War Crimes: Criminal acts committed during, or in connection with, war, e.g., maltreatment of prisoners, willful killing of civilians, etc.Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.War: Hostile conflict between organized groups of people.Gulf War: United Nations' action to intervene in conflict between the nation of Kuwait and occupying Iraqi forces, occurring from 1990 through 1991.Crime Victims: Individuals subjected to and adversely affected by criminal activity. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Persian Gulf Syndrome: Unexplained symptoms reported by veterans of the Persian Gulf War with Iraq in 1991. The symptoms reported include fatigue, skin rash, muscle and joint pain, headaches, loss of memory, shortness of breath, gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms, and extreme sensitivity to commonly occurring chemicals. (Nature 1994 May 5;369(6475):8)
War Crimes and Crimes against HumanityThe web of half-truths and falsehoods used to sell the war did not happen by accident; it was woven by design and then foisted ... Cheney believe they were truthful in the run-up to the war, it's easy for them to make their case. Instead of falsely claiming ... Bush was wrong when he said in his Veterans Day speech that more than 100 Congressional Democrats who voted for the Iraqi war ... Much more: each day brings slam-dunk evidence that the doomsday threats marshaled by the administration to sell the war weren't ...
War Crimes Court To Press Serbia On ArrestsSerbia's cooperation with the UN war crimes tribunal in The Hague has improved but Belgrade must keep up efforts to arrest the ... BRUSSELS (Reuters) -- Serbia's cooperation with the UN war crimes tribunal in The Hague has improved but Belgrade must keep up ... But Serbia's EU membership drive has stalled because of its poor record on war criminals.. Serbia also hopes the EU will soon ... He did not refer in the draft to the 'full' cooperation with efforts to arrest suspected war criminals which has been demanded ...
Giving the middle finger: Sri Lanka's conflicting responses to war crimes allegations - One Island Two Nations"I do think a broader process is necessary to establish whether these are crimes against humanity [or] possibly war crimes that ... how and why has Sri Lanka reached an impasse in investigating war crimes? What can comparative history teach us about war ... of the context of the Sri Lankan civil war believe we committed war crimes and demand an investigation? Is protection of ... and unarmed holiday-bound policemen influenced their support for the war and reaction against the war crime allegations. The ...
Croatia Retries Soldiers For War Crimes Against SerbsSeveral high-ranking Croatian army officers are currently on trial at the UN war crimes court at The Hague for crimes committed ... The crime took place in the eastern town of Novska at the height of the war against Croatian Serb rebels who had captured one- ... but at that time they were not classified as war crimes. That process was halted after a Croatian presidential pardon for the ... Novska was held by the Croatian army but was close to the frontline, and the killings were one of several cases of crimes ...
UPDATE: Is war crimes case moot? - SCOTUSblog... facing war crimes charges, are not entitled to the same procedural protections as would a person charged with crime in a ... is not a war crime at all, and thus no military commission can try such a charge since its powers reach only crimes covered by ... Is war crimes case moot?, SCOTUSblog (May. 2, 2012, 10:46 AM), http://www.scotusblog.com/2012/05/new-test-of-war-crimes-trials- ... UPDATE: Is war crimes case moot?. Posted Wed, May 2nd, 2012 10:46 am by Lyle Denniston ...
The Avalon Project : Nuremberg Trial Proceedings Vol. 7He was one of the participants in the crime perpetrated by the German fascists when 840,000 Russian prisoners of war in ... Soviet prisoners of war, prisoners of war of the former Polish Army, and nationals of various countries- Poles, Frenchmen, ... "Prisoner of war E.M. Fenchel testified: " While working as a motor mechanic, I had the opportunity of studying in detail the ... Among the same crimes are those on which I shall now submit evidence. On numerous occasions, I have already pointed out that ...
International Criminal Court (ICC) | international law | Britannica.comThe prosecutor accused Bashir of orchestrating genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity in the region and sought a ... war crimes, and crimes against humanity. On July 1, 2002, after the requisite number of countries (60) ratified the agreement, ... Created in part in response to the war crimes committed in the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda in the 1990s (separate ... court issued arrest warrants for a government minister and a militia leader in Sudan for their roles in war crimes and crimes ...
