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*  Branchial Cleft Cyst

Infection is the main indication for removal. A branchial cleft cyst may become infected when your child has a sore throat, cold or ear infection. The cyst is located in the neck near a vast supply of lymph nodes that monitor all infections in the head and neck area. Once the branchial cleft cyst becomes infected, it may begin to drain thick yellow fluid. The skin over the cyst may also become red and swollen. Infected cysts are treated with oral antibiotics and warm compresses. Occasionally the infected cyst may need to be opened and drained. If there are persistent problems with drainage or infection, these cysts should be surgically removed. Excision of the cyst or tract would not be performed in the period of acute infection due to inflammation of surrounding tissue. If your child has chronic drainage without signs of infection, surgical excision is also recommended due to the future risk of infection. During the operation a complete removal of branchial cleft remnants is performed. ...

*  Malformative lesions - - Human pathology

Definition: A branchial cleft cyst is a congenital epithelial cyst that arises on the lateral part of the neck usually due to failure of obliteration of the second branchial cleft (or failure of fusion of the second and third branchial arches) in embryonic development. Less commonly, the cysts can develop from the first, third, or fourth clefts ...

*  Branchial Cleft Abnormalities in Babies and Children: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment | St. Louis Children's Hospital

Information on branchial cleft abnormalities in babies and children including causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment from St. Louis Children's Hospital.

*  Hematology and Oncology

... is a chapter in the book, Otolaryngology, containing the following 19 pages: Ear Tumor, Chemodectoma, Cholesteatoma, Exostoses, Acoustic Neuroma, Osteoma, Laryngeal Neoplasm, Lip Cancer, Oral Growth, Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Neck Masses in Adults, Neck Masses in Children, Branchial Cleft Cyst, Cystic Hygroma, Thyroglossal Cyst, Nasal Tumor, Salivary Gland Tumor, Tongue Carcinoma, Causes of Neck Mass in Adults.

*  branchial cleft

one of the internal slits between adjacent arches which permit water to flow from the buccal cavity to the branchial cavity in Teleostomi or to the exterior in Cyclostomata and Elasmobranchii

*  Collision lesions of the sella: co-existence of craniopharyngioma with gonadotroph adenoma and of Rathke's cleft cyst with...

Collision lesions of the sellar region are relatively uncommon. Most contributions include a pituitary adenoma or a cyst/cystic tumor, particularly a Rathke cleft cyst. The association of craniopharyngioma with an adenoma is particularly rare. Among reported cases, some have included secondary prolactin cell hyperplasia due to pituitary stalk section effect. Herein, we report two collision lesions, including a gonadotroph adenoma with adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma and a corticotroph adenoma with Rathke's cleft cyst. Clinicopathologic correlation and a review of the literature are undertaken.

*  ENT Questions for Applied Knowledge Test - ppt video online download

Causes of Neck Lumps > Branchial Cyst > Ludwigs Angina > Parotitis > Thyroglossal Cyst > Dermoid Cyst > Parapharyngeal Abscess > Thyroid Swelling > Laryngocele > Pharyngeal pouch > Reactive lymphadenitis 45 yr old clarinet player presents with neck swelling that expands with forced expiration

*  Cranial Nerves - STEP1 Neurology - Step 1 -

M1.NE.4756) A 4-year-old male is accompanied by his mother to a head and neck surgeon for a follow-up visit after the patient underwent a branchial cyst operation. The child's immediate post-operative period was uneventful. However, the mother reports that the child has had trouble speaking since the operation. His words appear more slurred than before. The child's pain has been well controlled with acetaminophen. The child was born at 34 weeks' gestation and stayed one day in the neonatal intensive care unit for prematurity prior to being discharged without any abnormal findings. On examination, the incision is clean, dry, non-erythematous, and shows signs of healing. The child is asked to stick out his tongue and findings are shown in Figure A. Which of the following muscles is most likely affected in this patient? ...

