Wheelchairs: Chairs mounted on wheels and designed to be propelled by the occupant.Man-Machine Systems: A system in which the functions of the man and the machine are interrelated and necessary for the operation of the system.Paraplegia: Severe or complete loss of motor function in the lower extremities and lower portions of the trunk. This condition is most often associated with SPINAL CORD DISEASES, although BRAIN DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; and MUSCULAR DISEASES may also cause bilateral leg weakness.Architectural Accessibility: Designs for approaching areas inside or outside facilities.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Ergometry: Any method of measuring the amount of work done by an organism, usually during PHYSICAL EXERTION. Ergometry also includes measures of power. Some instruments used in these determinations include the hand crank and the bicycle ergometer.Electric Power Supplies: Devices that control the supply of electric current for running electrical equipment.Quadriplegia: Severe or complete loss of motor function in all four limbs which may result from BRAIN DISEASES; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; or rarely MUSCULAR DISEASES. The locked-in syndrome is characterized by quadriplegia in combination with cranial muscle paralysis. Consciousness is spared and the only retained voluntary motor activity may be limited eye movements. This condition is usually caused by a lesion in the upper BRAIN STEM which injures the descending cortico-spinal and cortico-bulbar tracts.Spinal Cord Injuries: Penetrating and non-penetrating injuries to the spinal cord resulting from traumatic external forces (e.g., WOUNDS, GUNSHOT; WHIPLASH INJURIES; etc.).Self-Help Devices: Devices, not affixed to the body, designed to help persons having musculoskeletal or neuromuscular disabilities to perform activities involving movement.Disabled Persons: Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.Ischium: One of three bones that make up the coxal bone of the pelvic girdle. In tetrapods, it is the part of the pelvis that projects backward on the ventral side, and in primates, it bears the weight of the sitting animal.Pressure Ulcer: An ulceration caused by prolonged pressure on the SKIN and TISSUES when one stays in one position for a long period of time, such as lying in bed. The bony areas of the body are the most frequently affected sites which become ischemic (ISCHEMIA) under sustained and constant pressure.Walkers: Walking aids generally having two handgrips and four legs.Tennis: A game played by two or four players with rackets and an elastic ball on a level court divided by a low net.Human Engineering: The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.Track and Field: Sports performed on a track, field, or arena and including running events and other competitions, such as the pole vault, shot put, etc.Basketball: A competitive team sport played on a rectangular court having a raised basket at each end.Canes: Sticks used as walking aids. The canes may have three or four prongs at the end of the shaft.Elevators and Escalators: Mechanical ascending and descending devices which convey objects and/or people.Equipment Safety: Freedom of equipment from actual or potential hazards.Shoulder: Part of the body in humans and primates where the arms connect to the trunk. The shoulder has five joints; ACROMIOCLAVICULAR joint, CORACOCLAVICULAR joint, GLENOHUMERAL joint, scapulathoracic joint, and STERNOCLAVICULAR joint.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Maintenance: The upkeep of property or equipment.Sports: Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.Acceleration: An increase in the rate of speed.Robotics: The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.Musculoskeletal Physiological Processes: Biological actions and functions of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Crutches: Wooden or metal staffs designed to aid a person in walking. (UMDNS,1999)Locomotion: Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.Motor Vehicles: AUTOMOBILES, trucks, buses, or similar engine-driven conveyances. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Upper Extremity: The region of the upper limb in animals, extending from the deltoid region to the HAND, and including the ARM; AXILLA; and SHOULDER.Hemiplegia: Severe or complete loss of motor function on one side of the body. This condition is usually caused by BRAIN DISEASES that are localized to the cerebral hemisphere opposite to the side of weakness. Less frequently, BRAIN STEM lesions; cervical SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; and other conditions may manifest as hemiplegia. The term hemiparesis (see PARESIS) refers to mild to moderate weakness involving one side of the body.Arm: The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.

