Femoral Neck Fractures: Fractures of the short, constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanters. It excludes intertrochanteric fractures which are HIP FRACTURES.Fracture Fixation, Internal: The use of internal devices (metal plates, nails, rods, etc.) to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment.Hemiarthroplasty: A partial joint replacement in which only one surface of the joint is replaced with a PROSTHESIS.Fracture Healing: The physiological restoration of bone tissue and function after a fracture. It includes BONY CALLUS formation and normal replacement of bone tissue.Femur Neck: The constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanters.Hip Fractures: Fractures of the FEMUR HEAD; the FEMUR NECK; (FEMORAL NECK FRACTURES); the trochanters; or the inter- or subtrochanteric region. Excludes fractures of the acetabulum and fractures of the femoral shaft below the subtrochanteric region (FEMORAL FRACTURES).Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip: Replacement of the hip joint.Fractures, Bone: Breaks in bones.Femur Head: The hemispheric articular surface at the upper extremity of the thigh bone. (Stedman, 26th ed)Femoral Fractures: Fractures of the femur.Bone Screws: Specialized devices used in ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY to repair bone fractures.Fractures, Comminuted: A fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed. (Dorland, 27th ed)Hip Prosthesis: Replacement for a hip joint.Femur Head Necrosis: Aseptic or avascular necrosis of the femoral head. The major types are idiopathic (primary), as a complication of fractures or dislocations, and LEGG-CALVE-PERTHES DISEASE.Fractures, Spontaneous: Fractures occurring as a result of disease of a bone or from some undiscoverable cause, and not due to trauma. (Dorland, 27th ed)Fractures, Ununited: A fracture in which union fails to occur, the ends of the bone becoming rounded and eburnated, and a false joint occurs. (Stedman, 25th ed)Fracture Fixation: The use of metallic devices inserted into or through bone to hold a fracture in a set position and alignment while it heals.Hip Dislocation: Displacement of the femur bone from its normal position at the HIP JOINT.Hip Joint: The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Bone Density: The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.Osteoporotic Fractures: Breaks in bones resulting from low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration characteristic of OSTEOPOROSIS.Bone Nails: Rods of bone, metal, or other material used for fixation of the fragments or ends of fractured bones.Arthroplasty: Surgical reconstruction of a joint to relieve pain or restore motion.Spinal Fractures: Broken bones in the vertebral column.Osteoporosis: Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.Bone Malalignment: Displacement of bones out of line in relation to joints. It may be congenital or traumatic in origin.Cementation: The joining of objects by means of a cement (e.g., in fracture fixation, such as in hip arthroplasty for joining of the acetabular component to the femoral component). In dentistry, it is used for the process of attaching parts of a tooth or restorative material to a natural tooth or for the attaching of orthodontic bands to teeth by means of an adhesive.Radius FracturesFractures, Malunited: Union of the fragments of a fractured bone in a faulty or abnormal position. If two bones parallel to one another unite by osseous tissue, the result is a crossunion. (From Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 4th ed)Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary: The use of nails that are inserted into bone cavities in order to keep fractured bones together.Prosthesis Failure: Malfunction of implantation shunts, valves, etc., and prosthesis loosening, migration, and breaking.Fractures, Stress: Fractures due to the strain caused by repetitive exercise. They are thought to arise from a combination of MUSCLE FATIGUE and bone failure, and occur in situations where BONE REMODELING predominates over repair. The most common sites of stress fractures are the METATARSUS; FIBULA; TIBIA; and FEMORAL NECK.Bone Plates: Implantable fracture fixation devices attached to bone fragments with screws to bridge the fracture gap and shield the fracture site from stress as bone heals. (UMDNS, 1999)Neck: The part of a human or animal body connecting the HEAD to the rest of the body.