*  Growing Rathke's cleft cyst | Radiology Case |

Rathke cleft cysts are lined by epithelium that can contain goblet cells. These cells can secrete fluid into the cyst lumen thus over time they can enlarge and cause compression to suprasellar structures such as the chiasm and hypothalamus (altho...

*  Rathke cleft cyst masquerading as pituitary abscess

PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.

*  JOMR | The Correlation between Maternal Exposure to Air Pollution and the Risk of Orofacial Clefts in Infants: a Systematic...

The authors performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the possible correlation between ambient air pollution and orofacial cleft anomalies in newborns.

*  JOMR | The Correlation between Maternal Exposure to Air Pollution and the Risk of Orofacial Clefts in Infants: a Systematic...

The authors performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the possible correlation between ambient air pollution and orofacial cleft anomalies in newborns.

*  Cystic neck masses: A pictorial review of unusual presentations and complicating features

Summary: Imaging plays a vital role in the evaluation of cystic neck masses. It is important for radiologists to recognize the common and the unusual manife...

No data available that match "branchioma"

(1/35) Cystic lymph node metastases of squamous cell carcinoma of Waldeyer's ring origin.

We analysed in a retrospective study the frequency of cystic lymph node (LN) metastases in neck dissection specimens of 123 patients with primary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) arising in the palatine tonsils (62 M/14 F), the base of the tongue (38 M/5 F) and the nasopharynx (2 M/2 F). Eighty-two per cent of patients had metastases (64 tonsillar SCC, 33 base of tongue SCC and all four nasopharynx SCC) in 368 LN of a total 2298 sampled LN. Thirty-nine per cent of patients had exclusively solid metastases and 37% of patients had exclusively cystic metastases. A total of 62 patients had some signs of cyst formation in one or more metastatically affected LN (27 with only histological evidence of cyst formation with luminal diameters < 5 mm, 35 with clinically detectable cyst with luminal diameter > 5 mm). Cystic metastases were more common in patients with SCC of the base of the tongue (P = 0.005), while solitary clinically evident cystic metastasis with lumina > 5 mm were found exclusively in tonsillar carcinoma (P = 0.024). In comparison with solid metastases, cyst formation was associated with N-categories (N2b and N3, P = 0.005) in SCC of the base of the tongue origin. No such association was observed for tonsillar SCC (P = 0.65). The primary mechanism of cyst formation was cystic degeneration.  (+info)

(2/35) Solitary nodal metastases presenting as branchial cysts: a diagnostic pitfall.

Two patients with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma are presented. Both were initially clinically diagnosed as branchial cysts. The importance of a full examination of the upper aerodigestive tract, and fine needle aspiration cytology is emphasised to avoid the possibility of excision as a branchial cyst, which could lead to tumour dissemination.  (+info)

(3/35) Second branchial cleft cysts: variability of sonographic appearances in adult cases.

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous reports have suggested that second branchial cleft cysts (BCCs) appear on sonograms as well-defined, cystic masses with thin walls and posterior enhancement. Previous CT and MR imaging findings, however, have indicated heterogeneity of these masses, and, in our experience, sonography also shows a similar variable appearance. In this communication, we report the cases of 17 patients with second BCCs and document the variability of sonographic patterns. METHODS: The sonograms of 17 adults with second BCCs were reviewed. Only patients with surgical or cytologic evidence of BCCs were included in this study. The features evaluated were the location, internal echogenicity, posterior enhancement, and presence of septa and fistulous tract. RESULTS: Four patterns of second BCCs were identified: anechoic (41%), homogeneously hypoechoic with internal debris (23.5%), pseudosolid (12%), and heterogeneous (23.5%). The majority (70%) showed posterior enhancement. All were situated in their classical location, posterior to the submandibular gland, superficial to the carotid artery and internal jugular vein, and closely related to the medial and anterior margin of the sternomastoid muscle. Fourteen (82%) of the 17 BCCs had imperceptible walls, and all were well defined. For none of the patients was a fistulous tract revealed by sonography; the presence of internal septations was revealed for three patients. CONCLUSION: As previously suggested by CT and MR imaging findings, sonography reinforces that second BCCs in adults are not simple cysts but have a complex sonographic pattern ranging from a typical anechoic to a pseudosolid appearance.  (+info)

(4/35) Intrathyroidal lymphoepithelial (branchial) cyst: sonographic features of a rare lesion.