*  Broadened Horizons Direct - Rio Mobility Dragonfly Lightweight Handcycle for Manual Wheelchair - FREE SHIPPING Continental USA

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*  Physical and Leisure Activity in Older Community-Dwelling Canadians Who Use Wheelchairs: A Population Study

Wheelchair use was a risk factor for reduced participation in physical (. ) and leisure activity (. ). Wheelchair use was a ... Classification of Wheelchair Use. Wheelchair use was identified using the Health Utility Index module of the CCHS. Respondents ... Wheelchair use is associated with reduced participation in physical and leisure activity, and both wheelchair use and reduced ... The perceived health of older wheelchair users was compared to the perceived health of older adults who do not use a wheelchair ...
https://hindawi.com/journals/jar/2011/147929/

*  The Chocolate Wheelchair Album - Wikipedia

The Chocolate Wheelchair Album es un disco de Venetian Snares lanzado en 2003 por Planet Mu. Este álbum incluye una serie de ...
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*  Rare Cancer Support Forum • View topic - MY bizarre story

But these were largely unsuccessful, and I've been a full time wheelchair user all my life. But I got on with the business of ...
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*  Free Wheelchair Mission | Hannah Winningham's Fundraiser

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*  Medline Excel K4 Wheelchair | Walgreens

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*  Curling squad helps student in wheelchair take to ice - Entertainment & Life - The State Journal-Register - Springfield, IL

He has used a wheelchair for most of his life. It's been great from ... and now in his wheelchair as part of the Wausau West curling team.Matt was born with spina bifida, a birth defect that caused ... In Matt s case, he goes onto the ice in his wheelchair and uses a pole to propel the rock when he throws. One of his teammates ... But much of Matt s ice time has come in his hockey sled, and now in his wheelchair as part of the Wausau West curling team. ...
sj-r.com/article/20140113/ENTERTAINMENTLIFE/140119937/10376/LIFESTYLE

*  Quigley's Cabinet: Stomach growls

So there I was and had to call Valerie (Steve is sick) to help me transfer from scooter to manual wheelchair, which is where I ... But I have to stay in the wheelchair until Monday, because the scooter place is closed on the weekend and I can't even leave a ... 3/1/11 Today was the day we went to Orlando so that I could be assessed and measured for a powerchair (motorized wheelchair). ... The usual wiriness (plus an excess of spasticity, i.e. "shaky legs") kicked in, then I was in the manual wheelchair in Illinois ...
quigleyscabinet.blogspot.com/2010/04/stomach-growls.html

*  Now, just move your tongue to power a wheelchair - Thaindian News

... control a powered wheelchair, and interact with their ... Now, just move your tongue to power a wheelchair. June 30th, ... The researchers have also tested the ability of twelve able-bodied individuals to operate an electric-powered wheelchair with ... control a powered wheelchair, and interact with their environments simply by moving their tongues. ... and wirelessly transmit signals to a portable computer that can be carried on the user's clothing or wheelchair. ...
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*  Rubber Wheelchair Ramps | Walgreens

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*  Electric Wheelchairs For Sale - Power Wheelchairs Prices

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*  ROHO High Profile Single Compartment Wheelchair Cushions BUY Pressure Ulcers Cushion, High Profile Wheelchair Cushion, Single...

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*  Transport Chairs | Lightweight & Bariatric Mobility Wheelchairs - 0

Another choice is the Poly-Fly Lightweight Wheelchair/Transport Chair Combo. It's a combination wheelchair and transport chair ... Choosing The Best Transport Wheelchairs. For the caregiver and patient alike, a transport wheelchair can be a godsend. Unlike a ... Worth A Look: "2 In 1" Transport Wheelchair Options. Innovations in transport wheelchair design have led to models that satisfy ... It's also a good option for a travel wheelchair when going by car or plane, for instance, because it is so easy to fold up and ...
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*  Wheelchair scams expose Medicare's weak defenses | HeraldNet.com

Today, Cortez's wheelchair sits in his garage, still wrapped in plastic from the factory. Fernandez's wheelchair is occupied by ... The tool of the crime was the motorized wheelchair.. The wheelchair scam was designed to exploit blind spots in Medicare, which ... Or even a non-motorized wheelchair. Only a motorized wheelchair would do. Instead of making lame men walk, the doctor's job was ... "And they'd have the wheelchair, a $2,500 wheelchair, sitting in the corner with stacks of 1/8stuff3/8 on it. And 1/ ...
heraldnet.com/news/wheelchair-scams-expose-medicares-weak-defenses/