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Osteoarthritis, Hip: Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the hip joint which usually appears in late middle or old age. It is characterized by growth or maturational disturbances in the femoral neck and head, as well as acetabular dysplasia. A dominant symptom is pain on weight-bearing or motion.Femur: The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.Osteonecrosis: Death of a bone or part of a bone, either atraumatic or posttraumatic.Bone Cements: Adhesives used to fix prosthetic devices to bones and to cement bone to bone in difficult fractures. Synthetic resins are commonly used as cements. A mixture of monocalcium phosphate, monohydrate, alpha-tricalcium phosphate, and calcium carbonate with a sodium phosphate solution is also a useful bone paste.Head and Neck Neoplasms: Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Fibula: The bone of the lower leg lateral to and smaller than the tibia. In proportion to its length, it is the most slender of the long bones.DislocationsLeg Length Inequality: A condition in which one of a pair of legs fails to grow as long as the other, which could result from injury or surgery.Osteotomy: The surgical cutting of a bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Osteomalacia: Disorder caused by an interruption of the mineralization of organic bone matrix leading to bone softening, bone pain, and weakness. It is the adult form of rickets resulting from disruption of VITAMIN D; PHOSPHORUS; or CALCIUM homeostasis.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Delayed Diagnosis: Non-optimal interval of time between onset of symptoms, identification, and initiation of treatment.Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.Absorptiometry, Photon: A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.Orthopedic Procedures: Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.Recovery of Function: A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.Ulna Fractures: Fractures of the larger bone of the forearm.Range of Motion, Articular: The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.Technetium Tc 99m Medronate: A gamma-emitting radionuclide imaging agent used primarily in skeletal scintigraphy. Because of its absorption by a variety of tumors, it is useful for the detection of neoplasms.Time-to-Treatment: The interval of time between onset of symptoms and receiving therapy.LithuaniaOsteoporosis, Postmenopausal: Metabolic disorder associated with fractures of the femoral neck, vertebrae, and distal forearm. It occurs commonly in women within 15-20 years after menopause, and is caused by factors associated with menopause including estrogen deficiency.Durapatite: The mineral component of bones and teeth; it has been used therapeutically as a prosthetic aid and in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Joint Prosthesis: Prostheses used to partially or totally replace a human or animal joint. (from UMDNS, 1999)Rib FracturesSkull Fractures: Fractures of the skull which may result from penetrating or nonpenetrating head injuries or rarely BONE DISEASES (see also FRACTURES, SPONTANEOUS). Skull fractures may be classified by location (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, BASILAR), radiographic appearance (e.g., linear), or based upon cranial integrity (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, DEPRESSED).Acetabulum: The part of the pelvis that comprises the pelvic socket where the head of FEMUR joins to form HIP JOINT (acetabulofemoral joint).Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Lumbar Vertebrae: VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.Mandibular Fractures: Fractures of the lower jaw.Bone Transplantation: The grafting of bone from a donor site to a recipient site.Bone Wires: Steel wires, often threaded through the skin, soft tissues, and bone, used to fix broken bones. Kirschner wires or apparatus also includes the application of traction to the healing bones through the wires.Neck Pain: Discomfort or more intense forms of pain that are localized to the cervical region. This term generally refers to pain in the posterior or lateral regions of the neck.Metacarpal Bones: The five cylindrical bones of the METACARPUS, articulating with the CARPAL BONES proximally and the PHALANGES OF FINGERS distally.Hip: The projecting part on each side of the body, formed by the side of the pelvis and the top portion of the femur.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Tooth Fractures: Break or rupture of a tooth or tooth root.Bone Diseases, MetabolicFractures, Compression: Crumbling or smashing of cancellous BONE by forces acting parallel to the long axis of bone. It is applied particularly to vertebral body fractures (SPINAL FRACTURES). (Blauvelt and Nelson, A Manual of Orthopedic Terminology, 1994, p4)Multiple Trauma: Multiple physical insults or injuries occurring simultaneously.Intra-Articular Fractures: Fractures of the articular surface of a bone.Bone Density Conservation Agents: Agents that inhibit BONE RESORPTION and/or favor BONE MINERALIZATION and BONE REGENERATION. They are used to heal BONE FRACTURES and to treat METABOLIC BONE DISEASES such as OSTEOPOROSIS.Talus: The second largest of the TARSAL BONES. It articulates with the TIBIA and FIBULA to form the ANKLE JOINT.Joint Capsule: The sac enclosing a joint. It is composed of an outer fibrous articular capsule and an inner SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE.Accidental Falls: Falls due to slipping or tripping which may result in injury.