Intrathyroidal lymphoepithelial cysts are rare, and only 15 such cases have been reported. Although sonography has been performed in some cases, the findings have not been discussed previously. Despite its rarity, the sonographic appearances of this lesion are similar to those of other commonly encountered congenital cystic lesions in the head and neck, such as thyroglossal duct cysts and second branchial cleft cysts, and this may provide a clue to its diagnosis. We describe the sonographic appearances of intrathyroidal lymphoepithelial cysts.  (+info)

(5/35) Parapharyngeal second branchial cyst manifesting as cranial nerve palsies: MR findings.

SUMMARY: We report the MR findings of parapharyngeal branchial cleft cyst manifesting as multiple, lower cranial nerve palsies in a 35-year-old woman. On MR images, a well-marginated cystic mass was detected in the right parapharyngeal space, with displacement of both the right internal carotid artery and the right internal jugular vein on the posterolateral side. The cyst contained a whitish fluid that was slightly hyperintense on T1-weighted images and slightly hypointense to CSF on T2-weighted images. No enhancement on contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images was present. The right side of the tongue showed high signal intensity on T2-weighted images, suggesting denervation.  (+info)

(6/35) Infected branchial cleft cyst due to Bordetella bronchiseptica in an immunocompetent patient.

A healthy 23-year-old man with fever and a tender mass in his right anterior neck was found to have a branchial cleft cyst infected with Bordetella bronchiseptica. Initial testing suggested a Brucella species, but further laboratory testing identified the organism definitively. B. bronchiseptica infection in healthy adults is an unusual event.  (+info)

(7/35) A case of second branchial cleft cyst with oropharyngeal presentation.

Second branchial cleft cysts are the most common type of branchial abnormalities and usually found high in the neck. Oropharyngeal presence of branchial cleft cyst is very rare. We report a case of oropharyngeal branchial cleft cyst in 2-yr-old girl with about 1 x 1 cm sized cystic mass, which had not any specific symptom. It was removed completely under impression of mucocele and did not have tract-like structure. However, cyst had a squamous epithelium-lined wall with lymphoid aggregation in histopathologic study, which was characteristic finding of branchial cleft cyst. Patient discharged without any complication and there was no evidence of recurrence for 18 months follow-up. We review reported oropharyngeal or nasopharyngeal presentation of these cases in English literature and embryological explanation.  (+info)

(8/35) Pathological analysis of congenital cervical cysts in children: 20 years of experience at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital.

BACKGROUND: Congenital cervical cysts are frequently encountered in pediatric populations, and constitute one of the most intriguing areas of pediatric pathology. This report analyzes cervical cysts in Taiwanese children diagnosed at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital (CGMH) over the past 20 years. The pathologic and clinical findings are reviewed. METHODS: Files on 331 patients under the age of 18 years, with a diagnosis of congenital cervical cyst at CGMH from January 1, 1983 to June 30, 2002, were retrieved from the Department of Pathology. There were 204 boys and 127 girls. We reviewed the histology of all cases and correlated it with clinical information in the medical records. RESULTS: Thyroglossal duct cysts, the most common congenital neck cyst, accounted for 54.68% of all cases, followed by cystic hygromas (25.08%), branchial cleft cysts (16.31%), bronchogenic cysts (0.91%), and thymic cysts (0.30%). Nine cases (2.72%) remained unclassified. CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest series regarding pediatric cervical cysts in the literature to date. Thyroglossal duct cysts were the most common congenital cervical cyst encountered. Our experience indicates that each type of cyst has its unique location in the neck and is highly associated with its embryonic origin. Complete and precise clinical information is a prerequisite in order for pathologists to make accurate diagnoses of congenital cervical cysts.  (+info)

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