*  Letters: TransLink, taxes, road pricing, Christy Clark, grades, animal abuse, wheelchair fees | The Province

Letters: TransLink, taxes, road pricing, Christy Clark, grades, animal abuse, wheelchair fees. Province Opinion More from ... Anyone living in their own house or apartment pays for their own wheelchairs, canes, walkers as well as a variety of other ... The introduction of a wheelchair maintenance fee is consistent with the ministry policy on what fees are allowable in ... Letters: TransLink, taxes, road pricing, Christy Clark, grades, animal abuse, wheelchair fees. * Tumblr ...
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*  WAC 204-10-080: Wheelchair conveyance.

2) Every wheelchair conveyance that is designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground must comply ... The wheelchair conveyance must be equipped with a propulsion device capable of propelling the vehicle at a minimum speed of 20 ... 1) Every wheelchair conveyance that is designed to travel on four wheels in contact with the ground must comply with the ... That all wheelchair conveyances must be equipped with two rear view mirrors and turn signals as defined in RCW 46.37.400 and ...
apps.leg.wa.gov/WAC/default.aspx?cite=204-10-080

*  Physiological and Psycho-social Variables of People With a Spinal Cord Injury Participating in Competitive Rugby in Wheelchairs...

Wheelchair rugby in Canada was developed specifically for people with tetraplegia who could not participate in wheelchair ... Wheelchair rugby improves self-confidence and as a result it affects other areas of life. Another study examined sense of self- ... Wheelchair rugby players with SCI with four limbs paralyzed playing and practicing regularly. Season lasts about six months. ... wheelchair rugby players with tetraplegia Other: tests and questionnaires lung test, depression and self-efficacy ...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01696851

*  A Giggles Welfare Organization

The word makes you immediately picture people on wheelchairs or who are not in the best of conditions. Disability is a broad ...
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*  Vandals burn Polzeath surf school wheelchairs - BBC News

Vandals have broken into a surf school in Cornwall and burnt wheelchairs used by people with disabilities enjoy the beach, ... Vandals have broken into a surf school in Cornwall and burnt wheelchairs used by people with disabilities to enjoy the beach, ...
bbc.com/news/uk-england-cornwall-28809170

*  Providing wheelchairs around the world | WBEZ

Worldview talks with Don Schoendorfer, the founder and president of Free Wheelchair Mission, an organization dedicated to ... Schoendorfer used his engineering background to found the non-profit, which has since provided over 660,000 wheelchairs to ... A 15-year old in the Democratic Republic of Congo with his new wheelchair. ... A 15-year old in the Democratic Republic of Congo with his new wheelchair. ...
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*  Elevated Wheelchairs: 2033 Technologies - AskMen

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https://askmen.com/top_10/entertainment/top-30-things-to-look-forward-to-in-2033-part-1_4.html

*  The Chocolate Wheelchair Album - Wikipedia

The Chocolate Wheelchair Album è un album in studio del musicista breakcore canadese Venetian Snares, pubblicato nel 2003. ... The Chocolate Wheelchair Album, su AllMusic, All Media Network.. ...
https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Chocolate_Wheelchair_Album

*  Physical and Motor Skills Accessibility - Apple Watch - Apple (QA)

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https://apple.com/qa/accessibility/watch/physical-and-motor-skills/

*  Scooters and powered wheelchairs customer area | Motability Scheme

If you are have a mobility scooter or powered wheelchair on the Motability Scheme, you will find a wealth of information to do ... More about scooters and powered wheelchairs Information on choosing a scooter or powered wheelchair, ordering and delivery and ... Looking after your scooter or powered wheelchair. * Servicing How and when to book a service ... Scooters and powered wheelchairs customer area. The Motability Scheme's all-inclusive package aims to make getting around worry ...
https://motability.co.uk/information-for-customers/scooters-and-powered-wheelchairs-customer-area/

*  Wheelchairs

... are a way for some people to be independent, despite illnesses or injuries. Find out more in this article for kids. ... Who Needs a Wheelchair?. Kids can need wheelchairs for many different reasons. Some have had injuries either to their legs or ... What Does a Wheelchair Do?. Daniel's motorized wheelchair was nothing like the old-fashioned kind you see in black & white ... Power wheelchairs have many advantages for kids who need them. Electronic controllers can help a kid who uses a wheelchair ...
kidshealth.org/ChildrensHospitalPittsburgh/en/kids/wheelchairs.html