*  The influence of cognitive status on outcome and walking ability after hemiarthroplasty for femoral neck fracture : a...

... high mortality and re-operation rate after femoral neck fractures treated with HA. ... INTRODUCTION: Femoral neck fracture (FNF) is a devastating injury with serious medical and social consequences. One-third of ... Hip fracture, femoral neck fracture, hemiarthroplasty, cognitive status, outcome National Category Orthopedics Identifiers. URN ... The influence of cognitive status on outcome and walking ability after hemiarthroplasty for femoral neck fracture: a ...

*  Proximal Femur Fracture

Nonunion of femoral neck fractures is common. The Garden staging system is used to classify femoral neck fractures based on the ... The intracapsular fractures include fractures of the femoral neck and head with capital, subcapital, transcervical, and ... Garden I fractures are incomplete (possibly impacted) fractures with the femoral head in valgus position. These fractures are ... Garden II fractures are termed complete but nondisplaced. The femoral head is mild varus position. These fractures are stable. ...

*  Femoral neck fracture - Bone Disease

Type of bone fractures, Recognize broken bones. By Nurmemet Danish. January 7, 2017 ... How to diagnose the femoral head avascular necrosis by ourself?. By admin ...

*  The Egyptian Orthopaedic Journal

Assessment of time factor in managing femoral neck fractures by internal fixation in patients above 55 years of age. Salah A ... Closed reduction and internal fixation is a valid contribution to the treatment of femoral neck fractures in patients above 55 ... Evidence from the literature on the effect of timing of fixation on outcomes after femoral neck fractures is conflicting. ... with femoral neck fractures who were treated by closed reduction and internal fixation and were followed up for a minimum of ...

*  Management of femoral neck fractures

Displaced fractures. Displaced fractures of the femoral neck have been referred to as the unsolved fracture. The first question ... Surgical management of hip fractures: an evidence-based review of the literature. I: femoral neck fractures. J Am Acad Orthop ... Outcomes after displaced fractures of the femoral neck: a meta-analysis of one hundred and six published reports. J Bone Joint ... Dislocation of total hip replacement in patients with fractures of the femoral neck. Acta Orthop 2009;80:184-89. [ Links ]. ...

*  Epidemiology of femoral neck fractures in 1989, niigata prefecture, Japan - Semantic Scholar

During 1989, there were 996 femoral neck fractures (259 males and 737 females, i.e., 1:2.85) the ratio of cervical and ... trochanteric fractures was 327:667 (1:2.04). The average age of these patients was 71.7 years for males and 77.7 years for ... The incidence of the femoral neck fractures in 1989 was studied in Niigata Prefecture, which has a population of 2,481,441 ( ... Epidemiology of femoral neck fractures.. *K-G Thorngren, A Hommel, P O Norrman, J Thorngren, H Wingstrand ...

*  Search of: Recruiting, Not yet recruiting, Available Studies | 'Femoral Neck Fractures' - List Results - ClinicalTrials.gov

IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... ...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/search/open/condition="Femoral Neck Fractures"

*  Internal fixation of femoral neck fractures: An Atlas

... Springer; 1 edition , June 21, 2007 , ISBN-10: 3211685839 , 310 pages , ... Internal fixation of femoral neck fractures: An Atlas. من طرف d-forum في 18/11/10, 05:19 pm ... Internal fixation of femoral neck fractures: An Atlas. Springer; 1 edition , June 21, 2007 , ISBN-10: 3211685839 , 310 pages , ... Femoral neck fractures occur primarily in the elderly population, and nowadays arthroplasty is chosen most frequently as a ...

*  Clinical Profile of Delirium in Patients Treated for Femoral Neck Fractures - Abstract - Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive...

Clinical Profile of Delirium in Patients Treated for Femoral Neck Fractures. Edlund A.a · Lundström M.a · Lundström G.a · ... with femoral neck fractures. The incidence of postoperative delirium was 15/54 (27.8%) and a logistic regression model found ...

*  Fixation of displaced femoral neck fractures with a sliding screw plate and a cancellous screw or two Olmed screws. A...

Fixation of displaced femoral neck fractures with a sliding screw plate and a cancellous screw or two Olmed screws. A ... To analyse the importance of fixation method in displaced femoral neck fractures and to identify factors predictive of failure ... subcapital fracture of the femoral neck with either a sliding screw plate and a parallel cancellous screw (SSP), or two Olmed ... The rates of late segmental collapse, 18.0% and 19.5% of all united fractures, respectively, decreased with increasing age ( ...

*  Should I be worried if I have stress fractures of the femoral necks?

... Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication ... If she has stress fractures of the femoral necks, I would advise her not to walk at all as it could progress to a complete ... Should I be worried if I have stress fractures of the femoral necks?. ... 3. they just found stress fracture on both femural necks 4.monocytes 9 5. low side rbc (3.9) i was wondering if i should be ...

