previously referred to as Codman's triangle) is the triangular area of new subperiosteal bone that is created when a lesion, often a tumour, raises the periosteum away from the bone.General Practice notebook A Codman triangle is not actually a full triangle.Intramedullary rodMechanochemistry: Mechanochemistry or mechanical chemistry is the coupling of mechanical and chemical phenomena on a molecular scale and includes mechanical breakage, chemical behaviour of mechanically stressed solids (e.g.OsteotomyHypochondrogenesisCallus (cell biology): Plant callus (plural calluses or calli) is a mass of unorganized parenchyma cells derived from plant tissue (explants) for use in biological research and biotechnology. In plant biology, callus cells are those cells that cover a plant wound.Vertebral osteomyelitis: Vertebral osteomyelitis (also termed spinal osteomyelitis, spondylodiskitis, or disk-space infection), is a type of osteomyelitis (which is infection and inflammation of the bone and bone marrow). Vertebral osteomyelitis is a rare bone infection concentrated in the spinal region.Internal fixationDemineralized freeze dried bone allograft: Demineralized freeze dried bone allograft, referred to as DFDBA, is a bone graft material known for its [novo] bone formation properties.Bowers, GM, et al.Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report is a weekly epidemiological digest for the United States published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It is the main vehicle for publishing public health information and recommendations that have been received by the CDC from state health departments.Bone tumorX-ray microtomography: X-ray microtomography, like tomography and x-ray computed tomography, uses x-rays to create cross-sections of a physical object that can be used to recreate a virtual model (3D model) without destroying the original object. The prefix micro- (symbol: µ) is used to indicate that the pixel sizes of the cross-sections are in the micrometre range.Adamantinoma: Adamantinoma (from the Greek word adamantinos, meaning "very hard") is a rare bone cancer, making up less than 1% of all bone cancers. It almost always occurs in the bones of the lower leg and involves both epithelial and osteofibrous tissue.Osseointegration: Osseointegration derives from the Greek osteon, bone, and the Latin integrare, to make whole. The term refers to the direct structural and functional connection between living bone and the surface of a load-bearing artificial implant.OssificationList of locust species: This is a list of locust species. These are Orthoptera that swarm and cause significant economic losses to agricultural crops.Chalkstick fracture: Chalkstick fractures are fractures, typically of long bones, in which the fracture is transverse to the long axis of the bone, like a broken stick of chalk. A healthy long bone typically breaks like a hard woody stick as the collagen in the matrix adds remarkable flexibility to the mineral and the energy can run up and down the growth rings of bone.Dense artery sign: In medicine, the dense artery sign or hyperdense artery sign is a radiologic sign seen on computer tomography (CT) scans suggestive of early ischemic stroke. In earlier studies of medical imaging in patients with strokes, it was the earliest sign of ischemic stroke in a significant minority of cases.Dynamic strain aging: Although sometimes dynamic strain aging is used interchangeably with the Portevin–Le Chatelier effect (or serrated yielding), dynamic strain aging refers specifically to the microscopic mechanism that induces the Portevin–Le Chatelier effect. This strengthening mechanism is related to solid-solution strengthening and has been observed in a variety of fcc and bcc substitutional and interstitial alloys, metalloids like silicon, and ordered intermetallics within specific ranges of temperature and strain rate.Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy: Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS, EDX, or XEDS), sometimes called energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDXA) or energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDXMA), is an analytical technique used for the elemental analysis or chemical characterization of a sample. It relies on an interaction of some source of X-ray excitation and a sample.Stress fractureRobert BrobergFootballer's ankle: Footballer's Ankle is a pinching or impingement of the ligaments or tendons of the ankle between the bones, particularly the talus and tibia. This results in pain, inflammation and swelling.Fibrous dysplasia of boneDeoxypyridinolineOsteochondrosisCurettage: Curettage ( or ), in medical procedures, is the use of a curette (French, meaning scoopMosby's Medical, Nursing & Allied Health Dictionary, Fourth Edition, Mosby-Year Book 1994, p. 422) to remove tissue by scraping or scooping.Anterior cruciate ligament reconstructionZ-plastyOxford knee score: The Oxford Knee Score (OKS) is a Patient Reported Outcome questionnaire that was developed to specifically assess the patient's perspective of outcome following Total Knee Arthroplasty. The OKS has subsequently been validated for use in assessing other non-surgical therapies applied to those suffering from issues with the knee.OsteocyteSprainBone pathology: Bone pathology, also known as orthopedic pathology is a subspecialty of surgical pathology which deals with the diagnosis and feature of many bone diseases. It uses gross and microscopic findings along with the findings of in vivo radiological studies, and occasionally, specimen radiographs to diagnose diseases of the bones.