Motorized wheelchair: A motorized wheelchair, powerchair, electric wheelchair or electric-powered wheelchair (EPW) is a wheelchair that is propelled by means of an electric motor rather than manual power. Motorized wheelchairs are useful for those unable to propel a manual wheelchair or who may need to use a wheelchair for distances or over terrain which would be fatiguing in a manual wheelchair.IEC 60446: International standard IEC 60446 Basic and safety principles for man-machine interface, marking and identification - Identification of equipment terminals, conductor terminations and conductors defines basic safety principles for identifying electrical conductors by colours or numerals, for example in electricity distribution wiring. The standard has been withdrawn; the fourth edition (IEC 60446:2007) was merged in 2010 into the fifth edition of IEC 60445 along with the fourth edition, IEC 60445:2006.List of people with paraplegia: This is a list of people who have or had paraplegia.Craig HospitalBeta encoder: A beta encoder is an analog to digital conversion (A/D) system in which a real number in the unit interval is represented by a finite representation of a sequence in base beta, with beta being a real number between 1 and 2. Beta encoders are an alternative to traditional approaches to pulse code modulation.Crossplane: The crossplane or cross-plane is a crankshaft design for piston engines with a 90° angle (phase in crank rotation) between the crank throws.See Crankshaft for "crank throw".Proton exchange membrane fuel cellUpper-limb surgery in tetraplegia: Upper-limb surgery in tetraplegia includes a number of surgical interventions that can help improve the quality of life of a patient with tetraplegia.Rehabilitation in spinal cord injury: When treating a person with a spinal cord injury, repairing the damage created by injury is the ultimate goal. By using a variety of treatments, greater improvements are achieved, and, therefore, treatment should not be limited to one method.Assistive technology service provider: Assistive technology service providers help individuals with disabilities acquire and use appropriate Assistive Technology (AT) to help them participate in activities of daily living, employment and education.Multiple disabilitiesNelaton's line: In anatomy, the Nelaton's Line (also known as the Roser-Nélaton line) is a theoretical line, in the moderately flexed hip, drawn from the anterior superior iliac spine to the tuberosity of the ischium.Braden Scale for Predicting Pressure Ulcer Risk: The Braden Scale for Predicting Pressure Ulcer Risk, is a tool that was developed in 1987 by Barbara Braden and Nancy Bergstrom.Johnnie Walker: Johnnie Walker is a brand of Scotch whisky owned by Diageo that originated in Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, Scotland. It is the most widely distributed brand of blended Scotch whisky in the world, sold in almost every country, with annual sales of over 130 million bottles.Amos MansdorfHuman factors and ergonomics: Human factors and ergonomics (HF&E), also known as comfort design, functional design, and user-friendly systems,Ergonomics in Thesaurus.com is the practice of designing products, systems or processes to take proper account of the interaction between them and the people who use them.Napier Javelin: The Napier Javelin was a British six-cylinder inline air-cooled engine designed by Frank Halford and built by Napier & Son.Lumsden 2003, p.Phil Henderson (basketball)Assistive cane: An assistive cane is a walking stick used as a crutch or mobility aid.Broken escalator phenomenon: The broken escalator phenomenon also known as the Walker Effect is the sensation of losing balance or dizziness reported by some people when stepping onto an escalator which is not working. It is said that there is a brief, odd sensation of imbalance, despite full awareness that the escalator is not going to move.Medical device: A medical device is an instrument, apparatus, implant, in vitro reagent, or similar or related article that is used to diagnose, prevent, or treat disease or other conditions, and does not achieve its purposes through chemical action within or on the body (which would make it a drug).Summarised from the FDA's definition.Mechanochemistry: Mechanochemistry or mechanical chemistry is the coupling of mechanical and chemical phenomena on a molecular scale and includes mechanical breakage, chemical behaviour of mechanically stressed solids (e.g.Grayrigg derailmentAssunta LegnanteOrders of magnitude (acceleration): This page lists examples of the acceleration occurring in various situations. They are grouped by orders of magnitude.Da Vinci Surgical System: The Da Vinci Surgical System is a robotic surgical system made by the American company Intuitive Surgical. Approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2000, it is designed to facilitate complex surgery using a minimally invasive approach, and is controlled by a surgeon from a console.Crutch: A crutch is a mobility aid that transfers weight from the legs to the upper body. It is often used for people who cannot use their legs to support their weight, for reasons ranging from short-term injuries to lifelong disabilities.Walker (BEAM): In BEAM robotics, a walker is a walking machine that has a driven mode of locomotion by intermittent ground-contacting legs. They usually possess 1 to 12 (generally, three or less) motors.List of truck types: This List of truck types is intended to classify trucks and to provide links to articles on the various types. The three main classifications for road truck by weight are light trucks, medium trucks, and heavy trucks.Alternating hemiplegia of childhood: Alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC) is a rare neurological disorder of uncertain etiology, though growing evidence strongly supports mutation of the ATP1A3 gene as the primary cause of this disease.2.Bristol Activities of Daily Living Scale: The Bristol Activities of Daily Living Scale (BADLS) is a 20-item questionnaire designed to measure the ability of someone with dementia to carry out daily activities such as dressing, preparing food and using transport.