Country Report on Human Rights Practices in Croatia... primarily for war crimes and organized crime cases, at the request of the state prosecutor. ... War crimes issues were a sensitive issue for media, and journalists faced pressures because of their reporting. In May the CJA ... Courts trying domestic war crimes continued to display bias toward defendants based on their ethnic origin, although the OSCE ... Most persons on trial for war crimes were ethnic Serbs, nearly three-quarters of whom were tried in absentia in group trials in ...
Sudan Prez Charged with Darfur War Crimes | WIREDCriminal Court announced today that it will issue an arrest warrant against President Omar al-Bashir of Sudan for war crimes in ... Sudan Prez Charged with Darfur War Crimes. The International Criminal Court announced today. that it will issue an arrest ... warrant against President Omar al-Bashir of Sudan for war crimes in Darfur. The court stopped short. of formally accusing ... after the 1991 Gulf War.. In a January confirmation hearing, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said: 'We have spoken about ...
Ex-Yugoslav army leader acquitted of war crimes | Reuters... but ruled he had not ordered them to commit war crimes. "While Mr Perisic may have known of VRS crimes, the Yugoslav Army aid ... the Serbian war crimes prosecutor. "They have concluded that General Perisic did not violate the customs of war ... as a member ... United Nations war crimes judges said Momcilo Perisic had provided legitimate military support to the ethnic Serb Army of ... Momcilo Perisic, the former chief of staff of the Yugoslav army, sits in the courtroom of the Yugoslav War Crimes Tribunal ( ...
Wanted for War Crimes, Ntaganda Still at LargeGeneral Bosco Ntaganda is now wanted for war crimes by the International Criminal Court. WSJ's Christopher Rhoads reports on ... Wanted for War Crimes, Ntaganda Still at Large. 6/22/2012 6:00PM A one-time de facto ally of the UN peacekeeping mission in ... the man wanted by the International criminal Court for war crimes dating back a decade ... was left alone by a UN peacekeeping ... General Bosco Ntaganda is now wanted for war crimes by the International Criminal Court. WSJ's Christopher Rhoads reports on ...
War Crimes Tribunal Suspends Serb Nationalist TrialSeselj, leader of the Serbian Radical Party, is on trial on charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity during the Balkan ... Judges at the war crimes tribunal for the former Yugoslavia have suspended the trial of ultranationalist Serb leader Vojislav ...
Bosnian Serb Operation Targets War Crimes SuspectsBosnian police spokesman Radovan Pejic told AFP that the operation followed information that war crimes suspects might be ... 18 April 2004 -- Police in eastern Bosnia launched an operation today to arrest top war crimes suspects but announced hours ... Bosnian police spokesman Radovan Pejic told AFP that the operation followed information that war crimes suspects might be ... Earlier this year, the European Commission's chief in Bosnia, Michael Humphreys, said top war crimes suspects Radovan Karadzic ...
UN: Syrian Rebels Suspected of War CrimesUnited Nations human rights chief Navi Pillay is calling for an independent investigation into war crimes allegedly committed ... The U.N. says more than two years of civil war in Syria has killed more than 100,000 people and driven about 6 million from ... Pillay said those on both sides of the war who break international humanitarian and human rights law need to be held ...
Clinton Addresses War Crimes in Congo - WSJSecretary of State Clinton stopped in the Democratic Republic of Congo, making a two-day visit to highlight sexual violence, a weapon wielded in the long-running conflict by rebel groups as well as the Congolese army.
war crimes : NPRwar crimes
Category:American war crimes - WikipediaThe main article for this category is United States war crimes.. Wikimedia Commons has media related to War crimes committed by ... Pages in category "American war crimes". The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. This list may not ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:American_war_crimes&oldid=775279796" ...
Nazi war crimes : NPRNazi war crimes
War crimesShow rated 4 stars and above on ...
war crimes | Frontpage Magwar crimes. Wanted War Criminal Plans New York Visit The black lives that don't matter to Barack Obama August 18, 2015 ... Obama's War Crimes Charges - on The Glazov Gang Egyptian lawyers file formal complaint at the International Criminal Court ... Amnesty International Denounces Hamas War Crimes A long overdue accounting of some of the Palestinian-perpetrated atrocities in ... Raymond Ibrahim on Obama's War Crimes Charges Shillman fellow discusses Egyptians' bold move against our pro-Brotherhood ...