(1/2843) Level of amputation following failed arterial reconstruction compared to primary amputation--a meta-analysis.

OBJECTIVES: To determine if the level of amputation after failed vascular reconstruction was comparable to the level of amputation after primary amputation. DESIGN AND METHODS: Medline literature search (1975-1996), meta-analysis. RESULTS: The odds ratio of transtibial to transfemoral (TT/TF) amputations was 927/657 = 1.41 (95% confidence limits: 1.278-1.561) in postrevascularisation amputation (PRVA) and 1590/1162 = 1.37 (95% confidence limits: 1.269-1.477) in primary amputation (PA) (p = 0.65). The pooled data show that the number of conversions from transtibial (TT) to transfemoral (TF) amputations due to amputation stump complications were 85/369 (23%) in PRVA against 93/752 (12.4%) in PA (p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: We could not detect any difference in TT/TF ratio between PRVA and PA. However, the risk of conversion i.e. reamputation to a higher level is higher after PRVA compared to PA. The chance of having a successful transtibial amputation is approximately 58% for postrevascularisation amputation as well as for primary amputations. An aggressive approach towards vascular reconstruction seems justified.  (+info)

(2/2843) Active signaling of leg loading and unloading in the cockroach.

The ability to detect changes in load is important for effective use of a leg in posture and locomotion. While a number of limb receptors have been shown to encode increases in load, few afferents have been demonstrated to signal leg unloading, which occurs cyclically during walking and is indicative of slipping or perturbations. We applied mechanical forces to the cockroach leg at controlled rates and recorded activities of the tibial group of campaniform sensilla, mechanoreceptors that encode forces through the strains they produce in the exoskeleton. Discrete responses were elicited from the group to decreasing as well as increasing levels of leg loading. Discharges of individual afferents depended on the direction of force application, and unit responses were correlated morphologically with the orientation of the receptor's cuticular cap. No units responded bidirectionally. Although discharges to decreasing levels of load were phasic, we found that these bursts could effectively encode the rate of force decreases. These discharges may be important in indicating leg unloading in the step cycle during walking and could rapidly signal force decreases during perturbations or loss of ground support.  (+info)

(3/2843) Chondrodiatasis in a patient with spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia using the Ilizarov technique: successful correction of an angular deformity with ensuing ossification of a large metaphyseal lesion. A case report.

Distraction through the physis (chondrodiatasis) is a controversial technique with unpredictable results. However, it has been used in the past for the lengthening and correction of angular deformities of long bones. We report the case of an 11-year-old patient with spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia (SEMD) who presented with a severe recurvatum deformity of the left proximal tibia secondary to collapse of the tibial plateau into a large metaphyseal cystic lesion. Using the chondrodiatasis technique with a percutaneously applied Ilizarov circular frame, we were able to correct this deformity. Surprisingly, healing and ossification of the metaphyseal lesion was simultaneously observed at the end of the treatment, a finding which, to the best of our knowledge, has not been previously reported.  (+info)

(4/2843) The aetiology of congenital angulation of tubular bones with constriction of the medullary canal, and its relationship to congenital pseudarthrosis.