(1/377) Energy cost of propulsion in standard and ultralight wheelchairs in people with spinal cord injuries.

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Wheelchair- and subject-related factors influence the efficiency of wheelchair propulsion. The purpose of this study was to compare wheelchair propulsion in ultralight and standard wheelchairs in people with different levels of spinal cord injury. SUBJECTS: Seventy-four subjects (mean age=26.2 years, SD=7.14, range=17-50) with spinal cord injury resulting in motor loss (30 with tetraplegia and 44 with paraplegia) were studied. METHOD: Each subject propelled standard and ultralight wheelchairs around an outdoor track at self-selected speeds, while data were collected at 4 predetermined intervals. Speed, distance traveled, and oxygen cost (VO2 mL/kg/m) were compared by wheelchair, group, and over time, using a Bonferroni correction. RESULTS: In the ultralight wheelchair, speed and distance traveled were greater for both subjects with paraplegia and subjects with tetraplegia, whereas VO2 was less only for subjects with paraplegia. Subjects with paraplegia propelled faster and farther than did subjects with tetraplegia. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION: The ultralight wheelchair improved the efficiency of propulsion in the tested subjects. Subjects with tetraplegia, especially at the C6 level, are limited in their ability to propel a wheelchair.  (+info)

(2/377) Bethlem myopathy: a slowly progressive congenital muscular dystrophy with contractures.

Bethlem myopathy is an early-onset benign autosomal dominant myopathy with contractures caused by mutations in collagen type VI genes. It has been reported that onset occurs in early childhood. We investigated the natural course of Bethlem myopathy in five previously published kindreds and two novel pedigrees, with particular attention to the mode of onset in 23 children and the progression of weakness in 36 adult patients. Our analysis shows that nearly all children exhibit weakness or contractures during the first 2 years of life. Early features include diminished foetal movements, neonatal hypotonia and congenital contractures which are of a dynamic nature during childhood. The course of Bethlem myopathy in adult patients is less benign than previously thought. Due to slow but ongoing progression, more than two-thirds of patients over 50 years of age use a wheelchair.  (+info)

(3/377) The effect of walking aids on exercise capacity and oxygenation in elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