War crimes Bills - GovTrack.usWar crimes-related bills in the U.S. Congress. ... War crimes. Use this page to browse bills in the U.S. Congress ... related to the subject War crimes, as determined by the Library of Congress. ...
Abbas drops war crimes case... home over his decision to withdraw support for a UN report that alleges Israel and Hamas committed war crimes in the Gaza war. ... Both sides have denied committing war crimes.. The Palestinian decision to suspend the campaign for war crimes prosecutions was ... Israel, which vehemently denies the war crimes allegations, has warned that dealing with the Goldstone report now would derail ... his decision to withdraw support for a UN report that alleged Israel and Hamas committed war crimes in last winter's Gaza war. ...
France Arrests Srebrenica War Crimes SuspectMilorad Momic was detained close to Grenoble under an international arrest warrant issued by Serbia for crimes against humanity ... Milorad Momic was detained close to Grenoble under an international arrest warrant issued by Serbia for crimes against humanity ... Just Doing His Job': Son Recalls Life Of Soviet Colonel Heralded For Averting Nuclear War ... Just Doing His Job': Son Recalls Life Of Soviet Colonel Heralded For Averting Nuclear War ...
Embassy Row: Genuine war crimes - Washington Times"These are genuine war crimes," he said.. On Sunday, Syrian government warplanes and artillery pounded parts of Damascus and the ... "genuine war crimes.". Ambassador Robert S. Ford, addressing a forum in Washington, also warned that Islamist terrorists are ...
Top Kosovar Court Orders War Crimes RetrialKosovo's Supreme Court has ordered a war crimes retrial for Fatmir Limaj, a former Kosovar government minister and prominent ... Limaj has also been tried by the UN war crimes tribunal in The Hague but was acquitted in 2005.. Limaj is a close ally of Prime ... Kosovo's Supreme Court has ordered a war crimes retrial for Fatmir Limaj, a former Kosovar government minister and prominent ...
Ramush HaradinajFelony murder rule (Florida): In the state of Florida, the common law felony murder rule has been codified in Florida Revised Statutes § 782.04.List of military conflicts spanning multiple wars: Early histories of a war typically describe the war as it was declared by the states involved. It is not uncommon for later historians to group together a series of wars over a long period or spread over several theaters as part of a broader conflict or strategic campaign.AMX 10 RC: presentKhamisiyah: Khamisiyah ( ) is an area in southern Iraq located approximately 350 km south east of Baghdad, 200 km north-west of Kuwait City and 270 km north of Al Qaysumah. Khamisiyah is under the administration of the province of Dhi Qar.
(1/29) Rape in war: the humanitarian response.
Women and children are vulnerable to sexual violence in times of conflict, and the risk persists even after they have escaped the conflict area. The impact of rape goes far beyond the immediate effects of the physical attack and has long-lasting consequences. We describe the humanitarian community's response to sexual violence and rape in times of war and civil unrest by drawing on the experiences of Medecins Sans Frontieres/Doctors Without Borders and other humanitarian agencies. Health care workers must have a keen awareness of the problem and be prepared to respond appropriately. This requires a comprehensive intervention protocol, including antibiotic prophylaxis, emergency contraception, referral for psychological support, and proper documentation and reporting procedures. Preventing widespread sexual violence requires increasing the security in refugee camps. It also requires speaking out and holding states accountable when violations of international law occur. The challenge is to remain alert to these often hidden, but extremely destructive, crimes in the midst of a chaotic emergency relief setting. (+info)
(2/29) Mass identification of persons missing from the break-up of the former Yugoslavia: structure, function, and role of the International Commission on Missing Persons.
The staff of the International Commission on Missing Persons (ICMP) is attempting to undertake the largest mass human identification effort in history. Through the generosity of numerous governmental and private corporations the ICMP has established or is currently establishing a strong network of political allies, family outreach centers, and DNA laboratories throughout the former Yugoslavia. Furthermore, the ICMP is currently working to streamline current technology as well as employ new technology in its efforts to assist in identifying missing individuals. ICMP will continue to act as a link between the family associations in the region and will synchronize the work of the DNA identification process in the countries affected by the war in the regions of the former Yugoslavia. In the longer term, ICMP seeks to contribute to the closure of the missing persons issue, to raise awareness of the human dimension of the missing persons tragedy, and to preserve a shared and common memory of the missing in the former Yugoslavia. (+info)
(3/29) Epidemiology of violent deaths in the world.