It is suggested that there is a group of cases of congenital angulation of tubular bones in which the lesion is a defect of ossification of the primary cartilaginous anlage and in which neurofibromatosis is not implicated. It appears that in this group the prognosis with regard to the resolution of deformity and the prevention of pseudarthrosis with conservative treatment or relatively simple surgical procedures is better than that in the neurofibromatous type.  (+info)

(5/2843) The clinical manifestations and pathomechanics of contracture of the extensor mechanism of the knee.

Experience with thirty-eight Asian children and adolescents who presented with either stiffness of the knee, genu recurvatum, habitual dislocation of the patella or congenital lateral dislocation of the patella showed that all those disorders were manifestations of contracture of the extensor mechanism, which fell into two groups according to the components involved. In Group I the main components affected were in the midline of the limb, namely rectus femoris and vastus intermedius; these patients presented with varying degrees of stiffness of the knee, or worse, with genu recurvatum. In Group II the main components involved were lateral to the midline of the limb, namely vastus lateralis and the ilio-tibial band; these patients presented with habitual dislocation of the patella, or worse, congenital lateral dislocation of the patella. In both groups untreated patients developed secondary adaptive changes such as subluxation of the tibia or marked genu valgum which made operative procedures more formidable and less effective. Release of the contracture should therefore be performed as early as possible.  (+info)

(6/2843) Limb salvage surgery in bone tumour with modular endoprosthesis.

Thirty-three patients with bone tumours were treated by resection of the growth and reconstruction with a Kotz modular endoprosthesis. The average follow-up was for 50 months, ranging from 14 to 79 months. At the last review, 12 patients (36%) had died due to the tumour and 9 others (27%) had metastases. All 4 patients with proximal tibial reconstruction had poor functional results, due to an extension lag or to knee stiffness. Four of the six tumours of the proximal femur were complicated by local recurrence or dislocation of the hip, and had poor or fair functional results. Of the patients with distal femoral reconstruction, 17 out of 22 had excellent or good functional results. Reconstruction with a modular prosthesis after resection of a tumour gives excellent or good functional results in more than three-fourths of the cases of distal femur reconstruction, but it should be used with caution in the proximal tibia and proximal femur.  (+info)

(7/2843) Spontaneous or traumatic premature closure of the tibial tubercle.

A premature closure of the physis of the tibial tubercle in a young man has given rise to a shortening of the tibia, a patella alta and a reversed tibial slope of 20 degrees with clinical genu recurvatum. After a proximal open wedge tibial osteotomy all three postural deformities could be restored. The etiology of this complex deformity is discussed.  (+info)

(8/2843) Characterization of bone marrow laminins and identification of alpha5-containing laminins as adhesive proteins for multipotent hematopoietic FDCP-Mix cells.

Laminins are extracellular matrix glycoproteins that influence the phenotype and functions of many types of cells. Laminins are heterotrimers composed of alpha, beta, and gamma polypeptides. So far five alpha, three beta, and two gamma polypeptide chains, and 11 variants of laminins have been proposed. Laminins interact in vitro with mature blood cells and malignant hematopoietic cells. Most studies have been performed with laminin-1 (alpha1beta1gamma1), and its expression in bone marrow is unclear. Employing an antiserum reacting with most laminin isoforms, we found laminins widely expressed in mouse bone marrow. However, no laminin alpha1 chain but rather laminin alpha2, alpha4, and alpha5 polypeptides were found in bone marrow. Our data suggest presence of laminin-2 (alpha2beta1gamma1), laminin-8 (alpha4beta1gamma1), and laminin-10 (alpha5beta1gamma1) in bone marrow. Northern blot analysis showed expression of laminin alpha1, alpha2, alpha4, and alpha5 chains in long-term bone marrow cultures, indicating upregulation of laminin alpha1 chain expression in vitro. Laminins containing alpha5 chain, in contrast to laminin-1, were strongly adhesive for multipotent hematopoietic FDCP-mix cells. Integrin alpha6 and beta1 chains mediated this adhesion, as shown by antibody perturbation experiments. Our findings indicate that laminins other than laminin-1 are functional in adhesive interactions in bone marrow.  (+info)