BACKGROUND: high walking frames may improve exercise capacity in young patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We have assessed the effect of Zimmer, rollator and gutter frames on 6-min walking distance and on arterial oxygenation during exercise in elderly patients with COPD. METHODS: 27 out-patients (15 men) aged 70-82 (mean 75) years were recruited. Exclusions comprised: COPD exacerbation or oral steroid use within 6 weeks, confusional state, participation in a pulmonary rehabilitation programme and exercise limitation by other diseases. Subjects completed 6-min walk tests unaided and with the three frames on four separate days in random order 30 min after nebulized salbutamol (5 mg) and ipratropium (0.5 mg) and were accompanied by an investigator blinded to results of all other walk tests undertaken. Oxygen saturation (SaO2) was monitored by finger probe during exercise. Grouped t-tests were used to compare distances and reductions in SaO2. RESULTS: Unaided, the mean (SEM) 6-min walk distance was 210 (16) m and fall in oxygen saturation was 6.0 (1.1)%. Use of a rollator frame did not significantly affect either of these values. Using the Zimmer frame reduced the mean distance to 165 (13) m (t=5.2, P < 0.001 vs unaided walk) with an SaO2 fall similar to that recorded during the unaided walk. Using the gutter frame increased the mean distance to 234 (150) m (t=3. 1, P=0.004 vs unaided walk) and reduced the fall in SaO2 to 3.7 (0.8)% (t=2.3, P=0.03 vs unaided walk). CONCLUSIONS: gutter frames improve exercise capacity and SaO2 during exercise in elderly COPD patients who remain symptomatic on optimal therapy, whereas unwheeled Zimmer frames have a deleterious effect in such patients.  (+info)

(4/377) Population based cost utility study of interferon beta-1b in secondary progressive multiple sclerosis.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost utility of interferon beta-1b in secondary progressive multiple sclerosis. DESIGN: Population based cost utility model (healthcare perspective). Data on use of health services were obtained from case records and routine morbidity data and utility values from a EuroQol survey. Local and published costs were used. Effectiveness was modelled using data on relative risk reductions from a randomised trial of interferon beta-1b. SETTING: Tayside region, 1993-5. SUBJECTS: 132 ambulatory people with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cost per quality adjusted life year (QALY) gained. Rate of relapse and proportion becoming wheelchair dependent over three years. RESULTS: The number needed to treat for 30 months to delay time to wheelchair dependence in one person by nine months was 18 (95% confidence interval 5 to 26). For every 18 people treated for 30 months, six relapses would be prevented, gaining 0.397 discounted QALYs. The cost per QALY gained was 1 024 667 pounds sterling (276 466 pounds sterling to 485 499 pound sterling). If treatment was restricted to patients attending neurology services, the number needed to treat was 14 (cost per QALY gained 833 pounds sterling 514 (161 358 pounds sterling to infinity)). The cost per QALY gained was not sensitive to changes in cost which took account of a societal perspective. CONCLUSIONS: The cost per QALY gained from interferon beta is high because of the high drug cost and modest clinical effect. Resources could be used more efficiently elsewhere.  (+info)

(5/377) Sagittal static imbalance in myelomeningocele patients: improvement in sitting ability by partial and total gibbus resection.

The progression of kyphosis in myelomeningocele is independent of skeletal growth and requires early operative correction and stabilization to prevent a loss of sitting ability. In severe cases, only vertebrectomy makes it possible to achieve correction, stability and skin-closure without tension. In 14 patients with myelomeningocele gibbus, kyphectomy was performed, removing two vertebral bodies on average. The average kyphosis angle decreased from 128 degrees to 81 degrees, enabling most of the patients to participate again in social life by restoring wheelchair mobility. Nevertheless, a significantly higher complication rate was found compared to other correctional operations, lengthening the average hospital stay to 41 days. Special problems arose from trophic disorders of the skin and soft tissue and from the dystrophic muscles below the level of neural malfunction. In three cases, kyphosis reappeared cranial to the fused segments, requiring ventral stabilization. With respect to increasing kyphosis angle, an early intervention should be aimed at. A secondary operation can be necessary, if surgery is performed without taking care of the growth potential.  (+info)

(6/377) Seating and mobility considerations for people with spinal cord injury.

For people with spinal cord injuries, the selection of a wheelchair and seating system involves many factors. This clinical perspective describes a model that includes consideration of the person, the wheelchair, the immediate environment between the person and the wheelchair, the intermediate environment of the home and work, and the community environment. The seated posture is examined biomechanically, and literature is reviewed that highlights the differences in the seated position of people with spinal cord injuries and people without spinal cord injuries. Reports regarding overuse injuries of the shoulder and wrists are discussed along with methods of relieving pressure at the buttock and seat interface. The impact that research findings should have on current clinical practice and the need for more research to provide evidence to either support or change current practice is discussed.  (+info)

(7/377) Spina bifida children attending ordinary schools.