*  Epidemiology and Diagnosis of Ipsilateral Femoral Neck and Shaft Fractures: A Systematic Review of 1761 cases in 1758 Patients ...


*  MedPix Case - Femoral Neck Stress Fractures

Plain films demonstrate a focal area of sclerosis along the left femoral neck consistent with healing femoral neck stress ...

*  Hip Fractures - Injuries and Poisoning - Merck Manuals Consumer Version

... treatment of Fractures, Dislocations, and Sprains from the Home Version of the Merck Manuals. ... Hip Fractures (Femoral Neck Hip Fractures; Subcapital Hip Fractures; Intertrochanteric Hip Fractures; Subtrochanteric Hip ... Femoral neck (subcapital) fractures: These fractures occur in the neck of the thighbone. Metal pins can be inserted to support ... Femoral neck hip fractures may be repaired by inserting metal pins through the neck and into head of the thighbone. ...

*  Der Orthopäde, Volume 0, Issue 0 - Springer

dynamic hip screws for femoral neck fractures Lei Lei Zhang, Ying Zhang, Xianghao Ma, Youwen Liu ...

*  Post-Operative Delirium in Elderly Surgical Patients - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Hip fractures. Femoral neck fractures. Trochanteric fractures. Intertrochanteric fractures. Subtrochanteric fractures. Delirium ... Hip Fractures. Confusion. Neurobehavioral Manifestations. Neurologic Manifestations. Nervous System Diseases. Signs and ...

*  Patent US3842825 - Hip fixation device - Google Patents

Fixation Of Femoral Neck Fractures. US20100249853 *. Jun 15, 2010. Sep 30, 2010. Orthofix International B.V.. Device for the ... Fixation of femoral neck fractures. US20080097432 *. Sep 27, 2006. Apr 24, 2008. Depuy Products, Inc.. Flexible bone fixation ... Methods for treating fractures of the femur and femoral fracture devices. US20060009771 *. Sep 19, 2005. Jan 12, 2006. Orbay ... Methods for treating fractures of the femur and femoral fracture devices. US20080082102 *. Oct 31, 2007. Apr 3, 2008. Bruecker ...

*  Epidemiology of the femoral neck fracture in 1985, Niigata Prefecture, Japan | SpringerLink

The incidence of the femoral neck fractures in 1985 was studied in Niigata Prefecture, Japan, which is on the "Japan Sea" at ... During 1985, there were 677 fractures of femoral neck (183 males and 494 females, i.e. 1∶2.7). Its incidence over 65 years of ... The ratio of cervical and trochanteric fractures was 231∶446 (1∶1.9), the latter amounting to two thirds of the femoral neck ... to study radiographs and records of patients who sustained femoral neck fractures. On October 1, 1985, the population of ...

*  JAAOS, Volume 15, No. 12

Femoral Neck Fractures,Fracture Fixation. *. Internal,Humans,Prognosis,Tomography. *. X-Ray Computed,Trauma Severity Indices ... Nondisplaced triplane fractures and extra-articular fractures can be managed with immobilization in a long leg cast. Displaced ... Fracture of the femoral head is a severe, relatively uncommon injury; typically, it occurs following traumatic posterior ... Fracture of the femoral head has been associated with a relatively poor functional outcome. ...

*  Patent US8532806 - Process for manufacture of joint implants - Google Patents

The glenoid 250 has a neck 230 and a face 240. The curvature of the neck 230 is measured in the disclosed process. A fracture ... Glenoid and humerus fractures of the shoulder are hard to repair when the bones shatter into many pieces. Like the elbow, the ... Patient-specific femoral version guide. US9271744. 18 Apr 2011. 1 Mar 2016. Biomet Manufacturing, Llc. Patient-specific guide ... by the term "A/P". An arc of the face 240 of the glenoid 250 is also calculated along with a depth of the neck 230 of the ...

*  Surgery Definition - What is Healing By Secondary Intention? - Medical Zone

Symptom Checker - Fracture of Femoral Neck * Symptom Checker - Fibrocystic Breast Disease * Symptom Checker - Filariasis ... Differential Diagnosis of Pathological Fractures * Differential Diagnosis of Ptosis * Differential Diagnosis of Saddle Nose ... Surgery Definition - What is the anatomy of the femoral canal? * Surgery Definition - Why do femoral hernia common in female ... Surgery Definition - How to distinguish between inguinal hernia and femoral hernia? * Surgery Definition - Why femoral hernia ...