  • 2000
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  • In the last two decades, there have been four fires including the Palomar Mountain Fire (1987), the Vail Fire (1989), the Agua Tibia Fire (2000), and the Poomacha Fire (2007). (wikipedia.org)
  • fracture
  • Two systems of fracture classification are commonly used to aid diagnosis and management of tibia shaft fractures: Oestern and Tscherne Classification Gustilo-Anderson Classification Management is dependent on the determination of whether the fracture is open or closed. (wikipedia.org)
  • bones
  • Since approximately one third of the tibia lies directly beneath the skin, open fractures are common compared to other long bones. (wikipedia.org)
  • shaft
  • The diaphysis is the midsection of the tibia, also known as the shaft or body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nonsurgical treatment of tibia shaft fractures is now limited to closed, stable, isolated, minimally displaced fractures caused by a low-energy mechanism of injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • pipes
  • The mutation ranks Tibia Quint 5⅓′, Twelfth 2⅔′ and Tierce 1​3⁄5′ are also drawn from this unified rank of 97 pipes. (wikipedia.org)
  • A few of the largest theatre organs, and some church organs, may have a separate 32′ Tibia Clausa rank of 12 pipes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tibia pipes are generally made of wood, stopped, from 16' (Occasionally 32') with the top octave pipes (above 1/2', or 6" made of metal, stopped, and pipes from 1/4', 3" made of metal and open. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is usually a tremulant on the wind for Tibia pipes - the increase and decrease of wind pressure gives "life" to the sound. (wikipedia.org)
  • game
  • Free Calculator for the game Tibia. (appbrain.com)
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  • Tib is the ace of trumps, and Tom is the knave of trumps in the game of Gleek. (bartleby.com)
  • Since then, as faster and larger internet connections have become far more widespread, the game has not attracted newer players, though a large number of the playerbase have been playing Tibia for some time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Retro Open PvP: This is a fairly new type of Player versus Player, these servers are based on the old game-play of Tibia and how it was like before. (wikipedia.org)
  • The story of TibiaME is inspired by the online role-playing game Tibia. (wikipedia.org)
  • large
  • The three institutions, together form the Tanzania Investment Bank Group or TIB Group: TIB Development Bank Limited - A development finance institution (DFI) TIB Corporate Finance Limited - A short term financing institution, serving large corporate clients, both public and private, in support of the functions of the DFI. (wikipedia.org)
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  • sometimes
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  • https
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  • second
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  • Betsy-Tacy and Tib (1941) is the second volume in the Betsy-Tacy series by Maud Hart Lovelace. (wikipedia.org)
  • Character
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  • update
  • In 2005, a Tibia update added a door that requires a player to reach level 999 before it opens. (wikipedia.org)
  • As of December 2010[update], TIB had a total asset base in excess of US$62 million (TZS:93 billion). (wikipedia.org)
  • reach
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  • development
  • Over time, the Tanzanian government, the sole shareholder in TIB, re-capitalized the bank, re-vamped its strategic development plans and re-structured its management. (wikipedia.org)
  • world
  • The gameplay of Tibia involves advancing levels while training to improve skill levels, hunting monsters using weapons and magical spells, gathering treasures, doing quests and exploring the Tibia world. (wikipedia.org)
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  • often
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  • bank
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  • To mitigate financial losses, TIB resorted to making short-term loans and to function like a commercial bank. (wikipedia.org)
  • time
  • By that time Leopold's claim to the Congo basin had been recognized by other European nations, and Tippu Tib had apparently decided that an accommodation with the International Association was inevitable. (britannica.com)
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  • Company
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  • central
  • Tippu Tib , also called Muhammed Bin Hamid , (born 1837-died June 14, 1905, Zanzibar [now in Tanzania]), the most famous late 19th-century Arab trader in central and eastern Africa . (britannica.com)