OBJECTIVE: This study describes epidemiologic patterns of mortality due to suicide, homicide, and war for the world in order to serve as a benchmark against which to measure future progress and to raise awareness about violence as a global public health problem. SETTING: The world and its eight major regions. METHOD: Data were derived from The Global Burden of Disease series and the US National Center for Health Statistics to estimate crude rates, age adjusted rates, sex rate ratios, and the health burden for suicide, homicide, and war related deaths for the world and its eight major regions in 1990. RESULTS: In 1990, an estimated 1,851,000 people died from violence (35.3 per 100,000) in the world. There were an estimated 786,000 suicides. Overall suicide rates ranged from 3.4 per 100,000 in Sub-Saharan Africa to 30.4 per 100,000 in China. There were an estimated 563,000 homicides. Overall homicide rates ranged from 1.0 per 100,000 in established market economies to 44.8 per 100,000 in Sub-Saharan Africa with peaks among males aged 15-24 years old, and among females aged 0-4 years old. There were an estimated 502,000 war related deaths with peaks in rates for both sexes among people aged 0-4, 15-29, and 60-69 years old. CONCLUSION: The number of violence related deaths in the world is unacceptably high. Coordinated prevention and control efforts are urgently needed. (+info)
(4/29) A population-based assessment of human rights abuses committed against ethnic Albanian refugees from Kosovo.
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed patterns of displacement and human rights abuses among Kosovar refugees in Macedonia and Albania. METHODS: Between April 19 and May 3, 1999, 1180 ethnic Albanian refugees living in 31 refugee camps and collective centers in Macedonia and Albania were interviewed. RESULTS: The majority (68%) of participants reported that their families were directly expelled from their homes by Serb forces. Overall, 50% of participants saw Serb police or soldiers burning the houses of others, 16% saw Serb police or soldiers burn their own home, and 14% witnessed Serb police or soldiers killing someone. Large percentages of participants saw destroyed mosques, schools, or medical facilities. Thirty-one percent of respondents reported human rights abuses committed against their household members, including beatings, killings, torture, forced separation and disappearances, gunshot wounds, and sexual assault. CONCLUSIONS: The present findings confirm that Serb forces engaged in a systematic and brutal campaign to forcibly expel the ethnic Albanian population of Kosovo. In the course of these mass deportations, Serb forces committed widespread abuses of human rights against ethnic Albanians. (+info)
(5/29) From dust to dust: ethical and practical issues involved in the location, exhumation, and identification of bodies from mass graves.
There are many potential purposes served by the investigation of human remains: criminal fact-finding, archaeological exploration, forensic research, and others. This paper focuses on the identification of remains from mass graves to find missing persons. The primary goal of such efforts is to honor the memory of the dead by bringing closure to living family members, thus supporting the human rights of both the living and the deceased. Cultures, customs, political, and interpersonal specifics will vary, but that singular goal should remain the central guiding principle. This article presents ethical and practical issues resulting from efforts to locate, exhume, and identify the remains of mass fatalities. (+info)
(6/29) Identification of human remains by immobilized sequence-specific oligonucleotide probe analysis of mtDNA hypervariable regions I and II.
AIM: A rapid analysis of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences with an array of immobilized sequence-specific oligonucleotide (SSO) probes was tested on 18 skeletal elements recovered from mass graves in Croatia, which could not be genotyped with common forensic nuclear DNA systems (PM+DQA1 and short tandem repeat analysis). METHODS: We used duplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of the mtDNA hypervariable regions I and II (HVI and HVII) (444 bp and 415 bp amplicons, respectively) and subsequent linear array typing, which targets six polymorphic regions and two additional sites within the human mtDNA HVI and HVII. The remaining amplified products were subjected to direct sequence analysis to obtain complete sequence information for the targeted HV regions. RESULT: Duplex PCR amplification of the mtDNA HVI and HVII was successful in providing sufficient product for typing with the array of SSO probes in 14 out of the 18 sample extracts. We report here the sequence match of one set of remains with a panel of immobilized SSO probes, followed by direct sequence analysis. The corresponding mtDNA haplotype obtained for the bone sample and the putative maternal reference was unique in a database of 105 randomly selected Croatian individuals. CONCLUSION: Mitochondrial DNA typing with an array of immobilized SSO probes can be a benefit to forensic DNA analysis of mass disaster remains and identity testing of single and mass graves. (+info)
(7/29) How high should paternity index be for reliable identification of war victims by DNA typing?