*  Surgery Definition - What is Hartmann's Procedure? - Medical Zone

Symptom Checker - Fracture of Femoral Neck * Symptom Checker - Fibrocystic Breast Disease * Symptom Checker - Filariasis ... Differential Diagnosis of Pathological Fractures * Differential Diagnosis of Ptosis * Differential Diagnosis of Saddle Nose ... Surgery Definition - What is the anatomy of the femoral canal? * Surgery Definition - Why do femoral hernia common in female ... Surgery Definition - How to distinguish between inguinal hernia and femoral hernia? * Surgery Definition - Why femoral hernia ...

*  07/01/2011 - 08/01/2011 | Free Online Medical Powerpoint Presentations Collection eMedical PPT

III Fracture of femoral head with fracture of femoral neck. IV Fracture of femoral head with acetabulum fracture. Femoral Head ... Femoral Head Fractures - Mechanism. Fracture occurs by shear as femoral head dislocates.. With less hip flexion, femoral head ... If femoral head fracture is non-displaced, do not attempt manipulative reduction of hip until femoral neck is stabilized.. ... Association with other fractures. Damage to vascular supply to femoral head. Thus, high chance of complications. Anatomy of the ...

Internal fixationFemoral neck targeting: Femoral neck targeting is the process of calculating the centre of the femoral neck during hip resurfacing surgery.Comis MIHR operative technique This can be done by hand or using electronic aides.Hip fractureMinimally invasive hip resurfacing: Minimally invasive hip resurfacing (MIS) is "total or partial hip surgery that can be carried out through an incision of less than 10 cm (3.94 inches) without imparting great forces on the anatomy or compromising component positioning"Comis Orthopaedics websiteChalkstick fracture: Chalkstick fractures are fractures, typically of long bones, in which the fracture is transverse to the long axis of the bone, like a broken stick of chalk. A healthy long bone typically breaks like a hard woody stick as the collagen in the matrix adds remarkable flexibility to the mineral and the energy can run up and down the growth rings of bone.Femoral fractureHerbert screw: The Herbert screw (invented by Timothy Herbert) is a variable pitch cannulated screw typically made from titanium for its stainless properties as the screw is normally intended to remain in the patient indefinitely. It became generally available in 1978.Robert BrobergArcoNonunion: Nonunion is permanent failure of healing following a broken bone.Hip resurfacing: 155px|right|thumb|The BHRRevision using distal inflow: Revision Using Distal Inflow (RUDI) is a surgical treatment for Dialysis-associated Steal Syndrome.Quantitative computed tomographyFRAX: FRAX is a diagnostic tool used to evaluate the 10-year probability of bone fracture risk. It was developed by the World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Metabolic Bone Diseases at Sheffield University.Spinal fractureWorld Osteoporosis Day: World Osteoporosis Day is observed annually on 20 October, and launches a year-long campaign dedicated to raising global awareness of the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis and metabolic bone disease. Organized by the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF), World Osteoporosis Day involves campaigns by national osteoporosis patient societies from around the world with activities in over 90 countries.Distal radius fractureIntramedullary rodMetallosis: Metallosis is the putative medical condition involving deposition and build-up of metal debris in the soft tissues of the body.Stress fractureBisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaw: Bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaw (often abbreviated as BON, BONJ, or BON of the jaw), also called bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) (pronounced ) or bisphosphonate-induced osteonecrosis of the jaw (BIONJ), is osteonecrosis of the jaw in a person with a history of bisphosphonate use who undergoes subsequent dental surgery. It may lead to surgical complication in the form of impaired wound healing following oral and maxillofacial surgery, periodontal surgery, or endodontic therapy.Cement: A cement is a binder, a substance that sets and hardens and can bind other materials together. The word "cement" can be traced back to the Roman term opus caementicium, used to describe masonry resembling modern concrete that was made from crushed rock with burnt lime as binder.Head and Neck Cancer Alliance: The Head and Neck Cancer Alliance (HNCA) is a non-profit organization that works with health professionals and organizations, celebrities and survivors to enhance the overall effort in prevention, treatment, and detection of cancers of the head and neck region.Interosseous membrane of leg: The interosseous membrane of the leg (middle tibiofibular ligament) extends between the interosseous crests of the tibia and fibula, helps stabilize the Tib-Fib relationship and separates the muscles on the front from those on the back of the leg.Joint dislocationOsteotomyDrainage basins of Lithuania: There are six major drainage basins in Lithuania: the rivers Neman (Lithuanian:Nemunas), Lielupe, Venta, Daugava, Pregolya, and a strip along the Baltic where rivers flow directly into the sea.DenosumabTemporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingTrupti Patel: Trupti Patel is a qualified pharmacist from Berkshire, England, who was acquitted in 2003 of murdering three of her children, Amar (5 September 1997–10 December 1997), Jamie (21 June 1999–6 July 1999), and Mia (14 May 2001–5 June 2001).Elias Rudolph Camerarius, Sr.: Elias Rudolph Camerarius, Sr. (1641–1695) was a professor of medicine who notably wrote books on the palpitations of the heart, pleurisy, skull fractures, and the use of medicinal plants.Protrusio acetabuliMandibular fractureDemineralized freeze dried bone allograft: Demineralized freeze dried bone allograft, referred to as DFDBA, is a bone graft material known for its [novo] bone formation properties.Bowers, GM, et al.Kirschner wireAvijit Lahiri: Avijit Lahiri is a researcher in cardiology[http://www.journals.Dorothea Bennett: Dorothea Bennett (December 27, 1929 in Honolulu – August 16, 1990 in Houston) was a geneticist, known for the genetics of early mammalian development and for research into mammalian sperm surface structures and their role in fertilization and spermatogenesis."Dorothea Bennett, 60, Geneticist and Teacher" (obituary), New York Times, Aug.QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Vertical root fractureVesselplasty: Vesselplasty is a surgical alternative in the treatment of vertebral compression fractures (VCFs). It is an image-guided procedure that requires conscious sedations and either general or local anesthesia.Synovial joint: A synovial joint, also known as diarthrosis, joins bones with a fibrous joint capsule that is continuous with the periosteum of the joined bones, constitutes the outer boundary of a synovial cavity, and surrounds the bones' articulating surfaces. The synovial (or joint) cavity is filled with synovial fluid.