From September 1971 to September 1973 a policy was actively followed in South Gloucestershire of placing spina bifida children in ordinary schools wherever possible. This was achieved successfully in 14 cases out of a possible 24. Special attention was paid to the selection of children and schools. The main contraindications to attendance at ordinary school were: below average intelligence, special perceptual problems, the need for intensive physiotherapy, and problem incontinence-particularly infaecal continence. Success often depended on special provisions-for example, transport, aids to mobility, peripatetic physiotherapists. Personal attendants (welfare assistants) could be allocated to each of the more severely handicapped children. The lack of facilities for handicapped pupils in comprehensive schools is a matter needing urgent review.  (+info)

(8/377) Medical devices; effective date of requirement for premarket approval for three preamendment class III devices. Food and Drug Administration, HHS. Final rule.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is issuing a final rule to retain three class III preamendment devices in class III and to require the filing of a premarket approval application (PMA) or a notice of completion of a product development protocol (PDP) for the following devices: The lung water monitor, the powered vaginal muscle stimulator, and the stair-climbing wheelchair. The agency has summarized its findings regarding the degree of risk of illness or injury designed to be eliminated or reduced by requiring the devices to meet the statute's approval requirements and the benefits to the public from the use of the devices.  (+info)



manual wheelchairs


  • Why Manual Wheelchairs Are Preferable? (ezinemark.com)
  • If you are finding it difficult to transport sick or disabled parents from one place to another, manual wheelchairs could be the perfect solution for you. (ezinemark.com)
  • Since they are more expensive than manual wheelchairs , it should always be asked if a power wheelchairs is the best option. (medical-supplies-equipment-company.com)
  • They can also be put in stock for medical care facilities that wish to enable their patients more freedom than they have with a manual wheelchairs that has to be pushed by a nurse. (medical-supplies-equipment-company.com)
  • Hills have always been an obstacle for manual wheelchairs users, and reaching the top depended upon the steepness and the patient's raw strength, but power wheelchairs can easily mount hills. (medical-supplies-equipment-company.com)
  • They also move much quicker than manual wheelchairs, often moving up to 10 miles per hour. (medical-supplies-equipment-company.com)

electric wheelchair


  • Electric wheelchair safety is an important concern for hundreds of thousands people in America that rely on electric wheelchairs for mobility, according to the electric wheelchair statistics. (ezinemark.com)
  • Although your electric wheelchair may be mobile, it can cause serious injury when improperly used. (ezinemark.com)
  • When it comes to buying power wheelchairs (also known as electric wheelchair) there are several options to choose from. (ezinemark.com)

maneuver


  • No longer are wheelchairs heavy and difficult to maneuver. (kidshealth.org)
  • Earlier the handbook wheelchairs which required a person to push the wheelchair for it to maneuver had been used widely. (ezinemark.com)

mobility


  • They have restored freedom and made it easier than ever to get from point A to point B. When people are able to take their wheelchairs with them, they increase their mobility even more since they are able to take their mobility with them when they go. (ezinemark.com)
  • A wheelchair is a mobility device for those with limited or no use of their legs which would prevent them from walking. (ezinemark.com)
  • If you suffer a mobility threatening accident at some point between now and 2033, the future of wheelchair technology may level the playing field a bit. (askmen.com)
  • 500lb Carrier Loading Ramp Mobility Scooter Electric Power Wheelchair Heavy. (amazon.com)
  • 400lb Heavy Duty Mobility Scooter or Electric Power Wheelchair Carrier with. (amazon.com)
  • Power wheelchairs offer a patient greater mobility than with a manual chair. (medical-supplies-equipment-company.com)

Lifts


  • Vehicle Lifts for Wheelchairs have made people ever more mobile in this day and age. (ezinemark.com)
  • wheelchair lifts, and flow control mechanisms. (amazon.com)

Power


permanently


  • Kids who use wheelchairs usually fall into two categories: kids who use them for a short time (for instance, kids who broke a leg or had surgery) and those who use them for a long time, or permanently. (kidshealth.org)
  • Wheelchairs have always been a supply of great support for individuals who can't walk or are briefly or permanently disabled. (ezinemark.com)

offer


  • Pediatric wheelchairs have so many different styles to offer for whatver reason you would need. (ezinemark.com)