AIM: To analyze statistically and logically the significance of genetic matches between skeletal remains and relatives of missing persons in the process of identification of war victims by DNA typing. METHODS: DNA was isolated from bone and blood samples and short tandem repeat (STR) loci were typed by using AmpFLSTR Profiler, Profiler Plus, and Identifiler kits. Novel mini-haplotype analysis that compares matches in all three-locus combinations of alleles was developed and used in the analysis of inbreeding in the group of 295 unrelated individuals. RESULTS: While comparing 98 skeletal remains exhumed in the process of identification of war victims in Croatia with over 3,000 genotypes of relatives of missing persons, we revealed 20 cases of 14-locus matches and 4 cases of 15-locus matches between unrelated people. We hypothesized that this unexpectedly high number of false matches might be a consequence of local inbreeding and supported this hypothesis with very low correlation between the probability of a genotype and the number of matching genotypes in the database (R(2) = 0.36). Further support for the hypothesis was obtained by the analysis of mini-haplotypes, which revealed up to 90% overrepresentation of some mini-haplotypes. CONCLUSIONS: STR DNA typing is the "golden standard" of human identification, but evidential value of a genetic match can be easily misinterpreted. Therefore, careful use of statistical methods is essential for the proper evaluation of laboratory results. Whenever possible, multiple relatives should be analyzed and other evidence based on the information about time, place, and other conditions of disappearance, as well as anthropological and other "classical" forensic data should always be put together and compared before any final decision about the identity is made. (+info)
(8/29) MEDICAL ASSESSMENT OF LATE EFFECTS OF NATIONAL SOCIALIST PERSECUTION.
Emotional involvement of the examiner, hostility and mistrust on the part of the examinees and the long interval since the original events comprise some of the problems facing medical assessors of survivors of National Socialist persecution. Experience with over 100 such persons confirmed the high incidence of irreversible and usually disabling disorders, mainly functional and psychiatric-"late damage" as it has been designated in recent reports on this subject. The most common disorders encountered in the assessments of 70 survivors are reviewed. A number of organic diseases such as organic brain damage, active tuberculosis and fractures were revealed only after careful search. Recent findings by psychiatric assessors are reviewed; their plea for greater familiarity with late effects in survivors of National Socialist persecution is echoed, and the need for medical, psychiatric and social support of these unfortunate individuals is emphasized. (+info)
- This fiasco again captures so well the Sri Lankan government's deranged diplomatic and domestic responses to serious war crimes allegations. (google.com)
- Created in part in response to the war crimes committed in the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda in the 1990s (separate international tribunals were established to prosecute allegations of war crimes in each conflict), the ICC was. (britannica.com)
- In May 2007 the court issued arrest warrants for a government minister and a militia leader in Sudan for their roles in war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by Sudanese forces in Darfur . (britannica.com)
- that it will issue an arrest warrant against President Omar al-Bashir of Sudan for war crimes in Darfur. (wired.com)
- BRUSSELS (Reuters) -- Serbia's cooperation with the UN war crimes tribunal in The Hague has improved but Belgrade must keep up efforts to arrest the remaining fugitives, the court said in a report obtained by Reuters today. (rferl.org)
- He did not refer in the draft to the 'full' cooperation with efforts to arrest suspected war criminals which has been demanded by the EU as a condition for Serbia to make progress towards membership of the 27-nation bloc. (rferl.org)
- 18 April 2004 -- Police in eastern Bosnia launched an operation today to arrest top war crimes suspects but announced hours later that their attempts had failed. (rferl.org)
- International Criminal Court (ICC) , permanent judicial body established by the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (1998) to prosecute and adjudicate individuals accused of genocide , war crimes , and crimes against humanity. (britannica.com)
- A one-time de facto ally of the UN peacekeeping mission in eastern Congo, General Bosco Ntaganda is now wanted for war crimes by the International Criminal Court. (wsj.com)
- He was described by military prosecutors as a driver and trusted aide to the late al Qaeda leader, Osama bin Laden, in Afghanistan. (scotusblog.com)