(1/520) Regional survey of femoral neck fractures.

In the South-west Thames Region 2619 patients (2105 women and 514 men) were discharged with a diagnosis of femoral neck fracture in 1974. The equivalent of a 250-bedded hospital was occupied throughout the year. The incidence, average length of stay, and mortality rate rose with increasing age and there were differences in these indices in the five health areas. These results confirm the enormous burden placed on the hospital service by patients with fracture of the femoral neck but suggest that differences in practice in the five areas may contribute to the size of the problem.  (+info)

(2/520) Carotid sinus hypersensitivity--a modifiable risk factor for fractured neck of femur.

BACKGROUND: the potential impact on morbidity, mortality and health care economics makes it important to identify patients at risk of fracture, in particular fractured neck of femur (FNOF). Older patients with carotid sinus hypersensitivity (CSH) are more likely to have unexplained falls and to experience fractures, particularly FNOF. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of CSH in patients with FNOF. DESIGN: case-controlled prospective series. METHODS: consecutive cases were admissions over 65 years with FNOF. Controls were consecutive patients admitted for elective hip surgery, frail elderly people admitted to hospital medical wards and day-hospital patients. All patients had a clinical assessment of cognitive function, physical abilities and history of previous syncope, falls and dizziness, in addition to repeated carotid sinus massage with continuous heart rate and phasic blood pressure measurement. RESULTS: heart rate slowing and fall in systolic blood pressure was greater for patients with FNOF than those admitted for elective hip surgery (P < 0.05 and P < 0.001). CSH was present in 36% of the FNOF group, none of the elective surgery group, 13% of the acutely ill controls and 17% of the outpatients. It was more likely to be present in FNOF patients with a previous history of unexplained falls or an unexplained fall causing the index fracture. The heart rate and systolic blood pressure responses to carotid sinus stimulation were reproducible. CONCLUSION: older patients with an acute neck of femur fracture who do not give a clear history of an accidental fall or who have had previously unexplained falls are likely to have CSH. CSH may be a modifiable risk factor for older patients at risk of hip fracture.  (+info)

(3/520) Acute fracture of the neck of the femur. An assessment of perfusion of the head by dynamic MRI.