People


  • People who use wheelchairs can shop, work, go to school, play, drive cars - even compete in some special types of sports competitions. (kidshealth.org)
  • People who use wheelchairs are the same as everyone else. (kidshealth.org)
  • No one among us desires to use a wheelchair in lifetime, however there are several unlucky people who have to make use of them. (ezinemark.com)
  • There are various types of wheelchairs available and the different types are suited to different people with different disabilities. (ezinemark.com)
  • Designed by Melbourne student Jake Eadie, this elevated wheelchair changes the way we see wheelchair-bound people by giving them a kind of equal footing in day-to-day body language situations. (askmen.com)
  • Schoendorfer used his engineering background to found the non-profit, which has since provided over 660,000 wheelchairs to people around the world. (wbez.org)

help


  • Electronic controllers can help a kid who uses a wheelchair drive smoothly, brake easily, and make the wheelchair move with the touch of a hand or even by puffing on a special straw! (kidshealth.org)
  • Usually, kids in wheelchairs don't need to be pushed around, but they might need other kinds of help. (kidshealth.org)

available


  • No matter what type of wheelchair a person chooses, the fact that they are readily available is truly amazing. (ezinemark.com)

getting better


  • That can be frustrating, but wheelchairs are getting better all the time. (kidshealth.org)

medical


  • Silver Sport 2 Wheelchair with Detachable Full Arms and Swing Away Footrests by Drive Medical comes in an attractive easy to maintain powder coated silver vein finish and a steel frame for durability. (homedepot.com)

take


  • In some cases, it will be hard to use the wheelchair or it might take a long time. (kidshealth.org)

time


  • In some cases, kids have wheelchairs but don't need to use them all the time. (kidshealth.org)
  • Even though kids who use a wheelchair for a short time may feel frustrated or sad about relying on others to get around, they know that someday the wheelchair won't be necessary. (kidshealth.org)
  • The next time you see a kid using a wheelchair, try to be a friend. (kidshealth.org)

person


  • Mrs. Boyle told everyone that wheelchairs are just a good way of getting around if a person has trouble walking. (kidshealth.org)

president


  • Daniel's motorized wheelchair was nothing like the old-fashioned kind you see in black & white movies - or like the one President Franklin Delano Roosevelt used. (kidshealth.org)
  • Worldview talks with Don Schoendorfer, the founder and president of Free Wheelchair Mission , an organization dedicated to providing wheelchairs for the disabled in developing nations. (wbez.org)

various


  • Wheelchairs have positively made a difference to various individuals who have problems in walking and moving around. (ezinemark.com)

everyone


  • Not everyone is as accepting as Daniel's teacher, so life can be hard for someone who uses a wheelchair. (kidshealth.org)

different


  • Kids can need wheelchairs for many different reasons. (kidshealth.org)
  • For kids who depend on a wheelchair for the long term, life is different. (kidshealth.org)
  • They'll need to learn how to use the wheelchair in lots of different situations - at home, in school, while away on vacation. (kidshealth.org)

special


  • But they also must look for handicapped-accessible buildings, special ramps, parking places, and environments that are wheelchair-friendly. (kidshealth.org)

capacity


  • Some pediactric wheelchairs have the capacity to hold almost three hundred pounds. (ezinemark.com)

patients


  • A wheelchair is designed for patients who cannot walk. (ezinemark.com)
  • Wheelchairs that were not computerized aren't very helpful for some category of patients who are extra severely disabled. (ezinemark.com)
  • Wheelchair basketball is one of the original Paralympic sports, developed in the late 1940s as rehabilitation for patients with spinal cord injuries. (bbc.co.uk)

problems


  • This must be taken into consideration by a physician, especially if looking to prescribe a wheelchair to a patient suffering memory problems such as the late stages of Alzheimer's Disease. (medical-supplies-equipment-company.com)

uses


  • Any kid would be a little nervous to be starting at someplace new, but Daniel was extra-worried because he uses a wheelchair. (kidshealth.org)

feel


  • Wheelchair, it's such a word that makes an individual feel sad. (ezinemark.com)