We performed dynamic MRI of the femoral head within 48 hours of injury on 22 patients with subcapital fracture of the neck of the femur and on a control group of 20 of whom ten were healthy subjects and ten were patients with an intertrochanteric fracture. Three MRI patterns emerged when the results between the fractured side and the contralateral femoral head were compared. In all of the control group and in those patients who had undisplaced fractures (Garden stages I and II), perfusion of the femoral head was considered to be at the same level as on the unaffected side. In patients with displaced fractures (Garden stages III and IV) almost all the femoral heads on the fractured side were impaired or totally avascular, although some had the same level of perfusion as the unaffected side. We conclude that dynamic MRI, a new non-invasive imaging technique, is useful for evaluating the perfusion of the femoral head.  (+info)

(4/520) Hip fracture and bone histomorphometry in a young adult with cystic fibrosis.

A 25-yr-old male with cystic fibrosis sustained a fragility fracture of the left femoral neck, which required surgical correction. He had several risk factors for the development of low bone density and despite treatment with an oral bisphosphonate, his bone mineral density reduced further. The patient died 2 yrs after sustaining the fracture. Bone specimens obtained at post mortem demonstrated severe cortical and trabecular osteopenia, but the histological features were not typical of osteoporosis or osteomalacia. Osteoporosis is thought to be a common complication of cystic fibrosis. The novel histomorphometric appearances reported here suggest that the bone disease of cystic fibrosis may be more complex and possibly unique. Labelled bone biopsies are required to clarify the bone defect leading to low bone density in cystic fibrosis patients so that appropriate therapeutic strategies can be developed.  (+info)

(5/520) Fractures due to hypocalcemic convulsion.

We report on two cases of patients in whom hypocalcemic seizures during hemodialysis led to right scapular body fracture in one and bilateral femoral neck fractures in the other.  (+info)

(6/520) Is McMurray's osteotomy obsolete?

A review of the method of performing, advantages, disadvantages of McMurray's displacement osteotomy with regard to treatment of nonunion of transcervical fracture neck femur with viable femoral head was carried out in this study of ten cases, in view of the abandonment of the procedure in favour of angulation osteotomy. Good results obtained in the series attest to the usefulness of McMurray's osteotomy in the difficult problem of nonunion of transcervical fracture neck femur in well selected cases with certain advantages over the angulation osteotomy due to the 'Armchair effect'.  (+info)

(7/520) Hip dislocations associated with ipsilateral femoral neck fracture.

Two cases of subcapital fracture associated with hip dislocation, treated with primary uncemented Total Hip Replacement are presented.  (+info)

(8/520) Reflex sympathetic dystrophy in hypophosphataemic osteomalacia with femoral neck fracture: a case report.

We report a male patient who presented with suspicion of skeletal metastases based upon an abnormal 99-mTc bone scan, which showed increased uptake at both femoral heads, left femoral neck, and several ribs. The images also suggested reflex sympathetic dystrophy, subcapital fracture of the left femur, and rib fractures. A diagnosis of hypophosphataemic osteomalacia was finally made.  (+info)


  • Unstable intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients are associated with a high rate of complications and poses difficulty in fixation. (eg.net)
  • Despite the application of modern locking plate technology, complications remain common after fixation of proximal humeral fractures in elderly patients. (eg.net)
  • Less invasive techniques for realignment of distal tibial fractures and reduction of the articular fragments using an Ilizarov fixator with or without minimal internal fixation have been recommended as reliable and safe methods for the treatment of these patients. (eg.net)
  • Internal fixation of undisplaced fractures remains undisputed. (scielo.org.za)
  • In terms of displaced fractures, two well-designed studies have shown significantly higher re-operation rates in patients treated with closed reduction and internal fixation. (scielo.org.za)
  • Holt G, Smith R, Duncan K, Finlayson DF, Gregori A (2008) Early mortality after surgical fixation of hip fractures in the elderly an analysis of data from the Scottish hip fracture audit. (springer.com)

proximal femur

  • Delay to surgery prolongs hospital stay in patients with fractures of the proximal femur. (springer.com)


  • Mortality with these fractures can approach 20 % in the elderly. (gentili.net)
  • Cemented bipolar hemiarthroplasty with calcar replacement is a good option for unstable intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly. (eg.net)
  • While there appears to be renewed interest in the use of bi-polar hemiarthroplasty, conflicting evidence has been published with regard to total hip replacement for hip fractures in the elderly, and it may only be indicated in selected subgroups of relatively healthy patients. (scielo.org.za)
  • Hip fractures are a significant cause of mortality and morbidity in the elderly. (springer.com)
  • Cooper C, Campion G, Melton LJ (1992) Hip fractures in the elderly: a world-wide projection. (springer.com)
  • Femoral neck fractures occur primarily in the elderly population, and nowadays arthroplasty is chosen most frequently as a treatment solution. (healthgoo.com)


  • Due to the increase in the world's ageing population the incidence of femoral neck fractures is expected to triple in the next 50 years. (scielo.org.za)


  • The Garden staging system is used to classify femoral neck fractures based on the displacement of the femoral head based on the angle of the medial compressive trabeculae of the femoral neck and head components of the fracture. (gentili.net)
  • This is an unstable fracture with the highest degree of avascular necrosis of the femoral head. (gentili.net)
  • This shows an incomplete fracture of the femoral head, Garden I in staging. (gentili.net)
  • This STIR sequence image shows intense signal in the left femoral neck region, due to fracture much more extensive than that predicted by the radiograph. (gentili.net)
  • Femoral neck fractures are the second most common non-vertebral fragility fracture, and their management is complicated by multiple controversies. (scielo.org.za)
  • Three hundred patients above the age of 65 were identified who were admitted in to the hospital with fracture neck of femur. (springer.com)


  • Extracapsular fractures include intertrochanteric and subtrochanteric fractures. (gentili.net)
  • All the patients had unstable intertrochanteric fractures. (eg.net)


  • Proximal femoral fractures include a broad group of common fractures of the femoral head and neck typically occurring in osteoporotic females. (gentili.net)


  • Arguably the most important recent development in the management of hip fractures is the decrease in mortality provided by intravenous bisphosphonate therapy. (scielo.org.za)
  • Apart from a reduction in subsequent fractures the therapy also appears to reduce mortality due to cardiovascular and pulmonary causes. (scielo.org.za)
  • Are albumin and total lymphocyte count significant and reliable predictors of mortality in fractured neck of femur patients? (springer.com)
  • The aim of this study was to identify significant predictors of mortality at 6 and 12 months following hip fractures. (springer.com)
  • Dahl E (1980) Mortality and life expectancy after hip fractures. (springer.com)
  • van Zeeland ML, Genovesi IP, Mulder JW, Strating PR, Glas AS, Engel AF (2011) POSSUM predicts hospital mortality and long-term survival in patients with hip fractures. (springer.com)


  • The femoral head is mild varus position. (gentili.net)
  • The femoral head is further in varus position with medial rotation. (gentili.net)
  • All patients presented with nonunited fractures and 22 patients had varus malalignment. (eg.net)


  • 2 Avascular necrosis can be expected in 15-33% of displaced fractures and non-union may occur in 23-37% of cases. (scielo.org.za)


  • Diabetes mellitus places patients at an increased risk for complications following distal tibia fractures whether treated conservatively or surgically. (eg.net)
  • Foster MR, Heppenstall RB, Friedenberg ZB, Hozack WJ (1990) A prospective assessment of nutritional status and complications in patients with fractures of the hip. (springer.com)


  • During 1989, there were 996 femoral neck fractures (259 males and 737 females, i.e., 1:2.85) the ratio of cervical and trochanteric fractures was 327:667 (1:2.04). (semanticscholar.org)


  • Nonunion of femoral neck fractures is common. (gentili.net)


  • Klotzbuecher CM, Ross PD, Landsman PB et al (2000) Patients with prior fractures have an increased risk of future fractures: a summary of literature and statistical synthesis. (springer.com)


  • Only patients with type III, IV, or type V fractures according to the Evans' classification were included in the study. (eg.net)
  • Using these methods, many proximal humeral fractures in patients older than 75 years can be fixed reliably. (eg.net)
  • Between June 2008 and January 2012, 25 patients with type II diabetes mellitus receiving oral and/or insulin for blood sugar control, with complicated distal tibia fractures, were treated using an Ilizarov fixator. (eg.net)
  • In all patients, the fractures healed, with no need for any procedure to enhance healing. (eg.net)


  • The treatment of fractures of the distal tibia is associated with high complication rates. (eg.net)